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-r«i-ir- w^AT-T^ ni nwr m tjichiond, Virginia 

1 Mb WAl 1 FLUW UU. p^sjo^'th.irTir.'lt?: write for catalogue. 

Smalley, Tornado, and Hocking 
Valley Feed Cutters. 

Geiser Saw Mills, and Engines. 

Smalley Pole and Cord Wood 


American Saw Mills and Wood 
Working Machinery. 

Fish. Weber and MolineTwo 
Horse Farm Wagons, and Hick- 
ory and Champion One Horse 


Syracuse, South Bend and 
Chattanooga Riding and Walk- 
ina: Turn Plows. 



Chattanooga and Syracuse Single and Double 
Disc Plows. 

Smalley Horse Powers. 

Buggies, Surries. and Spring Wagons of all de- 

Hocking Vallev Corn Shellers. "^ 




1426 E. Main St. and 1 452 Franklin St.. RICHMOND. VIRGINIA. 


The Southern Planter. 



Agriculture Is the nursing mother of the Arts.— XENOPHON. 
Tillage and pasturage are the two breasts of the State. —SULLY, 

67th Year. 

Richmond. Va., January, 1906. 

No. 1 

19 O 6. 

In acordance with what has now become an estab- 
lished custom, we have again the pleasure of present- 
ing to our readers our Annual Holiday issue of The 
Planter. We trust that our readers will be satisfied 
with the issue and that it will result, as in the past, 
in a great addition to the list of our regular readers. 
We have printed a large number of copies in excess 
of the number called for by our large list of subscrib- 
ers in order that we may be able to commence new 
subscribers with the January number and have a sur- 
plus to distribute amongst those desiring to see a copy 
of the Journal. We shall esteem it a favor if our 
friends and subscribers will send us the names and 
addresses of farmers in their different sections who 
are not now readers of The Planter, in order that we 
may be able to send them copies of this issue with 
a view of inducing them to become regular readers. 
Whilst in the past few years we have added thousands 
of names to our already large list of subscribers, we 
yet desire to add more. Not one-tenth of the farm- 
ers of the South who ought to read The Planter yet 
do so, nor do a very large number of them ever read 
any other agTicultural journal. Until they do so, 
they will never achieve the success in their calling 
which is within their reach. The outcry against 
"book farming" is not now heard with the intensity 
and reiteration formerly so common. Men now 
realize as they have never done before that 'Taiow- 
ledge is power" and that only those who read and ap- 
ply what science has done and is doing for farmers 
can themselves expect to make the profits in farm- 
ing which the calling is capable of yielding. The 

North Carolin-rs St 

successful men in all callings are those who avail 
themselves of all the help which can be obtained from 
the application of science to their endeavours. 

Ever since we accepted the position of Editor of 
this journal, it has been our endeavour to keep promi- 
nently before our readers the work the scientists are 
doing for the farmers, and to so apply the teachings 
of these men as to make them practically available 
on the farm. Theory without capacity for practical 
application is useless, and it is here where so many 
editors fail in making their teachings valued by farm- 
ers. They have not had that practical training on 
the farm which enables them to combine scientific 
theory with the practical every day work of the farm 
in such a way as to result in profit. Our own 25 
years work on the farm, before undertaking the duties 
and responsibilities of an editor, peculiarly qualify 
us to make this application and to realize and ap- 
preciate the limits within which it is possible to com- 
bine the two. The constant increase in the list of 
our subscribers convinces us that farmers have realiz 
ed the truth of this and therefore support The Plant- 
er, and urge their friends to take and read it, and this 
without the stimulus of premiums and gifts with thp 
journal, which we have always eschewed. We be 
lieve that farmers have realized that in The Plante 
for 50 cents per year they get full value for thei 
money, and surely this is so when, for that sum, the\ 
get asthey did lastyear nearly l,OOP»p|gpg^twterest- 
ing matter in the year, as against ^to^^WJto is all 
we guarantee them. Every copy of The Plantei 
costs us, in actual payments for paper and printing 
itu College 



alone, 50 cents per year, and we cannot, therefore, 
afford to either give premiums or accept less than 
our subscription price, unless some other vahiable 
consideration moves us to do so. No farmer who 
has that interest in his calling, which every one 
should have in that which means his daily bread, can 
honestly saythat he cannotafford 50 cents per year for 
The Planter. The profit made on a single hen in a 
year will pay for the Journal. We rarely hear the 
remark that they cannot afford to take the paper, but 
we do have many to say that they cannot find time 
to read it. If these men who say so will only make 
time to read it, they will find that they will be much 
better off at the year's end, and have saved much in 
hard labor and toil. Brawn without brains is the 
worst paid labor in the world, and always will be. 
Without reading and study men can never get tlie best 
rewards for their labor, and this is especially true 
in the case of the farmer. We have almost daily 
illustrations of this truth. Amongst our subscrib- 
ers are numbers of farmers of whom it is the common 
remark in this ofiice amongst our clerks that these 
men never grumble when they call. They are always 
cheerful and read}- to confess that they are doing well 
and living comfortably. Without exception these 
men are reading farmers. They always know what 
is in The Planter from cover to cover, and are ready 
to discuss the problems under consideration in an in- 
telligent and understanding manner, and are apply- 
ing the lessons taught to their daily work on the 
farm with profit to themselves. 

We want to secure thousands more of such readers, 
not merely for our own profit, but for the advance- 
ment of the agricultural welfare of the South. Not 
withstanding the fact that the mineral wealth and the 
manufacturing industries of the South are great fac- 
tors in its advancement in all material things, yet 
the outstanding fact is, and always will be that the 
South is an agricultural section and that this factor 
will determine its position in the country and in the 
world. Agriculture in all its diversified forms, is. 
and will be, the greatest source of wealth in the South, 
and only the inability of the farmers of the South 
to properly utilize science in the advancement of their 
calling, will mark the limit of this wealth. When 
every farmer's son receives instruction in the ele- 
mentary principles of agriculture in the common 
schools, and is thus prepared to read, understand and 
apply the teachings to be foimd in the pages of The 
Planter, and appreciate the further instniction which 
he can obtain in the course of study open to him at 
the agricultural college of the State in which he lives, 

then shall we see a cessation of the migration from 
the farm to the cities, and then also shall we see the 
fanner come into his own. Hasten the day when 
tliis shall be the case throughout the South! Every 
farmer should work for this, and if he does so, he can 
ha^'c it quickly. 

We intend to continue the several departments vm- 
der which the work of the farm has been discussed, 
as they have been in the past issues of The Planter. 
These will each be kept fully up to date in the infor- 
mation which they contain. Special attention will 
be given to the "Work for the Month" and the "En- 
quirers Column." These two have in the past always 
received the highest commendation as being preemi- 
nently useful to every farmer, and we especially in- 
\'ite communications for and constant reference to 
the Enquirers Cohimn. In the course of the year, 
we answer thousands of Enquiries on the practical 
work of the farm in all its branches, and these will be 
found in the future, as in the past, of inestimable 
use to farmers. The information contained in this 
column is worth, to every farmer, many times the cost 
of the Journal. Our advertising patronage is now 
so large that no farmer need ever be at a loss where to 
buy what he wants or to sell what he has to dispose of, 
when he has The Planter on his table. 


In every issue of The Planter, in the Advertising 
Department, will be found a list of other Journals 
nnd Magazines which we can supply at reduced rates 
along with The Planter. Wliilst the list contains 
only such Journals and Magazines as are most com- 
monly called for by our subscribers, yet, if other 
papers or magazines, not mentioned in the list, or 
Books on Agricultural subjects are desired, we shall 
be glad at all times to make quotations of prices on 
these in conjunction with The Planter.. We have 
arrangements with almost all the publishing houses 
in the country, under which we are enabled to make 
most reasonable prices on whatever literature is de- 
sired by onr subscribers. A reference to the list of 
Reports and publications received by us, whicli ap- 
pear in each issue, will enable every farmer to keep 
himself posted on the special literature published by 
the Department of Agricult\ire and the Experiment 
Stations on the dixerent crops and live stock of the 
country, and these reports he can there see where to 
obtain. We receive Reports from every Experi- 
ment Station in the country, and note these in the 
list as they appear. Farmers should watch this list. 



Farm Management. 


The weather, up to the date of this writing (14tl) 
Dec), has been mild and open with a continuance 
of the absence of rain, which has characterized the 
whole of the fall months. For the season of the year 
the soil is exceedingly dry, and there is a great ab 
sence of water in the subsoil. Where land has not 
been plowed so as to catch and hold the slight rainfall 
we have had, there is in the land scarcely sufficient 
moisture to sprout anything. On land broken early 
for wheat and winter oats, the rainfall has been con- 
served and these crops are looking well and healthy, 
but with only a moderate growth, yet, amply suffi- 
cient for promise of a good crop, and with less risk 
of being injured by frosts than if the ground was full 
of moisture. The report of the Department of Agri- 
culture just received, shows the fall seeded crop of 
wheat as 31,341,000 acres, an area very slightly in ex- 
cess of that sowed in the fall of 1904. In Virginia, 
the crop seeded is 758,193 acres; in North Carolina, 
595,185 acres; in South Carolina, 328,128; in Mary- 
land, 812,904 acres; in Tennessee, 895,599 acres, 
and West Virginia, 388,122 acres. The crop seed- 
ed in these six states is 323,483 acres in excess of 
that seeded in the fall of 1904. We are glad to see 
this increase in the area of the land devoted to this 
crop in these States. It is time for the South 
to be making at least the wheat that is 
needed for its own consumption, and an in- 
crease in area, similar to the one made this year, 
each year for a few years, will bring this about. 
This change in the crop system of the South by the 
substitution of the cereals for cotton and tobacco, 
means uiTich for the advance ment of Southern agri- 
culture, as these crops are iisually the preciirsors of 
clover and grass, and mean the keeping of live stock 
in greater numbers and the gradual improvement of 
the crop productive capacity of the soil. It also 
means the keeping at home of much money sent 
North and West for the purchase of supplies. The 
condition of the wheat crop throughout the coimtry 
stands at 94 as compared with 82 in 1904, and 80 in 
1903, and a ten-year average of 91. This is a dis- 
tinct gain in condition and illustrates forcibly what 
we have so repeatedly stated-- — that a dry seeding time 
is infinitely better for the wheat crop than a wet one. 
We have no definite data as to the winter oat crop seed- 
ed, but from what we gather from our correspondents, 
should estimate it at less than the average. Many 

have been deterred from sowing by the dry condition 
of the land, causing difficulty in plowing and prepar- 
ing the land, and fear lest the seed would not germi- 
nate. What has been seeded was mostly sown ear- 
ly, and looks well. If winter oats cannot be gotten 
in in September, orOctober atthe latest, they are better 
not sown, and the Burt or the Rust proof oat ought to 
be sown in February or March in the place. We 
have good reports as to the success of the Burt oat 
from many sections. 

We have just received from the Department of 
Agriculture its detailed report on the production of 
tobacco of the different types in the different sections 
of the country. From this report, we find that the 
average yield per acre of sun cured tobacco in Virgin- 
ia for 1905 was 767 pounds, with an average quali- 
ty of 95 per cent., both body and quality better than 
in 1904. The average yield of Virginia Dark pe^ 
acre was 721 poimds, with an average quality of 83. 
per cent. The crop was in many counties damaged 
by too much rain. The average yield of Bright Yel- 
low in the old belt of Virginia and North Carolina 
was 575 pounds per acre, with an average quality of' 
81 per cent. Too much rain injured this crop and 
greatly reduced the quality and quantity. In the- 
New Yellow belt of Eastern North Carolina and 
South Carolina, the average yield was 677 pounds, 
per acre, with an average quality of 71 per cent. 
The crop is of poor quality and short in quantity from 
too much rain. In Maryland, the crop is less than 
last year and of inferior quality on account of exces- 
sive rain. The indications are that good tobacco will ; ' 
sell well, and the sales are showing this to be the case. 
On account, however, of the damaged quality of much 
of the product, the probability is that planters will 
not realize a very remunerative return on the crop. 

The latest returns as to the cotton crop would seem 
to indicate something like a reduction of 2,000,000 
bales in the crop, and the price has advanced to about 
12 cents. The determination and apparent ability of 
the planters to hold the unsold portion of the crop 
as the result of co-operative action would seem to in- 
dicate that a good price will be made on this held 
cotton, as the demand is great, the cotton manufactur- 
ing industry being most active in England and on 
the Continent of Europe. It would seem likely that 
the whole crop will probably average nearly 12 cents 
per pound, which means an immense sum of money 



for the South from this one crop. We trust that 
this will not have the effect of so stimulating the 
planting industry as to lead to over-production and 
an unremunerative crop of 1906. With conservative 
production and marketing, cotton can be kept at a 
stable price not burdensome to the consumer, but yet 
remunerative to the grower. Co-operative efforts 
to this end, not only with cotton, but with all the oth- 
er staple crops, is to be commended and encouraged 
and planters and farmers should organize for this 
purpose. The prostitution of such a good work to 
the extent, however, of making an unnaturally 
high price for any staple, and thus limiting the con- 
sumptive demand is, however, to be comdemned as 
it must react on the producer. 

The work that can be actually done on the farm this 
month is practically very little, as January is \isually 
our most wintry month and snow and frost may be 
expected to keep the teams largely in doors. The 
care and feeding of the stock should have constant 
attention, so that they may be well fortified within 
from the effects of the cold. Whilst good shelter 
from inclement weather is always conducive to the 
well doing of the stock, and saving of food, numerous 
experiments have shown that when stock are well 
fed with a well balanced ration, mere cold, apart from 
snow and rain, has but little injurious effect on the 
well doing of animals. Where the internal furnace 
is kept well supplied with good fuel, and dry beds 
provided, the animals can keep out the cold and pre-' 
vents its being a drawback to their profitable use of 
the food eaten. 

See to it that an abundant supply of long feed is 
always kept at or near to the bam so that in the event 
of very severe or stormy weather, it will not be neces- 
sary to have far to haul same. Handling wet and 
frozen feed is unpleasant work and stock is very apt 
to be stinted when it becomes necessary to resort to 

If the weather should Ije mild and dry, teams 
should be kept at work plowing and cleaning u]> land 
intended to be cropped this year. The plowing of 
land is, as a rule, very badly done in the South, and 
yet, upon its being well done, largely depends the suc- 
cessful production of crops. Too often it is thought 
to be sufficient for the greater part of the land to be 
broken in any fashion, and many fields, when the 
))lowing is finished, look more as though they had 
' een root«d over by hogs than plowed by man. Such 

work as this can never result in the making of good 
crops. Every inch of the soil should be moved and 
l)e moved to the same depth and be uniformly broken 
and mixed if the best results are to be obtained. 
Where some of the seed has a loose seed bed of 6 or 
8 inches into which to send out its roots, and other 
seed has only 3 inches of loose soil and still other seed 
no loose soil at all to work in, the result must necessa- 
rily be an uneven growth and an uneven ripening, and 
consequently, an uneven and poor yield, which will 
never sell well on the market. The object of plow- 
ing the land is not merely to turn over the surface 
soil, but to open and bring into contact with the 
air and sun, soil not previously amenable to these in- 
fluences, and therefore incapable of giving up its 
plant food. It is also essential that it should open 
out the close texture of the soil and thus permit of the 
absorption equally of the rainfall. Inattention to 
these requisites of good plowing, is largely respon- 
sible for our low average yields. In England, where 
plowing has always received the greatest attention 
at the hands of farmers, and where plowing matches 
are a regular feature of the Agricultural Fairs, and 
are participated in by scores of contestants it is a 
most instructive and pleasing sight to look over scores 
of acres of land, every inch of which has been plowed 
to an exact depth and every furrow laid as straight 
and as even in width as though laid down by a par- 
allel rule. When such land is seeded, every seed is 
given an equal chance for germination and gro%vth 
and the result is a perfect stand and equal growth 
nnd ripening. This largely accounts for the excel- 
lent average yields of grain made in that country. 
Of wheat, the average yield in 1905 was 35 bushels 
to the acre as against our 14, and the same increase 
over our yields is true of barley and oats. The ef- 
fect of this good plowing is also seen in the stands of 
clover and grass secured after the grain crops, which 
nuike heavy crops of hay and pastures carrying a 
steer to the acre. There is no reason whatever why 
we should not make equally as good yields here if 
proper care is taken in preparing the land, and the 
first steji in this preparation is good plowing. If 
llie plowing be not well done, no subsequent culti- 
tion of the land can correct the defects. It may tend 
to lessen the evil but can never remedy it entirely. 
See to it, then, that the first step is well taken. Use 
n strong plow capable of turning heavy furrows, 
have the share sharp and see to it that the team is so 
hitched as to pull from the point of the shoulders, so 
that the plow will run on an even keel and be capable 
of being adjusted to a nicety by the plowman with- 



out wearying him by constant efforts to keep it run- 
ning at the same depth and the same width. We 
have followed the plow for hours together without 
ever having had to vary the pressure on the one hand 
or the other, and this pressure was of the lightest 
character; indeed, we have many times run the plow 
a whole furrow in length without ever touching the 
handles after setting in at tlie end. Such easy work, 
however, necessitates a very steady team and land en- 
tirely free from rocks and roots. Do not plow 
around the field, but lay off in beds and plow from 
end to end of these beds. If the land is wet or liable 
to flooding, lay off in narrow beds and throw the mid- 
dle furrows well up so as to make the beds round and 
thus ensure drainage, and make the furrows between 
the beds deep to carry off the water. If the land is 
dry and not subject to flooding, lay off in wide beds 
and keep level with shallow furrows between the beds. 
It is impossible, in plowing a field in the method 
so common — of going round and round — to plow all 
the land and leave the field level and all equally fit- 
ted for a seed bed, while the center of the field will 
necessarily be trampled nearly as solid as though 
it had never been plowed. Plowed in beds from end 
to end, the land can be so laid off as to drain thorough- 
ly and every inch of it can be plowed and left level. 
When the beds are all plowed, then plow out the 
head lands on which the team has turned and thus 
leave the whole field presenting a picture of a work- 
manlike job, and in the best shape for being a per- 
fect .seed bed. 

which has not been under arable cultivation. In 
doing this work, make a complete job by thoroughly 
rooting out all old stumps, rocks, bushes and briars, 
and haul them off the land or bum such of them as 
will burn. Do not leave stumps and rocks to break 
implements and tools and to be harbors for weeds, 
insects and f^mgoid diseases. As far as possible, 
make the fence lines straight, and thus conduce to 
easier and more perfect cultivation of the crop, and 
have less waste land in the fields. Fence corners 
are always weed producers and make labor in keeping 
ing the crops clean. Reduce the number of the cor- 
ners as much as possible. Straight fences look bet- 
ter than crooked ones, and take less material to make 

Get out lime and manure on to the land whenever 
it is dry enoiigh to haul on. Lime rquires time for 
its good effects to be seen, and, therefore, the earlier 
it is gotten on to the land the more satisfactory will 
be the results. Apply the lime on the land after it 
has been plowed and harrow in lightly. Manure 
from the stables and pens should be gotten out as 
often as practicable. It will do much more good on 
the land than lying leaching in the yard or pens. 
Usually, man\ire pays best applied on a sod for corn. 
The corn plant, with its vigoroiis root system and 
strong growth, can better utilize rough manure than 
any other crop. When you have maniire that has 
partially or wholly rotted, and can be broken finely 
this makes an excellent top dressing for wheat and 
winter oats or a grass sod, and should be \ised for 
that purpose. 

In stormy weather clean up tools and implements 
and give them a good oiling on the iron and steel 
working parts and a coat or two of paint on the wood- 
work. This will make the implements last years 
longer and save much money. Now that labor is 
scarce and dear, implements and machines must take 
their place and these ought to be much better cared 
for than is customary on most farms. We know some 
farmers who make their binders, mowers and imple- 
mentsand other toolslast yearslonger than their neigh- 
bor's, but these men never leave their implements 
and machines out of doors where they have been last 
used, and care for them under cover with oil and 

Clean up land intended to be cropped this year, 

Virginia farmers could well use some of their 
leisure time at this season of the year in meeting to- 
gether and discussing problems affecting their wel- 
fare, and taking action to induce the Legislature, 
which meets this month, to give some attention to 
their wants. Particularly should they give atten- 
tion to the wants and needs of the Experiment Sta- 
tion and Agricultural College at Blacksburg. An ari 
tide in this issue points out the work which is now- 
being done there, and well done for the advance- 
ment of the agricultural interests of the State. Th© 
Station needs money to do this work. The State has 
never yet made any appropriation to supplement tha 
money appropriated by the Federal Government for 
the support of the Station. It ought to do so, as the 
Federal appropriation is not sufficient to carry on the 
work as it ought to be done. This was fully and free- 
ly recognized and admitted by the himdreds of farm- 
ers who attended the Farmers' Institute held at Roa 



nokCj.and who afterwards visited the Station and were 
astounded and more than pleased at what they saw. 
They unanimously concurred in a memorial to the 
Legislature to supplement the Federal grant, and for 
money to complete the Agricultural Hall. We want 
every farmer to constitute himself a Committee of 
one to urge upon his Delegate and Senator to make 
this appropriation a liberal one. Other States sup 
plement the Federal grant by appropriations of 
$10,000, $15^000 or $20,000 each year, and this 
State can now well afford to do likewise. There is 
a surplus in the Treasury, and there will be 
an additional revenue of nearly $100,000 this year, 
as the result of the recent revaluation of the State. 
No addition taxation will be needed to meet a liberal 
appropriation for the Station and College, and farm- 
ers have only to assert their claims to secure this. 
We would also like to see an effort made to secure 
an appropriation for the work of eradicating the Tex- 
as fever tick from the State. We had recently the 
opportimity of a conference with the officials of the 
Bureau of Animal Industry at Washington on this 
subject, and they assured us that if the State would 
show its interest in the work of eradicating the tick, 
the Federal authorities would join hands with the 
State and find both money and men to help to get 
rid of this terrible menace to out live stock industry, 
which costs the farmers of the State thousands of 
dollars every year. With imited action, the tick can 
be gotten rid of and the State be taken out of quaran- 
tine permanently. In connection with this matter, 
action should also be taken, looking to the adoption 
of a "no fence" law in every coxmty. Wherever 
a "no fence" law is in operation, ticks rapidly disap- 
pear, and Texas fever ceases to be a trouble. The adop- 
tion of such a law also means a great saving fo money 
to farmers in the cost of fencing and damage done to 
crops by straying cattle. 


Editor Sovlhei-n Planter: 

There is no doubt that the Virginia farmer is get- 
ting into better shape every year. Almost every sec- 
tion of the State has been inoculated with northern 
and western settlers and the land is being inoculated 
with microtes, germs and bacteria of every descrip- 
tion, all which have the habit — so the men of science 
•say — to steal nitrogen, the most costly plant food, 
from the clouds, and store it away in burglar proof 
underground cellars, called nodules. So every farm- 
er is trying now to raise a big crop of such no- 
dules by means of leguminous plants such as cow- 

j peas, clover, vetches and alfalfa, and I would not 
be surprised if this nodule-fever is not broken soon, 
that in a few years we will have compulsory vacci- 
nation of our soil, instead of compulsory education of 
our children. 

Doctors say that every disease must run its 
course. If this is true, then we must have patience 
with our niral friends who have been so badly af- 
fected by this nitrogen-manufacturing bacteria, which 
was discoveerd by a German Professor and improved 
and patented by an American Doctor. 

A? a rule farmers are slow in taking hold of new 
things. Would it not be advisable to act aacordingly 
in this matter and wait until the professors and doc- 
tors have increased the size of said bacteria, so that 
we can see it wth tlie naked eye and the nodules on 
our clover and cow-peas have the size of the nodules 
on our common briar roots. Seeing is believing. 

"SIt. Editor. Your paper has done good work for 
the southern farmer and your advice in many mat- 
ters of our farming operations has been appreciated 
throughout the South. Would it not be wise to 
check such frenzied farming by vaccination and di- 
rect our efforts into another channel, which would 
save farmers millions, and prevent the riiinous, bank- 
rupting wasting away of our soil by rain. Take for 
instance the James river and its tributaries. These 
rivers carr\- in their muddy waters more plant food 
from our soils, than the planters get in buying fertil- 
izer-; to the amount of over one million dollars 7>er 
venr. Who has not seen our bleeding hills alongside 
the rivers ? They look as though they had been 
whipped with a cowhide until the blood rose to the 
surface. We farmers are to blame for this, and we 
farmers alone can remedy this evil and make the 
water of our rivers as clear as those of the Hudson 
and the York river. 

I should correct myself and not say farmers but 
planters. It is the Virginia planter who with his 
hoe-crops is responsible for all this trouble. It is 
impossible to make rolling land pay with crops that 
must be worked by hoe or cultivated to keep the 
land loose during the growing season. A heavy rain 
will wash away more soluble matter than the farm- 
er can replace with a double team in a year. 

We have no law against cruelty to land, if we had 
one, or if land could defend itself and kick like a 
mule, I am afraid, many farmers would find it im- 
possible to obtain a life-insurance policy, although 
it would be advisable for many to take out an acci- 
dent policy every morning before hitching up their 
teams to the plow. 

If we have mentioned above the weak point in our 
farming, it should be proper to say what the remedy 
is. if there is one. 



In the first place we must be farmers and not 

The Virginia planter had his glorious time when 
slave labor could be employed. He created the proud 
Commonwealth, "The Old Dominion," and prospered 
for over a hundred years. 

Without slave labor it would have been impossible 
to accomplish this, because as a rule, there cannot be 
fo^md general prosperity where planters dominate. 
Take the cotton, sugar, coflFe, rice, and tea planting 
countries, and you will always find a few rich 
planters amongst a lot of poor ones, a few masters 
amongst a lot of slaves; black, brown or white. 

The planter needs them, and if he cannot have 
them, he must be the slave himself. He must have 
human hands to work his crops. The farmer can use 
machinery to advantage, but the tobacco planter can- 
not even use a pitchfork or a shotgim to kill the to- 
bacco worm or a mower and rake to ciit and harvest 
his tobacco. All his work must be done by hand. 

Would anybody say, that the phenomenal progress 
in our Western States was possible, if planters in- 
stead of farmers had to do it. Or can anybody deny, 
that the Virginia climate, soil and geogi-aphical lo- 
cation is well adapted to diversified f armng ? If 
not, then let us drop a system of so-called farming, 
that has at the present time no moi-e right to exist- 
ence, than coffee planting in North Dakota. The 
New Dominion which is growing on. the ruins of the 
Old Dominion is not resting on the shoulders of plant- 
ers, slaves and tobacco hogsheads; its foundation is 
a solid one, composed of farmers manufacturers and 
free labor. 

That this is the opinion of many, may be proven 
by the fact, that of all the Northern and Western 
settlers, who have made Virginia their home, hardly 
10% will raise any tobacco and I do not know of 
any "Agriculturist" who has taken tobacco as his 
hobby to get rid of his surphis money. I do not 
say, that we must at once stop tobacco grow-ing, b^it 
■say positively that in the future the Virginia tobacco 
planter will have to play the second violin, if he is 
allowed to play at all. Let us compare the amount 
■of money, that the Virginia tobacco growers get for 
their crops with the sum, that Virginia merchants 
send north and west for such products as hay, corn, 
flour, meat, etc., and we will be surprised how little 
is left to their credit. Instead of being a seller of 
such farm products, he is a buyer. His teams con- 
Tey the northern and western products from the cities 
■or states to his farm, while in the north and west, the 
farmer's wagons carry such prodiicts to the city. This 
will not do. We must stop that leak in our pocket. 
We must bring our hay barn, our com crib, our 
smoke houses away from Chicago or Minneapolis to 
our own farm. We must stop cultivating hilly land 

with hoe-crops and raise clover, alfalfa or grass on it ; 
we must not plow our land shallow with a 1 horse 
plow, but deep, using a subsoil plow if possible we 
must not lay by "our corn land, but cultivate it level ; 
we must not let our land lay bare during the winter 
season, have a crop on it — even rye will do, — to pre- 
vent it from washing, and if we do this, we will stop 
that big leak and in after years the water of the 
James and its tributaries will be as clear as in 
the days when Captain Smith sailed its placid water 
and reported to his master, that he had discovered a 
land, where the sun had kissed the earth. 

Dunividdie Co., Va. W. Geossmann. 

We are entirely with our correspondent in his plea 
for "farmers" in the place of "planters" and for 
deep plowing and covering of the land with a crop 
all the year round, to prevent washing and erosion 
of soils and have written many pages of matter in 
support of these views in the past 20 years. We, 
however, cannot go with him in his desire to check 
the spread of the scientific doctrine of inoculation 
of the soil with microbes and germs. We have seen 
too umch of the value of this doctrine to doubt its 
efiiciency. Long before the German "professor" and 
the American "doctor" became conspicuous by their 
discoveries of the value of inoculation of the soil 
we had pointed oiit in this journal and emphasized 
the fact, that something more than the plant food 
value in farm yard manure or in clover was a factor 
in the good results obtained from the use of manure 
and clover as improvers of land, and that factor we 
asserted, was the inoculation of the land with 
serms or microbes playing an important role in the 
productive capacity of land treated with these im- 
provers. Science has since demonstrated the truth 
of our contention. — Ed. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

The large number of interesting articles on soil 
acidity and liming that have appeared recently, tempt 
me to add another on this, one of the fundamental 
factors in agi'iculture. 

After tillage, I regard the reaction of the soil as 
the most important controllable condition governing 
economic crop production. Where the soil is acid, 
so much more drainage, cultivation, manures and fer- 
tilizers must be given to produce the same results 
that are required on alkaline soils, that the value of 
the increased yields thus secured are largely swal- 
lowed up by the extra expense of production, thus 
making the profits from large crops very small. 


[J anuary. 

While much has been written on this subject, and 
but littlQ that is entirely new can be said, as it has 
been quite thoroughly investigated from all stand- 
points, a brief general statement of the effect of lime 
on acid soils may be of interest to your readers and 
help to make clear certain important points. 

Alkaline soils have a better physical condition, 
they are more porous, air and water penetrate them 
more easily, they are more easily gotten in condition, 
more easily tilled and warmer than acid soils. Al- 
kalinity increases the solubility of potash and of 
phosphoric acid, promotes nitrification and the fixa- 
tion of nitrogen by bacteria, while the activity of 
many disease-producing fungi is checked. Plant 
roots grow better in alkaline than in ncid soils, and 
finally, certain lime compounds exercise a wonderful 
and but little understood function in the juices of the 
plant against the poisonous influences of other sub- 
stances. These are the reasons why lime, which is 
the cheapest alkali, has produced such marked re 
suits on acid soils. All of these facts are thorough 
ly established. Lime should not be used indiscrimi- 
nately, without knowing that it is needed. Fortu- 
nately, I have been able to work out reliable methods 
with which to determine whether a soil is acid, and 
if so, how much lime is needed to make it alkaline. 
As these methods could not be executed by the farm- 
er, it is needless to describe them here, as they cnn 
only be worked by the chemist. I may say, however, 
that I have long since abandoned the litmus paper 
test and have absolutely no confidence in it in the 
hands of the farmer, not because it is so delicate, as 
has been suggested, but because it is not delicate 
enough. The explanation of the fact that certain 
soils are acid on the surface after liming, I think, is 
this : I have shown elsewhere that when lime is ap- 
plied to soil, it does not neiitralize the soil acids below 
the depth to which it is worked into the soil. Now, 
in working com, or other crops, the lime is not mixed 
deeper than three or four inches, and in plowing the 
following spring, the soil is turned over, bringing to 
the surface, soil which, of course, gives an acid reac- 
tion. Crinxson clover, and other rather sensitive 
plants, however succeed again the second year; first, 
beacuse they can grow on slightly acid soils, and 
second, because the roots can reach the turned under 
limed land. 

While it is true that only in the laboratory can 
lue reaction of the soil and its lime requirements be 
definitely determined, the experienced can form quite 
■'n accurate opinion from the general appearance 

id behavior of the soil, and from its vegetation, as 

to the general character of the soil, whether it is alka- 
line or acid. Compact, impervious soils, or thos* 
which will not grow red clover or alfalfa, are general- 
ly acid, as are also those upon which common red soi^ 
rel grows. 

Having determined that the soil is acid, the first 
question asked is, "How much lime shall be applied ?"" 
As I have said, we can now answer this question. 
That is, we can determine how much lime is necessa- 
ry to make the soil alkaline, and it is upon alkaline- 
soils that the best crops are to be expected. To be- 
able to answer this question, is a great step forward. 
Money need not be spent in applying 50 bushels per 
acre where 25 would do. Nor need we fail of the- 
full effect by applying too little. I have known 
thousands of plants to be killed, which a prelimina- 
ry examination of the soil and the application of the- 
roquired amount of lime, would have saved. In pot 
and plot experiments, I have obtained larger crops of 
clo^•er, alfalfa, cowpeas, tomatoes and lettuce on soilS' 
made alkaline than on soils to which not enough lime- 
was applied to make them alkaline. The Ohio Ex- 
periment Station has obtained larger yields of corn,, 
wheat, oats, timothy and clover on completely neutra- 
lized plots than on plots partially neutralized. An- 
otlier question is "In what form shall lime be ap- 
plied ?" To this it may be replied that when very 
finely divided, that is, in the form of fine dust, fresh- 
ly burned lime, hydrated or slaked lime, and groiind 
limestone, in proportion to the actual lime which they 
contain, have practically the same value. This ques- 
tion, then, revolves itself into one of dollars and cents, 
and one can readily tell which is the cheapest to use ; 
56 pounds of burned lime, 74 pounds of slaked lime- 
and 100 pounds of ground limestone, each of these 
contain the same amount (56 pounds) of actual lime. 

The great importance of the reaction of the soil' 
in economic agriculture, is grasped by few. Most 
of Ihe soils of the Eeastern and Southern States, to- 
gether with much in the Mississippi Valley, are acid 
and greatly in need of lime. They owe their impov- 
erished condition to this fact and to bad tillage.. 
They are hard to till and easily gullied and washed' 
away, because they do not contain enough lime to 
make them alkaline, which would give them a great 
tilth and allow the rain to sink in rather than to lay 
on the surface and carry away the soil by the ton 
when it runs off. On such soils as these, in Mary- 
land, I have frequently known the use of lime to give 
a yield in the second rotation double the yield of the 
first ; the rotation consisting of com, wheat two years, 
clover and timothy. 



In tie South particularly is the need of lime great. 
On the flat acid soils, low in organic matter, drainage 
is exceedingly poor, while on the rolling lands, ero- 
sion and washing away are equally as bad. The 
swamp lands too are very acid and need lime. All 
of these conditions could be overcome in a measure 
by the proper correction of soil acidity, which would 
not only make the soil more porous, but would enable 
the farmer to grow more soil protecting legumes and 
grasses. The hot climate is not the only cause for 
the failure of clover, alfalfa and the grasses in the 
Eastern and Southern States. They are grown on 
the alkaline soils of Texas and Mississippi, and, 
I am certain, can be grown to advantage in the South- 
east, when this controlling condition — soil acidity — 
is corrected. When this is done, uncultivated fields 
will no longer lay bare and the forage problems of 
the South will be solved. 

F. P. Veitch. 
Washington, D. C. 

grow Soy beans without inoculation on land where 
the crop has not been before grown, as our own ex- 
perience satisfied us that this could be done in some 
cases, we have had so many reports of failure to 
succeed on such land that we felt compelled to urge 
that the attempt should not be made without inocu- 
lation. — Ed. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

I take it that we have too many good farmers in 
the South Atlantic and Gulf States for this note to 
go unnoticed by those for whom it is particularly in- 
tended. It seems to me unfortimate that you should 
say that soy beans will not make a good growth with- 
out artificial inoculation. We have grown them here 
very successfully without any such preparation, and 
on land where perhaps no cultivated legume has ever 
grown. You are perfectly right in recommending 
inoculation, but there are many farmers who would 
try this valuable plant if they were not made to be- 
lieve that it is absolutely necessary to undertake this 
procedure, about which they know so little. 

Our observations do not warrant anything very 
definite, but we have no hesitation in saying that while 
the effects of pure culture inocTilation may not be 
in every case of benefit to the immediate crop, it is, 
in many instances, very beneficial to succeeding crops 
of the same family (leguminosoe). We do not, 
therefore, hesitate to recommend some method of in- 
oculation, generally speaking, but farmers should 
avail themselves of any opportunity to study experi- 
ments of this kind. We hope to report later the ef- 
fects on the land of the above mentioned crop of 

L. H. McCuLLOUGH, Director. 

Experiment Station, Wetumpka, Ala. 

Whilst we have not asserted that it is impossible to 


Mr. W. H. Massie, one of our subscribers, liv- 
ing in Allegheny county, Va., writes us, giving parti- 
culars of an Irish potato crop made by him this 
year, which was so great a success that we desire to 
give it publicity. The land on which the crop was 
grown was a clover and timothy sod, containing 8 
acres, and was plowed in December and January. 
The land was prepared and the sets were planted 
the last of April with the Aspinwall planter. No 
fertilizer or manure was applied. The varieties 
planted were Green Mountain, Empire State and 
Vulcan. The crop harvested was 1400 bushels of the 
finest potatoes. From 155 bushels of sets planted, 
Mr. Massie made a total crop of 2255 bushels, an 
average over 14 acres of 161 bushels to the acre, and 
this without the use of any fertilizer or manure. 
The crop made shows what a great factor in success- 
ful Irish potato growing is a clover and grass sod, 
ensuring an abundance of humus in the soil, and the 
presence of nitrogen sufiicient to feed the crop 
throughout its period of growth. Evidently, there is 
also an abundance of available potash in Mr. Massie's 
land, otherwise such a good crop could not have been 


The development of agricultural implements and 
machinery has been very closely connected with our 
agricultural development and the increased econo- 
my of production. It is calculated that in 1830 
over three hours of labor were employed in growing a 
bushel of wheat while in 1896 the labor aggregated 
only ten minutes; in 1850 the labor representated in 
•1 bushel of corn was four and one-half hours, while 
in 1894 it had been reduced to about forty minutes. 
A.S compared with the cost of production in 1830-50, 
nodern machinery now grows crops for less than 
half, although operated by men who receive twice the 
wages formerly paid. Furthermore, the general 
quality of the product is better and it is handled m 
a more cleanlv manner. The American farmer buys 
annually $100,000,000 worth of farm implements 
and machinery. 




Trucking, Garden and Orchard. 


\VTiilst it is too early to think of i)lanting any crops 
in the garden or truck patch, except in South Caro- 
lina, where radishes and lettuce may be sown in the 
open ground, it is not too early to be making prepa- 
ration for the crops to be planted later by getting 
ready the compost heaps to be used on those crops. 
These should be made up of barn-yard manure, leaves 
and other vegetable trash and good rich soil from the 
woods and hedge rows and to these should be added 
acid phosphate and potash with a liberal hand. All 
vegetable crops are great consumers of phosphoric 
acid and potash and these to be available at once for 
the crops require to be applied some time before the 
crops are planted as they only become slowly 
available. The best way to do this is to mix the acid 
phospliate and potash in the compost heap and then 
to apply liberally. There is no danger of the 
phosphate or the potash being leached out or 
lost, but they will become in an available condition 
for the immediate use of the crops. Acid phosphate 
may be used at the rate of 750 to 1,000 pounds to the 
acre and muriate of potash at the rate of 100 or 200 
pounds to the acre. In making the compost heaps the 
material should be spread out in layers and on each 
layer phosphate and potash be sprinkled freely, and 
then when the heap has been thus completed it should 
be allowed to stand ten days and then be turned over, 
thus thoroughly mixing all the materials together. 
It may then stand a month longer and then be hauled 
on the land and be spread broadcast from the wagon 
and be worked into the land with the harrow or culti- 
vator.The rows for the crops should then be laid off 
and stand ready for planting at the proper time. Lay 
off the rows running north and south as far as possible 
and then each side will get nn equal share of sunlight, 
and lay them off carefully so as to preserve an equal 
distance betwen them and have them straight so that 
horse cultivation can be effectively done and hand-hoe 
labor he saved. Previous to planting any seed or 
crop freshen up the rows by running the cultivator in 
them and thus make a fine seed bed. After the crop 
has commenced to grow freely, give a dressing of 
nitrate of soda at the rate of 100 pounds to the acre 
6n each aide of the rows, being careful not to put the 
nitrate on the plants as it will burn them if they are 
damp, and it sticks to them. This will quickly melt 
and start rapid growth. Do not be in too great a 
hiirrv to start working the Innd if it be at all wet. 

Land plowed or worked while wet simply means land 
spoilt for this season's crops and often the effect is 
seen for more than one season. Let the land become 
sufficiently dry so that when a handful of the soil is 
taken up and squeezed together it will make a ball 
that will just hold together until it is dropped on the 
ground and will then at once crumble to pieces. 
When land is in this condition it is right for working 
and planting. 

Lettuce and other early crops in frames should have 
air when the weather is mild, but lookout for frost 
and have ready mats of straw or brush to cover the 
frames in case of a hard freeze. 

Make ready some fine rich soil to fill seed boxes 
for starting the seeds of early spring crops in the hot- 
bed. Onion plants for setting out in March should 
be raised in this way and be hardened off gradually 
ready for planting. The seed should be sown at the 
end of this month or first of February. 

In the orchard and bush fruit plantation much 
work may be done during the winter months. All 
the trees should be carefully looked over and every 
.«i3rap of fire blighted wood be cut out of pear and 
apple trees. The branches blighted can be easily 
identified by the old dead leaves hanging onto them. 
Cut out six or eight inches below the point to which 
the blight has extended and biirn all blighted wood. 
Care in doing this work will greatly reduce the at- 
tacks of blight in the spring and summer. Cut out 
all dead wood and branches that are overlapping each 
other and open out heads of trees to admit sim and 
air. Clean off all moss from the trunks and branches 
and as soon as the weather becomes mild enough 
spray or wash with a lye wash and later with Bor- 
deaux mixture. In raspberry patches cut out all the 
old canes and thin out the new ones where needed and 
shorten back these new canes so as to leave them 4 or 
.5 feet high and tie together at the top or stake and tie 
to the stake. Cut out all dead wood and overgro\vn 
canes in the blackberry patches and shorten back the 
now canes and tie up to the trellis. See that all trel-- 
lis frames and stakes are soimd and capable of carry- 
ing the plants. 

In the vineyard, pruning of the vines may be done 




as soon as the weather becomes mild and do not 
hesitate to cut out nearly all the old wood and many 
of the new canes. Two or three strong canes left 
to each vine are amply suiBcient, and these should 
be shortened back to three or four eyes. Clean off all 
old bark and trash and tie up to the stakes or trellis. 
In the peach orchard, work may be done to prevent 
the borers getting into the trees. Clean off the soil 
from around the trunks to the depth of two or three 
inches and then paint the trunks, from the ground to 
the height of 2 feet, with white lead, and then re-place 
the soil around the trunks. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

A prime condition for profitable returns from any 
crop is a good physical condition of the soil, and even 
in a most fertile soil there are but few crops that can 
withstand positively unfavorable physical conditions. 
This is even paramount to fertility, because the latter 
can be remedied by the liberal use of plant food, but 
without this good physical condition, the natural 
plant food of the soil cannot be changed into the! 
available condition demanded of it before it can bei 
assimilated by the plant. i 

Generally speaking, there is hardly a more profitable i 
vegetable growTithan as paragus, and yet, by proper feed- 
ing of the plant, the possibility of increase, owing not 
only to the increase in the crop, but also to bring- 
ing the crop upon the market earlier, and to an im- 
provement in quality, all of which are factors which 
make for profit in asparagus culture, is great. 

Eor successful asparagus culture, the first thing is 
the selection of a proper soil. The plant is most 
grateful for a warm, sandy soil, or a light loam, and 
as the crop is to remain in position many years, the 
soil should be selected with that in mind. Soil carry- 
ing much organic matter is a very desirable one for 
this crop. There is no danger of an over-rich forcing 
soil for this crop, for the earlier it can be forced and 
put iipon the market, the better the financial returns ; 
and further, a first class product can oidy grow in a 
very rich soil. 

The manner of planting will depend, to some ex- 
tent, upon whether the producer desires to obtain 
white or green asparagus. In the former case, fur- 
rows four feet apart should be cleaned out to a depth 
of from 8 to 12 inches ; but if green shoots are the 
object, then only three or four inches beneath the sur- 
face will be a sufficient depth for the roots to be set. 

At the outset, the plants should not be too deeply 
covered, two inches being sufficient, but the furrows 
should be gradually filled as the growth increases. 

The soil must be subjected to clean culture at all 
times. This crop should receive its manuring just 
before the shoots start. While stable manure, sup- 
plemented by potash and phosphoric acid, is used by 
manv growers, yet many depend entirely upon the 
commercial fertilizers for maintaining fertility, on 
account of the fact that the constant use of stable ma- 
nure fills the land with weeds. Th^ nitrogenous ma- 
terial in this case is obtained from nitrate of soda, 
the other ingredients being potash and phosphoric 

Under proper conditions, the crop will begin com- 
mercial production the third year from planting. 
The highest results from forcing asparagus by the 
use of either stable manure or nitrate of soda, can on- 
ly be had when the plant is also fed liberally with 
potash and phosphoric acid, for otherwise there will 
be an unbalanced ration for the plant ; and since the 
product will be measured by the weakest ingredient 
in the soil, if there be only half enough potash pre- 
sent, there will result only one-half the possible crop, 
and the effect of one-half the nitrogenous material 
will be lost. 

Asparagus responds nicely to a fertilizer having 
about the following composition: , 

Nitrogen 5 per cent. 

Potash 9 per cent 

Available phosphoric acid . . 7 per cent. 

or, the following combination may be used at the rate 
of about 500 pounds per acre : 

Nitrate of Soda 120 pounds 

Acid phosphate 200 poimds 

Muriate of Potash 70 pounds 

To assist in keeping up the vegetable matter and 
humus in the soil, stable manure may take the place 
of the nitrate of soda every second or third year, but, 
in such cases, applications of perhaps one-half the 
above named quantities of potash and phosphoric 
acid should be continued. 

With such treatment, the quality of product and 
the yield will remain unimpaired from year to year. 

In cutting, the stalks should be cut well down to 
the crown. The shoots are bunched, and the butts 
removed with a sharp knife, the bunches being held 
the meanwhile in a bunching machine, and with their 
tops evenly pressed against a board. 

George Wrick-jt. 




Live Stock and Dairy. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

At the present time there are ten breeds of hogs 
represented by associations in the United States. 
These arethe Poland-China, the Berkshire, the Dnroc-; 
Jersey, the Chester White, the large improved York- 
shire, the Tamworth, the Essex, the Victoria, the 
Cheshire and the Hampshire. These are given in 
the order of the number of living animals reported 
in 1904. The Poland-Chinas are easily the first in 
number, as considerably over one hundred thousand 
of these were reported at the time mentioned. Next 
in number are the Berkshires with thirty thousand. 
Five of these breeds are of American origin; viz., 
the Poland-China, the Duroc-Jersey, the Chester 
White, the Victoria and the Cheshire. In color, 
three of these breeds are white, one black and one red, 
Considering the number of animals of the different 
colors, there are more of the black ones, or Poland- 
Chinas, than of all the other four breeds. The reds, 
or Duroc-Jerseys, come second, with probably more 
than the remaining three breeds. This last named 
breed has grown exceedingly in popularity within the 
last few years for reasons that will be discussed later. 

A good many classifications have been suggested. 
Probably three that have more meaning than the oth- 
ers are the ones based upon color, bacon producing 
qualities, and size. Under the first classification, 
we have the white breeds, such as the Chester White, 
the Yorkshires, the Victorias and the Cheshires ; the 
black breeds, such as the Poland-Chinas, the Berk- 
shires and the Essex, and the sandy or red breeds, 
such as the Duroc-Jerseys and Tamworths. Based 
on the bacon producing qualities, we have only two 
distinctive bacon breeds in the United States, the 
large improved Yorkshires and the Tamworths. The 
others would, in general, be considered as represen- 
tatives of the lard type. Under tne classification of 
size, we have the large, the medium and the small 
breeds. The large breeds are represented by the 
Chester Whites, the improved Yorkshires and the 
Tamworths; the medium breeds include the Poland- 
Chinas, the Berkshires the Duroc-.Jerseys, the Vic- 
torias and the Cheshires; the small breeds are repre 
sented by the Essex. These classifications, as will 
be seen at once, are purely arbitrary, and some of 
tl.em at least will have to be changed from time to 
time owing to the improvement and evolution that is 
fitill going on in some of the breeds. 

Taking the American breeds as a whole, im- 
provement has eliminated the coarseness of the ani- 
nal, producing a smooth, compact, early maturing 

animal, that has a large amount of fat as compared* 
with the lean meat. This last condition is due to- 
the fact that com has been used almost exclusively 
as a food for hogs. The improvement in this coun- 
try, as well as in England, of the different breeds of 
hogs has, in general, been effected by the crossing of" 
small rather refined breeds with those that were 
larger and coarse. In this way, a large amount of 
the coarseness has been eliminated and the constitu- 
tion anl stamina of the more refined breeds has been 
improved. This, to be sure, was only the beginning- 
or foundation work in improvement. After this, 
the improvement has been effected by judicious hand- 
ling and careful selection, together with rational 
breeding. This is probably especially true of the Po- 
lan-China and the Durcc-Jersey, as will be seen by 
what follows. 

The Poland-China, up to the year 1872, was known 
by a large variety of names, but at that time the pre- 
sent name was decided upon by the National Swine 
Breeders Convention. The foundation stock of the 
Poland-China was several mixed breeds. Warren 
and Butler Counties in Ohio seemed to be the most 
important centres from which this breed originated,, 
and it was from the hogs of mixed breedings, as not- 
ed above, with probably more or less crosses of sever- 
al distinctive kinds, that are known to have existed 
in these counties that this breed originated. In 1835 
a Berkshire cross was introduced, which gave them 
the black color, as well as greater activity and better 
form. The original hogs were rather rough, ill- 
formed animals, black and white in color, with large, 
pendulous ears. Although there have been no cross- 
es since 1845, the improvement in this breed has 
been very marked. This has been accomplished by 
careful selection and judicious handling. As they 
are distinctly a com belt type, we would expect to- 
find, as we know the case to be, that the meat has a 
very large proportion of fat. Early maturing is 
possessed by the breed in a marked degree and is one 
of its strong points. As with all the American 
breeds, no one person can be said to be the founder 
of the breed, but rather communities working togeth- 
er to produce an earliermaturing and more economical' 
hog, effected the improvement. One of the chief 
faults that has been urged against the Poland-China 
is that they are not prolific. Their breeding quali- 
ties have undoubtedly been injured by forced feed- 
ing for successive generations on com alone. Con- 
sidering them as a whole, the breeding qualities can 
only be said to be fair, yet by careful selection of the 
strain and by judicious handling, there is no ques- 
tion but that good breeders can be had. 




The Duroc-Jersey, is a much younger breed than 
the Poland-China, but from available data, it seems 
to stand next to them in numbers of the American 
'breeds. As noted before, they have grown wonder- 
fully in popularity in the last few years, probably 
■on account of the fact that they are good breeders, 
.-standing very high in this respect among the Ameri- 
•can breeds of hogs. The origin of this breed has 
"been attributed to the Tamworths, the red Berkshire, 
.and others, but they were most probably produced 
"by crossing of the Duroc and Jersey red. This cross 
is, to a certain extent, typical of the beginning of 
improvement of the majority of the breeds of hogs. 
■The Durocs of medium size and bone were crossed 
with the Jersey reds that are coarse in hair and bone 
and of large size. 

The Duroc-Jerseys are an active and hearty breed 
and seem to have good grazing and rustling qualities 
and will stand forcing well. They have not been 
subjected to the forced corn feeding through the num- 
ber of generations that the Poland-China has, and con- 
sequently have not been impaired in stamina and 
breeding qualities from that source. 

The Chester Whites are probably the oldest of 
American breeds. They were originated in Chester 
<30unty, Pennsylvania, from the white hogs found in 
that section. The breeding and improving of these 
hogs has been carried on in Ohio, as well as in their 
•native state, and has led to the name and association 
known as the Ohio Improved Chester. These are 
rather slower maturing hogs than the other two breeds 
mentioned, but of a larger size. The Chester Whites 
were, at one time, ratlier coarse, rough animals, but 
the improvement in this line has been marked. They 
have lost their coarseness, and are a smooth, sym- 
metrical breed. Their breeding qualities are good. 

The Cheshires and Victorias were originated in the 
iState of New York. However, the Victoria, as most 
•commonly recognized, seems to have originated in 
Indiana. These are comparatively local breeds, as 
they have not been distributed over but a limited 

We are all more or less familiar with the lard 
type of hogs, as illustrated by the representatives of 
the mediiim breeds. It might be well to call atten- 
tion just here to some of the characteristics of the 
bacon type. The head is rather lighter and of great- 
•er length, as is also the neck. They have good width 
•of back and gi-eat depth of body. They are rather 
higher from the ground than the other types of hogs, 
and they also have greater length. In other words, 
the bacon and hams are much better developed than 
with the lard type. These animals are prolific breed- 
^ers, and the progency show a considerable amoimt of 
heartiness and utilizes the food consumed to good 
.advantage in growth. In fact, in some of the experi- 
jments that have been conducted vdth the different 

breeds, they have made the most economical gaina 
of those tested in the experiment in question. 

This classification as to the bacon-producing quali- 
ties of the hogs, is the one that concerns us most at 
the present time. The demand in this country has 
been met by the production of such lard types as the 
Poland-China and the Duroc-Jersey, and the proba- 
bilities are that for placing hogs on the open market 
this type will continue to be the most profitable for 
sometime to come, but there has been a growing de- 
mand for a higher class of bacon and hams. There 
is no question but that there is a considerable opening 
for persons who wish to grow and pack their own meat 
in handling hogs of the bacon class. There are sec- 
tions of Virginia that are well adapted to growing 
the clovers and such leguminous grains as cowpeas 
and soybeans. Foods of this kind, that carry a large 
amoimt of protein, will certainly develop a larger 
amoimt of lean meat than foods high in carbohy- 
drates and low in protein, like corn. A breed of hogs 
that are noted for a large percentage of lean meat, 
grazed on such crops as these, will undoubtedly pro- 
duce a superior quality of bacon. In grazing experi- 
ments with cowpeas and soybeans, the writer has 
grown from three to five hundred pounds of pork per 
acre, and at the same time there has been an improve- 
ment in the producing quality of the land. We have 
outlined, at the Virginia Experiment Station, a series 
of experiments in the grazing of hogs on different 
crops. It seems that this will be one of the mos^" 
important phases of work that the Agricultural and 
Animal Husbandry Departments can undertake. It 
is hnrdly possible, in a large part of the State, to feed 
hogs in competition with the West, but by producing 
a different and superior quality of meat, we will not 
come in competition with the corn belt. At the same 
time a large amount of land can be made profitable 
and improved by the growing of leguminous crops. 

John R. Eain, 
Experiment Station, Blachshurg, Va. 


Editor Southern Planter : 

It is my good fortune to see agricultural and stock 
papers from various countries, but until recently I 
had not seen a copy of your most interestijig and valu- 
able Journal. Some kind friend has laid me undei 
a considerable obligation by mailing to me a copy, 
which I have read with much pleasure and profit. 
As some light return to you and your subscriljers, I 
will, if jow will permit me, trouble you with a few 
notes on the Large Yorkshire Hog, or, as it is called 
in Canada, The Improved Yorkshire. I feel that T 




am responsible, to a very great extent, for this last 
name, which, as given some twenty years since, was 
intended to distinguish the large white pig, as first 
shipped to Mr. William Davies, of Toronto, by me, 
from the so-called small Yorkshire in the Northern 
States, a pig which I believe is at the present time 
actually a cross of the two kinds of pigs which are call- 
ed in the old country, the Small White and the Mid- 
dle White. 

The improved, or bacon curer's type of the Large 
White Yorkshire was the outcome of a strong discus- 
sion in the stock papers, initiated some twenty-five 
or more years since by Messrs. Charles Harris & Co. 
and Messrs. Thomas Harris & Son, of Colne, Wilts, 
the most eminent bacon curers in the world. Prior 
to this time, I had exported large white pigs to Ham- 
burgh, Germany, whence, at that time, a consider- 
able quantity of bacon was exported to the British 
Isles. The change in the fiscal arrangements rend- 
ered the supply of raw material in the form of fat 
pigs, insufficient and of too high a value. Messrs. 
R. H. Thompson & Co. and Messrs. Koopman, remov- 
ed their bacon factories to Sweden, then a free trade 
country, and one from which large numbers of fat 
pigs had been shipped prior to the imposition of a 
heavy duty on meat imported into Germany. In turn, 
Sweden adopted a protectionist policy, and the bacon 
curers had again to seek fresh quarters, which they 
found in Denmark where great strides had recently 
been made in the dairying industry, and, as a matter 
of course, in the breeding and feeding of pigs. The 
Danes, with that keen perception which is one of 
their characteristics, speedily dscover^d that to make 
thebest of the dairy efforts, it was imperative that they 
should improve their hogs, and naturally came to Eng- 
land, since the pigs which I had sold to Germany and 
Sweden had given such great satisfaction to the jiig 
breeders and to the bacon curers. One of the mem- 
bers of the Srm of Messrs. Thompson & Co. came 
down to Holywell Manor and bought a number of 
large White Yorkshire boars and sows. Within two 
years of their shipment the bacon imported from Den- 
mark showed a marked improvement in form, sub- 
stance and quality. The agents in London very 
speedily impressed on Mr. William Davies the im- 
perative necessity of improving the Canadian pigs 
since the form of the hams and sides of bacon, as well 
as the amount of lean and absence of extreme fatness 
of the Danish sides completely eclipsed the Canadi- 
an product. 

Mr. Davies simply instructed his London agent to 
send out a number of Large White boars and sows, 
and the order was placed with me, since pigs of my 
breeding had been so successful in Denmark. The 

shipment was made in due coiirse, followed by a 
second to Mr. Davies ; then, as was natural, an Irish- 
man, Mr. Ormesby, located in Canada, paid a visit 
th Holywell and purchased a number of pigs from 
my herd, and took them over to Canada. He was quite 
successful with them on his o^^^l accoimt, and subse- 
quently on behalf of his chief, Mr. J. Greenshields, 
of Isaleigh Grange Farm, Danville, P. Q., Canada. 

The stock from these importations was spread over 
a good part of the province of Toronto, where there 
are still many of their descendants, as well as in the 
States. A considerable niiraber of Large WTiites 
have also been imported into the States direct from 
this country, as well as from Canada but these have 
not all been of the bacon type, many of them have 
been bred for mere size and are deficient in quality 
of bone, hair and meat, besides carrying their great- 
est value per poimd. The day of King Lard has 
hind quarters ; inf act their breeders have fallen into 
the grievous mistake of trying to produce the biggest 
and heaviest pig regardless of cost or its suitability 
for supplying the class of meat which will command 
the highest price, as fresh pork or as mild cured bac- 
on. Pig breeders in the States have long since dis- 
carded the idiotic idea that the biggest and heaviest 
])ig is the one most cheaply produced and of the great- 
est value per pound. The day of Kink Lard has 
passel, and King Bacon reigns supreme. 

Quite recently several Danes have paid a visit to 
Holywell Manor, and they declared more than once 
that after a quarter of a century's experience, no boar 
pig will beget pigs equal to the produce of the proper 
type of Large White Yorkshire, for the breeder, feed- 
er, curer and consumer. 

I sliall have wearied your readers, so will conclude. 
Yours, etc., 

Sandees Spencer. 

The writer of the foregoing article, Mr. Sanders 
Spencer, of Holywell Manor, St. Ives, England, is 
one of the oldest and most noted breeders of hogs in 
England, and his stock has always taken the highest 
]iremiums at the great Shows in that country. He 
may also be truly called the father of the Export trade 
in fine breeding hog stock from England. He has 
shipped hogs to almost every country in the world and 
he never ships any but the best, in fact he never keeps 
any but those of the purest breeding and finest types. 
We are gratified that he has favored us with the fore- 
going notes on Large Yorkshires, and beg to thank 
him for his complimentary remarks on The Planter. 




A typical large Yorkshire-Imported Holywell Golden Lad, Prop.2rty of Bowmont Farms, Salem, Va. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

To a large proportion of our hog raisers a "hog is 
a hog" regardless of the breed or type to which he 
may belong. Most farmers like a pig that will ma- 
ture the most quickly into a lump of fat, no matter 
how unfit for anything except the rendering vat. 
For many years our markets made no discrimination 
and often the fattest and heaviest made the highest 
prices. The cra^e for immense size and extreme 
fat has well nigh ruined four or five of the best breeds 
known to the American people. The habit of feeding 
for producing fat has so intensified this tend- 
ency to fat (oil) forming in our leading breeds, that 
it has not only simply destroyed the vahie of the car- 
cass from a bacon standpoint, but it has destroyed the 
fecundity of the breeds to such an extent that many 
are barren, and small litters are the rule now among 
those which continue to produce. 

A great change is being wrought. Our pr "kers 
are now looking for a hog that is fitted to fill .he 
meat tub instead of the lard can. Not a hog that i^ 
not capable of being fattened or ripened for the butch- 
ers block, or that is composed wholly of lean meat 
with no fat, biit one that is made up of a "streak of 
lean and a streak of fat," with the fat part composed 
of good hard meat that will cure into good hard bacon, 
instead of an oily mass, fit only for rendering into 
lard, and which, if converted into bacon, becomes 
rancid and unfit for use, except for soap grease. 

Already many progressive farmers and hog raisers 
throughout the United States and Canada are realiz- 
ing the importance of meeting this changed demand 
in our markets, and are introducing into their herds 
some of the "bacon breeds." 

Conspicuous among this class stands the Large 
Yorkshire. The Laree Yorkshire has lieen bred in 

Englandfor a hundredyears, with aview of producing 
lean meat instead of fat, and are known there as "The 
Bacon Breed." They were introduced into Canada 
twenty-five years ago and have revolutionized the 
hog business throughout the Dominion. The pack- 
ing house of Davies & Co., of Toronto, pays as high 
as $1.00 to $1.50 per 100 pounds more for Large 
Yorkshires than for other breeds. 

Ten years ago they were introduced into the United 
States, and wherever they have come in competition 
with other breeds, they have carried off a full share 
of the honors. The champion fat barrow at the 
World's Fair at St. Louis was a pure bred Large 

Prof. John A. Craig, Professor of Animal In- 
dustry at the Iowa Experiment Station made a test 
of various breeds lately. Writing in reference to 
this, he remarks : "We took all of oiir experiment 
hogs into Chicago, and I followed them right through 
the slaughter test there. In our results, I find that 
the Yorkshire has given the greatest gains on the least 

Swift & Co., Union Stock Yards, Chicago, HI. 
write: "Referring to the six-months-old Yorkshire 
bacon hog which took first prize in the dressed carcass 
contest at the recent International Live Stock Expo- 
sition (which hog was shown in the catalogue as 
499 1-2, Class III., and No. 14 in the killing eon- 
test), beg to say that it gives us great pleasure in writ- 
ing you to advise that the quality of themeat in this 
hog was far superior to that of any other hog in this 
class, among the exhibition hogs which we cut up this 
week. The lean meat seems to be of exceptionally fine 
grain and tender, while the fat is very white and un- 
usually firm and hard, in fact, the latter quality is 
developed to a most unusual degree. 

Note that Swift & Co. make mention nf the "firm 




and hard" quality of the fat meat, and Uiat it was 
■'developed to a most unusual degree." 

Large Yorkshires are white, extraordinarily long 
and very deep, affording the deep sides so much de- 
sired for breakfast bacon with the deep and full ham. 
Their length enables them to carry large litters, the 
sows frequently farrowing from ten to fourteen pigs 
at a litter, with ability to raise them all. They are 
of quiet, pleasant disposition, easily managed, and 
are excellent mothers. They mature early, weigh- 
ing from 160 to 250 pounds at six months, and if 
properly fed can be made to weigh over 400 pounds 
before they are twelve months old, and 600 tfl 800 
pounds at two years old. 

The Large Yorkshire asserts its individual char- 
acteristics when crossed even with objectionable types, 
giving to the progeny its own peculiar features, 
viz : — a lengthy, deep side, an abundance of lean meat 
and a thick belly. The breeding qualities of the 
Large Yorkshire are simply unexcelled, no breed of 
pigs equalls them in ability to breed frequently, reg- 
ularly and uninterruptedly ; they have no superior as 
nurses. The marked degree in which they transmit 
these respective qualities to the progeny will without 
doubt make them the "Hog of the Future." 

Roanoke Co., Va. A. M. Bowman. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

At the recent meeting of the Southern Cotton States 
Commissioners of Agriculture held in Richmond, the 
question of the extermination of the cattle tick was 
discussed in all its phases. A number of gentlemen 
have been at work on this problem for years past and 
have now demonstrated fully that it is possible to 
control and eradicate this pest which has held in check 
I he stock industries of the South for over a century. 
What this means to the farmer south of the quaran- 
ine line can hardly be appreciated unless one has 
made an expert study of the situation, but it is safe 
to say that no farmer who has ever been north of the 
quarantine line in Virginia would ever want to be 
put south of it again. 

According to the statements of Dr. Tait Butler, of 
North Carolina, who has made a very thorough and 
careful study of this problepi, the cattle tick entails 
a loss of $2,500.00 a year to every county south of 
the quarantine line that sells as much as $15,000.00 
worth of cattle, and many of them sell more. There 
are something like 20 counties in Virginia south of 

this line, so that they are paying an annual tax to 
the cattle tick of at least $50,000.00 a year. In 
North Carolina, twelve counties have been practically 
freed from the tick in the last four years at a cost 
of about $15,000.00. and it is now confidently believ- 
ed that twenty additional counties can be taken out 
I if the quarantine in the next three or four years, 
at the same proportional cost. 

The evidence in hand, therefore, demonstrates fully 
that Virginia should be rid of this pest, and that it 
can be rid of it at a comparatively small cost to the 
immense benefit of all the region now south of the 
quarantine line. These facts are surely worthy of 
consideration, for should the North Carolina people 
succeed in freeing their State of the cattle tick, the 
line would pass around and behind Virginia and the 
chances are that we would be regarded as an obsta- 
cle to progress, and much of the territory now outside 
of the area might again be thrown into quarantine, 
which would indeed be a calamity to our live stock 
interests. It behoves us, as Virginia farmers and 
land owners, to wake up to the present situation and 
rid ourselves of this nuisance. It was further shown 
that there are a number of counties below the quaran- 
tine line where the infection is but slight, and through 
tlie appointment of local inspectors and the co-opera- 
tion of the people, with a small appropriation from 
the State, the pest could be stamped out in the course 
of a year or two, and the advantages to be gained 
thereby are so manifest that it does not seem possible 
that the farmers in these tick infested counties would 
be willing to pay a tax of $2,500.00 a year on a mod- 
erate estimate, and remain south of the line when they 
'•an be freed from the tick if they get together and 
]iursue a systematic course looking towards its exter- 

At the recent convention, a suggestion was made 
relative to the position of the Virginia Experiment 
Station on this question. Permit me to say that the 
Virginia Station is thoroughly in sympathy with the 
movement and doing all in its power to assist the 
farmers of Virginia to rid themselves of this pest. 
At the same time, it should be distinctly understood 
that the Station has not the power nor the funds 
available for this work. The State Department of 
Agi'icTilture of North Carolina has seen fit to deal 
liberally with this matter and has appropriated funds 
for this purpose, and the facts available show that 
it has been a highly profitable investment. If Vir- 
ginia could only saj to the world that she is absolute- 
ly free of the tick, our live stock industries would in- 
crease apace, because we could ship our choicest and 




best animals into the regions which are now infested 
with impunity, and whole areas of land that are cul- 
tivated in cotton, tobacco and other ehausting crops, 
would be brought under the influence of stock farm- 
ing, and grass would take the place of the washed hill 
sides, and a great industry could be developed in a 
section of the State where, owing to the presence of 
the tick, little progress has been made for over a cen- 
tiiry. This is not over-drawing the picture as it 
stands to-day, nor painting the future too vividly, but 
is a common-sense view of the situation, and one that 
the writer believes should be earnestly called to the 
attention of the people that the question may be suffi- 
ciently agitated to insure legislative action being tak 
^n in the immediate future to banish this dangerous 
pest once and for all, from the borders of this State. 

The recent convention passed resolutions petition- 
ing Congress for an appropriation of half a million 
of dollars with which to carry on the work, looking to 
the e.xtermination of the pest. This money, if appro- 
priated will be placed at the disposal of the Bureau 
of Animal Industry, and will be spent in connection 
with the Stations located in the Southern States where 
some funds have been appropriated by the State for 
the work of the tick extermination. Shall this golden 
opportunity be lost, or, are we sufficiently aroused to 
the importance of this question to take hold of it and 
rid the State of a pest that is a permanent barrier to 
progress, the cause of a direct financial loss annually 
of at least $50,000.00, and an obstacle to free trade 
within the borders of the State ? 

Andeew M. Sottle, 
Dean and Director. 

Virginia Experiment Station. 

At the convention, Dr. Stubbs and other gentlemen 
urged the passage of a resolution calling upon the 
Commissioners of Agriculture to take steps to urge 
the passage of a "no fence" law in each of the South- 
em States, but several of the Commissioners objected 
to this duty being cast on them, as they had not back 
bone enough to fight for the law although all knew 
and admitted its efficacy. The Commissioner of 
Virginia was one of these. A striking example of 
the evil results of popular election of executive > 
cers. — Ed. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

The four principal breeds of beef cattle found in 
the South are the Shorthorn, Hereford, Aberdeen 
Angus, and Galloway. Of these breeds, the Short- 

horns have the widest dissemination,, the Herefords 
come second, and the Aberdeen Angus and Gallo- 
ways in the order named. The Red Polls, one of the 
so-called dual or general purpose breeds, are also 
well and favorably kno^vn and have a wide distribu- 
tion. Devon cattle are favorites in some sections, 
but their distribution is not at all general, though 
they are probably a breed not appreciated as miich 
as they ought to be in sections where pastures yield 
only moderately well and are therefore best adapt- 
ed to a comparatively small and rustling type of 

It is certainly encouraging to know that all the 
leading beef breeds can be maintained with satis- 
faction and success in Virginia, as it allows the 
widest possible choice in the introduction and utili- 
zation of pure-bred sires, the need of which, in spite 
of the progress made in the last quarter of a century, 
is still everywhere apparent. Strange as it may seem, 
comparatively little is known about the origin and 
history of the various pure breeds and still less about 
their special qualites. This is an exceedingly diffi- 
cult, and in some respects a dangerous subject to dis- 
cuss, for the promoters of every breed regard their 
animals as living models of perfection and sometimes 
resent even a. kindly criticism. It is not the object 
of this paper to further the interests of any breeds, 
but rather to place before the readers of this paper 
some of the facts with reference to these several 
types of cattle, and to discuss their merits without 
bias in so far as it is possible to do so. This can 
probably best be done by taking up the several breeds 
in the order in which they have been named. 

The Shorthorns, or Durhams, as they are often 
called, like all our breeds of beef cattle, originated 
in Great Britian. The foimdation stock consisted 
of a general admixture of the native cattle of Great 
Britain with those brought in by the Saxons, Danes, 
and Normans, and it was not surprising that a breed 
of marked excellence should be developed in the rich 
grazing lands along the valley of the river Tees in 
in the northern part of Great Britain. For two cen- 
turies and more this section of the country had been 
noted for the excellence of the animals produced 
therein, their fine milking qualities and their re- 
markable fattening propensities. The systematic 
development of this breed was undertaken by Colling 
Brothers, of Kenton, about 1780, and was followed 
up by Thomas Bates, who developed the celebrated 
Princess, Duchess and Oxford families. Booth was 
also a famous breeder of Shorthorns, and, together 
with Amos Cruickshanks, of Scotland, developed cer- 
tain well known strains of the breed which are still 
regarded with favor. 

It is little wonder that Shorthorns have been fa- 
vorites in Virginia and in many sections of the South, 
for they were among the first pure-bred cattle of the 




beef breeds imported into this State. From their 
earliest introduction, they seem to have taken kindly 
to climatic and soil conditions, and so their distribn- 

Regnald. A 

Cowan of Virginia. 

tion was very rapid, and naturally they have fur- 
nished the foundation for the general improvement 
of our American live stock, and Southern grades 
are more commonly found to-day than those of any 
other breed. There are at least a half-million pure- 
bred Shorthorns in the United States and Canada, 
and this, of itseK speaks more eloquently than words 
of the excellent qualities of this well-known breed. 
Shorthorns are especially to be commended for their 
remarkable adaptability to a great variety of soil 
and climatic conditions. They are a hardy, vigo- 
rous breed, doing especially well on arable- lands, 
but giving a good account of themselves on undulat- 
ing pastures, and even under conditions where rust- 
ling is a necessity. In weight and size, they are 
probably a little larger than any of the other breeds, 
and in maturing qualities, they are equal, if not 
superior to any. They finish nicely and give a 
smooth, even carcass, which is highly appreciated by 
both buyers and packers. As grazers, they are proba- 
bly not quite equal to the Herefords, especialy when 
on forced feed, as their heavy frames make them 
somewhat sluggish, but, under ordinary conditions, 
as found in the South, they graze and finish remark- 
ably well on pastures alone, constituting by far the 
greater part of the animals which are finished on 
grass in Virginia as export steers. The meat pro- 
duced by this breed is of a superior quality and the 
proportion of waste is comparatively small, but it is 
possible that the fat and the lean are not quite so 
well inter-mixed as in the case of some other breeds. 
The Shorthorn was favorably known for milk pro- 

duction at one time, but in the mad struggle to devel- 
op animals of superior quality for beef making, the 
milk-giving fimction has been seriously impaired, 
except in a few remote cases. Some effort's are now 
being made to overcome this diificulty, and if the 
work is pursued systematically, success will surely 
be achieved. For crossing and grading on the native 
stocks no breed excels the Shorthorn, and it is for 
this reason that it has become such a general favor- 
ite. This breed, owing to its size and weight, will 
give its best results on the rich pastures of the /Appa- 
lachian region, and probably will not succeed as well 
in the low countries as some of the more active breeds 
like the Herefords, and lighter, general purpose type 
of animal like the Red Poll and Devon. The Short- 
horns are a remarkable compact breed with a rectan- 
gular conformation and a deep, symmetrical out- 
line of body, with a graceful carriage. The stand- 
ard colors are red, white and roan, though an ad- 
mixture of them is equally permissible. 

A. Shorthorn Matron. Property of Virginia Experiment 

Hereford cattle, the closest rivals of the Short- 
horns for public favor, are an old breed, their ances- 
try dating back more than 300 years. These cattle 
have long been kno'wn for their excellent grazing and 
l>eef-making properties, and their early improvement 
was largely due to the efforts of Benjamin Tomp- 
kins. They early made an enviable record as prize 
winners at the famous Smithfield Fat Stock Show 
held in London. They were early imported into the 
United States and Canada and now have a very 
wide distribution in this country as well as in a num- 
ber of foreign countries. There are certainly more 
than 100,000 pure-bred Herefords in the United 
States at the present time. In popularity they would 
come second only to the Shorthorns, though in some 
sections, particularly on the ranges of the South- 




west, they have come to be recognized as the leading 
breed, during recent years. They are favorites be- 
cause they adapt themselves so readily to changes of 
soil and climate, though in this respect they are not 
superior to the Shorthorns, but for grazing purposes 
on scant pastures, they are unexcelled. 

They are practically equal, in size and weight, to 
the Shorthorns, and in maturing and fattening quali- 
ties, are fully equal. The quality of meat is very 
fine and the amount of bone relatively small. These 
animals dress out well and the meat is beautifully 
marbled, which is an important consideration to the 
packer and consumer as well. In milking quali- 
ties, they are, if anything, iiot equal to the Shorthorns, 
and certainly not superior. They have done remark- 
ably well when crossed on the native stocks of the 
Southwestern States, and have shown themselves to 
be remarkably prepotent. They could thus be used 
to advantage for the improvement of the live stock 
throughout the Gulf States, provided they are proper- 
ly immuned. In this section of the country, they 
could probably be used more advantageously than the 
Shorthorns, owing to their better rustling qualities. 
On the other hand, they do not seem to be quite so 
well adapted to the uplands of the Appalachian re- 
gion where the Shorthorn is still a prime favorite 
with breeders and feeders alike. 

not quite so blocky as a well developed type of the 
Shorthorn. In recent years, the length of the leg 
has been shortened, and they often now stand some- 
what closer to the ground than the Shorthorns. This 
breed can be used to advantage over large areas of the 
South for the permanent improvement of the live 
stock, and the introduction and utilization of pure- 
bred Hereford sires would effect marvellous changes 
in the quality of animals sent out from a district in 
a short time, and the only regret to be expressed on 
this occasion is that the excellent qualities of pure- 
bred sires of the beef breed is not more generally ap- 

Hereford Matron, Property of Virginia 


The Herefords are a remarkably picturesque breed, 
owing to their striking color markings. Their face, 
throat, chest, legs, lower part of the body, crest and 
tip of tail, are a beautiful white, and all the other 
parts are red. The horns of the breed have a much 
wider sweep than is the case with the Shorthorns, 
but they are not large enough to give the appearance 
of coarseness. In conformation, they are rectan- 
gular and compact, with smoothness of outline, but 

An Aberdeen Angus Matron, Uroperty of Virginia Ex- 
periment Station. 

The Aberdeen Angus cattle originated in Scot- 
land, and, though an old breed, their improvement 
has come during more recent years. This breed of 
cattle is favorably known in many sections of the 
country and they are prime favorites with those who 
have had an opportunity to test their qualities under 
practical conditions. There are probably not more 
than half as many Aberdeen Angus in the United 
States as there are Herefords, and probably not more 
than one-tenth as many as Shorthorns. This breed 
is well adapted for use in temperate climates, though 
not so well suited for range conditions as either the 
Herefords or Shorthorns, but they do well on rich, 
arable pastures. They are about the same size as the 
Shorthorns and Herefords, and, in maturing quali- 
ties, and at least equal to these breeds, and in some re- 
spects are superior. They fatten in the stall remark- 
ably well, putting on flesh evenly, and owing to their 
uniform conformation and jet black color, they pre- 
sent a peculiarly attractive appearance in the show 
ring and the feed lot. They are justly celebrated 
for the fine blending of the fat and lean and for the 
fine quality of meat which they yield. Their milk- 
ing qualities, like those of other beef breeds, are not 




at all remarkable, and while they have given satis- 
faction when used for crossing and grading, they are 
not regarded by many with as much favor as either 
the Shorthorn or Hereford sire. They are a very 
prepotent breed, however, a large percentage of the 
progeny being black or gray in color, and they are 
excellent breeders. 

In general ajjpearance, they are low-set and stur- 
dy, black in color and hornless. The body is much 
more cylindrical than that of the Shorthorn, and they 
present a very smooth and even conformation. This 
breed has been introduced in several sections of the 
South and has proven a favorite wherever it has be- 
come well known. There is room for its dissemina- 
tion in several sections, and, owing to its many ex- 
cellent qualities, it is to be hoped that it will make 
rapid progress and be favorod in tlie next few years. 

The "Three Graces.' 

A Hereford, An Angus and a Short- 

The Galloway is the least known of any of the 
principal beef breeds found in the South. They ori- 
ginated in Scotland and are celebrated for their 
vigorous constitutions incident to their being raised 
in the cold, forbidding climate prevailing in sections 
of Scotland to which they are native. 

While this is a very old breed, its systematic im- 
provement was commenced much later than that of 
the other breeds mentioned. They have thus not been 
tested under a great variety of conditions to which 
the Herefords and Shorthorns have been subjected. 
They are growing rapidly in popularity and have 
made an excellent record for themselves at the In- 
ternational Live Stock Exposition in Chigago. They 
are undoubtedly the hardiest of the British breeds, 
with the possible exception of the West Highland 
cattle, and they do well in the ranges, both of the 
Western States and the Canadian Northwest. In 
r)it€ of their being reared in such a cold climate. 

they seem to have given a good account of themselves 
wherever introduced in the South, but they have 
probably not had a wide enough distribution yet to 
fully determine their relative merits as a beef breed 
for this section of the country as compared with the 
older, more generally known and well-established 

The Galloways are not quite so large as the Short- 
horns, and possibly do not mature qnite as quickly. 
Their gi-azing qualities are of a very high order, and 
they are capable of standing rough treatment and do 
well on rugged pastures. Owing to their thicks coats, 
they might be better adapted to the uplands of the 
Appalachian region than one might at first think, 
because the cold of our winters is often not so trying 
ns that resulting from dampness incident to the fre- 
quent rains of the winter season. In some sections 
of the far South, where these cattle have been intro- 
duced, they are favorites, because of the fact that 
their thick coats protect them to some extent from 
the flies which torinent the thinner skinned and short- 
er haired animals. They are celebrated for the fine 
quality of the meat which they yield, biit their 
milking qualities are not good. Wherever iised for 
crossing and grading on native stock, they have given 
great satisfaction, owing to heir remarkable prepo- 
tency. They are also good breeders and their hides 
are particularly valuable for the manufacture of 
robes. The hide would probably lose some of its 
fine qualities in this respect raised in the South, ow- 
ing to the warm nature of our climate. Compared 
with the Shorthorns, this breed is undoubtedly hardi- 
er and grazes to better advantage and yields a finer 
quality of meat, but they are not so widely known, 
and it is doubtful if their distribution will ever be- 
come as general as that of the Shorthorn. 

The Red Polls, which are known as one of the 
general or dual-purpose types of cattle, and well 
adapted for both meat and milk production, originat- 
ed in Norfolk and Suffolk counties in England. They 
are a somewhat cosmopolitan breed, and their im- 
provement has been brought aboiit through a rigorous 
selection and breeding to a definite standard. There 
is evidence for the statement that the Red Polls 
were introduced into Virginia at least two centiiries 
ago, but they made comparatively little progress 
until within recent years. While they are found 
now in nearly all of the States, there are probably 
not more than 20,000 or 25,000 pure-breds in the 
country, but this is not surprising, as the breed is 
a comparatively young one and they have made rap- 
id progress in popular favor since their introduction. 
This breed is well adapted for maintenance on pastr 
ures of moderate fertility and on undulating soil, 
and they seem to do well in our Southern climate. 

In size, they are smaller than the Shorthorns, 




Champion Red Poll at English Royal Show. 

though their milking qualities are vastly superior 
to the majority of the cows of that breed. Good 
Red Poll cows will often yield from 5,000 to 8,000 
pounds of milk a year and they drop calves that make 
excellent beef animals, maturing early and fattening 
well. Red Pool sires cross well on the common 
stocks and improve them both in form and utility. 
This is a very important matter because the sires, 
being of moderate size and not so hard to maintain in 
good condition as some of the heavier breeds, and in 
sections where grass is not abundant and substitute 
crops have to be used, they can often be maintained to 
good advantage. The well known milking quali- 
ties of this breed are worthy of consideration because 
dairy products command a high price in the South, 
and an animal that is useful for both dairy and beef 
production can often be utilized to great advantage. 
One of the weak points of this breed is a lack of uni- 
formity that is, the difficulty of breeding an animal 
of a uniform type where two objects are in view; 
namely, meat and milk. If Red Poll breeders would 
establish a standard for their cattle, this difficulty 
would probably disappear. 

Devon cattle, another one of the dual-purposf? 
breeds, are found in sections of the South, though 
they are not at all widely known. They originated 
in Britain and have been long and favorably known 
in that country for both meat and milk production. 
They were imported into the United States nearly a 
century ago, but did not seem to make much progress 
for many years. An interest has been revived in 

the Devon in some sections, particularly where an 
animal is desired of a type that will yield an abun- 
dant supply of milk and produce calves that make 
good veals or steers that fatten or mature to much bet- 
ter advantage than those obtained from the high- 
grade Jersey. The principal objection to the use of 
the Devon in sections where rich pastures are abun- 
dant, is due to their size, but in places where grass 
is hard to obtain and substitute crops must be uti- 
lized, or where the country is hilly and broken and 
excellent rustling qualities are at a premium, the 
Devon will become a favorite once its good qualities 
are duly appreciated. Devons also do well in warm 

In size, they are about equal to the Red Polls, 
though somewhat smaller than the princnpal beef 
^breeds. They are excellent milkers, both as to quali- 
ty and quantity, and they graze under the conditions 
already mentioned to good advantage. They feed 
well in the stall and put on flesh evenly and the 
quality of the meat is fine. It is a very prepotent breed 
and the sires can be used to advantage for the im- 
provement of our common stocks. This breed of 
eattle has a place in certain sections of the South 
which no other breed can fill, anod it is too bad that its 
good qualities for certain conditions are not more 
generally known and appreciated. 

The foregoing is a very brief summary of some 
of the leading characteristics and desirable quali- 
ties of the principal beef breeds. While all of these 
breeds have their peculiar characteristics and their 




strong and weak points, it is interesting to know that 
they all have a place and can be used to advantage 
imder given conditions for the improvement of the 
cattle on our Southern farms and ranges. Much an- 
noyance and loss have often been suffered by breeders 
through the purchase and utilization of animals not 
well adapted to the environment to which they were 
introduced, and it will often pay those intending to 
purchase sires to go slow and ascertain the qualities 
and characteristics of a particular breed before at- 
tempting to introduce it into a new section of the 
country. The standard breeds should be given first 
consideration and those not so widely distributed, or 
eo well known, introduced with caution. 

The so-called general purpose cow .has a place on 
many Southern farms where neither dairying nor 
beef production can be made a specialty, and if such 
animals were introduced and properly cared for, the 
revenue of many farmers could undoubtedly be increas- 
ed, and a welcome addition made to the supplies of 
Southern dairy produce, and a decided increase ob- 
tained in both the quality and quantity of beef now 

While it is too early to forecast the future, the time 
will undoubtedly come when breef breeds, having 
epecial qualities and adapted to our peculiar soil and| 
climatic conditions, will be developed in this country. 
The best evidence of this is found in the numerous 
breeds of cattle, sheep and swine which have been de- 
veloped in Great Britain, a country not as large as 
the State of Texas, which constitutes but one section 
of the great new South. The question of introduc- 
ing a breed, therefore, while a matter of importance, 
is not of so much concern to otir farmers as an in- 
telligent selection and management of animals intro- 
duced, so as to adapt them to the peculiar conditions 
under which they are to be maintained. 

Andrew M. Sotjle, 
Dean and Director. 

Virginia Experiment Station. 


Having now been breeding and keeping Berkshires 
for many years, and having carefully watched and 
compared them with other breeds of hogs kept in 
the South, I am strongly of the opinion that no oth- 
er hog meets the needs of Southern farmers so well 
as the Berkshire. 

To make hog breeding and feeding a success in the 
South, and to compete with the Western man in the 
markets, we must have a hog that can stand our hot 
weather and can make growth and fat on grazing 
crops like cowpeas, soy lieans, crimson and red clov- 
er. With corn selling as it usually does in the South 
rt 50 cents and over per bushel, we cannot afford to 

shovel it out to the hogs like the Western man can 
and does where it is often not capable of being sold 
at more than 15 or 20 cents per bushel. We must 
have a hog that can hustle around in the field and eat 
and get growth and fat on crops that only cost us 
about a dollar an acre for the seed to raise them, and 
from 50 cents to $1.00 an acre for the labor involved 
in seeding and gi-owing the crop. We can raise cow- 
peas and soy beans at this cost, and on these crops 
can make 500 pounds of pork to the acre. These 
crops, when thus utilized, are not only profitable, in 
themselves, but are essential in the South to raise 
and maintain the fertility of our lands. When these 
can also be supplemented by other forage crops for 
winter feeding, like crimson clover and Artichokes, 
and for summer and fall feeding with sorghum, 
peanuts, sweet potatoes and chufas, we can, with the 
proper hog, make meat cheaper than any other sec- 
tion of this country. The Berkshire hog meets our 
needs exactly. His black skin enables him to with- 
stand our hot summer sun witliout being scorched or 
liurnt, and his active rustling habits makes him tho- 
roughly contented when turned into a field of any 
of these crops, and, as a consequence of this contented 
frame of mind, he puts on growth and fat at the very 
lowest cost. He is a healthy precocious hog, grows 
rapidly and can be made ready for the market at 
any time from six months old. IPigs from six to nine 
months old will easily make 175 to 200 pounds in 
weight, and hogs of this weight are what our South- 
ern markets call for and pay the best price for. The 
Berkshire sow is a prolific producer of pigs and al- 
most invariably a good mother with a large supply 
of milk, and this on a grazing diet of cowpeas and 
other forage crops. The young pigs are active rust- 
lers from birth and are soon able to look after their 
own welfare, and suffer little from the diseases to 
which many other pigs are liable. This is largely to 
\ye attributed to the fact that the Berkshires have 
never been an exclusively corn-fed breed, b\it havelarge- 
ly been raised in the South, from their first introduc- 
tion, on crops rich in protein like the peans, beans 
and clovers. These crops make muscle and solid 
flesh, and not oily fat like com and the other carbo- 
liydrate crops. This system of feeding has made the 
BerksJiire a hog of wonderful good stamina and 
health, and this largely accounts for the popularity 
of the breed in the South, where it undoubtedly takes 
the lead in numbers, either purely bred or of high 
grade breeding. 

Experience has shown that the Berkshire Boar 
makes the very best cross upon the common hogs of 
the South, and largely impresses upon the progeny 
his good qualities. A second or third cross will 
result in pigs having almost all the good qualities 
of the pure-bred Berkshire with wonderful stamina 
and ability to hustle for a living, and able to make 




profitable use of any food they can find in the field 
or forest. 

Taken all in all, I believe the Berkshire the very 
best hog for the Southern farmer as a living ani- 
mal, and a? cured meat, no finer bacon or hams ever 
come on anv man's table. 

T. O. Sandy. 

Nottoway Co., Ta. 


•■Old Thunderbolt.' 

One of Edgewood's famous Dorset 

hymn and sing, Dixie Land grows wool and cotton. 
The South, except Virginia, Kentucky and Tennes- 
see, has turned its back upon the golden hoofs, has 
allowed her flock to dwindle to almost nothing, has 
neglected such flocks as she does possess, and has no 
plan or policy for the future. 

We will discuss the question under certain heads, 
for this paper will be much like a sermon to the read- 
ers of the Southern Planter. 

1, Why do we want sheep in the South ? No form 
of livestock can turn feed into money so quickly. 
You own a bunch of ewes that cost you $4 per head. 
These ewes are bred for early lambs. They lamb 
down in January. On the first of May you have a 
bunch of lambs ready for market at cost of not over 
fifty cents per head in grain and fifty cents in pasture 
and hay. In three months your lambs are on the 
market at 6 cents per pound. At seventy-five pounds, 
you get $4.50 per head for your lambs, which is about 
$3.50 clear money per head, for the fleeces on your 
ewes, if they are good ones and the proceeds from 
the 10% surplus of lambs will come close to paying 
for the wintering of the ewes, if you are not too par- 
ticular in charging up pasture which would otherwise 
go to waste in the fields. Your $4 ewes have yielded 
over 75% on the original investment and under 
proper care you have not lost over 5% of your ewe 
flock and are ready for another year's business. 

Now this is no farmer's dream. I can refer you 
to several men in Virginia who have done better than 
this during the past year. In what other way can 
you secure such profits? Aj-ise, "speak now, or 
for evermore hold your peace". 

Editor Southern Planters 

We sing, "Dixie Land is the land o' icotton", and 
when we sing it we have told of that which is dearest 
to the Southern farmer's heart. The South is the 
greatest cotton center in the world. Her climate, her 
soil and her laborers know well how to clothe her fields 
in the snowy raiment of this staple crop. Southern 
farmers love to grow cotton when it pays, because it 
is the best and most attractive way of making a liv- 
ing. They love to grow it when it doesn't pay be- 
cause they know how to do this best. The plantation 
"nigger" can do nothing as he can "chop cotton". 
This comes natural to him. Thus the Southern 
farmer has made a specialty of cotton, and specializa- 
tion is not the law of agriculture. Diversity, Divers- 
ity, saith the preacher, all is diversity in Agriculture. 
It not my purpose to show how diversity of crops in 
the South must be followed : I think this doctrine is 
well established in the minds of the up-to-date farm- 
ers. I want to enter a plea for livestock culture and, 
especially, for the upbuilding of the sheep industry. 
I wish we might change that first line of our martial 

1st Prize Shropshire at Royal Show, England. 

You can't do it with corn, or wheat or cotton. You 
ask if it can be done all through the South. No, not 
now, for reasons that will appear later, but it is_ worth 
working for. If farmers in Virginia can do it why 
not farmers in Georgia? If farmers in Kentucky 
can do it, why not farmers in Alabama ? There may 
be reasons now, but let me say that if there are rea- 


THE souther:n" planter. 


sons in the future the whole fault may be yours, 
brother farmer. If I have given you a true story, 
is not the foot of the sheep a golden hoof ? Again we 
want sheep in the South because our lands are run 
ninf down and no animals on earth can reclaim lands 
like sheep. Sheep choose the high, dry places to lie 
on at night There they leave their droppings, that 
pound for pound is worth more than any plant food 
on earth. These very high places are the poorest, 
worst washed, barest places. Don't you see then what 
a flock of sheep will do ? They will during the day 
gather the grass in the valleys and hollows, where it 
grows luxuriantly from the plant food washed off 
the hills and every night they carry it backto the hills 
whence it came. I was once walking over a farm with 
a man who remarked that he never saw such a sod on 
hills as he saw on this farm. Kicking over a pile of 
sheep droppings that lay in a clump of dark green 
blue grass, I said, "Here is the secret." iSTothing 
equal to sheep for reclaiming land. I have heard cattle 
men assert that sheep destroy sod. I wouldn't take 
the time to refute this. I simply refer such doiibt- 
ing Thomases to England, where I have seen twenty 

iiise wooled shpeii fiom ; 
to thrive in Georgia. 

sheep to the acre grazing over a sod that would put 
our best Kentucky sods to shame. Again we want 
sheep to clean up these weeds that are crowding every- 
thing else out. Sheep wei'e not made to live on weeds, 
but with every meal they will take a goodly supply as 
a sort of desert. I watched a lamb one after noon for 
one hour and in that hour I listed sixteen different 
kinds of weeds that I saw her bite off. The heads of 
^x-eye, ragweed and carrot that she ate in this hour 
">tild certainly have run up close to one hundred. 


I saw an interesting thing a few years ago. I had 
just walked across a field that was pastured with 
sheep. I noticed that weeds were almost rare in that 

A Southdown. Property of the King of England. 

field. I came to a wire fence that separated this 
field from a cattle pasture. Just over that fence and 
right up to the wire weeds had run riot. It was a 
sight. The cattle had mowed off patches in the early 
season and confined their grazing to these mowed 
patches. Two-thirds of the field had gro^^^l up in 
weeds and the grass in these untouched patches was 
choked out and absolutely useless. The man thought 
he was grazing one steer on two acres. As a matter of 
fact, he was grazing one steer on less than an acre. 
Two-thirds of his pasture had gone to waste. This 
explains the fact that large boimdaries are to-day 
fattening hardly half the number of cattle that they 
fattened years ago. There are some exceptions to 
this, for on some farms the weeds have not yet gotten 
complete possession, but they will do to watch. Sheep 
will help you in the fight. Is not the foot of the sheep 
the foot of gold to the farmer? 

2. The great advantages that the South possesses 
for sheep husbandry. — In the winter-botmd !J7orth 
expensive shec]) barns must be constnictcd to protect 
the sheep from the rigors of the cold and wind. The 
cold rains make it necessary to provide good shelter 
and the outlay is considerable. During the winter 
months the sheep can find nothing to eat in the fields 
fortwo or threemonths. IN^o greenfood canendurethe 
cold. Wheat fields and rye fields are useless from 
December to March. Bluegrass is dry and worthless 
''nd tlie filling of the sheep's stomachs with this un- 
nutrious sttiff is simply cheating the poor animals out 
of a living. In the balmy South there is not much 
winter for sheep. In fact, the sheep must feel that 
their overcoats are not needed. Just here it may be 
well to consider whether the heaviest fleeced breeds 
are best suited to our conditions. Some form of green 
food can be kept in the fields nearly all winter. 





Some grasses never lose their nutriment In Georgia 
at an elevation of 1000 feet, blue grass and orchard 
grass are often green in every month of the year., 
Where could winter lambs be raised with less trouble 
and greater profits ? Does it not seem a little pecii- 
liar that this industry is imknown in the South. I 
never knew but one man in the far South who tried it 
and he did not know anything about it and failed at 
it. This was no proof that it could not be done. 
Already the farmers in Virginia are thinking along 
these lines and not a few made big money last year 
on winter lambs, but even in Virginia it has not pros- 
pered. Men have not taken hold of it right. There 
are wonderfi:l profits in it. In the South it takes 
small equipment for this branch of sheep husbandry. 
A great variety of foods can be grown in the South 
for sheep and sheep love variety in their food. Then 
there are so many acres that are lying almost useless 
that can not be used for any other purpose. Why 
could these not be turned into sheep ranges. Thou- 
sands of sheep graze on worse pastures in the stormy, 
uninviting Northwest. 

3, The difficulties that face the Southern farmer in 
sheep husbandry. — Long since I have given up the 
idea that difficulties are without value in the develop- 
ment of great things whether it be in character, in 
achievement, or in commercial progress. I am rather 
doubtful whether or not any one has ever achieved the 
highest siiccess who has not met and overcome diffi- 
culties. No one can be a perfect master of any situa- 
tion without a thorough study of all conditions and 
mastery of all the details. It takes difficulties to ac- 
complish this. 

Now, there are some very serious difficulties that 
face any man who would start in the sheep business 
on a large scale in the South. 

I will not hesitate to name those that occur to me. 
It is well to look the matter squarely in the face be- 
fore you start. 

Lack of pasture is the first thing that is a stumb- 
ling block in the way of the sheep farmer. This 
is very general over the States to the south of Tennes- 
see. You may ask if there are grasses of value for 
pastures in the Southern States. Yes; there are a 
variety of grasses and iiseful grasses, but most of 
these grasses have short seasons, some in spring, 
some in summer, some in fall, and no fonn of rota- 
tion has been devised that will maintain a permanent 
pasture throughout the year. Berm\;da is a fine 
grass for summer, but a pasture of Bermuda must be 
broken up and worked every two or three years, as 
it gets hide bound and stops growing. Meadow oat 
gi'ass grows in clumps, but can be made to furnish 
many a mouthful of feed in old pasture fields. Tex- 
as blue grass is a rather coarse grass and delights in 
moist places, but will come on very early in the spring 

on good land and has its place. Lespedeza and 
white clover are found growing on very thin lands 
over most of the Southern States. Crabgrass is not 
a bit to be sniffed at during the close of the summer, 
but passes away with the first frost. Many wild 
plants of the pea family, such as mellilotus, beggar 
weed, and common vetch, furnish good range in many 
of the open uplands in the South. In Florida, the 
beggar weed furnishes hay of no mean quality. 
Johnson grass, which is to be kept out of arable 
lands, will gi-ow up in wonderful luxuriance and fur- 
nish a rather mediocre, but abundant hay, as well 
as some grazing. Even broom sedge is not bad past- 
ure during the early spring months. (I would ad- 
vise no one to propagate either of the last. If they 
force themselves upon you, make the most of them 
and strive to keep them within their bounds.) The 
clover may be grown with some success very general- 
ly, but it often requires careful preparation of the 
land and considerable enrichment with an application 
of lime. Alfalfa will grow in many sections after 
you have gotten on to its ways, which may often 
seem "dark and peculiar" to the novice. Orchard 
grass and Red Top (herd's grass) have been used 
with some success. The former promises to be a 
great boon to Southern farmers. Sow it every chance 
you get and continue to sow it, as it dies out. It 
lasts practically all the year and will furnish green 
food for sheep at all times of the winter. I under- 
stand that it will not grow at all in certain sections, 
where it is very sandy, but I have seen it widely 
scattered through every State of the South. 

In the coastal belt, wire grass is the grass, and 
where wire grass finds hospitable conditions, the 
other grasses are rarely seen. There are plenty of 
grasses, but very little good pasturage which, I am 
sure, is largely due to long neglect. I am sure that 
the presence of sheep would improve these conditions 
very much. But meantime, what will you do to 
keep sheep going ? I think that the sheep will find 
enough to eat if you give them sufficient range, but 
you can supplement this with fields of rape and rye 
and barley. 

Some day, I expect to see better pastures in the 
South. It takes time and study to make good past- 
ures. There are some farms in the far South with 
C'ood pastures, but you will find that the farmers 
iiave spent much time, money and thought on the 
problem, before they attained success. 

Again, the miiltitude of worthless curs that infest 
the South will ever be a menace to sheep husbandry, 
imtil wise legislatures rise up affainst such a destroy- 
er of the people's property. This is sure to come, 
for there is no reason why a man should keep a dog 
that is so precious in his eyes without paying a re- 
spectable tax for it. I never pay taxes on any 
property so cheerfiilly as upon my dog. Until then. 




it may become necessary to keep a boy with the sheep 
during the day time and bring them into a corral at 
night. It may be possible, in small flocks, to save 
loss by introducing Dorset blood. ^^lany Dorset rams 
will fight dogs and the majority of ewes seem to 
show no fear of any ordinary dog. I would not con- 
sider them safe from a practised sheep killer. The 
last named ty]>e of dogs needs just one kind of medi- 
cine that has never failed to cure — a small mass of 
lead from a 38 Winchester. 

Another serious difficulty is the lack of shepherds 
who know how to handle sheep. It is hard to find n 
man in the Southern States who knows how to feed 
sheep or care for them. This is just plain ignorance. 
The reading of such papers as The Southern Planter 
and the American Sheep Breeder will help to cure 
this trouble. It is serious now, and most of the loss- 
es will probably come from this source. Only men 
who care to study this subject and know how to profit 
in the school of experience should be retained. 

Last, and most serious of all, are the numerous 
parasitic diseases that sheep are subject to in the 
South. Here is a real problem, and sheep farmers 
may well halt before it. When we know more about 
the life history of these parasites and when we have 
determined the character of the different species 
that infest Southern sheep, we will be able to solve 
this problem. I have found in a lamb four months 
old six different parasites, one of which I have never 
seen described in any of the books. The stomach 
worm (Strongyhis contortus), the nodular worm, 
causing knotty guts, (Oesophagostoma Columbian- 
um) and the lung worm (Strongylus filaris) were 
very numerous in this animal. I am of the opinion 
that the nodular disease is the most serious, 'and I 
have evidence for thinking that this parasite is al- 
ready disseminated in the South. It is so abundant 
in Georgia that it causes the death of lambs at six 
months, while in Vii-ginia, sheep rarely become se- 
riously affected under five years of age ; that is, they 
don't weaken and die from the attack of the parasite. 
The Louisiana Experiment Station has undertaken 
extensive experiments with lambs that are kept from 
pasture and soiled in clean lots, where the water is 
supplied in clean troughs. These experiments only 
convince us of the seriousness of the fight we have on 
hand. They point to no practical remedy and only 
show that the infection may be increased by grazing 
over pa.stures that have received the droppings of the 
affected animals. This only shows what a problem 
we have, but there are ways of holding these in check, 
(vliicli I have not the time for now, and then, wo am 
not the people to be stopped by any such difliculty. 
Even this worst enemy of sheep culture must fall 
before the intelligence of the American shepherd, 
and we people of the South should unselfishly, fear- 
lessly and cheerfully assume our part in the fight. 

4. How we must start our flocks and the kind 
of sheep we must have. — In starting the sheep busi- 
ness the very first question is, "Where will I get my 
sheep?" The flocks of the South have been so ne- 
glected that they are so weakened by disease that it 
is almost hopeless to ..fart a flock with just any sheep 
that can be picked up. In the beginning, it may be 
Ijest to sec\ire the sheep as near home as possible, as, 
unquestionably, the moving of older sheep into the 
South from the Central States involves acclimati- 
zation that may cause serious losses. In securing 
these sheep, you must look out for certain things. 
Seek strong sheep that are healthy and well covered 
with wool. If a sheep's skin is pink, and the fleece 
is smooth and strong, it is generally in good health. 
Avoid pale-skinned sheep with loose fle0;es and small 
spindling bones. Keep your eyes open for constitu- 
tion. It is no simple thing to find a flock of healthy 
ewes in the South. Nearly every flock you find in 
the extreme South is emaciated, pale-skinned, losing 
wool, and lacking vigor. If you secure a healthy 
flock, you can soon breed it up by the use of the best 
rams, always using only pure-bred rams. In choos- 
ing yoxir rams you mtist have an eye to the market 
in your section. If you are gi'owing lambs for an 
early market, quick maturing, growthy lambs are 
what you want, as you want to make the most weight 
in the shortest time and have your lambs ripe. Hamp- 
shires and Dorsets are good for this. Shropshires 
and Southdowns are both fine for making mutton 
lambs, and I should say that those who market their 
lambs at their leisure during the summer, could 
make no mistake in using these. There are many 
other valuable breeds that will suit special condi- 
tions. For instance, for a first cross to get constitu- 
tion and fleese, the larger types of Delaines and 
Rambouillet are very valuable. Such a cross would 
make good foundation ewes for Southern flocks and 
will breed well with any of the rams mentioned. 

It is very important to select a breed of sheep that 
is suited to your conditions. You remember that 
tlie editor of The Southern Planter has always insis- 
ted upon this. He is an Englishman and knows how 
his countrymen have achieved such remarkable suc- 
cess in sheep husbandry. Over there you will find 
different breeds of sheep in different counties, and, 
strange to say, the slight change of conditions ob- 
served in travelling fifty or sixty miles across the 
country has made it important to change the breed 
of sheep. It is pctjuliarly adapted environment that 
has brought these English brf ds to perfrction. 
Tlie law seems inexorable. A Hampshire admirer 
in North England may want to grow Hampshires. 
The Hampshires will grow there, but they will never 
grow into those grand types found in Hampshire and 
Wiltshire, their long-time home. In different parts 
of the same county, you will find varying siiccess 




with a breed. Over here we seem satisfied with hav- 
ing a sheep and never catch the thrill of the man 
who breeds the perfect sheep of the kind.. How 
long, oh, how long, will it be before we have come in- 
to our own in America ? The honest breeder of any 
breed can often help you in determining whether 
his sheep will suit your conditions. Xo honest sheep 
breeder wants to send his sheep where they will be 
failures. Select the right breed and then stick to 
it, and see that your flock improves every year. If 
it does not, something is wrong. Right it before go- 
ing ahead. 

5. The attractions of sheep Hushandry. Allow 
me to omit the material benefits, although I am con- 
scious that in this commercial age the majority of 
men find most attractions in those pursuits that will 
swell the bank account. 

It brings one into touch with men of fine charac- 
ter. Sheep men are generally men of high integri- 
ty, nobleness of purpose, perseverance, and kindly 
disposition. A man's work must influence his char- 
acter. Those that succeed with sheep must have cer- 
tain qualities which happily work out strength and 
beauty of character. The calling of the shepherd 
must be a noble one and his duties must be beautiful 
ones, for this calling has always been taken as a type 
of that tender relationship that tlie Saviour of man 
sustains to His people. The ancient shepherds who 
made plain the significance of this to men, must have 
been possessed of rare qualities ; their watchful care, 
their self-sacrifice, their gentleness, made them fit 
to suggest these tender traits of the Good Shepherd 
to us, and at this Christmas season, as our minds 
turn to Him who became the "Lamb of God that tak- 
eth away the sins of the world," let us recall from 
Holy Writ some of the gi-acious things that were 
said of Him as our Shepherd, and let them set ever 
before us the beauty and nobleness of oiir own calling 
as shepherds, and may we all be faithful, for it might 
be that our faithfulness in these things will one day 
win for us His welcome plaudit, "Welf done !" "The 
Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. He maketh 
me to lie down in green pastures ; He leadeth me be- 
side the still waters. Beautiful picture of the 
Shepherd's care ! 

Again, "He shall feed His flock like a shepherd ; 
He shall gather the lambs with His arms and carry 
them in His bosom, and shall gently lead those that 
are with young." Beautiful picture of the shep- 
herd's love and gentleness! , 

I had other fine things of the shepherds' calling to 
tell you of, but they would seem out of place now, so 
we will continue this later. And, now, I want all 
of the shepherds in Dixieland to have all the joy and 
Christmas cheer that belongs to the faithful keepers 
of the flocks. 

H. B. Aebuckle. 


The trucking or market garden section of Virginia, 
the Eastern section; the section around the Norfolk 
Seaport ; is well along on the road to intensive tilling 
of the soil. 

The cultivation of the soil for the truck crops 
being much more thorough and intensive than for 
com in corn section, or for hay or other staple crops. 

Still there is room for wonderful development 
even here in this already intensively cultivated sec- 
tion. We have a report on file in our office from a 
gentleman friend of ours, giving a little experience 
of his with sweet potatoes. 

The gentleman has passed the three-score-and-ten 
mile post, and his head is gi'ay on the outside, and 
chock full of "gray matter" on the inside. For near- 
ly a half century, he has been connected with the 
manipulation of commercial fertilizers, and in that 
long period has accumulated much practical know- 
ledge relating thereto. 

He has been retired by the firm which he has serv- 
ed so long and faithfully, and now, in the sunset time 
of his life, busies himself in taking care of a cow, a 
flock of poultry, a small fruit orchard, and raising a 
few vegetables, near Norfolk. 

On a measured plot of land he raised this year the 
finest sweet potatoes we have ever seen ; at the rate of 
521 bushels to the acre. Old sweet potato growers in 
the same neighborhood, men who have been grow- 
ing the potato for years and years, dug a crop averag- 
ing not much over 100 busliels to the acre. 

We saw the patich from which the potatoes were 
dug; we saw them before digging; saw them in a 
great pile in the barn after digging ; saw them in our 
office, where we still have samples, and saw them on 
the table at breakfast, dinner and supper time, for 
such potatoes were worthy of a permanent position, 
and a prominent position upon any table three times 
each day. 

This gentleman has no "axe to grind," no "point 
to make," no "selfish interest to promote," in any way 
whatever ; no sweet potato plants or seeds to sell ; no 
new variety of potato to introduce, and in fact, has 
no selfish interest to advance, either for himself or 
for any body else. 

He has simply been guilty of making "four or 
more good big sweet potatoes grow where on\v one 
grew before," and we caught him at it; and while 
he modestly declines to say anything about it, we 
don't like to see such guilty men escape. Such men, 
methods and manipulation are just ■>^hat are aeeded 
here to place our section in the front rank as a pro- 
ducing section. Such work and such results applied 
to our entire section, as surely will be done, will place 
Eastern Virginia in the foremost agricultural ranlcs, 
not only in production, but in population. 

Norfolk Va. A. Jeffees. 




The Poultry Yard. 


The egg-laying contest, arranged by the Kansas 
White Wyandotte clnb and conducted by the Dairy 
and Animal Industry Department of the Kansas 
Experiment Station, was completed October 31. 
Each contesting pen consisted of a male and six fe- 
males, and the competition lasted one year. 

The hens have made a fair record, and the average 
yield will compare favorably with that of other au- 
thentic egg-laying contest. Better records would prob- 
ably have been made had it not been for some unfav- 
orable conditions which accompanied the carrying 
on of such a contest ; as, for instance, the transporta- 
tion and frequent handling of the fowls, and the adap- 
tation to strange rations and surroundings, all of 
which tend to diminish the egg yield. Besides these 
usual unfavorable conditions, the winter was the 
most .severe ever known in the State. The pens in 
which it was necessary to house the contest fowls were 
of the curtain front type and built for the accommo 
dation of twenty-five fowls each. This house with 
its ample ventilation, is perfectly satisfactory when 
filled with a sufficient number of birds per pen to 
maintain the heat, but with only the six hens pre 
scribed by the rules of the contest, the hoiise was cold 
and the egg yield was reduced proportionally. 

The method of care and feeding followed were de- 
signed to bring out fair comparative results of the 
breeds and of the individuals, rather than forced egg 
yields. A variety of grain was fed the year round. 
This was fed in straw in the winter and in the yards 
in the summer. An evening mash was fed the en- 
tire year, composed at first of equal parts of bran, 
chop, meat-meal, shorts and linseed meal, and later of 
bran, chop, and meat-meal only. In the winter, man- 
gles and alfalfa leaves, and in the summer, green al- 
falfa and rape, were used for bulky food. Oyster 
shell and grit were supplied. No fresh meat, hot 
mashes, ground bones, red pepper, patent foods or 
medicines were fed. The intention was to use only 
such foods as produced normal results and can be se- 
cured at any place and in any season. 

The breeds entered in the contest were as follows : 

1. Single Comb White Leghorns. 

2. Rose Comb White Leghorns. 

3. American Reds. 

4. White Wyandottes. 

5. BufF Wyandottes. 

6. Barred Plvmouth Rocks. 

7. Liglit Brahmas. 

Pen No. 1. S. C. White Leghorns laid 885 e^s. 
Peen No. 2. R. C. White Leghorns laid 828 eggs. 

Pen No. 3. American Reds laid 820 eggs. 
Pen -,0. 4. White Wyandottes laid 799 eggs. 
Pen No. 5. Buff Wyandottes laid764 ^gs. 
Pen No. 6. Barred Plymouth Rocks laid 619 eggs 
Pen N"©. 7. Light Brahmas laid 539 eggs. 

The total value of . the egffs laid by Pen No. 1 

was '^ $ 9.650 

The food cost of these eggs was 4.764 

Gain 4.886 

The total value of the eggs laid by Pen N"©. 2 

was '. $ 9.743 

The food cost of these eggs was 4.675 

Gain 5.068 

The total value of the e^s laid by Pen No. 3 

was $ 10.027 

The food cost of these eggs was 5.579 

Gain 4.448 

The total value of the eggs laid by Pen No. 4 

was '. $ 8.944 

The food cost of these eggs was 5.676 

Gain 3.268 

The total value of the eggs laid by Pen No. 5 

was '. $ 8.990 

The food cost of these esjgs was 5.678 

Gain 3.312 

The total value of the e^s laid by Pen No. 6 

was $ 6.736 

The food cost of these eggs was 6.018 

Gain 718 

The total value of the eggs laid by Pen No. 7 

was $ 5.936 

The food cost of these esrgs was 5.814 




Please tell me how, best to mix. and with what, pigeon 
and poultry manure? 
Balto. Co., Md. KIRBY EMORY. 

Pigeon and poultry manure is mainly valuable for the 
nitrogen it contains. In order to conserve this and to 
make it a more balanced manure the droppings should 
be mi.ved with acid phosphate as they are cleaned out from 
the houses. This should be done every two or three days 
or much of the value will be lost Add about an equal qaan- 
tity of acid phosphate to the droppings and then mix the 
•whole with good, rich, dry soil, so as to make it easy to 
sow or spread. — Ed. 




The Horse. 


Although of comparatively recent creation the an- 
nual fairs, with which are combined race meetings, 
of the Southwest Virginia Agricultural and Live 
Stock Association, of Radford, Va., have assumed 
important proportions and form a splendid exposition 
of the mineral and agricultural wealth of that section 
of the State. Already plans are being formed for a 
big fair in 1906, and great enthusiasm prevails among 
the officers and stockholders, among whom are men of 
wide popiilarity and prominence. Hal. C. Tyler, 
who has managed the affairs of the association with 
signal ability, has been wisely retained as secretary. 

At a recent meeting of the board of directors of 
the Association held at Radford, Va., the following 
officers were chosen : 

President, J. L. Vaughan of Shawsville; Vice 
President, Hon. Henry C. Stuart, of Russell county ; 
Second Vice President, Prof. Andrew M. Soule, of 
Blacksburg; Secretary, H. C. Tyler, of East Rad- 
ford ; Treasurer, J. H. Barnett. Executive Commit- 
tee, ex-Governor, J. Hoge Tyler, East Radford ; Maj- 
or John T. Cowan, Montgomery ; Major W. W. Bent- 
ley, Pulaski ; Captain J. G. Osborne, Captain W. T. 
Baldwin and G. T. Beamer, of Radford, and John 
L. Vaughan, of Shawsville. The Board of Directors 
consists of the executive committee and the following 
gentlemen: D. M. Cloyd, J. R. K. Bell, H. T. Ein- 
stein, H. B. Howe and Louis Harvey, of Pulaski 
county; R. M. Chumbley, of Montgomery, and M. 
Goldberg and W. M. Delp, of Radford. 

John L. Vaughan, recently elected president of 
the Southwest Virginia Agricultural and Fair Asso- 
ciation, owns Edgehill farm, a fine estate of 1,200 
acres, near Shawsville, Va., where he breeds trotting 
horses Shetland ponies, cattle and other live stock. 
The Premier sire is Chief Director, son of Direc- 
tor General. The latter is now one of the best trot- 
ting sires in the country. Mr. Vaughan also owns 
some choicely bred brood mares and a lot of Shet- 
lands that include some noted prize-winners 

A horse whose blood is proving a refining factor 
in the section with which he has become identified, 
is Planeteer, the California-bred son of Electioneer 
and Planetia, thoroughbred daughter of Planet. 

The bay stallion is owned by Mr. W. E. Graves, of 
the wholesale lumber firm of Woodson & Graves, 
Lynchburg, Va. The blood of Electioneer has ming- 
led kindly with thoroughbred strains, as witnessed in 
the production of such noted performers as Palo Al- 
to, 2:08 314; Pako, 2:11 1-4; Pedlar, 2:18 1-4, and 
others. Planeteer was shown at the Lynchburg Fair 
laatf all and with him some of hisget, and theexhibitwas 

a pleasing one, because the youngsters were uniformly 
of good size, well finished and all nice bays or browns 
in color. 

Capt. John L. Roper, of the Foxhall Farm, Nor- 
folk, Va., is wintering there among other trotters, 
the bay stallion, Foxhall McGregor, by Robert Me 
Gregor, 2:17 1-4, dam Cleo, 2:19 1-4, by Gambetta; 
Gilmerton, bay gelding, 66, by Great Stakes, 2 :20, 
dam Helice, dam of Clarion, 2:15 1-4, by Norval; 
a brown golding, 3, by Great Stakes, dam Frances, 
2:25 3-4, by Moscovite, and another two-year-old by 
a son of Foxhall McGregor. 

Fewer horses are owned now at the farm than 
formerly, as Capt. Roper has decided to breed poul- 
try and is preparing to enter the field on an extensive 
scale. As banker, captalist and extensive real estate 
owner, the master of Foxhall Farm is widely known, 
and further be it said, his deeds of charity are many. 

On a bid of $21,000, Cresceus, 2:02|, the cham- 
pion of trotting stallions, was sold in Madison Square 
Garden to W. M. Savage, of Minneapolis, Minn., 
proprietor of The International Stock Food Co., who 
owns the former champion. Directum, and the fa- 
mous pacer Dan Patch. Beoad Rock. 

A Percheron Stallion, Property of Henry 
Warden, Virginia. 

Monarch was foaled April 20 1901, Sire Bor- 
deaux by Fourrageur, Dam Empress, by Pas Louis. 
Monarch weighed, in September last, 1585 pounds. 
He is regularly used on the farm and road besides do- 
ing stud duty, and stands work as well as any horse 
on the farm. Henby Wabden. 




Inquirers' Column. 

Enquiries should be sent to the office of The Socthzrs 
PuisTEB, Richmond, Va., not later than the 15th of the 
month for replies to appear in the next month's issue. 


1st. When Is the best time to sow Canada peas In this 
county (Albemarle)? 

2nd. How many bushels to the acre and how deep should 
they be sown? 

3rd. I set some two year old currant bushes out this 
fall, would it hurt them to let them bear fruit this 

Albemarle Co., Va. JOHN D. GITCHELL. 

1. Canada peas in your section may be planted In Febru- 
ary and March. 

2. Sow two bushels to the acre, with half a bushel of 
Burt or Rustproof oats. Sow the peas broadcast and then 
plow then down, so as to give them a cover of 4 or 5 
inches or drill them 4 or 5 inches deep and then sow 
the oats and harrow them in. 

3. No. They will not probably produce more fruit than 
they are well able to mature. — Ed. 

meets your requirements and the growing of new seed 
specially from these stalks in a plot of land far removed 
from any other forn crop. Care should always be taken 
to remove all tassels from barren stalks before they have 
scattered their pollen, or these barren stalks will perpet- 
uate their evil qualities. Mr S. B. Woods of your county 
some years ago bred a type of com on the highland in 
your county which made excellent yields and with which 
he sotured the Breeders' Gazette premium. He called It 
Albemarle Prolific. We have had excellent reports upon 
it from other growers. Try this variety. It is acclimated 
to your section. — ^Ed. 


I have for the last 10 years been trying to keep pure 
seed corn for high land but have been unsuccessful. It 
will get mixed with my neighbors crops, and in the course 
of three or four years I have again a mixed lot of grain. 
The greatest difficulty I have is that the stalks have a 
tendency to grow taller every year and when I plant such 
com on highland I have in the next crop a large num- 
ber of barren stalks. My ideal corn for highland is a close 
jointed leaffy stalk, not over 8 feet high. From my ex- 
perience. I believe that we must get seed com from some 
other locality, vrbax I would like to know is, would you 
advise me to get seed from a northern State, say Penn- 
sylvania or Indiana, or get it in Virginia. I have bought 
at three different times, seed corn from a reliable house in i 
Virginia. From one purchase I succeeded in getting a 
good crop on highland, from the second lot I did no better 
than with my own over grown stalks and had too many 
barren stalks. The third lot I planted part on creek bot- 
tom and part on highland. All of it made a large crop of 
stalks, the yield of grain on the bottom was very good, but 
on the highland it was almost a failure. The rainfall 
that summer, was about normal. Do we not run the risk 
when we buy Virginia grown com of getting seed 
raised on bottom lands, still true to name and ap- 
pearance, but which has acquired the habit of using large 
quantities of plant food and requiring abundant moisture? 
Which varietv would vou recommend for high land? 

Albemarle Co., Va. J. J. HERDT. 

In the last Issue of The Plasteb. we published part of 
an article on this question of selection of com and con- 
tinue the same in this issue. It is written by Prof. Soule 
of the Virginia Experimental Station, who has given much 
study to this question. If you will carefully read and 
study this article, yon will get much information on the 
subject Personally we are strongly of opinion that it 
Is Inadvisable to send far away for seed corn. A variety 
thoroughly acclimated to a section, always does best there. 
All com has a tendency in this Southern climate to run 
to tall stalks and this can only be controlled by constant, 
careful selection of the seed from a type of stalk which 


Will you please state in your next issue the number of 
pounds of meal, hulls, linters and oil produced from a 
ton of cotton seed, giving the market value of each pro- 

Beaufort Co., N. C. F. J. GUILFORD. 

The average of a number of tests of the contents of cot- 
ton seed, gives the following results: Meal 35 per cent.. 
Hulls 35 per cent., oil 20 per cent, linters 10 per cent This 
would make the weight of the meal 700 lbs., hulls 700 lbs., 
oil 400 lbs., linters 200 lbs. We are not able to give the 
present market value of these different products as we 
have not any report of recent date, giving this informa- 
tion. — Ed. 


1. What is a good cheap treatment to preserve a shingle 

2. How to treat shingles before putting them on? (How 
about gas tar or flax seed oil?) 

3. How many grades of Portland cement are there? 

4. What is tht best beef breed of cattle for the South, 
where Bermuda is the foundation for pastures, and John- 
son grass and pea hay the rough feed for winter feeding 
(I mean of the Shonbom Hereford and Aberdeen Angus)? 

5. As the Department of Agriculture recommends sowing 
Johnson grass, is there any law to forbid the sowing or 
letting it seed? 

Forsythe Co.. N. C. SUBSCRIBER. 

1. Probably the best preservative for a shingle roof al- 
ready laid will be to paint with gas tar or some of the 
specially prepared roof paints offered by the paint dealers. 
Personally we should use gas tar with some pitch mixed 
with it Melt the two together and apply hot 

2. Shingles treated with good boiled flaxseed oil before 
being laid, so as to get the same soaked Into them would 
no doubt last very much longer, 

3. We cannot answer this question. We believe it al- 
ways wisest to use the best quality. It goes further 
and it can be relied upon to stand. We have always used 
this quality and never were disappointed in the work. 

4. See the article on beef cattle in this issue. We think 
either the Hereford or Angus would suit yon. 

5. We know of no law forbidding the seeding of John- 
son grass in this State or North Carolina. We believe that 
Texas has such a law. — Ed. 


THE souther:?^ planter. 



Will you or some of your readers give us a chapter on 
training. young hounds to run hares? 
Richmond, Va. "READER." 

We know nothing about this business. Perhaps some of 
our readers may do so. — Ed. 


I send you a potato about which there seems to be 
some doubt and considerable dispute. I have raised It 
for many years under the name of the old fashioned Peach 
Blow, but a great many contend that it is not the Peach 
Blow. At any rate it is the most prolific and best keep- 
ing potato we have ever had and will thrive under condi- 
tions where others fail. Planted the 30th of June, this 
year it produced at the rate of 125 bushels per acre, with- 
out the use of manure or fertilizer of any kind. Its red 
skin interferes somewhat with its commercial use. It will 
keep from one season to another and stands the drouth 
remarkably well. As many as 10 of the size of the speci- 
men sent you were taken from one hill. Let us have your 

Caroline Co., Va. G. W. MOSS. 

The potato sent is a fine well grown tuber of above aver- 
age market size, but we don't think that it is the old 
Peach Blow. It is coarser in appearance than the Peach 
Blow, as we knew it years ago, and the red color is deeper 
and more pronounced all over the tuber. In these respects 
it is more like the Dakota Red and we should be inclined 
to believe that it is a Dakota Red, somewhat changed, by 
being grown continuously in this section. It is evidently, 
however, a potato worth growing for home use, though 
the market always discriminates against a red potato. — Ed. 


Please advise me through next issue of the Plantee, if 
it will pay to top dress wheat in spring with nitrate of 
soda on land that will only make (as it is) 12 to 15 bu. 
per acre. How much should be applied, at what stage of 
the growth of the wheat? And also what have been the 
results of practical and careful tests along this line? 

At what time in winter should acid phosphate and pot- 
ash be applied to a 2 year old meadow of Tall Meadow Oat 
grass. Also will 200 lbs. good cotton seed meal do as 
well as 100 lb. nitrate of soda for top dressing above mea- 
dow, and if so, at what time should the cotton seed meal 

Davidson Co., N. C. 

We have had most excellent results from top dressing 
wheat with nitrate of soda in the spring and strongly 
advise its use for this purpose. It should not be applied 
until the wheat commences to grow freely and should then 
be applied broadcast at the rate of 100 lbs. to the acre, 
sowing the same when the wheat is not wet with dew or 
rain. It will melt with the dew and sink into the land 
and be at once absorbed by the roots of the crops. We 
have seen it show most decided results in a weeks' time, 
changing the wheat plants to a dark green healthy color, 
and stimulating the growth wonderfully. We have fre- 
quently known it to increase the crop from 10 to 15 
bushels to the acre. The sooner mineral fertilizers like 
acid phosphate and potash are applied to land in the fall 

or winter the better. These fertilizers are slow In be- 
coming available and are always best applied when they 
can be worked into the soil. As a top dressing they 
are never so effective as when worked in. The best ni- 
trogenous top dressing is nitrate of soda at the rate of 
75 or 100 lbs. to the acre. Nitrogen applied in an organic 
form, like cotton seed meal, is not usually very effective 
as a top dressing. Like the mineral fertilizers it is best 
worked into the soil. Before the nitrogen in the meal can 
become available it has to decompose and decomposition 
is slow on the surface. The nitrogen in nitrate of soda is 
immediately available. Apply after the grass commences 
to grow. — Ed. 


Please answer the following questions in the next issue 
of your paper: 

1. How many cow peas, per acre, should be sowed for 
the purpose of improving land? 

2. How many barrels of corn (figuring 5 bushels to the 
barrel) should one man be able to shuck in a day? 

3. How much hard wood should one man be able to 
cut in a day? 

4. How many tons of straw should 35 head of stock be 
able to eat and trample under foot per month, as manure? 

5. Can a crop of clover be planted on land that has been 
in peas which have been turned under, or must the clover 
be planted with wheat? 


1. If sown broadcast, 1 bushel to the acre. If drilled 
half this quantity will be sufficient. For improving pur- 
poses only, the peas are usually sown broadcast. For seed 
they should be drilled and cultivated once or twice. 

2. This varies much according to the expertness of the 
shucker. One man will shuck 3 barrels per day, whilst 
others have been known to shuck 8 barrels. 

3. From 1 to 1 1-2 cords into stove lengths. 

4. Such a herd of cattle would, during a winter's run in 
a straw yard, reduce into manure almost an unlimited 
quantity of straw, if given the opportunity. They would 
eat probably not more than 8 or 10 pounds per head per 
day, but would waste many times more than this quantity 
and this waste would become fitted for applying to ara- 
ble land and should be plowed under to rot 

5. Yes clover may be seeded after cow peas and will usu- 
ally make a good stand as the cow peas leave the land in 
fine condition for any crop. The clover is better seeded 
in the fall, though if this has not been done, it may be 
sown in February or March. The best way to sow is with 
a drill, as this ensures covering the seed. More clover 
stands are lost from the seed not being put in deep enough 
to thoroughly cover the seed than from too deep seed- 
ing. If not drilled, harrow the seed well into the land. — 


I have a piece of land that I am going to plant in cot- 
ton this coming year, the clay on this land is from 15 to 
18 inches from the surface. It may be termed high land 
although it is not light, sandy land. 

I am thinking of breaking it with a two horse plow 
and applying lime at the rate of 400 lbs to the acre, then I 
intend to put in 600 lbs. of a mixture ofKamit, Phosphate 




and cotton seed meal. Do you think this would be a 
good plan for the crop, if not please tell me what you 
think is better. 

I am also thinking of using some lime under my entire 
crop. Please advise me what amount to start with, as I 
have never used any lime on my land before; also tell 
me in what way to apply it 

Bladen Co., N. C. S. F. CAIN. 

Break the land deeply and thoroughly at once and ap- 
ply 1,000 lbs. of lime per acre, not 400 lbs. Even 1,000 lbs. 
is a very light application. We have applied 2 or 3 tons 
to the acre many times with advantage. Spread this lime 
on the surface after plowing and harrow lightly and 
leave until spring. Then cross plow or thoroughly work 
the land with a cultivator or disc harrow and lay off the 
rows. Apply in these rows a fertilizer made up of 1,200 
lbs. of acid phosphate, 600 lbs. cotton seed meal and 200 
lbs. Kainit to make a ton. Apply at the rate of 400 lbs. 
to the acre and mix well with the soil in the rows a 
few weeks before planting. When ready to plant freshen 
up the rows with a cultivator and plant and you should 
make a crop. 

Apply lime for the other crops, broadcast on the land 
as soon as plowed, at the rate of 20 bushels (1,600 lbs.) to 
the acre, and harrow in lightly. — Ed. 


1. My sweet potatoes have a black formation on them 
that spreads and eats through them. 

WTiat is the trouble and remedy? 

2. Irish potatoes "Peach Blows," some of the large onfts 
have decayed centers. Please give cause and remedy? 
The seed potatoes were gotten from a neighbor. Should 
they be gotten from the north? 

3. Can a small farmer save his own clover seed, and how? 

4. Is agricultural lime, I mean brands such as Lee's for 
example, superior to and cheaper than a cheap builders 
lime for the soil. 

Henrico Co., Va. H. A. P. 

1. This is a fungoid disease which spreads from the 
sprouts — generally starting in the seed bed and therefore 
great care should be exercisel in selecting seed potatoes 
from stock that is not affected. It then propagates in 
the soil and affects more or less all the crop. Land which 
has grown potatoes, affected with this disease should not 
be used for another crop of sweet potatoes for several 
years. There is no other way to get rid of it. Carefully 
examine all your potatoes and take out all affected with the 
disease, or they will all rot 

2. This hollow disease In the center of the Irish potatoes 
is usually caused by too wet a season. They overgrow 
themselves and then become hollow and diseased. We 
know of no remedy for it except to plant on dry jwell 
drained land. It does not matter where you get the sets 
if the season is a wet one, you will have more or less 
of these hollow potatoes. 

3. Yes. You can save the seed by threshing it out, but 
will have to sow in the chaff, unless you can get a clover 
hulling machine to thresh and clean it 

4. For agricultural purposes the lime from the kiln Is 
better and cheaper than any of the so called agricultural 
lime mixtures. — Ed. 


Have a chance to rent a farm near big boarding school. 
Can get refuse of Carbide of lime which is result of mak- 
ing Acetyline gas for school buildings. At present there 
is 200 or 300 tons of this lime piled up in the woods. Has 
it same value as shell and stone lime for fertilizer on land? 

Can also get free of cost, except labor of removing the 
solid and liquid matter, after passing through a Waring 
sewage outfit. 

Large amounts of potash and soda salts from kitchen in 
addition to phosphates and urates and solid excrement 
(human) can be obtained. 

Having the above fertilizing materials so handy and 
cheap, please advise if all of them are not highly value- 
able and how to use them. 

Washington, D. C. D. E. BUCKINGHAM. 

No experiments have so far as we can ascertain been 
made in the use of this Carbide refuse for supplying lime 
to the land. No doubt it contains a large quantity of lime, 
but whether in a form which will be readily available or 
whether charged with any poisonous matter is not known. 
It should be tried experimentally, at first, after being ex- 
posed for some time to the action of the air. 

As we are unacquainted with the chemicals used in the 
Waring process to precipitate the solid matter, we are 
unable to say what will be the effect upon the refuse 
matter as to its availability for plant food. If the chem- 
has never had any good foundation. Plants need potash 
icals used are not deleterious, the sewage refuse should be 
valuable. The soda salts have very little value as a fer- 
tilizer. It was claimed at one time that these salts could 
take the place of the potash salts in a fertilizer, but tliis 
is not true. Plants want potash, but do not need soda. 
The human excrement is valuable and should be applied 
broadcast, composted with soil. — Ed. 


The report from Australia shows that White Leg- 
horns led in the egg-laying contest up to the first of 
August. This pen of White Leghorns laid in four 
months 557 eggs. In the monthly prize awards, 
the highest total for a pen was made by Langshans, 
108 eggs in one month, or an average of 28 eggs per 
month to each hen. The grand total for the 100 
pens, or 600 birds, beginning April 1, ending August 
31, was 37,357 eggs, or an average of 62 1-4 eggs 
each for five months. If this ratio continues in this 
proportion, it would be alx)ut 125 eggs per year for 
each hen ; but the marked increase each month prom- j 
ises better than this. ' 

In the duck egg-laying contest in the same country, 
the Buff Orpingtons and Indian Runner ducks seem 
tohave very much the best of it. Buff Orpington ducks 
from the same stock that won the contest last year are 
in ascendency. During August, one pen of Buff Or- 
pington ducks produced 181 eggs, six ducks to each 
pen. Each duck of the six laid an egg every day for 
27 days in the month ; three days in the month five 
eggs were laid ; the first day, four. This is the best 
month's record knoAvn for ducks, and must be a sur- 
prise to all who imagine ducks to be indifferent egg- 






Part II 

Possibilities of Selection. 

The selection of the type of ear and stalk adapted 
to local conditions is a matter of the gi-eatest impor- 
tance, and in order that the right type be chosen, a 
careful individual study must be made from the time 
the crop is started, and not be undertaken only along 
towards the end of the crop season. The importance of 
startingearlyintheseason is due to the striking individ 
ual characteristics of certain plants throughout the 
field. These should be marked and watched, forit 
is the exceptional qualities developed in the individ- 
ual that has made it possible to achieve such wonder- 
ful things in the breeding of horses, beef and dairy 

is a simple process, requiring but comparatively lit- 
tle time to effect these changes so worthy of consid- 
eration. It is also a most fascinating study, for 
when once the idea that plants and varieties can he 
changed and molded to the will of the master mind 
becomes an established principle, the worker becomes 
enthusiastic, and the results obtained will naturally 
be far greater. 

If one desires a prolific variety of corn, selection 
must be made from stalks producing two or more ears ; 
and now, as to the type of ear to select : That will 
depend a good deal upon the variety and the condi- 
tions under which the corn is to be grown. One or 
more medium sized ears per stalk, with a small cob, 
will outyield one very large ear. It is not desira- 
ble to develope coarseness in either plants or animals. 
Select only ears that are well silked and have a good 
covering of husk coming well over the tip. Too 
much husk is objectionable, as it is an indication of 
coarseness. The shank bearing the ear should be 
short and not over an inch to an inch and a half in 
diameter. The ears should point downwards so they 
will shed the water better. The n\imber of rows to 
select per ear will vary greatly with the variety, but 
the standard should be from 16 to 24. In some va- 
eties the number will sometimes run do\vn as low as 
12, but it is desirable to get it up to 16 as nearly as 
possible. The rows on the cob should bo as nearly 
straight as possible, and the grains should be even 
in length and character from end to end of the ear. 
The cob should be perfectly straight and of uniform 
size and not tapering off to a point, as is so often the 
case, for when that happens, the grain will likely be 
deep at the butt and shallow at the tip. In such 
forms, they Avill not go through the planter uniformly, 
nor will they have the size and bulk of grains uni- 
formly developed. The grain itself should be rather 
a wedge shape and long rather than broad, but not 
too long. With a white corn, the cob should be white 
cattle and the principles in breeding plants are cer-l and the grain flinty in texture, with a large and well 
tainly analogous. It is the individual possessed of| developed germ. In a yellow corn, the same^ quali 
peculiarly well developed inherent hereditary powers 

An example of prolificacy, due to breeding and selection. 

that shoiild be sought for a mother plant, for the mat- 
ter of vitality and vigorous reproduction is a most 
important problem to the corn grower. 

Other desirable qualities of the corn plant may be 
affected by selection ; for instance, the placing of the 
ear so as to bring it closer to the ground may be af- 
fected. The length of the shank to which the ear is 
attached can be changed, as well as the position of 
the ear. With these facts in mind and a closer per- 
ception that man has a mastery over corn and can 
adapt it to bis will, the selection becomes a matter 
of greater interest and concern to the farmer, for it 

ties as to type of grain should be sought. The tip 
andbutt of the earshould be well covered, the grainon 
the butt coming down close to the shank. In bad 
seasons this is not a matter of such great importance, 
for sometimes a drought may affect the pollination of 
the silks and prevent all of them developing perfect 
grains. Under such circumstances, the perfect de- 
velopment of the tip and butt may not be a matter of 
great importance. The average corn-breeder proba- 
bly recognizes that each silk represents a grain of 
corn when properly fertilized by the pollen from the 
tassels, but unless each grain is properly fertilized, 
the ear will be imperfectly developed. The pollen 




grains are very easily affected by wet weather or by 
severe drought when they are in the height of their 
development, and hence a few days of bad weather 
may result in an unevenly developed ear. Under 
these circumstances, it is not well to lay too much 
stress on the development of the tip and butt. It 
is important, in the selection of a type of ear which 
is to be standardized, that an ideal be clearly fixed 

1. Defective grains due to imperfect pollenizatlon. 

2. Rows too open. 

3. A good type of ear to select 

in the mind and kept definitely in view for all time 
in the future. In fact, it would be well to preserve 
some of the type ears from the first selection if they 
reach the breeder's ideal, and keep others from each 
year's selection for reference. 

It is also important that the rows of com on the 
ear be uniform, and that none of them squeeze out, as 
it were. 

Field Selection. 

Having decided on the type of ear, go through the 
com field early in the season, as already indicated, 
and pick out the plants which seem to show special 
vigor and which are apparently fertilized by the 
pollen from neighboring plants of desirable quality. 
If any of the stalks and ears fail to develop satisfac- 
torily, discard them, and as soon as tlie corn begins 
to ripen, go to the field with sacks and pick out the 
ears from desirable stalks that most nearly approach 
the type in mind, carry these to the house or bnrn, 
and put them safely away in rat-proof cages. They 

should be placed on open slats after shucking, so as to 
dry uniformly. Ears taken from each plant should 
be carefully labelled, for these are to provide the 
grain for the seed patch next season. When the 
weather becomes cool, store the com so that it will be 
kept at a uniform temperatiire and not be subjected 
to damp weather or to violent freezes. 

During tlie winter time, test the vitality of the 
com by taking grains from different parts of the 
ear, and placing them on moist sheets of blotting pa- 
per which should then be folded securely and placed 
in a cigar box containing several moist newspapers. 
Wrap the newspapers over the blottej-s containing the 
grains from tlie several ears and leave them alone for 
two or three days. In this way, the percentage of 
grain that will germinate, and the vitality of the seed, 
can he ascertained. It will be surprising to see 
what differences there are in the inherent vitality of 
grains from certain ears. These grains from these 
ears should then be selected for the seed patch and 
others be discarded or used for general planting. 

After testing the vitality, the protein content of 
tlie grain should be studied, and this may be done by 
taking a few grains from each ear and cutting them 
open crosswise and lengtliwise. The size of the 
gcrai and the amount of the flinty matter will deter- 
mine quite accurately whether the grain is high or 
low in protein. If there is a large amount of starch, 
it is evident that the grain is comparatively low 
in protein ; if there is a small amount of starch, the 
reverse is true. With these facts in mind, it is easy 
to develop a strain of corn high in protein and low in 
starch, or high in starch and low in protein, or high 
in protein and oil, as the case may be, for the oil is 
all obtained from the germ, and grains should be se- 
lected that have large, vigorous germs, wliere a high 
oil content is tlie object in view. It is quite possible, 
by selecting for an increase or decrease of protein, 
to balance up the corn and .nake it more satisfactory 
as a grain food for cattle or horses than is often the 
case at the present time. 

Tliis brief review of some of the means of selection 
and some of the things tliat may be affected tliereby, 
will indicate the possibilities of the work when car- 
ried on along systematic lines. The importance of 
testing the grains from selected ears is brought out by 
the following facts in a test made by the writer 
where seed was taken from a number of well estab- 
lished varieties. It was found that the germination 
of the grain varied from 27 to !)2 per cent. If these 
figures are npplicalile to field conditions, it might 
happen that liy using certain grains, a farmer would 
only obtain one-fourth of a stand, whereas, if he used 
anotjier variety, he would probably obtain a perfect 
stand. It is worse than useless to prepare a corn 
field and seed it with grains which have not been tho- 
roughly tested so as to provide a uniform stand. 




It is also important that the grains used in plant- 
ing be of imiform size, as some planter tests made by 
the writer, show very clearly. In one of these tests, 
with the com from the whole ear where the planter 
was run on the bam floor and fifty drops made, 2 
kernels were dropped 16 times, 1 kemel 30 times and 
nothing 4 times. Where deep, uniform grains only 
were used, 1 kernel was dropped 44 times, 2 kernels 
4 times, 3 kernels 1 time, nothing 1 time. Where 
grains taken from the middle were used, 1 kernel was 
dropped 29 times, 2 kernels 10 times, 3 kernels 1 
time, no kernels 10 times. By shelling off butt and 
tip of the ear and taking the grain from the center, 
it is possible to get a much more uniform grain which 
insures the dropping of about the right number of 
grains in each hill and a much more imiform stand. 
The matter is so simple that one would suppose it 
would be done uniformly, but in practice it is rarely, 
the case. . The matter, however, is of sufficient 
economic importance to merit the attention of every 
corn grower. 

[To be continued.] 

Andt?ew 1M. Soule, 
Dean and Director. 

Experiment Station, Blackshurg, Va. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

The College of Agriculture of the State of Vir- 
ginia coijstitutes a department of tbe Virginia Poly- 
technic Institute and is located at Blackshurg, Mont- 
gomery County, Va. The growing interest in agri- 
cultural education is evidenced by the fact that there 
are now nearly 100 students pursuing agricultural 
and horticultural studies in this institution. The 
demand for men trained along all agricultural lines 
is so great that it is surprising that the number is 
not 500. In a recent address at Richmond, Secretary 
Wilson said that the State of Virginia should have 
at least 5,000 students pursuing work along agri- 
cultural lines. Another gentleman stated tbat while 
Virginia spends between $200,000 and $300,000 an- 
nually for higher education, and "spends it wisely 
and well," comparatively little is spent for the edu- 
cation of the farmer's boy in the great profession of 
agriculture.. Yet this is the chief industry of the 
State, and by reason of natural conditions, must con- 
tinue to be so for all time. 

Is it not important that more attention be given to 
education of the boy from the farm, in order that ho 
may go back and rebuild up soil which careless cul- 
ture has destroyed ? Nothing can be done of greater 
permanent value to Virginia than to have the $10.00 
an acre land, about which so much has been said, im- 
proved and made worth $100.00 an acre. Thou- 

sands of acres of unproductive land in the State are 
a menace to our prosperity. We have the most de- 
lightful climate in the world, unsurpassed market 
facilities right at our door, and an enormous demand 
at profitable prices for all farm crops. There is just 
one thing wrong, and that is a proper appreciation 
of the need of agricultural education. 

At the opening of the fall session of this institu- 
tion, the writer was placed in charge of the registra- 
tion of student, and it was not difficult to understand 
why so few boys were interested in agricultural ed- 
ucation. Though the majority of our boys come from 
the farm, they enter with the idea in mind that they 
are going to be engineers or follow some other pro- 
fession than that of farming. Why is this? Sim- 
ply because they know nothing of agricultural edu- 
cation or the possibilities it opens up to them. They 
have seen farming conducted after a slovenly, haphaz- 
ard fashion, and often without profit. Is it any won- 
der that they are disgusted and anxious to get away 
from it, particularly when the public schools do not 
provide a course of training that would lead them to 
a di;e appreciation of agriculture as a profession ? 
All this must be changed if permanent prosperity is 
to come to Virginia. 

The importance of this subject leads me to feel that 
the general public should know something of the pro- 
visions made for instruction in agriciilture in tliis 
State. The last Legislature made an appropriation 
for the erection of a building for the Virginia College 
of Agriculture. Unfortunately, the amount of 
money asked for was not sufficient to construct a 
building commensurate with the needs of the work, 
and while a handsome stone structure has been com- 
menced, it is now only two stories high and cannot 
be completed without the appropriation of addition- 
al funds. In the meantime, the agricultural depart- 
ment occupies several small rooms in a dwelling house 

The need of completing this building at the earliest 
possible date, must be apparent to all, particularly if 
any progress is to be made in the instruction of stu- 
dents and in the development of those scientific re- 
searches connected with the Experiment Station 
which have been shown to have such vital relation to 
the interests of our farmers on more than one occa- 
sion. It will take about $75,000.00 to complete and 
equip the agricultural building, and this is certainly 
a small sum for a State enjoying the prosperity of 
Virginia at the present, to spend for the purpose of 
teaching the farmer boys of the State the fundament- 
al truths of agricultural science. Some of the de- 
partments to be housed in the new building are as 
follows : 

The Dairy department will occupy the larger part 
of the basement, and ample provision will he made 
for the receiving handling and pasteurization of 
milk, the making of butter and cheese, and milk 




testing. Rooms for the curing of cheese at various 
temperatures will form a part of the equipment. 

The second floor will he occupied by the executive 
offices, the library, bulletin mailing rooms, and labo- 
ratories for animal husbandry, seed investigation, etc. 

The third floor will be occupied by the department 
of horticulture, veterinary science and mycology, and 
the fourth floor by laboratories and classrooms for re- 
search in agronomy, bacteriology, entomology and 
soil investigation. The attic or fifth floor will con- 
tain the museum, roms for the agricultural club, labo- 
ratories for photography, etc. 

Provision has thus been made for every feature 
of agricultural instruction and research, so that it 
will no longer be necessary for the boys of Virginia 
to go elsewhere to receive the best possible training 
along agricultural lines. 

The College Barns. 

Five large barns have been erected on the College 
grounds, each designed for a special purpose. The 
largest and most imposing of these is the dairy barn, 
which has stall room for a large number of animals. 
The granaries in this barn have a capacity of 2,500 
bushels of com, and large mows provide abundant 
room for the storing of hay, shredded stover, etc. 
There arc also two large silos, each with a capacity 
of 200 tons. The cattle are stabled in wings run- 
ning out from the rear of the bam and so arranged 
that the lighting and sanitary conditions are of the 

To the left of the main barn is the hog bam and 
slaughter house; a series of radiating paddocks con- 
nect with this barn so that the hogs confined therein 
have ample opportunity for plenty of exercise. This 
barn contains a series of pens for the brood sows and 
storage room for the grain, and it is well suited for 
the purpose for which it is designed. 

To the right of the dairy barn is the implement 
barn. This structure is open on the south side, so 
that the wagons and other implements can be readily 
backed under cover. The upper floor is entirely oc- 
cupied by implements and the repair shop. 

A new bam, 120 feet long, was recently completed, 
designed especially for the feeding of beef cattle. 
There is ample storage space above for hay and other 
coarse fodders, and the space beneath is divided into 
pens large enough for eight or ten animals. Sliding 
gates divide the different sections of the bam and it 
is so arrangel that the manure can be hauled directly 
out by wagons. 

The fifth bam is devoted to the work of the depart- 
ment of field investigation. It has ample granaries 
and storage space for crops, both threshed and un- 
threshed. The basement provides an implement shed 
and stable, and the structure is complete and modem 
in every detail. 

Courses of Instruction. 

Several courses of instruction are offered by the 
agricultural department, and others will be added as 
soon as suitable facilities are provided. The four 
years' course which leads to the degree of B. S. is 
designed to give the student a liberal education, and 
at the same time he is instructed with regard to those 
sciences that pertain to agriculture and gives an op- 
portunity to acquire the best information with regard 
to both the theory and practice of general agriculture 
in all its important branches. Special stress is laid 
on the subject of agronomy, animal husbandry, dairy- 
ing, farm management, agricultural bacteriology, 
veterinary science, mycology, horticulture biology, 
agricultural chemistry, and geology. A faculty of 
twent^'-five specialists enables the instruction to be 
given in a thoroughly up-to-date and satisfactory 

There is also a three years' course in practical agri- 
culture, and a certificate of standing is given to all 
students who complete it in a satisfactory manner. 

It is intended especially to meet the needs of those 
young men who desire to obtain the rudiments of an 
agricultural education, but do not feel that they have 
either the time or money to take a four years' course. 
As soon as the new agricultural hall is completed, 
short courses in agronomy, dairying and animal hus- 
bandry will be offered. In the meantime, special 
courses in the subjects can be arranged for a limi- 
ted number of students, and post-graduate courses 
can be arranged for on application. The College is 
thus in a position to take care of all students who ap- 
ply for collegiate instruction in agriculture, whether 
they desire the full degree course, post-graduate or 
other special courses. 

The College Farm. 

The College farm comprises about 1100 acres, part 
is leased and part is the property of the institution. 
The work of crop production can thus be carried on 
on a large scale, and sufficient land is available for 
grazing the various herds of cattle and sheep main- 
tained for student instruction and experimental re- 
search. The farm is well supplied with teams and 
modern implements and farm machinery of every de- 
scription. Thus, the students have a chance to be- 
come familiar with actual farm operations on a large 
scale, which insures a practical trend to the training 
they receive. 

The location of the farm is ideal in many respects. 
The ground is gently rolling, and, for the most part, 
drains well, and the land is fairly fertile. It pro- 
vides sufficient arable land to enable the undertaking 
of a comprehensive series of experiments. A careful 
survey of the farm has been made during the past 
year, and 300 acres set aside for rotation experiments. 




One hundred and twenty-five acres of com are grown 
for strain each year in addition to the hay required 
to supply the needs of the large number of animals 
maintained on the farm. 

A careful and accurate record is kept of all the 
work done on the farm, so that it is possible to know 
just what a bushel of corn costs. To do this, a pains- 
taking system of bookeeping has been inaugurated, 
because the various experiments provide information 
which is most valuable to farmers, and unless the re- 
cords are carefully kept, the results would be worth- 
less. Few people appreciate how laborious an under- 
taking it is to keep an accurate record of the opera- 
tions on an extensive farm, but our experiments are 
conducted on such a large scale that the results, when 
once obtained, will be applicable to farm conditions 
in practically every section of the State. 

The Herds and Flocks. 

Over 150 head of pure-bred animals are main- 
tained on the College farm. The herds, of necessity, 
are not large, owing to the expense of maintaining 
them. A careful record is being kept of these ani- 
mals, and a number of very interesting cross-breeding 
experiments are in progress for the purpose of deter- 
mining the relative merit of the various pure-bred 
sires when used on native and high-grade cows. One 
of the greatest problems in Virginia is how to improve 
the great number of farm animals of undesirable 
quality at the lowest cost, and this question is receiv- 
ing careful attention. Representative herds of Short- 
horns, Herefords and Aberdeen Angus are maintain 
ed so that students and visitors may have an opportu 
nity to compare the type and quality of the three 
principal beef breed. Herds jof Jerseys, Guernseys 
and Holsteins are maintained to test their relative 
merit for dairy purposes and provide milk for the 
student body. These animals are principally kept, 
however, that experimental data may be obtained, 
and the best and cheapest methods of maintaining 
and feeding dairy herds worked out for the benefit 
and guidance of our dairymen. A good flock of 
Dorset sheep and Berkshire swine are maintained on 
the farm. Grazing and feeding experiments with 
hogs are in progress at all times. In addition, 100 
head of cattle are bought each year, part fed during 
the winter and sold for immediate slaughter, and the 
balance fed on grass for the rest of the year that tlie 
relative cost of making beef in the stall and on grass 
may be determined for the benefit and giiidance of 
our farmers. The work in the department of animal 
husbandry is receiving special attention, and every 
effort is being made to foster it because its relation 
to soil fertility is so clearly defined. 

The Experiment Station. 

The Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station 

is located at Blacksburg, and, by law, constitutes a 
part of the College. The Experiment Station is 
maintained for the purpose of making original inves- 
tgations which will be of direct benefit to the farm- 
ers of the State. The Station is endeavoring to pro- 
tect the best interests of its constituents by maintain- 
ing departments for investigation and research in 
agriculture, live stock husbandry, field experiments, 
horticulture, chemistry, bacteriology, veterinary sci- 
ence and mycology. All of these departments are 
conducting experiments of a scientific and pr.ictical 
nature. These results are published from time to 
time in the form of bulletins, which are distributed 
free of cost to the farmers of the State for the ask- 
ing. The investigations in progress cannot all be 
enumerated here, because they are too numerous and 
complex. For example, feeding experiments have 
recently been concluded with 60 head of beef cattle, 
another with 60 head of hogs, and another with 24 
head of dairy cows. In the case of the cattle, 
it was found that silage made a cheaper and better 
roughness than either shredded stover or timothy 
hay, and as silage can be made cheaply on every 
farm in Virginia, the advantage of feeding it in the 
place of timothy hay will be readily understood. 

The bacteriological department has been sending 
out cultures for the inoculation of various legumes 
at a cost of 25 cents per acre. In this way, it has 
saved the farmers of Virginia several thousand dol- 
lars during the present year. 

The dairy department has shown the farmers how 
to ship cream long distances successfully, and has done 
much to stimulate the development of dairy interests 
in the State. 

The department of field investigations is selecting, 
breeding and improving standard varieties of cereals 
for distribution to Virginia farmers. Thus, the Ex- 
perment Station is an important factor in building 
up the agricultural interests of the State, and the 
farmers who are not familiar with its work, and are 
not receiving its literature, should hasten to acquaint 
themselves with its functions, and come in contact 
with its stores of information and inspiration as soon 
as possible. 

The Orchards and Gardens. 

The horticultural department has over 50 acres 
laid out in orchards, vineyards and gardens. Over 
G50 varieties of tree fruit are grown on these grounds, 
enabling the department to furnish valuable informa- 
tion to all those who contemplate planting orchards. 
Over 100 varieties of grapes and many varieties of 
bush fruits and vegetables are grown. At the pre- 
sent time, the department is engaged in testing, not 
only varieties of fruit, but in hybridizing various va- 
rieties of apples to see if new and better vareties can- 
not be obtained for Virginia conditions. A special 
effort is being made to secure a variety that will bloom 




late, so as to avoid the destructive effects of early' 
sprinw frosts. 

Tills department also maintains a cannery where 
fruits and vegetables are preserved and provision is 
made for the manufacture of various fruit by-pro- 
ducts, such as cider, jellies and vinegars. The Col- 
lege campus furnishes material for studies in land- 
scape ganlening, so that the dopartmeiit is fairly well 
eq>ilpped and in a position to render yeoman service 
to the horticulturists of the State. 


The College maintains a creamery and cold storage 
plant chiefly for the purpose of student instruction 
and investigation. In this creamery milk from the 
surrounding country is received and manufactured. 
The creamery is thus in practical operation through- 
out the year, and those desiring to acquire special in- 
formation relative to the subject of dairying, can 
come to the College and take special courses. 

The veterinary department occupies a building of 
its own and gives special attention to the instruction 
of studtnts and to the investigation of such problems 
as properly come within its province. Some excel- 
lent work has been done in devising some simple and 
effective apparatus for the treatment of milk fever, 
the scourge of the dairyman and for the destruction 
of flies, which annoy both beef and dairy cattle, caus- 
ing the former to lose flesh and the latter to fall off 
in milk. 

Applicants for admission to the College must be 
at least 16 years of age and proficient in English 
grammar, physical geography, history of Virginia 
and the United States, arithmetic and algebra to 
quadratics; also in Latin grammar and two books of 
Cipsar, if they wish to pursue a course of study in 
which Latin is required. 

The expense of a student for a full collegiate year 
of thirty-six weeks may be estimated at $225.00. 
Four hundred scholarships exempting from tuition 
feesare offered to Virginia students. The College thus 
provides an opportunity for obtaining a general agri- 
cultural education, and also for specialization along 
many lines. With the completion and equipment of 
the new buiding, the facilities for instructions will 
be greatly improved, but in the meantime, every effort 
is being made to care for the boy who wishes to pur- 
sue a course of instruction in agriculture. 

Dean and Director. 

Experiment Station, Dlachshurg, Va. 


The State claims to be the owner — the original and 
ultimate owner — of all lier lands. This owaiership 
Irst appears in her land grants, and is now found in 

the exercise of the right of eminent domain, of es- 
cheats and in the levj'ing of taxes. 

Claiming and exercising these original rights and 
sovereign powers, it is the duty of the State to 
grant good titles to her citizens and enable them to 
keep their titles good under the just administra- 
tion of equitable laws. 

This plain duty has never heretofore been per- 
formed by the State and the time has now come when 
she must meet her high obligation. 

In 1000 there were 103, SOG male citizens of the 
Commonwealth assessed for taxes on real estate, val- 
ued, in each instance, at not less than $300.00. These 
citizens represent the thrift and intelligence of the 
Commonwealth, and their rights must be respected by 
our law makers. 

The real estate of Virginia is assessed at 343 3-4 
millions, or nearly three times as much as all the 
personal property returns for taxation in the State. 

YoTi can sell your personal property or borrow 
money on it quickly and at little expense. You do 
not have to employ a lawyer to examine the title to 
your horse or cow, to your oats and hay, nor to your 
stocks and bonds. 

If you try to sell your land or borrow money on it, 
the first question is: Have you got a good title? 

No will buy or lend you money without being 
satisfied about your title. It must be examined by a 
lawyer, and you have to pay the bill. 

It does not matter how often the title has been ex- 
amined before, it has to be re-examined every time 
a new deal is made. 

The same old titles are guaranteed over and over 
again, and every time, you have to pay the bill. 

A conservative estimate, based upon the returns 
from the County Clerks throughout the State, shows 
that the people of Virginia paid more than 
$420,000.00 for abstracts of titles to lands in 1904. 

This is nearly as much as was spent upon all the 
public schools in the 100 counties of our State, and 
more than half of what was spent for public education 
in every city and county of the Commonwealth. 

This heavy and perpetual tax on the people will 
be saved by the Torrens System of Land Registration. 

It is not only expensive, but it takes days and weeks 
to make an examination of the title, and so many dif- 
ficulties are encountered that business men frequent- 
ly have not the time to bother with transactions in- 
volnng so many problems. 

All this makes land hard and slow to handle, and 
men hesitate to bury capital in lands. 

The Torrens System will make your lands mer- 
chantable. It will convert lands into a quick asset 
and render them available as a source of ready com- 
mercial credit. 

It operates in the following manner: 

1. A title is examined ONCE oflBcially, and af- 




firmed by order of Court. That ends the matter, 
and cuts out the endless examinations of titles now 
necessary. Your title is registered, and you have 
made a permanent improvement, which will last as 
long as tlie law prevails, and will never call for better- 
ments or repairs. 

2. You are then given a certificate of title, which 
giuirantees to all the world that you have such title 
as is set forth therein to the lands therein described — 
for example, a life estate, or a fee simple, in whole or 
in part, free from encumbrances or subject to such 
encumbrances as are mentioned in the certificate. 

3. You can deal with this certificate of title al- 
most as freely as with a certificate of stock, because 
everybody can see from the certificate exactly what 
your title is. 

This will put your real estate on a footing with 
your personality, and will add millions to the busi- 
ness capital of Virginia. 

The Torrens Act will help the farmers and every- 
body who owns real estate in the country, as well as 
in the city. 

It will kill the business of the land grabber in Vir- 

It will enable the State to collect her taxes prompt- 
ly, and no man's land, when registered, can be sold 
for delinquent taxes without his knowledge. 

It will help everybody who deals in real estate. 

It will lessen the cost of tranactions in real estate, 
stimulate and enlarge the market, and thus increase 
values ; and when a poor man buys a home he will 
get a good title to it and no one can take it away from 

It will promote development of the whole State 
by settling titles. And it will invite immigration 
because strangers wiil not hesitate to buy such guaran 
teed titles. 

The Torrens System is No Experiment. 

It has been tested in South Australia since 1858, 
and soon spread to Queensland, Victoria, New South 
Wales, and West Australia. It has long been in op- 
eration in Tasmania, New Zealand, Vancouver, and 
British Columbia; also in Manitoba, Ontario, and 
the Northwest Territory of Canada, comprising the 
four provinces of Athabasca, Alberta, Assineboia 
and Saskatchewan. Even conservative England has 
been testing it since 1802, and in 1900 Parliament 
appropriated $1,325,000.00 for a Land Registry 
Office in Lincoln's-Inn-Eields. Registration of pos- 
sessory titles has been compulsory in London since 
May 1, 1901. Nova Scotia has recently adopted 
the system; and a similar system of title registration 
has been in operation in Prussia since 1872. It has 
been proven to be suited to old as well as new coun- 
tries, to monarchical as well as democratic institutions 

to large and complicated holdings, to extensive es- 
tates and wild lands, as well as to small tracts and 
city lots. 

The Torrens System has found congenial soil in 
the United States in Illinois, California, Massachu- 
setts, Minnesota, Oregon and Colorado; and the Fed- 
eral Government has established it in Hawaii and the 
Phillippine Islands. In addition to this, Arkansas, 
the District of Columbia, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, 
Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, 
Montana, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Penn- 
sylvania, Porto Rico, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Tex- 
as, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, and Wiscon- 
sin have taken steps more or less pronoimced for its 
adoption., The question is: 

Shall Virginia keep up with the procession or, halt- 
ing, lag behind ? 

If Virginia wishes to preserve an honorable place 
in the march of progress, she must do justice to her 
land owners.The spirit of our land laws is the spirit 
of mediicval oppression and restriction. We are liv- 
ing under a superannuated system, originated by 
Norman lawyers under William the Conqueror, and 
venerable only as a relic of an antique age. Feudal 
methods are not suited to this age. Laws made when 
lands were held under royal grants and sold for ten 
cents an acre are not suited to the business methods 
and commercial requirements of this day and genera- 

See that your representatives in the House and 
Senate favor the Torrens Bill in the next General 

It is entirely voluntary, not compulsory. It simp- 
ly gives you an opportunity to register your lands if 
you should see fit to do so. 

It imposes no liability on the Commonwealth. 

It will more than pay for itself. 

There is na valid reason why any one should object. 

Section 100 of our new Constitution especially 
authorizes the Legislature to adopt the Torrens Sys- 
tem in Virginia. 

It has been approved by the Virginia State Bar 
Association, the Bar Association of the City of Rich- 
mond, the Virginia Banker's Association, the Vir- 
ginia Board of Trade, the Virginia Real Estate As- 
sociation and the Chamber of Commerce of the City 
of Richmond. 

It is supported by the Times-Dispatch, the News- 
Leader, and the Evening Journal, of Richmond ; the 
Landmark and the Virginian Pilot, of Norfolk ; the 
Petersburg Index-Appeal, the Fredericksburg Star, 
the Charlottesville Daily Progress, the Staunton Ral- 
ly News,- the Harrisonburg Spirit of the Valley, the 
Virginia Law Register, and other influential papers 
throughout the State, including the Southern Planter. 
Eugene C. Massie. 





We regret to announce the death of Mr. T. W. 
Wood, the head of the well-known firm of Seedsmen, 
(T. W. Wood & Sons) of this city. Mr Wood was 
bom in Derby, England, January, 1840, and died at 
his residence near this city November 12 1905. In 
1873, Mr. Wood came to Virginia and located near 
Richmond, and engaged in farming. After several 
years, he decided to engage in the seed trade, in 

spoken in his views on all public matters, when he 
thought good could be done by such a course. He 
leaves behind him three sons and a daughter. Two 
of his sons are engaged in the seed biisiness, which he 
founded here. The other son is in the seed business 
in Louisville, Ky. His daughter is the wife of 
Dr. Stuart McLain of this city. At one time ilr. 
Wood was for a short time associated with Mr. Jack- 
son in the publication of this Journal, and the writer 
of this notice desires to place on record his kindly 
feelings toward him and his obligations to him for 
manv kindnesses done. 


which he had had previous experience in England. 
He associated his sons with him in the business and 
by their united efforts, success was ensured, and the 
business is now one of the largest in this country. 
Mr. Wood was of untiring energy and perseverance, 
and after he had succeeded in placing his seed trade 
on a firm foundation, he embarked in the agricultural 
implement trade, becoming president of, and the larg- 
est stockholder in. The Implement Co. of this city, 
which concern has now a large and constantly grow- 
ing business throughout the South. Mr. Wood contin- 
ued his association with both these concerns up to the 
time of his death and kept in close touch with the 
agricultural and horticultural interests of the South. 
He was honored by his business associates, with the 
Presidency of the Richmond Grain and Cotton Ex- 
change, and was also at one time President of the 
American Seed Trade Association. He took much 
interest in several of the charitable institutions of 
this city, and his liberal liolp and friendly counsel 
will be much missed by the Virginia Home for In- 
curables, and the Sheltering Arms Hospital. He 
:vaa of a kindlv and charitable disposition and out- 

Editor Southern Planter 

In view of the fact that there is a possibility that 
the tariff may be revised in the near future, permit 
me to call attention to the fact that basic slag meal, 
which is a most valuable and important source of 
phosphoric acid for a large proportion of the soil 
of this country, is now subject to a duty of $1 per 
ton. So far as I am aware, this is the first case 
where a duty has been placed upon a substance which 
is iised for manurial purposes. In this instance the 
duty was falsely levied by virtue of basic slag meal 
having been wrongly classified as an iron ore. It 
is in no sense an iron ore, but, on the contrary, it 
is a by-product produced in the manufacture of Bes- 
semer steel from iron phosphate. It is an imposition 
upon the farmers of this country that a duty was 
levied upon this material and the blame is probably 
to be laid at the doors of the steel trust. Whether 
the manufacturers of ready mixed commercial fer- 
tilizers were in any way to blame, I cannot say, 
tho\igh I very much doubt it. 

Steps are being taken to have this matter brought 
to the attention of the National Grange for he sec- 
ond time, and it is my hope that you will enter upon 
an immediate campaign, using every possible means 
to have this undesirable duty removed. 

H. J. Wheelek. 

We are in entire agreement with this suggestion 
and urge that our readers call the attention of their 
Senators and Representatives to the matter. It is 
bad enough for farmers to be taxed by the tariff in- 
directly on goods they purchase, but that they sliould 
be taxed directly on the fertilizer they use is an 
abominable shame. — Ed. 

Fill the ice house at the first opportunity and see 
that it is packed in closely and well surrounded and 
covered with saw dust and straw packed closely to 
exclude the air. Also see that there is good ventila- 
tion over the top of the ice and good drainage from 
the bottom. 



Southern Planter 





Editor and General Manager. 

Buslnese Manager. 

Western Representative, 914 Schiller Bld'g. 

will be turnlsbed on application. 

•ubBcrlbprs In the United States and Canada 
at 60c. per aoDum: all foreign countries and 
the city of Richmond, 75c. 

REMITTANCES should be made direct to 
tblB office, either by Registered Lettei; or 
Money Order, which will be at our rlali. 
When made otherwise we cannot be respon- 

WB INVITE FARMERS to write ua on any 
agricultural topic. We are always pleased to 
receive practical articles. Criticisms of Arti- 
cles. SuKKPStlons How to Improve THIS 
SOUTHERN PLANTER, Descriptions of New 
Grains, Roots, or Vegetables not generally 
known. Particulars of Experiments tried, or 
Improved Methods of Cultivation are each and 
all welcome. Contributions sent us must not 
be furnished other papers until after they 
have appeared In our columns. Rejected 
matter will be returned on receipt of pos- 

NO ANONYMOUS communications or en- 
quiries will receive attention. 







Canada Peas — Currants 30 

Seod Corn 30 

Cotton Seed Products 30 

Shingle Roofs — Cement — Beef Cat- 
tle — Johnson Grass 30 

Training Hounds 31 

Irish Potato for Name 31 

Top Dressing Wheat — Applying 

Fertilizer to Grass Land 31 

Cow Peas — Shucking Corn — Cutting 
Wood — Using Straw — Seeding 

Clover 31 

Fertilizer for Cotton Crop 31 

Sweet Potatoes — Irish Potatoes — 

Clover Seed— Lime 32 

Carbide of Lime — Sewage Refuse.. 32 

Phillis, Va., Oct. 26, 1905. 
I cannot do without the Southern 
Planter. Every farmer ought to read 

J. A. BUGG. 




To Advertisers. 

Be sure to send in your copy or 
instructions on or before the 25th 
of the month for the following 
month's issue. This is imperative. 


In sending out the first number 
of The Planter for the 67th 
year of its publication, we desire 
to tender to our subscriber.s and 
advertisers, our thanks for the lib- 
eral patronage which they have ac- 
corded us in the past and to assure 
them that it will be our aim and 
pleasure to do every thing possible 
in the future to merit a continu- 
ance of the same. The addition 
to our subscription list during the 
past year has been large and the 
monthly edition is now so large 
that we are compelled to go earlier 
to press, in order to ensure mail- 
ing by the 1st of the month. We 
would ask correspondents and ad- 
vertisers, therefore to oblige us by 
sending in their communications 
and copy not later than the 20th 
of the month, or we cannot gua- 
rantee insertion in the following 
issue. We have printed a large 
number of copies of this issue in 
excess of those called for by our 
subscription list in order to be en- 
aliled to start new subscribers with 
the January issue. This we will 
do, so long as the stipply lasts, but 
would advise early subscription, to 
make certain that a copy of this 
nunil>er be received. 

An illustrated article by Charles de 
Kay, in the December Review of Re- 
views, attempts an answer to the 
question, "What Do Our Church 
Buildings Express?" 


FOR 1906 

is one of the handsomest and most valuable 
publications of the kind issued. The use- 
ful and practical hints contained in the an- 
nual issues of Wood's Seed Book make It n 
most valuable help to all Farmers and 
Gardeners, and it has long been recognized 
as an up-to-date authority on ail 

Garden and Farm Seeds, 

particularly for southern planting. 

Wood's Seed Book mailed free to farmers 
and gardeners upon request. Write for It. 



Truckers requiring large quanti- 
ties of Seed Potatoes, Early Peas, 
Snap Beans or other Vegetable 
Seeds are requested to write for 
special prices. 



Main and Tenth Streets. 

CAPITAL AND PROFITS, - - - $1,134,938.14 

special attention paid to out-of town accounts. Corre«pondence Invited. 
^ Three per cant, interest allowed in Savings Dapartmant, 

Compounded leml-uinDaUr. 




30% More Good 

from feed if von grinJ i(. Proven 
over and over.' Hel a mill lliat l:i!^l>, 
the iiiill Willi a reimlation. Take lo 
days and try the famous ball bearing 

, Quaker 

g^^ Grinding: Mill 

No charge If returned. The leader for 39 
years. One hopper for ear corn, another 
for small grain; perfect mixture; more 
grinding for power used lh:in any oilier. 
Elsht Bizcs, 1 to 20 h. p. Reduced in price 
this year. Freight paid everywhere. 
Sead for free Sytli Annual Catalog. 

The A.W.Straub Co. J-;?;»*2:i'r,V..?t'ii^ ,■ 

CUeago, IIL 


Far les'5 than any other mill of standard make. 
Tr-e dilterence is clear cain. There i? net n^-.v 
c'.rd Dt-'ver ha5 been any superiorto the siaudnrd 



Noted for fast erinding, easy running, dura- 
bility and wide ranee of work. Ear corn and 
small crainfecd mixtures, coarse or fine, table 
menl. etc. Mills in different styles and sizes, 
with ( r without elevator or bagger. Let us send 
you one on free trial. No obligation to buy and 
no expense if you don't like it. Catalog free. 

Neiv Holland Mch. Co., 

Box 1 5 1 . New HoUand, Pa. 


to Days Free 

lwlll».-...l iiny re-,.iiislblo 


LateU Double Cut, 

Feed Grinders 

Cn Ten 0;>s Trial— Nj Mincy In Advance. 

If It d.<>s not (Trin.l at leu-1 ! ■;? m"ie t-arK^orn o 

nu thr. 

Roth crtnder* 
ifvv CatJiJoptif. 

G. Mm Ditto, Bo* 4H Jollet, III. 


we will UIVB -l-,,e bes, „,d lu...lsom«l 
Galvanii«i Slccl Kural Mail Bi.x m.ide, lo llic tirsl scndiiiK .iddrcss of parly canvassing lor pen- 
lions (or new Kural Route. Write lodav. 


This parasite, technically known as 
the Strongj-Ius contortus, is such a 
serious obstacle to successful sheep 
raising that a method of prevention 
and treatment which may be success- 
fully used by the farmer is almost es- 
sential to the continuance of the sheep 
industry in some sections of the coun- 
try. Mr. Joseph E. Wing, in the 
Breeders' Gazette, tells of a breeder 
who insists that the proper treatment 
of the mothers of the Iambs early in 
the season adds 20 pounds to the 
weight of his Iambs and almost en- 
tirely prevents loss from this cause. 
He alternates the gasoline and coal- 
tar creosote treatments as follows: 
After withholding food for 16 hours, 
the gasoline is given, and an hour 
later the animals are fed. Twenty- 
four hours afterward they receive the 
coal-tar creosote. An interval of 12 
hours is allowed, when the sheep are 
again fasted and the treatment re- 
peated as before. The animals are 
then put upon fields which are unin- 
vested—that is, where no sheep have 
been for some time, and fed nourish- 
ing food. The plan of treating the 
ewes some time before lambing, if i 
infested with these worms appears to 
be a most excellent one; but the 
writer would prefer to treat with coal- 
tar creosote alone or with the addi- 
tion of th.vmol, giving two treatments, 
with an interval of two or three days 
between them. To give four treat- 
ments so close together as is indica- 
ted in the case mentioned by Mr. Wing 
appears unnecessarily severe on the 
ewes, and would probably be less ef- 
fectual than two treatments with the 
creosote or creosote and thymol. Put- 
ting the animals on pastures where no 
sheep have been for a year and feed- 
ing well are important parts of the 
treatment.— D. E. Salmoa 


The remedy which has been found 
most effectual and satisfactorv for 
the treatment of sheep affected with 
stomach worms is coal-tar creosote. 
This is made into a one per cent, so- 
lution by mixing one ounce of the 
creosote with 99 ounces of water. 
The dose of this solution is one to 
three ounces for lambs, and three to 
five ounces for adult sheep, according 
to the size of the animal. It is very 
destructive to stomach worms, and 
by repeating the dose after two or 
three days have elapsed, the sheep 
should be ouite thoroughly freed from 
these parasites. The creosote solution 
is soon diluted, however, by the liquids 
of the stomach and Intestines, and Is 
also readily absorbed; consequently it 
may not reach all parts of the intes- 
tines in sufficient strength to destroy 
the worms which Inhabit those organs. 
For this reason, when the presence 
of intestinal worms is known or sus- 
pected, it is best to add powdered thy- 
mol to the creosote solution after the 

If You Have a Brand 
New Separator 

no; a Tu ular. pu: it in the carrel. 

We guarantee Tubalars to 
make enough uiore butler 
tlian any ottier eeimrator, and 
from thr name nillk, tu piiy :25 
per cent yenrly Interest on 
ttaeir cost. You test tbein free 
Bide by slile. Your decision is final. 

Ciirnegie is usinu inveslmenis pay- 
Inir 6 |ter cent; here is a i:uaranteed 
25 per cent to you. The" waist low- 
supply can — simple bowl— enclosed. 
splf-oilingKears— are f lur.d only on 
Tub'ulars. Calalo=r T l^;^ , x plains it. 

The Dairy Problem Solved, 
and Solved Rightly. 

Since man first began to milk cows, the prob- 
lem of bow to make the most dollars from 
them has been up for solv- 
ing. After centuries of ex- 
periment the way has been 

An Easy Running 


will get these dollars for 
the cow-owner, and will get 
them all. This is no ex- 
periment, it is an actual 
fact proven by years of ex- 
'.perience by farmers the 
country over. 
Vou want to know why; we want to tell yon 
why. Write, and get our free books on dairy- 
ing. Read these: then investigate the Empire. 
The result can only be one thing, a complete 
proof that our statements are true. 
Empire Cream Separator Co^ Bloomfleld, N. J. 
Creamery Chara Mfrs. . Agents. Louisville. Ky. 


Simplest on eitrth ea iest u> clean, 
run. understand, bigper pioflts for 
Bame reason, result of 20 years ex- 
perience, send today tf*T free book. 
12ft and special Introductory offer, 
agent* alsowsnied. DAVIS CREAM 

48 to 58 N. Clinton St., Chicago, 


Grind anytbing' and cstc enough 
Id tolls I D goe se&soo to pay for 


Simple tod geared tweeps ftad 
i<eltpuwer». W^-eai^the 1eadlii|f 
*'eed grloder. A gu&raatce tbftt 
makes jrou sure. Vnw for boofcm 


ncoth tullcr— surcess.'ul ponl- 


THE SOUTHERK planter. 


Corn Shelters 


in both hand and power 
- free Sheller Catalogue. 
Keystone Farm Machine Co. York, Pa. 

The Cahoon 




is used on 





Kearney, Neb. 

(The largest in the world.) N. C. Dunlap, 
Manager, has made an address on Alfalfa and 
a cory will be sent free to farmers. Write 
GooileU Company. 63 Main Street. Antrim. N. H. 

proper dose of the latter has been 
measured out. The dose or the thy- 
mol is 30 grains for a lamb and 50 to 
75 grains for older sheep. Thymol is 
not very soluble, and for that reason 
passes through the stomach and into 
the intestines without being absorbed. 
It is therefore considered to be a 
remedy especially adapted for intes- 
tinal worms. By combining the coal- 
tar creosote and thymol, we have a 
mixture which may be relied upon to 
destroy the round worms of both the 
stomach and the intestines, with the 
exception of those worms which are 
living within the walls of these organs 
and which no medicine will reach. 
Gasoline has been used by many in 
treating sheep and lambs for stomach 
worms, but appears to be less effec- 
tive and not as safe as the remedies 
mentioned above. The dose for lambs 
is two teaspoonfuls, and should be 
given mixed with sweet milk. The 
gasoline and milk should be mixed in 
the drenching bottle for only one ani- 
mal at a time, and should be given at 
once, as otherwise, on account of its 
volatile nature, a considerable portion 
of the gasoline might escape. After 
treatment, the sheep and lambs should 
be placed on ground which is noL in- 
fected with the eggs or embryos ot 
these worms — that is, on ground 
where sheep have not run for one or 
two years. If placed on infected pas- 
tures, they will pick up young worms 
with the grass, and soon be in as bad 
a condition as they were before the 
treatment. By properly carrying out 
these directions, it should be possible 
to raise lambs anywhere without se- 
rious losses from stomach or intes- 
tinal worms. — D. E. Salmon, in Coun- 
try Gentleman. 

r©^ Let Us Send You ^^ 

Our Book. 

about good wheels and prood wapons that wlU save 
wu ^ lot of work and mako you a lot ot money -the 


and the 



hub. Can't work loose. A set ,.t o..r wheels w.:l 
makeyoui old wagon new. Latalot;ue nee. 
ELECTRIC WHEEL CO., Box 146, Quincy, Ills. 


., .000 offered for one li\. 

vention: $8,500 for another. 
ijuvjk "How to Obtain a Patent" and 
"What to Invent" sent free. Send 
lEh pketrh for free report as to 
patentability. We advertise your 
patent for sale at our expense. 
Cbandlce S Chandlee. Patent Attomert. 
965 F. Street. Washington. D. C. 

Write for prlcei. 

flICHMOND BA6 COMPANY, Richmond, Vi. 


30 Day% 


2 Years 


: factory 1 

.■ before y 
jnn& tell uswhiit st.\le vehii 
need. Free 1906 Cfitalogue, 
pages— now reudy. 

^The Ohio Carriage MfgjCa 

^H.C. Phelps, Pres. 


P ^^l^jf^^ Clnelnnat 


nd WL(1 4 IWissJ » h..el«. Sli-rl Tire on - »t.J 

1 WUh KuhbfrTir.., #14.60. I mfg. whMls Ji to4 

:ra<i. Top Bugeles, $28 75; SWighs, J10.75 Write 

atalog. L.'Rrn bow tobuj dir-nr. Rppiilr Wh,-f>l»$4 00. 

t W«gou Umbrell. FRKE. V. BOOB, Clneiiiii«U,0, 


Dr. Richard M. Wood has prepared 
a bulletin for the Department 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C, on 
"Incubation and Incubators." The 
summary of his instructions is given 
below, and the bulletin may be had 
on application to the Department: 

Study your incubator. 

Acquaint yourself with all its parts. 

Read the manufacturer's directions 
for setting it up. 

Set it up carefully and according to 

Never try to run an incubator In a 
drafty place, nor near a stove, nor 
where the sun shines upon it. 

Set fertile eggs only. Waste no 
effort upon those that are doubtful. 

Learn how to trim and clean a 

Keep the lamps full and the wick 
and tube clean. 

Avoid smoke. 

See that the eggs are clean and dry 
before setting them. 

Balance all eggs, large end up, a few 
hours before placing them in the 

Do not overfill the tray. 

Turn every egg the third day. 




Stop! Think!! 

Don't buy a Disc Harrow witliout a 


P" Price $4 Deal*eV?;°S?ore. 

Transporting Truck 
always so conveni- 
ent. Easily earns 
lis cosi in saviny 


Prevents all dulling or breakafre in trans- 
portin(; from field to held or upon the 
road. Saves time and labor of leading 
upon a wacon. Every farm should have 
it because every farmer needs it. Write 
today for Free Circular^D. T, 

FETZER Sl company, 

Established jSsS 

Box 15f Middletown, Ohio. 

Fertilizer! Drill 

, / 




1 Too-dres- 


\ alDg or Drilliag 


1 in Ro^s. 


\ Sprt-ads to 

wldlh ol 5 rt. 

winches, 200 





Broad tlrfs. no i uttint;. Quick chnnirca rromdrill- 
ItiK to br..u,l,a«utik- ul»n iMillikk ami tliiii sprca.l- 
iii>. l-urMi»lip,Hvfihsli.ili8 or toiifiie. Write for 
dwHcnptive circulars and testlmoiiials. 
Special Largo SIza, Sows 8 Fool 3 Inch** WIdo. 

Belcher fi Taylor A. T. Co.. 

Bok 2S Chicopee Falla, Mass. 


eanily, p:iiiil,.>sl.v, ll.s, 

aii.llK-rlorn, til. ..inrnl 


n piuivi 

\^ Wuolle^,IILU.,Ai.laiita,ea.,103 N.Pryor St. 

Cool the eggs every morning. 

Be sure your hands are clean when 
handling eggs. 

Test all eggs by the seventti day. 

Test again by the eleventh day. 

Test again by the fifteenth day. 

If the air space is too large, supply 
moisture; if too small, put a saucer of 
dry lime in the room and run without 
moisture a day or two. 

Do not expect to learn all about the 
air cell the first hatch. You will learn 
that later. 

Do not disturb the eggs after the 
evening of the eighteenth day. 

Have a regular hour for incubator 

Do not tinker too much with the 

Get the adjustment right and keep 
it so. 

Heat your machine and make your 
adjustment before placing the eggs in 
the egg chamber. 

Harper's Weekly suggests that in 
these days of agricultural prosperity 
we should not forget the fine old far- 
mer's toast not uncommonly found on 
English drinking vessels in former 
times. It goes as follows: 
"Let the wealthy and great 

Roll in splendor and state. 

I envy them not, I declare it. 

I eat my own lamb. 

My chickens and ham, 

I shear my own fleece and I wear it. 

I have lawns, I have bowers, 

I have fruits, I have flowers, 

The lark is my morning alarmer; 

So my jolly boys now 

Here's God speed the plow. 

Long life and success to the farmer." 
The young man on the farm who is 
tempted to go to the town or city, giv- 
ing up a substantial certainty "for 
doubtful prospects, would do well to 
consider the truth expressed in these 
lines. The farmer's life is the most 
independent, and is beset with less 
temptations than any other. It is the 
nearest to nature and the farthest 
away from the degenerating artificial- 
ties of the modern world. 

It is because of this artificialtv and 
its false standards that the ten-dollar- 
a-week clerk, who may be fired any 
dav and not be able to pay his Ipundry 
bill, is led to consider himself supe- 
rior of the strong, sun-browned har- 
vester who gathers his own crops on 
his own land. 

There are higher prizes than those 
that are won by the successful farmer, 
but those high prizes are too often 
secured in part through a moral com- 
promise and a sacrifice of self-respect 
which the farmer is never called upon 
to make. 

The Review of Reviews for Decem- 
ber gives a nation-wide survey or the 
recent elections, with valuable edito- 
rial comment on the results in New 
York, Philadelphia. Maryland, Ohio, 
San Francisco, and elsewhere. 

KoCombires or Trusts in CUTAWAYS. 

CUrk'i Rev. Bitb Pl»w in4 Ditraw 

i-utuB tracit ."> ft. wide, 1 ft. 
deep. OonnectattaeBOb- 
4011 water. It Is an ez- 
'■ellent mac bine for 
overlng In lugar cane. 
■strength guarantt>ed. 

Can plow a newly out 

lorefit, stump, bash, or 

beg land, leafes land true, clean for any crop. 

:Urk'i DeiUe Aclln CiU- 

wiy lartew ■•?« IS.OW 

teat el tutb la ■ 4ay. idllifffl^lS i3 t/i 

Send for Circulars. 

Clark'A Rev. 5ulky Disc Plow 

,___.__^.,_^ Made single or double. 

^^'T.-S''JU>-\3!i-— 0°« o'' '*" furrows five 

§M& ^yr^Ai X7^'i~'^' *° '*° Inches deep; 14 

'^k <jy\2t SR'Sf^ Inches wide. For two or 

JK^VT7 W '<>"'• boi-ecB. LiKbl draa. 

^-'■''^ No Bide draft. No similar 

plow made. Wben Clark's grass tools are used 

1 directed In his grass circular, we, the C. U Co., 

g tarantee them to kill wild mustard charlock, 

hird hack, sunflower, milk weed, mornlnp glory, 

RisBian thistle or any other foul plant thai 

g owH, or money refunded. Now is the time to 

cummence work for next year's seeding to grass. 


Hlgganum, Ct., U. S. A 



Great thing for home 

work, a money maker 

for jobbers. Very 

speedy and durable. 

Saws wood, poles, 

posts, rips boards, 

pales, lath, etc. Three 

sizes. We make several styles and sizes Feed 

Mills. Write for free booV'''*s. 

New Holland Mach. Co., Box 153 , New Holland, Pa. 


FoldJog Saw tag M jch Co.. 1 58 E. Harrison St., Chicaso, IlL 

Well Drills 

For Horse, Steam or Gasoline Power 

Well Augers 

For Horse Power 





BRBP WELL DRILLING a apeclatty. 
Ratlmatea made free of charge In all lorall- 
rlea. If Toil want any work done writ* 
H. B. SPHAILL. MIchHUi. Va. 


Inry for a man with 
riK to Introduce our 
stiK-k and Poultry 
iti-iiifilii-8. This ('(I. means buelnese and can 
furnlah beet rpfprences. Send for Contract. 
DtTit. A7. ROYAL CO-OP. MFG. CO., In- 
dianapolis, Ind. 





Peas, Beans, Beets, 

' Buckwheat, etc. 

and Fer- 
time. V 


Belcher & Taylor A. T. Co., 

Box 26. Chicopee Falls, Mass. 

Get the Best 


Is a good pump. As prac- 
tical fruit growers we 
ing the ;om- 
ayers in our 
jhards— found 

• their defectsandthenUivtrnted 

• The Kclipse. Its success 
I practically forced us into man- 
" ufacturing on a large scale. 

You take nochances. Wehave 
done all the esperimenting. 

Large fully illustrated 
Catalogue and Treatise .^^ 
Spraying— FREE. 

MOKRilVii A- MORLEY, Benton Harbor. Mich. 


J. F. Gaylord, Box t2 CatgklU, N. I. 

c '■■ ;ii L.Lai88a.r j wanted, 

I ■^■■^■'"^MHI^B "''-^.y Cir.ularfree. 

iRochester Spr ay Pumii Co.. 21 E»st A» o., Rochesier, N. T. 

This "Williams" Pump FREE. 

To introduce our patented pumps in every county, we wili eend 
one pump tREEtotiie lirstto write accepting our speCia 
Of fer. Write to-day."A W 

B tulcram and 

made of Ir 

ove Euclcer-leather.Stoclc 

1, liase adjustable, brass 

n coclt prevents froezincGr* 


"Williams" Pump 467 ^ 

Krauaer's Litfuid 
Extract of Smoke 

Smokes nipat perfectlv in a 

few hours. Jlaiie from hicilorv " ocij 

flavor, rieanpr.clif'.np r No 

smolteliouse needed. Senil for 

~ KRAD8EK .k nT ■ " .. 


You should come to the farmers' in 
stitute because it is your meeting and 
your presence will help to make it a 
success. If you are not on the pro- 
gram or do not take part in the dis- 
cussion of the subjects, attentive in- 
terested listeners are just as essential 
as any other feature. Speakers can- 
not talk with interest and enthusiasm 
to empty seats. 

Some people never nelp with any- 
thing for the public without they see 
a penny in it and tney will not come. 
You are not one of tnem. 

You may learn something that you 
do not know. There are a very few 
smart people that think they know all 
about farming. But you are not one 
of them. (They have gone to New 
York and Pennsylvania to do institute 
work this winter.) 

You may learn a more economical 
way of doing things on the farm and 
make more profit from your labor. I 
have known many farmers that had 
all the money they needed, but they 
have gone to glory and are walking 
the gold-paved streets of the new 
.Terusalem. So you ait; not one of 

You may learn an easier way of do- 
ing things on the farm. Some people 
raise large crops in their imagination 
in the winter but loaf and talk politi- 
cal economy in the summer. But 
they have gone to the poorhouse or 
have been elected to office and are 
feeding at the county expense or 
sucking the government teat. So you 
are not one of them. 

You may tell some one how you 
raise the finest corn, wheat, fruit or 
stock at our agricultural fair, and you 
may not win first premium. But do 
not stay from the institute on that 
account. People that have "better at 
home" than they see at the fair 
never attend farmers' institutes or 
make exhibits at the fair. We have 
a few people of that kind but you are 
not one of them. 

You should bring your wife to 
every session. She may learn to 
make your home more pleasant and 
attractive and get acquainted with 
Mr. Smith's wife who is noted as the 
best housekeeper in the neighborhood 
and get an invitation to come over 
and spend the day and bring you 
along. Visiting and company are 
too much bother and expense. Just 
say hello over the phone. Your wife 
will not need a new dress for that 
kind of visiting, and the old buggy 
will do for you to drive over and see 
what Mr. Smith will take for a pure- 
bred calf. We have b rew men of 
this kind but you are not one of them. 
Let your daughters come. They 
may get acquainted with an up-to- 
date farmer's son that always attends 
farmers' institutes for the purpose of 
hunting up the most attractive lassie 
in the world for his wife. I know 


^^ GENUINE ^^ 

Split Hickory 

II ill ^'^^ bugrgry eruaranteed solid rubber\ 
U!ll ,;.«. Everything of the best. 30 days 
-ial. 2 years direct factory-to-yoi: 
ntee. Worth double the price. Write | 
[ and tell us what style vehicle you will 
I buy. Free 1906 Catalogue. 180 pages, 
V 100 styles— now ready. 

_-^ H.c.r.. 

|50. . 


Mow to Organize! 

A Farmers' Telephone Co- 

We have published a very in- g 
nietive telephone book esi)ec 
•illy for the man who want 
lo know ALL about telephon 
natters. It teils how to organ 
ze, how to build the lines 
.hoiit different types of 'pho 
lion; pives by-laws, 
coii.stitntioti!;; in fact it is a tele- 
phone eiiovnlopedia every farm- I 
er siiouUl h:ive. We send it free 
if you mention this paper. Ask j 
for Book use, "Uow the Tele- 
^. Helps tbp Fai luer." You will fret it | 
turn mail. Address nearest o 
I Stromberg-Carlson Tel. Mfg. Co. 
Rochester, N. Y.— Chicago, 111. 

Farm Phones 

enuJ t 

iioucy saved. 


Write lor Tree book expluiDing 
costunri how toor'.;iiuizc, l>uit'l itiid oper* 
ate telephoaesj-siemsamoag your nei(jli- 
burs. Cadiz ElcetrtcOo., 

58 0. O. C. liulldiiie, Cadiz. O. 



How to pill iheiu lip— whai ibey coal- 
why hey save you money — all In- 
formation and valuable book free. 
write to J. Andrae & Sons, 934 W. 

„ MilMaultee, Wis. 


lew and second hand, from 2 to 100 H. P. 
TRACTION ENGINES, S22S,on each ; 6 H. P. 
Vertical Engine and boiler, Sllo.OO; 8 H. P. 
Vertical Boiler and engine, .$«ii 00; 12 H. P, 
Vertical Bni ler and engine, .fmo.nO; 22 inch Corn 
Surrh, $50.00; Corn crushers from $10.00 to 
2S,00: Gas and (Gasoline Engines all sizes, new 
and second hand boilers from 2 to 100 H. P. 
Sew boilers of every description made to order 
CASEY MCH. CO.. Springfield, Ohio. 


That will thoroughly pulverize and evenly dla- 

Irlbute from one hundred pounds to ten tona 

per acre made In two sizes by J M. LIND&EY, 

Cryital Springs, Oa. 





Btoves are heavy weight, have large roomy 
Ovens, and all modern Improvements. Made 
only of the very best materials. 

Will be Elad to quote extremely low 




Stump Puller 

Clears an acre of heavy timber laad eack 
daj. Clears all etumpa la a circle mt IM 
feei without movlriK or changlnK machine 
BtroDgest, most rapid working and beet mad« 
413 17th St., Centrevllle. Iowa. 


Tbe best on earth . 
jou make no mistakf 
In buying of a niar> 
of 5 yeara' expe 
rience In pulltnfi 
Btiimps. We set up 
the I'liller and guar 
antee BatlBfRftloQ be 
fore we want your 
money. 5 Blfet 


rotten fenco posts. Just the thin? that 
the preHent dtimand. Choap, Rtron?, durable. 
Easily made at home or in a large way. Sand, (rravel, 
cemcut and carbon looped rods as rclnl'orccment. 
State or county rlarhts for sale. Agents wanted. 
Excellent prod , s. Wil tc. 

B. F. STCLTZ, Elkhart, Indiana. 

.some farmers' girls that are so dis- 
siiistecl with farm life that they would 
rather go to the town or city and 
work in a store or factory than be the 
wife of any farmer. But you are not 
one of them. 

Bring your whole family and lunch 
to the morning sessions and stay all 
day. Have a mid-winter social and 
picnic and a good time between the 
sessions. You will all have a jolly 
good time and a two-days' outing that 
will help break the motonony of the 
long winter. I know some families 
that stay at home all the time. 
Never go to a picnic or social gath- 
ering where the whole family can go 
together and spend the day. The 
young folks from such families have 
gone to the cities to live. You are 
not one of them. — J. T. Dew, Sec'y 
Summerfield O., Institute. 


A distinct Christmas flavor found in 
Lippincott's Magazine for December, 
adds to the general interest which is 
never lacking. This is a season ot 
happiness and Lippincott's is happy 
too. .lolliness, humor, and pathos are 
there, but the deeper tragedies of life 
have no place in this issue. 

The opening novelette, "Of the 
Lion's Breed," is by Grace MacGowan 
Cooke in collaboration with Vond 
Reed; and it is good enough to indi- 
cate the quality of the seven shorter 
stories which follow. It is a pictur- 
esque romance of the coal fields, 
strongly dramatic, yet treated with 
the utmost simplicity. 

"Josiah Allen's wife" calls her 
amusing contribution " The Last 
Straw." This may prove illuminative 
to husbands. Mrs. I. Zangwill, who 
still writes under her maiden name, 
E. Ayrton. is the author of "Don 
Cupid," a sweet child sketch with a 
rown-up love interest. An automo- 
bile racing story by Ralph Henry Bar- 
bour, called "Victory With Honor," 
abounds in humorous situations and 
lively dialogue. "A Studio Mouse," is 
a clever tale of artistic life among the 
"cliff dwellers." In it the Mouse 
(George Knox) describes a courtship 
which threatens to cut off its source 
of supplies. Seumas MacManus, the 
Irish humorist, tells "How Condy Dhu 
Raised the Devil," and makes it 
superlatively funny. Ella Middleton 
Tyliout's story, "A Moment of Confi- 
dence," shows two pictures of the 
fireside, — which cynics try to make us 
bnlieve is obsolete, — very real human 
pictures, complete in contrast. "The 
Wildwood Limited" is a story of a 
locomotive engineer, by Cy Warman, 
whose name in the line he has chosen 
has few equals. This tale will be es- 
pecially enioyed by rallroan men. 

Marion Harland once spent Christ- 
mas in Beth-lehem of Judea. She 
describes the Christmas ceremonies 
In the Church, which is built on the 


Kartman Stockade Woven 
Wire Fence 

F.\ er built was erected 17 years ago and is still in 
nso 09 durable and strong ns when first put up. 
The llartman is operfectly woven wire fence that 
is strong enough to keep in the maddest bull and 
fine enough to keep out the chickens. It is made 
of the best quality galvanized steel wire and con- 
tains much more material than fences more cheap- 
ly constructed. That's why it lasts so long. If 
your dealer doesn't handle it, write for catalogue 
and prices. Address 
GLEN MFG. CO., 103 Mill St., Ellwood City. Pa. 

AUo Mfrs. llortmnn Steel Picket Fence. Hart- 
man Flexible Wire Mats and Oleii Steel MaU 


gives lusting scr- 
vi'-e above every- 
thing -cliPiingulsh- 
Ing it from tbe 

others. Theie'B a dlf- 

ierenee of course in the 

W'le, the construction, 

t he t^fllvanaziDg. fce-ud 

free book No. 8. 

Anchor Pence & H'fg Co., Cleveland, Ohio. 

(^ ( ^« What are your tence Plans? 

"^ -.e "Jones" 

ice. The wire is carc- 

V fully selected, the laterals 

are heavy coiled spring 

wire; the uprights strong, 

hard and sprinu^j'. Write 

for catalog No. 8 today. 

International Fence Co. 

■Agents Wanted 98''iittles-Av.,r.olumbus,0. 

uL^s&i,Lj;^LAWN FENCE 

(i:ir|i'>;rt:i'>:i'>:ii ^i^^x^, 

ipcini I'ricei to Cp) 
terlenandCharcheB. Addresa 
£ox Q ninehetter, lad. 

Wire Fence 90f 

48-in.stnck fence per rod. -nlv^-^^ 
H«t!ni:hrarl..mcoilc.islcr-l ^^riny: wire. 
Tata!.-..,: of feii<,es . t..oK ami snpi -1 ics FREE. 
I'.'iv .ilrf. , ,,t '>),Ml,-s:ile. Writr- t.Mlay. 
MASON FENCE CO. Box SO Leesburg, O. 


rtLntrt. MADE. B„u 

AJways mention the Southern Plant- 
er when writing advertlserg. 






Made on s ie t fie principles, it sares I 
TIME, as well as CLOTUKS. I 

Made by the largest vvoi>denware man- 1 
Hfacturers in the world, who can afiford to I 
mate the hest Washers, CHEAPKRB 

Send for lUuBtrated catalogue, it will 
please you. t 

-end for the machine Itself, It will ' 
satisfy you, I 


The Ricbmond Cedar Works. 

Richmond, Va. I 


and otlier INSECTS kiUed by 


Caustic Potash Whale-Oii Soap No. I 

Endorsed hy U. S, riept of Agrt, and State Eiperimff!, 

Btatiuns. Tlussoapisa Kertilizer as well asanlnaecS 

cide 60-11.. kegs, to 60; loo-lh. kriis, S4.;«: half bairr. 

rolb.,3Ji;perlb: barrel,4251b.,S!c. fiend for BookT.f 

SSS.41 *. FroBt 6lreM, PlUadelf hla, P«. 


kills Ptalrle Dega, Wood- 
chucka, (jrophera, and 
Uraln Insects. "Tbe 

_ . wheels of the Gods grind 

Blow but exeeedingly gmall " So the wetvil, 
but you can stop their grind with 
~ " ~ 'as others 

are doing. 

Fuma Carbon Bisulphide 

BDWAKO R. TAYLOR, Penn Van, N. Y. 

Save TKe Posts 

Old field pine made to last longer tli»» 
cedar or locust by creosoting with dead oil o' 
coal tar. The creosotlng of lumber makes li 
practically indestructible, stops all rot and 
U absolute death to all Insects. Write foi 
Norfolk, Va," 


Axle Grease th^i?o',?a 

[t« wearlne quBlltiei art unsurpaiaed ae 

tnally oatlastlng 3 bis. any other brand 

Not affected by heat, «»-6et the 8«nuln« 


Mention Th« Southkkn P^laktbi In 

site of the Manger where Christ was 
born, and gives much interesting 
news of the town, in her paper in the 
Christmas Lippincott's. 

A paper on "The Moaern Lyceum," 
by Paul M. Pearson, supplies up-to- 
date information on this live subject; 
and Wimer Bedford, a Veteran, writes 
an anecdotic article on "Some Gen- 
erals of the Civil War," This will 
be followed by a second paper of fur- 
ther reminiscences. 

Christmas poems by Charles Han- 
son Towne and Clinton Scollard mark 
the glad season. 

"Walnuts and Wine" have caught 
the prevailing happiness and reflect 
its spirit in joke and verselet. 


Notably rich in color is the Christ- 
mas "Century"; its many pages in 
color and tint and its store of Christ- 
mas story and verse making it a 
handsome gift book in itself. 

Pre-eminent among the fiction of 
the month, of course, is the continua- 
tion of Mrs. Humphrey Ward's "Fen- 
wick's Career," the new chapters 
carrying the young Westmoreland 
painter into London into a world of 
thought and of people altogether new 
to him. There are Christmas stories 
by Elizabeth Foote, "The Rough 
Places;" by Lawrence Mott, "Jean 
Baptiste's Christmas Present;" by 
Myra Kelly, "Star of Bethlehem," 
by Jacob Riis, 

Nor is the number lacking in more 
serious offerings — "An Intimate Study 
of the Pelican," by Frank M. Chap- 
man; further chapters of Camille 
Gronkowski's "Historic Palaces of 
Paris" and Catharine A. Carl's "In the 
Court of the Empress Dowager." 

The December St. Nicholas is rich 
in Christmas cheer, pretty verse, ab- 
sorbing stories and jolly pictures — a 
ift-book which should crown every 
stocking and tree in the land next 
month. Besides the >fecond instal- 
ments of the new serials. Miss Helen 
Nicolay's "The Boy Life of Lincoln," 
Captain Harold Hammond's "Pinkey 
Perkins: Just a Boy,- Ralph Henry 
Barbour's "The Crimson Sweater," 
and Agnes McClelland Daulton's 
"From Sioux to Susan," there is a 
store of short stories: E. Vinton 
Blake's "A Mislaid Uncle" and "A 
Snowbound Santa Claus," by Izola L. 
Forrester, both tales of the Christ- 
mastide; "The Grand Circuit," the ad- 
venture of a man, a bear and an elec- 
tric light wire told by Frank Lillie 
Pollock, and "On the Rigi," a delight- 
ful story of two boys worth know- 
ing, by Rebecca Harding Davis. 

Grownups as well as the girls and 
l)oys should read with interest Mau- 
rice Francis Egan's sketch of "The 
President ..n. ii. Boys," an article 
that comes :rom oi.r> who knows the 
President intimately and who is a fre- 
quent guest at the 'WTiite House. It 
tells about one special boy who called 

CM flC" 

p« tell 

Tactly what 

ive are doins 


U e lion 


III that tills 

3 a till 

tO (HI « 

atch, hut It 13 a 


■UO wntc'h 


r, being lmi<] p 

for realty cash, lee 


ila wholesale tli 

<KJ, 1.UI 

tins no 





r pi-olit not 

Id be lillie mere 


Tl ^„.,„ 

2 1 Jeweled, finely balanced and perfectly adjusted n 
It li;is s|iecially selected jewels, dust band, palent rcfiilator, 
en-imelcd dial, jeweled compensation balance, double liuiit- 
liifiT case, ireiiuliie eold-lnld and liandsoniely cn[;mved. 
"' ""*""• '' " -My tiiiKd. tested an.l regulated, l.cfor© 


Clip oiittliis advertisement 
ime, postoffice add 

t to na to-day with"yonr 

) ontce. Tell iib 

once. If :t saflsfles yon, after 
! express agent $5.45 and espress 
rs, but if it doesn't please yoa 

/ill he placed in the front case of 

the First X.-ili..nnl Cnnl! of Chicm-o. Crirital ?l'i HMO IIOO 

^ATlo^AL ci»\solii>ated watch go. 

l»ept, :i69,0]llCAC;0 

TT JJ P^P^ f A Geld Point 
■^"^^ • Fountain Pen 

A Pen that retails everywhere for $1.00: 
best .$1,00 Pen sold, given for selling 12 pkges 
DeKura's Headache and Neuralgia Cure at 
10 cents a packag^e. 24 pkges a Watch, 
T S I FAKF 627 N. 22d street, 
1 . J. uunuL, BICHMO^n, VA. 


■or the treatment of THE LIQUOR, OPIUM, MORPHINE Jit 
'ther Drug Addictions, Tlie Tobbacco Habit Nerve txhaustlof 


Chamberlin M'f'g Co , Olean. N. Y., U. S. A' 


Second hand bagS 

I Pay Freight, Write fnr Prlc»g, 

QEO. T. KINQ, Ricbmond, Va. 







Write for a copy of my book 
which describes the profit- 
able combinations of E,gg, 
Broiler, a:id Roaster Farms. 

It cives the prfcos paid for ecrps aiiri poultrv 
wepg by wpcb d.r the past three years. It 
telKt how and when a hatch taken oil each 
week in the year could be most iirolttalilv 
marketed. It shows howyou can make ^.w oh 
alarse winter roaster. It tell.-' what profits 
can be made with each of the popular breeds, 
and the coals of production. 

I have helped thousands toniake monev with 
poultry. My Mottei Incubators and Broodtrs 
are used on the money-making farms. It is mv 
I>u9iness to teach those who use- ihera to do so 
nrodtably. Whether your nee<ls are smaU or 
lanre, I will furnish, withoiir charge, csti- 
tnates^ and plans f,>r a ci>mplete equipment 
that will insure success without your spend- 
ing a dollar uselessly. 

Send for my complete literature. 


3947 HentTT Street, 

Buffalo, N. Y. 

Yoii can't tell a pood incubator or a good 

brrKider by l....kinK attheni. Theoniv true 

tes' is iti tlie Hatching and kaisins; of 

Chicks The machines that Prove 

Best by that test are the 


Ineubaicr* and Brooders. 

Alade by the man who 

knows and backed by the -- 

3. W. MilierCos.' guarantee to give you satis- 
f-ictory rpsulisnr yo.r monev backafier30, 
60 nr 00 days Free Trial. If you iir discour- 
aged try tiie— if you don't want to be 

disconraeei) trv the Ideal Sand lor Ih* book 
••Pouliry lor ProlU"-Fr«©. 128 (.a(JreH, Illustrates 
&DddiMifintM,»f>Turythlii,; iieede.l to raise poultry. 
Adar,; J. W. MILLER CO., 

maclline aud the cheap kiol 
Ttie Book te'.ls facts yoL 
ought to know if you aic think 

ising — big profits in 

Profit by the successful 

cfhods of others as dcscril«d 

I our book. Write for it today 

Geo. £rtel Co. Quincy, 111. 


An incubator 

get our free catalogue. It will give you 
some money-saving points even If you do not 
Box 11, Delawar« City, Del. 

The New Standard 

FullvOuarantei-.l. S,-n.l for FREE 
Catalog. NewRtBrdardlrcubstorOo. 
Li{ronier. Ind., Box 80 

on the President, with much inward 
trepidation, and went away his lite- 
long friend. The illustrations picture 
the President and his sons. 

The Cosmopolitan issues a splendid 
number for December. It is richly 
illustrated and contains fine reading 
for the holidays. It is one of the best 
of the cheaper magazines. 

The Theodore Roosevelt Professor- 
ship of American History at the Uni- 
versity of Berlin, the founding of 
which, by James Speyer, or New 
York, has just been announced, is 
the subject of an article by Librarian 
Canfield of Columbia University, In 
the Review of Reviews for Decem- 

The Review of Reviews publishes 
"exclusively." in advance of all its 
contemporaries, an address on the oc- 
casion of the celebration of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the Roose- 
velt Memorial University, October 15, 
2050 A. D. This important discourse, 
which is reported by Robert J. 
Thompson, of Chicago, analyzes the 
seate philosophy and ideals of Theo- 
dore Roosevelt with reference to 
some of the events of his two admin- 
istrations. 1905-09 and 1917-21. The 
address is entitled '"I'he Leaven and 
the Loaf," and will repay a careful 
reading by all students of the Roose- 
veltian philosophy. 

A little-known episode in the career 
of Prince Charles of Denmark, Nor- 
way's King-elect, is unfolded by Hrolf 
Wisby, in the December Review of 
Reviews. Mr. Wisby was a fellow- 
midshipman with the Prince some 
years ago in the Danish navy. 

The late Bishop Peck, of the Metho- 
ilist Episcopal Church, while presiding 
at a Now Hampshire conference, was 
entertained by a Mrs. Brown, who had 
a high reputation as a cook. She was 
f specially famous for her mince pies, 
and at supper the Bishop, who weighed 
three hundred pounds, at first declined 
a second help of mince pie. 

'I know some mince pies are indi- 
gestible, but mine are quite harmless," 
said Jlrs. Brown. So the Bishop yield- 
ed and had a second and then a third 

Evening came, and the large church 
was packed with people. The choir 
sang, and the preliminary services 
were well started, but no Bishop. 
Then two or three went out to look 
for the absent gentleman. 

They found him in Mrs. Brown's 
parlour, writhing in the agonies of in- 
digestion. One of the ministers said: 

"Why, Bishop Peck, you are not 
afraid to die, are you?" 

"No." replied the Bishop, between 
groans. "I am not afraid to die, but I 
am ashamed to." 

A neat Binder for roar baek warn- 
hers can be had for 26 oemta. AilJif 
our BnalTHw Offloe. 


Moiiey-savUig lii.pruvt-iiit-itts i-tuL<..(ii<<d only la 
the uew and pjtcuti-d. I'JoU-patterii Oi-nuine Stand- 
Jird Cyphers lucubaturs are. a veeulator that 
;,'Ives absolutely pL-rfect control of the tempera- 
tare and an iu.proved system of veiitilatiuu that 
^■unserves the natural moisture of the egg. gives 
a laiper supply of fresh air aud oxygen and 
insures more vigorous chicks, itt the suiue time 
i-.'ducliip the amount of oil retpiired; while a 
duzeii little couveuiences aid In reducing the op- 
erator's Work aud bother. Everyone who raises 
poultry and everyone who would like to raise 
poultry but who has thought it "too tuiKb both- 
pt." should investigate this Improved incubator. 
It will be a revelation to you. The big Cyphers 
Company's Catalogue and Poultry Guide (228 
pages Sxll). cataloging incnbutors, brooders and 
70 other go,id poultry supplies which they make, 
will be Rent you Free if you mention this paper 
and give names and addresses of two neighbors 
interested in poultry for profit. Address nearest 

Cyphers Incubator Company — BniTalo, Roston, 
Chicago, New York, Kansas City or San Francisco. 


N with the "MANDY LEE" heat, mo 
t;ure. ventilation— three essentials to snc- 
cessful hatches — are underabsolute and 
independent control of operator all 
the time. Catalogue 

tells how. Wriie today. < ^ 

CEO. H. LEE CO.,/f=^S" 
11S4)latney St., OIVIAHA, NEB. 



you great 

STAR Incubators &, Brooders 

61S Church St.. Bound Brook. N.J 




Metal Mothers 

Complete flre-proof hatching and broodingpiant 




fartlcularly Deer, tMid Turkeys. While 
Squirrels. Ducks, Swans. Dob White 
Quail, Grey Squirrels, Bear, Baby Rac- 
coons, Foxes. Etc. 


718 TwelHh St. N. W.. Washingtor. 0. C. 


All who desire to keep consnmptiMi 
Tom their homes, children or friends, m 
-ave care of those already afflicted, 
hould write for free directions to the 

Virginia Sanatorium for 


Ironviile, Virginia. 

A benevolent institution for care of the 
c>or consumptive and for the protectioa 
•I the community. 

»'• »r» invitnd to memberehlp. 



wantet) to deliver milk on City Route, milk 
and help feed. A splendid home guaranteed. 
Address DAIRYMAN A, c/o Southern 




Heiskell's OinfmenI 
Cures Skin Diseases 

For half a century Heiskell's Ointment has 
been used in all cases of Bkin disease with 
most gratifying results. Many have become 
entirely cured who had suffered untold pain 
and annoyance for years. One man in New 
Baltimore, Fa., writes that it cured him when 
he was raw all over. A lady in Thiladelphia 
cured a case of tetter of six years' standing 
In fourteen days, while a man in AUentown, 
Pa., cured his case of eczema that had trou- 
bled him for eleven years with less than two 
boxesof the ointment. These and hundreds 
of others have found that Heiskell's Oint- 
ment l6 worth more than its weight in gold. 
Being a purely vegetable preparation, Heis- 
kell's Ointment soothes and heals where 
others fail. It allays the itching and burn- 
ing common to all skin disease, and all yield 
quickly to its magic influence. 

There are many varieties of skin diseases 
with confusing titles, but they are all suscep- 
tible to one and the same cure— Heiskell's 
Ointment. No one need suffer long if aflaicted 
with any skin disease not of a constitutional 
characterifthey will apply this remedy. This 
iuciudtrSbUchskiu diseases as erybipeias, pru- 
rigo, eczema, milk crust, itching plies, Pcald- 
head, tetter, riDgworm. blackheads* psoriasis, 
pimples, freckles. In some cases it Is neces- 
sary to give some constitutional treatment, 
as in erysipelas, eczema, etc. ; the liver should 
be toned to healthy action and the blood and 
all the secretions purified. In all cases of 
skin diseaseoures are hastened by the use of 
Heiskell's Medicinal Soap before applying the 
ointment, and In cleaning up the blood and 
liver with Heiskell's Blood aud Liver Pills. 

Heiskell's Medicinal and Toilet Soap con- 
tains in a modified form the medicinal prop- 
erties of Heiskell's Ointment, aud is particu- 
larly effective in slight disorders of the skin, 
as rash, eruptions and abranions. It cleans 
perfectly, and in the bath is a greatluxury. 

Heiskell's Blood and Liver Pills contain the 
active medicinal principles of various roots 
and herbs approved in medical practice. 

Remember that there is no case so obstinate 
thatHeiskell's Ointntent will notcure it. The 
ointment Is sold at SOc a box. Soap at 2oc a 
cake. Pills at 25c a bottle. 

You can get them of any druggist, or we 
will seud by mail on receipt of price. Address 
Johnston, Holloway & Company, 631 Com- 
merce St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ring Worm Cured. 

After a month of torment, perfect peace comes to a 
poor sufferer from tetter, ring worm or other severe 
itching skin diseases, using a box of Tetteriue, the in- 
fallible cure for all skin diseases; fragrant, harmless, 
effective; used by physicians in their practice. En- 
dorsed by druggists. 

Only 50 cents a box at druggists, or by mail postpaid 
from the manufacturer, 

J. T. Shuptrlne, Savannah, Ga, 

Bathe with Tetterine Soap, 25c. cake. 


Raminisoanses' of a Virginian 83 
years old. 53 years an affiliated 

Interesting sketches of Amerlctn Statesmen 
Inclu'ilnff anecdotes and blitoric events datlnf 
from Nov. 1833 to the present time. 

Copy mailed on receipt of 25 cts. by address- 
the author. 
A. P. ROUTT. 18 Iowa Circle, Washington. D. C. 

A NEAT BINDHR, holding one Y«i- 
ume, 12 issues, can be had tor 26 
cents; Address our busimeat alBoa. 


All of the work of Blaine, McKinley, 
Dingley, Roosevelt and Congress along 
the line of providing reciprocity treat- 
ies with foreign nations has been 
"smothered" in some way in the Uni- 
ted States Senate. Most of those 
treaties would have promoted largely 
the sale of farm products abroad. 

In ordinary years we have a great 
surplus of wheat and other grains as 
well as of live animals and meats 
that must find a foreign outlet or 
prices fall to an unprofitable level. 

Now comes Germany with a tariff 
to go into effect March 1, 1906, which 
closes the second largest market for 
food products in the world against us, 
until we will "tote fair" with her. 

Farm products are the first form of 
merchandise to be hit. Insiae of 
two years, unless the Government 
acts, we will have lost trade that we 
cannot afford to lose. There is about 
SIOO.OOO.OOO per year involved in 
this to American farmers. 

We want the name and address of 
every farmer and business man in the 
United States who is interested in 
reciprocity. Address W. E. SKINNER, 
Sec'y American Reciprocal Tariff 
League, Great Northern Building, 

Mary Washington. 
No. 11. 

Mrs. Margaret J. Preston, one of the 
s-veetest singers Virginia has ever 
produced, was a Miss Junkin, daughter 
of Dr. Junkin, who was at one time 
president of Washington College, at 
Lexington, Va. She married Col. J. 
T. L. Preston, himself a writer of 
vigor, talent and culture. 

Mrs. Preston opened her literary 
career (1856) by publishing a novel, 
"Silverwood," which was not sensa- 
tional and did not succeed in any noisy 
way, but met with a fair amount of 
appreciation. The story was simple, 
but true to life and pathetic. 

Poetry was her true element, and 
in this, she made a high mark. Her 
longest and best known poetical work 
is "Beechenbrook, a Rhyme of the 
War," a narrative poem in 65 duode- 
cimo pages. This poem was written 
during the war, amidst scenes similar 
to those described. "Beechenbrook" 
is a Southern home, the master of 
which becomes a Confederate officer 
and fights and dies for the Southern 
cause. It is a work characterized by 
impassioned feeling and deep pathos. 
It draws a beautiful and exalted pic- 
ture of love between a husband and 
wife, the master and mistress of 
Beechenbrook. Altogether, It Is a 
book written from the heart, and 
which, consequently, goes to the 

"Regulus" is also a poem of power. 
Mrs. Preston has written a considera- 
ble number, both of lyrics and son- 
nets. Amongst the former, "Attalm- 


That Is Some Account. 


Pure from Pcpu, S. A. 

ANALrsaS : 

Chlncha : Loboi : 

9.50 per cent. .. .Lime. .. .18.S0 per cent. 
1;0.50 per cent.. .Bone Phos... 50.00 per cent. 
8.30 per cent. .Ammonia. .. 8.80 per cent 
2.00 per cent. . . . Potash .... 4.25 per cent 
9.00 per cent. .Phos. Acid. .23.00 per cent 

Organic Matter and and Ammonia Salts 
:8.00 per cent 13.00 per cent 

Inquire of your DEALER; if be baa not 
ot It, write to 

Wilmington, N. C. 

SHIPMENTS FROn { 51?)^^?^^^^ qN. 

Agricultural Lime 

50 Cts. Per Bag of 200 lbs. 

We make a specialty of all 
grades of 


Write for prices and fuil part culars. 




= Bills to Collect - 

In all portleBS of the United Statos. No ool- 
lectloB, No. Charge, Agoota wanted eTery- 
where. 2t year's eipertnice— PALMORBTB 
mend, Va. 

Chemical Analyses 

^'ATXR and other prodocta made at r m i j i- 
ihlo rataa. ComspoBdeaeo aoll e l t od. J. B. 
A'UUiS, Ph. D., Crowe. Va., Krpart ta 
xrUultaral aad ladaatrtel ChootUtrr. 

M*Bti*B TSB S*C 


PLAm^ la 




Of «T«r7 clasi. adapted to QralD, Fmlt, Dairy 
tMi Blue OrasB, wlthlo fire to thirty mllea of 
WaaUncton. D. C. 

N*. 80.— CoatalBB ISO acrea, ( mllaa (rem 
R. R. Near McAdam, Pike, 73 acraa elaara*, 
K acrea In timber, laad la a UtUe rolling, a 
(••d quality of red clay, a good young or- 
ckard, ]uBt beglBBlDg to bear. Farm watered 
by atream and well, Comfortable 4 room 
kaaae, new granary, stable for 4 boraea. 1-4 
mile to icbool, 1 mile to Stores, ctaarch, P. 
O., and ebope, situated la a good nelghbor- 
ka«d. Price (1,400, on eaay terms. 

N'a. 41.— 26 acres: 10 miles from Wasblng- 
toa, D. C. ; 2 miles from an electric and 
steam railroad. Thirteen room bouse In nice 
ahaded lawn, 2 cellars, well at bouse. Nice 
archard. In full bearing. All necessary out- 
bnlldlngs In good repair. Price, t3.500. 

Na. 43.— 30 acres; an elegant brown stone 
kanae, with 6 rooms, 2 porches. Three acres 
yauBg orchard. In full bearing. All neces- 
aary aut-bulldlngs, in good repair. A large 
atone mill building, with 2 sets of com burrs, 
haa t» foot water fall. Situated In a thickly 
Battled and refined neighborhood. Mill is in 
tkarough repair and doing a good local buel- 
aaas. Price, (3,200. 

Na. C— £1C acres, natural Blue Grass land; 
wall fenced; elegant well water. Good 6 
r«em house, with all the necesaary small 
farm bouses in good repair; good sheep barn 
Mx4*. Thrifty young orchard of apples. 
yaaches, pears and cherries. Land Is all in 
gimaa, except about 40 acres, that Is In corn 
naw. Close to schools, church, mill and poet- 
afflce. Four miles from railroad. This farm 
maaallr sends oft from forty to fifty export 
cattle In September. It Is located In a beau- 
tiful section of the county of Loudoun, 25 
mllea from Washington, D. C. Price, (16.00 
par acre; one-third cash. 

Na. ((.—Large merchant mill, new process, 
all modern improved machinery, cost about 
(14,000, situated In one of the finest grain 
sactlans of Northern Virginia, two and one- 
half miles from railroad. Ample water power 
Is ardlnary seasons, but fitted up with & 
tplandld boiler and engine to aid power in 
tke eTent of a drought. For sale to settle an 
aaute. Write for full description. Price. 
t7,M(.0O, on very easy terms. 

Writs for full laformatlon and price list of 
•tkar farms. 

No. 71.- 260 acres; a fine body of white oak 
timber. This land Is Just rolling enough to 
drain well; It Is a fine quality of land and Is 
i miles from the R. R. This timber Is esti- 
mated to cut from two to three thousand feet 
•f lumber to the acre. The land alone Is 
worth more than I am asking for both, and 
a quick business man can buy this tract and 
make en the clear either the land or 
the timber. It will not be on the market long 
at the price I am asking. Price, (16 per acr*- 

No. 75. — Contains 60 acres of Good, land 
FrvBtlDg OB McAdamlzed Pike, Land a little 
rolling, but considered Level, well fenced, 
abeut 10 acres In timber, 23 Miles from Wash- 
ington. Thrifty young orchard, apples, peach 
BBd pear, good 6 room house. Stable and 
ether out bouses all In good repair, 1-4 mile 
fr«m store, P. O., mill, and shops. In ele- 
■Bnt Belghborhood. Price (1,2S0. 

No. 106.— Contains 330 acres: 250 acres 
cleared, and very well fenced, this was at 
one time one of the flneft farms In Its sec- 
tion: it Is naturally a fine quality of soil, 
but has been rented for several years, and 
haa the face knockt^d off It; it Is a choco- 
late Clay Soil, which Is easily Improved, and 
will hold Imrrovement after receiving It, 50 
acres of rlrh bottom land on Bull Run 
river; the dwelling Is a comfortable S-rooca 
house, with nil the other buildings In very 
good repair. This farm will be sold on very 
eftsy terms, and would soon pay for itself 
grazing rattle and sheep. 4 miles from rail- 
road station. 1 mile from store, and post- 
offlce. Price (3.500. 

W. E. MILLER, Hemdon,Va. 

ment" is considered one of the best, 
but to my thinking she has written 
nothing sweeter than the poem I now 

■tt e mean to do it; some day, some day. 
We mean to slacken this feverish 

That is wearing our very souls away, 
And grant to our goaded hearts a 

That is holy enough to let tnem near 
The footsteps of angels drawing near. 

We mean to do it: oh, never I .'i^ubt. 
When the burden of day time toll 

is o'er. 
We'll sit and muse while the stars 

come out 
As the patriarch sat at the open door 
Of his tent with a heavenward gaz- 
ing eye, 
To watch for the Angels passing by. 

We have seen them afar at high noon- 
When fiercely the world's hot flash- 
ings beat: 
Tet never have bidden them turn aside 
And tar.y awhile in converse sweet. 
Nor prayed them to hallow the cheer 

we spread 
To drink of our wine and break our 

We premised our hearts that when 

the stress 
Of life work reaches the longed for 

When the weight we srroan with hin- 
ders less. 
We'll loosen our hearts to such repose. 
As banishes care's distractlnsr din. 
And then — we will call the angels In. 

The day we dreamed of comes at 

When tired of every mocking ruest 
And broken in spirit and shorn of 

We riron. indeed, at the door of rest. 
And wait and watch as the days wane 

on — 
But the angels we meant to call are 


Mrs Cornelia M. .Jordan, nep Mat- 
thews, was bom in T.^Tichbnrsr. Va.. 
.Tannari- '1. is^n. she was educated 
at tbp C?»bolic .^cademy of Visitation 
at Georeetown. She showed the 
poetic faculty stronely even in those 
earlv davs. and was called "tbp loet 
laureate" of the school. She married 
Mr. F. H. .Jordan, a lawyer of J^nray, 
Va. TTer Prst volume of noems, 
"Flowers of Memory and Hope." a 
cMlection of fugitive noems. anneared 
in ISfil. nubltshed by A. Morris, of 
Richmond, in duodecimo. 330 naees. 

In 1SRS. she nuhlished. in rather an 
ill timed way. a volirme entitled 
"Corinth and other poems." 

The leading poem was written In 
Corinth, where she went to be near 



for rent: SO acres In fine Apple trees; wUV 
make from $2,000 to J4.000 worth of fnilt 
per year; land will produce half bale of Cot- 
ton with use of only 200 lbs. Fertilizer; can. 
be made to produce one bale with proper 
handling: will furnish 2 mules, seed and 
necessary tools, the tenant to do all neces- 
sary work and pay for half of fertilizer an& 
give half of products of the farm; it will 
require a large family of good help to prop- 
erly cultivate and handle the products ot 
the farm; will furnish comfortable house for 
tenant and a 2-room house on the farm. Ap- 
ply to T. A. HOCBS. Keener, N. C. 


Where Health, Climaie. Soil, Location 
and markets are uniiur passed. Any 
tlze, place and price to suit ihe buyer 
of a stock, truck, fruit, poultry or fish 
and oyster farm. The James Kiver 
Valley Colonization Co. offers super- 
ior advantages to land bayer?. Write 
for free 36 P. pamphlet giving full par- 


C. & 0. Main St. Depot, - - Richmond, Vs. 



BER LANDS. ETC. We can offer yon great 
bargains In real estate sitaated In ROCK- 
TIES. All Information cheerfally and 
promptly answered. Livery, etc, free to 
those who mean business. J. W. GUINN, 
Goshen, Va. 

Old Virginia Farms 

Good Lands, Low Prices, 
Mild Climate. Send for our 

Larfrest list of Farms for sate In 
^.^_. tb« State. Let ua tell vgu WHY 

fc^^tTV this Is the country for the North- 


Ijltaii<ll'll CASSILIIM 
Varm*rij A.dll.r 

Richmond, Virginia 


Onr 10c map. In fonr colors, shows a 
half million acres of the most desirable 
lands and waters In the United States. 
Oar papers, which we send with the map. 
are full of Facts. Figures and Feature*, re- 
specting the Eastern portion of Virginia, 
Near-ihe-Sea. of Interest, use and benefit to 
the Home, Health, and Wealth seekers of 
the North, East and West, who want to 
secure homes or Investments In a mild and 
delightful climate. Send 10c In stamp» 
for copy of map and papers. A. JEFFERS, 
Norfolk. Va. 




her husband, who was on Beauregard's 
staff. It was a spirited war poem, 
praising the gallantry of Southern 
soldiers, with hits, here and there, at 
the tyranny of the North. Gen. Terry, 
then commanding at Richmond, or- 
dered it burnt as incendiary and ob- 
jectionable, and his orders were car- 
ried out, the volume forming a bonfire 
before the Lynchburg court-house. 
Had Mrs. Jordan waited a year or two 
till the violent public excitement had 
subsided, she would have been spared 
this indignity, and the public would 
have had the benefit of her work. 

She also wrote "A Christmas poem 
for children," a brochure of about 20 
pages. 1865. "Richmond, her glory 
and her graves," a brochure of 30 
pages. 1867. 

The last contains some other poems 
among which may be mentioned "Ap- 
peal for Jefferson Davis," "Farewell 
to the Flag," "Our Dead." 

One of her finest poems was the one 
on the death of Jackson. 

irs. Jordan was a woman of cul- 
ture, and of fine natural gifts. If she 
had had "push" ana enterprise, she 
would have made much more noise in 
the world than than she did, but these 
traits were not compatible with her 
temperament. If she had been so 
situated as to devote herself entirely 
to literature, she would have attained 
a higher standing in it, but the cares 
and struggles of existence forbade this. 
As it is, however, she manifested a 
vein of true poetic talent, not startling 
or extraordinary, it is true, but still 
refined and genuine. 




Mrs. Rosa Vertner Jeffrey, nee 
Griffith, was a native of Mississippi. 
In 1858 she published a volume of 
poems (Ticknor and Fields) which 
was very favorably received. Pren- 
tice, of the Louisville Journal, said of 
it: "In the blooming field of modern 
poetry, we really know not where to 
look for productions at once so free 
from defect, and so full of merit, so 
luxuriant, yet so pure. She has writ- 
ten nothing which 'dying, she would 
wish to blot.' " 

Another critic styled her "The Mrs. 
Norton of the South." She wrote also 
several novels which had only an 
ephemeral existence. 

She was married twice, first to a 
Mr. Johnson, then to a Mr. Jeffrey, of 

Miss Susan Archer Talley was born 
in Hanover County, Va., being of 
Huguenot descent. At the age of 
eleven, she had the misfortune to lose 
her hearing, and this had a great 
effect on tue bent of her studies, tastes 
and habits, causing her to withdraw 
more Into the inner world of her own 
thoughts and fancies. She com- 
menced writing verses at thirteen, 
and in her sixteenth year, some of her 
poems were published in the Southern 
Literary Messenger. The critics dealt 
kindly with her. Griswold gave her 

a .„ 

o _JLook at tbeee JSargains. 


A. 12% acres fine fruit and trucking 
lands. Good seven-room house, with 
basement; fine well at door, another 
one at the barn; all necessary out- 
buildings; planted to most every kind 
of fruit. A splendid place for truck- 
ing. A stream of water crosses one 
end of the place. Price, $3,000; halt 
cash, balance to suit. 

B. 10 acres adjoining above. One of 
the most commanding sites In Vienna. 
Entirely planted to apples, pears, 
peaches and cherries. Over one thou- 
sand young and thrifty trees on the 
place. Price, $1,500; half cash, bal- 
ance to suit. This ought to go with 
above, but will be sold separately. 

No. 137. 450 acres at Clifton Station; 
2 cottages and one tenant house on the 
farm; also IS-room hotel, with base- 
ment, that has been used for store- 
keeping; plenty of nice shade. This is 
a fine business place, a. fine opening 
for the right man. The tract can be 
divided up into a number of small 
places. The hotel has done a fine busi- 
ness. Price, $10,000; on easy terms. 
There is a fine, noted spring near the 

No. 105. 98 acres; 30 clear, 20 in cul- 
tivation, the balance In wood; fine 
stream through the place; 3 miles 
from railroad. Near school, church and 
store. Price, $800. Terms to suit. This 
would make a cheap farm. 

No. 106. 25 acres; all clear; 14-room 
house, in good condition; well at the 
door; barn and all necessary outbuild- 
ings; good fence; ail kinds of fruit; 
2V> miles north of Vienna, near school, 
churches and store. Price, $3,500 on 
easy terms. This is a fine, large house. 
In good condition; has beautiful shade; 
would make a fine summer boarding 
house. „ 

No. 182. 35 acres near Arlington; 33 
cleared and In cultivation, 2 acres In 
oak and other timber; four frame 
houses, two of five rooms and two of 
three rooms, barn, good wells. Five 
minutes' walk from the trolley car, ten 

minutes' from schools, churches and 
stores. Price, $15,000. 'Terms: All cash 
preferred. Will sell in tracts not 
smaller than five acres at $600 per acre. 
This property would make very valu- 
able building sites. 

No. 107. A bargain. 17 acres. 10- 
room stone and frame house in good 
condition. Has all necessary outbuild- 
ings; plenty of good, pure water; has 
peaches and apples. Fenced with pick- 
ets and boards. Also a large saw and 
grist mill with hominy and crUBher at- 
tachments; is run by water and steam 
power. Grist mill is 51 feet long and 
42 feet wide, 3% stories high; saw mill 
attached is 40x40, has a capacity of 
2,800 feet a day. The mill Is kept busy 
all the time. It is in a fine neighbor- 
hood. This is a fine opening for the 
right man. The reason for selling is 
that the owner is getting old and not 
able to do so much business. If eold 
right away will take $3,500 for house, 
farm and two mills, or will exchange 
for smaller property. 

No. 89. Fine blue grass farm. 600 
acres; two sets of buildings; new S- 
room house and cemented cellar. Old 
house has six rooms. Good well at the 
door of each house. Two good barns 
and all necessary outbuildings. 500 
fruit trees; 11 good springs; well fenced; 
45 acres In meadow; 30 acres in rye; 80 
acres in good pasture; 65 acres for corn 
this year; one-half mile from school, 
church and store. This is a splendid 
place and Is very cheap. Price, $8,500. 

No. 180. 19% acres. 8 acres cleared, 
balance In all kinds of timber. Near 
Springfield station, old house, spring 
nearby, some fruit, two mUes from 
school, church and store. Price, $300, 
on easy terms. 

No. 230. For sale: In Vienna, on easy 
terms, new 6-room house, reception hall, 
3 porches and fine cellar, barn and other 
outbuildings, well on the porch, lot lOOx 
200, all set out in peaches. Electric car 
stops near the house. This Is a beauti- 
ful home. Would be fins for an office- 
holder. Let me show you this house. 

Sent) tor mip new Catalogue of Bargatne. 

3^* 3f* German, 

jfatrfax, C. lb., Dtrotnta, 





Home Seekers and Speculators. 

I un iB poaltloD to abow yon the lartcast 
list of prop«rtlM 70a caa tot In Norttaem 
TIrrlila, coBilBtlns of STOCK. GRAIN, 
■>4 BU8INKSS SITES all within 1 ta 2 
baara of the National Capitol. For (r«* 
Otalogoe and fall pertlculara, call on or 
•MraM W. U. TAtLoR, Herndon, Ta. 

Virginia Farms 

MOST SELECT LIST, and in aU sec- 
tions of the State. 

R. B. CHAFFIN & CO., Inc. 

Richmond, Va. 

Northern Virginia. 

Grata, Fruit, Dairy and Blue Grass Farms of 
twerj class witbln one hour of Washington, 
D. C. _ 2^6 


Farms a Specialty 

Catalogue m application. 


Real Estate Brokers, 

Herndon. Fairfax Co., Va. 

To Exchange 

56 acres of fiae Timberland in 
North Carolina, for sawed lum- 
ber. HALL & JEHNE, Farm- 
ville, Va. 


Stock Farm 

■t 1.000 acres, half In valuable timber; M 
head of high bred cattle, must be aold re- 
fardleas of price on account of poor health; 
eonTealent to river and R. R. ; alcely located, 
inaual pasture. 

W. H. Buffkin, Elizabeth City, N. C. 

"h the Green Fields of Virginia." 

Heaaa for ALL: H«ath for ALL; Hapvt- 
MAS and IndepvDdenee for ALL. ALL ^s** 
It rAKMB at eorreapoBdlug prloM, hat ALL 

MACON & CO., Orange, V«. 

In the rreat fralt grain and 

stock lectlen of VIR6INIA. 

est climate inJ water In the U. 8. Near groat 

Barketi. with best educational advantage* 

Tor farther information, address 

(am'l B. Woods. Pres. ChariottefrUle, Va 



•E8. E. GRAWFORB & CO., Rlehmeid, Va. 

■■UhUabod un. 

Productive Farms, 

Baaover conoty, betweea the moantalai 
•B4 TIdewatar. Land and seaaoaa eaadnclvc 
ta saeeeaafnl farmlBg. rKANK H. COX. 
AaUaad, Tl 

FOR LOANS "^rRl^T'* 


K. A. LANCASTER, Jb. Richmond, Va 

unqualified praise, and Edgar Poe 
rated her hignly, pronouncing imagi- 
nation to be lier distinctive quality. 

Miss Talley published a volume of 
poems in 1859. The chief poem in it, 
"Ennerslie," reminds tne reader strong- 
ly of "The Lady of Shalott." There 
is a hoary tower, grim and high, a 
lady fair and pale, and a young Ix)rd 
(Ennerslie.) Altogether the poem 
seems to bring around us the atmos- 
phere of "Many towered Camelot." 

After "Ennerslie," I believe the most 
admired of her poems are "Madonna," 
"Cloistered," "Guy of Mayne," "Rest," 
and "Autumn Rain." 

She has also written some fine prose 
tales. I remember an admirable one 
that appeared in one of the early num- 
bers of St. Nicholas, entitled "Nellie 
in the Light House." 

She married a German by the name 
of Von Weiss. 

Mrs. Fannie Murdough Downing is 
a native of Virginia, being a daughter 
of the late Mr. John Murdough, of 
Norfolk County, Va. The Murdough 
family is a talented one, having pro- 
duced some of the finest legal ability 
in Virginia. Mrs. Downing's uncle, 
Mr. James Murdough was considered 
one of the ablest library lawyers in the 
State. In 1851. she married (while 
still in her teens) Mr. Charles Down- 
ing, secreury of State, at Tallahassee. 
She afterwards moved to North Car- 

She wrote a few noveis, but they do 
not exhibit as much talent as her 
poems, some of which are very earn- 
est and impassioned, and show 
traces of genuine poetic fire. 

Her longest poem (though not her 
best) is "The Legend of Satawba." It 
is supernatural and Impossible, still it 
is redolent of poetic feeling. 

"Egomet Ipse," is a physchological 
poem, full of the unrest of the awak- 
ened soul. 

"We will Walt," is one of her 
strongest and best poems. 

Mrs. Downing is a woman of in- 
tense Southern feeling, which is 
evinced in many of her poems, es- 
pecially those on Davis, in prison at 
Fortress Monroe. She is cultivated 
in the classics, as well as in modern 
literature, and is a social leader. 

Amongst the female poets of the 
South, Amelle Rives deserves a dis- 
tinguished place. She is a young 
woman of rich and versatile gifts, 
having made her mark as a novelist, 
a writer of short stories, a dramatist 
and a poetess. She is the grand- 
daughter of William Cabel Rives, 
Congressman, Senator and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to France during the 
first half of the 19tu century. He 
was a man of marked literary talent 
and was the author of a "life of John 
Hampden," "Ethics of Christianity," 
and "The life aBd times of Madison," 
a raloabie work In three Tolomes — hut 
which the author died before complet- 







3 gallons Spotless Paint ready forthe brush 

FREE with CHARGES PAID as a Sample 

to SKOIW you where you can gat the 

best and cheapest paint. 

1-liRED IN ANY LINE. We will send you 
eiioUi;h of our SPOTLESS PAINT, ready 
mixe.l and ready for the brush, to do any amount 
of painting you have to do with tlie distinct under* 
standing and agreement that you are to have the 
privilege of opening and using THREE GAL- 
LONS, giving ' ■ 


le time t 

t find, after malting your 

-WE guarantee- 

Do not pay three prices for paint until 
after you have tried this liberal proposition. 
Write for Color Card and Catalogue. 


Box 364 z RICHMOND. VA. 

'Feeds and Feeding" 

Prof. Henry's Great Book for 
Farmers and Stockmen. 

DeUyered anywhere for - - $2.(X) 


within i 1-2 miles of University of Va., for 
Sale or Rent. Apply 200 South St., Char- 

Virginia Farms. 

Farm! of any size with Improvements. 
Prices In reach of all. Free list. 

PORTER & QATFS, Louisa, Va. 


15 ACTt In Wayne Co. Ind. for Southern Planta- 
tion. Coach Stallions, Buff Cochin Bantams 
Cheap. C. J. ARMAND, Farmlngton, N. C. 




No mBtt«r how old the blemish, 
bow ]ame the honie, or how many doctors 
hava tried &nd failed, use 

Spavin and Ringbone Paste 

Use it under our gnaranteo — your tnoner 
rvfonded If It doMtiH louLe the horoe go 
sound. MoAt coaes cured by a single 45- 
minuto applicarion — occaaionally two re- 

§ aired. Cures Bone Spavin, Ringbone and 
idebone. new and old cases alike. Write 
for detailed information and a frru cop7 of 

Flemin({*s Vest-Pocket 
Veterinary Adviser 

Ninety-six pages, durably bound, Indexed 
and illustrated. Covers over one handred 
veterinury Bubjecta Read this book before 
you treat any kind uf luojeness In horses. 

FLEMiJNU URUis.. (JhemUts. 
S80 rnlon Stock Yardis Chicago. Ills., 

Tuttle's Elixir 

$100.00 REWARD. 

Cures all species of lameness, 
curbs, splints, contracted 
cords, thrush, etc. ,'vaVoxst%. 
Equally good for internal 
use in colic, distemper, foun- 
der, pneumonia, etc. Satis- 
faction sjuaranteed or money 
refunded. Used and endorsed 
by .4d'ams Express Company, 
TTTTIE'S FAULT EI.IXIH Cures rheumatism, sprains, 
bruises, etc. Kills pain instantly. Our 100-p^e 
book, "Veterinary Experience," frec. 
TOTTIE'S El IXIR CO., l(l4Bcwrly St., Boston, lass. 

Bewtre of Bo-called EliTin - none genuine but TptUe'B. 
\Toid all bliiteri: tliey offer only temporary relielif any- 

Seldom See 

a big knee like this, bnt your horse 
may have a bunch or cruise on his 
Ankle, Hock, Stifle, Knee or Throat. 


will clean them off without laying 
the horseup. No blister, nohairgone. 
$2 00 per bottle, delivered. Book 10-B 
free. ABSORBINE, JR., for man- 
kind. Sl.OO Bottle. Kemoves Soft 
Bunches, Cures Varicose Veins. Allays 
Pain. Genuine mfd. only by 
W. P. YUUNG. P. D. P. 
109 Monmouth St., Springfield, Mass. 


HEWTOirS HeaTC, CoDgh, Dlfl- 
l«Bp«r uid Indlgeatloa Cvr.. 

riDary i^pecitic for 

The Newton RemedyCo 
Toledo, OUo. 


For Specific Opthalmla. Uoon Blindners 
and other sore eyes, Barry Co., Iowa City, la., 
have a sure cur*. 




R. A. LANCA.STER, Jh Ri hmond, Va 


our Beautiful 1906 Calendar, one pair plated 
Cuft Buttons and one plated Scarf Pin for 
25 cents and names of Ave planters of Gar- 
den. Flower or Farm Seeds.— INTERNA- 
TIONAL SEED CO.. LavergBe SUUea, Chi- 
cago, lU. 

ing. We see that his grandaughter 
legitimately inherited her literary 
gifts. She was bom in Richmond, 
Va., in August, 1863. Her first print- 
ed production was "A brother to 
Dragons," published by the "Atlantic 
Monthly," which magazine, by the 
way, also published Miss Murfrey's 
first tale "The prophet of the great 
smoky mountain," and Mary Johnson's 
first novel, "The Prisoners of hope," 
thus Introducing to the public, three 
talented young Southern authoresses. 
"A brother to Dragons," won imme- 
diate recognition, anu shortly after- 
wards, a very fine sonnet by Amelie 
Rives, entitled "In two moods, " ap- 
peared in the Century. Her next 
poem to appear was "Grief and Faith," 
in which there was a rmg of deep and 
passionate feeling. 

She wrote two dramas in verse, 
"Athelwold" and "Herod and Mari- 
amne." The latter is a very powerful 
production. She has also written a 
poem entitled "Asmodeus," and a con- 
siderable number of detached and 
fugitive lyrical poems. She has just 
broken a long silence by issuing a 
new poem "Selene," of which the 
theme is the love of Diana (Selene) 
for Endymion. A critic says, "her 
delineation of the haughty goddess, 
whose adoration of a mortal man de- 
stroys her pride and power, yet whose 
love is so passionately enthralling, 
that she welcomes the humiliation of 
her high estate, is full of human charm 
and exquisite emotion." 

I subjoin a short poem by Amelie 


My heart, O sea, my heart too hath its 

Its moods of rage, its calms, its storms 

Its ice bound regions where no life 

Its snow fields where a rose would 

seem a stain. 
Its caverns deep, more numerous, 

Than shells that in their dreaming 

sing of thee. 
Its wrecks majectic and its towers tall 
Of moon white castles, built for ecs- 

But turned by time to echoing tombs 

Where many a drowned hope doth lie 

in state. 
So, these are mine too, but that jub- 
ilant scorn, 
That blithe disdain of ever changing 

Which thou by very mutability 
Dost manifest to all — that would I 

learn of thee! 

Before thine altars of Implacable rock 
O'er hung with foam shower garlandl 

And jarred ever by the clangorous 


Warrantatl to Give SailataClon. 


Caustic Balsam 

Has Imitators But No Competitors. 

A Safe, Speedy and Positive Cure for 
Curb, Splint. Sweeny, Capped Hock, 
Strained Tendons, Founder, "Wind 
Puffs, and all lameness from Spavin, 
Bingbone and other bony tumors. 
Cures all skin diseases or Parasites, 
Thrush, Diphtheria. Removes all 
Sunches from Horses or Cattle, 
As a Human Remedy for Rheumatism, 
Sprains, Sore Throat, etc.. it is iuvaiuable. 
^very bottle oC Caustic Balsam sold Is 
Warranted to (rive satlylactton. Price $1,50 
per bottle. Sold by drupirists. or sent by ex- 
press, charges paid, witii full directions for 
Its use. t^rsend for descriptive circulars, 
testimonials, etc. Address 

The Lawrence-Williams Co., Cleveland, 0. 

Mr. Farmer! How is this? 

We Guarantee 

Foutz Proteinous Stock Food. 

Jl PER cin DIIESTigiE 

to contain 76 to 90 per emit. Pure Protein, be- 
ing 13 times as much as Oats, 15 times as 
much as corn and more than 5 to 10 time* 
that contained by any advertised condlmental 
Stock Food. It has an actual nutritlre yalu* 
of 6 1-2 times Oats and 6 1-4 times corn. It 
is the easiest, CHEAPEST, BEST an4 oulr 
absulutely reliable way to balance your 
animal's rations. 

Send for "Protelnology" free to Stock 
Baltimore, Md. 

A neat Binder for your back m«M- 
bers can be had for 26 eeaU. Addrm 
our Business Offlca 











Send for Catalogue. 




Cow Peas. 

We offer for prompt shipment, 7.000 bushelt 
•f cow peaa. free from weevil; 1906 crop: 

Claya and mixed S1.15 per bushel. 

Blacks, Whips., and Red rip- 
pers 1.25 *' *' 

New Eras 185 •• " 

Whites 1,50 

Soja beans 1.15 '• " 

Amber Cane seed 100 " 

1,000 bushels Burt 90 day Oat, 6oc. per bushel, 
f. o. b. here. 

We also offer several thousand bushels of 
choice SEED SWEET POTATOES, for spring 
delivery, of the following varieties: White 
Yam, Queen, Vlneless, Early Red Skin, 
Pumpkin Yam. Norton lam and Haytl. 
Write for prices. 

Hickory. N. C. 


76c per 100. ^6 per 1,000. 
As valuable In summer 
against sun-scald, hot winds 
etc., as they are In winter 
against cold and rabbits. 
Recommended by all leading 
Orchardlsts and Horticultural 
Societies. Send for samples 
and testimonials. Do not 
wait until RabbiU and Mice 
ruin your trees. 

Wholesale Nursery Cata- 
logue now ready. 

Send for copy. 
Agents Wanted everywhere. 
Fort Scott, Kans., Box fl. 


One Tear Old and June Bud Peach Trees, 
One and Two Year Old Apple, Pear. Cherry 
and Plum Trees, Grape Vine, Shrubbery, 
Roses, etc. Also all kinds of Small Fruit 
Plants, Strawberry Plants by the million. 
Write for Catalogue. 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Of votive waves — there while the 

mirrored crescent 
Of young Selene's forehead gem doth 

As In a shaken glass of chrysolite 
Upon the love tossed armor of thy 

Tnere while long singing lines of 

breakers white, 
Like rows of vestal virgins seen afar, 
Come trooping up thy dark sonorous 

And evening offers up her loveliest 

There will I proffer thee my vanished 

My joys foresworn, my sorrows yet 
to be. 
So thou but hear my prayer, O well 

beloved sea! 


Some years ago, soon after bicycles 
began to be freely used throughout 
the United States, an agent for a 
New York house turned up at a vil- 
lage in Central New York. He expa- 
tiated to an old farmer upon the vir- 
tues of the new machine, dwelling 
upon what a time-saver it was, and 
withal how fashionable it would be 
for the old farmer to be able to ride 
down to the village on one of the new- 
fangled machines whenever he wanted 

"Why," said the agent, "whenever 
you go to the post-office, bank or store 
everybody will stop and stare at Far- 
mer Wilson, and pretty soon you'll be 
the most-talked-of man in the whole 

"That may be so," replied the far- 
mer, "but I tell you I'm a-needin' a 
good new cow mo'n I am one o' them 
things you're a-talkin' about." 

Nevertheless, the agent extracted a 
promise that the old man would save 
up his money and purchase a bicycle 
when the agent came around in the 

According to promise, the agent was 
on hand in the fall with the wheel. 
The farmer took him in charge and 
carried him out to the lot and showed 
him a fine .Jersey cow. 

"That's what I bought with the 
money I saved up for you." said the 
farmer. And without waiting for the 
agent to recover from his surprise he 
went on, "I 'lowed that I needed the 
cow mo'n I did the bicycle, an' there 
she Is. Ain't she a beaut?" 

When the agent recovered his 
breath he said. "You'll look funny rid- 
ing that cow to town, won't you?" 

"Ya'as," drawled out the old far- 
mer, "but I'd look a darned sight fun- 
nier tryin' to milk a bicycle." — Silas 
X. Floyd In December Lipplncott's. 

Resolutions unanimously adopted by 
the National Grange of the Patrons 
of Husbandry, representing 800,000 
farmers, at the 39th Annual Conven- 

N i^^^M— ^^^»^^^P^i^%^^^^ 


Tobacco = Seed* 

Farm in the World. 

Headquarters for Tobacco 

Seed of Every Variety. 


Hyco, Halifax Co., Va. 



I ofler a fine lot of whole root trees. 




Save agent's commission by sending 
your orders to the nursery 


All Stock Inspected and Fumigated. 


r.^w Home, /UrdinsI, CSmmonwealft, Oaks Early. 
Charap-OD, Glcapiary, Wm. Belt and 91 otiers. LacreHa 
aad Prccio Dewberry. Seeds: Liviogstoa's Globe and 
Mlcos Best Tc^.ato. Aliens First Choite and Rocky 
Ford CantatonpcV/Vllen's Money Maker. ^arly Fortane 
and PcDipsnla Pn^Cnenmber. ValuabLiJ tested noTelties 
and a full line stindard garden, field/and flower weds, 
bulbs, etc Write /o^handsome (reey(italo£ac J5 

W. F* ALLEN, ^allsbp^, MaryUnd. 


Send 10 cents and 

stamp for oor 

BEAU'I'IFUL Calendas 

—and — 

For 1909. 

Lavergne Station, CHICAGO, - - ILLINOIS. 


Growers of choice rarletlet ibj budding 
ind graftlne) In tbe more Important ipe- 
"les of Nut l>earlne treea, which ar« of ralac 
CO planurt In ttalt countrr. BzUdiIt* 
propaeatora of tbe Improred Laree, Paper 
«nd Soft Shell rarletlea of Pecana. Write 
ror cataloeue. 

J. -F. JONES, Manager. 


Fruit trees. Raspberry, Plants etc. Every- 
thlDR for the Fruit Grower. Senrt today for 

Sherman Heights, Tenn. 

Always mention the Southern Plant- 
er when wrltln£ advertisers. 






Make sure a yield of quantity and 
qiialitv. When your father planted 
Ferry's, they were the best on the 
market, but they have been Improv- 
ing; ever since. We are experts In 
flower and vegetable seeds. 
1906 Seed Annual, beautifully Illus- 
trated, free to al 1 applicants. 
D. M. FERRY A CO., Detroit, Mich. 


Extra fine plants of SUCCESSION, EARLY 
per thousand. Large lots $1.00 per thousand. 
F. O. B. Express Charleston. Cash with or- 
der.— ALFRED JOUANNET. Mount Pleas- 
ant, S. C. 


The Olives Pride Oak's Early the 
best 40 other kinds of strong and 
healthy true to name. Second crop 
Seed potatoes. Asparagus Roots. 
Seed corn, etc 26 years experi- 
ence, Catalogue free. JOHN W. 
HALL. Marlon Sta. Md. 



100 or more barrels of fine stock for Sale.— 
J. W. MINER, Oak Grove Farm, Eaatvllle, 


Insure Your Buildings. 

Write for booklet giving plan 
and explaining how you can 
become a member of the . . 

Farmers Mutual Benefit Ass'n, 

thus securing cheap fire pro- 
tection. Property insured, 
JlOO 000 ; average cost per 
«1 000 per year, U.m. 
Memberships and risks lim- 
ited to Eastern Va. 


Make Your Idle Money 
Earn You Interest. 

ol RICHMOND, VIRQINIA for infor- 
mation concerning its certificate of 
deposit, so arranged that one per 
•ent. may be collected every POUR 
MONTHS through your nearest bank 
or store. 

Oar experience proves this form for 
eavinga to be the most satisfactory 
plas yet devised for deposits of $100. N 
or more. 

Our Capital and Sorplus it 


JOHN B. PURCELL, President. 

JMO. M. MILLER, Jr., Vice-Prei. & Caihier. 
DBAS. R. BURNETT, Assistant CMhier. 
}. C. JOPLIN, AsalBtact Caihler 

tion at Atlantic City, N. J., November 
20, 1905. 

Whereas, Alcohol is a material nec- 
essary for use in manufacturing many 
important articles of commerce, and 

Whereas, Our internal revenue lawB, 
contrary to the policy of all other 
great commercial nations, make no 
distinction between alcohol used as 
a beverage, and that used for indus- 
trial purposes, a tax of $2.07 per gal- 
lon being imposed on all high proof 
alcohol, and 

Whereas, It has been found entirely 
practicable in Germany, France, Great 
Britain and other foreign countries, 
which are our competitors for the 
trade of neutral markets, to exempt 
from taxation alcohol rendered unflt 
for internal use, while taxing bever- 
age spirits, and 

Whereas, The removal of the tax 
from industrial alcohol would greatly 
reduce the price of that material, and 
would make possible the establish- 
ment of many new industries for the 
manufacture of articles now imported 
from foreign countries, thus giving 
additional employment to American 
workers, and creating larger domestic 
markets for our farm products, and 

Whereas, It has been demonstrated 
in Germany, Prance, and other foreign 
countries that alcohol is an excellent 
substitute for gasoline as a motor 
fuel for running all kinds of farm ma- 
chinery, and with the tax removed 
immense quantities would be used for 
this purpose, and for heating, cooking 
and lighting, and 

Whereas, The demand for alcohol, 
consequent on its general consumption 
for industrial purposes, would create 
large additional markets for our sur- 
plus corn and other farm products 
from which alcohol is distilled; 

Resolved: That the National 
Grange, representing the organized 
farmers of the United States, urgently 
requests the removal of the internal 
revenue tax from alcohol rendered 
unfit for us as a beverage, and urges 
upon Congress the necessity for the 
Immediate enactment of legislation 
for this purpose, and tne Legislative 
Committee is hereby directed to urge 
such modification of the revenue laws 
as will carry out the purpose of these 

A manufacturer at a recent meeting 
of the Incubator Manufacturers' Asso- 
ciation in Indianapolis, in discussing 
"setting hens," said: The hen has al- 
ways misconstrued her mission on 
earth. It was meant for her to de- 
vote her time to nothing but laying 
eggs, and when she goes to the trou- 
ble of setting for long weeks at a 
time she is exercising a right that 
belongs solely to incubator manu- 
facturers." — Farm Economist. 

We think the hen will still be at- 
tending to what she thinks her busi- 
ness when some of the incubator 
manufacturers have quit. 


For Reminglon 

For Winchester 

For Savage Rifles 
For Marlin Rifles 
For Stevens Rifles 
For AU Rifles 

U.M.C. cartridges 
are universally pre- 
ferred by sports- 
sh togetfcheirfuU money's worth. 
Your dealer sells them. Free Catalogue. 

U. M. C. cart'idses are guaranteed, also 




Agency: 313 Broadway, - - New Yor 

•Young Lady: L 
StenograpHy £* DooKKeesping. 

There's a place in the commercial 
world for you -witli a good salary 
and steady advancement if you are 
rnally anxious to succeed and do 
your best. 

Lady graduates of this college oc- 
cupy po-iitions of trust with the 
larprest mercantile houses. Will be 
clad to have you write for a cata- 
logue. Either place. 


Birmingham. Ala. 

Houston, Tex. 
Richmond, Va. 



Write for Catalogue. 

Piedmont Business CoIIe^ek. 
Lynciibor^, Va. 

Nursery Stock ^-o^-*^ 

Applea, Pears. Peaches. Plums, Cherriet, 
Blackberries. Raspberries, Currants, As- 
paragus Boots and Jihubarb; Grapet 
in assortment; American Ginseng Skkd and 
Roots. Full line of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, 
Hedge Plants and Roses. Peach treei 
srowu under contract. Write for prices. 




One Dozen Eggs 

in winter are worth three dozen in summer. 

Feed riffht and they will come. You can 

double up vnur OLrp money several 

times tbis winter by feeding 

Darling's Laying Food 

DarlJnc's 100 lb. ba? line as follows, f. o. b. 
Chicatro or New York: LAjing Food 82.00, 
Forcinp Food •2.00, Scratching^ Food tS-OO, 
Chick Feed 82.50. Mica CiTBtal Grit 65c 
Oyster Shelln 60c, cash with order. Alao 
Beef 5Jcraps. Beef Meal . Bone Mea 1 . etc. 

Send fornewcatatoc. Lists bf(.'be?t anal- 
ity fno<ls and supplies. Only the standard 
thJnps. FREE. Address nearest office. 

, Ccioa Stc«k Ikki. Cblnc^ 


If you want your hens to lay during the 
winter monttaB, they must have egg produc- 
ing feeds. We have them — come to see us. 

Alfalfa Clover Meal J2.25 per 100 lbs. 

Valentines Meat Meal 3.00 

H. O. Scratch Feed 2.00 

H. O. Mash Feed 2.00 

KafBr Corn 1.75 

Cracked Peas 1.50 

Ground Oats 1.50 

Cracked Corn 1.40 

Oyster Shell 65 • 

Granite Grits ...1.00 

Conkey's Roup Cure 50 " box. 

W. J. TODD, 426 N. 6th St., Richmond, Va. 


in Chicken Raising «U 
clearly explained in our 
New 1906 Catalogue 
The rearing of young chicks. How to 
make Hens lay. Wecarry a large stock 
of Poultry Supplies, Incubators and 
Brooders and will quote lowest prices. 
'We own a broiler plant and breed S. C. 
White Leghorns and Barred Plymouth 


p. O. BOX o(«, BRISTOL, TENN. 

Dr. H. H. LEE, Prop, 



Special prices made now to 
reduce stock before winter. 
Write lor prices for what is wanted. 




Eggs for hatching, 75 cents, per 13. Butt 
Bantams' eggs, Jl.OO per 10.— J. HARRISON 
^TES. Prop.. ChantlUy, Va. 


Mary Washington. 

Since President Roosevelt has set 
the seal of his approval on Mr. Wag- 
ner's admirable book, "The Simple 
Life," the thoughts and attention of 
many people have been turned to- 
wards this subject. The above named 
book is a timely and much needed 
protest against the exceeding com- 
plexity and artificiality of modern 
life, with its many "encumbering 
futilities." It brings us back to the 
divine declaration; "A man's life con- 
sisteth not in the abundance of things 
he possesseth." 

As seemingly untoward circum- 
stances sometimes lead to good re- 
sults, it occurs to me that the servant 
problem, with all its perplexing and 
vexing details, is tending to lead us to- 
wards a simpler life. The difficulties 
about service are so great, and the ex- 
actions of our domestics are increas- 
ing to such an extent that the person 
of small or average means Is either 
unable to hire competent service, or 
can only do so by stinting the family in 
other respects. The greater part of 
our competent servants, in this sec- 
tion of the country, have gone North, 
entering wealthy or weii-to-do families 
where they receive higher wages than 
an ordinary Southern family could 
afford to pay. The bulk of those who 
remain behind try to get employment 
in some Southern town or to make 
their living by taking in washing, or 
doing other jobs, whilst there is still 
a class who idle around at home, 
supported by the men of their family. 
All these things are bringing about a 
gradual change in the rural districts 
of Virginia. I might almost say a quiet 
revolution. The revelation has slowly 
broken on white families that they 
can live without negro service, and do 
their own work, or the bulk of it, 
without being over-burdened. The 
bare idea of such a thing would have 
been perfectly appalling to us, at the 
time of Lee's surrender, and for many 
years afterwards. It has dawned on 
us only In the second generation that 
has sprung us since that event. We 
who were bom under the regime of 
slavery had the idea deeply In- 
grained in our minds that existence 
was simply insupportable without 
servants, and a plenty of them, and 
it has taken us just the same length 
of time to get rid of these ideas as 
the Israelites spent in wandering in 
the wilderness between Ifigj'pt and 
Canaan — 40 years. For years after 
Lee's surrender, we could still enjoy 
( on a new basis) the results 
of our trouble and pains in having 
trained our servants, for we could still 
have them as hirelings. Gradually 
that generation died out and a new 
generation arose that "knew not Jo- 
seph. Still from old habit, we pinned 
our comfort and happiness to having 
negro servants, but year by year, the 


For Sale; 

White Wyandotte Cockerels and Puilets ; 
Mam. Bronze Turkeys, Toms and Hens; 
Mam. White Pekin Drakes and Ducks ; 

WHITE SHELLED CORN (buyer to fur- 
nish sacks). 

1 ANGORA BUCK, a fine breeder; 

To change Sires, I will trade my fine V^ 
Berkshire Boar, LORD MILINERAL 7235, 
farrowed Apr. 5tli, 1902, for another of equal 
value and breeding; pedigrees exchanged. 
My prices are t. 0. b. here. Correspondenc* 
solicited.— H. B. SMITH, Jr., Hanover, Va. 

"Money in Poultry.*^ 

Our new 1906 book tells 
bow to make It. Tells how 
to treat diseases. Feed and 
care for poultry successful- 
ly. Illustrates and tells all 
about 40 varieties FAMOUS 
with Low price on stock 
and eggs. Send 6c. In 
stamps to. JOHN E. HEAT- 
WOLE, Box L, Harrison- 
burg. Va. 



We are headquarters for stock and eggs 
3f the above breeds, and will give satlsfac- 
'.lon every time. OAKLAND POULTRY 
FARM, C. J. WARIXER, Manager, Rnffln. 
N. C. 

Valley Farm! 


I Forsyth Strain). 
Slock for sale. 
Prices right. 
CHAS C WINE. Mt Sidney, Va 

S. C. Brown Leghorn 

BggB, TS cents for IS. Book year ardars naw 
(or Spring Delivery. Special care given t» 
each order. Satisfaction guaraateed. 


The manager ef the above farm Is vell- 
knvwB to me aad la thoroughly rellabU. 6. 
B. COOOIN, Agt., Southern Express Ca. 


White Wyandotte 

Cockerels for Sale. 
Beauty, Size and Begs 

i-i whit I breed for 

Fall Creek Poultry Farm 

A. L. PARKER, Ashland, Va. 



W/HITP Plymouth Rocks 
yyilllCr Wyandottes 

S. C. Buff Leghorns 


Pekin Ducks. 

If you want quality, give me your orders 
for Eggs tor hatchlug, and I will guarantee 
satUfactlon. My stock Is second to none 
and bred for UTILITY as well as for SHOW. 

EGGS: $1.50 for 15; »2.B0 tor 30; Pekln 
Duck Eggs, $1 for 9. 

BUSH, Uno, Va. 


A fine lot of 

B. Plymouth Rock 

Cockerel.", »1. 511 each. The cpI- 
Order at once as to tet the 
cream of the flock, they are 
going fast. 
->^£^ Powhatan Poultry Yards, 

W. Plymouth Rocks 

CockareH and Pallets or gal« 
Good BLEt-HORN Cockarels at 76c. and $1.00 
R. W. HAW, Centralla, Va. 


Bred for Utility and beauty. A 
llmlied number of choice cock- 
erels, her' sand pulleis for sale at 
reasonable prices. Engs from 
Selected matings. 81.50 for 15; 
$2.75 for Sil: (4. lor 45; Esrgs fiom 
Ullllty mating $1 for 15; 85. per 
100. Your paironage flollcited. 

i:^..\. F. BERGER&SON, R.F. D., 3 

J^ Klchmond.Va. 



25 pullets for sale at $1. »ach or 85.50 for 6 or 
tlO 60 for 12 or 821. for all. Eggs 81. per 16, 81.75 
per 30 or 85 per 100. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 
A. J. S. DIKHL, Port Republic, Va. 


Bright's Prize Winners. 

S. C. B. LEGHORN, "Brown Beauty 

M. BRONZE GOBBLERS— beauties.— MRS. 
JNO. F. PAYNE, University Sta., Charlot- 
tesville, Va. 



have been line Bred for 19 years. They 
have been WINNERS wherever exhibited. 
They are regular EGG MACHINES. Males 
of Line breeding are the kind that will 
FUL BREEDER ever reached the top by 
using hap-hazard bred males. I have a few 
more nice breeding males at $2.00 to $3.00 
each. EGGS after Feb. 1st, 1906. at $2.00 
per 15.— GEO. W. OSTERHOUT, Bedford 
City, Va., Route 1. 

difficulties have Increased, and their 
attachment to us has lessened until It 
has become almost, or quite extinct, 
and the high prices they can command 
at the north or in our own large cities 
renders it increasingly difficult for 
country people to hire competent ser- 
vice. The revelation that we can get 
on without them has been a truly sur- 
prising and pleasing one — a real eman- 
cipation, both in mind and body. When 
it first dawned on us that it was pos- 
sible to support existence without do- 
mestic service, we supposed that it 
would be an existence of painful servi- 
tude and unremitting drudgery, but 
we have found that this is not neces- 
sarily the case, if the housekeeper has 
good health. Is brisk and methodical, 
and is supplied with modern conven- 
iences and labor saving contrivances. 
Another thing, the other members of 
the family must cooperate with her, 
not only by giving her active help, 
but also by the negative method of 
saving her trouble. We must realize 
fully that we have entered on a new 
era, and that this is new, not old Vir- 
ginia. We can no longer keep open 
doors, as in "the good old times" 
when we had a troop of efficient ser- 
vants. Our guests would literally 
have to pay us visits. "Like angels' 
visits, few and far between," except 
for such casual calls, which whilekeep- 
ing up a social spirit, would not be a 
tax on the housewife. 

Another thing, we would have to 
cease keeping up the profuse and va- 
ried fare of "the good old times" 
when the breakfast and supper table 
were crowded with batter bread, waf- 
fles, beaten biscuit, risen bread and 
numerous relishes. One or two kinds 
of bread for breakfast— a good, warm, 
substantial dinner, and cold sliced 
bread for supper, with some relish 
left over from dinner, would be a good 
menu for "the new woman," doing 
her own cooking. She will find, in 
the long run that reducing and sim- 
plifying her bill of fare will conduce 
to the real good of herself and house- 
hold, saving her money, time, labor 
and digestion. It should be nourish- 
ing, wholesome and plentiful, but 
there were many luxurious articles be- 
longing to the old regime that could 
be easily lopped off — without either 
the health or comfort of the family 
being damaged. By a judicious ar- 
rangement of her domestic matters, 
a woman (especially one with a con- 
siderate and helpful husband and 
children) can so systematize her work 
as to leave herself plenty of time for 
reading, rest and recreation In the af- 
ternoons. In families where the mem- 
bers do their own work, it seems to 
me the tendency is for them to be 
drawn nearer to each other, by ren- 
dering direct personal service in 
which they consult the tastes and 
needs of each other. It establishes a 
closer and sweeter interdependence 
than in cases where the family have 
a great corps of servants to attend 


MAKE MORE MONEY. I have for sale the 
following: 12 PRINCESS S. C. WHITE LEG- 
HORN Cockerels (the $5.00 quality blrdi) 
at just half price if taken at once. 60 
MOUTH ROCK Cockerels, also Pullets and 
Yearling Hens. Beautiful birds of the fol- 
lowing breeds: WHITE and SILVER 
ROUEN Ducks of the best strains. 

HOLLAND Turkeys are better than ever. 
Order now since prices will advance rap" 
idly after the middle of January. Choice 
Young Toms 85 00 each Hens $4.00 each 
eltner breed. Last year I was unable to 
lupply all of my turkey customers. Eggs 
of all of the above birds tor hatching In 
seasju. Let me book your order now and 
ship when wanted. 

CHESTER WHITE PIGS 2, and 4 month^ 
old, singly and in pairs and trios mated for 
breeding. SERVICE BOARS and BRED 
SOWSa specialty. 

from the best Imported .-trains. Some 
choice BRED EWES and last Spring Lambs 
to offer. 

Write me your wants today. I can supply 
them and save you money if quality is con- 

Satlitaction guaranteed and references 
furnished. Address, 


1521 Mount Royal Avenue, 





Rhode Island Reds. 

Ab good layers as Leghorns, as large and 
wall shaped as Plymouth Rocks, and of beau- 
tiful markings. The newest and moat deelr- 
able fowl now offered. 

15 young cockerels at from Jl.OO to J2.00 
Pulleta at J1.50 each. Eggs for batchUc 
Jl.BO per 13. 

BRONZE TURKEYS, not extra large but 
beautifully marked, extra prolific larers. J7.M 
a trjo. 

Young Tems ^3.00 each. Ready for ship- 
ment In January.— A. R. VENABLE, JR.. 
Box 147. FarmTllle, Va. 

exclusively. For the next 30 days, I will 
offer some extra good values In WHITE WY- 
DBXTER, Greenlee, Rockbridge Co., Va. 

ROSE and S. C. 


^. C. Brown and White Leg I 

lioms. White Wyandottes. ano| 

Harred Plymouth Rocks 

KggsSl.OO per 15: Jl 75 per 30; 

J2.T5 perSO:$o:00 per 100. RIV- 


J. B. COrrMAN El SONS, Prop' 

R. F. D., 19, Dayton, Va. 


R. 1. Rfd Cnekftrds 

$1 to p. Eggs in season. 3 Pedigreed PO- 
LAND CHINA Boar Pigs. J5 each. If taken 
at •nee.— WM. P. KEMP, Jeffrees, Va. 


Rhode Island Red 

Cockerels. Jl.OO each, and up. according to 
marking. Eggs for Hatching. 15 for $1.00. 
I keep only one strain. GUARANTEED 

W. H. CREWS. Saxe. Va. 


Rhode Island Red 

Cockerels at Jl.OO each. Address MRS. 
SAMUEL C. DANIEL, Charlotte, C. H., Va. 



haa for sale a number of choice WHITE and 
DOTTE Cockerels: high quality. Get one or 
more and grade up your flock. 
My prices will please all as will the qual- 
ity. Some first prize cocks head my flocks. 
REDS. Won seven ists on my S. P. WY- 
ANDOTTE: 1st and Snd hen: 1st pullet. 
O. B. SHOOK. R. F. D. 1. Waugh. N. C. 

Mention The Soutnem Planter when 
» rltlng adrertlsers. 

to their needs, and where, amidst the 
whirl of business, or of social life, 
they do not come into sufBcIently 
close and constant contact with each 
other to become really intimate. The 
mother who nurses her own child has 
the sweetest comfort and alleTiation 
for whatever fati?rue she may endure. 
She has no unrest or aniiety, fearing 
the child may be neglected, or injured 
in some way and its love for her is 
for greater from having its needs sup- 
plied by her, and looking to her for 
all its lesser pleasures. This is a 
phase of "the simple life" that is 
rich in pure pleasures. 


"There is a growing sentiment 
throughout the countrj- that the Fed- 
eral Government should appropriate 
money to assist in building trunk 
lines of roads. Large sums of money 
have been expended by the National 
Government to improve our water- 
ways, encourage the building of trunk 
lines of railroads and to build roads 
in the Phillipines. It would seem as 
if public convenience and necessity 
demanded that the Federal Govern- 
ment should still further assist in the 
internal development of our- country 
by improving the highwa>'S. It seems 
strange that a country that leads the 
world in progressiveness should allow 
its roads to get into such a deplorable 
condition. Ours is the only civilized 
country that has neglected its high- 
ways. European countries have na- 
tional systems of roads, the best fea- 
tures of which could well be copied 
by this country to its areat advantage. 

"The different elements favorable 
to improving our hishways should 
unite and urge favorable action by 
Congress. The people of this country 
are awakenine to the economic im- 
portance of this .ereat reform which 
in the near future will become our 
next national work for Internal de- 
velonment. It calls for concentrated 
action, and all Oins" Interested in this 
ereat problem should do everv-thing in 
their power to aid the movement for 
better roads, to insure the construc- 
tion of a system of highways that 
will meet the real reeds of the coun- 
try." — W. L. Dickinson. Mass. 

FOR NOV ions. Tn TIDE- 

Editor Southern Planter: 

November. I^ns. was a model month 
In many respects. The coldest was 
31 above zero on tne 30th. The 
warmest 74 degrees, one day at that 

The average temperature for the 
month was 51 decrees, which Is ex- 
pctlv the average for the past 35 
vears. as shown bv tne Government 
Records. Tbe rain'all ^r the month 
was P-IOths of one inch. This amount 
of rainfall was much helnw the aver- 
age, ns the average fall for the past 

S. C. Bu& Orpingtons. 

MammotK Bronze XurKe^'s. 

W'e are now ready lo book orders for 

Most of our pens of Orpingtons will be headed 
by m.nles from Cooks prize Winning Strains. 
Mated lobens of excellent breeding. 

WILL BE AS RKPKESEN 1 EU. We are giving 
away nearly enough in free premiums to prepay 
express on stock or eg«s. Write US. QUKKN- 
LAND FARM, Hagan. R. D., 2. Box 7, Va. 


(Formerly "Occoneechee") 
Single Comb Buff Orpington Chiclteng Mid 
Eggs. Cockerels tl.OO. 

Pedigreed POLAND CHINA Pigs $3 each. 
<->lder animals at proportionately low prices. 
J F. CRUDCP. il.N-GE., Jeflress, Meckletborg 
^ o., Va. 

Glenview Orpingtons. 

Single Comb Buffs Exclusively. 

My cockerels will Improve the quality at 
your flock— Wm. Cook & Sons, strain— PrlcM 
$2 each and up. No culls for sale. 

B. S. HORNB, Keawlck, Va. 


stock; Extra fine pure bred birds 8 months old 
price SI. 00 each : a sols fine pullets of samease. 
Hnd breeding: we will close nut at Sl.iO each; 
So 00 for six: 89.(10 for twelve: Prrmpt attention: 
Addres'. GITCHELL BROS . Charlottesville, 
Va.. R. F. D..2. 


S. L and W. Wyandottes 


S. C. Buff Orpingtons. 

Special Inducements to quick buyers. Fe- 
males. Jl; Cockerels. Jl to J3. NO EGGS tor 
Sale.— EDGECOMBE FARM, Box lU. Peterm- 
burg. Va. 


Brown Leghorn 

Cockerels, fu'lv grown. 


iC. C. Shoemaker's strain) 
Farmers' Prices 


Barbnursvllle. W. Va. 

S. C. B. Leghorn 

Cockerels: limited number of pure-breda; 
none better: Jl to J1.50 for quick orders; 
Eggs. Jl for 15; orders being booked. 3 TO 
RIDGE FARM, W. S. Guthrie, Prop., R. F. 
D.. 2, Troutvllle, Va. 




Eggs for batching from new mating!. Best 
aylngstralnll.OOfor 15. J6 toper 100 >o stock 
for sale. 
C*L HUSSELMAN. Roxbut), Va., R. F. 0. 1. 






ot Individual merit: 16 years line bred for 
laying qualities, handsome plumage, large 
size, (not yarded). COCKERELS, »1 to »2; 
PULLETS. $1 to J1.50. Borne fine M. B. 
TURKEYS: toms and hens t3 to U- 

Write your wants: nothing but good stock 
«ent out. I exchange turkeys sometimes. 
Will exchange Poultry for Berkshire sow or 
«ow pig, registry and transfer included. 

E. F. SOMMEK&, Somenet, V». 


for the best i-oultry. 

R. C. Brown and S. C. Buff Leghorns; 
White (Pedigreed) and S. L. Wyandottes; 
Barred P. Rocks. (Thompson's Ringlets di- 
rect): R. C. Rhode Island Reds: M. B. Tur- 
keys. Grand lot White Wyandotte and 
Plymouth Rock Cockerels. Stock $1 to $2; 
Eggs. $1.50 per sitting. 

Write your wants and get Special price 
on large orders.— MRS. J. R. JARVAGIN, 
Tate Spring, Tenn. 

For= -COCKERELS- =Sale 

A handsome lot ot S. C. W. LEGHORN. 
<Biltmore prize winning strain), and RHODE 
ISLAND REDS. UOO each, 3 for J2.M. No 
pullets for sale. 

M. B. TURKEY toms, sired by a BO lb. 
tom. perfect In every way, and a bargain 
at J4.00 each. 

Satisfaction guaranteed.— MRS. F. E. WIL- 
LIAMS, Charlottesville. Va. 


High class BLACK MINORCAS exclusive- 
ly. My flock averaged over 200 eggs each 
last year. $1.00 for 13 eggs; $2.50 for 39.— 
J. S. WORSHAM, 1108 Polk St., Lynchburg. 


OoIbk DOW. Large, haidsome MAMMOTH 
BRONZE TURKEYS. M strong. Hoadsd by 
• 46 lb. Tom. WHITE WTANDOTTB ajid 
C. B. LEGHORN hens. 

Send In your orders for the boautles to 
Smith. Prop.. Croxton, Va. 


I have a fow more nic« pullets mad cocker- 
els. Mar. and April hatohlBg tor gals. — A. C. 
THROCKMORTON, Rapldai, Va.. R. F. D.. 
No. 1. 

Barred Plymouth Rock 

Cockerels for Sale: the Kind to put at 
bead of yoor yards. 
J. TABB JANNEY, Van ClevesvUle, W. Va 


War Horse Game 

(owls; males, all agea (or hIo. C. T. LAMB, 
Garland, N. C. 


In October Planter, Pace 788. L. W. WALSH, 
Drawer US, Lyncbburc, Va. 

We have a dozen or more Pure-bred 
S. C. Brown Leghorn 

'costers to dispose of at 75cts. f. o.b. here. They 
are beauties. LAUREL HILL POULTRY 
FARM, R. F. D. 1, Roxbury, Va. 

Mention The Southern Planter when 
writing advertisers. 

35 years, for November, has been 
2.82 inches. 

Still the 9-lOths of one inch of rain 
was well distributed, falling on the 
1st, 6th, 14th, 16th, 2uih, 25th, 26th, 
2Sth and 29th. It is a very notice- 
able fact that the rains are not 
"bunched" here, but are very nicely 
distributed, not only during the month, 
but the mnst rain falls in summer 
season when most needed, and when 
it does the most goou. 

November gave us 21 pleasant sun- 
ny days — a regular "Sunny South" 
month. There were only 9 days of 
doubtful weather, or wnat !s termed 
by the Government, "cloudy weather," 
during which days the 9-lOths of an 
inch of rain fell. 

The late frosts of November cut 
down all the tender plants and vege- 
tables, such as tomatoes, late pota- 
toes, etc., etc.; but the kale cabbage, 
sninach, lettuce, onions and other fall 
and winter crops have not, to date, 
Dec. 12th, been injured a cents worth 
by cold weather. On the contrary the 
face of the country is dotted here, 
there and everywhere, with green 
fields of produce now Being sent to 
markets every day, and this is ex- 
pected to continue during the entire 

The winter farm crops of rye oats 
and crimson clover are also looking 
well. Farmers are getting as high as 
400 bbls. ol spinach to the acre, and 
the price yesterday was $1.25 per 
bbl.; a low price, but still it pays, 
seeing that the crop Is planted, the 
last of August or Ist of September, 
and marketed before Christmas. So 
that the same land is ready for at 
least two more crops within the 12 

Cabbages are now being trans- 
planted at a rapid rate, as it is gene- 
rally intended to finish that work be- 
fore Christmas. Millions upon mil- 
lions of cabbage plants are being set 
out and the cabbage crop is increasing 
yearly. If no serious setback happens 
to the crop there is a half million bar- 
rel crop in sight. 

If the Norfolk "Trucking Section" 
should ever become thoroughly and 
"intensively" cultivated, and all de- 
voted to the growing of fruits and 
vegetables, we could supply the en- 
tire country, at the present rate of 
consumption; but consumption of our 
produce is increasing rapidly, about 
as rapidly as the production is in- 

It is truly a wonderful industry. It 
is also a truly wonderfully good cli- 
mate, which encourages this industry. 
The liberal and well distributed rain- 
fall; the long growing seasons; and 
the fact that crops are grown and 
marketed, practically, all winter; the 
cheap transportation not only from 
truck farm to city; but from city to 
all the great consuming centres; these 
and many other important advantages 
are rapidly sending this trucking sec- 
tion far to the front — a position which 


The Celebrated MAMMOTH BRONZE, bred 
by the beat Poultry Yard In the East Flnt 
orders, first choice of birds. PIEDMONT 
POULTRY PLACE, Miss., B. Cailie QUm. 
Prop., Whittles Dep., Va. 


KEYS for sale. Pure Wolf Strain. Forfeet 
in color and size. Expreea prepaid. 

YARDS. Routo No. 2, Dublin, Va. 


bronze: TURnEYS, 

Mammoth In size, correct in plumage; individ- 
ually the best we have seen. Foundation stock 
from two of the beat yards in the country. Pri- 
ces very reasonable. W. G. HUNDLEY. Worldi, 
Va. Dng and chicken Fancier. Sherwood 
Chicken?, M.B. Turkeys, English Setters and 


Pure-bred, for sale. Toms B3.00; Hens $2.50 

Miss MARGIE SIZER. Chilesburg. Va. 

91. B. XVRKEVS, 

B. P. ROCK.S, 

C. T. JOHNSON, Beaver Dam, Va. 





I hAve bean In boalneas for U yoars. Mr 
birds are hleh bred and civo aatlafaeUta 
wfaich I ^araatae. 
Route 1, CHARLIE BROWN, CtrUnrUa, Va. 


Pure-bred, Finest individuals; May hatched 
Toms weighing from 20 to 30 Iba.; price UM: 
hens, {3.50., f. o. b. here, cash with order. 
For further particulars write to J. EDGH 
FARIS, Red Hill, Va. 



Best strain in State: Toms fo' sale: bred from 
« lb. gobbler. J Z. .Tohnson, Beaver Dam. Va. 



(or salo. First orders eet belt blrda. A^ 
ply to R. E. CKEIE, Crozet, Va. 

White Holland Turkeys 

CLARK, Malvern Hill, Va. __ 





A b^utlfu] cr^am colored mare 15^ handi 
hlgb, weliht about l.SOO lbs. rides well, ale* 
gentle diirer. perfectly reliable In all baraaM. 
CompacUr buUt and easy to keep. Will »»U 
chsap. She Is sl.\ year 3 old aoU a nice ladies' 

Several 1.V1.5 GR.\DE ANGUS Bull Calves 
ready for service— Millimake fine bulls for grad- 
ing up a herd. 

A One lot ef tlieronsbbred O. I. C. pica, 
both B«2«a, at reaaoiiabe prlcoa. 

BULL CALVES out of Sborthera Cowa, br 
Angua Bull. 

Several reclatered Ancms ball a>d bolMr 

S. L. Wyandotte Eggs, tl tor IB. 

W. M. WATKINS A SON Prop's, Saxa, T«. 

Muscovy Ducks. 

Very One large Mascery Ducks, ilM per 
pair. Also a fsw White ' Plynantb Rock 
Cockerels choleo breed. Mrs. S. T. OIL- 
LIAM, Church Road, Va. 

Homer Pigeons, 

Bred of choicest selected stock from 
Plymouth Rock 8q oab Co. , $1 per pair. 
0. DB BRUYN K0P8, Wake, Va. 


young toms ^.00. One old torn }5.00. Eggs 
In season from White Holland Turkeys, 
White Plymouth Rocks and S. C. White 
Leghorns.— G. W. MOSS, Gutneys, Va. 



BRILLIANT MONARCH JR. good breeder, 
superior style, quality and symmetry, 16}^ bands. 
IS years oH, sound. rle«n-cul head and neck 
and heavy flat bone; can't usehlmlonger. Two 
Colts, 2 years past, nirert by above, well grown, 
goodstyieand heavy, flat bone. Prices right 
to an early purchaier. Thos. R. Smith, Lincoln 
Loudoun Co , Va. 


SULTAN SJ60C for sale; will bo 3 yparsold April 
next, weighs over 1,606 Iba black In color, 
sound fine form and style, and all right. Will 
sell cheap for quick sale, .address. F. B. AL- 
BERT, Roanoke, Va., R. F. D. No, 4. 



tor sale at reasonable prices; as good as 
e«n be found anywhere; especially doslrable 
for oar Southern States as they are ac- 
climated; no risk of disease by purchaser. 
D. T. MARTIN, Sslem, Va. 


Saddle Stallions 

sired by CHESTER DARE 10, out of dam 
by ON TIME 745; one a bay, S yrs. old, U\ 
hands high, and the other a sorrel, 1 yr. 
old. Write for prices, description and, pbo- 
tographs,— HIGGINBOTHAM BROS., Daa- 
Tllle, Ky. 

Saddle Stallions, lack Q 
horthorns, Angus, Jersey 

J. D. STODGHILL, ShelbyvlIIe, Ky. 

it will hold for all time to come; be- 
cause the sea, air, land and sky have 
all combined to make it so, naturally, 
and man is doing his part artiflcially; 
and when nature and art have both 
performed fully their part, this East- 
em Seaboard Section of Virginia, will 
surely "blossom as the rose" both In 
summer and in winter. 

If the general farmers of the Old 
Dominion would make as rapid pro- 
gress as the truckers have made; if 
as much care, study, attention and 
skill was applied to stock and gen- 
eral farming, the old State would 
come out with a bouna to the front 

With every variety or soil and cli- 
mate, within her borders, witn coal, 
iron, cotton, tobacco and timber in 
inexhaustible quantities; with fish, 
oysters, claims and crabs — an Inex- 
haustible supply of valuable sea food; 
with long growing seasons and short 
mild winters; with the markets of 
the United States aua of the world 
easily, cheaply and quickly accessible, 
there is no good reason why the de- 
velopment of the State should not be 
rapid, substantial, and, in fact, remark- 

If the excellent advice and instruc- 
tion of the Southern Planter and other 
leading, reputable and recognized farm 
Journals, should be followed by a few 
farmers in each section or county in 
the State, the "leaven" would soon 
penetrate the entire lump. 

With the steadily lessening supply 
of labor, must surely come impro^ved 
machinery, and improved methods. 
With the steadily increasing price of 
meat, must come improvea stock, else 
we be caught between the "upper and 
nether millstone" of "supply and de- 
mand" and pay the penalty. 

We are paying it already. We pay 
tribute to the hay growers, the pork 
and beef raisers, the butter and 
cheese makers, and even to the corn- 
growers of the West and Northwest. 

This we do while millions of acres 
of southern soil. He uncultivated; and 
millions of •ther acres raise a half 
crop. The same methods or lack of 
methods applied to banking, railroad- 
ing, manufacturing, or any other busi- 
ness enterprise, would ruin every in- 
dividual engaged therein, in less time 
than two years. 

If the farmers of the South can ex- 
ist and still violate all the laws of 
political economy, what could they 
not do if they pushed their work as 
intelligently and as energetically and 
as thoroughly as the business man 
pushes his. 

There is one good sign on the hori- 
zon. Thousands of people who hare 
flocked from the Southern farms to 
the Southern cities are turning their 
faces farmward again, and there Is a 
great longing to get back on to the 
farm. The Prodigals and boys are 
anxious to return. It is a good sign. 
Let the exodus from city to farm be- 


Don't get Angry 

with your razor. It has a 
temper of its own. It 
will work well if you use 

WILLIAMS' i"n"l 

Sold everywhere. Free trial sample 
for2-cent stamp. Write for "The 
Shavers Guide and How to Dress 

The J. B Williams Co., Glastonbury, Conn. 


A fine lot of big black, 
well-brrd KENTUCKY 
,1A(KS, also IMhOR- 
seierted by me peisun- 
allyfr<m) the best breed 
or Jackf in Spain, V\e 

lutnlth a ceitlflcste of 

pedigree With each Imporiea Jack. Come and 

see me or write for prices 1 can please you. a 

JOE E. WRIGHT, Junction city, Ky. 



100 bead Jncks, Jennets, 

Hnddle end Tn ttlng ftal- 

3 for sale. ^rlce» 

onabie. Farm 4- 

*s from city, oB tn©- 

Inler-Urban Line. 

F. COOK 4 CO.. 
LexingiOQ. Ky. 
h Barn, Marion. Kansas. 



Fine JACKS a Specialty. 
3 to n old pmf, wrlte- 
for what you Want. Send 
2c stamp for Catalogue. 
W. E. KNIGHT & CO., 
Nashvlli* Ttnn.. R. F. D. 5. 


BBLLE DONALD 47th, calved June 82; 
1M)4; sire Beau Donald S9th, dam Belle 
Dona'd 48th, 

INEZ, calved August 10. 1B03; Sire Vair 
102(186. dam Actress 7th. IISLSS 
LADY OF INGLBSIDE 161317. calved Mar 
2, 19as: sire Verne 13I1S27, dam Gladys 97042 

PRINCE.SS DONALD calved Aug. 20, 1904;. 
sire Beau Donald .=i89ii6 dam Princess R. 10th.. 

lONK 1;)62118, calved Oct. 27. 1901; sire Mor- 
madnkp OOOSS, dam Irene (10767. 

ACTBESS 7TH. calvid Aug. 1, 1900; sire- 
Actor 3d 65023, dam Juno 60642 

PANSY 90772, calved March 20, 1899; sire 
Montcalm 71407, dnm Peerless SSifil. 

PRINCESS R. 9TH 142711. calved Jan. a, 
1902: sire Prince Rupert 79.'JS9, dam Lily 
Princess 26729. 

PRlNCIiSS R. 12TH 142714. calved Jan. 6.. 
1902; Sire Prince Rupert 795S9, dam Lily P. 
2d (if P 6.=)937. 

PRINCESS R. 7TH 130479. calved March II, 
1901: a re Prince Rupert 7»639, dam Florence 
2d BiiBSS. 

All of breeding ape have been served to 
Rex Premier 14.'>672. whose show record as a. 
calf is first at Missouri State Fair, first Ham- 
line, Minn . and first at Kansas City, Royal. 

The above are all choice Individuals Every 
animal niiaranteed. They represent the very 
be«t Hereford Mood, liut this will not be con- 
sidered In pricing them for prompt accept- 
ance. Address 





College of Agriculture 

. . . AND . . . 

Experiment Station, 


We are 

taking orders 

for Fall 

delivery of 

Berkshire Pigs 

The Utters this Fall are amoDE Ui* be«t 
<ire rrer bad and we can offer Bome ehala« 
fl)lg8 at very reasonable prices. 

We have decided to reduce trs flock of 


and otter a few ram lambs aod aerera awM 
for sale. For furthcfr Informatioa apply to 
J. R. FAIN, Agriculturist. 


Orders now taken tor pure bred 

Berkshire: pigs. 

to be delivered atter December 1st. None but 
the best will be shipped, otters go to the pen. 
One two ypa' old Hereford Bull, regUtei-ed. tor 
sale, a perfectly formed Animal, and as well 
t)red as America's best, address all communi- 
cations to W. J. CRAIG, Mgr,. ShawsvlUe, Va. 



-m this herd are twelve royally 
bred IMPORTED animals. Also 
selected American bred stock. 
Our IMPORTED boa'S HIghtlde 
Royal Victor and Loyal Hunter 
won first at Eng. Royal and Va. 
State Fairs, respectively. A 
splendid lot of pigs of gilt edged 
breeding now ready tor ship- 
ment. Dr. J. D. KIRK. Roan- 

RPPk'QHIPP I offer some ex- 
DCKIVOlllIXC ceedingly choice 
RO A l?Q young boars for sale; 
DUAKO. by Imported Danes- 
field Tailor, 76490 and out of Biltmore 
bred sows. It will be hard to find bet- 
ter or cheaper stock 
HENEY WARDEiN, Fredericksburg, Va 


No sows for sale at present. A few very 
fine 4 months Boars, of excellent quality and 
breeding. Pure Biltmore blood only. In my 

Fair 8 months rabbit BEAGLES. Lowest 
price $7 each, $13 pair.— ROBERT HIBBERT, 
Charlottesville, Va. 


We otfer some Royal bred pigs from 
Lissy of Biltmore, Hurricane, 4th of Biltmore 
and Highclere choice of Biltmore, at mode- 
rate prices to get them into good herds. 

We also have a rattling lot of fine Duroc 
Jerseys, young boars and Gilts.— B. K. WAT- 
SON, Stuarts Draft. Va. 


New Orleans, Dec: — If tlie plans of 
Pres. Jordan of the Southern Cotton 
Association are fulfilled, the mass con- 
vention of the association to take 
place in New Orleans, Thursday, Fri- 
day and Saturday — Jan. 11, 12 and 13, 
will be the occasion for one of the 
most striking celebrations In the an- 
nals of the cotton industry ever held 
in the South, for after a year of un- 
precedented and continuous victories, 
the Southern cotton planters will 
meet for the purpose of more closely 
welding their organisation and to dis- 
cuss and decide upon important ques- 
tions affecting the welfare of their in- 

Organized eleven months ago at 
New Orleans by a monster assembly 
of over 3,000 farmers, merchants and 
bankers, the Southern Cotton Asso- 
ciation has proved Itself a factor of 
■national and inter-national power 
and will yet give to the farmers 
still further advantages to which 
their position entitles them. "One 
of the chief features to be em- 
phasized Is the continued holding of 
the balance of the unsold crop for 
higher prices, so as to average the 
present crop for as near 12 cents as 
possible, and this can be done only by 
selling at 15 cents." 

"We must do this and we must dis- 
cuss other matters of great import- 
ance under the following general 

"The advisability oi speedily bring- 
ing about direct trade relations be- 
tween the spinners of the world and 
the cotton producers. 

"The Importance of extending the 
work of the association as rapidly as 
possible throughout the cotton belt, so 
as to make the work absolutely effec- 
tive. "The imperative need of securing 
facilities for handling the crop in the 
South, by the erection of standard 
built warehouses where cotton may 
be weighed and classified by expert 
managers and the receipts underwrit- 
ten, so as to make them negotiable 
in any financial center or where they 
can be bought by exporter or spinner 
and tendered for delivery of cotton 
at such time as it may be needed for 
consumption. In this way the crop 
can be marketed slowly and the sup- 
ply regulated to meet the legitimate 
demand of spinners. This plan would 
tend to at once limit the range of 
speculation, avoiding the present wide 
fluctuations that are injurious both to 
the producer and spinner and place 
the future handling of cotton on a 
sound safe and conservative basis. 

"The securing from Congress of an 
appropriation for the Immediate pur- 
pose of sending out properly selected 
commissioners to foreign countries in 
the interest of extending to such for- 
eign countries the use of American 
cotton and cotton goods. This I be- 
lieve to be the true solution of the 
cotton problem of the future and In 

Poland China 

Somt fine ones, young sows bred, young 
hoars and pigs. No better breeding in the 
United States. My herd boars have been 
-:ired by J. H. Sandes, Lookraeover. Perfect 
[ Know, Proud Perfection, Corrector and 
High Roller, the greatest prize winners of 
the breed — my sows have been as carefully 

RED POLLED CATTLE. Fine good young 
bulls. Will sell a few cows and heifers. 
\RROWHEaD STOCK FARM, Charlottes- 
■ Ule, Va., SaM'L B. WOODS. Propr. chin *s 

with the buslBsaa hama. Tb* 
best to be found at farmer'i 
prices. Herd beaded by tw« 
great Bonrs. The Sows ar* 
great producing matroas, b«- 
Ing bred from great pr*- 
ducars. Boars rsady for aerr- 
Ice. Ollta «p«a and bred. 
Fall pigs that are dandle*. 
Young M. B. Toma (aboat 
20 lbs.) at prices that wlU 
move them. A. GRAHAM ft 
SONS, Overton, Alb«iiuuia 
C».. Va. 



2 fine young boars ready for service; 3 beautiful 
sows ready to breed ; Several litters of choice 
pigs. Also an 11 months old Guernsey Bull 
whose dam tested 426 lbs. butter Id one year. 

F. M. SMITH, Jr. 
R. F. D. , 4, Charlottesville, Va. 

Registered ' 

All ages mated i 

8 week plgfl. Bred sows, 

Service boars, Guernsey 

calves, Scotch Collie pups and poultry. Write 

for prices and free circulars. 

t*. K. HAMILTON, Cochranvnip,CliesterCo.Pa. 


Poland Chinas. 

Sunshine and Perfection Strains. Boars 
ready for sCTvlce, Gilts bred for Spring Ut- 
ters, Choice Pigs of both sexes from 4 to 
6 months old, mated for breedtnc, that an 
no akin. All eligible to Registry and first 
class. Prices low, write stating what age Is 
wanted.— E. T. ROBINSON. Lexington, Va. 


brood sows and pigs; sows weighs about 200 lbs: 
can ship Feb 1st; 1 Poland Ohlna brood sow. 1 
Jersey Bull Calf, 4 mo«. old;W. P EOCK fowls 
Hnd a 300 Kgg Incubator, In peifect order, used 
twice. Prices of above very reasonable. 
B. P, AVEKILL, HowardvUle, Va. 

Berkshire Pigs 

of the best breeding, for sale; fine IndlvlduaU, 
nrlces right Also M. B. TURKHTS, a few 
R. P. ROCKS and S. C. B. LIOHORN Cock- 
"trela for sale. J. T. Oliver AUeoa L«nrel, Va. 

Southdown Sheep 

I have some choice 
Essex Sows 4—6 mos.old and pigs forJipring de- 
livery .also some choice Southdown Ewe Iambi 
fer Jan. and Feb. delivery. L. G.JONES, To- 
baocovllle, N. C. 





Duroc Jersey Pias, 

the leading Western winning strains. They 
are the coming hog and If you will drop 
us a card we will tell you why. 

weights, unexcelled In type and plumage and 
of the very best blood on the continent. 

the utility breeds, unsurpassed as Layeri, 
and ahead of all as a table fowl. We caa 
furnish high-class birds bred from the moat 
noted strains and fit to start you right, or 
put you right if you started wwrong.— LES- 
LIE D. KLINE. Vaucluse, Virginia. 

Salt Pond Herd. 


H^BCK^ -M^ HAUL J. 21626, son of 
^T- i . W j^HlBWyV Oom Paul, bead of 
!fVr W' " herd. Sows by Red 

kover, Jumbo, Longfellow and other noted 
hogi. A choice lot of Pigs at reatonable price!, 
ready to ship 



O. I. C. PIGS 

BllClbla to reglstrr and first claaa Boars 
ready for serrlce, }10.M each, 1 moe. pigs 
either sex, tS.OO each. Polland Cbiaa pigs 
eligible to registry, ;5.00 each. None but 
good ones shipped.— A. O. HUT TON, Lexlof- 
too, Va. 

Chester Whites 

Fall pigs, ( to 8 weeks old, IS each, now 
ready for delivery; 3 Boars ready for service 
17 each: 1 Extraordinary Ollt, J20. 

S. M. WISECARVER, Rustburg, V«. 


Woodland Farm has a few of the be^t rams 
tt has CTer offered. Wool I3 an Item worth 
considering this year, and our rams are ex- 
ceptionally heavy shearers, besides having 
excellent mutton forms. J. E. WING <& 
BROS. Mechanicsburg. O. 

I Polled 

^ and Shorthorn 

Durham, | 

Calf for sale. Good individuals; good pedi- 
grees; 5 Poland China Sows.— CHAS. M. 
SMITH, Rogersvllle, Tenn. 

The Springwood Shorthorns 

offers for sale 4 HEIFER CALVES, two red and 
two roans, and 3 NICE BULL CALVES; also 
POLAND CHINA pigs. Pedigree furnished 
with all stock .sold. Prices that all farmers 
can afford to buy to Improve their stock. 
Write your wants. 

WM. T. THRASHER Springwood. Va. 


From Registered Stock. 
2 heifers. 5 mos. old, 1 18 mos 
old, , 1 bull 6 mos. old, cheap 
if sold at once. Also some 

10 weeks old. Stock all In 
good shape Now Is the time to get barKatns 

Write or call on A. J. H. DIEHL, Port Re- 
pnbllc, Va. 


t yr«. eld next June, for Sale. In calf (due 

^prll) to pure-bred Shorthorn Bull. Price 

X—Q. B; STEPHENS, Blrdwwood, Alk, CO' 

that way production need not be re- 
tarded, but, on the contrary, all the 
cotton we can produce may be con- 
sumed in the various markets of the 

"We must consider also, at the New 
Orleans convention, the question of 
immigration and character of immi- 
grants desired in the South as well 
as the countries which would be the 
most apt to furnish the best class of 
such desirable immigrants. 

"We will discuss t,ue bringing about 
of closer relations between the farmer 
and the banker to the end that we 
may as rapidly as possible be rid of 
the present iniquitous credit system 
and gradually induce our people to 
become depositors rather than bor- 

"We must discuss the necessity for 
the gathering of statistics relating to 
the consumption and manufacture of 
cotton by the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture ana the issuance 
of such reports jointly with the crop. 
reports and annual yield of crop and 
in this way put the farmer on a par- 
ity with the spinner as to information. 

"No restrictions whatever will be 
placed on the number of delegates 
from any one county. In fact, we 
want an overwhelming attendance. 
Last January when the organization 
was given birth at New Orleans, there 
were over 3,000 delegates who came 
from all over the South. We want 
5,000 to come to New Orleans for this 
pending mass convention. 

"So that uniformity of action may 
be had, I have named Saturday Dec. 
23, as the day when me State presi- 
dents of the Southern Cotton agricul- 
tural associations are requested to call 
their people together and select dele- 
gates. I would urge that the names 
of all delegates so selected be sent 
with their respective post offlce ad- 
dresses to me at No. 920 Empire Build- 
ing, Atlanta, Ga. 

"One of the largest auditoriums in 
the city of New Orleans has been ten- 
dered to the Association by the New 
Orleans Progressive Union and Mr. 
Henry Mayo, secretary of the Union 
has advised that the New Orleans 
committees have been appointed and 
nlready are at work to see that no de- 
tails are lacking for the convenience 
of the dele.e;ates and those desiring to 
secure apartments or hotel accommo- 
dations in adviince should address Mr. 

"The convention will close Saturday 
Jan. 13 and as the meeting at Hot 
Springs, Ark., to elect offlcers for the 
coming year will take place Tuesday, 
.January 16, delegates to the Hot 
Springs meeting may come to the 
New Orleans convention, remain over 
for Sunday and leave for Hot Springs 
that night or Monday. 

"All the railroads in the South have 
been asked for a rate of one fare for 
the' round trip and this rate no doubt 
will be authorized and announced In 
due time." 


A YRS hires: 

To close an estate, I offer for 
sale, 1 bull, 4 Cows and 2 
heifers of above breed. 

Write for further information 

Dr. Wm. C. Johnson, Ex'r. 
109 Record St., Frederick, Md. 


R. F. D. CockeyiTllle, Md. 
First Prize Herd 


at TlmoDlum and Hageratown, Maryand,. 
(only place HERD Shown). 


were unbeaten at Tlmonium (Baltimore 
County), York Pa., and Hagerstown, Mary- 
land, the only places shown In 1905. PI03 
OP BOTH SKXBS for sale. 

C. & P. Telephone and Telegraph, «1 
Luthenrllle, Md. 



from i moe. to II mos. eld, each from cewi 
that have given over 2 lbs. of butter a day, 
sons of Coquette's John Bull at $60.00 each. 
Their equals cannot be bought in the Nortk 
for less than $100. 

Heifers and Heifer Calves for sale at rea- 
sonable prices. 

A young Bull, son of Coquette'* John Bull, 
which I sold, took 2d Premluto In compe- 
tition with some of the finest Herds in the 
country at the Lynchburg Fair.— A. R. 
VENABLB, JR., Box 147, Farmville, Va. 

Swift Creek Stock and Dairy Farm 

Has for sale a large num- 
ber of nice young regis- 
tered A. J. C. C. 



None better bred In the South. Combining 
closely the most noted and up-to-date blood In 
America. Bulls, 1 to S months old, f?5. Heif- 
ers, same age, $36. POLAND CHINA PIGS, $6 
eaeh. Send check and get what you want. 
T. P. BRASWELL, Prop., Battlebero, N. C 


Young Stock 

for Sale: 1 JERSEY BULL, 2 JERSEY 
eral GRAD^! CATTLE; Best Strain and In. 
fine condition; Prices right. 

J. N. SAUNDERS, Brandywlne, Va. 



or yearling wanted at farmers' price. 

W. ALDRICH, Jefferaon, Va. 

HKRF'.FtkHU Bri L»i 

aged B mos. and 4 yrs., respectively; Price ■ 
$40 and $60.— B. J. HARRISON, Flan'asaai 
Mills. Va. 




Biltmore Farms, 

R. F. D. No. 2. 

Biltmore, North Carolina 

— OF— 




I Also the best 
I type of young 

Berkshire Boars 



For sale at 
all times. 

Write for full particulars. 


Berkshire Boars, 
Jersey Bull Calves, 
Dorset Buck Lambs. 

sire of Halves, PI.YINO FOX 6MB6, son of 
Flying Fox who sold for {7.500 at the Cooper 
sale 1902. 

All stock in best of condition and 
guaranteed as represented. 

F. T. ENGLISH, Centreville, Md. 


Xlioroug-liljred Horses 


Pure i^outhdo-wn Slieep 
and Berk«iliirc Pig^s. 

Fob Sale. R. J. HANCOCK & SON, 
Charlottesville, Va. 

Hereford Bulls 

Registered young stock for sale. HIGH 
GRADE HERKFORDS of both sexes; also, 
WANTED some high grad- SOUTHDOWN 
EWES. WM. C. STUBBS, Valley Front Farm. 
Sassafras. Gloucester county, V&, 

Reports on Free Seeds. 

Representative Morris Sheppord, of 
Texas, has Introduced a bill in the 
House of Representatives, requiring 
the Secretary of Agriculture to print 
the replies received from the distri- 
bution of free seeds. In speaking of 
the purport of his bill, he stated that 
it was not his intent to increase ex- 
penses on account of printing an 
enormous document, but on the other 
hand, he wanted to show the small 
amount of printing involved. 

It would not necessitate more than 
two or three comparatively short 
sentences in the report of the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture," he said, "to 
meet every requirement of the bill. 
The impression is created that the bill 
requires an immense amount of print- 
ing. Hardly five distributees out of 
every hundred, if, indeed, that many, 
report results of experiments with the 
free vegetable seeds. The few re- 
ports that are made are so unnec- 
essary that they are of no practical 
benefit and the Department of Agri- 
culture accords them practically no 
attention. In tact, the printed re- 
quest for a report on each package 
has become a mere useless and empty 
form. In very few words the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture could state the 
number of the reporrs, and in very 
few words he could indicate their 
general nature. In no way could the 
utter uselessness of the practice be 
more completely demonstrated, and It 
was with this purpose that I intro- 
duced the bill." 

Good Roads in Congress. 

The Latimer-Brownlow Good Roads 
bill, which provides for an expenditure 
of $24,000,000 on the nation's roads in 
the next three years will be one of 
the important measures before Con- 
gress this session. The bill stipulates 
that one-half of this amount is to be 
furnished by the states and territories 
and the other half by the federal gOT- 

The officers of the National Good 
Roads Association are now in Wash- 
ington conferring with Congressmen 
on this bill in an endeavor to enlist 
their aid in the cause. President 
Moore in speaking of the bill said: 

"There is no more important bill 
before Congress to-day. Sixty million 
dollars are spent each year on the 
roads of the country now, and half 
of this amount is wasted through ex- 
travagances caused by lack of engi- 
neers and superintendents with scien- 
tific knowledge of road building. Of 
the thirty-three civilized countries of 
the world, the United States Is the 
only one which does not appropriate 
money for the maintenance of Its 

"Germany has 32.000 miles of im- 
perial roads, England 35,000, and 
France 38,000. The United States has 
not a mile, excepting the roads In 
cemeteries and parks. In January, 

we shall open headquarters in Wash- 
ington. I have just completed a 32,- 
000-mile tour over the combined Chi- 
cago and Northwestern and the Union 
Pacific systems, have traversed twelve 
states and held forty-four conventions, 
Everywhere the movement is meeting 
with the hearty support which it de- 


The fourth Assistant Postmaster 
General has received complaint from 
Little Hocking, Washington County, 
Ohio, that the rural carrier of a route 
in that vicinity is dealing in polecat 
skins, making collections of the hides 
at the same time that he collects and 
delivers mail. The result of this prac- 
tice is to impart a disagreeable odor 
to the mail. The department is asked 
to require the carrier to give up his 
side line or retire from the service. 
The matter has been given attention 
by the Department. 

Cotton Controversy. 
A resolution has been introduced in 
the House of Representatives by Rep- 
resentative Lovering, of Massachu- 
setts, calling attention to the discrep- 
ancy between the cotton crop estimate 
of the Department of Agriculture and 
that of the Census Bureau, and provid- 
ing for the making of a new report 




Hampshire Do'wn »beep, 

citAIMS and EW^EJ^. 
ROBT. J. FARRER, Orange, Va. 


Aberdeen Angu^ 

Top notch young registered Bulls our spe 
cjalty. A few heifers to offer with bull not 
akin. We send out none but good individ- 
uals Correspondence and inspection of herd 
fersonton, Va. 


Aberdeen Angas Cattle. 

FOR SALE— Registered Bull Calves 
from 3 months old up. 

L. H. GRAY, Orange, Va. 

Aberdeen Angus. 

Herd Bull, TERRACE LAWN, REX 63 
846, or gale; An Extra good breeder, qnl«f 
and nice to handle, the low down, block r 
J. TABB JANNEY, Van Clevesvllle, W. Va 


to sell self-wringing mop and scrub brush In ev 
ery town. No enmpetltlon- Everv woman buv-. 
$10 day easily mode, "nr terms". Address "K. 
T. FREEMAN, 16 E. Main St., Richmond, V«. 






Everythfng Shipped on Approval. 

All of our ptgi old enough to Bhip are lold, aod we are sow bookla^ 
orders for Jan. aod Feb. delivery, for pigs sired by our two great boara, 
BILTMORE, No. 79379, and out of eow« weighing from 500 to 600 lbs. each. 
In only fair breeding condltloR. LUSTRE'S CARLISLE was 2 years ol* «■ 
June 4th. weighs 730 lbs. and Is as active as a 6 months old pig. 

He Is sired by ROYAL CARLISLE No. 68313, dam TOPPER'S LUSTWH, 
No. 64923. MASTER LEE wasl year old on June 6th and now welglui 
626 lbs. He Is sired by LOYAL LEE 2ND, OF BILTMORE, No. 
AL LEE 2ND Is undoubtedly the champion Berkshire boar ot 
the world, having more prizes to his credit than any other boar llvlnc 
HUNTRESS, No. 6S178. who has an unbroken record of first prize at all 
the leading English shows, with one exception, and then being defeated by 
her daughter DANESFIELD MISTRESS. We consider MASTER LEE one 
of the greatest young slrea In America, and expect to prove It In the show 
rings next fall. In order to show our confidence In what we offer and In- 
sure satisfaction to our customers, we will ship pigs ON APPROVAL, and" 
If they are not entirely satisfactory In every respect, yon can return them 
at OUR EXPENSE. In other words you can see the pigs before you buy. 
Can always furnish pigs not akin. We are offering a few choice gilts br«d 
to MASTER LEE for April farrow. For full particulars. Addrew, WOOD'- 
SIDE STOCK FARM. R. S. FaHsh. Prop., Charlotteerllle, Va. 

Free $1.00 Coupon 



to receive prepaid, FREE TO TRY, 
a regular Dollar pair of Magic 
Foot Drafts and valuable new book 
(In colors) on rheumatism. 

Name ' 


Only one free pair to one address. 

If you have rheumatism cut out this 
free dollar coupon and send it to us 
with your name and address plainly 
written on the blank lines. Return 
mail will bring you — free to try — a 
Dollar pair of the famous Magic Foot 
Drafts, the great Michigan cure for 
rheumatism. They are curing very 
bad cases of every kind of rheuma- 
tism, both chronic and acute, no mat- 
ter how severe. They are curing cases 
of 30 and 40 years suffering, after doc- 
tors and baths and medicines had 
failed. Send us the coupon to-day. 
When the Drafts come, try them. If 
you are satisfied t«.dcm..< / 
with the benefit 
received — then 
you can send 
OB One Dollar. 
If not, we take 
your simple say so, and the Drafts 
cost you "absolutely nothing. Aren't 
they worth trying on that basis? Our 
falUi is strong that they will cure you, 
80 cut out and send the coupon to-day 
to Magic Foot Draft Co., 136V Oliver 
Bldg., Jackson, Mich. Send no money 
— ^just the coupon. 

When corresponding with our adTer- 
tisers, alwavs mention The Soutehm 

on January 10, 1905, together with the 
methods used in compiling it. 

The statement is made in the reso- 
lution that the growing cotton report 
published by the Department of Agri- 
culture on December 4, indicated a 
total production for the season of 1905- 
OG of 10,167.000 bales of 500 pounds 
each: the census returns of the cot- 
ton ginned up to December 1, shows 
that in North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina, Georgia and Oklahoma, the yield 
for the entire season, estimated by 
the Department of Agriculture was 
more than had been ginned; the reso- 
lution undertakes to show that the es- 
timate of the Department of Agricul- 
ture is plainly an underestimate, 
thereby damaging the cotton industry 
of the United States. It also directs 
the Secretary of Agriculture to pro- 
ceed Immediately to collect such data 
as may in his opinion be necessary 
for a more correct estimate of the 
j reason's crop, and to publish the same 
I on January 10, 1906. together with a 
romnlete statement of the method by 
I which the estimate is arrived at and 
I the details of the various reports com- 
I posing said estimate. 

Chicken Raising. 
Almost any broody hen can be made 
to sit if carefully handled. She 
s'^oiild not he carried by the legs with 
her head hanging down, but with her 
breast resting in the palm of the hand. 
Transfer should he made at night, and 
the nest into which she is put kept 
dark for twenty-four hours. Lice Is 
a great enemy to the sitting hen and 
measures should be taken to eradicate 
them, once they make their appear- 

When it is desired to place Incu- 
bator chicks to a broody hen. two 
things are essential: first, the hen 
should be free from lice, and second, 
care must be taken not to disturb her. 
In the evening two or three chicks, at 
least thirty-six hours old, must be 
nlao"d under her from behind, care 
being taken not to excite her, lest 
she step on them. At least one chick 
of each color should be given her. for 
hens are ant to kill chickens of an- 
other breed, color, or size than those 
they have already adopted. The fol- 


A wonderfal offer to every hover of music; 
whether a beginner or an adranced player. 

NfTiety-slx lessons (or a less number If 
you desire) for either Ptano, Organ, Violin, 
GuHar, Banjo, Cornet or Mandolin will be 
given free to make our home study courses 
for these Instruments known tn your locals 
ity. You will get one leaKra weekly, and' 
your only expense during tbe time you take 
the lessons will be the cost of postage and' 
the music you use, which is small. Wrltie 
at once. It will mean mtich to you to get 
our free booklet. It wll) place you under 
no obligation whatever to us if you never 
write again. You and your frlemds should* 
know of this work. Hiandreds of our pu- 
pils write: "Wish I bad known of your 
school before." "Have learned more In oa» 
term In my home with your weekly leesoas 
than in three terms with private teachers^ 
and at a great deal less expense." "Everjr^ 
thing is so thorough and complete." "The 
lessons are marvels of sImpTIclty. and my 
11-year-old boy has not had the l^ast 
trouble to learn." One minister writes: "As 
each succeeding lesson comes I am more and 
more fully persund^d I maje no mistake ia 
becoming your pupil." 

We have been established seven years — 
have hundreds of pupils from eight years of 
age to seventy. Don't ssy you cannot learn 
music till you send for our free booklet and 
tuition offer. It will be sent by return mall 
free. Address U. S. SCHOOL OF MUSIC» 
Box 144, 19 Union Square. New York City. 



CURED with vegetable 
remedies; entirely harm- 
leni; removes all »ymp- 
tons of dronsy In 8 tf» 20 
day e:30 to 60 day* effi-ctt 
permanent cure Trial 
treatment furnlthed Tree 
to every euderer, noth- 
ing fairer. For circulars 
teatlmonlalf and free 
treatment, write 
r n. H QrMB'i So»> 
Box H. Atlanta, Qa. 


Mr. B. F. Stultz has an ad. In anoth- 
er column, to which attention is asked. 
He is offering his molds for making 
concrete fence posts. Look up the ad. 
and send for descriptive circulars. 





lowing morning she may be expected 
to mother as many as are given her. 
The first week is the most critical 
period in the life of the chick. Trouble 
is most likely to be caused by chills. 
The first few weeks' care is respon- 
sible to a great extent for its success 
or failure eight months later. Peed, 
regularity of feeding, cleanliness and 
plenty of grit and water are all im- 
portant matters. It is advisable to 
let the chicks have access to green 
feed at all times. In order that best 
results may be attained, the Connecti- 
cut Station deems it advisable that 
outside of the regular feeding times 
care should be taken that chicks be 
kept hungry, or at least sufficiently 
so to be eager to eat when fresh food 
is offered them. 

The United States is not the only 
country to suffer from the small apple 
crop, as Consul-General Holloway, of 
Halifax, reports that the shipments 
of apples from Halifax to London, this 
season have amounted to 126,966 bar- 
rels as compared with 238.664 bar- 
rels, the average maintained during 
the last ten years. The crop this 
season, he states in a report, will turn 
out less than the average, though 
shipments to date are not far behind 
the record at the corresponding dale 
last year. Apples have been coming 
forward freely. Ribstons and Kings 
have turned out good, but Baldwins 
are short, and consequently shipments 
after the new year, when the harder 
fruit is due, must fall off. The prices 
ruling this season are as high as any 
attained during the past ten years. 

There is no Money in Raising Hogs 

If you run the risk losing your herd by disease. 


if you get tht^m safely to market. 

It is a preventive, and a lurt-. It makes b tterpork; iisavfsfefrd and brings 
the animal to maturity inhsstime. It M/kis the Feed Stick to the hiBs. 
iNsuR NCK Proposition. 1 r. Job Ha.»s M ill IhtuBj Your BiGt^ against dipesse 
»ND PAY FOR ALL THAT DIB, if his Renisdy is used according to directitns. Wiite 
lor particiJars. 

Dr. Jos. Haas' Revised "Higology" iree to readers of this paper, write today. 

Piices of Dr. Jos. Haas' Hog Remedy: 25 lb. can $12.50. half csin (12^ Us.), 
$6.50, prepaid; Kackagfs. $2..' 0, $ .25 and £0 cents each. JSolc genuine without 
my biguatuie on package oi can laiitl. 

"Yes, kind lady, my four years' 
term expires in two weeks, then when 
I get out of the pen I am going to re- 
form and start a little cigar-store. I 
kin buy one for six hundred dollars. 
Have I friends what'll advance the 
money? Naw, I don't need them fer 
that little sum; I kin steal that much 
in two nights." — December Lippin- 

Her husband had died very sud- 
denly, and her friends were calling to 
comfort her. She listened very at- 
tentively and seemed to be more cheer- 
ful, but suddenly she cried out. "All 
you've told me is very true, but I'm 
sure I shall never love my second hus- 
band as much as I did the first." — 
December Lippincott's. 



Its Record is 30 years of unexampledl 










The Youns Man (with some embar- 
rassment) — There is one question you 
haven't asked me yet, sir. You 
haven't wanted to know whether or 
not I think I can make a living for 
your daughter. 

The Old Man — That isn't necessary, 
Henry. She'll see that you make the 
living, all right, if she's at all like her 
mother — and I think she Is. 

nrn|#OlJ|nrQ Young Boars. Sows to farrow February, and 

{jQ|||\y||||||^^, March; Pigs, single, pairs and trios not akin. 
P||pn|k|prWn several fine joungBulls and Heifers. Bargains 

bUtnllutTUi atourprices. 

I r no rVQ Helfere in calf and some nice yearlinge. Better inquire 

JtllyLlOi about them. 

B P. ROCKS. ^ fi°^ ^o* °^ ^^^'^y hatched cockerels. 


DUCKS, and a few Drakes and pairs of domesticated WILD 


n. B. ROWE & Co., - - Fredericksburg, Virginia. 


(World's Fair Wloner), Imp. ELMA CLERHJ. 
Ist Imp. SIR JOHN BULL 2nd, and a host o« 
others, including the now fashionable 
PREMIER blood which swept the blue rib- 
bons at the World's Fair, at St. Louis. I 
refer you to Mr. F. S. Springer. Secy. Am. 
Berk. Assn. Springfield, III., as to whether 
I own the above strains and fully 20 more. 
All sizes and sexes for sale cheap. TOWELS 
ROCK, S. C. B LEGHORN Cockerels, PIT 
GAME PuIleU and hens. THOS. S. WHITE, 
FasBlfern Stock ft Poultry Farm, Lexington, 



ASSETS, $1,056,360.54 

Virginia Fire and Marine 

Insurance Company of RicKmond, Va., 

Insures Against Fire and Lightning. 

All descriptions of property in country and town, private 
or public, insured at fair rates, on Accommodating terms. 

W. H. PALMER, President. E. B, ADDISON, VIce-Pres't. W. H. McCarthy. Seoretarj. 





Michael had been doing his Christ- 
mas shopping and was returning to 
his home, several blocks from the 
terminus of the street-car line. He 
was burdened with numerous parcels 
and packages, which were couiinual- 
ly slipping from his grasp. The one 
that caused him most annoyance was 
the Christmas turke>, wTiIch, stuffed 
head-downward in a large paper bag, 
had penetrated the bottom of its 
dampened envelope and seemed all 
legs and neck, and simply would not 
adjust itself to the oiner bundles. 
Finally it burst through the bag and 
dropped to the ground, and Michael 
after several ineffectual efforts to ar- 
range it conveniently, sat down on a 
doorstep and wiping his perspiring 
brow, observed with feeling, "Begor- 
ra. If I'd 'a' knowed this tur-rkey was 
goin' to be such a trubble I'd 'a' 
bought a live one an' made the dom 
bur-rd walk!" — Christmas Lipipncott's 


Dr. Jos. Haas, of Indianapolis, Ind., 
has perfected an Insurance proposition 
which is proving popular among swine 
breeders and his Hog Remedy has 
been on the market for years, and In 
view of the fact that the doctor in- 
sures hogs to which it is fed, agree- 
ing to pay for all that die. It is ap- 
parent that he has faith in its vir- 
tues. It is strictly a medicine, not a 
stock food. The doctor says that It 
arrests disease, expels worms, stops 
cough, regulates the bowels, purifies 
the blood, increases flesh and pays 
for itself many times over In feed 

His valuable booklet, called "Hog- 
ology" contains a full explanation of 
his insurance proposition. It also is 
replete with helpful Information up- 
on every subject connected with swine 
breeding and feeding. Several edi- 
tions of this work have been issued. 
The latest one is enlarged and im- 
proved in typographical appearance. 
It tells about Dr. Haas' Hog Remedy. 
Its veterinary suggestions are es- 
pecially valuable to swinemen. There 
is information in this booklet which 
has cost years of expensive exper- 
ience. It is. in fact, the essence of 
the best information obtainable upon 
the subject treated. Those who men- 
tion this paper when applying for the 
booklet will secure it free. 


An Irishman boarded a street car 
and handed the conductor a rather di- 
lapidated-looking coin in payment of 
his fare. The conductor looked at the 
coin critically and handed it back. 
"That's tin," he said. 

"Sure, I thought it was a foive," an- 
swered the Irishman complacently, as 
he put the piece back in his pocket 
and produced a nickel. — December 

LiKe An Old Triend 


You've kuown it many years. 01<ler 

th,^n this generation. The great 

promoter of clean limbed 

horses is 

KendalFs Spavin Cure. 

Used Years — Nothing So Good. 

Cherokee, Kansas, April 2, 1905. 
Dr. B. J. Kendall Co., Enosburp Falls, Vt. 

Gentlemen:— Will you please send me a copy of your *'Treatise on the 
Horse and his Diseases." I have used Kendall's Spavin Cure for a number of 
years and found nothing: so good for Curb. Spavin, Ringbone, etc. I have 
also used two of your books till they are worn out, FRANK HILLER. 

Curcj Curb. Spavin. Ringbone, Splint, Sweeney, Galls, Sores, Cuts, Foot Rot, Hip 

Diseases, and all Hkp ailments. 

Price $1; 6 for $5. Grnatest liniment known for family use. AH dnigeists sell it 
Accept nu substitute. Tlie great book, "A Treatise on the Horse," free from druggists or 



The most prolific and profitable bieed Boars tit for service. Sows and gilts in 
farrow, and weanling pigs for sale. 


Bulls and Heifers from eows testing 18 to 23 lbs of butter in seven days. Th» 
$10,000 buUEminent and Kioter of St. Lambert, Jr., at the head of the herd. 


the best table fowl. 

the best layers. 

Prices Reasonble. 

Address, BOWMONT FARMS, Salem, Va* 




Of choicest breeding and individuality. Write for what you 

Forest Home Farm, 

Purcellville, Va. 


breed and ship the very best strains 
of thorough hred reeistereH LARGE 

E N G L I S H B E n K S H I R E 

Hogs f>r LE-.8 MONEY than any 
other firm in the U. rf., th« superior- 
ity of our stock considered. Send 
us your order and we will satisfy you 
both in price and stock. 
Proorielor of the Bridle Creek Slock Farm. Warrenton. N. C. 

Mention The Southern Planter when writing advertisers. 





S. L. Allen & Co. are advertising 
the celebrated "Planet Jr." tools in 
this issue. 

The Goodall Co. are offering the Ca- 
hoon Seed Sower to our readers again 
this season. 

The American Harrow Co. is a new 
advertiser this month. Their Manure 
Spreader on 30 days' free trial is their 

The Ohio Carriage Mnfg. Co. have 
several advertisements in this issue 
to which we invite attention. 

The Ames Plow Co. starts the sea- 
son's advertising this month. 

Theattention of our readers is in- 
vited to the advertisement of Fetzer 
tc Co. 

Morrill & Morley offer their Spray 
Pumps in an attractive ad. elsewhere 
In this issue. 

The Keystone Farm Machine Co. 
have an advertisement on another page 
to which we ask attention. 

The advertising of Kendall's Spavin 
Cure is resumed with this number. 

Chas. A. Cyphers has an Incubator 
Announcement in another column, to 
which attention is asked. 

The Avery Mnfg. Co. is offering an 
attractive Threshing outfit. 

The Belcher & Taylor A. T. Co. has 
a couple of ads. in this issue, to which 
attention is asked. 

The Spartan Mnfg. Co. makes a lib- 
eral offer on its Fep<i Grinder. Look 
up the half page ad. 

Look up the ad. of the Manlove Gate 
Co. A splendid device is offered by 
this firm. 

The Poultry men, Live Stock breed- 
ers. Incubator men and other Miscel- 
laneous advertisers are out in full 
force in this issue. You will find ad- 
vertised everything for man or beast. 
Kindly mention the Southern Planter 
when writing any of them. 


Robbie's father had a man drop in 
to see him. After they had chatted a 
few minutes the guest was offered the 
only cigar on the table, so Robbie was 
sent upstairs for a fresh box. As the 
boy reached the top stair his father 
was startled to hear: 

"Which kind, papav t>o you want 
those you smoke yourself, or the kind 
you give away?" — December Lippin- 

We invite the attention of our read- 
ers to the advertisement of Mr. A. L. 
French, proprietor of the Sunny Home 
Herd of Aberdeen-Angus Cattle. He 
Is booking orders now for future deliv- 
ery. Some of his patrons north of the 
quarantine line couldn't get served lase 
year, so he is giving all ample notice 
this time. Just get your order in and 
he will attend to the shipping before 
quarantine is in operation again. 

Farmers Say 


Is the Best Remedy on Earth. 
Kills a Spavin Curb or Splint. 
Very Penetrating. Kills Pain. 


Baron Premier 3rd 75021, 

pigs. It makes 

the head of our herd, was first In his class at World's Fair; weighs 800 
pounds at 22 months. His dam Is litter-mate to Lord Premier, SOOOl, 
selling recently for {1,500; his sire was premier champion winner at World's 
Fair at St. Louis. With this great hog and a large line of hoth Imported 
and American well selected sows and gilts, especially chosen to mate with 
him, we are aetnally producing and accompUsbing the pleasure of breeding 
the most magnificent strains of BIG, LONG, WIDE, DEEP THICK-SET 
BERKSHIRE HOGS on short legs. 
We are now offering a few bred sows and gilts and some three monthi 
no difference how fine hogs you dcelre to purchase, you need not go farther 


W. H. COFFMANN, Propr., Bluefleld, W. Va. 


I have a limited number of Pigs by 
my fine Boars, Gray's Big Chief, 67077 GKAY'b BIG CHIKF. 57U77 

and Victor G. 57075, and can furnish pairs not akin or related to those previously 
purchased. Young Boars and Sows of all ages. Send to headquarters and get the 
best from the oldest and largest herd of Poland-Chinas in this State at one-half 
Western prices. Address J. B. GRAY, Fredericksburg, Va. 

Always mention the Southern Plant- 
er when writing advertisers. 

UoC General Purpose riUlf 

nd left hand. An easily handled plow and just the thing 

fcr iicht soils. Full chilled moldbuard, sloping chilled landside 

chilled share n-ith shin piece combined. Index beam quickly set t. 

are or less land. If no Syracuse dealer in your town, write u 

We'll send catalogue and particulars and see that you an 


Syracuse Chilled 
Plow Co., 





To be Made With High Or Low Neck, 
Elbow or Long Sleeves. 
The vogue of the princess dress is 
as much to be noted among the styles 
for little girls as among those of their 
elders, and e.xceedingly charming are 
some of the results. This one is emi- 
nently simple, girlish and attractive 
and includes all the essential charac- 
teristics, while it is so designed that 
there is nothing like severity found 
In its outlines. As illustrated it is 
made with the open square neck and 
elbow sleeves that are so well liked 
fordancing school partiesand thelike, 
but the addition of yoke ana cuffs 
make It suited to after noon wear. 
In this instance, the material is pale 
pink chiffon veiling trimmed with 
ecru lace, but the list of possible and 
satisfactory things Is long. The sea- 

B20B Glri's SI 

1 Princesse Dress, 
4 years. 

son Is singularly prolific of soft, crush- 
able materials and everything that can 
be shirred with success Is appropri- 
ate. Such light weight wools as this 
one are generally liked for girls from 
eight to fourteen, but there are some 
simple silks which also are correct and 
again the silk muslins and the like are 
always charming for the party frocks. 
The dress consists of waist and dress 
portions, which are joined invisibly at 
the shlrrings, so giving the princess 
lines. The waist is made over a fitted 
lining, which is faced to form the yoke 
when high neck is used and is trimmed 


We have for immediate S»le bull calves siiedby 
Forfarshire, Mtrrett's Flying Fox, and Flying Fox's Rex, 

three of the best Imported .Jersey Bulls in America. Also sjveral magnificiently Heifers of the Golden Lad and St. Lamlsert type. 

Prices reasonable. 


According to Geo. F. Weston, THE BEST BOAR THAT COULD BE FOUND IN 
ENGLAND hy Biltmore Farms— heads our herd. He sold for $615.00 and weighs 
1:00 pounds ia show condition. 


Is among our Imported brood sows. THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN pronounced 
Manaeer of Filston Farm^ Maryland, writes toat she is "The best Imported 
Berl»hhire saw in America." . " , , . /■ t:.„u ,.„,„ 

If you want a great Irood sow or boar, let us book your order for lebruary 
pigs of above mating. 

MONTVIEW STOCK FARM, (Carter Glass, Owner). 



Aberdeen Angus Cattle. 

Several of our friends failed last year to 
quarantine, and consequently were disappolo 
wanted. To save this trouble NEXT SPRIN 
ERENCE and I will ship your bull, you to 
spring. This has beeTi the best year in the 
better than ever, and sales to match. 

Send on your orders, we are ready for y 
Address: A. L. FRENCH, Propr., R. F. 
on D. and W. Ry. 

order bulls until after the close of tho 
tpfl. in not being able to get what they 
O send your order NOW with BANK REF- 

pay for him when ready to use him next 
history of the Sunny Home Herd. Cattle 

D. Byrdville. Va. Station Fitzgerald, N. C, 

The Delaware Herd of 


Is not surpassed either in breeding or Individual animals 
by any herd in the East. At the head of our herd Is 


the son of the great $9,100 Prince Ito. Females of 
equally choice breeding Write your wants remember, 
we take personal care of our cattle; keep no high priced 
help; incur no expense of eih biting; ail of which enables 
us to pfler stock at equitable prices. Send for pamphlet. 

MYEH e» SON. Prop.. BridgBvillo, D«l. 

Idf Grove Stock Farm 

Holstein=Friesian Bulls. 

Two 2 years old 
One 1 year old 
Four 6 mos. old 

Will sell them cheap to make room for others. 
Prices includes registry and transfer to buyer. 

T. O. SANDY, Prop. Burkeville, Va. 




The Property of WESTMORELAND DAVIS, Esq. 

Large White Yorkshires. 

LARGE WHITE YORKSHIRE PIGS from prize winning families for sale. Herd 
headed by imported boar, "Holywell Huddersfield" No. 4 -.50 (A. Y. C), second prize 
at Yorkshire Show, England 1904. These pigs are the English Bacon breed : they are 
prolific breeders, economical feeders, and hardy of con<ititution. During the month of 
August the two farrowing sows, imported Sweetest Polly (A. Y. C.) , gave birth to 17 
pigs, and the sow imported Holywell Empress (A. Y. C), gave birth to 14 pigs. Or- 
ders will now be received for boars and sows from these and similar litters. Also a few 
boars fit to head any herd at reasonable prices. 

Reg. Guernsey Cattle. 

REGISTERED GUERNSEYS^Herd headed by imported Top Notch, 9023 
(A. G. C. C ) , a son of Imported Itchen Beda advanced Reg. No. 136, assisted by Main- 
stays Glenwood Boy, 7607, A. G. C. C. (son of Jewell of Haddon), advanced Reg. No. 
92. This herd is rich in the blood of Mainstay, Rutila's Daughter, Imported Honoria 
(Guernsey Champion, first prize at St. Louis), the Glenwood, Imported May Rose and 
imported Masher families. Bulls only for sale. No cows for sale. 

Dorset Horn Sheep. 

DORSET HOEN SHEEP.— Flock headed by the Imported Ram, "Morven's Best," 
No. 4132 (C. D. C.) ; first prize at the English Royal 1904. A few ram lambs for sale. 

Flocks and herds may be viewed by appointment. 







with the shirred bertha. The skirt is 
tucked above the frill, and shirred at 
Its upper edges, the shirrings being 
arranged over a foundation yoke. The 
closing is made invisibly at the center 

The quantity of material required 
for the medium size (12 years) is 7 1-4 
yards 21, 5 1-2 yards 27 or 3 3-4 yards 
44 inches wide with 3-4 yards of all- 
over lace 7 1-2 yards lace edging to 
make as illustrated; 3 yards additional 
21. 2 1-2 yards 27 or 1 1-2 yards 44 
Inches wide if bertha and rrlU are of 
the material. 

The pattern 5205 is cut in sizes for 
girls of 8, 10. 12 and 14 years. 

6204 Blouse Eton. 32 to 40 bust. 

There is no coat better liked or more 
fashionable than the blouse Eton and 
none that suits a greater number of 
occasions. It Is smart, jaunty and 
very generally becoming, it involves 
fewer difficulties for the amateur than 
do the tightly fitted coats, and it can 
be worn at all hours of the day. Here 
Is one that is eminently simple at 
the same time that it is eminently 
chic and smart and which appropriate- 
ly can be made of the light weight 
velvets velveteens and broadcloths and 
Indeed, all suiting that allow of being 
tucked with success. As illustrated, 
cloth in one of the new shades of sage 
Is trimmed with velvet and handsome 
■buttons, but here aetain there is oppor- 
tunity for individuality, for the collar 
and cuffs can be made of broadcloth 
on rough material, of the material 
braided or trimmed with banding or 
of moire or, indeed, of any contrasting 
material that may be preferred. 

The coat is made with fronts, back 
and centre front, all of which are tuck- 

▲CTOK 26tb, 13fi288 


'>n'ned br B. W. Anderion, BUker Htlle, Green- 
Tier county, W. Va. 

A choice lot of BCLLS, COWS, »nd HEIFBBS 
'or ule. Also t few POLLED HEBEFORD 
BULLS recorded In the Natlon&l Polled Here- 
ford Becords. Write for catalogue and prlcei. 
Farm near Alderson, W. Va., on the C. A O. B. K. 
Telegraph and Telephone office, Aldeison 
W. Va. 





Berryville, Va. 

Best English and American strain 

Grand Chaisplon Prince Euperi, No.7fo39. 

We Wish You a Prosperous New Year." 

By inTet-tinglD a Herelord Bull calf, tod will cerialnly become 
pr fperouB 5 calves tanelng In age Vrum 7 to 14 mi>a. and In 
weight fiom 6(Xi t» 12i0 lbs. for sale now. Flnett breeding— 
bigges^t growth. Notice the ages and weights. 

Cross a Hereford on "Bny old cow," and the result Is a red, 
white faced calf— the Hereford trade mark fn eve-y one. 

Calves can be shipped ■'outh now wiih perfect smfety. 
_ Best and largest herd In the State— best equipped plant. 

Write us a letter now and send for eataUgne. 

ROSEMONT FARM, Berryville, Clarke Co,. Va. 




Sold to settle Estate. 

H. ARMSTRONQ, Lantz Mills, Va. 

Edgewood Stock Farm. 


The flrat fruits of the fleck arrired !■ October this rear. We never tMk Bar* 9»tm 
In mating and we mutt bare better ram lambs thau erer before. As long ai we 4»- 
eer^e your trade, we tball eipect It. The Dorset Is coming right Into lu own la Vir- 
ginia. If you are In the lamb busioeaa you must bare Dorset blood. Wa will bsak 
your orders right aew tor Spriag delivery. Tritb best wishes (or tke breeders et the 
hoof. Sincerely, 

H. B. ARBUCKLE, Oreenbrler, Co., Maxweltos. W, Va. 


We will forward th« 

ImllAtes any bird and many animals. Sendlc. stamp for postage. 
Wblstle and our immeose new catalogue ofooveltlcs. 



A fascinating book by an old trapper. Allabout the ways and habits of animals, birds 
and flsb: and bow to hunt, catch and stulftbeni. Tells bow to make a small fortune 
raising mink for their fur. Full of valu-able information for every hunter and flsheT' 
man Sent postpaid together with the bIrdWhistle for 25 cents. Regular Price %L — 
INTERNATIONAL NOVELTY CO., La-vergne SUtlon, Chicago, III. 






PIGS, BOAKS and BRED SOWS for sale at greatly redaced prices in order to 
avoid crowding in winter quarters. 

HerJ Boars n.w in service are O'S rORRECTOR, 98157, a superb individual, bred 
by Winn ^ Mastir, of Kansas, and a half brothier to the >^enior Champion Boar atj 
the St. Louis World's Fair. Half interest in the sire of D'd LOKREt. 'J OK sold f 
12.500. Mv other herd boar, BIG JU.vlBO, Vol 27,0. P. C. K., was fired by the 
1100 Iti. hog, PEKhKCT I AM, 50767, and out of the 700 lb. sow, LADY P. SAND- 
ERS, 79040. BIG JUMBO was bred by W. S. PoweU, of Kansas, and will, I be- 
lieve, make a thousand pound hog at maturity. 


J. F. DURRETTE, Birdwood, Albemarle County, Virginia. 

ed. The neck Is finished with the col- 
lar and the closing is made at the 
centre front, the tucked centre portion 
being hooked over ir-'isibly into place. 
The sleeves are quite new ones that 
are full above the elbows, laid in tucks 
below, a trimming band being applied 
over the upper edges of the tucks, 
while they are finished with becoming 
flare cuffs. 

The quantity of material required 
for the medium size is 4 1-4 yards 
21, 3 1-2 yards 27 or 2 yards 44 Inches 
wide with 1 yard for collar, cuffs and 

The pattern 5204 Is cut in sizes for 
a 32, 34, 3G, 38 and 40 Inch bust meas- 

We can furnish these patterns at 10 
cents each. 

mond, Va. 

Star Incubators and Brooders have 
become popular because of the success 
they have brought to their "lucky" 

We can promise you that these Stars 
will never disappoint you. When you 
put your fertile eggs into a Star Incu- 
bator you can fortell the future of the 
hatch with far more certainty than 
the wisest astrologer can Interpret 
the mysterious message from the so- 
lar systjm. They have made success 
a practical certaintv for anyone who 
will use them right. Their many 
patented and exclusive features make 
poultry raising easy, pleasant, profita- 
ble, safe, sure. 

Every chich hatched in a Star Incu- 
bator and raised in a Star Brooder, is 
a distinctive Chick — a "Star Chick" — 
as much as if it had a star stamped on 
Its back. They are strong, sturdy, 
straight-limbed, bright-eyed, soft and 
fluffy — jut the kind of chicks that will 
grow into money quick. 

Get the handsome new catalogue of 
these new machines and learn how and 
why. Write the makers, the Star In- 
cubator and Brooder Co., Bound BrooK, 
N. J., for a copy. They will mail it 
free if you will mention this paper 
when you write. 

Elmore Co., Ala., Dec. 8, 1905. 
The' Southern Planter is unreserv- 
edly the best agricultural newspaper 
in the South, or that circulates in this 
part of the country. 


AND :- 



entitled to registration ; also bred Sows at reasonable prices. 

APPLyTO J. c. GRAVES, Barboursville, Orange Co., V. 


Registfred herd-First Pren.luin Stock; lirgest 
and most proHflc hog on record; 3 Sows 41 pigi, 
breeding stock 400 to 700 poundi; easy feedlns; ser- 
vice boars sows bred. ?'ancv pips for sale. My 
time to this breed 9 yean. The best money can 
buy and feed produce. 

P. »l. FU^KHOUSER, Winchester, Va. 
Referenceii: Farmers and Merchants National 
Bank, Winchester, Va 


A choice lot of young stock for sal*; some young bulls ready for service 
and bull calves sired by DEKOL 2D, BUTTER BOY, 3D, No. 2, and SIR PAULINE 
CRADDOCK, whose breeding and individuality are unsurpassed. 

Also a nice lot of BERKSHIRE PIGS, Biltmore and Filston strtinB. 

Before buying, write u« what yon want. FASf-lTT BPOS.. Sylmar, Md. 


Offer at reasonable prices : 
aged 8 and 11 months 
B^uU Blood BERKSHIRES from Royal Blood. 

W. B. GATES, Prop. - - - Rice Dep. Prince Edward County, Virginia^ 

Do Yo\i SKip Apples? 

If so, let us call your attention to the California and 
Oregon apple boxes, the coming packages for nice apples, 
particularly for foreign shipments. 

SOUTHSIDE M'F'G CO., Petersburg, Va. 


Thresh Your Grain With .AN AVERY sVit 




Hammoth Catalotme Free to 
Threslieiinen. Write for it. 

AVERY MFG. CO., 433 Iowa Street, Peoria, Ills. 




Farmers and Live Stock Dealers 

If you have any kind of Live stock to sell send it to me — Cattle, Sheep, 
Lambs, Calves or Hogs. I guarantee highest market value according 
to quality. Sales made quickly and returns promptly. Strict personal 
attention given to the sale of every animal. I pay just as much atten- 
tion to a single head as I do to car lots. Write me when you wish to 
know the market on anything in my line. I give accurate infor- 
mation as to prices and conditions of our market. 

ROBERT C. BRAUER, Richmond, Va. 

O BOX 204. Pens and Offices! Union Stock Vards. Long Distance Phone. Phanes Nos. 993 

Address : * 

«nd 5059: 


Marion, S. C, Sept. 26, 1905. 
Messrs. E. Mortimer & Co., 
New York City. 
Gentlemen: — I have yours of the 
18th inst., and in reply would say that 
I can furnish you with a splendid tes- 
timonial regarding the effect of the 
Guano analyzing: 

8.30 per cent. Ammonia, 2.00 per 
cent. Potash, 8.50 per cent. Total Phos. 
Acid, which I used on my tobacco. 

I planted 7 acres of tobacco. On 
half I put 800 pounds of a commercial 
fertilizer, analyzing: 

4.00 per cent. Ammonia, 4.00 per 
cent. Potash, 8.00 Phosphoric Acid and 
150 pounds of sulphate of potash to the 

nthe other half I applied 400 lbs. 
of the 8.30 per cent Peruvian Guano 
and 200 pounds sulphate of Potash: 

TER QUALITY. It did not ripen as 
early as that on which I put the 8-4-4 
commercial fertilizer, but when it ful 
ly matured it ripened beautifully; in 
fact it ripened from the bottom to the 
top of the stalk almost at once and 
could have been cured on the stalk. 

1 also used the Guano on cotton with 
equally satisfactory results. 

(Signed) R. .7. Blackwell. 

See adertisement in this issue. 


A very seasonable' useful and dura- 
ble little machine advertised in this is- 
sue, is the "Black Hawk" Corn Sheller, 
made by Mr. A. H. Patch of Clarks- 
ville, Tenn. We invite interested par- 
ties to write to Mr. Patch for circu- 
lars, prices, etc. 

Cobb Co., Ga., Nov. 23, 190,5. 
I can't do business without the 
Southern Planter. 


*•! J) 
El 3 













Toqalckly flntrodneelnto every home our Electric Balm Com- 
plexion. Toilet and Bath Soap, we offer 800 extra large penuine Pilk 
remnants abaohitelj free to every one answering this advertise- 
ment. We will also Bend at once frer^ a package of the Soap. Address, 

T> ^-* "WSrf^-V trt;= l-kn'¥>'¥t tun r* ' 

BOX 105, DEFT, igo D 







1 = CENT = 1 

Spent for a Postal Card, 

wrltiDg for our Illustrated catalogue -will Phow 
you how mucb you cao lave, buying a Trunk di- 
rect from the Factciry at Whole»ale Hrlce. 

You get one of the most convenient Trunks 

Uselulne»i8, Simplicity, Durability and Eco- 
nomy combined. 

I'nces iromH.OOup.and lold under Guarantee. 
Moiie) promptly relumed If not perfectly Satls- 

V\ rile for cttalog— Return ronll will bring It 



"Water Supply for Country Home s. 

Deliver water from springer houBe, ;8table, lawn, storage tauk, 
etc, by the automatic working 


Always going without attention. Kaises 30 feet for every foot fall 
80per cent, eftlclency. Ijarge plants for irrigation, f qulip'' R l"«ns. rail 
road tanks, etc. Over 6,000 In use. Catalogue and estimates free. O, . 
RIPE ENQINB CO.. 126 Liberty St., New York, N. Y. 


Ijrind all grains, earcorn, shelled corn, oats, rye, wheat 
[ and barley. Largest capacity with smallest power, 

f SO styles and sizes. Sweep, Geared, Combined and Power!^ 

) Scientific Gas and Gasoline Ereincs. Write for new calaloeue C. 
; FOOS MFG. CO., I {Eslablishrd iSjS) Springfield, Ohio 





The Studebaker Farmer's Almanac 
for 1906 Is now ready for distribution. 
The issuance of this almanac has been 
made an annual event by the great 
Studebaker Vehicle establishment. 
This is the seventh year. It has al- 
ways been filled with valuable informa- 
tion to farmer folk in addition to the 
regular calendar and almanac features. 
We think it but fair to say the present 
one is the best issued. An article on 
the "Evolution of the Vehicle," pic- 
turing and describing, practically ev- 
ery type of conveyance ever devised. 
from the crude contrivances of earli- 
est times on down to the present, is a 
valuable feature of the 1906 book. 
Studebaker dealers have the almanac 
for free distribution or it may be had 
by sending a 2c stamp for postage to 
the Studebaker Company, South Bend. 

There are thousands of horses 
throughout the country with scars, 
and consequently thousands of horse 
owners that would like to rid their 
animals of these eye sores. It is not 
general known that it is possible to 
move an old scar tissue and heal with 
hair on and leave no blemish. W. F. 
Young. P. D. F., 109 Monmouth St.. 
Springfield. Mass, has issued a small 
printed slip giving detailed instruc- 
tions for removing scars with Absor- 
ine that should be in the hands of 
every farmer. It is free for the ask- 
ing — a postal will bring it. 


For all kinds af spraying, flowers, 
shrubs, vines, small trees, and for 
whitewashing, the "Kant-Klog" Spray- 
er of the Rochester Spray Pump Com- 
pany, Is a most worthy little machine. 
It is good because it gets the desired 
results and it does not require so much 
labor to do it. Its name Indicates one 
good feature — it can't clog. It oper- 
ates on the Compressed Air principle. 
It throws nearly a dozen forms of 
sprays from the same nozzle. Any- 
body who has an inclination toward 
agency propositions has a chance to 
make a good thing here. It is a ready 
seller and the manufacturer is asking 
for agents. See advertisement else- 

Planet Jr. 
For Easy Gardening. 

! Hundred Thousand Us 

tools unequalled for dependable service, and tr 

There's a "Planet Jr." for every need. The Hi 

s, Riding Cultivators (one or two roi 

jclaim the Planet Jr. farm i 
le economy of time, labor 
e includes Seeders. Wheel Ho 
'), Beet and Orchard Cultivators, Jr. Seeders are without a rival. They sow all garden seeds accurately any depth _ , 
thickness desired, in either drills or hills; open furrow?, drop andcovei, roll and mark the 
, all at one operation. A regular stand of plants insured and no wasted seed. 
Planet Jr. No. 12 Double Wheel Hoe is a marvel of usefulness. It enables you to 
s every day two acres of onions or any similar crop and do it faster and better 
■ith hand hoes. Kills all weeds and leaves the soil in sple 
did condition. Farmers as well as gardeners need our 1106 book, which 
fully illustrates the machines at work both at home and abroad. 
Mailed Free. 

S. L. Allen & Co., 

Boi 1107X. rhilidelphli, Pa. 




hoe rake, 

or double flrheel. Adjust- 
ments easily made. 
For planting- and 
all kinds ofcal- 

Send for FREE 
BOOKLET of val- 
uable informa- 
tion for planting and cnltlvatingr the g-arden 



6 Styles Seeders 

Opens fur- M Models 

■ow. drops g Qf 



Double or Single Wheel Hoe 

and full descriptic 


For Sale by GRIFFITH & TURNER CO., BALTlMOKt., iuij. 



Metal rooIiDgs 
cost. less. Ko 

r to lay, \i 

-Hardened Steel, pa 

rooOng £ 

$1.73 per 100 square feet, 

eidcB. perfeetly fist, "Jl inches wicie Dy '^'± i 

raped or Standing Seara costs $1.83. We c: 

t 25c per square additional. We 6ffe 

d Beaded Ceiling or Siding at $3.25 per lOO square lect. At the 


cept Oklahoma. Indian TernCoiy and Texas. Prices to other points on opplicat 

Send in your order for as many squares as you may need to cover your new or 

lilding. Time has proven its enduring qualities. Thousands ot Bams. Houses. E 

nces. Poultry Houses and Buildings of every kind are covered with this sope 

1. We guarantee satisfaction. Money chferfully refunded if upon receipt of 

al bi 
Is the time to . 
Freight prepaid p 

and I 

if you , 

>rder. Bend oi 

, -t- - . - - - -uch Covering as w« deem best suited f.. 

Ask For Oar Special Catalogue No. R166. It q 

fund th 
ol the Building you hi 

your purpoi 

If you V 

int qu 


w prices on roofing. Down Spouting. Eave Troosh. Wire. 1 





It is not easy to choose for special 
mention any one feature of the Jan- 
uarj' Century: but most readers are 
likely to turn first to the new char/ers 
of Mrs. Humphry Ward's "Fenwick's 
Career," chapters which tell of the 
Christmas season in the Westmore- 
land country, of Fenwick's growing 
rebellion against all the conditions of 
his earlier life, and of Phoebe's set- 
ting out for Ix)ndon. The sketch of 
Madame de Pastourelles by Albert 
Sterner is reproduced in tine. There 
is a short story by Israel Zangwill. 
"The Yiddish 'Hamlet'"; and other 
short stories by Elsie Singmaster, 
Katharine Holland Brown, Grace S. 
H. Tylue, Beatrice E. Rice, Florida 
Pier and Mary Hallock Foote. 

Publication of the late Secretary 
Hay's study of "Franklin in France" 
— an account and estimate of the 
work of the most successful of the 
diplomats of the past by the 
most distinguished and successful of 
American diplomats of our own time 
— comes with happy timeliness, just 
as the nation is about to celebrate 
the two hundredth anniversay of the 
birth of Franklin. The address was 
prepared for delivery in Chicago sev- 
eral years ago, but ill-health caused 
it to be laid aside. 

Three other stories of timely inter- 
est and importance are the discus- 
iosn of "Railway Rates and Indus- 
trial Progress" by Samuel Spencer, 
president of the Southern Railway 
(the other side to have a hearing in 
the next number of The Century) ; 
Oscar King Davis's narrative of that 
remarkable feat of engineering 'The 
ucin Cut-off," and Charles De Kay's 
descrintion of the four marble groups 
by Daniel Chester French, designed 
for the main front of the new cus- 
tom house in New York, and which 
are regarded by Mr. French as his 
best work. The second instalment of 
Frederick Trevor Hill's "Lincoln the 
Lawyer" tells of Lincolns' law stu- 
dent days, his admittance to the bar, 
and his first partnershin. 

The Januarv St. Nicholas, coming 
just in time for New Year's reading, 
is full of cheer and fun — a number 
with much for grown-ups as well as 
for the children of the family. W. J. 
B. Moses's "The Ransom of Billy," 
and the new Pinkey Perkins's story, 
"How Pinkev Caueht a Bank Ac- 
count." are Christmas Dav tales: and 
Edith Thomas's lines on "The Proces- 
sion of the Three Kings" are illus- 
trated by a full-page renroduction of 
Paul Hey's lithogranh. "For they will 
find her. sittine still and weak, upon 
a bT'>h. beside some stable shed." 
Paul R. Heyl tells in bold measure 
"The Ballad of Bruce's Bowl:" Eliz- 
abeth Price's "Miss Dorothea's Re- 
cital" is a charming tale: Carter 
Hamilton's "Flapjack" is a jollv story 
of a iolly little doe-hero: Ellis But- 
ler's "The Rowena O'Toole Company 

■ full of fun; and Francis Arnold 
Mins's "Toy Railroading" Is good 


Id general use many rears. I^ guaranteed 
to work and give satisfaction, all sales made 
on that basis. It saves time and annoyance 
-\dds to value, and good appearance of a home 
and Is a good advertisement for any up-to-date 
prosperous place. Catalogue, MAXLOVE GATE 
CO.. 272 Huron Street. Chicago, 111. 

Page Poultry Fence Costs Less 

erected than common nettings; 
fences poultry in and stock out; 
requires no boards and but few 
posts; never sags, bags, or buck- 
les, and outlasts the posts. Com- 
plete description and prices fur- 
nished on request. Write today. 

Page Woven Wire Fence Co., Box 512, Adrian, Mich. 


>s Cheaper and More Effective ihan LIME, SfLPHUR and SALT in controlling 


Mr. J. H. BAIKD. Supt Hale Georgia Orchard Co., Fort Valley, Ga . writes; "lam more 
confident each day of the resultg from Scaleridc — to all inquirers I recommend it." 

For sample, testimi n'uls and prices delivered at your Railroad Station, address 

B. G Pratt Co.' 1 1 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Pulls stumps or Standing Trees 

Clears • two acre circle *Hth one sitting— pulls an>-thing the *-ire rope will reach; stumps, 
trees, grubs, roci:s. hedges, etc. A man and a boy with vnt or two horses can ruo the 


Stump Anchored or Self Anchoring. 

A mloute and ahaJfis all It takes for the ordinary st-om p. No heavy chains or rods. Kote 
the strong wire rope with patent coupler— prips the r^pe at any pcint. Does net 
chafe rope; lar ahead of old-st>Ie" take-ups." Smallest rope we furnish stands 40,0o0 
lbs. strain. It generates immense power ard it's made to stand the strain. We also 
make the Iron Oiant Grub and Stump machine, the I- X. L. Grubber and Hawkcye 
Grub and Stump Machine. M'rite for free Illustrated catalogue. 
Largest maoulaelurermef Slump Pullers l« the World. 
Established /ssi 




after-Christmas reading. Helen Nic- 
olay's "The Boys' Life of Lincoln" is 
proving instructive and absorBlng 
reading for the older girls and hoys; 
and youngsters of all ages find the 
other serials, "From Sioux to Susan" 
and "The Crimson Sweater," close 
rivals for favor. 

In this number begins S. E. For- 
man's "Stories of Useful Inventions," 
designed to unfold the fascinating his- 
tory tied up in common things, 
matches, books, clocks, etc. How 
much interest there is in the life- 
history of one match one must read 
this first chapter to discover. There 
are other good things in the number, 
many pictures and verse by well- 
known contributors, and the always 
deliehtful and profitable departments 
of Nature and Scieice, the St. Nich- 
olas eague, the Letter-Box, the Fiddle- 
Box, Books and Reading, and the 
Stamp Page. 

The utility of the telephone to the 
farmer is becoming more pronounced 
every year. The endless satisfaction 
of being in close touch with neighbors, 
the city railroad station, creamery, and 
city, appeal not only to the farmer but 
to his family as well. The Jul. Andrae 
& Sons Co., 934 "W. Walnut St. Mil- 
waukee, Wis., specialize in supplying 
farmers and independent lines with 
everything pertaining to telephone sys- 
tems. They have been very successful 
in establishing telephone systems 
throughout the entire country, make a 
special telephone for farmer's usa 
Their instruments are constructed In 
such a manner as to enable them to be 
subjected to extra hard usage. We 
would advise our subscribers to write 
for the large book that is being given 
away free by the Andrse Co. 

Better Method of Preserving Meat 
That Gives Better Results. 

Smoking meats without a smoke 
house has produced results that are 
better in every way than the old fash- 
ioned method of preserving ham. shoul- 
der, bacon, dried beef, sausage, bolog- 
na, fish, etc. The most perfect, pala- 
table helpful meats ever obtained by 
any means of smoking have been pro- 
duced by applying Krauser's Liquid 
Extract of Smoke. 

Krauser's Llauid Smoke is a pure 
clean extract of hickory wood in a li- 
quid form. It is applied with a brush 
or snonge and it is cheaper and clean- 
er than the old way. Gives perfect 
protection against insects and mould. 

Information concerning its use, cost, 
etc., can be had by writing to the mak- 
ers, E. Krauser & Bro., Milton, Pa. 

Washineton, D. C, Dec. 15, 1905. 
The information obtained from your 
editorials and intelligent contribu- 
tions is invaluable. 

T. A. T. JUDD. 


We guarantee Ellwood Fence because 
we know how it is made. All the re- 
sources ot the greatest steel and wire mills 
in the world are brought to bear in get- 
ting as near perfection as it is possible. 

We mine the ore from our own mines, 
make it into steel in our own mills, draw 
it into wire and weave it into the fence — 
all under our own eyes from the ground 
until it is ready to staple to the posts. 
The best known processes are employed. 
Dealers in every place. Get catalogue. 

American Steel & Wire Go. 









T. W. Wood & Sons, Seedsmen, 
Richmond, Va. The annual catalogue 
of Seeds for the Farm and Garden, 
sent out by this firm, has now been 
issued so long that it has come to be 
looked for by Southern farmers, 
truckers and gardeners as a neces- 
sity, as it not only gives full particu- 
lars of all seeds required, but fur- 
nishes much other valuable informa- 
tion as to crops, in such a condensed 
form as to be Immediately available 
to the busy man. The issue this year 
is sent out in a beautiful cover and 
contains particulars of many new va- 
rieties of the varied crops peculiar to 
the South, as also of all the old stand- 
ard sorts deserving of cultivation. 
Copies will be sent to all who are on 
the firm's books and to others who 
may apply for the same. 

Wm. E. Miller, of Herndon. Va., 
Real Estate Agent, sends us a handy 
folding catalogue of some of the fine 
properties in his hands for sale, illus- 
trated with views of many of the plac- 
es. Send for this if you think or com- 
ing to Virginia. Mr. Miller is a relia- 
ble man and understands the lands in 
his section of the State, and this is 
one of the best Hn aims always to 
make a satisfied, good settler of his 

The Holiday number of the Breed- 
ers Gazette, Chicago, III., was one of 
the finest issues ever made of an Agri. 
cultural .Tournal. The Breeder's Ga- 
zette is the best Live Stock paper in 
the world and no stockman should fail 
to take it. We can send it to you with 
The Planter for $1.50 per year. 

Food for Plants. Edited by Wm. S. 
Myers, 12 .John street. New York. This 
is a hand book of 230 pages, contain- 
ing much valuable information, espe- 
cially as to the use of nitrate of soda 
as a top dressing. It will be sent free 
if you mention this Journal. 

A. B. Farquhar Co., Ltd., Implement 
makers, York, Pa. This old estab- 
lished firm has just issued a full de- 
scriptive catalogue and price list of 
all the implements and machinery 
manufactured by the firm. This will 
be found to be a most useful catalogue 
to have at hand on the farm and will 
be sent free on application. 

Walter A. Wood Mowing and Rpap- 
Ing Machine Co., Hooslck Palls, New 
York. Fiftyfourth annual catalogue. 
This firm is the oldest and largest in- 
dependent manufacturer of harvesting 
machines in the world. 

Doylestown Agricultural Works, 
Doylestown, Pa., manufacturers of 
horse powers, junior threshers and 
cleaners, ensilage cutters and riding 

Geo. H. Lee & Co., Omaha, Neb., 

makers of "Mandy Lee" incubators 

end brooders, and also publishers of 

-V Calendar and Egg Record, which will 

"ound useful. 

" & Sohre, land industrial agents, 

" .one, Va. 

fertilizers must be used liberally. Apply 
at least 500 pounds of a fertilizer per 
acre containing 3'^ per cent. Nitrogen, 
8 per cent, available phosphoric acid, 
and 9 per cent, of 

Potash is a most important factor in 
corn culture. Our practical books for 
farmers are yours for the asking — no 
cost or obligation of any sort, and a vast 
fund of invaluable information in them. 


New York — 95 Nassau Street, or 

Atlanta., Ga.— 22;i So. Broad Street 

The Everlasting Tubular Steel Plow Doubletree 

Guaranteed Dot to 
break or bend, hnr- 
DlHhed with rings or 
bookB for trace attach- 
ment. Hample orders 
ffent to rfsponslble 
parties on trial 

Send lor our No. 8 
Catalogue lor 1906. 

Contain! eTtrythtnf 
o( Interest to Dealer 

Alio manufaeturer of Farm Wagon Doubletrees. Neck Yokes and Slngletrtet. 

Pittsburg Tubular Steel Whiffletree CoInpanx^ 







John Walker, an English Druggist, 

Was the Inventor In 1827. 

In the nineteenth century — the cen- 
tury in which so many wonderful 
things were done — the fourth step in 
the development of the match was 
taken. In 1827, John Walker, a drug- 
gist in a small English town, tipped 
a splint with sulphur, chlorate of pot- 
ash, and sulphid of antimony, and 
rubbed it on sandpaper, and it burst 
into flame. The druggist had discov- 
ered the first friction-chemical match, 
the kind we use to-day. It was called 
friction-chemical because it is made 
by mixing certain chemicals to- 
gether and rubbing them. Although 
Walker's match did not require the 
bottle of acid, it nevertheless was 
not a good one. It could be lighted 
only by hard rubbing, and it sput- 
tered in all directions. In a few 
years, however, phosphorus was sub- 
stituted on the tip for antimony, and 
the change worked wonders. The 
match could now be lighted with very 
little rubbing, and it was no longer 
necessary to have sandpaper upon 
which to rub it. It would ignite when 
rubbed on any dry surface, and there 
was no longer any sputtering. This 
was the phosphorus match, the match 
with which we are so familiar. 

After the invention of the easily 
lighted phosphorus match there was 
no longer use for the dip-splint or 
the strike-a-light. The old methods 
of getting a blaze were gradually laid 
aside and forgotten. The first phos- 
phorus matches were sold at twenty' 
five cents a block — a block contain- 
ing a hundred and forty-four matches 
— and they were used by but few. 
Now a hundred matches can be 
bought for a cent. It is said that in 
the United States we use about 150 
000,000,000 matches a year. This, on 
an average, is about five matches a 
day for every person. 


The usual size of the shell of an 
oyster is three to five inches, but 
away back in Tertiary times there 
were oysters in California that had 
shells thirteen inches long and seven 
or eight inches wide. The animal and 
shell doubtless weighed fifteen or 
twenty pounds, since the shells were 
five inches thick. These oysters have 
long been extinct, but their fossil 
shells are abundant. If the oyster- 
farmer could produce individuals of 
such enormous size now, and the 
flavor were good in proportion to its 
size, we would be most fortunate. In 
that case a single oyster would be 
enough for one stew at the church 

Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 13, '05. 
I consider the Southern Planter the 
best agricultural paper published and 
I enloy reading it, as it is good, 
sound sense, and that is what the 
farmer wants. J. W. DOUGLASS. 


A Complete Natural Manure. 

We have imported during the 1904-1905 fertilizer season over 30,000 tons 
of this splendid natural manure, a large part of which was sold in the South- 
ern States. 

PERUVIAN GUANO is a natural manure, free from all chemical treat- 
ment, and not only contains a high percentage of plant food in the choicest 
forms, tut a larger quantity of organic matter which improves the condition 
of your land. 

We are importing this Guano from two deposits at Lobos de Tierra. 
That from the older of the deposits contains a high percentage of phosphoric 
acid, while the Guano from the more recent deposits runs high in ammonia. 

The following analyses represent about the average from these two de- 
posits : 
Cargo Ex. S. S. Coya. Cargo Ex S. S. Cella 

9.30% Ammonia 3.55% 

2.28% Potash 4.30% 

9.50% Phosphoric Acid 22.40% 

28.02% Organic Matter 14.36% 

PERUVIAN GUANO, being a natural product, every cargo from the same 
deposit varies slightly, but the above analyses represent average cargoes. 
We shall be glad to supply exact guaranteed analysis of each cargo and to 
refer buyers to our nearest agent, or, If we have no agent in their locality, 
quote them prices f. o. b. at their nearest shipping point. 

We have just gotten out a 76-page book on the 
"home mixing" of fertilizers, entitled PLANT 

This book contains full information in regard to the various materials 
used as fertilizers; gives the formulas best suited to different crops and tells 
the farmer how he can buy the raw materials and mix his fertilizers at home, 
thereby saving at least five dollars a ton. 

A request by postal addressed to our Charleston office will place this 
book in your hands. 

Peruvian Guano a Superior Base for Home Mixtures. 

Peruvian Guano is a material that commends itself strongly as the best 
possible base for home mixtures. By its use, the necessity for using a large 
number of materials in compounding is entirely done away with. Such ma- 
terials as ground bone, tankage, dry ground fish, dried blood, sulphate of 
ammonia, etc., are not needed since the Peruvian Guano supplies all the 
plant food elements furnished by these materials, in choicest forms, and 
already intimately mixed and combined by natural processes. 

Fertilizer Materials for Home Mixing. 

In afldttlon to Peruvian Guano we import the following materials which we .lell in 
oriKin»l bugs, under guarantee'i analyses, and ship directly from the vessel on which Ihey 
arrive, thereby being •ble to quote the csnsumer practically the .same price the fertilizer 
manufacturer has to pay. 

Nitrate of Soda, Nitrate of Potash, Sulphate of Potash, 

Muriate of Potash, Kainit, Basic Slag. 

Trusting that you will decide to at least give PERUVIAN GUANO a 
trial and Inquire our prices on other fertilizer materials before placing your 
order, we are, respectfully yours, 







A friend asked me some time ago, 
"Why don't you tell the people how 
good carrots are?" He had been 
travelling in the South and had been 
introduced to them for the first time 
on the steamer table. So now I have 
concluded to "tell the people." I sup- 
pose they are raised in small quanti- 
ties in almost every garden, for soup 
and for ornament, and stockmen have 
them in large quantities. Well 
cooked and seasoned they are among 
the best of the winter vegetables and 
there are several ways to serve them. 
Scrape the roots and cut them into 
small squares or slices, let them cook 
until they are tender; it takes about 
two hours; then take them oft and 
drain the water off and add a cup 
of milk, a lump of butter, and a table- 
spoon of flour mixed with a little 
cold milk; pepper and salt. Let 
them boil up once and serve hot. The 
Creoles use the carrot as a blood 
purifier, and say there is no greater 
beautifier of the complexion. They 
make a strong tea and drink it sev- 
eral times a day. 


This is another vegetable which is 
hardly known among our housekeep- 
ers, and is only planted for the pigs 
to root, while as a matter of fact it 
is fully as delicate and toothsome as 
the potato and the salsify. You can 
begin to use them in November. 
Scrape the roots and drop them into 
cold water for a while, then put them 
into a saucepan with plenty of water 
and parboil them for twenty-five min- 
utes. Take them out and pour milk 
enough to cover over them, season 
with salt and a little black pepper, 
let them boil for a while longer and 
add butter and a spoon of flour; serve 
very hot. 

Stuffed Steak. 

Take three pieces of round steak 
about the same size, lay one of them 
in the bottom of a baking pan and 
make a stufling of bread crumbs, 
seasoned with salt, pepper, a little 
hit of onion and a pinch of cayenne, 
some butter, and enough stock, or 
water, to dampen the mass. Spread 
this dressing over the layer of steak 
and put the next piece on top, then 
another layer of dressing and the 
last piece of steak, with a thin layer 
of the dressing over it. Pin the 
pieces together securely, with skew- 
ers, or you may tie it with cord, and 
put a pint of hot water over it. eLt 
It hake slowly for two hours and If 
the top scorches, put a buttered 
paper over it or turn a pie plate 
over it to keep from burning. Baste 
several times. This is a nice way to 
treat tough steak. 

Sally L unn. 

I have been told that this is a bread 
peculiar to Virginia homes. To my 
mind, it is one of the best of the many 
good things we have, and it is a simple 
process to make it. Take two quarts 
of flour and five eggs, beat the eggs 


Voor Yields 

Per Acre 

The BEST of everything 

and the greatest quantities of every growing thing can be readily 
produced witd the liberal use of Virginia-Carolina fertilizers, 
logother with careful cultivation. The material? of which they are 
made, cau;e them to enrich the land, and the plants to come up 
rapidly and more proUflo. Use 

Virginia-Carolina Fertilizers 

on your fruits and fruit-trees of all kinds, com. wheat and all 
ti-ucUa. For, at harvest time, you will have the largest (for 
these will "increase your yields per acre") and finest crop* you 
ever raised in all yourfarmlile. Don't buy theinferiorsubsti- 
tute that any fertilizer agent may try to persuade you to put 
on your land. 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co. , 

Eichmond, Va. Atlanta, Ga. 

Norfolk, Va. Savannah, Oa. 

Durham, N. C. Montgomery, Ala. 

Charleston, S. C_ Memphis. Tenn. 

Baltimore, Md. Bhreveport, La. 


W. A. Miller & Son, 

1016 Main St. Lynchburg, Wa. 



SEEDS. We sell every kisd oj seed f»r 
field and gardea of beet quality, and as lew 
as same qualities can be bought In any mar- 

FERTILIZERS. We sell FertUlien for 
every crop, under our own brands. All wh» 
have used our High Qrade Tobacco Ouano, 
Corn Grower, Wheat and Grass FertUlier*. 
Pure Raw Bone, and High Grade Add Phoa- 
phate, analyzing from U to 16 per cent., pro- 
nounce them the beet they have used. 

WOOL. We buy all the year round, aal 

Parties wishing to purchase will And It to 
their interest to see us before buying. 



$5 to $25 per Acre. 


Mild Climate; Elegant Water; Send for Free Catalogue. 





■without separating them, add two 
tablespoons of sugar, salt and a cup 
of butter and lard mixed, a cup of 
yeast and nearly a quart of milk. 
Set it to rise over night, or in the 
morning if you want it for supper. 
When it is well risen, beat it down 
and put it into the large cake mould 
or light bread pan. Let is rise nearly 
to the top and bake quickly. Serve 
very hot. 

Buckwheat Cakes. 
One quart of buckwheat flour; one 
pint of corn meal; one half teacup 
•of yeast; salt. Make up with enough 
water for a stiff batter and beat hard 
for five minutes. In the morning, 
when it is well risen, add a large 
spoon of butter or lard and a pinch 
of soda, and thin the batter with 
some milk. Beat hard and let It 
stand for a while. Fry on a hot 
griddle and serve at once with syrup. 
Of course maple syrup is the best, 
but you can make a very good imita- 
tion by boiling six pounds of sugar 
with one gallon of water until it Is 
thick, and seasoning it with the in- 
side (yellow) bark of the hickory 
tree. Put the bark in when you put 
the sugar on. I have used this a great 
deal and few people could tell that 
it was not maple syrup. A friend told 
me that she used corn cobs with the 
same result, but I have not tried 

White Cake. 
When eggs are scarce you can save 
the whites from the salad dressing, 
the cornbread, and various other 
dishes, making the cost of the cake 
almost nothing. The whites of eight 
eggs beaten very light; one cup of 
butter creamed with two cups of 
sugar; three cups of flour, sifted with 
a half teaspoon of soda and one tea- 
spoon of cream tartar; one half cup 
of sweet milk. Mix all the ingredients 
and add the whites last. Season with 
bitter almond; bake in layers, and 
spread icing between. 
Currant Cake. 
One cup of butter, creamed light; 
two cups of sugar; four cups of flour; 
one teaspoon of soda and two of cream 
tartar, sifted in the flour; half cup 
of sweet milk; season with nutmeg; 
one pound of currants rolled in the 
flour; add the currants after the 
cake Is made and ready for the pan. 
Custard Cake. 
Seven eggs, leave out the yolks of 
four; three cups of flour; half cup of 
butter, creamed with two cups of 
sugar; one cup of milk; one teaspoon 
of soda and two of cream of tartar, 
sifted with the flour; bake in layers. 
For the custard, take the four yolks, 
three cups of milk and three table- 
spoons of corn starch; scald the milk 
and add the yolks, beaten very light. 

Two Highest Awards at St. Louis Exposition: Gold Medal for 
Seed and another Gold Medal for Vegetables. 

Noroton Beauty 



the 105th successive an- 
nual edition — contains 
as haretofore, a more 
complete assortment of 
high class Si-eds, etc., 
and fuller cultural di- 
rections than any other 
seed annual publi^hed. 
It is beautifully illus. 
trated with the finest 
half tones, and con- 
tains 144 pages, and is 
in every respect and 
without exception the 
mo'.t complete, most 
reliable and the most 
beautiful of American 
Garden Annuals. 

We mail it free to all 
interested in gardening 
and farming. Send for 

J. M.Thorburn&Co. 

36 Cortland St., 

Over one hundred years 
in business In New York 

This wonderful potato, introduced by us for 
the first time, last season, has borne out all 
claims we made for it. It has been univer. 
sally praised and we expect a much greater 
demand for it this season. We offer it now at 
quite moderate prices. Send your orders in 


• 44 pages 9x 12 inches; 22 pages showing in natural colors 

i varieties of Fruit, with concise description and season of ripen- 
' each; 64 half-tone views of Nurseries, Orchards, Packing Houses, etc. 
(CtS. for book (post-paid) and Rebate Ticket permitting return of 
.-. -jil within 60 days and we refund the 50^. Or, mail us within I year, 
Rebate Ticket with $12 order for nursery stock and we will credit $1.00 in part 
'payment on your order and you keep the book free. WE PAY THE FREIGHT. 
T|T Ort-wT /^rt,^, I, weekly and want more home and traveling salesmen. Outfit 
M/ 6 ray IjaSJl free.— stark Bro's, LOUISIANA, Mo., Atlantic, Iowa, Fayettevllle, Ark. 



two-cylinder gasoline engine superior to 

> CO., MfVit., Meaicbe 




with the corn starch dissolved In a 
little cold milk; sweeten to taste and 
season with vanilla. When it is cold, 
spread it between the layers. 


I. S. Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. Annual re- 
port of the Secretary of Agricul- 
ture, 1905. 

This is one of the most interesting 
reports ever issued by any Secre- 
tary of Agriculture and ought to 
be in the hands of every farmer. 
It comments on the marvellous 
prosperity of American farmers, 
showing the production of crops 
of unprecedented quantity and 
selling for prices returning good 
money to the producer. The Se- 
cretary says: "The wealth pro- 
duced on farms in 1905 has 
reached the highest amount ever 
obtained by the farmers of this or 
any other country, a stupendous 
aggregate of results of brain, mus- 
cle and machine amounting in val- 
ue to $6, 415,000,000. Much of 
this enormous wealth is no doubt 
to be attributed to the fact that 
the farmers of this country have 
learnt to appreciate the value of 
the information supplied to them 
by the Department of Agriculture 
and the Experiment Stations of 
this country. Farmers should see 
to it that this Department and the 
Experiment Stations have the lib- 
eral support of Congress in the 
way of appropriations to carry on 
the work. Farmers are the great- 
est tax-payers and have the clear- 
est right to have their special De- 
partments liberally supported. 
The present Secretary of Agricul- 
ture has done more for them than 
any other Secretary and ought to 
have their support. 

Forest Service. Bull. 62. Grazing 
On the public lands. 

Division of Publications. Circular 
No. 1. Organization of Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, 1905-1906. 

Bureau of Soils. Bull. :;o. The min. 
eral constituents of the soil solu- 

Farmers' Bulletin, No. 235. Ce- 
ment mortar and concrete — prep- 
aration and use for farm purpos- 

S. Department of the Interior. U. 
S. Geological Survey. 

Underground waters of Salt River 
Valley, Arizona. 
Maryland Experiment Station, College 
Park, Md. Bull. 105. Fumigat- 
ing Nursery Stock. 
Nebraska Experiment Station, Lin- 
coln, Neb. Bull. 91. Experiment 
with corn. 
Indiana Experiment Station, Purdue 
University, Lafayette, Ind. Bull. 
109. Examination of horses for 
Pennsylvania Experiment Station, 
State College, Pa. Bull. 73. Dis- 
tillers Dried Grains vs. Cotton 


Fruit Trees Tic 

Why pay two prices for all kinds of nursery 
stock to cover agents' proCis and bad debts, when 
TTc, hy employing no agents anrl makini; no bad 
.1 , l',ts — selling iorcasli direct to the people at lowest 
V .lolesale rates — will save you hall'. Twenty- 
one years experience. 1,000,000 high class fnat 
treei, 50.000.000 strawberry plants. Special 
bargains in peach trees. Safe and cheap delivery 
anywhere in U. S. Catalogue free. Valuable 
book on fruit growing free to buyers. 

Strawberry Plants 

SI .25 per 1000 

Write to-day for catalogue. Mention this peper. Addi«s» 


Headquarters for 
Nursery Stock. 




We make a specialty of handling dealers' orders. 

Apples, Nectarines, Pecans, 

Pears, Cherry, Chestnuts, 

Peach, Quinces, Walnsts, 

Plum, Almonds, tmall Fruits, 



Ornamental and 
Shade Trees, 
Roses, Etc 


Baltimore, Md. 


— WK ABx oaowisa Am oinm a mfi ASSoincxHT or — 
•B extra fine lot Raspberriea. Splendid aasortment OKNAMKNTAL aai 

EOOS from B. P. ROCK and BROWN LEGHORN FOWLS at $1.M p« 
IS. Alao a few pnlleta aad cockerels of theae breeda at fl.N aack far Is- 
madlaU dellrery. Write for Catalom* to 





Seed Meal as a source of protein. 
Virginia Department of Agriculture 

and Immigration, Richmond, Va. 

Farmers' Bull. No. 5. Poultry 

Raising in Virginia. 
Virginia Weather Service, Richmond, 

Va. Report for November, 1905. 
Tennessee Experiment Station, Knox- 

ville, Tenn. Bull. Vol. XVUI, No. 

2. Small fruits and grapes. 
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 

Tenn. Courses in Agriculture 

and Domestic Science at the Uni- 
Imperial Agricultural Department for 

the West Indies, Barbados, W. I. 

West Indian Bulletin Vol. VI. No. 



With the arrival of the New Year, 
we find ourselves pondering over the 
events of the year just ended. Its 
joys, its sorrows, its gains, it losses. 
Our aims, our aspirations have either 
been disappointing or encouraging. 
We are either glad or sad that life 
has been to us what it has been. 
When we scan the imma(ailate page 
of this New Year we find ourselves 
thinking of its many possibilities. 
What shall it record for us? How 
much of good or bad? Some one has 
said this life is what we make it, 
and in a great degree this is true. 
We cannot hope to enrich the gar- 
dens of life unless we sow therein the 
perennial flowers of love and hope. 
We know we must reap that which 
we sow. Our lives must be lived by 
the minute, by the hour, by the day, 
giving to each appointed time only 
what will last and grow to all eterni- 
ty. I have always thought it a glori- 
ous privilege to live so entirely in ig- 
norance of the future, for after all, 
what does to-morrow matter if we 
live to-day as we should? When to- 
morrow comes it is only another day, 
and if upon its pages another day's 
duties are recorded as faithfully done, 
isn't that just another link in the 
chain that draws us heavenward? 

With the dawn of the New Year 
comes new aspirations to the most of 
us. What we have lacked most In 
the year just closed, we must with 
doubled effort seek now. In each 
character there is some flaw, either 
great or small. Selfishness is one of 
our greatest sins, and the hardest to 
overcome. We find self cropping out 
In almost every transaction of life, 
and when we do good to our neigh- 
bors, it is often from some selfish mo- 
tive, that we have hardly been aware 
of. To do away with the little sins 
and struggle against the selfish aims 
of life should be a great effort with 
us this New Year. There is no great- 
er reward than the approval of one's 
own conscience, and however wrong 
our thoughts and actions we know 
that they are so, and it is our duty to 
correct them and offer only that which 
Is best to the Maker of all that is pure 
and good In this world. What does It 
matter whether we have gained great 




Has saved hundreds of orchards by killing the diead«d scale. Write at once for special 
clrrular. Used and endorsed by State Experiment Stations. Easy to apply, economical and 
wonderfully effective. Dilutes one gallon to twenty gallons of water. Per gallon, $1.50; 
five and ten fallen cans, S1.25 per gallon; half barrels, 81 00 per gallon. Write for circular K. 

The Nitrogen Fixing Baeteria for Inocu 
latlng Clovers, Peas. Beans. hut up in 
simple form so that anyone can use it with 
splendid rfsults. Promotes gr..wih, improves 
,ii for next crop. Send for special circular. Garden package, 26c; acre $1.50; five acres 
00, postpaid 




«.» tkiju i-cij jdiiuu cttua, *i.iu per gmiou; unii i 

Early Crops Mean Big Prices 

The sooner your early vegetables are on the market, the higher the prices they com- 
mand. You know this and you know also that our 

Hardy Northern Grown Seeds ^rTs/^C^nrThrffirth'^rtiJ^o^Tn'^ 


season is shorter, plants grow quicker and mature sooner. This makes them strong and 
sturdy. Their vitality is greater. Their seeds sprout very quickly, grow very rapidly 
and mature in the shortest possible time. This means early croT s. Early crops mean 
first markets, and fiist markets mean fancy prices. Try it yourself and see. 

We prow all the popular varieties, but Our Extra Early Petos- 
key is the fastest grower— the quickest to mature— the biggest 
producer. You can get them on the market from two to three weeks ahead of all other 
vail' ties. And the potatoes are big, tempting beauties— snow white, mealy and delicious 

FOR 25 CENTS (stamps or coin) we will send you a big Petoskey Potato and our 
complete catalogue of Hardy Northern Qrown Seeds. Catalogue alone FPEB Write 
todny and get your seed in the ground early. You won't be sorry. Remember you can 
prove all we ssy it you act promptly and send at once. 

DARLING A, BEAHAN, 302 IVIichigan St. Petoskey. Mich. 


W. T. HOOD & CO., 



Wholesale and Retail Growers of 

High Grade Nursery Stock 

Descriptive catalogue and price list on 

Office: Ghamberlayne & Rennie Ave. Nurseries: Henrico & Hanover Counties. 



Merchants National Bank, 


CaplUl, $200,000.00. 

Surpluc and Undividad Profits. - ■ $720,000. 

Dvpaaltary of th* Unltad Statsa. Stat* of VirtfinU. CitT- of RloKmona. 

Being the largest depository for banks between Baltimore and New Orleana, 
we ofier tuperior facilities for direct and qnick collections. Accoanta solicited. 


AHlitaat Caibltri : J. B. PKRDUE, TUOS. B. McADAMS, 0X0. B. EXX«XX. 

Thr«« Par Cant. Interest AlUwad In Savings Departmsnt. 




riches in this life so that our lives 
are iilled with pure thoughts and kind 
deeds. "We pass this way but once." 
God help us to begin this New Year 
with high resolves and noble aspira- 
tions. May we live exemplifying what 
is best and purest in life, making each 
New Year better than the last. 



By Fred Kelsey, Publisher of the Uni- 
versity of Missouri. 

The other day I advised a well-to- 
do farmer to send his son to an Agri- 
cultural College. "If I wanted to be 
sure he would never amount to any- 
thing as a farmer, I would do so," 
was the reply. There are a great 
many people who believe just as this 
man does that education leads away 
from agricultural pursuits. I remem- 
ber quite well when I was a Missouri 
farmer boy, my father used to damp- 
en my ardor for an agricultural col- 
lege education by telling me of a 
schoolmate of his who went off to 
college, married a college girl and 
then came back to live with his par- 
ents on the farm. "And he never did 
any good," the old gentleman would 
conclude, "and finally got away with 
most of his father's property." 

Since then I have been six years in 
close connection with the Missouri 
Agricultural College, first as a stu- 
dent, and I have learned this: 

In the first place, the men who do 
the teaching are not, as father sup- 
posed, ignorant of the practical prob- 
lems of farm life. The teachers of 
horticulture have their own fruit 
farms in the Missouri River hills; the 
teacher of animal husbandry is actual- 
ly engaged in feeding operations upon 
his own farm; the teacher of dairy 
husbandry has been manager of a pri- 
vate creamery. And so it goes. 
Throughout the entire faculty one 
cannot find a man who has not had 
actual experience on an average farm. 

In the second place, teaching is not 
confined to book mastery. Books are 
used only as supplementary to the 
more practical laboratory method. 
Two principles are at the basis of the 
arrangement and execution of the 
courses: (1), Give the boy what he 
will need when he goes back to the 
farm, and, (2), let him learn it by do- 
ing it. For example, students are re- 
quired to spend three afternoons each 
week in the dairy building, making 
cheese and butter; three at work in 
the blacksmith and carpenter shop, 
so the practical is emphasized in all 
the courses. 

It will thus be seen that this edu- 
cation means something quite differ- 
ent to a boy from what old education 
meant. It leads him to and not tar 
from the farm. 

H. J. Waters, Dean Of the State 
Agricultural College, himself from a 
Missouri farm, gives this advice con- 

^ming the education of farmer boys: 
■''he experience a- young man gains 

30 Days 
To Try 

Easy Terms 
To Buy 


We Will let You Use an 
American Manure Spreader 


It's iust like this manufacturer. Our ample capital enables ns 

You' need an American Manure '° ^HVe^eU^^recrtlTou b^eck'Sse we want 

Spreader. to keep in close touch with users of our 

It will double the value of every Spreaders. . . „ 

. -. , . i„„y This way we get a chance to tell you 

bit o£ manure you put on your land. ^^^ j^ ^^^ ^^^^ j^ ^^^^ advantage and why 

It will pulverize and break it up, our way will give best results 

so it will mix with the soil easily. We will tell you all about Manure 

Ar,,1 it will Hicfrihutp pvpnK- <;r. Spreaders, and how to spread manure, so 

And It will aistriDute e\eni>, so ^^^^ ^^^ ^^j^ ^^ a^,,e ^g ^^j^^^ a sj^e best 

ever}' square foot of land will get its suited to your needs— and you have our 5 
share sizes and 9 styles to select from. 

™', ., „ „„ ,„„ „;,, <;_j When you buy from us you get just 

The other reasons yon will find the kind you should have to do your work 
out yourself just as soon as you try best 
the Spreader. 

And we will let you try it for 30 
days at our expense. 

We send you the Spreader and prepay 
the freight. You use it a month. Before 
the 30 days are up, you will wonder how you 
ever got on without it. 

The Spreader will practically earn its 
own cost before you send us a cent. 

We give you a liberal allowance of time 
in which to pay for it. 

And if you shouldn't find it exactly as 
represented, you send it back at our expense, 
and the trial costs you not a shilling. 

We can afford to make you this off^r 
because we know that our .\merican Spread- 
ers are well made, on correct principles, and 
that they will stand the Test. 

They represent twenty-five years study 
and e-Kperience. Their good points are the 
result of our knowledge of ticld needs. We 
have developed them along practical lines. 

American Spreaders are carefully and 
sensibly constructed, and they show it. 

We own and operate the largest Manure 
Spreader plant in the World. We turn out 
more machines every year than any other 

American Harrow Co., 6?28 Hastings St.. Detroit, Mich. 

We don*t belong to any trust. 

We are an independent concern. 

Write today for our FBKE catalog. 
Tell us how much land you own. how many 
horses you keep and how many head of 
cattle, sheep and hogrs you have, and we will 
give you the Government statistics as to the 
annual value of your manure crop. 

We will also send you a little booklet 
telling all about "Our New Selling Plan." 

It will interest you and save you money. 

Ask at once. You will be glad if you do. 

Nanticoke, Pa.. Dec. 12. 1905 
American Harrow Co.. Detroit. Mich. 

Dear Sirs:— Enclosed you will find notee. 
duly signed, for spreader. ^ ^. , 

I am very pleased with the constmction or 
the American 'Spreader, a'.l its parts seem to bo 
made for long service. The work it performs in 
three minutes is better than I have been able to 
do with the fork in 25 toSOmmutes and I antici- 
pate its results to be far ahead of anything I hare 
had in the past, especially on the hay-fields. 

to smother the e 

each email particli 

lailest toft of grass. Yonr ooor- 
nd prompt shipment of machine 
[eaves nothing to be desired and I have no heaita- 
tioa in saying I urn a wellpitisfieH easterner. 

VviLlOAM. J. HILL. Nanticoke. Pa. 

Money Back if Not the Best 

LET US SHIP YOU A "SURE HATCH" TO TRY at our expense for f reight.with 
the positive afjreement on our part that if it doesn't pay its cost with 
one hatch you can send it back at our expense and get your money 
—with the positive agfreement that it must out-hatch 
any other make of Incubator, or your money back. 

How long could we stay in business if "Sure 
Hatches," sold on these liberal terms, and with a 
five-year guarantee, failed to work to the satisfac- 
tion of the purchaser? Well, in eight years we 
have sold nearly 60.000 machines on these terms, 
and our business is booming all the time. 

There's Money in the Poultry Business 
If you use the Sure Hatch Incubator and follow the 
plain, practical directions of the Sure Hatch Poultry ^f anual. 

The prices of Sure Hatch Incubators are S7.50 and up. depending on the size. We 
pay all freight to your railroad station, no matter where you live. And we pay the 
freight back if after 6 weeks. 6 months or 6 years trial it fails to do the work. No 
other Incubator Company in the world dares to make such a long-time guarantee. 

Drop us a line today and get the Free Catalogue and Poultry ManuaL Just a 
postal card will bring it by return mail. Address either office. 

Box 381 Clay Center, Neb. Dept. 27, IndianepolU, lod. 

When o*rrMp«»dlnc with ovr adrertliw* alwaya maBtion SoTrni^ui PiXMnm 




on the farm is a most valuable asset. 
He should not throw It away by enter- 
ing some other profession In which 
this experience is of no special value. 
This is particularly true when we con- 
sider the extent to which most of the 
professions are crowded and the un- 
usual opportunities now offered in 
agriculture. Every farm boy In 
Missouri should supplement this ex- 
perience by training in a College ot 
Agriculture, so as to be prepared for 
the greatest possible success." 


Take care of your face. Personal 
appearance makes a big difference in 
your chance for success. It is not ne- 
cessary to be handsome, but nobody 
likes to look at a face that is irritated 
and broken out. There would be less 
face trouble if every ehaver would use 
real shaving soap, made especially for 
this purpose, instead of laundry or 
toilet soaps. The J. B. Williams Co., 
Glastonbury, Conn., make the "only 
soap fit for the face." In another col- 
umn they offer to send a free trial 
sample of Williams' Shaving Soap. 

Gravel Knoll Farm, 
Chesterfield Co., Va., Dec. 18, 1905. 
Editor Southern Planter: 

Having been a reader of the South- 
ern Planter tor over a year, and find- 
ing it to be the best agricultural 
paper I ever read or subscribed tor, 
I decided some time ago to write you 
my unsolicited testimonial. Have 
read a good many different farm 
papers for the last fifteen years, but 
found none so full of practical and 
correct information for the farmers, 
especially for the Southern one, as the 
Southern Planter. I do not think 
any farmer could go amiss if he would 
carry out your teaching to the letter. 

The Southern Planter ought to be 
advertised extensively in other lead- 
ing farm papers so as to reach the 
western and northern farmer, of 
whom there are thousands who would 
come to Old Virginia if they only 
knew of the agricultural possibilities 
of this state. And how can they 
learn ■ better than by reading the 
Southern Planter? 

Wishing you a Merry Christmas 
and a Happy New Year, I am, 
Yours sincerely, 

Warwick Co., Va., Nov. 18, 1905. 
We derive a great deal of informa- 
tion from the Southern Planter, and 
wish every man interested in the 
farm could have a copy always be- 
fore him. 


Henrico Co., Va., Dec. 18, 1905. 
I certainly have profited by reading 
The Southern Planter and only wish 
I had followed its directions more 
closely; I would be dollars better oft 
to-day. J. B. HAWKINS. 


A good example of the remarkable service given bjr 

Keen Kutter Tools isshown in the Keen Kutter Hand 

Saw illustrated here. This saw was used for twelve 

years by a carpenter, who pronounced it the best saw he 

had ever used in thirty years experience, and as perfectly 

satisfactory in every respect. 

And every other tool in the Keen Kutter line is as 
good a tool of its kind as Keen Kutter Hand Savn 
The long life of tools bearing the 


trade mark is not chance or accident. It is due to the fact 
that nothing is spared to make Keen Kutter Tools tlie best 
that brains, money and skill can produce. 

The Keen Kutter Line has been Standard of America 
for }6 years and leas alvarded the Grand Trize at the 
World's Tair, St. Louis, being the only complete line of tools 
eber to receibe a relvard at a great exposition. 

Think what it means to you to be able to buy the best tools 
that are made, of every kind, simply by remembering the one 
name — Keen Kutter. 

Following are some of the varlons kinds of Keen Kutter Tools: Axes, 

Adzea, Hammers, Hatchets, Chisels, Screw Drivers, Auger Bits, 

Files, Planes, Draw Knives, Saws, Tool Cabinets, Scythes, Hay 

Knives. Grass Hooks, Brush Hooks, Corn Knives, Eve Hoes, 

Trowels, Pruning Shears, Tinners' Snips, Scissors, Shears, Hair 

Clippers, Horse Shears, Razors, etc., and Knives of all kinds. 

If your dealer dooa not keep Keen Kntfer Tools, write ns and 

we Will see tliat you are BuppUed. 

EveryKeen Kutter Tool is gold under 
thlsAlarkand A] otto: 

' The 'RecolUciion of Quality Remains 
Long After the Trice is lorgollen." 

Trade Mark Kegistcred. 


. Louis, U. S. A., 298 Broadway. New YorK 

ndfor Tool Booklet. 

"Paints that stay Painted." 

PAINT is what you need. Do you know that 

PAINT will preserve and improve your property? 

PAINT will give your property a prosperous appearance. 

PAINT will increase the value of your farm. We have 

PAINT on hand for everything — 

PAINT for roofs and barns. Lythite Cold Water 

PAINT. Carriage and wagon paint Our '-Standard" house 

PAINT is ready-mixed, and for the money no 

PAINT can surpass it. Write us for 

PAINT prices and color cards. 


Richmond, Va. 





Id this list will be found prices od 
papers, magazines and periodicals 
which are most called for by our read- 
ers. We have club rates with nearly 
all reputable publications, and will 
ittote them on request: 


▲lone. 8. P 
Tlmes-Dlspatch, Richmond, 

Va $6 09 16 00 

Tlmee-Dlspatcb ( without 

Sunday) 4 00 4 00 

News-Leader, Richmond, 

Va 3 09 8 00 

The Post, Washington, D. C. S 04 « 00 
The Sun. Baltimore, Md... 3 00 8 40 


Tbe World, New York 1 Ot 1 26 

Tlmes-Dlspatch, Rl(!hmond, 

Va 1 0« 1 26 

OiBtral PreabyterUn, Rich- 
mond, Va 2 •• I 16 

BallKlouB Herald, Rich- 
mond, Va 1 It 2 26 

■•Dthern Churchman, Rich- 
mond, Va J 00 2 25 

Harper's Weekly 4 00 4 00 

Bnaders' Oasetto 2 00 1 10 

Owutry Oentleman 1 60 1 75 

Beard's Dairyman 1 00 1 80 

Harseman 8 00 3 00 


KUnball's Dairy Parmer. . . 1 00 75 


T*e Century 4 00 4 25 

■t Nicholas 8 00 8 26 

Llpplncott's 2 60 8 60 

Harper's Mag:azlne 4 00 4 00 

Harper's Bazaar 1 00 1 40 

Berlbner's 8 00 8 25 

American 1 00 1 35 

Cosmopolitan 1 00 1 86 

Brerybody'a 150 175 

MsBsey 1 00 1 36 

The Strand 1 00 1 36 

Madame 160 100 

Affosy 1 00 1 86 

ReTlew of Reviews 3 00 3 00 

Field and Stream 1 50 1 60 

Woman's Home Companion 1 00 1 26 

Reliable Poultry Journal. . 60 75 

ladustrlouB Hen 60 70 

Poultry Success 1 06 75 

Blooded Stock 50 66 

B uee e as ful Farmlnc 1 00 <0 

Soathem Ftalt Drawer ... 60 86 

Shepherd's Criterion M 76 

Commercial Poultry 60 76 

When two or more publications are 
wanted, the prlee for them can be 
found by deduetlna 66 oenta from 
"prlee with Southern PUater." 

We eaaaot under any elreamstanoas 
furnish sample copies of other pubC- 

Ws will eheertnlly qaots ear bast 
tIss on any list of pnbltaatla«i anb- 

M«4 to m 


(Qfile FilciioD M 

RatcQetSet Woika, Quick R*. 

oeder, Duplex Dogi, Strong 

Accurate and Reliable' 

Beat Material and w 

With 4 H. P steam •rOutiiot eaglne Qutranteed to Cut 2.000 Ft. Psr Day 
$150 Isys II ea cars at lactery, Prtlfbls Very Lew. 

Seven other sizes Hade. Also Edgers, Trimmers, Sblnde Macblnei, Lath Mill* Rip and 
Uut-OffSawe, Drag Bam, Cord Wood 8awi and Feed Mllli. Catalogue Beat Free. 
On January 31, 1905, W. H. Greenwood, or Bennington Vt., said: "I am using your No. 
3 Saw Mill wltb a 15 H. P. Engine and average 8,000 feet per day. I am very much pleased 
with your machinery. ' 

AMERICAN SAW MILL MACHINERY CO,, 137 Hops St., Hacktitstown N. J. N. Y., Offlos 

636 Englnsering BId'g. Auenti In Richmond, Norfolk. Lynchburg and Wytheyllle, Va. 
THEWATT PLOW CO., General Ag.nts, Richmond, Virginia. 


Seed Drills and Wheel Hoes combined. Single Wheel Hoes, Donbk 
Wheel Hoes, Cultivators, Horse Hoes, Sulky Cultivators. 

Planet Jr." No. 8 Horse Hoe & Cultivator 

here illustrated. Is the moat complete ofits kind ever 
offered to the farmer. It is stronger in design and 
construction. The amount of work and variety of 
tises to which it may be adapted will only be appre- 
ciated and realized after using one for a season. 

DESCRIPTION— Frame— Extra long and high- 
hard to bend and slow to clog. 

Shanks— Hollow steel and clamping both 

sides of frame, strengthening each. 
Depth— Regulated by w hrel and runner, 
' tly adjusted by lever. 

Expansion — By lever from 

9 to 25 Inches. 
SIdeHoes— Arefortaking 
from and putting to the 
crop. Set at all angles 
and are reversible. 
Can tc removed and 
amall steels put on. 

"Plaoet Jr." Catalog:ue — Postage free to anyone, also onrown fflns- 
trated catalogue. Trade discount to dealers on all Planet Jr. goods. 


Norfolk Farm Supply Co. 


Address Care Dept. No. 6. 

41-51 Union 5t., Norfolk, Va. 

Farquhar Pea Huller 

Ktptt f ftrmcr who mlses ppas and b**n8, no matter how imall the qnaDtlty, 
oefdBa Kanjtiliar Tea lluUt-r. It will pay for itaeir in one seuson. 

without trt'iiklnu or rnvrklnp tliem. Siniplp ftn<l ensy to o]»eratp, fan be 
by hanllol■lt^:ht^»ow<•^. Itl« inmle solkij Blauni-h and Btronn, beat 

_. _i'd tbroiiKli 

Hend for t-irciilars witti full parti<-iili 

chlocalltjr. AlBowrltefoi 

llniBhed and painted. 


cat&lopnif of EnRlnfl. Holl- 

■8, Saw Mills, Tlircbhers, (iraln Urllls and other a^icultoral UupleoieDta. 
A. B. FARQUHAR CO. (Limited), YORK, PA 




Editor Southern Planter: 

The first occupations of man in try- 
ing to sustain life were probably hunt- 
ing, fishing, and gathering the fruits 
and nuts and vegetables that grew in 
the woods and fields about him. These 
three occupations are still the chief 
ones of the human family to-day, and 
doubtless will remain so, modified, of 
course, to meet changing conditions. 
Hunters long ago found it of advan- 
tage to domesticate some species ot 
animals, so that when in need of meat 
they could obtain it with less trouble 
and loss of time. Leaving out the 
excitement of the chase, our modern 
stock raising industry is merely the 
original hunt brought up to date and 
delivered at our door. 

So, too, are the great fiisheries of 
the world that help to sustain the lives 
of the people, merely an outgrowth, 
an enlargement on the search of 
primitive man along the creeks and 
shoals for clams, oysters and what- 
ever fish he could surprise and take 
from their hiding places with his un- 
aided hands. 

And our farming, as carried on to- 
day, is still an effort to get fruits and 
vegetables to supply our needs, but it 
is an effort put forth in a more mod- 
em, progressive and satisfactory way. 
Nature, in producing a plant, does 
not consider the wants of other life, 
but strives, by natural selection, and 
adaptation, to protect this plant from 
all enemies, diseases and adverse in- 
fluences, to make it suited to its en- 
vironments, strong and healthy, that 
it may store up within its seed pods 
an abundance of nutrition in a con- 
densed and available form, that it may 
reproduce its kind and start its off- 
spring well in life. The object is to 
help itself, but the same nutritive ele- 
ments condensed in the seed and other 
parts of many plants, for their own 
use, are just those required for the 
nourishing of man; and the fibers, 
caseings and chemicals, manufactured 
for its own protection or convenience, 
are often admirably suited to meet 
the wants of higher life; so that al- 
though the plants may endeavor to 
protect themselves by means of 
thorns, hard coverings, bitter taste, 
disagreeable odor, etc., man has 
learned in many ways to overcome 
them and appropriate to himself that 
which it has laid by for its own use. 
Fruits, nuts and vegetables trying 
to escape their enemies and strug- 
gling for existence among thousands 
of other equally struggling individu- 
als do not have a chance to do their 
best, nor do they always develop along 
those lines that make them of especi- 
al use to man. Farming means the 
selection of those plants that promise 
most and then aiding them in every 
way so that they supply most abun- 
dantly and conveniently those things 
that we need. 

When man first began actually to 
till the soil is not definitely known. 
Many hundred years ago he noticed 
that some wild plants that furnished 

Here is the "New Way" Air Cooled Gasoline Engine. 

"the fan keeps it cool " 

LLOYD R. PEERY, Eastern Sales Agent. 



1. — No Wafer Tank to empty and 
till daily in freezing weaihcTi 
2. — No water to freeie and break 
Water jacket or cylinder and 
thereby cause a large expeuse 
for repairs. 
3. — No water to form lime in the 
water jacket and obstruct cir- 
4. — No cylinder gaskets to leak 
compress or blow out. 
■, 5. — No carliureter gasket or car- 
bureter needle valve. 
6. — The oil from one cup lubri- 
\ cates piston, cylinder and all 
/ beariups automatically and 
i with certainty. 
j The greatest specialty in agaso- 
j' line engine for the use of farmers 
that IS on the market. 

Write for our Special Introduc- 
tory Propusition to first purchaser 
in eich county. 

Agents Wanted Everywhere. 
Exclusive Territory. Write for 
Catalog and Testimonials. 



No other power gives such all rouDd satisfactory service 
as !-team. A line of enRines and boilers specially 
adapted to the needs of farmers and plant- 

The Leffel 

They take but little space, are famous for 
efficiency, quick steamers, last many j'eara 
and cost little for repairs. Many styles 
from 3 h. p. up include Upright, Ponable. 
Horizontals on skids or for walling in, en- 
gines mounted on boilers or with separate bage, 
etc. Don't t'uy any power until yon have sent foi 
our book. *'Power Economy and Eflleloncy.*' 

THE JAMES LEFFEL A CO., Box 1S4, Springfield, Ohic 

Farm levels, Roid Lerls, Architects Levels, etc. 

Levels e»pe iaily deeigneil f'.r TtKhAt. KING, 
TKACT0R8, etc. Levels wi h all the latest impro>e- 
ments and that are simple, durable, accurate and 
also very e»8y to adjust, correctly and to operate. 
Prices range from $6. to $35, depending: on the attachmen^B, 
Isze of telescopes, ntc. We build the level that suits yoar 
purpose and that wlllsatlsfy you in quality and prue. Write 
tor our complete catalogue and let us show you their several 

BELYEU LEVEL CO., Alexander City, Ala. 

50 per cent Cash Commission 

d to sell our Fresh Flower and Vegetabie SKEDS, 
Quality iru.irHOteed. Prices 'A to h less than re'.'ular. Hundreds 
ble stock. Write for Catalog & Order Blant 

.,. , tCa8h<< 

-..u,a. tiu ■ . ^aliinir bitr money sellintr our relia 

B<>x„7 John K. RLsdon Seed Co., Riverdale, M 




more or less satisfactory commodi- 
ties, thrived better and were more lib- 
eral In their output under some condi- 
tions than under others. . He went 
to work to supply those conditions, 
and so farming began. To-day It Is 
the same, only we know more about 
plants now, have greater facilities for 
doing work, and have seeds that have 
come through many generations of 
prosperous, thrifty and well trained 
ancestors to produce for us superior 
products; seeds that selection and 
care have freed from many of the ob- 
jectlonal characteristics of their unde- 
veloped kin and that have taken on 
new and useful properties. 

The first care then, in farming, 
should be to select seeds that have 
the best ancestry, and have developed 
in them the traits or habits of life that 
best fit them to produce those things 
that we need for our comfort and 
welfare. For instance, wheat, corn, 
cotton, etc., all have their wild pro- 
totypes, savages, we may say, of the 
vegetable world, and much inferior to 
their civilized descendents. And, as 
every good farmer knows, even the 
cultivated sorts are not of equal 
worth, and for the same reason that 
old field scrub cattle and pine rooter 
hogs are inferior to thoroughbred 

By careful selection each year In the 
Held of seeds for the next year from 
those plants that have, by cultivation 
or circumstances, reached nearest to 
the Ideal, there may be continued im- 
provement. Cotton of longer, strong- 
er staple and more pounds to the 
acre, wheat grains larger and more 
abundant and richer In proteids, car- 
bohydrates and fats, our vegetables 
more nutritious and palatable, our 
fruits more delicious and healthful. 

The second consideration is the 
preparation of the ground, making a 
fit place for the seeds to germinate 
In and grow. Plants are dependent 
upon their root system for their life; 
for while the leaves gather carbon 
from the air, they are largely support- 
ed by the moisture and mineral mat- 
tertakenupby therootandits branch- 
es. Take a thrifty plant and allow the 
soil around it to get hard and dry, see 
how quickly It sheds Its leaves and dies 
Land should be plowed deep, and well 
pulverized so that even the smallest 
roots can pu^h through everywhere 
In search of moisture and food. 

Next Is the fertilization. Every- 
thing else supplied if the food ele- 
ments necessary for the sustenance of 
the plant are lacking the plant starves 
to death. Notrogen, phosphorous and 
potash seem to be the plant food most 
generally lacking in our soils, and of- 
ten have to be supplied before we can 
get profitable crops. But this Is ru.i 
all. Humus, warmth, moisture aui 
often a special kind of bacteria 
be present or the plant life will not 

After the plant has been giveii 
■tart, comes the cultivation, reuuiv 

• the weeds and briars that wou.i. 


f -' 

14 YEARS. 

The oldest prepared roofing on 
the market, and the first Ruberoid 
Roofs laid, many years ago, are 
still giving satisfactory service 
under the severest climatic and 
atmospheric conditions, 

Contains no tar or paper ; will 
not melt, or tear. Acid fumes 
will not injure it. 

Outlasts metal or shingles. Any 
bandy man can apply it." 

There is only one Kuberoid Rcfing, and 
we sell it You can verify its genui enesa 
by the name on the label an I on t^e under 
side of every length of Kuberoid Roofing. 
Send for samples and booklet 

A large stock of Corrugated and V. 
Crimp Roofing always on hand. 

Southern Railway Supply Co.. 

1323 East Main Street. 

Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac R. R. 


Washington Southern Railway 

The Double -Track 


Connecting the 

Atlanlic Cout LiiK Railroad 
Baltimore 6c Ohio Railroad 
Chesapealce & Ohio Railway 
Pennsylvania Railroad 
Seaboard Air Line Railway 
Southero Railway 

Between All Pointo 
via Richmond, 
Virginia, and 
Washington, D. C. 

The Gateway 

between the 

North cmd the South 

Fast Mail 
Elxpress and 
Freight Route 

W. P. Taylor, Traffic MMMjei 





IF you value your health, or health 
* of your children, do not allow 
a cough, croup, or whooping cough 
to go without giving it prompt at- 
tention ; there is no telling what 
might be the result ; such conditions 
are not to be trifled with. Grippe, 
Pneumonia, and Consumption, or 
serious complications are likely to 
result unless promptly treated. The 
best and quickest cure for a cough, 
cold, croup, or whooping cough is 

i have five children, and all of 
them have had severe colds and 
croup, and I find that Honey- 
ToLU is a most excellent remedy, 
and would not be without it in 
the house. It has always been 
satisfactory, and gives prompt 
reh'ef in croup and jcoughs with 
the first two or three doses, 
loosens their colds and improves 
them in every way. 





Coughs, Colds, Croup 




I cannot praise too highly your 
HoNEY-ToLu; it is the King of 
all cough remedies. I had a bad 
cold, with a severe cough for 
weeks, and tried everything \vith- 
out avail, "when a friend recom- 
mended Honey-Tolu tome. I pro- 
cured a bottle , with the result that 
my cold is entirely cured. I al- 
ways keep it for the use of my 
family. I advise everyone suffer- 
ing with a cough or cold to use 
Honey-Tolu and be cured. 


Petersburg. Va. 

This old reliable and efficient remedy has stood the test of years, and is recognized and prescribed 
by leading physicians as the one cough cure that is sure to cure, and safe to administer to adults or 
children. It is never-failing in results, is pleasant to take and always cures. We have thousands of 
testimonials to these facts. Some unreliable dealers in their greed for profit, at the risk of your health, 
may prevail on you to try something else, but if you want a cure, insist upon having Honey-Tolu — 
take no substitute. 

GILBERT BROS. &, CO., Manufacturers 

ALL DEALERS SELL IT-25c. Baltimore. Mr. 



choke It out or hinder Its growth, al- 
lowing the sunshine to play around its 
leaves and change the dead chemicals 
into parenchyma or actual living tis- 
sue, stirring the soil that it may hold 
its moisture and remain soft and 
warm, protecting it from its enemies. 

To find farming uninteresting is to 
find no interest in the essential prin- 
ciples of life itself; to see nothing but 
a tiresome digging and plowing, is 
to have an unfortunate lack of know- 
ledge of nature's laws and methods. 
Not to feel stronger and freer at the 
scent of newly plowed land; not to 
feel a thrilling pulsation of new life 
when refreshing rains gladden the grow- 
Ing crops, temper the hot winds and 
make balmy and sweet-smelling the 
summer breeze; not to love to see and 
to make any life grow into a useful, 
healthy and beautiful specimen of Its 
kind, is to miss some of the purest and 
best pleasures that life can give. To 
find farming unprofitable is to be de- 
feated in an industry upon the success- 
ful continuance of which depends a 
man's civilization and progress. 

Centers of civilization have alweys 
been rich productive lands; here in- 
tellect and wealth (all else being 
equal) are more at home and grow 
and increase. 

This should be especially pleasing 
to the people of this section, for here 
it seems to me, is verily the garden 

spot of the earth for the production of 
all the esential crops, without the 
enervating effect of extreme heat, or a 
long rainy season. Here we have a 
healthful climate, good soil, good laws 
that give every man a fair 
chance, and good people, the best In 
the world. 

But what progress has really been 
made in this great industry? Wheat 
has been grown for food as far back 
as history records. We found the na- 
tives growing com and potatoes when 
.America was discovered. Cotton fab- 
rics have been in use as far back as 
we can trace. This is all true, but 
compare the limited supply of wheat 
formerly grown, ground by hand in 
stone mortars made Into st coarse 
bread and helping to supply only a 
few, with the millions of bushels now 
yearly raised, harvested and prepared 
into clean nutritious flour, distributed 
to the ends of the earth by modem 
methods and machinery. Not lessen- 
ing the supply of labor but making It 
possible for more men to live, and to 
live easier. 

Note the vast fields of Southern cot- 
ton, planted, fertilized, ginned, spun- 
ed into warm fabrics and placed with- 
in the reach of millions of men, rich 
and poor and, remember, that only a 
few years ago the lint had to be pick- 
ed from the seed by hand then carded 
and twisted and laboriously woven 
into a few yards of coarse cloth to 

meet the actual life needs of a very 
small number of the elect. Go into an 
uncultivated field and find a relative 
of our modem apple tree, struggling 
for tlife with the weeds and shrubs 
that crowd for its place, offering to 
the passing animal its small insipid 
fruit that its seeds may be scattered 
and again grow almost useless plants. 
Compare this with the strong flour- 
ishing tree of our Piedmont section, 
that has been grafted, planted, spray- 
ed and well cared for, hearing yearly 
barrels of large, luscious Winesaps, 
Grime's Goldens and York Imperials. 
Look at the May Pop, the Ground 
Cherry and the Partridge Pea, and 
then at the beans and tender snaps of 
our garden, the large and beautiful 
Ponderosa tomato and the Georgia 

Notice the wild rose, pretty, it Is 
true, yet short lived and surrounded 
by a protecting tangle of briars; the 
wild blackberry along the hedges, all 
imperfect and pithy; the wild cherry, 
small and bitter; the Jimson weed 
(Datura stramonium) rank and poiso- 
nous, then visit Luther Burbank's 
farm in California and see the descen- 
dents of these as there treated. He 
makes the rose cease to fear for its 
life, drop its thorns and luxuriating 
in a suitable environment, raise Its 
head high upon a smooth and grace- 
ful stem, double its petals and shed 
around it a delightful fragrance, show- 

Slow Speeding But Fast Grinding. 


Cotton Seed, 



We make Power Mills, 4 to 20 H. P. 2 H 
purposes. Doo't fail to write and get our free Catalogue, 

■^PA'=^TAN MFG. CO., 224 Chambers St., Galesbura, 

Don't think that in order to grind fast a mill 
must nm at break-neck speed, heating the feed, 
wearing out parts and causing breakage. Here 
is a mill that with just about 1-3 others' speed, 
grinds more feed than any other mill made. Its 
patented grinding process does it. The 


gradually reduces ear com or grains by shearing 
and cutting. That's why it grinds so fast with so 
little power; why it is not subjected to the strains 
put upon other mills; why it does not choke like 
other mills. Guaranteed to grind 
snapped corn without choking. 
Made in two sizes, grinding from 
50 to 80 bushels ear com and 80 
to 150 bushels shelled corn and 
grains per hour. 
P. Sweep Mills. 4 Horse Combined for power 







It is the Simplest, Easiest Managed, and Least Expensive Road Machine. Requires but one 

Man and one Team to Operate it. 



PRACTICAL MEN who have tested it are a unit in their expressions of opinions regarding 

the UNIT Machine. 

John E. Moore. Com.. Jackson, N. C. — 
The more I use the UNIT the more I am 
pleased with It. My overseer with one 
team and three men build more and better 
road than I did with 40 men with picks, 
BhoTels. etc. It saves labor enough to pay 
for Itself in two days use. 

C. L. Russell, Com., Abbeyville, Va.— The 
UNIT gives perfect satisfaction and is a 
great labor saver. 

G. R. Stone. Supt., Ordsburg. Va.— I am 
well pleased with the UNIT machine. 

Q. M. Walker, Supt., Willcox, Wharf, Va. 
—The UNIT does work I cannot do with 
the heavy grader. I recommend It to all 
interested in road building. 

M. L. Norvell. Island, Va.— The UNIT 
does all you claim for it. I am more than 
pleased with it. 

T. A. Shands, Carson, Va. The UNIT 
gives perfect satisfaction. With one man 
it does more work In a day than ten men 
with the old methods. 

John K. Wesley, Somerset, Ky.— I find 
the UNIT an excellent machine. Two 
horses handle it easily. With it and a plow 
I can grade more road than 25 men with 
the usual tools. 

H. W. Hunter, Water Valley, Miss. (Has 
bought four UNIT machines). With two 
UNIT machines and two horses each, I can 
do Vz more work than two men with the 
four wheel grader and eight horses, and do 
it equally as well. I would not undertake 
to grade roads without the UNIT. 

C. H. Broome, Charleston, Miss.— I find 
the UNIT satisfactory in every respect. 

I have a heavy grader that cost $250.00. If 
I had seen the UNIT first I would never 
have bought the large one. I am building 
200 miles of road and with the UNIT I am 
doing the work at 1/3 the cost of the work 
done with the large machine. 

M L. Wallace, Rutledge, Ga.— The UNIT 
machine gives excellent satlefaction. 

G D Parry, Madison, Ga.— I am much 
pleased with the UNIT machine. 

Dr Chas. McCulloch, Howardsville, Va.— 
The UNIT machine works beaueifully. 

G M Lynch, Pickens, S. C.-We are IHe- 
lighted with the UNIT machine. 

A. L. Calhoun. Jr.. Clio, S. C.-The UNIT 
Is all you claim for It. 

J O D Withrow, Ellenboro, N. C— All 
are well pleased with the UNIT. The ma- 
chine with two mules and a P'"^ J"^ 
two will do all the work and as fast as 
40 men with shovels and picks. 

J T Reed, Prest., Board of Rev., Bir- 
mlneham Ala.— Our overseers are well 
Sealed v^ith the UNIT and .^ay it will sav^ 
labor enough to pay for itself In a few 
days use. 

We will be pleased to ship a UNIT Machine on trial to responsible persons. 

THE RUSSELL and IMPERIAL FARM WAGONS. Steel axle and Thimble Skein. 

NEW HOLLAND FEED MILLS. Lowest in prices, easiest running and greatest capacity. 

NEW HOLLAND WOOD SAWS. For wood, poles, ripping boards, etc. 

VICTOR COMBINED FEED MILL and HORSE POWER. For ear or shelled corn or grain, 
and is a first-class Two or Four Horse Power for running other machines. Every farm wherever 
any stock is kept should be equipped with one of these. The price brings it within reach of all. 

PEA HULLERS, FERTILIZER and LIME SPREADERS. A most complete line of all sizes. 

BALING PRESSES. For Hand or Power. CORN SHELLERS. For Hand or Power. 


Write us for descriptive circulars and prices. 

THE CALL-WATT CO., Richmond, Va. ^^^B.Ir.Vn a:?n'i*n''d IVrV*' 

EatablishedbyGEO. WYATT, 1840. "MANFRED CALL, Gen'l Manager, RICHMOND, Va. 




Ing a responsiveness to surrounding 
nature and a beauty typifying a life 
well lived. 

He changes the color of the black- 
berry to white; makes the chestnut 
grow three times its usual size; com- 
bines the plum and the apricot into 
a new fruit — the plumcot — and makes 
the potato bear fruit upon its vines; 
the old Cactus of the desert drops its 
spines and holds up to a man a deli- 
cious food; new flowers that never be- 
fore gladdened the eyes of man here 
bloom in yard and garden. 

Can we ask if improvements have 
been made in the science of farming? 
Is there not a beautiful, interesting 
and unlimited field open to the farmer 

Not only are individuals at work 
upon the problems of agriculture, dis- 
covering new aCJ^wonderful truths and 
opening up daily new possibilities, but 
experiment stations belonging to the 
Government or separate states are 
continually at work throughout the 
country, testing and improving seed, 
studying plants, soils and methods and 
giving to the world the results of their 

This is farming up-to-date. But the 
farmer himself — how about him? The 
man who knows about farming, has 
exhausted the subject (?), who plants 
his nubbin of degenerate com each 
year on the same hard-baked, gulley- 
washed hillside; the man who does 
not believe in science, and makes 300 

pounds seed cotton per acre a good 
season; wont send his children to 
school; takes no paper or magazine; 
supports four worthless dogs, and 
raises yearly oft his neighbor's fields 
three razor-back hogs, averaging 32 
pounds apiece, is worse oft to-day than 
ever for he is way behind. Such a 
man cannot compete with the average 
man of to-day and will be weeded out 
by reason of inability to survive, un- 
fitness for the struggle. 

The farmer open to receive the good 
things in life; who is still studying 
plants and their needs; who sends his 
children to one of the good schools 
now scattered conveniently through- 
out the country; who attends the 
church just down the road; who in- 
quires the price of cotton over his 
telephone; who takes from the dally 
R. F. D. his mail, containing, perhaps, 
a bottle of cultures with which to in- 
oculate his clover or pea seed; who 
reads the best literature, either from 
the circulating district lilDrary or from 
his own private shelf, containing, we 
may notice, among others, works on 
Chemistry, Botany, Entomology, Bacte. 
rioloffy and other sciences relating to 
modern agriculture; whg has in his 
yard the prettiest flowers that careful 
selection, polinating, hypridizing, 
grafting and skilled cultivation can 
produce; who has daily the choicest 
meats, the freshest, most nutritious 
and delicious fruits and vegetables in 
the world; who has machinery to help 

him in his work; who Is a free man 
in God's own country, surely is bless- 
ed among men. 

We may say that this is merely a 
comparison of a rich man and a poor 
one. Well, the man who has It in him 
can get these things and keep them; 
the man who hasn't, can't and possi- 
bly does not deserve them. It Is the 
same in all other lines of work, only 
in farming there are possibilities and 
advantages scarcely to be found in 
any other occupation. 


Loulsburg, N. C. 

Monroe, Mich., Jan. 25, 1905. 
Dr. S. A. Tuttle, 

Dear Sir: — I have been using your 
Elixir for catarrh fever on my horse 
with great success, after trying several 
other so-called remedies without any 

Send me one of your veterinary 

Yours very truly, 

F. G. Strong. 

Carteret Co., N. C, Nov. 21, 1905. 

Long may the Southern Planter live 

to spread the long felt want of 

knowledge to the man behind the 

plow. SAML. R. WEEKS 

Franklin Co., N. C. 
The Southern Planter is my farm 
guide and I could not get along with- 
out it. .IAS. C. PEACE. 




in that next order for Carriages, Surreys, 
Buggies, Phaetons, Stanhopes, and Run- 
abouts, and we guarantee that you will receive strictly 

"True Blue" VEHICLES. 

We positively do not make any other than reliable goods. There 
is a dependable warrant behind them all. We are builders of Vir- 
ginia made goods Built on honor, and sold for the future as well 
as the present. Write for catalogue and SPECIAL PRICE list. 


w.G. ADAMS Sales Manager. J433 E Main Street., Richmond, Va. 




Utest Improved FARIVl IMPLEMENTS FOR 1905. 


These macblnes lell at Bli;ht. They bare heavy fly 
wheels and make three cuts to each turn of the crank. 
They will cut hay, itraw or fodder, and will cut ^ to 2 
Inches. They are shipped K. D., securing the lowest pos- 
sible freight rates. 

One and Two Hole. 

The frame la made of thoroughly dry bard wood. The 
joints mortised, tenoned end bolted The bearings are 
bolted on the frame Instead of screwed. The iron work 
is made from the very best materl tl. arery piece Is care- 
fully iDSperted before being put on. The machine Is hUh- 
grade all the way through. It Is handsomely painted, 
stripped and Tarnished, 



Are unequalled for grinding ear corn, shucks on or off 
Corn, Oats, Wheat and all other graini, single or mixed 


Fodder Cutters, Fodder 
Shredders, Cutters for 
all purposes. Corn Shel- 
lers. Grinding Mills, 
Horse Powers and 
Wood Saws. 

DON'T FORGET 1 All the mer- 
chants in town who claim to sell 
Oliver Chilled Plows and Repairs 
only sell the Imitation, Bogus, 
Cheap Goods. The only place in 
Richmond, Va., to buy Genuine 
Oliver Plows and Repairs is at 
U36 and 1438 E. Main street. 

Repairs carried for everything 
we sell. 

PCWCK MILLS in fiv* siz>a, 

2 to 80 horse power. 
Scientific f weep mils In five alze*. 
Geared— plain and combined, with 
horse power, 

Asplnwall Planters, Potato Sorters 
and Cutters. 

Tke Lyons Improved Pannlns Mills. 

Prick and Aultntan and Taylor En- 
gines, Saw mils and Threshers, 


58 styles and sizes. For horse or steam 
power. Write for prices and catalogues. 


(Jales & Whlttemore's Vegetable Cutter. Write 
for circulars and prices. 

Bpoclal prices glTsn on Stadebaker and 
■rown Wagoni, Buggiei and Caiti. 

BROWN 6 or 7 Row Stalk 

Write for circulars and 
and prices. 

National Koad Machine, Drag and Wheel 
Scrapers and Dump Wagons. "Quality" the 
best trices right. Carried in stock by the car 
load. Write for catalogues, prices and Issil- 

Kemp's Twentieth Century Improved Manare 
Spreader. Made In three sizes. Write fsr special 
Catalogue and prices. 


Successors to 


Mjyj [. in t mcHD, n 





Some people thing the calendar crop 
has fallen uS in recent years. How- 
ever that may be, we are getting our 
full assortment. 

Te kind we like best of all is the 
one published by N. W. Ayer & Son, 
the "Keeping Everlastingly At It" ad- 
vertising agents of Philadelphia. For 
purposes ot a business calendar noth- 
ing we know of equals it, yet as a 
specimen of the printer's art, it takes 
highest rank and will harmonize with 
the finest ofCce furnishings and deco- 

The epigrams printed in the blank 
spaces will interest those who are 
interested in advertising, and that 
means an Increased number every 
year. They are good reading and fur- 
nish a hint as to the why of the suc- 
cess of this firm and its clients. 

The publishers have issued this cal- 
endar for many years and state it aa 
their experience that when a business 
man has lived with it for a year, he ia 
unwilling to do without it. The edi- 
tion Is limited; while they last twen- 
ty-five cents to N. W. Ayer & Son, will 
bring one. 

A clergyman, in Richmond, Va., tells 
this story at his own exepnse: "One 
Sunday I was accosted by a quaint 
old woman, housekeeper in the em- 
ploy of a dear friend of mine. 'I 
want to tell you, sir,' said the old 
woman, 'how much I enjoy going to 
church on the Sundays that you 
preach." Expressing my appreciation 
of the compliment, I said that I was 
much gratified to hear it, adding that 
I feared I was not as popular a minis- 
ter as others in the city, and I finally 
asked: 'And what particular reason 
have you for enjoyment when 1 
preach?' 'Oh, sir,' she answered with 
appalling candor, 'I get such a good 
seat then.' " 

"Hullo Geordle," said a North coun- 
tryman, on meeting a friend, "where 
ha'e you been this while back?" 

"Man," said Geordie, "did ye no' 
know I was laid down wi' that trouble 
they ca' influenza? " 

"No, man, I didn't hear o't; and 
what kind o' trouble is it?" 

"Well, I can hardly explain," said 
Geordie; "bit efter yer getting better 
ye feel lazy like; in fact, ye don't 
feel inclined tae dae onything." 

"Do ye tell me that? Weel I've 
been troubled that way this last twen- 
ty years, and couldn't find a name for 

Chillicothe, Ohio, Dec. 15, 1905. 
The Southern Planter Is O. K. 

MlneapoUs, Minn., Dec. 14, 1905. 
We have only been taking your 
paper for a little while, and are per- 
fectly delighted with it. It is the 
est we ever read, and we don't see 
■v any Southern farmer works wlth- 

The Art of Fine Plumbing 

has progressed with the development of the science of 
sanitation and we have kept 
pace with the improvements. 
Have you } Or is your bathroom one of 
the old fashioned, unhealthy kind f 

If you are still using the "closed in" 
fixtures of ten years ago, it would be well 
to remove them and install in their stead, 
snowy white "^Stawdafd" Porcelain Enam- 
eled Ware, of which we have samples 
displayed in our showroom. Let us quote 
you prices. Illustrated catalogue free. 


Box 949, Richmond, Va. 

Good Plumbing, good Wind Mills, Qasollne englnei, Rams and water supply •qnlpment 
•pelli greatcomfott fortbe cAintry resident. Try U8. 

> THE j» 






Womia a eo«Btr7 wkar* verk eaa k« curtad Ml tk« aatlra 7*ar aad wkara Urea 
proflta eaa b« raallied Interaat yamT 

THI SBABOARD Air Uaa KaUway timTaraaa ttx Baothara Statca and a raflon tt 
tkla character. Oae two-cant atamp will brlac kaadaaBe tUoatrated lltaratoT* daacrtpUra 
of tke aectlen. 


0«B. ladditrlal Act., Portameuth. Va. Traffle Her. Q«n. Paaa. Act., Pertamontk, YA. 

When eemspoBdliig wtth onr adTertlsers alwars meatloB the 
ammamm Plaitthl 





In the course of a trial the other 
day It was discovered that one of the 
jurors, a native of Germany, could 
not understand a word of English. 
He had gone through the mill of be- 
ing summoned, of answering the sum- 
mons, of being empanelled, of hearing 
the opening statement of learned 
counsel and of studying the judge's 
pose of somnolent dignity, and, after 
all that, was .discharged. Why, it is 
hard to understand. In these times 
of contempt by court for everything 
but the form of a jury, of a system of 
selecting jurors to the end that the 
average lack of intelligence of a com- 
munity is ably represented in every 
12, to the disgust of the average priso- 
ner claiming trial by his peers, a man 
wh cannot understand a word of 
English would seem to be the most 
competent kind of a juror. 

Scotland Co., N. C, Dec. 13, 1905, 
I think you are doing a noble work 
for Southern farmers. 


Richland Co., S. C, Dec. 14, 1905. 
The Southern Planter is one of the 
best of agricultural journals and so 
reasonable in price that I don't see 
how I can dispense with it. Send it 
right along until further notice. 


Norfolk Co., Va., Dec. 15, 1905. 

To say I have profited by reading 
it in the past, would not do justice 
to the Planter. I have often profited 
from one copy more than the cost of 
a year's subscription. 

It is, in my estimation, the best 
agricultural paper — especially for this 
state — published. Your practical sug- 
gestions of work for each month, save 
me much thought and care, as I can 
do away with the trouble of charging 
my memory with important details. 


Halifax Co., Va., Dec. 14, 1905. 

I can't do without the Southern 

Planter. J. EARLE DDUNN. 

Campbell Co., Va., Dec. 12, 1905. 
I feel there Is no investment of the 
same amount pays so well, and I find 
there is a steady Improvement in the 
Southern Planter's get-up from year 
to year. C. S. HUTTON. 

Chesterfield Co., Va., Dec. 9, '05. 
I take a number of agricultural 
papers, but think the Southern 
Planter the best of them all. 


Spotsylvania Co., Va., Dec. 16, 1905. 
I could hardly do without the 
Southern Planter, for it is full of the 
most valuable and practical sugges- 
tions. D. J. WALLER, Jr. 

A small church was sadly in want 
of general repairs, and ameeting was 
being held to raise funds for that pur- 
pose. The minister having said that 
to do the work $500 would be required 
a very wealthy — and equally stingy — 
member of the congregation rose and 
said he would give a dollar. Just as 
he sat down, a lump of plaster fell 
from the celling and hit him upon the 
head, whereupon he rose hastily and 
called out that he had made a mistake 
—he would give fifty dollars. That 
was too much for an enthusiast pre- 
sent, who. forgetful of everything, 
called out fervently, "O Lord, hit him 

Pulaski Co., Va., Nov. 28, 1905. 
The Southern Planter knows condi- 
tions here in the South and gives the 
advice we need. 


Mecklenburg Co., Va., Nov. 27, '05. 
I like the Southern Planter very 
much and think everyone engaged In 
tilling the soil should take it. In fact 
I do not see how they can get along 
without it. H. B. POPE. 

Mecklenburg Co., Va., Nov. 23, 1905. 
I think the Southern Planter the 
finest paper I have ever read of the 
kind. I am always anxiously awaiting 
its arrival. 



J. S. MOORE'S SONS, Inc., Richmond, Virginia. 
Wholesale and Retail Grocers, Feed and Liquor Dealers. 

We are headquarters for the best of everything to eat and drink. 

Here are a few prices on Holiday Necessities. 




Lemon Peel 12%c. lb. 

Orange Peel 12%c. lb. 

Citron 15c. lb. 

L. L. Raisins 10c. lb. 

Mixed Nuts 12c. lb. 

Hard Shell Almonds 12c. lb. 

Soft Shell Almonds 18c. lb. 

Shelled Almonds 35c. lb. 

Currants 10c. lb. 

Seeded Raisins 10c. lb. 

Sultana Raisins 12%c. lb. 

Filberts 15c. lb. 

Negro Toes 12%c. lb. 

Pecans 15c. lb. 

Eng. Walnuts 18c. lb. 

Daees 7c. lb. 

Layer Pigs 12%c. lb. 

Package Figs 10c. 

Cocoanuts 5c. 

Loose Raisins 8c. 

Fine Catawba Wine $ .50 per 

Fine Blackberry Wine.. .60 

California Port Win 2.00 " 

Good Port Wine 60 " 

California Sherry Wine. 1.00 " 

Imported Sherry Wine.. 3.00 " 

Imported Port Wine 3.00 " 

Peach Brandy 2.50 " 

Old Geneva Gin 2.00 " 

London Dock Gin 2.50 " 

Five yr., old Gibson 

Whiskey 3.50 " 

Five yr., old Moore's 
Crown Whiskey 3.00 per gal. 

Five yr., old Star Rye 
Whiskey 2.50 " " 

Five yr., old Keystone 
Whiskey 2.50 " " 

Three yr., old Excelsior 
Whiskey 2.00 " " 

Two yr., old Old Capitol 
Whiskey 1.50 " " 

Five yr., old Virginia 

Mountain Whiskey . . . 3.00 " " 

Five yr., old North Caro- 
lina Corn Whiskey... 2.50 " " 

Three yr., old North 
Carolina Com Whis- 

2.00 " " 

We ship any quantity anywhere. JUGS FREE. Send us a list of your 

wants in the Grocery line and let us quote you prices on it. 

Long Distance Phone. Call and see us or -vrrite. MAIN and 18th Streets. 




, -|n . j ..|..g.. | .. | .. | . , | . . | , . | . , g .. | .. | . , g , , g , , j , .| , ■ . |.>|..|..|. . |.4^;..t. 4 >4 . .|. .g. >| , .g. ■|>4«g»4»»g»»|»4>4»4«fr.fr4.4^ 4, 

3 Months Trial Subscription 




j Southern Planter 



ThLS liberal offer should be accepted by thou5= J 
ands who are not now readers. J 

Send in at once. 

.in.|..g..|..g.. |o . |. . g .. | ..g..g.,| , ,g,,|^g.,g..g..|„g,g ,|,,g | ,.g,|.,|,, gn . |n,g , g ,g, I |,. t .. |. . g , I I , j„j. . |n . |n .g.,| .,t.^ 

* The SOUTHERN PLANTER, Richmond, Va. J 


,t..|..|..g..g..| . .| . .ji..g..|..j|.,i.,i M |,iji | ,, ; , | ., g„ | M } |„| ,. gM| i i S i. s .. i ..i.. t . I i i . |. . t ,i | 1 1 1 1 i| i |m| .4> 





The most effectual met"hod of ren- 
dering a house moth-proof is thorough 
spring and fall cleaning. Two of the 
arch-enemies of moths are cleanliness 
and light. Attics and storage-rooms 
require light and ventilation. The ce- 
dar chest or closet ranks first as a 
preventive. Moth halls are efficaci- 
ous, but one prefers the moth almost. 
Furs, especially, fascinate moths. 
The preliminary step is a thorough 
combing with a dressing comb; next, 
beat well, and air in the sunshine; 
next, sprinkle with gum camphor, ce- 
dar dust or tobacco leaves. Place 
the furs in paper sacks, turn the edges 
over, and paste down with a strip of 
muslin. Printers' ink is obnoxious to 
moths. Balls of cotton wadding sat- 
urated in oil of cedar are effectual in 
trunks. Remember, this oil stains. 
Carpets, if infested, must come up, be 
beaten and cleaned. Wash the floor 
with benzine, then sprinkle with cay- 
enne pepper. Tack down the carpet, 
and sponge with a solution of one 
quart of water to one tablespoonful of 
turpentine, changing the water fre- 

quently. A preventive Is to press 
every inch of the edge of the carpet, 
first dampening, then pressing with a 
hot iron. Lay a damp towel on the car- 
pet, over this a paper to retain the 
steam, then iron. Steam destroys. — 
August Woman's Home Companion. 

Lowndes Co., Ga., Dec. 8, 1905. 

The Southern Planter is a fin« 

journal and I shall always work for 

It. M. J. BOYD. 

McDowell Co., W. Va., Dec. 9, 1906. 

You have a very excellent paper 

and I don't feel that I can do without 

it. Dr. J. J. SKELTON. 

From Grower to Planter Direct 

Extra Early Refugee Beans 

$4.25 per bushel 

Late Refugee (^or 1000 to 1) Beans 

S4.00 per bushel 

Earliest Red Valentine Beans 

$4.50 per bushel 

Currie's Rust=proof Wax Beans 

$5.50 per bushel 

Wardwell's Kidney Wax Beans 

$6.75 per bushel 

Arlington White Spine Cucumber 

5Sc. per lb. 

Henderson's First'Of-all Peas 

( The Best Extra Early Variety) $4.00 per bush el 

^eter Henderson & Co! 

Having no jobbing in- 
terests to protect we are 
enabled to supply the 
planter direct (or through 
your commission mer- 
chant) with the highest 
quality of seeds at the 
lowest possible prices. 

Our Special WHOLESALE 

Catalogue to Market 
Gardeners and Truck- 
ers, free to all mentioning 
this paper. 


New York. 


trial 2:27i4, trotting. 
Black horse, foaled 1899, 15.3 hands, weight 
1,100 lbs. sired by Dare Devil, 2:09 (son of 
Mambrlno King, 1279, and Mercedes, by 
Chimes. 5348; by Electioneer, 125). 

1 dam Princess May R., by Prince Regent, 
2:16U (son of Mambrlno King and Estabella, 
by Alcantara, 2:23. by George Wilkes, 2:22.) 

2 dam Mary Weston (dam ot 3 producers) 
by Mohican. 619. 

Note.— Lord Chancellor Is a horse ot com- 
manding form and handsome proportions. 
His sire. Dare Devil, one of the finest horses 
in America, is owned by Thomas W. Lawson, 
the famous Boston financier, who paid $50,000 
for him, for use in Dreamwold Farm stud. 
Lord Chancellor is inbred to Mambrlno King, 
founder of a family noted for wonderful 
beauty, matchless style and superb race 
horse quality. 

For terms ot service and keep ot mares, 
address: W. J. CARTER, 1102 Hull Street, 
Manchester, Va. ; or P. O. BOX 929, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Plain Dealing Farm, 

W. N. WILMER. Proprietor. 

49 Wall Streat, New York. 


Black horse, 16 hands high, weight, 1.MC 
pounds. Sired by Kentucky Prince, 1670; 
dam Nina, by Meeaenger Duroc, 106. 

Fee, $10 season; $15 Insuraace. 
AEBINEER, 30923, 

Chestnut horse, 15.3 hands, welKht 1.100 
pounds. Sired by Virginia Chief, 27267; dam 
Aeblna. by Alban, 5332. 

Fee, $8 season; $12 insurance. 

Chestnut horse, 15.1 hands, weight 1.06« 
pounds. Sired by Virginia Chief, *72«7; Aam 
Barbara, by Alcantara, 729. 

DEALING STOCK FARM. ScottavUle, Albe- 
marle Co., Va.. 


Race record, 2:17%, trotting. 

Bay horse, by Clay, son of Walker Mor- 
rill, 2557; dam Mittee Belote, by Hamblo- 
tonian. Pilot, Sire of ."-igret -.'.Si.;... 

Note.— Clay sired Albert C, 2:16%, etc. 
Walker Morrill sired Lamp Girl, 2:09, fastest 
of Virginia bred trotters. 

For terms, address J. T. PARKER, owner, 
Suffolk. Va. 

Ainslie Carriage Co , 

10 So. lOthSt., RICHHOND, VA. 

Builders and Designers of Fine Pleasure 
and Business Vehicles. 
Correspondence Solicited. 


bay horse, 15.3, weight 1,100 lbs., by Elec- 
tioneer, 125, sire of Arion, 2:07%: Sunol, 
2:0814; Palo Alto, 2:08%, etc.; dam Planetla, 
granddam of Peko, 2:11; Pedlar, 2:18%, etc., 
by Planet, thoroughbred son ot Revenue. 

Planeteer has good conformation along with 
fine trotting action and even temper, which 
he transmits with uniformity. For terms of 
sers'ice and keep of mares address H. E. 
GRAVES, Rodes, Va.; or W. E. GRAVES, 
Lynchburg, Va. 



Chestnut horse, foaled 1902. 15.3 hands, 
weight 1150 pounds. Sired by Squire Rlckel, 
dam Margery, by Roseberry. Address AN- 
BRBW POLLABD, R. F. D. 6, Richmond, 

KELLY, 22823 

Race record, 2 :27. Bay horse by Elec 
tloneer 125 ; dam, Esther, dam of Eiprea- 
slve, 3, 2 :12V4 I Express, 2 :21, etc, by Ex- 
press. Kelly represents the highest type 
of a trotter, having fine size and the form 
and finish of a thoroughbred. 

Kelly's dam, Esther, measures 16 handa, 
and his famous sister, Expressive, 16 :2, 
showing that the family breeds grand r:Ue. 
Fee, $10 season ; $15 Insurance. W. J. 
CARTER, 1102 Holl St. Manchester. Va. 

R. H. Richardson 

1310 Hull St., Manchester, Va. 
Dealer In Harness, Hardware, Paints. 
Oils and Glass, Farm Implements and 

Stallion cards, folders, posters and stock 
Catalogues compiled by "Broad Rock," who 
is also prepared to trace pedigrees and regis- 
ter horses, having full sets of the Amer- 
ican Trotting Register, Stud Books, Wal- 
lace's Year Books, and other standard works. 
In addition to extensive private memoranda. 

p. O. Box 929, Richmond, Va. 

Or 1102 Hull St., Manchtstsr, Va. 
Representing "The Tlmes-Dlepatch" and 
"Southern Planter." Richmond, Va. ; "Ken- 
tucky Stock Farm." and "The Thorough- 
bred Record," Lexineton, Ky. ; "Sports of 
the Times." New York, and the "Breeder 
and Sportsman." San Francisco. Cal^ 

A. R. CASS, 

803 Hull St,, - Manchester, Va. 


HARNESS. Repairing a Specialty. 





Editorial — Introductory 1 

Clubs With Other Jouranls and Magazines 2 


Editorial — Work for the Month 3 

Frenzied Farming 6 

Lime Needed on Southern Soils " 

Soy Beans in Alabama 9 

A Successful Irish Potato Crop 9 

Agricultural Implements 9 


Editorial — Work for the Month 10 

Increasing the Yield of Asparagus 11 


Breeds of Hogs 12 

The Large Yorkshire Hog 13 

The Bacon Hog 15 

Exterminate the Cattle Tick IC 

Breeds of Beef Cattle in the South 17 

The Berkshire Hog 22 

A Plea for the Golden Hoof in Dixie Land .23 

Intensive Farming 27 


Kansas Experiment Station Egg-Laying Contest 28 


Notes 29 

Inquirers' Column (Detailed Index, page 41) 30 


Selecting Corn SS 

The Virginia College of Agriculture 35 

The Land Question in Virginia 38 

In Memoriam 40 

Basic Slag Meal 40 

Publisher's Notes 41 



THE WATT PLOW CO., Richmond, V a, 

Can supply you promptly with everything needed in your business. 

THE WATT PLOW CO., Richmond, Va. 

Uie quickest and cleanest but*; Hoik) w 
fcnown, The frame Um^'-^o^f^Hollo- 

"'^•Z ^Tr^.T^^f^P- table. The Churns 
TK8T/-"'t^^--°°d or heavy 

nost economical roof made. Does not 
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Agriculture is the nursing mother of the Arta.— XENOPHON. 
Tillage and pasturage are the two breasts of the State. —SULLY. 

67th Year. 

Richmond, Va., February, 1906. 

No. 2 

Farm Management. 


The abnormal mildness of the season still contin- 
ues, not only in the South, but generally throughout 
all tlie country. As yet ,we have had practically no 
winter in the South, end even in the North it has 
been an exceptionally iine and open winter. Frosts 
here have been only of the lightest and we have 
heard of no one having been able to save any ice. It 
liegins to look as though ice will be a scarcity next 
summer throughout the South. However, it is yet 
possible we may have some cold weather as we have 

the prospect for a good wheat crop is exceptionally 
line. Here in the South, the dryness of the fall 
has prevented a very luxuriant growth, but the plant 
is usually well set on the land and promising. We 
had much rather see such a growth as is now com- 
mon, than one more luxuriant and tender. It will 
stand later frosts much better. The dryness of the 
land at seeding time has saved the crops from being 
spewed out of the ground by the frosts we have had 
and if the present mildness continues we may reason- 
ably look to the crop coming throiigh winter without 
prions damage from this cause. As we pointed out 

known February to be a very hard winter month sev- in our last issue the area seeded to wheat in the South 
times during the last 20 years. It will, however, be|is considerably above the average and with present 
wise to let no opportunity pass of securing ice, even I prospects we ought to see a much larger crop than the 
though it be only thin. This mildness of the weather i average produced. "Winter oats where sown early 
is saving feed and making the task of carrying live are looking well though like wheat, not a very luxur- 
stock much easier and cheaper than usual, as young i ant growth, but yet healthy in color and thick on 
stock have been able to pick up much feed out of, the ground. Late sown crops have, however, made 
doors that otherwise would have had to be fed to but little growth and their ultimate success will de- 

them to keep them in growing condition. We have 
had several cases reported to \is where cattle of this 
kind and sheep have never yet had any winter feed 
fed to them and are yet looking well and improving 
in condition. Fall sown grain is looking well and 
both. wBeat and rye are being pastured in many 
places". This will help lambing ewe? wonderfully and 
already we hear of fine lambs making good progress 
for the markets. Whilst the absence of a good cov- 
ering of snow on the wheat in many sections of the 
Nirth and West is a feature which may xiltimately 
tend to the loss of much of the plant if a severe 
freezing time should come nn, yet, up to the present 

pend very much on the weather of this and the next 
month. Should these be severe we shall not expect 
the yield to be satisfactory. It is a great mistake to 
=ow winter oats Inter than October. When the crop 
c.innot be seeded before October, oats should not be 
sown until February or March, and then either the 
Burt or the Rust proof variety should be sown. Later 
than the middle of March, oats ought not to be sown 
in the South, except in the moimtain sections where 
they may be sown up to the end of April. We hear 
excellent reports of the yield of the Burt oat and of 
its quick maturity. The Experiment Station at 
Elacksburg, Va., tested a number of varieties of oats 



last year and found a very great difference in the 
yield. We have not yet received detailed reports of 
these tests but are hoping to do so shortly, meanwhile 
it would be well for tliose desiring information on 
this subject to write the station. 

If the present mild weather should continue, much 
work can and ought to be done during this month, to 
fit the land for the crops and not a day ought to be 
Inst in starting this work. We are glad to see that 
tliis question of utilizing the winter months for pre- 
paring the land for seeding is beginning to receive 
that attention which it deserves. In several recent 
communications from farmers in different sections of 
the country they have commented strongly on the way 
in which farmers in the South waste the great oppor- 
tunities which the fine open fall, winter and early 
spring months give for perfect preparation of the 
land under the most favorable conditions. A man 
living in the South who thus wastes his opportunities 
put5 himself practically in the position of the North- 
em farmer who cannot help himself on account of the 
weather. He thus loses all the advantages which his 
more Southern location gives him and makes his' 
working year one only of 6 or 8 months when it might 
and ought to be one of at least 10 months. With one 
third to one-half loss team, he can, if he avails him- 
self of his opportunities, cultivate as much land as 
his Northern brother and do the work better and get 
infinitely better returns, because of the fact that 
he can always make at least two crops in each year 
and in some cases three. With such advantages as 
these, how is it that we hear complaints that farming 
cannot be made to pay in the South ? It is because 
otir people still stick in the old ruts and "lay them- 
selves by" when they 'lay the first crop by." Some 
will persist in saying that they cannot get labor to 
do this extra work. Wliilst we are willing to admit 
that at the present time labor is scarce at old prices, 
yet we are not willing to admit that with the aid of 
the great labor saving machinery now at the call of 
the farmer and the payment of wages more nearly 
corresponding to the rates paid by the Northern and 
Western farmer, that labor cannot be had. We have 
recently discussed this matter with several large far- 
mers having farms near the cities and they frankly 
admit that if they are willing to pay anything near 
Northern and Western rates, they can get good and 
reliable labor and are getting it Many insist that they 
cannot afford to get this machinery and labor, but 
this is a very short-sighted view to take. Every 
manufacturer has the same difficulties to contend with 

and if he is to succeed, must make the change and 
does it. The farmer must do the same thing. He 
has the same markets open to him that his Northern 
and Western brother has and he can get as good, or 
a better price for most of his crops as his Northern 
and Western brother, because he can get his products 
on the markets earlier and when the demand is 
greater and the prices at the best. We know farmers 
who to-day have all their land plowed and ready for 
working for the planting of the next crop. These 
I'lcn have kept their teams at work at every opportun- 
ity since harvesting the last crop and instead of these 
teams standing in the stables eating their heads of, 
they have been earning their living. Others and by 
far the larger number have not turned a furrow. 
Their teams have been practically idle and getting 
out of condition, and very shortly work will so press 
them, that much of the crop they thought of plant- 
ing will have to remain unplanted because of the ab- 
soliite impossibility of preparing the land for it in 
time. And yet we have had one of the finest falls 
and winters for working, we have ever known. We 
would most earnestly urge that no further "loafing" 
he ]iermitted, but that without further delay the 
teams may be put to work and the land be well and 
df^e]ily broken at once, so that it at least may get 
the benefit of such weathering as it can get, to make 
available the inert plant food in the soil. In our 
last issue we wrote at length on the advantages of 
good and deep fall and winter plowing and do not 
know that we can usefully add anything to this, ex- 
cept to say that since we wrote that article we have 
had letters from several fanners who confirm what 
we then said. One gentleman says that for years he 
has Ven plowing 12 to 13 inches deep by the rule 
with the result that he now gets more than 
four-fold the crop he formerly got on the 
same land and that without the help of fertilizers. 
One of these gentlemen says that on 57 acres he made 
last year 460 barrels (2,300 bushels) of com without 
the use of any fertilizer at all. Surely a good show- 
ing as the result of deep plowing. In this issue will 
be found communications further illustrating 
this point in the improvement of poor, worn out 
land. One of the greatest advantages confewed by 
winter and early spring deep plowing of land aftd sub- 
soiling the same, where the land is underlaid with 
clay or a hard pan. is that it enables moisture to be 
stored in the land for the use of the crops in the hot, 
dry weather of the summer, and at the same time 
prevents over-saturation of the surface soil with the 
spring rains. All crops take their food in fl liquid 




state only and unless there be in the soil suificient 
moisture to dissolve the plant food in the soil it mat- 
ters not how much plant food there be there, the 
crop cannot benefit by it. Hence the importance of 
so early preparing the soil to take and hold the 
rainfall which is to supply the moistiire needed to 
make the plant food available. Whilst this is so, it is 
equally as important that the subsoil should be so 
open as to prevent over saturation of the soil with 
moisture, as this means waste of plant food, which is 
leached out instead of being conserved for the use 
of the crops. One of the great causes of deficient 
yields of crops in the South is that the plant food 
either naturally in the soil or put there in the form 
of fertilizer is not made available for the crops by 
being properly dissolved by moisture, largely owing to 
the fact that the land is plowed so shallow that the 
land has not time or depth enough of soil to accumu- 
ate and store the needed moisture. This moisture is 
also needed to permit of the active growth and work- 
ing of microbic life in the soil upon which largely 
depends the extent to which the plant food is made 
available. Two things, at least, are essential for the 
promotion of this microbic life, namely, moisture and 
an alkaline condition of the soil and to these may be 
added a suitable temperature to permit of the growth 
and activity of the microbes. We oftcu hear far- 
mers say that the soil of certain land is "dead," and 
will not produce crops. In so saying they tminten- 
tionally accurately describe the condition of the land. 
It is devoid of microbic life and hence unprodiictive. 
Inoculate such soil with the germs of this life by 
applying manure and decaying vegetable matter and 
make it alkaline, by the addition of some lime and 
^iny>ply it with moisture, not merely on the surface, 
Init throughout the depth of the soil, and this life 
wi\] grow and fructify and the soil become produc- 
tive. It will become a "live" soil and responsive to 
the demands made upon it. With the proper amount 
of moisture in the soil and an absence of sourness or 
in other words an alkaline condition, very little ma- 
nure or vegetable matter present will serve to re- 
vivify the land and hence it is that we so often see 
good crops produced on land to which only a small 
<]uantity of manure has been supplied, a quantity 
containing much less plant food than the analysis 
of the crop would seem to call for, for its success- 
ful production. The needed addition is got from 
the stores of natural plant food found in all soils, 
made available through the active work of the mi- 
crobes. The earlier land is plowed and got into con- 
dition for the promotion of the growth of this mi- 

crobic life, the more plant food will become available 
for the crops and the better the chance for a profit- 
a'ole yield. Keep the teams, therefore, at work, at 
all times when the soil is sufficiently dry for good 
work to be done. Land plowed too wet is not conduc- 
ive to microbic life in the soil as in such a condition 
the microbes cannot work and the soil bakes into 
hard clots with the first hot dry weather that comes. 
When once this has happened no subsequent cultiva- 
tion can cure the defects, though it may modify the 
conditions favorably for crop production, but almost 
always at a cost disproportionate to the results at- 
tained, hence, it is of prime importance not to plow 
land when too wet. It should be in such a conditin 
that the soil will leave the plow in a crumbly con- 
dition and not pack together. Watch the condition 
of the soil carefully and plow only when good work 
can be done, but never miss an opportunity of plow- 
ing when it can be done with advantage. 

It is too early to sow or plant any crops, except oats 
and Canada Peas and oats for a forage crop. Both 
these crops may be sown in this month, whenever the 
land can be got into good order. Whilst we have 
never been advocates for the seeding of oats in the 
spring in the South, as the fall is the proper time for 
the seeding of this crop in this section, yet, we 
recognize the fact that it is necessary at times for this 
to be done in order, especially, to secure an addition 
to the hay crop, oat-hay making excellent forage for 
all stock. Eor grain, the fall-seeded crop is the only 
one which can be relied upon to make a profitable 
return. The hot weather sets in too early for spring 
sown oats to make a heavy yield except in abnormal 
seasons when the summer is late. For spring seeding 
the Burt or 90 day oat is the best. This is a new 
oat and is proving a most valuable introduction. 
Rust proof oats also make a good forage crop, seeded 
in this month and March. Usually it would be found 
iiuich more profitable to grow some of the summer 
forage crops, like sorghum, soy beans, cow peas and 
millet, than oats as these make heavier yields of feed 
but the seeding of these crops cannot be done imtil 
the warm weather has set in and at that time other 
work generally makes it difficult to get a full area 
of these crops planted. At this time no such pres- 
sure is felt and some portion of the land can be seeded 
in oats and thus be gotten out of the way imtil July, 
when a second crop, say of cow peas or cow peas and 
sorghum, to be cut for hay, should be seeded and 
thus from the two crops a good return be secured. 
Too often when oats are sown, they are put on tlie 




poorest land and that given the worst kind of prepara 
tion. This is a foolish system to follow for no crop 
will make a more generous response than oats to good 
preparation and fertilization. Plow and break the 
land finely and then apply 4001bs of acid phosphate 
per acre and work into the land, and sow 3 or 4 bush- 
els of seed per acre. We prefer 4 bushels of seed 
per acre rather than 3. Oats do not tiller or spread 
like wheat and therefore should be sown much thicker. 
We have sown 5 bushels to the acre with excellent re- 
sults. The light seeding common in the South can 
never result in heavy yields except upon very rich 
land. After the oats have commenced to grow freely 
a top dressing of 100 lbs of nitrate of soda per acre 
will help very materially in increasing the yield. We 
have known it to add one-fourth more. With this 
fertilization of the land a cow pea or cow pea and 
sorghum crop can follow the oats, with the prospect 
of making an excellent hay crop. 

it putt it on the land in a fine condition to benefit 
the crop. Coarse farm yard manure should be got 
out on to the land intended to be planted in com as 
fast as made. It pays better on this crop than any 
other fertilizer, as com with its powerful root grovrth 
can better utilize coarse food than the finer-rooted 
crops. Don't let the manure lay leaching its good- 
ness away in the yard. Let it leach on the land where 
it will do cood. 

Canada peas and oats seeded together this month 
in middle and eastern Virginia and Jforth Carolina 
and in March in the western sections of these States, 
make an excellent grazing crop for hogs and good hay 
for cutting in ilay or June. The land should be got 
in good order, and if not rich, should have 300 or 400 
lbs. of acid phosphate per acre applied broadcast. 
Sow 2 bushels of peas per acre and work them in 
deeply with the cultivator, or better, drill them in 
so as to get a cover of 4 or 5 inches and then sow 
1 bushel of oats broadcast and harrow in. 

Tobacco plant bed-s should Ije burnt and made rich 
and be so-mi as soon as possible. Do not fail to bum 
them thoroughly, so as to kill out all weed seeds in 
the first four inches of the soil and then chop over 
finely but do not turn over the soil or other weed 
seeds will be brought to the surface. Apply a rich 
nitrogenous fertilizer liberally and seed and cover 
with plant bed muslin, taking care to provide good 
drainage around the bed so as to prevent washing. 
See that a good type of tobacco is so^\-n, one adapted 
to the section and calculated to meet the requirements 
of the market when cured. 

If you have plenty of finely rotted, farm yard 
manure, use this to top dress wheat and grass land 
intended to be mown for hay. Be careful when ap- 
plying it t<) spread evenly and break finely. A ma- 
nure spreader is one of the most valuable implements 
a man can have on a farm. It will make the manure 
go as far again and do infinitelv more good, as 

If the land gets dry enough so that it can be har- 
rowed and made fine on the surface, grass and clover 
seed may be sown on wheat and other land in good 
fertility which failed to get sown in the fall which is 
the propert time to sow these seeds in the South. 
Before sowing in wheat, run a spike-tooth harrow 
over the crop to break the crust and freshen up the 
land. This harrowing will be found also to be of 
great service to the wheat itself, as it will start it 
into growth and kill out any weeds just sprouting. 
After sowing the seed which should be applied with 
a liberal hand, say not less than 2 bushels of grass 
seed and 10 or 12 lbs. of clover seed per acre, roll 
the land with a light roller if dry enough to roll 
without packing on the roller, if not run over again 
with the harrow and roll later when dry enough. The 
best roller to use for this purpose is a Cambridge 
roller that is one with a ridffed and furrowed surface. 
This packs the lands aroimd the plants whilst leaving 
the intervening spaces ridged, so that it does not 
crust so quickly. Do not attempt to seed down to 
grass any land not already rich or which is not made 
rich by the application of bone meal or other good 
fertilizer. It never pays to seed grass seeds on poor 
weedy land. The weeds will soon crowd o\tt the grass 
even if a stand is obtained. At least 500 or 600 lbs. 
of bone meal should be applied per acre to land in- 
tended to be seeded to grass and then later when the 
grass has started to grow, a top dressing of 100 ll>s. 
to the acre of nitrate of soda should be applied or 300 
or 400 lbs. of Peruvian guano per acre should be ap- 
plied. Seed heavily, not less than 2 bushels of mixed 
grass seed and better 3. bushels and 10 lbs. of red 
clover. A good mixture for a meadow is Tall Meadow 
Oat grass Herds grass and Orchard grass and for a 
pasture add to these Fescue grass and Virginia blue 
grass. Cover the seed well by harrowing with a light 
harrow and rollinff. 

Have a good plan laid down for the cropping of 
the different fields so that a good system of rotation 
of crops can be established for the farm. No man 




can expect to succeed on a farm who fails to adopt 
such a system of rotation of crops as will prevent the 
coming of the same crops two years together on the 
same land. Cultivated crops should succeed non- 
cultivated ones and root crops precede grain crops 
wherever roots are grown and grass follow the grain. 
Let corn always as far as possible follow the gi-ass as 
it can best utilize the rough and coarse fertility in 
the land. Whether the rotation shall be a long one 
or a short one depends much on the character of the 
land. A short rotation is best for light land, a long 
one for heavy land. 


Editor Southern Planter : 

I have been a reader of your valuable paper for 
about two months and while I am not what might 
1)0 termed a scientific farmer, yet am deeply inter- 
ested in the cultivation of the land of the South. 

In your paper I foimd a number of articles dealing 
with this subject that appealed to me strongly. Your 
editorials are to be commended for their good com- 
mon sense, and let me say right here, that common 
sense is what the farm needs. To my way of think- 
ing, the colossal question confronting the Southern 
farmer to-day is: How to utilize the barren land? 
How to reclaim the almost worn out fields, which 
have been idle for years ? And how to make these 
waste places pay their own way during the reclaim- 
ing process. 

I made a little experiment along this line, partic- 
ularly of which I gladly give, which may be of in- 
terest and benefit to others dealing with the same 
propositions and conditions. 

In 1002, I purchased a small farm near town. My 
friends laughingly asked what my object was in 
buying land of such a character, my answer was, 
"wait and see." The soil was a very poor clay. The 
three years previous it had been planted iu com, 
yielding about 12 bushels to the acre. The stalks 
were very small, hard and almost round. The fol- 
lowing is the manner in which a 20 acre field was 
treated : 

The field was plowed just as deeply as possible 
with a No. 30 Oliver Plow. Went twice over it with 
a disc harrow, sowed 1 bushel of cow peas to the acre. 
When about half the pods were ripe, the peas were 
cut for hay. The land was then tiirned again (this 
time in the fall) just as deeply as possible and the 
disc harrow used freely, and wheat sown. At the 
present, time, however, rye is being used instead of 

wheat. The wheat was converted into pasture for 
calves, thus saving one-half feed. 

After cutting the wheat, the plowing and harrow- 
ing process was again resorted to and peas sovm. The 
peas were cut for hay, thus getting two crops the 
same year. After cutting the peas, the groimd was 
again plowed, iising a subsoiler, and allowed to re- 
main during the winter. The cattle were sheltered 
during the winter and the wheat straw used for bed- 
ding. In the day time, when the cattle were turned 
into a lot, the manure was gathered up and placed 
into a pile, with first a layer of manure, then a layer 
of dirt, and so on, to be used as fertilizer in the 

Last spring the field received a top dressing of 
four two-horse loads of manure to the acre, and was 
plowed with a single plow and the disc harrow used. 
Corn was planted every fifteen inches in rows three 
and a half feet apart, cultivated it three times and 
gathered 54-J bushels of com to the acre. 

The field is now sown in rye and I expect to run 
the harrow over it in the spring and sow grass and 
clover. The whole farm has been treated in a simi- 
lar manner, with rich returns. 

It is my experience that one animal to each acre 
cultivated will supply sufficient manure, if rightly 
handled, to give a good top dressing. The hogs in 
the pen should be bedded and the bedding removed 
just the same as for the milk cow and the work horse. 
The manure obtained from the hog pen is far su- 
perior to that of the cow or horse. While rye straw 
is preferable for bedding, yet I use oak leaves for 
my stock when straw is not available, and am well 
paid for the trouble. Manure that is thro^vn into 
a pile, where the rain beats upon it from January 
to May, loses much of its enriching power. Too 
many farmers depend upon commercial fertilizer to 
enrich their lands. We often see straw stacks rotting 
on the farm, when worn out spots and sheer neglect 
are in woeful evidence. If that same straw was 
placed in the cow stall or pig pen as bedding, it would 
prove in the end of far more value than commercial 

Let us as farmers wake up and learn to utilize 
the rich gifts within our grasp. Let us take up the 
question of poor lands and handle it in a masterful 
manner and where now we see wide barren acres with 
here and there a patch of com or cotton, our fields 
will be rich in green peas and clover, furnishing more 
than their equivalent in hay and land fertilizer. 

Instead of disposing of our hay at half price, let 
us create a home market, by cultivating thoroughbred 




stock. It costs no more to feed a thoroughbred than 
it does to feed a scrub. 

The time for thinking and acting for ourselves 
has come and let us be up and doing. Read the 
Southern Planter and put into use its practical sug 

Hoping tliis article may be of some benefit to your 
many readers and assuring you that I look forward 
with interest to each coming issue, I am, 
Tours for success, 

Roane Co., Tenn. John H. Hatfield 


Editor Southern Planter: 

Last year I rented 20 acres of land on Roanoke 
river. The average yield of com on these lands 
is about 40 bushels to the acre. I made 654 bushels, 
This increased yield I attribute entirely to the seed 
I planted. This seed I have been raising for 12 to 
1 5 years. I take great care in selecting my seed corn 
in the field and always tell my men never to save a 
stalk for seed unless it carries at least four good 
ears. The result of this system of selection long con- 
tinued is, that my stalks all produce from two to eight 
ears. With such prolificacy I can easily raise double 
the average yield per acre over corn planted from 
seed taken at random from the crib. The importance 
of selection of seed from prolific stalks is not half 
appreciated as it ought to be. 

MerJdenherg Co., Va. M. A. Baskervillk. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

The article on the Angoumois Moth is a timely sug- 
gestion. When I lived in North Louisiana (Monroe 
Ouachita Parish), I was told by a successful planter 
that after pulling his com and piling the ears in the 
depression between the rows — in case of a rainfall 
before he could get ready to haul it to the crib — he 
would load it from the pools of water covering it 
and throw it wet into the crib. As the crib was fairly 
ventilated near the "comb" the corn, (still in the 
shuck), would go through a great heat without mold- 
ing in the least, and that after this no weevil or bug 
would touch it. 

Washington, D. C. Attentive Reader. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

One hears this expression often, but is it true, are 

the fields really worn out ? In reply I say no ! I 
think their unproductiveness is due principally to the 
neglect of the owners. If one meets the owner of one 
of tliese fields and asks, why it is not in cultivation, 
tlie unial reply is, it't any account. This is all 
a mistake, which I shall try to prove by giving my 
ex]ierioTice with a piece of this so-called worn-out 

A few years ago I purchased a small farm in 
ITannver Co., Va. Upon it there were about thirty 
acres of open groimd that had been cropped year after 
year until it was considered worthless, and finally al- 
lowed to grow up in sassafras bushes and pines. 

A neighbor who has been living here all his life 
and who has acres of land just as mine were, 
made the remark, that I never would do anything 
with that worthless old farm, but I think he has 
now changed his mind. 

I went to work and grubbed out the bushes then 
liroke it as soon in the spring as possible with a heavy 
two-horse plow, as deep as I could, then let it lay un- 
til about the middle of May, when I took a heavy disk 
harrow and went over it both ways which thoroughly 
cut up the sod, after which I levelled it with a spike 
tooth harrow, and was ready for planting my crop. 

Half the field I planted in com, worked it thor- 
oTighly, and had a much better crop than I expected. 

The rest of the field I sowed in cow peas, in June, 
I picked the dry ones in the fall, and the vines I 
turned under, and then planted the land in com the 
following spring, and harvested a very fair crop, 
since tlien I have always preceded my com with peas 
and clover, and in four years I have more than 
doTibled the yield. 

I now cut the peas and clover for hay, and just 
turn under the sod. 

I liave not used over two tons of fertilizer in the 
ff)ur years. If one is able to use lime and fertilizer, 
they can obtain quicker results. I think I owe the 
increase in crops principally, to deep and thorough 
preparation, and cultivation and the fertilizing 
qualities of the peas and clover. 

I wish some of your readers who have "old fields," 
would take hold and improve them, it can be done 
so easily. 'Tis sad to see fields lying idle and grow- 
ing up in weeds and bushes, that could be made to 
grow such a variety of profitable crops, especially 
forage crops. There is always a cry in this part of 
the State for feed, we can easily have more feed, if 
we go at it and work up what so many consider wast« 
land, all we want to do is to get to work in a busi- 
ness-like way, be more thorough in preparing our 




fields, let us got out of the old nit, try new methods, 
get more labor saving machinery and help and feed 
onr soil, not work it only for what we are to get out 
of it this season, but thinlv of the seasons that are 
to follow ; and last, but not least, watch the Southern 
Planter, we farmers especially here in Virginia can 
not afford to be without it, it is a great friend to us, 
and never fools us, it is good sound sense from cover 
to cover. H. J. Rosbach 

Hanover Co.. Ya. 


Editor Soulhern Planter: 

The subject of applying lime to land so often ad- 
vocated by your valuable paper is receiving more at 
tention now than ever before, at least, in Loudoun 
and the adjoining counties. But the proper amount 
to apply per acre as given by different writers varies 
so much that the average farmer is at a loss to know 
who is right. 

The regulation quantity prescribed by writers in 
most agricultural papers is about 50 bushels per acre, 
applied in the old wasteful way of placing a given 
amount a certain number of feet apart and then 
spreading by shovel after slaking. Often a large 
amount of it resembles shelled corn or hulled wal- 

Now it is an established fact that it is not so much 
the amount of matter that is fed to land or animals, 
but the condition best suited to proper assimilation, 
that seciires the best results. As the tendency of lime 
is always to go do^vn into the land, much of an ap- 
plication of the character described will have passed 
the reach of crop roots before it has accomplished the 
purpose applied for. As most of our lands are defi- 
cient in vegetable matter, large applications of lime 
would be often injiirious rather than beneficial. The 
price of lime and the scarcity of labor makes heavy 
applications impracticable to the average farmer. 
Lime is not in itself a manure or fertilizer, but 
rather an agent of destruction and a creator of 
changes in the nature of the matter already in the 
soil, thus rendering these fit for plant food. Where 
the land is well stored with vegetable matter or plant 
food, large applications of lime produce splendid re- 
sults. Where land has been plowed very deep and 
a large amount of inert matter brought to the sur- 
face, the application of a smaller amount will often 
suffice to correct the mechanical and physical condi- 
tion and unlock latent ingredients and render them 
fit for plant food. Sour land — and that is what 

I believe is the matter with a great deal of our land — 
is not necessarily deficient in vegetable matter but the 
physical, and often the mechanical condition is such 
that the plant food is not available for plant life. 
The application of lime to such land renders it alka- 
line promoting development of bacteria which in turn 
make assimilable the plant food to plant life. In 
this connection I will bring in evidence an article in 
your October number by Mr. Sherman of Fairfax, in 
which is described a most practical test made by him 
on land which he had every reason to believe had 
plenty of vegetable matter in it it being new land. 
Though he had applied phosphate and on part of it 
stable manure, his crop of corn was yellow and sick- 
ly ; and though well cultivated, made a miserable poor 
yield and cow peas and crimson clover sown in the 
corn at the last working, were almost a failure. Next 
year he applied the small amount of 600 lbs. of lime 
per acre (mark the small amount), with the result 
that his corn was green and vigorous from start to 
finish. The season and cultivation was about the 
same each year. His yield was over 50 bushels 
per acres and a splendid stand of crimson clover 
was secured. I hope Mr. Sherman will give lis an 
account of his experience with that land this last year. 
Now this practical test appeals more strongly to the 
average farmer than any theories advanced by writ- 
ers. The application of 600 Hjs. of lime per acre in 
a dry floury condition, evenly applied, with a lime 
spreader or wheat drill, comes luckily within the 
power of the average farmer and at a cost less than 
his present fertilizer bill and would enable him to 
get over his whole farm in one rotation. I will ad- 
mit such an amount would probably have to be re- 
peated frequently but with the generous use of legum- 
inous crops this would mean paying crops and the per- 
manent improvement of his lands. Let us hope that 
others will give their experience of such tests to show 
what would be the proper amount of lime per acre. 
Loudoun Co., Va. loudoun 


Another most interesting line of station work is 
potato spraying with Bordeaux mixture to prevent 
blight and rot ; and the results secured in this fourth 
year of the ten-years' test emphasize the necessity for 
such treatment in almost every potato-growing area 
in the State, and show the possibility of farmers do- 
ing such work successfully and profitably. 

In the station or "ten-year" test, both at Geneva 




and at Riverhead, L. I., successive rows are left un- 
sprayed, sprayed three times during the season, and 
sprayed every two weeks, tlie series being repeated, 
so that one-tenth of an acre is devoted to each method 
of treatment. In 1905, at Geneva, the unsprayed 
rows yielded 122 bushels to the acre, three sprayings 
increased the yield 107 bushels, and five sprayings 
119 bushels. At Riverhead, the yield, unsprayed, 
was 221 bushels, and the gains from three 
and five sprayings were 31 i and 81 bushels, 
respectively. The average gain for four years from 
spraying every two weeks has been 69^ bushels at 
Riverlicad, and 148f bushels at Geneva. 

To show the financial side of the question, the sta- 
tion also supervises "business experiments" carried 
on by farmers with their own labor, apparatus, meth- 
ods and mixtures — ^merely requiring the omission of 

acre, but he gained 136f bushels; so his work with 
the sprayer on 1 7^ acres netted him more than $700. 
r)thers of course did not succeed so well, as the man 
with a quarter acre who sprayed once by hand and 
got an increase of only 2i bushels has rather limited 
opportunity for gain. Even he did not lose, nor did 
any one else of the 33 reporting. 

In the present day of agitation for plant breeding, 
some tests of the influence of selection of seed in 
potato growing are interesting. In weighing the 
yields in spraying experiments, it was noticed that 
adjacent hills varied greatly in weight, and it was 
suggested that tubers from these heavy hills would 
be better for seed than those from light hills. In 
1003 tubers wore taken from 125 hills selected as 
heaviest in five rows, and also from 125 hills giving 
the lightest yields in these rows. These were used 

spraying on representative check rows, and super- 1 for seed in 1904, ten rows being planted from heavy 

vising the weighing of the yield of these rows and of 
similar sprayed rows on either side, in order to se- 
cure a measure of the etfect of the spraying. Exact 
account is kept of the cost of labor and materials, and 
an estimate included for wear of sprayer, so that the 
profit or loss can be determined, as governed by the 
selling price of potatoes at digging time. Thirteen 
such tests were reported in 1905, covering 150 acres, 
with an average gain of 46^ bushels per acre and 
an average net profit of $19.86. Owing to lower 
yields in 1905, the profit is not so great as in 1903 
and 1904, when the gains were $23.47 and $24.86, 

These are thoroughly reliable tests, and should be 
convincing; but some men are so slow to accept as 
possible for the average farmer results with which 
a Station has anything to do, even remotely, that the 
Station also collects data of volunteer experiments 
in wliich the entire operation, from planting the po- 
tato to selling the croj^, is managed by tlie grower 
himself. In 33 sucli experiments in which the yields 
of sprayed and unsiu-ayed rows were actually weighed 
or measured, not estimated, there was an average 
gain of 603 bushels per acre, with an average sell- 
ing price of 55 5-6 cents a bushel. If the cost of 
.'^praying be placed at $4.25 an acre, which was the 
average in the business experiments, these potato 
growers made an average net profit of $25.50 an 
acre. One of these growers reports a gain of 209 
busliels to the acre on 10 acres from only three spray- 
ings. In this case the potatoes on unsprayed areas 
were almost wholly lost through rot. 

Another grower who Ixilieves in many and light 
sprayings made 20 applications, costing him $8 ''an 

liills, five from light, with a gain in crops of 23 
bushels to the acre from the seed from heavy hills. 
Seed selected in the same way from this crop and 
planted in 1905 showed a gain of 61?j bushels from 
the heavy hills. This was with Sir Walter Raleigh : 
:ind seed of Carman No. 3 selreted in 1904 and 
planted in 1905 showed an advantage for the heavy 
hills. — Country Gentleman. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

A correspondent of The Country Gentleman, not 

long since, said: "The Experiment Stations have 
•^li:)\\ii 1)oyond discussion that cob meal, when fed 
to cattle, is fully as valuable, measure for measure, 
as clear meal." The writer is not aware that the 
Stations' have shown the matter quite so strongly 
as that; and it should be remembered that experi- 
ments made in one place under certain conditions, 
may not give the same results when made in another 
place under different conditions, and that "one swal- 
low does not make a summer." 

Sir Lyon Playfair is quoted as saying (and the 
saying is endorsed by John Gould) that it is the pot- 
ash in the cobs which supplies their principal feed- 
ing value. In that case, why not burn the cob, 
put some of the ashes into the feed, thereby securing 
both the fuel and the feeding value. 

Tt is claimed that grinding the cob with kernels, 
douliles tlie bulk of the ration, fills the stomach of the 
animal fuller, and thereby enables the digestive or- 
gans to act more advantageously on the food. If 
tliat be all, it would be far better to increase tbe bulk 
of tlie ration by mixing cut straw, or chaff, with the 
clear meal. 




John M. Stahl, who is a practical farmer, as well 
as an able writer, says, "I have fed cob meal — made 
three trials of it, — and have not been able to get 
much feeding value out of it." 

Waldo F. Brown is an advocate for cob meal, but 
admits that at one Institute in Ohio he "he found but 
few advocates for it, in a large audience, and found 
many who considered it unfit to feed." 

In 1S53, my father, who owned a grist mill, at 
the suggestion of his miller, and the solicitations of 
his customers, built an addition to his mill, put in an 
extra water-wheel, and procured the necessary ma- 
chinery for gi-inding corn and cobs together. The 
expense was five or six himdred dollars, and for a 
time seemed to be a profitable investment. He 
gToimd the com for his regailar customers, and at- 
tracted custom from other mills to such an extent 
that they too had to put in machinery for grinding 
corn on the ear. The additional toll for grinding 
corn and cobs tog-ether was not much, the mill was 
kept in good order, and the meal was ground as fine 
as possible, which, owing to the moisture in the cobs, 
was not always very fine, and the miller was honest ; 
but gradually the corn cob custom fell off, and in less 
than three years had ceased entirely, and the spiders 
spun their webs unmolested over the cob mill. It 
was the same case with every mill in the country 
that put in the "improvement," and I do not loiow 
of any mills that now have the machinery for grind- 
ing corn in the ear; but they all have shellers for 
shelling their customers' corn free of charge. 

What was the cause of such a surprising down- 
fall in the popularity of the cob meal, and cob mills ? 
First, iDCcause the farmers, having given the meal a 
fair trial, not merely once, but a hundred times, 
became fully convinced that the actual value of cobs 
was so little that it did not pay to have them ground, 
and that com in the ear could not be ground so fine 
as the shelled grain. Few farmers keep any old 
corn over for fall and winter feeding, and have to 
begin on the new crop as soon as husked, and conse- 
quently it has to be ground when the colj is full of 
moisture, and it is utterly impossibe to grind it fine. 
If an attempt is made to grind fine, the mill-stones 
will get hot, and begin to rumble and grumble, glaze 
over with dough, go slower and slower, and imless 
raised, will choke up and stop with a full head of water 
on the wheel. I have seen it myself. Then the stones 
must be taken up and the glazing be picked off. 

ISTo class of men were ever more happy than mil- 
lers when the cob craze was over. Theer was no pro- 
fit in grinding cobs and millers were blamed for not 
grinding them finer, when they did the best they 

Let a person take a knife and try whittling a cob, 
he will find that on each side of the cavities where 

the kernels stood, extending to the pith, it is full of 
small, thin, circular plates, hard as a hemlock knot. 
Let him examine the dung of the animals fed on cob 
meal, and he will see these hard, sharp plates have 
not been digested, and could not be digested by the 
stomach of an ostrich, or an anaconda. Then he 
will have doubts as to whether such stubborn sub- 
stances could pass through the long tortuous route of 
the intestines without producing irritation if not 

My experience in feeding cob meal is probably as 
great as any of the Directors of Experiment Sta- 
tions, and it is imfavorable to the feed. 

Hundreds of intelligent and observing farmers in 
this country, who years ago made many fair trials 
of cob meal, have abandoned its use. The experi- 
ence of the many, is more likely to be right than the 
experience of the few. 

J. W. Ingham. 

Prof. Henry in his work on "Feeds and Feeding" 
(and he is one of the best aiithorities in this subject) 
says, "Reasonably fine corn and cob meal has been 
found very satisfactory for stock feeding. Experi- 
ments by the Paris Onmibus Company showed that 
corn and cob meal gave better returns than pure 
corn meal fed to horses." In an experiment made at 
the Kansas Agricultural College in 1884, with ten 
steers divided into two lots of five each, and in which 
one lot was fed corn and cob meal and the other lot 
corn meal, the roughage of both cases consisting of 
oat straw, orchard grass, and clover hay, the com 
and cob meal gave the best daily gain. The result 
of two experiments made showed than on the average 
a pound of com and cob meal was equal to a pound 
of pure corn meal in steer feeding. In an experi- 
ment at the Ohio Station, in feeding dairy cows 
during the corn and cob meal feeding period, the 
yield of milk was one-half pound more daily for 
each cow over the period when cob meal was fed. 
In experiments made at the Xew Hampshire Station, 
^Missouri Station and Kansas Station, in feeding 
hogs, corn and cob meal proved superior to the same 
weight of corn meal in the ISTcw Hampshire and 
Kansas trials, while in j\Iissouri the corn meal was 
more valuable. Pi-of. Henry adds, "Practical ex- 
perience is strongly in favor of using the cob with 
the grain when feeding meal to farm animals. It 
has l)een sugcrested that pure corn meal lies heavy 
in the animal's stomacli, and while in tliis condition 
is not so readily attacked by the juices of digestion. 
On the other hand, the particles of cob, when asso- 
ciated with the meal cause the mass to be loose in 
the stomach in condition for easv digestive action. 





Trucking:, Garden and Orchard. 


Whilst it is too early yet to plant any garden or 
truck crops, except in Tidewater, Va., and Eastern 
North and South Carolina, where Irish potatoes and 
English peas may be planted in the latter half of the 
month if the weather be mild and the ground in good 
working condition, and also small patches of early 
salad cro]is, like radishes and lettuce, which may suc- 
ceed if the weather keeps mild, it is not too early to 
be making the land ready for all the truck and garden 
vegetables. As soon as the land is dry enough to 
plow without sticking to the mould-board, get into it 
and plow fleeply and thoroughly. If plowed in the 
fall, this second plowing sho^ild be across the former 
plowing, so as to thoroughly mix and break the soil. 
Throw it n]^ ^vell so as to freely admit the air and 
snn, and thus result in a warming and drying of the 
soil. After plowing, apply the comjjost heaps, which 
we advised to be made np in the late fall and winter 
months, broadcast and with a very liberal hand. 
Fortj' or fifty loads may, with advantage, be 
put onto an acre of land, and if acid phosphate and 
potash was not mixed in the compost when made, 
500 or 000 pounds of acid phosphate and 200 pounds 
of muriate of potash may be spread, broadcast, per 
acre, in addition to the compost. The compost and 
fertilizer should then be worked into the land with a 
Disc or other cultivator, crossing the working each 
time the land is gone over, so as to thoroughly and 
completely incorporate the manure and fertilizer with 
the soil. It is no use attempting to grow vegetables 
or truck crops of any kind on land that is not rich 
and in the finest state of cultivation. To be profi- 
table and palatable, vegetables of all kinds should be 
growTi quickly, and this cannot be done unless the soil 
is rich and in fine physical and mechanical condition. 
If no compost heaps are available, then some of the 
best rotted manure from the bam and stables should 
be applied to the land, even though the quantity be 
only small compared with what we have above ad- 
vised, and all the vegetable matter, in the shape of 
rotted leaves, weeds and trash, which can be secured, 
should be also applied. The manure will introduce 
microbic life into the soil, upon which largely depends 
the productive capacity of the land. If lime has not 
been applied earlier in the winter, or for several 
years, it should be well to give a dressing of 20 to 25 
bushels to the acre as soon as the land is plowed, and 

lie worked in lightly and be left a couple of weeks be- 
fore applying the manure or compost. Much gar- 
den and truck land is more or less acid, and in this 
condition will not give the best results. It must be 
alkaline before microbic life will work actively in the 
soil and .such a condition is also conducive to the 
best growth of most vegetables. 

As few, if any, of the commercial fertilizers on the 
market are rich enough in potash i"^'''' nitrogen to 
meet the requirements of truciv and vegetable crops, 
it is always best to mix the fertilizers used on tliese 
crops at home, and we therefore give the following 
formulas for the principal crops: Get the materials 
at once from the parties advertising the same in The 
Planter and then mix and have ready for application 
ns soon as land is dry enough to work. Take care to see 
that the mixing is thoroughly done, so as to make an 
even product all through the heap. This is best 
done by putting down on the barn or a dry shed floor 
first a layer of one ingredient and then a layer of 
another, until the whole of the materials are used. 
Then take a shovel and turn over the heap first to 
one side and then to the other until thoroughly mixed, 
carefully breaking all lumps with the back of the 
shovel. If time will permit, it is also an excellent 
plnn to run the whole heap throTigh a ridde and en- 
sure perfect mixing and fine condition thereby, 

For Irish Pofatoes. — Nitrate of soda, 300 poimds; 
cotton seed meal, 600 pounds ; acid phosphate, 800 
pounds; muriate of potash, 300 pounds, to make a 
a ton. Apply at the rate of from 500 to 1,000 
pounds to the acre in addition to compost. 

For Beans and Lettuce. — 300 pounds nitrate of 
soda, SOO pounds cotton seed meal, 600 pounds acid 
phosphate, 300 pounds muriate of potash. Apply 
at the rate of 500 pounds to the acre in addition to 

For Cabbage, Cucumbers, Melons and Canta- 
louprs. — 300 pounds nitrate of soda, 700 pounds cot- 
ton seed meal, 750 pounds acid phosphate, 250 
pounds muriate of potash. Apply at the rate of 
500 pounds to the acre with compost. 

For Asparagus — 200 pounds nitrate of soda, 700 
pounds cotton seed meal, 800 pounds acid phosphate, 
300 pounds muriate of potash. Apply 800 pounds 
to the acre. 

For Tomatoes and Egg Plant. — 200 pounds nitrate 
of .soda, 750 pounds cotton seed meal, 750 pounds 




acid phosphate, 300 pounds muriate of potash. Ap- 
ply at the rate of 600 pounds to the acre. 

For Sweet Potatoes. — 100 pounds nitrate of soda, 
500 pounds cotton seed meal, 1100 pounds acid phos- 
phate, 300 pounds muriate of potash. Apply 500 
pounds to the acre. 

For Peas and Beans. — 100 pounds nitrate of soda, 
450 pounds cotton seed meal, 1200 pounds acid phos- 
phate, 250 pounds muriate of potash. Apply 400 
pounds to the acre. 

Asjjaragus beds should be worked over as soon as 
the ground is dry enough and be covered with a thick 
layer of good, rotted barn-yard manure and fertilizer 
mixed in accordance with the formula given above, 
and then be covered thickly with good soil to the 
depth of 8 or 10 inches. 

The setting out of strawberry plants should re- 
ceive attention as soon as the land can be gotten into 
a good condition. They shoiild get well rooted in the 
groimd before the hot weather sets in if they are to 
make satisfactory growth. Apply potash and phos- 
phate liberally, if the land is not rich. Potash al- 
ways pays on strawbery crops, giving firmness and 
color to the berries. 400 or 500 pounds to the acre 
of muriate or sulphate of potash is little enough to 

Strawberry beds coming into bearing this spring 
should be worked over as soon as the land is in con- 
dition to work and should have a top dressing of 100 
poimds nitrate of soda, 400 pounds acid phosphate 
and 400 pounds muriate of potash to the acre. This 
should be spread down each side of the rows and be 
worked in with the cultivator. Mulch the land with 
pine tags or cut straw or marsh hay free from weed 
seeds, to conserve the moisture and keep the berries 

The planting of the Irish potato crop may be com- 
menced in the last half of the month, if the weather 
be suitable and the land in good order, in Tidewater 
Virginia and Eastern !N'orth and South Carolina. 
Only the earliest varieties should be planted and these 
should be well covered to prevent injury from late 
hard frosts. Fertilize liberally with the mixture ad- 
vised above. As much as 1000 pounds per acre is 
frequently applied by successful growers. This in- 
sures rapid growth and readiness of the crop for the 
earliest sales, when prices are always good. Potato 
planters are now largely used for the setting of the 

crop, and will be found advertised in our columns. 
Where a considerable acreage is planted, they will be 
found economical. One machine in a locality would 
easily plant the crops of several growers. If not 
using a machine lay oif the rows 2 ft. 6 in. apart and 
drop the sets 15 inches apart in the rows. Cut the sets 
to two or three eyes in a piece, and cut as wanted to 
plant It is mistaken economy to cut the earliest 
•arieties into too small pieces. They are not such 
vigorous or strong growers as the later varieties and 
have harder conditions to contend with, and, there- 
fore, should have more substance left to support the 
sprouts until they are well rooted. Consult local 
seedsmen's catalogues for varieties adapted to the 
section vou live in. 

English peas may be planted with safety in the last 
half of the month as they are hardy and will stand a 
fairly hard frost. Land which grew potatoes or cow- 
peas last is well adapted to English peas and will not 
require heavy fertilization. If too heavily fertilized, 
they run too much to vine. Make the rows deep and 
cover the seed 4 or 5 inches, first treading the seed 
into the ground, so as to compact the soil around it. 
Set out in rows 2 ft. 6 in. apart, so as to permit of 
cultivation with horse machine. 

If the mildness of the season continiies and the 
land is dry enough to work properly, fall-planted 
cabbages shoiild have the first cultivation this month, 
and plants may be set out from the seed beds. 

Small patches of lettuce, radishes and cresses may 
be seeded in sheltered spots to take chances for early 



Editor Southern Planter: 

"Be sure you're right, then go ahead." 

Davy Crockett. 

The first and most important item in the raising 
of truck of various kinds for market, is to be sure 
you have a ready market for your produce when 

Second, don't start into truck farming unless your 
farm is convenient to some good shipping j)oint. We 
have seen quite a number of failures resulting from 
undertaking to raise vegetables too far from either 
market or shipping point. 




To make a success of vegetable or fruit raising, 
the vegetables, or fruit, must reach market in at- 
tractive form, and good condition; and the expense 
for hauling to either shipping point or market must 
not be so great as to eat up the profits. 

Third, adaptability of soil to the several crops 
proposed to be raised, or adaptability of crops to 
soils, must receive due consideration. It is simply in- 
viting failure to undertake to successfully raise crops 
requiring heavy soil on light land, or light land crops 
on heavy soils. So, also, it would be the height of folly 
to attempt to raise crops demanding excess of mois- 
ture on drouthy soils, or those requiring a minimum 
anioimt of moisture on low bottom lands, or partially 
drained swamps. Yet, we sometimes see these things 
done; hence our caution on this point. Our advice 
would be, — don't, don't try it. If your soil is not 
suitable to the crop desired to be raised, don't plant 
that crop. If plant it you must, then migrate, and 
keep moving until a soil is found that is suitable. 

Now, inattention to this point is bound to result 
in loss of time, money and patience. Life, at best, is 
but short; there is not enough time in the average 
person's lifetime to justify the frittering of it away 
in idle and useless experiment. 

Fourth, last, but by no means least, we would call 
attention to the fact that it is a natural impossibility 
to grow profitable crops of vegetables on poor, thin 
soils. No greater mistake can be made than to sup- 
pose that, because a soil may be good for any ordin- 
ary farm crop, it would be equally good, by the addi- 
tion of a little manure or fertilizer, for the raising 
of vegetables for market. It takes about three years 
to bring ordinary farm land into the high state of 
cultivation necessary for successful market garden- 
ing. The late Peter Henderson, than whom there was 
no better authority in this country, stated that (on 
land that was already what would be considered by 
every farmer as excessively rich, and in "good heart") 
"We use every spring, at least, seventy-five tons of 
well rotted manure per acre, or alternate it with 1,200 
pounds of best Peruvian guano, or 2,000 pounds of 
crushed bone. The manuring is done only in the 
spring for the first crop; suficient remains in the 
soil to carry through the second crop, etc., etc., suc- 

We quote above as corroborative of another fact, 
to wit: Manure is the sheet-anchor of the market 
gardener. In the absence of manure, or where the 
necessity exceeds the supply, said deficiency may 
be made good by the liberal application of high- 
grade "complete" commercial fertilizers, coupled 

with the turning under of leguminous crops, not so 
much for the nitrogen they furnish as for their hu- 
mus content, not supplied in commercial fertilizers, 
yet indispensable to both soils and crops. Good 
truck crops can only be grown by high-manuring, no 
matter how fertile the land seems. In case the 
manure supply is deficient, a ton or more of high- 
grade fertilizer must be used per acre. The most suc- 
ressful market gardeners are those who do not hesi- 
tate to apply fertilizers (to land that is already rich) 
of a high grade in the most lavish manner. 

Commercial fertilizers are a complete substitute 
for manure, where the needed supply of vegetable 
matter is kept up by other means; but this mainten- 
ance of the humus supply is essential, in fact, indis- 
pensable, for best (i. e., most profitable) results. 

Of manure, 20 to 60 one-ton loads are requisite 
]ier acre. 

A favorite formula with us, and several market 
gardeners of our acquaintance, is one that will ana- 
lyze .5-6-7, or 

Ammonia 5% 

Available phosphoric acid. . .6% 
Potash 7% 

This might be termed a "general garden fertilizer," 
or one about as equally adapted to growing garden 
vegetables in general as any other single combination 
that could be formulated. It may be made at home 
bj "itim.Ttely mixing: 

Nitrate of Soda 200 lbs. 

Cotton Seed Meal 700 lbs. 

Acid Phosphate 840 lbs. 

Sulphate of Potash 260 lbs. 

iluriate of potash may be substituted for the sul- 
phate, if desired, but is not as good, in our estima- 
tion; whilst kainit should seldom be used in the vege- 
table' garden, except for its insecticidal properties, 
or where the more concentrated salts cannot be pro- 
cured. The actual potash content of kainit, is too 
low to be economically used as a fertilizer away from 
the sea coast, or far in the interior, nor does it con- 
tain sufficient quantity to justify its use in any "com- 
plete" high-grade fertilizer. 

Each triick raiser, however, must be his own judge 
.ns to the needs of his own soil, its character and 
fertilizer requirements. No cast iron, inflexible rule 
tliat will suit each individual case can be laid down 
in black and white. No, not even by scientists. 

Miss. G. H. TuEXBR. 






Editor Southern Planter : 

For a great many years past, on account of the 
greater ease and cheapness of the process, nearly all 
the nurserymen liave been raising cherries on the 
Mahaleb stock, a practice which cannot be too strong- 
ly condemned, for while the sour varieties may do 
fairly well on this stock, the sweet varieties, though 
they will apparently start out well, and make a prom- 
ising growth for a year or two, will invariably die 
liefore they come into bearing. I don't hesitate to 
say that the nurseryman who propagates and sells 
such stock, is either ignorant of his business, and 
hence, incompetent, or else he is a person who does 
not scruple to defraud his customers. The common 
belief of late years has gotten to be that it is useless 
to plant sweet cherry trees, as they rarely live to 
bear even a few fruits, and this has arisen from the 
fact that they were on ]\Iahaleb stocks, and hence 
died. Since I have been engaged in raising fruit, I 
have planted some four or five hundred sweet cherry 
tress, but have never seen as many as a dozen cher- 
ries on them, and I am sure that these unfavorable 
results were not caused by local conditions, as I have 
had the same disastrous experience with the Mahaleb 
stock, with different soils, and under varying condi- 

It is very hard to get cherry trees worked on Maz- 
zard stocks. After years of failure, I myself have 
only accomplished it by getting young seedlings from 
about the place. By the way, if you can't find these, 
you cain easily and quickly raise them by sowing the 
seed of sweet cherries. I plant these seedlings where 
they are to stay and after they have grown one year, 
I graft them with the varieties I desire. The way I 
get the grafts is this : I buy the trees from a nursery, 
plant them midway between the seedlings, and take 
the cuttings from these trees, and graft them on the 
seedlings set for the purpose. In this way, I have 
some handsome, healthy yoimg trees on the native 
Mazzard stock, although all the trees from which 
these grafts were taken, are dead, in spite of being 
planted at the same time and in the same way. 


In my opinion, there have been few improvements, 
of late years in the varieties of apples, pears and pos- 
sibly peaches. In their eagerness to sell novelties at 
a high price, the nurserymen have done incalculably 
more harm by superseding our old standard va- 

rieties with inferior fruit than they have done good 
by introducing new varieties of merit. This is es- 
pecially the ease in regard to pears, of which a num- 
ber of either pure Oriental, or varieties mixed with 
that strain have been foisted upon the people with 
the claim that they are blight-proof. There is no 
blight-proof pear. Some of the Oriental ones blight 
worse than the European varieties. It is very for- 
tunate that the most delicious of our Occidental 
pears are the least susceptible to blight, as for in- 
stance the following which I name in their succession 
of bearing. 

Manning's Elizabeth. 


Little JMargaret 



Beurre Clairgeau. 

Winter Nelis. 

Beurre d'Anjou. 


Easter Beurre. 

Duchess d'Augoulerae. 

All the above should be on standard stocks, except 
the last, which may be either on standard or dwarf 


In apples there are no new varieties of such super- 
lative excellence to supersede a single one of the stand- 
ard old varieties. It is useless to enumerate the latter, 
as they are already so well known and every neighbor- 
hood is well aware of the varieties that suit it best, 
an(^ should confine its planting to these. 


There has been a greater improvement in shipping 
and market variety of peaches than in the other 
fruits, and this improvement has been especially 
marked in the ability of the new varieties to resist 
cold and frost, and to bear regular and abxmdant 
crops, although it has generally been at the expense 
of quality. A large proportion of the new varieties 
are descendants, either wholly, or in part, from the 
Chinese cling stone type and most of them inherit 
a tendency to cling, more or less to the stone, though 
some of them are marked "free stone" in the cata- 
logues. Eew of them are "free" in the sense of the 
old fashioned "soft" peaches, nor have they the same 
crystalized sweetness. Eor family use, or for an ap- 
preciative, near by market, no varieties can equal 
those in the subjoined list, in which they are given 
in the order of their bearing: 




Troth's Earlj. 
Large Early York. 
Royal George. 
Mountain Rose. 
Old Nixon. 
Lemon Cling stone. 
Stump the World. 
Heath free stone. 
Heath cling stone. 
IMorris' White. 
Ward's Late free stone. 

Where conditions suit it, Bilyieu's "Comet" might 
be added to the above list. 


Most of the new Japanese v^arieties of plums are 
scarcely worth planting, except for making jelly, as 
they are entirely lacking not only in sweetness, but 
in flavor, even when they stay long enough on the 
trees to ripen, which they seldom do. The Red June 
is one of the best bearers amongst the Japanese plums, 
though it is not of high quality. There are two new 

but in \'irginia, at least, the soil varies so much, even 
in a limited area that you have more or less oppor- 
tunity of selection. Don't plant your trees too close 
together. The roots want plenty of room, and the 
tops want all the air and sunshine they can get, and 
you, too, want plenty of room to work them, and get 
between them and spray them and gather the fruit 
For apples and sweet cherries on Mazzard stock, you 
should allow an interval of 40 feet each way; for 
peaches and standard pears, 25 feet each way; for 
plums, damsons and sour cherries on Mahaleb stock, 
20 feet each way. Don't plant between your trees 
what are commonly called "fillers," unless the land 
is very scarce or high priced. They are a nuisance 
from first to last, making the cultivation and man- 
agement of the orchard much more difficult, besides 
impoverishing the soil and increasing the chancea 
of disease, without bestowing commensurate benefit. 
Do not think your are going to make much money 
by selling fruit, if you are at a distance from a to\vn, 
and are not a professional fruit grower, but just 
1)0 content to have an abundance for your family and 
varieties, "The Climax" and "The Sultan" said to I friends. To make a commercial success of it, you 

be more promising than the others. 

The following are amongst the best of the old Eu- 
ropean varieties: 

The Lombard. 
Green Gage. 
Reine Claude de Bavey. 

Peach stock is as unsuitable for plums as Mahalel) 
for cherries, although on account of its cheapness, it 
was fo'.nerly used a great deal. European varieties 
of plums are much troubled with curculio,but this is 
no harder a problem to contend with than the ex- 
tremely early blooming and the rot of the Japanese 

Let nie advise the fruit grower for home use not 
to plant too many trees. Most people do, and conse- 
quently make a miserable failure from their inability 
to attend properly to them when grown on too ylarge a 
scale. For the average farm or family I should say that 
in all between 50 and 100 well cared for trees would 
be ample. Select carefully the soil for the difiFerent 
kinds of fruit. Put your peaches on the deepest sand, 
your pears and plums on the heaviest clay, and your 
apples on the best loam, with a subsoil permeable 
to their roots and to moisture. You can't expect fine 
apples, even if the top soil is rich if that 
under it is hard pan or rock. Of course, it 
rarely happens that a farm house will be surrounded 
by just such soils as would best suit different fruits, 

have to be a jjrofessional orchardist, with the re- 
quisite energy and skill for carrying on the. enter- 
prize and the soil and location of your orchards mOSt' 
te just right. 

Don't quarrel with the fruit tree agent or peddler. 
ITc is rarely tlie shark he is represented to be; but 
is generally some callow youth, or broken down old 
man who is trying to make a little money to better 
his condition. It isn't his fault, that you have to 
pay him, at least, double as much as you should. The^ 
nursery is responsible for that, and your lack of "fn- 
forming yourself. The only trouble about him is 
that he is as a rule, as ignorant of the quality and 
clr.iracter of the fruit he tries to sell you, as of the 
'luality and character of the nursery he represents. 
Tn buying fruit trees more than anything else, the 
farmer is at the mercy of the party from whom he 
purchases, so it behooves him to get as near as pos- 
sible to the responsible party, and to dispense with in- 
termediarie?. Buy your trees from the most reliable 
nursery you know of, and buy of the best quality they 
liave, preferably young, thrifty trees. On no account, 
buy a tree over two years old, and those of one year 
nld are still better. 

Camphell Co , Ya. J. Cabell Eablt. 

(Mr. Early is noted in his section as a most suc- 
cessful fruit grower, and, therefore, his advice is de- 
serving of attention. — Ed.) 




Live Stock and Dairy. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

These cattle are rapidly occupying the richer and 
more important dairy sections of this country, hence 
there is a great demand for information in regard to 
them and some of this may be of interest to readers 
of the "Southern Planter." These cattle were intro- 
duced from the provinces of North Holland and 
Friesland, a section of the Kingdom of Netherlands, 
bordering on the North Sea, commonly called Hol- 
land. The dairymen of these provinces are descen- 
dants of the ancient Friesians and their cattle are 
lineal descendants of the cattle bred by them two 
thousand years ago. From the earliest times of 
dairy husbandry these cattle have been used and de- 
veloped for dairy purposes. The type of the breed 
is technically called the milk and beef form. It is 
especially strong in all vital particulars. The bones 
are line compared with size, and the chine broad and 
strong compared with the high and sharp chine of 
the extreme milk form. Compared with the angu- 
larity usually sho\vn in the milk form these cattle 
are broad and smooth, but of lighter weight than in 
the beef form. The general appearance of the bull| 
i.* strongly masculine, but that of the cow is no less' 
feminine than in the milk form. 

This breed excels in milk production, it is superior 
or veal production and also valuable for beef. 

There can be no profit in animals that consume 
only the necessary food for support. The more they 
consume, digest and assimilate above this, the more 
profitable. Dairy animals should by no means be 
choice in the quality of their food. Cows that will 
freely consume the roughage of our farms and trans- 
mute it into valuable products, — milk, butter, veal, 
r beef, — are more valuable than those that require the 
' costlier commercial feeds. 

Quantity of production and persistency of milk- 
ing, during long periods are well kno^Ti characteristic 
of this breed. If well cared for, Holsteins will jjro- 
duce from 5,000 to 6,000 pounds of milk in ten 
months and even more with each increasing year. 
The quality of this milk will range from 3 to 4 per 
1 cent, fat, and from 9 to 10 per cent, solids, not 
fat. Dairymen handling cows of this breed do not 
hesitate to admit that their milk contains a lower per- 
centage of fat than the milk of Jersey and Guernsey 
cows. But in view of their enormous production of 


milk, they assert that they average more butter per 
cow, and that they produce a larger margin of profit. 

That the Holsein-Friesian is unapproached by any 
breed of cattle in the production of large quantitie,? 
of milk, no one will deny. Observation leads one to 
believe that the highest yields of butter have been ob 
tained from cows yielding the largest quantities of 
milk. This seems also to apply to the cows of the 
other breeds and the results of the official tests of 
the Jerseys at the World's Fair, confirm this view. 

The quality of the butter produced by this breed, 
so far as tests have been made, shows that it is equal 
to that of any other breed. Quality in butter de- 
pends; first, on the healthfulness of the cows (no 
breed is more healthy than this) ; second on the food 
and drink of the cows, and lastly on the ability of the 
butter maker. 

The Holstein-Friesian bull possesses a vigorous 
constitution, above, we believe, that of any other 
dairy breed. Hence, his value for grading iip or- 
dinary dairy herds. It appears thus far, that success 
in cross-breeding depends on using bulls of the more 
vigorous breed, and cows of the less vigorous. 

Cumhcrland Co., Ya. Ja.s. H. Fi?aser. 



Editor Southern Planter: 


In answer to your request, I do not think I can 
do better than to give, briefly, my experience with 
Poland Chinas. When I determined to raise pure- 
bred hogs, the first question was "what breed?" I 
had a decided preference for the Berkshire, as at that 
time I knew more of that breed than of any other. T 
noticed, however that the great hog raising States 
were using the Poland China, almost exclusively, 
and I knew that the Western Yankee would not con- 
tinue to do this, unless there was a reason for it. An 
investigation satisfied me that the Poland China 
piade more meat on the same amount of feed than 
any other breed, that they fattened easily at any age, 
were strong, healthy and made good mothers, and as 
bred at present the grain of the meat was as fine as 
the best. The old time Poland China, big boned, 
spotted and coarse had given way to the short-legged, 
bloeky, brond backed, smooth pig, covered with a fine 
suit of black hair, with white points the triumph of 
American ingenuity and skill in breeding. It's ear 




is a distinguishing feature, falling forward over the 
eyes insjead of flaring back as in the Berkshire. Ex- 
cept for the ear and the dish-face the Berkshire might 
be taken for the Poland China, indeed some people 
not familiar with the breeds, do confuse them. 

1 attended the World's Fair at Chicago and bought 
a son of the champion prize winner "J. H. Sanks," 
to head my herd, and a good one he turned out to be, 
'"ilonticello" I named him. To study the characte- 
ristics of animals and develope and imjjrove them by 
mating is an art that takes all ones time and atten- 
tion and this becatise of other engagements I could 
not give. I instead adopted this rule, whenever I 
found a liog who had taken sweepstakes in a number 
of the great hog raisiug States, and demonstrated his 
preeminence, I bought one of his pigs for my herd. 
In this way I soon got together a herd that could not 
be surpassed in breeding in the United States, the 
sons and daughters of Klevers Model, Chief Tecum- 
eeh 2nd, Look me Over, Perfect I know. Proud Per- 
fection, Corrector, High Roller and others noted in 
the breeds history. 

The prices paid by the Southern buyer are very 
small in comparison with those of the West, some of 
the hogs I have named sold for from $2,500.00 to 
$7,000.00 each. And these high prices have been 
going on for many years. Sometime since I sent to 
a large auction sale of Poland Chinas bids for any six 
gilts at $50.00 each. I did not get a pig, the lowest 
bringing over $100.00. The Southern farmer can 
hardly get his consent o give $25.00 for a sow bred 
from a sow of a World's Fair Champion, or $10.00 or 
$15.00 a pair for pigs. 

ily wife used to laugh at iiie when I spoke of a 
handsome hog, holding that all hogs were ugly. 
After I had had these fine hogs for sometime and she 
had become accustomed to looking at their square 
forms, broad backs, deep, well rounded hams, and 
shining, smooth coats of black with white points, we 
were one day out driving when an old timer, a tall, 
long-legged, narrow hog, with curved spine, ears like 
an elephant, and a greyish coat of coarse bristles 
crossed the road ; "Now, I understand," she said 
thoughtfully, as she caught sight of the beast, "what 
you mean by a Tiandsome hog.' " 

Hog raising in the South is a gTowing industry, 
and is destined to attain arrpat proportions. The ad- 
vantages the cotton states offer are numerous and it 
will not be-iong before these States will be raising all 
the bacon they consume. One most important thing 
is to begin right — to get good stock. A well-bred pig 
makes more growth in proportion to feed than anv 

iitiier living animal. A Poland China will make 200 
jiounds of bacon on thesame corn that it requires for 
a 100 ))oimd razor back. Corn in the South is valu- 
able. Give a big price if necessary to get a well-bred 
animal who will mark his offspring with his own 
sjilendid characterisics. I have paid $40.00 and 
$.")0.00 apiece for turkeys in order to get the best in 
tiie country, and I found them money makers. The 
same principle applies to raising hogs, cattle, sheep 
and every thing on the farm, imless it be horses. In 
iirder that the latter be money makers, many things 
enter in besides high priced breeding stock. 

Albemarle Co., Va. S. B. Woods. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

The time has come when the stock man of Vir- 
ginia ought to be ashamed to breed cattle ticks on 
their farms when the manner of exterminating this 
j)arasite is now known to be a simple and practical 

I cannot think that there is one Veterinarian in 
the United States who does not thoroughly under- 
stand the life history of the cattle tick (Boophilus 
Annulatus) as well as its relation to Texas cattle 
fever. Therefore it is a waste of time and money 
for the State to do further experimenital work along 
the line of working with the tick. We know it to be 
dangerous and expensive to entertain^ yet easy to get 
rid of, then why not all work together to thoroughly 
clean our State of such a useless, yet expensive para- 
site ? 

Knowing, as we do, that the cattle tick not only 
does not go from one cow, or animal, to another, but 
furthermore, does not reprodiice its kind while on 
the animal's body ; but has to drop to the ground and 
there deposit its eggs, from which the next crop of 
ticks spring, the young hatching, though never de- 
veloping until they can get on the cattle, from which 
X\\cy obtain their nourishment, we can plainly see 
that if cattle are not allowed to go next year where 
ticks were dropped this season, the result will be 
tliat when the young ticks hatch they will die from 
starvation if no cattle come along to which ^hey can 
attach themselves. 

The "No fence law" simply means that every 
man must fence his own cattle; that is he cannot al- 
low them to nm at large or on the Commons, as it 
i^ called. In the counties which have not the above 
law, a farmer is compelled to keep a lawful fence, ten 
rails, to prevent cattle irom the commons trespassing 




on his farm. Of course the result is that there are 
few lawful fences, followed by the still worse result 
that the people who do not care to keep their cattle at 
home simplj allow them to run all over the neighbor- 
hood and pasture any where except at home. The 
no-fence law means that every man's line is his fence, 
•^hus he does not have to fence against his neighhor s 
cattle, yet cannot allow his own to run at large. There- 
fore, where there is a "no-fence law" cattle are not 
allowed to run on the commons, and use the same 
ground every year, thus never allowing the ticks to 
die out in a neighborhood. 

Another way that the farmer often gets rid of the 
ticks on his farm, though he may not realize that he 
is doing so, is by the rotation of crops; pasturing the 
tield this year, and cultivating it next. In fact, any 
method which prevents cattle from using the pasture, 
nr ground on which the eggs have been deposited and 
young ticks have hatched, will soon clean that vicini- 
ty of ticks. Wliat a simple method if all of the cattle 
men would only realize it ! 

However, we do not want to rely solely upon the 
two above mentioned ways of getting rid of the cattle 
tick, for we need to be in a hurry about this and, 
therefore, use every practical way possible in addition 
to the enforcement of the "no-fence law" and the 
practice of crop rotation. 

While the "no-fence law" and the rotation of crops 
on the farm, will, I believe, in a few years clean any 
county in this State of cattle ticks, at the same time 
T advise the careful inspection of all cattle this spring, 
suumiQr and fall in the vicinities where the ticks 
were allowed to drop last fall. 

Furthermore, when an animal is found to have 
even one tick on its body, get that animal up in a 
stall where you can look it over thoroughly. Pick 
off every tick that you can find, then apply sulphur 
and lard lightly, so as not to interfere with the health 
of the animal, as very little grease will kill 'the very 
?-mall ticks when it is applied directly over them ; 3 
<ir 4 such inspections will usiially get all of the crop, 
and if you have burned the ones that you picked off, 
the result will be that your farm will soon be entire- 
ly free from cattle ticks. 

Sulphur, fed with the salt, is another way of keep- 
ing ticks off the cattle, as they do not thrive well when 
they come in contact with the sulphur, while the lat- 
ter is being thrown off from the cow's body through 
the pores of her skin. 

Not only should the animals be carefully inspect- 
ed several times that we have the slightest cause to 
l)elieve that they have been exposed to an infected 

field — that is, where ticks were dropped last season — 
but such animals must be kept in a small field, (one 
that you are going fto cultivate when you take the cat- 
tle out, or else put sheep or hogs on this pasture) ; in 
other words, quarantined where there can be no 
chance of even one tick being dropped where it will 
deposit eggs and the young ones get on to cattle. 

In the opinion of the writer, if the counties which 
are now in quarantine will only get the Board of 
Supervisors to recommend to this oifice — that is, to 
the State Veterinarian, here at the Virginia Poly- 
technic Institute — several good, practical cattle men, 
and request that the said State veterinarian ap- 
]ioint these men as local inspectors for said county, 
the work to be done under the supervision of the 
State Veterinarian, but the coimty in question to pay 
said inspectors, the result will be that said coimties 
will soon be above 'the quarantine line. 

The ticks are the cause of this line, now remove 
the ticks, get entirely rid of the ticks, and show me 
that you are in a position to protect yotir county 
from the infected territory in this, as well as in any 
other State, and I will see that yonr county is taken 
out of quarantine. 

You must have some good local inspectors to attend 
to this work, if not, some one is occasionally going to 
drive some cattle from the infected portion of the 
country across your place, and there drop a tick. 
Some one mustt be on the lookout for this. The in- 
spectors should be required to watch and report the 
slightest violation of the law, not only by cattle men 
from the adjoining counties, biit by the farmers them- 
selves when they have quarantined cattle on a farm. 
Stock so quarantined by the inspectors must be kept 
so until by them released. Some men are really pro- 
tecting the tick by saying that cattle ticks do no harm. 
This is folly, as they are the cause of the loss of thou- 
sands of dollars every year. We do not want them 
in Virginia any longer, we can get rid of them, there- 
fore, we should. 

J. G. Feenethough, 
State Veterinarian. 
Experiment Station, Blaclshurg, Va. 


Editor Sovtkern Planter: 

If our good editor will permit it, the wi'iter would 
"biitt in" this month with some very practical sheep- 
doctor talk. These observations are founded iipon 
some bitter experiences, and what has beten learned 
may help some fellow in trouble. The time of the 




year has come for the annual uprising in rebellion of 
sheep stomachs, and you may as well arm yourself. 

I shall begin at the practical end of the talk. The 
sheep's stomach is a very complicated affair, and I 
think every sheep man should know something about 
it, but you can wait to study up the anatomy. You 
want to know what to do with that sick lamb or sick 

Impaction and colic are the two stomach troubles 
so common in the winter and spring months. 

There are three kinds of impaction that can be 
easily distinguished — the impaction of the first stom- 
ach, the impaction of the third stomach and the im- 
paction of the fourth stomach. Thank the good Lord 
the second stomach can't "impact." If you get mix- 
ed up in your arithmetic about the stomachs, you can 
wait for our lesson in anatomy. And now we will 
see what causes these troubles and how you may recog- 
nize them. 

Some morning, after feeding your ewes a large 
grain ration an hour or two before, you go down to 
let your sheep out of the shod and you will find one 
old ewe lag behind in the shed. She will withdraw 
to a corner of the shed with ears hanging down and 
an anxious look on her face. If you approach, you 
will hear occasional grunts. You notice her left side 
is rather large, and when you press on it, it is not 
elastic like a bloated sheep, but yielding and doughy. 
You remember seeing a ewe stray behind the flock 
one evening when you went to drive them out of the 
wheat field. She was affected the same way and died 
two days later, after much suffering. Both were 
strong, healthy ewes and heavy feeders. The first 
got to a big pile of grain and gulped down too much, 
the other got too much wheat. This is inipaction of 
the rumen, or first stomach, and it is very common in 
winter when sheep get very hungry. It is no simple 
matter. What you do, you must do quickly. If 
you wait until the walls of the rumen become thor- 
oughly paralyzed and inflammation sets in, your 
sheep is a goner. A big dose of epsom salts, if ad- 
ministered quickly, is apt to start up motion in the 
rumen and force out some of the packed material. It 
is well to give along with it as a stimulant, a tea- 
spoonful of aromatic spirits of ammonia. If there 
is no relief in an hour, try a dose of one-half oimce 
in a pint of water. If this fails, the only chance to 
save the sheep is an operation, which is not advisable, 
unless it is a valuable breeding ewe. Some times a 
large lamb will come up in the afternoon off the 
wheat in this condition. You will have to hustle to 
save him. An enema of soapy water with a little 

epsom salts in it may open up the bowels and encour- 
age the breaking away of the mass in the rumen, 
^lany a fine lamb dies in the spring from this. He 
will generally be about the largest and greediest in 
the bunch. 

Sometimes you will find a ewe with neck straight, 
frothing at the mouth, grunting with pain, breathing 
quickly, and often starting up with wild and uncer- 
tain movements followed by great exhaustion. There 
is no distension of the abdomen. The sheep may not 
have eaten very much. She is apt to be a sheep of 
weaker constitution than others. The trouble often 
occurs when sheep are taken from grass and given 
dry food, or sometimes change from a very abundant 
pasture to one that furnishes little nutrition. In the 
South, changing sheep in the late fall from clover and 
orchard grass to half dead Bermuda, would often fur- 
nish the conditions. You have impaction of the 
third stomach now. I never saw this in lambs. Just 
as soon as you see it, give about one pint of linseed 
oil and follow this with epsom salts, or aloes within an 
hour. This sheep is completely off feed, does not 
chew her cud and nothing will induce her to eat. If 
she does not eat, she will siirely die. Her strength 
must be maintained, and you must stimulate her 
nervous system, which is all torn to pieces. Every 
two hours give her, as a drench, about three ounces 
of warm oat meal gruel. As a stimulant, use whis- 
key or aromatic spirits of ammonia. Some advise 
strychnine, but I never used it. Twice a day you 
should administer an enema of soapy water with a 
little salts. You have go<t to hustle to save the life. 
As you want the drench to pass right on to the third 
stomach, or manyplies, you must administer it slow- 
ly. It will be explained later why yoii must drench 
a sheep in different ways to bring the drench to the 
right stomach. 

If you keep the sheep going for four or five days, 
you can pull her through if you can get the appetite 
back. The best thing for this is a good tablespoon- 
ful of the standard tomic mixture ; eqvial parts of sul- 
pha-te of iron, ginger, gentian and rhubarb. In such 
a case, you could make pills of it with a little butter 
and push it down the throat, or you could wash it 
down by shaking in a drench bottle and drenching 

The impaction of the fourth stomach is found only 
in lambs, but with them it is probably the most com- 
mon of all complaints in tbe winter, especially in case 
of lambs you are forcing by feeding cow's milk. The 
lamb gets dull and stupid, is imwilling to move, the 
belly is very tender and often swollen, the breathing 




is rapid and sometimes passes into painful panting. 
I know you recognize this trouble and have lost many 
a fine sheep from it. If you are only fortimate 
enough to see the lamb soon after it is taken, you can 
save it. The whole trouble is due to the curdling of 
large quantities of milk in the fourth stomach, thus 
packing up and stopping effectively the whole diges- 
tive apparatus. Such lambs are generally much con- 
stipaited, but often are aifected with white scours. 
The white scours probably being only the water 
squeezed out of the ciirdled milk, though there is 
some dispute about this last fact. I have seen very 
few lambs with the white scours, and never examined 
one that died of it, but I have noticed fthat they are 
affected just as I have described, and I judge the 
cause is the same. 

The first thing is to get the pile of curdled milk 
dissolved. Bi-carbonate of soda will do this. Give 
it in thin gruel of oat meal every hour. Give a tea- 
spoouful of soda in about four ounces of gruel. Fol- 
low this with castor oil, and give an enema of soapy 
water containing a little salts. You must work on 
such lambs at both ends, and lose no time about it. 
If the lamb gets very weak, give it a teasponful of 
aromatic spirits of ammonia in ioxir ounces of water. 

Sheep affected with impaction of any kind will not 
eat for days, and this often brings on death. Never 
let a sheep die jiist because it loses strength from 
want of food. Get a drench bottle and make it take 
food. It is proverbial that a sick sheep wont eat. 
Make it eat. Nutriment is necessary, except in 
very rare instances, to help man and beast out of 
most any trouble. 

Colic is not so common among sheep, especially 
older sheep, but is quite common in lambs fed on 
cow's milk, or lambs whose mother's milk has been 
rendered, through some cause, unsuited to them. Of- 
ten when ewes are penned up for several days and 
can get no exercise, there will be two or three cases of 
colic. You can easily tell it ; colicky pains, getting up 
and lying down, grinding teeth, and so forth. The fol- 
lowing is a sure cure: One teaspoonful of ginger, 
one teaspoonful of ether in four ounces of water. A 
rectal injection of soapy waiter will often prove bene- 

We have not completed the common stomach trou- 
bles, but yon have enough to help you through this 
month. H. B. Aebuckle. 


The University cattli« which won third prize at the 

Fat Stock Show in Pittsburgh last week in competi- 
tion with the world, were the last of six carloads pur- 
chased three years ago for the purpose of determining 
the influence of age upon the cost of beef production, 
which the Experiment Station is conducting in co-op- 
eration with the Federal Department of Agriculture. 

One-third of this original bunch of cattle was fin- 
ished as yearlings, and topped the Chicago market for 
a year. The second tliird was finished as two year 
olds, and also topped the Chicago market for th« 
year. The third portion of these cattle won third 
prize, as stated above, and topped the Pittsburgh 
market for heavy cattle, bringing $7.10 per hundred, 
the next best load of heavy cattle bringing $6.50. 

They were high grade Herefords, purchased in the 
neighborhood of Columbia. 

In the meantime, the Experiment Station, has in 
the same experiment, matured one bunch of yearling 
.\ngus and a bunch of yearling Shorthorns. They 
now have on feed ninety Shorthorns, with a view to 
covering the same ground with a different breed. 

In addition to the test of the influence of age upon 
the rate of cost of gain, these cattle were divided into 
lots of eight each and fed different grain rations on 
pasture, one group receiving shelled corn alone, an- 
other, one-fourth cottonseed meal and three-fourths 
shelled corn, another one-fourth linseed meal and 
three-fourths shelled corn, another one-fourth gluten 
meal and three-fourths shelled corn, all having access 
to equally good grass. 

In the case of the yearlings and two year olds, a 
more rapid gain and, as a rule, a cheaper gain, was 
made on the mixed feeds than on com alone. It is 
also true that in every case the younger cattle, re- 
ceiving mixed feeds, became fatter, carried a better 
bloom, and were, from every point of view, more 

In the case of three year old or the mature cattle, 
however, the difference in the rate and economy of 
g.'iin between straight com and the mixed feeds was 
almost inappreciable, and there was not a marked dif- 
ference in the fatness of the different groups. 

H. J. Waters, Dean. 

Agricultural College, Mo. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

It is a little over three years since I bought the 
first registered Galloway cattle to come to this State — 
Gloucester county, Virginia. As, with the exception 




of one man who has just started a herd, I am still the 
only breeder of these cattle in the State, it -would 
seem proper for me to let others know how they have 
thrived in their new home. 

Well, in the first place, they have been satisfacto- 
ry. I am willing to tie to them as a beef breed in 
preference to all others for this location. If I were 
in a tip top blue grass country, I would be much 
tempted to keep Shorthorns — the most magnificent 
cattle in the world. If I had to fit cattle for mar- 
ket in the feed lot without any grazing, I believe the 
Angus would make the most money, as they are the 
smoothest of all and will top the market. If I want 
ed to run a dairy and raise beef steers, and only keep 
one breed of cattle, the Red Polls would fill the bill 
about the best. But, for a beef breed, when pasture 
is the only consideration, and when the cattle are re 
quired to eat a great deal of rough stiiff, and where 
ihey have to stand in much falling weather in winter, 
the Galloway is without rival. To do the Hereford 
cattle justice. I must say here that they may do as well 
on grass as the Galloways, or a little better on very 
rich grass, but as the Galloways will beat on rough 
grass, call it even. Then when the winter comes on 
and you want your rough hay and fodder to form a 
large part of your ration, the shaggy blacks will show 
their superiority, and if you give them their choice 
lietween shelter and out doors, they will stay oiitside. 
unless the wind be blowing a storm. Xo cattle like 
wind, but the Galloways don't mind the coldest rain 
that ever fell, as, indeed, it never reaches their skin. 

In the January issue of the Southern Planter, Pro- 
fessor Soule gave a very good description of the Gallo- 
ways, but there are a few points I would like to em- 
phasize liefore I close. These are the stax)ng points 
of the breed, as I have found them: — 1, Very proli- 
fic. I have average a little better than 100 7c calf 
crop since the first year. 

2. Indifferent io had weather. 

3. Great cattle to dispose of coarse grass and rough- 
age. They do not discard rough feed when they are 
given good feed along with it, as more delicate feed- 
ers sometimes do. 

4. Great prepotency. A Galloway bull will ni.ike 
his grade calves look more like pure breds than any 
other sire. 

Prof. Soule thinks the coats of hair will not be so 
good here as in the Xorth. I see no difference be- 
tween here and the middle West. 

X. S. Hopkins. 
Gloucester Co., Va. 


Editor liouthcm Planter: 

The winter feeding of beef cattle is a problem of 
nnich importance to our farmers, whether they be 
engaged in the rearing of calves or yearlings or the 
;naking of export cattle. In all three cases the ani- 
mals have to be carried through the winter, and the 
question is how to do this at the least cost and insure 
tiie largest niimber of pounds of gain. Ordinarily, 
calves as now feed and handled gain from 50 to 100 
pounds during a winter feeding period of from 120 
TO ISO days. At best, yearlings rarely more than 
hold their own, while export steers very often shrink 
as much as 100 pounds. At the present time, the 
farmer depends almost entirely on blue grass to make 
.'■11 the gain and growth he obtains on his cattle, and 
while it is clearly recognized that blue grass is an 
ideal food, as under the most favorable circumstances 
it i.= only available for six months of the year, it is 
apparent that the animals practically stand still 
for the balance of the time. The economics of this 
jirobleui have not been worked out, but it hardly seems 
that ihe farmer can afford to maintain his animals for 
nothing for at least half of the year, and certainly 
not when it is considered that he is feeding enough 
food if given under better conditions and environ- 
ment and in a different form, to insure considerable 
gain in weight, whereas now there is frequently a 
loss. It is quite possible that beef animals that are 
now kept for three years could be finished at compara- 
tively little more cost in from two to two and a half 
years at least, and attain a weight of 1350 pounds, 
thus insuring the animals being of a sufficient weight 
for export purposes, if they were well finished and 
possessed of sufficient quality. 

The practice of winter feeding in the open on 
blue grass sod is well suited to certain conditions of 
the South where the land is hilly and broken, and it 
would be well nigh impossible to haxil the com off 
and feed it and re-distribute the manure over the 
groimd. In many other places, however, where the 
jiractice is followed, and particularly on moderately 
sized farms, there is no reason why the stover often 
allowed to go to waste should not be utilized to ad- 
viintage. Silos might also be erected and provide a 
cheap and succulent form of food that would enable 
the owner of the cattle to obtain nearly as m.inv 
pounds of l>eef per head per day as his animals would 
make on blue grass and at comparatively little greater 

The form of roughness fed in the winter has a 




marked influence on the rate of gain and on the con- 
dition of the animal at the end of the feeding period. 
Tt is clearly shown by results that silage, which can 
he grown on every farm in the South at a low cost, is 
more valuable nnder certain conditions for beef pro- 
duction than timothy hay, costing four to six times 
as much per ton. It is also interesting to observe 
that shredded stover, so often neglected or fed with 
comparative indifference, because it is regarded as 
& cheap roughness and almost a waste product on 
the farm, compares fairly well with the much more 
expensive and highly prized timothy hay. It is 
quite clear, from the figures presented in this report, 
that the feeding value of timothy hay is frequently 

The feeling is general among farmers thai timothy 
liay is too expensive to feed to beef cattle during the 
winter time, especialy when they are making no prac- 
tical gains, and recognizing that beef production con- 
stitutes one of the chief industries of the Soitth, it 
seems very important that some effort should be made 
to discover, if possible, forms of roughness which 
could be substituted to advantage for timothy hay and 
which would insure satisfao^ory gains being made 
through the winter feeding period. With this idea 
in mind, an experiment was undertaken last fall with 
sixty head of beef cattle for the purpose of comparing 
the relative feeding value of silage, stover and timo- 
thy hay. The cattle were divided into six groups of 
ten animals each. Thirty of the animals were steers 
and thirty were heifers. These animals are Avhat 
would be classed as second or third grade. They 
were not "tops" or "picks" by any means, but repre- 
sent a class of animals of which there are entirely too 
many in the country, but which, nevertheless, are, 
such as a large mimber of farmers attempt to feed 
with unsatisfactory results, and when their true char- 
acter and condition are understood, it is not surpris-i 
ing that they should fail to make satisfactory gains.! 
Both the quality and condition of cattle are factors 
that should be borne in mind in considering the re- 
sults, because some might conclude, as no profit was 
sho-^vn, that the winter feeding of beef caittle cannot be 
engaced in profitably in the South. This would be 
a fal=e conclusion, and the object in using just this 
class of cattle was to demonstrate very clearly that one 
of the greatest drawbacks to the beef business at the 
present time is the difliculty of securing a grade of 
animals that will make uniform gains for a rational 
consumption of food. 

In experiments which have been conducted with a 
superior grade of cattle, a pound of gain has been 

made for the consumption of about half as much grain 
as was used in the present test, showing very clearly 
that with certain classes of animals fed on the farms, 
the power of assimilation and digestion has not been 
well developed, and on that account these animals 
will always be expensive and imsatisfactory to feed 
and handle. For instance, in our experience, cattle 
have been fed for 180 days on rations somewhat simi- 
lar to those used in this experiment, and when 
slaughtered, dressed oiit from 61 to 03 per cent, of 
the live weight, whereas, animals of inferior breeding 
and quality, when fed similar rations, failed to dress 
out more than 54 to 56 per cent of the live weight. 
There was a difference, therefore, of from 6 to 9 
pounds between the two sets of animals, which means 
that in one instance there were 9 pounds more of 
offal, or at best cheap meat, worth from 2 to 4 cents 
per pound, whereas, in the other case, from 6 to 9 
pounds of choice meat, worth from 12 to 15 cents, 
was obtained. Is not this a striking example of the 
value of improved blond to the cattle feeder ? Those 
who contemplate the winter feeding of beef cattle 
should first determine to secure the right class of 
animals, and unless they can do so, it woiild be better 
for them not to attempt to feed at all unless they are 
sure of a wide margin between the buying and selling 

Another question which is of considerable concern 
to feeders, generally speaking, is the merit of heifers 
for beef-making purposes. Considerable prejudice 
exists against them and whether well founded or not 
is still a question of controversy. There is no reason 
for believing that there is as much difference between 
steer and heifer beef as is sometimes thought to be 
the case : lienee, a comparison of the two classes of 
animals was xmdertaken. Furthermore, in many sec- 
tions, and particularly where grass is not good, the 
farmers depend more generally on feeding cattle 
through the winter and selling them before grass 
comes in the spring: consequently, the problems in- 
volved in the present test have a wide application. 

It is generally felt that feeding grain to cat'tle in 
any considerable quantities, where they are to be 
turned on grass is a mistake. Also, that silage, if 
constituting the sole roughness for beef animals, will 
not be satisfactory, as they are certain to drift when 
turned on grass. Further, a wonderful prejudice ex- 
ists against the use of silage in any form for beef 
making, because it is thought that a watery food like 
silage cannot be satisfactory, and that the animals 
will make no greaiter gains on silage than on dry food. 
These ideas are not sustained bv results ob- 


THE souther:n~ planter 


tained in this and in former feeding trials, as the sil- 
age-fed cattle made much larger gains, showed more 
quality at the end of the feeding trial, and in any 
discriminating market would have brought a consid- 
erably higher price than the other animals. The fact 
that silage is admirably adapted for the nourishment 
of cattle through the winter time is borne out by the 
fact that they make such fine growth and development 
on blue grass, which contains about 65.1 per cent, of 
water as compared with 70.8 per cent, of water in 
silage. Blue grass, on the other hand, is richer in 
protein than silage made from corn, but when this is 
offset by feeding souie food rich in that element along 
with the com an ideal fattening ration is obtained, 
and one, everything considered, that compares re- 
markably well with grass. 

While there is room for the development of every 
phase of our live stock interests, the grazing of beef 
cattle is much better understood than the winter feed- 
ing. Furthermore, in many sections of the South, 
sum.mer grazing cannot be practiced, owing to the 
shortness of the grass, but the winter feeding of cat- 
tle might be developed into a permanent business 
were it clearly \inderstood that they could be fed and 
handled to advantage on cheap forms of roughness, 
which can be grown on every farm in the State. 

The cattle selected for the trial were piit on pre- 
liminary feeding for ten days. The experiment prop- 
er commenced on November 17th and continued im- 
til May 18th, or 180 days. An effort was made, not 
only to compare the value of silage, stover and hay, 
but of linseed meal and cottonseed meal, when fed 
with corn and cob meal. Com and cob meal must, of 
necessity, constitute the basis of a ration for the win- 
ter feeding of beef cattle, because it is the chief ce- 
real growth in the South and costs less in proportion 
than any other that can be utilized with satisfactory 
results. For a long time, it was believed that com or 
corn and cob meal alone was the only form of grain 
which could be fed to advantage for fattening purpos- 
es. It now seems clear, however, that some form 
of concentrate rich -n protein can be added to the 
ration with decided advantage and profit. Which 
one of these feeds should be selected is often the 
question, but it would seem, from the work that has 
been done, that if the food is palatable, its merits 
will depend largely on the content of digestible pro- 
tein it shows. Of course, the other constitutents should 
not be ignored. Carbo-hydrates are plentiful on every 
farm; there is no need to purchase them. Fat is 
more expensive and difficult to obtain than carbo-hy- 
drates, but nothing like as expensive as protein, so 

that after all the amount of digestible protein con- 
tained constitutes its chief value if it is to be used 
as a supplemental concentrate for com, which is 
recognized as superior for fattening purposes to any 
ether kno\\'n food-stuff. 

Two of the leading protein-producing foods which 
can be utilized to advantage by Virginia feeders are 
linseed meal and cottonseed meal. Therefore in the 
first trial, it was deemed advisable to compare these 
on the basis of digestible protein they contain. The 
cattle were divided into six groups of ten each — five 
steers and five heifers. The first three groups re- 
ceived silage, shredded stover and timothy hay, with 
corn and cob meal and linseed meal. The remain- 
ing groups received silage, shredded stover and timo- 
thy hay, with corn and cob meal and cottonseed meal. 
The basis of the protein content in the linseed meal 
and the cottonseed meal was determined by the chem- 
ical department. The linseed meal was imdoubtedly 
the pure article and satisfactory in every way. The 
cottonseed meal was certainly adulterated with hulls, 
containing at least four per cent, less digestible pro- 
tein per 100 pounds than it should have. The lin- 
seed cost $28.00 and the cottonseed meal $27.00 a 
ton, delivered. The cost of 100 poimds of digestible 
protein in linseed meal was $4.30 ; in cottonseed meal, 
$4.06. If the cottonseed meal had been pure, the 
ratio of difference would have been considerably 
greater. Pure cottonseed meal should contain 37.2 
per cent, of digestible protein, or 744 pounds per ton. 
At a purchase price of $27.00 a ton, 100 poimds of 
digestible protein would only cost $3.63, or 43 cents 
less per hundred pounds than in the sample used in 
the experiment. This is an admirable argument for 
the purchase and use of pure foods. Furthermore, 
it is doubtful if cottonseed meal adulterated with 
hulls is as digestible as the pure product, for the hulls 
are extremely low in nutritive qualities and certainly 
do not increase the palatability of the meal. While 
we can hardly say that food-stuffs may always be com- 
pared on the basis of the protein equivalent, still it 
seems about the only rational method of comparison 
available at the present time, and until some thing 
more definite is known, it is the safest basis to follow 
in the purchase of foodstuffs intended to supplement 

Some of the more important conclusions to be 
drawn from this work may be summarized as follows : 

The largest gain per head per day was made by 
group 1 , which received silage, corn and cob meal and 
linseed meal. These animals made a imiform gain 
of 1.50 pounds, 1.66 poimds for the steers and 1.51 for 




the heifers. The group receiving silage, corn and cob 
meal and cottonseed meal did not do so well, gaining 
only 1.3:-. pounds per head per day, 1.35 for the steers 
and 1.50 for the heifers. These two rations were de- 
cidedly superior to the others. 

Group 2, receiving shredded stover, com and cob 
meal and linseed meal, made an average gain of .83 
pound per head per day, .8 for the steers and 1.03 for 
the heifers. Group 5, which received stover, com 
and cob meal and cottonseed meal, made an average 
gain of 1.01 pound per head per day, the results being 
practically the same for the steers and heifers. 

Group 3, receiving hay, com and cob meal and lin- 
seeds meal made an average gain of 1.15 poimds per 
head per day. Group 6, receiving hay, corn and cob 
meal and cottonseed meal, made an average gain of 
1.05 pounds per head per day. The heifers in this 
group did not gain quite so well as the steers. 

There was a difference of from 1-3 to 1-2 a poimd 
of gain per head per day in favor of the silage-fed 
cattle. They also finished out better, and in any dis- 
criminating market would certainly bring a better 
price than the dry-fed cattle. 

The results indicate that the amount of concen- 
trates to commence with should not be large, and that 
the increase should be made gradually, keeping the 
animals on full feed only from 60 to 90 days when 
fed for 180 days. 

Of the three forms of roughness fed, the silage was 
eaten with the greatest relish and there was absolutely 
no loss ; whereas, with the stover, the loss amounted to 
13.5 per cent., and with hay, 4.16 per cent. Where 
a large number of animals are fed, this would make 
a considerable difference in the cost of the ration, 
except that the shredded stover can be utilized to ad- 
vantage for bedding. 

That the cattle fed were not of a satisfactory quali- 
ty is evidenced by these results. In the first place, 
they should have made a pound of gain for the con- 
sumption of 3 to 4 pounds of grain, whereas, with 
silage the average for the whole period was 6.54 
pounds; with stover, 11.18 pounds, or nearly twice 
as much, and with hay, 8.99 pounds, or 2.45 pounds 
more per head than with the silage-fed cattle. 

It would take but comparatively little money to 
purchase a very superior grade of beef sires to re- 
place the bulls of inferior blood now so commonly 
used. These sires should get at least fifty calves per 
season, worth from $10.0 to $15.00 more per head 
than those now obtained. Provided the sire cost 
$200.00, this would represent a net profit of $550.00 
and the sire would be useful for several years. In 

view of the results witnessed in this experiment, it 
is remarkable that the quality of the live stock is 
not more rapidly improved. 

Considered on the basis of the content of digestible 
protein, there was little to choose between linseed 
meal and cotton seed meal for balancing up the com 
and cob meal, which must of necessity constitute the 
basis of a ration for beef cattle in the South. The 
relative cost of the foods will determine which one 
to select. It is true that the resiilts were not quite 
so favorable to cotton seed meal, but it should be 
remembered that the sample was adulterated. 100 
pounds of digestible protein in the sample used cost 
$4.06, and in the pure article woi;ld have cost $3.63, 
or 43 cents less per 100 pounds. This should be suf- 
ficient argument to convince every feeder of the ne- 
cessity of purchasing unadulterated foodstiiffs. 

The relative merit of different forms of roughness 
ill feeding cattle is not fully appreciated. Notice 
that the silage fed cattle made an average gain of 
1.46 pound ; the stover fed cattle .97 pound, and the 
hay fed cattle 1.10 pound. Also bear in mind the 
consumption of grain for a pound of gain and the 
importance of selecting and utilizing a palatable 
roughness that is cheap and well suited to the needs 
of cattle will be more clearly appreciated. 

The buying price of the steers was 3.75 cents and 
the selling price 4.75 cents ; the buying price of the 
heifers was 3.50 cents and the selling price 4.50 
cents. A margin of one cent was not sufficient to 
cover the cost of the food, leaving out of consideration 
the manure. To have obtained a profit it would have 
been necessary to sell the silage fed cattle at a margin 
of 1.25 cents; the stover fed cattle at a margin of 
1.5 cents, and the hay fed cattle at a margin of 2 
cents. This would have been clearly impossible in 
any market, even if the cattle had been of the highest 
quality, and is the most convincing evidence of the 
fact that timothy hay is a much overrated foodstuff 
for beef cattle and that its expensive nature precludes " 
its use in comparison with silage. 

These results show clearly, first, that the winter 
feeding of cattle to be profitable will only result from 
the use of animals of a good grade; second, that lin- 
seed meal or cotton seed meal may be used to ad- 
vantage to balance up the grain ration; third, that 
silage is superior to stover or timothy hay as a rough- 
ness : fourth, that with the right class of cattle these 
foods can be fed to advantage and profit at the ruling 
market price for foodstuffs ; fifth, that imder judi- 
cious management the winter feeding of beef cattle 
can be made a profitable industry in the South. 
Virginia Exp. Station. Andrew M. Soule. 


THE souther:n^ planter 



Polled Dnrhnnis were a quality show. Numbers 
have been larger, but the merits of this hornless type 
of Sliort-horu have ne^er been more strongly pre- 
sented. Several exhibitors who hitherto have con- 
tributed high-class stock did not enter the competi- 
tions this year, and their absence was noticeable. The 
female classes were better filled than those for bulls, 
and the character of the animals was perhaps of 
higher order. 

?>Iar]ced improvement is being effected iu Polled 
Durhams. Considering the youth of the breed its 
friends are to be congratulated upon the fruitful evo- 
lutionary work which they have performed. The 
old criticisms have been dissipated by modifications 
of thorie characteristics against which they used to 
be directed. There are many Polled Durhams which 
illustrate the most approved and profitable beef tvpe 
just as satisfactory as cattle of any other breed. To 
produce these cattle without horns has involved a 
nice application of breeding prinicples. 'Creative 
work is difficult, but it has been prosecuted with 
splendid success by Polled Durham breeders. Their 
.labors have l>egun to fruit. This type is steadily 
gaining ground. Founded upon the oldest race of 
beef cattle in America and appealing to that large 
and growing class of farmers whose only objection 
to the parent breed is its horns, the Polled Durham 
is striving onward to a great destiny. — Breeder's Ga- 

spring as possible. After the cow peas are grazed 
down, put in crimson clover which will be available 
early the next spring. 

On section four plant Spanish peanuts. 

Onsection five prepare the land with the greatest 
j possible care, and seed alfalfa. Alfalfa will be the 
most desirable of all the grazing crops as it can be 
grazed over two or three times during a single season, 
and will remain on the land for several years, if well 

Section six may be devoted to artichokes to fur- 
nish feed through the late fall and winter. 

Some grain should be fed to the hogs on grazing 
crops — one to three pounds per day depending on the 
age and size of the animals. An ear or two of com 
will often be all that is necessary. By using graz- 
ing crops the corn can be m.ade to go much further, 
and a better quality of pork obtained at a lower cost 
per ]"»ound. Hogs kept on grazing crops are under 
the very best sanitary condition. The plan suggested 
will provide grazing for 2.5 to 50 hogs, depending on 
the character of the land and the crop season. 

The several areas should not be kept in the same 
crop from year to year, but a rotation should be prac- 
ticed that will enable a variety of crops to be grown 
on the land, and so preserve an equilibrium in the 
soil food supply. The utilization of grazing crops for 
pork production is a matter worthy of the most se- 
rious attention of our farmers. 


Dean and Director. 
Experiment Sfation Blacl-ahurq , Ya. 


Any fanner can select a six-acre tract of land con- 
venient to his bam and divide it off as follows. The 
tract of land selected should be rather long and nar- 
rod and a roadway should 1k> left along one side. Di-j 
vide the land into six equal areas by means of per-j 
manent fences. 

The first area should be seeded to grass. In some 
sections blue grass will be used ; in others, orchard 
grass ; and still others, Bermuda. The temporary or 
permanent shelters for the hogs should be erected on 
this section of land. These need cost very little, for 
a suitable shelter for a brood sow and her little ones 
can lie built at a cost of $8.00 or $10.00. 

Section two should be seeded to sorghum as early 
in the spring as possible. After it is grazed down, 
seed to winter oats and hairy vetch, or crimson clover 
may be used. This will furnish some late fall and 
early spring grazing. 

On Section three sow cow peas as early in the 


Common Salt |- oz. 

Pulv. Ginger -i oz. 

Hickory A«hes 1 oz. 

fCarefully burnt to avoid grit.") 
Flaxseed menl enough to make 8 ounces, 
^lix intimately. 

Give one or two tablespoonfuls in warm water, 
with a cow's horn. 

A cow's horn should be kept on the farm to give 
drenches to stock, as it is not liable to b'-eak in the 
mouth as is a glass bottle. Attkxtive Re^"er. 

The above is sent us by an old reader of the 
Planter who says that he has known it used with ad- 
vantage. We doubt very much whether there is any 
remedy for hog cholera which is reasonably reliable 
after it has once attacked a herd. Its ravages may 
however, be largely prevented by the use of the tonic 
published in our December issue. — Ed. 




The Poultry Yard. 


I Iiave many inquiries relative to incubators and 
brooders, what kind, how large, which is the best, can 
T afford to buy one to hatch 300 chicks how long will 
tlicy last, how long does it take to hatch eggs in a 
machine, etc., etc. I have said several times in these 
notes that there are several good incubators, some 
fairly good and some worse than worthless, because 
they not only cause disappointment, but loss as well. 
It must be evident to everyone that it would be un- 
just for me to recommend any particular make of 
incubators. A man with experience, a suitable room, 
good eggs and a clear understanding of the condi- 
tions necessary to successful incubation can hatch 
chicks in almost any kind of an incubator while a 
person lacking any or all of these essentials will fail 
with the best machine ever put on the market. A 
cheap incubator is an abomination. No man, or 
woman either, can so manage any machine that it 
Avill hatch every fertile egg or make a satisfactory 
hatch every time. My advice is to buy a good incu- 
bator, not less than 100 egg capacity and run it the 
best you can. As I said in December notes, "every 
manufacturer has the best machine made." Every- 
one knows that this cannot be true. No man can 
make as good a suit of clothes for $10.00 as he can 
for $20.00. When a manufacturer claims to have 
the "" hatcher, sell it on trial, if not satisfactory 
return it, will hatch any where, in any kind of a 
room, shed or on the back porch, will hatch every 
o!::g, will last a lifetime, etc., etc. Shun that fellow. 
T have used many different machines and have had 
a few standard made ones of the best manufacturers 
that would not hatch satisfactorily. Have always 
found it quite difficult to get even these old reliable 
firms to take these condemned machines back and 
replace them with satisfactory ones. All I can say 
is that I can only refer subscribers to the machine 
T now use and I do this only in private correspond- 

T think anyone wanting to, raise 300 chicks can 
save time and money by hatching them in an incu- 
bator. One can hatch earlier, have them all of one 
size, have less bother, less loss and very miidi less 
vermin to contend with. 

A good incubator, made of good material and vve''l 
taken care of will last and do good work for several 
years, possibly in rare instances 10 years. The aver- 
age possibly may be 5 years. 

It takes 20 to 22 days to hatch hens eggs. In this 
particular, the machine method is no time saver. 
Good strong fresh eggs will hatch in 24 hours less 
time than weak old germs. Eggs taken fresh from 
the nest and put in the incubator while warm will 
hatch in 19 days if the heat is kept even and if they 
have plenty of air. 

Brooders are the cause of more mortality among 
chicks the fiirst 3 or 4 weeks than any or all other 
causes put together and largely because of a lack 
of plenty of pure air. Very much of the oil sold in 
the South is unfit to use in incubator or brooder 
lamps. The oil must be first-class, the burner must 
be good, the wick must be clean and the entire lamp 
and heating device must be clean and so arranged 
that no gases or fumes can enter the brooder chamber 
or hover. One man wants to know whether a stove 
pipe could not be arranged to heat a brooder, with an 
elbow at each end turned down and a lamp placed at 
each end? I repeat, the heating device mvst be so 
arranged that no- gases or fumes from the lamp can 
enter the brood chamber. I make ray heaters and 
domes doiible seamed throughout, and of best gal- 
vanized iron. Nothing but pure warm air can enter 
the hover. Here are the essential features to success 
in raising chicks that are hatched right. Plenty of 
]nire warm air, plenty of exercise, clean, dry floors, 
hard dry feed, clean fresh water, no lice. 

Many subscribers and readers of the Planter have 
trouble with chicks dying in the shell at hatching 
time and ask me the cause and ask for a remedy. I 
have had many letters the past month in regard to 
this trouble and will answer here all such inquiries, 
as it would require too much time to reply to each 
individiial inquiry. Incubator manufacturers have 
this same trouble, only, they do not tell anyone alwut 
it. All the large factories have men employed con- 
stantly to solve this problem. Each year they make 
some slight change in their machine in the hope of 
overcoming this great drawback to artificial incuba- 
tinn. They issue new instructions almost every year 
and yet the chicks die in the shell. It would certain- 
ly be a blessing if some of the incubators had shared 
tlie same fate. It would have saved millions of eggs 
and much disappointment. 

'Sly experience is that every person who operates 
an incubator must solve this problem for himself, 
in liis own locality, with his own eggs, with his own 
machine. I have lost thousands of eggs in this way 




by following the printed instructions of the manu- 
facturer. Certain conditions may enable a man to 
hatch successfully in one locality and with the same 
machine, same eirars and identically the same care 
may mean failure in another locality. I find that 
eggs require very much more ventilation and less 
moisture (supplied) here in tidewater Virginia than 
in northern Indiana. Very few incubators on the 
market, supply enough pure, warm air to the eggs 
at all times. J aim to supply at least three times 
as much air to the eggs the third week as I do the 
first. From the fifteenth day to the nineteenth day 
I air the eggs from thirty to sixty minutes by plac- 
ing the trays on top of the incubator. I try to have 
the temperature of the hatching room as near 65° 
as possible. If the weather is very warm and the 
temperature much above 75 in the room I leave them 
out sixty to ninety minutes and leave the incubator 
doors open. I never put moisture in imtil the morn- 
ing of the eighteenth day and if I can keep the air 
hiimid in the incubator room I do not use any moist- 
ure in the machine. Moisture lamps and hygro- 
meters are a delusion and a snare. I believe that 90 
per cent, of chicks die in the shell for want of fresh 
air or are chilled the last time they are aired and 
cooled. A new bom babe will live several days with- 
out food and water, if kept warm, but will die in a 
few minutes without air. The chick must have air 
while in the shell and plenty of it at hatching time. 
Watch a brood of chicks at hatching time under a 
hen in warm weather. You will see them tucked 
under her feathers but as soon as they are dry and 
strong enough they will have their heads out. Here 
it is as short as I can make it: 1st. Have good eggs. 
2nd. Good incubators. 3rd, Good oil and lamps. 
4th. A good room to hat-ch in. 5th Give plenty of 
pure warm air all the time and a great plenty after 
the second week. 6th. In hot dry weather add moist- 
ure to the air on and after the 18th day. 7. Have 
the incubator room well ventilated all the tin-e. 


Roxbury, Va. 

scattered over three or four fields. The food is loaded 
into a low wagon, which is driven about to each house 
in turn, the attendant feeding as he goes ; at the after- 
noon feeding the eggs are collected. The fowls are 
fed twice a day. The morning food is a mash of 
cooked vegetables and mixed meals; this mash is 
made up the afternoon of the day before. The after- 
noon feed is whole com the year round. — Country 


Mr. C. Hawkins, of Albemarle Co., Va., writes us 
that last year he kept 31 common hens. This flock 
netted him clear of all expenses $1.58^ each, after 
providing hira with all the eggs he needed for home 
use and 217 eggs for hatching. Xot a bad showing 
for the despised "old hen." 


is said to 
He ships 
He keeps 

Isaac Wilbur of Little Compton, R. I., 
have the largest poultry farm in the world. 
130,000 to 150,000 dozens of eggs a year, 
his fowls on the colony plan, housing about 40 in a 
house 8 by 10 or 8 by 12 feet in siz3, these houses 
being 150 feet apart, set out in long rows over the 
gently sloping fields. He has 100 of these houses, 


Editor Southern Planter: 

Why is it that hens in good condition will stop 
laying as soon as the first cold snap comes ? This is 
a matter that is worthy of attention. It is a serious 
thing, when eggs are selling at two cents each, to 
have the hens suddenly cease laying, when they should 
lie filling the eggs basket. 

But there is a cause for it It is not for lack of 
food, as the cessation of egg production may happen 
in a single day. It is not due to disease for the 
hens may all be healthy. The cause, in my opinion, 
is lack of warmth. While the heat of the body comes 
from the food eaten, yet when the cold is severe, the 
digestion is not sufficiently rapid to create the heat 
necessary to protect the bird from the cold and also 
to continue egg production. 

Egg production ceases because nature's first ef- 
fort is to take care of the bird before it is permitted 
to do extra work in production. What is the remedy ? 
It is simply to guard against the loss of animal heat. 
Thi^ may be done by keeping the cold winds away 
from the hens, by providing shelters and simny 
places for the hens. Try also and make winter aa 
near like summer as you can by giving some green 
ff^ioil and cut green bone or beef scrap, and give the 
birds a little extra attention, and clean houses and 
"lu- hens should not get on a strike. 

0. E. Shook. 

Iredell Co., N. C. 




The Horse. 


With the Hon. Henry C. Stnart, president; John 
Stewart Bryan, vice-president; H. Lee Lorraine, 
secretary, and Capt. John S. Ellett, treasurer; the 
aiTairs of the recently formed Virginia State Fair 
Association are in able hands. In addition to these 
gentlemen. President Stuart has selected a commit- 
teen of ten, of which he himself is a member, who will 
get out a prospectus for the fair, obtain a charter and 
look after important interests of the association. The 
committee is made up of Henry C. Stuart, Col. John 
ifurphy, J. T. Anderson, E. B. Sydnor, M. C. Pat- 
terson, J. G. Corley, L 0. Miller, .Joseph Waller- 
stein, S. D. Crenshaw and M. A. Chambers. 

With men of recognized ability like those named, 
at the helm there is a bright outlook for the new 
organization and the opinion prevails that we are to 
have a big fair here this fall ; in fact, it is the pur- 
pose of the management to make it a great exposition 
of the agricultiiral, mechanical and live stock inter- 
ests of the State. 

The dates of the Virginia State Fair Association 
and those of the Richmond Horse Show Association 
are to be the same and the two bodies will work in 
Tinison, as really a commimity of interests exist be- 
tween these organizations and their welfare is a 
matter of concern not only to officers and stockhold- 
ers, but to the entire community as well. The horse 
show has been a source of material benefit to Rich- 
mond and that a State Fair will result likewise and 
attract many thousands to the city each fall, is not 
doubted. Both for citizens of Richmond and those 
from other places ample attractions will be provided 
with the fair, which will include racing and fine ex- 
hibitions of live stock during the day, while at night 
the horse show will be on. Certainly there seems 
in store sport and pleasure galore to be had during 
the Horse show and Fair week each fall, and that 
citizens throughout the Old Dominion will lend sup- 
port and encouragement, can hardly be doubted. 

Wealth, 2 :10, the handsome brown son of Gam- 
betta Wilkes, 2:19^ and Magnolia, by l^orfolk, will 
be in the stud again this season at Chapman Farm, 
Gordonsville, Va., and some high-class mares are 
being booked. Wealth was purchased by his owner. 
Col. W. H. Chapman, as a suckling at his dam's side, 
with the intention of keeping him entire and the 
grand looking stallion has more than realized expec- 
tations, as with size are combined good looks, finish 

and a rare turn of speed. Gambetta Wilkes is one 
of the most prolific sires of speed this country has 
seen and shortly may surpass all others in point of 
mimbers of standard performers, being already cred- 
ited with 182 in the list, of which over twenty were 
added in 1005. 

In addition, too, it may be said that both the sons 
and daughters of Gambetta Wilkes are breeding on 
and Wealth should materially swell the roU of honor. 

In this issue of "The Planter," Floyd Brothers, 
of Bridgetown, who are the largest and best known 
breeders on the "Eastern Shore of Virginia, an- 
nounce a strong list of trotting stallions in the stud 
for 1906. Their premier is Sidney Prince, 2 :21i, 
the sire of eight in the list. He is a son of the fa- 
mous Sidney, 2 :19f , who also got Sidney Dillon, the 
sire of Lou Dillon, 1 :58^, queen of trotters. In ad- 
dition to Sidney Prince, are the richly bred yoiing 
stallions, Rod Oliver, Moko, Jr. and Red Dillon. So 
popular as a sire is Sidney Prince that last season 
he served over 100 mares and others were turned 
away, while a like state of affairs prevailed during 
a previous one. 

The horses at Castle Hill Farm, which is near 
Cobham, in Albemarle coimty, Va., are doing well 
in winter quarters and Mrs. Gertriide Rives Potts, 
who directs affairs at that noted old homestead, thinks 
her stable of show ring performers are now in bet- 
ter shape than usual. Among those best known are 
the chestnut mare Firelight, qualified htmter and. 
leader in sporting tandem, the brown mares Brilliant 
and Radiant, full sisters, winners in park hack and 
harness classes, and the "The King of Hearts," sad- 
dle horse, by General Miles. The latter made his 
first essay in the show rings last season and was able 
to win blue ribbons over the best horses shown in 
his class. A recent purchase is the bay mare Humid, 
thoroughbred daughter of imp. July and Miss Laura, 
whom Mrs. Potts expects much of. Rather a notable 
addition to Castle Hill Farm is the imported Perch- 
eron stallion Gigolo, 53844, a four-year old black 
horse, weighing 2100 pounds. He was a winner in 
France and has not been beaten in this coimtry. 
Gigolo won at the Nebraska and Iowa State Fairs 
and will be shown this season in Virginia where 
classes are offered for draft stallions. With his 
great size this horse has style, with quite a turn of 
speed, and in appearance rather resembles an enor- 
mous hackney. Broad Rock. 




Inquirers' Column. 

Enquirips should be sent to the office of The Southern 
Planter, Richmond, Va., not later than the 15th of th« 
month for replies to appear in the next month's issue. 


Can you or any reader of your valuable paper tell me what 
is the trouble with my cream ? I have it well turned ; get it 
64 degrees and churn for hours, but can set no butter. The 
cream gets into a perfect foam just like whipped cream, 
but not a sign of butter. I have tried every suggestion 
with no better results. Cows are fed with cut up feed 
(corn fodder stalk, etc.). wheat-straw, turnips, bran, plenty 
of salt, and are turned out on crass lots. 

Any suggestion will be greatly appreciated, as X have had 
five churnings with no butter. Would say I have been 
making nice butter up to the last week. 

MRS. W. C. FL.^GG. 

Caroline Co.. Va. 

There are several causes for trouble in churning 
like yours and it is always uncertain to determine without 
experiment, which is the operative one. Sometimes the 
trouble is caused by a cow or cows which has not been 
fresh for a long time or is far gone In calf. Test some of 
the cream from any cow of this kind, and if difficulty is 
found with it, exclude the cream from these cows. Some- 
time the cause is the need of a different temperature in 
the churn. We have known it cured by raising the temp- 
erature from 5 to 10 degrees above the norma! one. Somr- 
times. lowering the temperature is needed. Over-filling the 
churn is sometimes the cause, thus not allowing sufficient 
room for expansion and for aeration. Sometimes, though 
more rarely, the cause is something eaten or drunk by the 
cows, or a bacterial growth in the cream. Try setting the 
cream to ripen in another place where this bacterial germ 
may not be present. — Ed. 


I have a piece of new, sandy land, been cultivated one 
year, in which I want to plant peanuts. What commercial 
fertilizer would suit them? Do you advise the use of lime? 
If so, when and how applied? 


Pamlico Co., N. C. 

A proper fertilizer for growing peanuts may be made by 
mixing 300 pounds of cotton seed meal, 80 pounds of acid 
phosphate and 240 pounds kainit. Apply this quantity per 
acre. The land should have 20 bushels of lime per acre, 
applied as soon as plowed and worked in lightly. — Ed. 


1. Please advise me the best way of corning beef? 

2. What are the symi)toms of stomach worms in sheep? 

3. I have a piece of land that is now seeded to crimson 
clover. I want to seed to alfalfa. The land is good and 
strong, but I have not a good stand of clover, (I think due 
to bad seed). I top dressed the clover in the early fall 
with manure. Would you advise cutting the clover and 
seeding in the summer, or turning the clover in, seeding in 
the spring SUBSCRIBER. 

Make a pickle by putting into soft water all the salt 
the water will completely dissolve. Boil this and skim 
clean, and then place in a jar or clean barrel, and, when 
cold, put in the beef and allow to remain for ten days or 
more. Then take out and hang up to dry, or cook fresh 
from the pickle, as desired. If thoroughly dried, the beef 
will keep until wanted and should be soaked 12 hours in 
water before cooking. 

2. The skin of the sheep will appear bloodless and pa- 
pery, instead of rosy and fresh looking. Sometimes, swell- 
ings will be noticed under the jaws. The sheep will be 
listless and sleepy looking. 

3. We would plow down the crimson clover in May and 
keep the land worked during the summer to kill out all 
vveeds. Apply 20 bushels of lime to the acre, after plow- 
ing and work in. In July, apply -100 pounds of bone 
meal, or half bone meal and half acid phosphate, per acre, 
and if you have some good rotten manure, apply this also. 
making the land rich. Then in August, when you have the 
land in fine order, sow 25 pounds of inoculated alfalfa seed 
per acre, or sow 200 pounds of soil from an old alfalfa 
field per acre with the alfalfa, and you should get a good 
stand. — Ed. 


I am going to plant a small crop of tobacco this year 
on .lames River low grounds. This land is in fine condition 
and has not been in a hoed crop for five yearsr I plowed 
this land very deep in November, 1905. What kind of fer- 
tilizer should I use, or should I use any? How would Peru- 
vian guano do for this land, and hnw much should I apply 
per acre. W. D. McFALL. 

We had a report some little time ago from a subscriber 
who used Peruvian guano on tobacco on similar land to 
this a year ago with excellent results. We think, however, 
it would be still better if some sulphate of potash was also 
applied. We would use 300 pounds of Peruvian guano and 
100 pounds of sulphate of potash per acre. — Ed. 


(1) I have a last si)ring's Suffolk lamb that lays about 
and w'on't eat, and when it gets up stretches itself as 
far out as possible and stands that way for quite a while. 
Is this knotty guts or stomach worms? Give me a remedy 
and explain how to be used. The lamb is in good condi- 
tion and seems strong. 

(2) I want to sow thirty acres in peas next spring for 
hog and sheep pastures, what variety is best suited for 
that puriiose and how should they be sown, with drill or 
broadcast, and how much to the acre? 

(?>) What is the best way to handle a commercial or- 
chard of several thousand trees, apples, peach, plum and 
cherry. The trees, up to the present, are thrifty and well 
grown, and from five to eight years old. I want to know 
as to cultivation from now on, as to manuring and spray- 
ing. B. E. W. 

Augusta Co.. Va. 

(1) We doubt very much whether your lamb is suffer- 
ing from any disease, other than perhaps some slight di- 
gestive derangement, probably caused by living too well. 




When a sheep or other animal stretches freely on rising 
from rest it is usually an indication of health rather than 
sickness, it certainly is no indication of knotty guts or 
stomach worms. The indication for these pests is a 
anemic condition of the skin of the sheep, making it look 
papery and bloodless, instead of pink andfresh. The wool 
also looks dead. We would give the lamb the run of a 
pasture where he will have to hustle to get a living and 
stop feeding grain for a time, giving only good hay or 
clean bright fodder or pea vines. 

(2) Either the Black or Clay pea makes a good sheep 
or hog pasture. The new variety, "New Era," is also an 
excellent pea, perhaps better for seed production than for 
pasture. For pasturing or for hay, sowing broadcast 
usually gives good results. Sow one bushel to the acre. 
If economy in seed is desired, it is better to drill the peas 
in rows, two feet six inches apart, and use about half a 
bushel to the acre. Cultivate two or three times and the 
vines will soon cover the land. 

(3) Keep the cultivator running In the orchard from 
April to July every week or ten days to keep down weeds 
and encourage the growth of new wood, in July sow crim- 
son clover, 15 lbs. to the acre, to make a winter cover crop 
and to plow down in the spring and supply nitrogen and 
humus to the soil. The object in ceasing cultivation in 
July is to cause cessation of growth of new wood and a 
ripening of that already grown. If the wood does not ripen 
up well or the growth is weak, apply 300 lbs. of acid phos- 
phate and 150 lbs. muriate of potash per acre before sowing 
the crimson clover. In our March issue we always publish 
a spray calendar, giving formulas for spraying and time 
for doing this work. — Ed. 


\\Tiat should be the cost of burning and applying oyster 
shells for lime where the distance to bring the shells by 
rail is about 30 miles? Give best plan for burning and 
amount of wood needed per load of shell? 

Loudoin Co., Va. SUBSCRIBER 

We should be glad if some of our readers who have had 
experience in burning shells for lime would reply to these 
queries. We have never had any experience in the matter 
having always used rock lime bought from the lime kilns 


Please tell me why fruit trees will not do well planted 
on fresh land. They do not thrive, aud many die. Is there 
anything I can do to make them grow and do well on such 
land? J. P. BAUKNIGHT 

Richland Co., S. C. 

The land is evidently too poor to supply the plant-food 
the trees need. It should be improved by being dressed 
with 25 bushels of lime to the acre, applied after the land 
has been plowed. Then later apply 300 lbs. of acid phos- 
phate and 150 lbs. of muriate of potash per acre, and sow 
Cowpeas on the land, one bushel to the acre. Let these 
peas die down and then plow the vines in and sow 15 lbs. 
of Crimson Clover to the acre for a winter cover and to 
be plowed down in spring and again to be followed by Cow- 
peas. — Ed. 


I would like to know when is the best time to plant 
buckwheat in South Carolina, for bee culture. Which is 
the best kind and how long does it bloom? 

So. Carolina. JOHN J. BAUKNIGHT. 

Buckwheat may be sown at any time from May to 
August. The Japanese variety is the best. It usually 
blooms for a couple of weeks or more. If wanted continu- 
ously through the summer and early fall, a succession of 
crops should be sown. — Ed. 


(1) I wish to sow about twenty acres in oats this spring. 
Kindly tell me the best kind, which is most likely to be a 
success; also what kind of fertilizer to use with them. 

(2) What kind of grass can I sow in an apple and 
peach orchard this spring? 

(3) What kind of grass can I sow this spring in a large 
park studded with very large oak and hickory trees? The 
trees are rather close together and consequently shade the 
ground entirely. I would, therefore, like to know what 
kind of grass will grow under the shadow of these big 
trees and what fertilizer to apply. 

(4) Can alfalfa be sown in the spring? 

Caroline Co., Va. A. WHETRON. 

1. In this issue you will find advice as to sowing spring 

2. Sow a mixture of tall meadow oat-grass, orchard grass 
and herds grass. 

3. It is very doubtful if you can get a stand of any kind 
of grass under the dense shade of these tall trees. Prob- 
ably you will most likely succeed with Virginia blue grass, 
orchard grass and rough stalked meadow grass sown to- 
gether. We should not advise the spending of money in 
fertilizer in such a place, as it would likely be largely lost. 
Bone meal would be best to use if it Is decided to go to 
any expense in the attempt. 

4. Alfalfa may be sown in the spring, but we do not 
advise this course. Better spend the time up to August 
in working the land and making the weed seeds in it 
sprout and have these killed out by frequent cultivation. 
Weeds are the great enemy of alfalfa. Give the land a 
dressing of 20 bushels of lime per acre and work in during 
the summer; then make rich with bone meal, acid phos- 
phate and well rotted manure and sow inoculated alfalfa 
seed in August. 25 lbs. to the acre. — Ed. 


Please advise me what I can use to take warts off cattle. 
I have two heifers with a great many on each of them, 
some of the warts attaining the size of walnuts. 

Albemarle Co., Va. SUBSCRIBER. 

If the warts are only attached by a thin cord to the 
animal, take a pair of scissors and clip them off. and touch 
the places with caustic potash. If they cannot easily be 
clipped off, burn them off with caustic potash or lunar 
caustic. — Ed. 


Is it possible to sow cowpeas by the 10th of May and cut 
them for hay bv the middle of July? Is it true that the 




acid in fertilizer will kill bacteria put on leguminous 
plants if sown in same drill (together) ? 


If the season be a normal one, the land may be warm 
enough to sow cow peas by the 10th of May but they 
never germnate well in cold land. They will mature suf- 
ficiently to make hay in 10 or 12 weeks. Acid phosphate 
should never be drilled along with seed, as the acid will 
Injure the germ and if sowed along with inoculated seed 
it will destroy the bacteria, which cannot flourish even in 
acid soil. — Ed. 


Can I raise cotton to any profit in James City Co., Va. 
What is the price of cotton seed, and where is the nearest 
place to get it from? Also what will a cotton press cost? 

James City Co.. Va. . A. C. LARSON. 

Undoubtedly you can grow cotton in James City Co. It 
was grown much further north than this before the war, 
but we doubt very much whether you will find it profitable 
to do so. as you have no gin in your section to clean the 
coton from the seed nor have you a cotton compress to 
bale it. The cost of press would be too high to be only 
used by one person on a small crop. You can undoubtedly 
get the seed in Norfolk. It is cheap enough. — Ed. 


(1) Will you please let me know the best fertilizer to use 
on Irish potatoes; also, the best potatoes to grow, and the 
amount to plant to the acre? 

(2) Will you also let me know If it is necessary to sub- 
soil land every year; if. not how often should it be done. 
Can it be well done with a shovel plow, or is it necessary 
to have a subsoil plow, and to what depth should it be sub- 
soiled? IRAD WHITLOW. 

Charlotte Co., Va. 

1. In this issue you will find advice as to the proper fer- 
tilizer to use in growing Irish potatoes? As to variety to 
plant, this is a difficult question to answer, as so much 
depends on the purpose for which the crop is wanted. 
Probably for a first early crop. Irish Cobbler, Early Ohio, 
Wood's Earliest, and Beauty of Hebron are amongst the 
best. For a late crop. Improved Peach Blow, Carman No. 
3. Rural New Yorker No. 2. and Burbank are good. 

2. It is not necessary to subsoil land every year. Once 
in three or four years is often enough. Whilst a proper 
subsoil plow does the best work, if you have not one if 
good strong Coulter with a foot welded on will do good 
work, or even a Coulter alone will do good. A shovel 
plow will not do the work in the hard subsoil. — Ed. 


Please advise me which breed of sheep pays best in 
this part of Virginia. 
Accomac Co., Va- DORSEY F. MATTHEWS. 

There are so few sheep kept through this section of the 
State that we have little of actual fact upon which to base 
an opinion. We are, however of opinion that probably the 
Dorset would be found best adapted to your section. We 
base this opinion on the fact that the Dorsets were orig- 
inally a lowland sheep bred In a county on the borders 

of the ocean and having one of the mildest climates of 
any county in England. The principal source of profit from 
sheep in your section should be the early lambs for the 
Northern markets, and the Dorsets produce these lambs 
to perfection. With your mild winters you should be able 
to put the lambs into the Northern markets all through 
the winter at a very low cost for production and with a 
minimum of cost for shelter and feed. — Ed. 


Kindly advise me as to the practise of using sawdust as 
litter in lot and stable. What effect will the sawdust have 
on the land where the manure is used? I have a big pile 
in my yard, have filled all my stables with it; it makes 
very clean bedding and the animals seem to like It. I want 
to know what you think of it. 

Edgecombe Co., N. C. W. CASWELL SUGG. 

Recent experiments made on the use of various kinds 
of matter for bedding for stock seem to establish the 
fact that sawdust makes an excellent, clean, healthful bed 
for the animals and a good absorbent of the liquid void- 
ings, but the absence of plant food In the sawdust makes 
the manurial value of the cleanings of the stables much 
lower than if straw or other litter were used to take up 
the dung and urine of the animals. The sawdust acts 
merely as a vehicle for saving these, and is in itself useless 
as a food for the crops to which the same is applied. Its 
only recommendation is its cheapness and cleanliness. — Ed. 


(1) I wish to make improvement on the old single fur- 
row mould-board plow, both in point of saving time and 
doing better work, especially as to leaving better connec- 
tion between soil and subsoil. Please advise whether the 
numerous disc, cutaway, sulky and gang plows advertised 
are effective in sod and stubble land in Virginia 
where land is rolling and comparatively free from fast 
rock. Please suggest a good implement for three or four 
horses where about 100 acres are plowed per year, to be 
used in sod or turning under clover, cow peas, etc. 

(2) In the beef breeds of cattle, does letting the calf run 
with dam continuously injure milking qualities of dam? 
Is it not better for the calf than to let it suck at fixed 
times? Considering welfare of both dam and calf, which 
course would you advise when the object Is the production 
of first-class breeding animals? 

(3) What is the best supplementary ration for a lot of 
pure bred calves, 60 to 90 days old, where dam does not 
give milk enough to induce rapid growth? 

(4) In August, 1904, I sowed a field to rye, timothy, red 
top and clover. Summer, 1905, I cut a crop of mixed hay 
(after having grazed rye), about one ton per acre. There 
is now a good stand of grass and clover. Land rolling and 
will yield seven and a half barrels of corn or fourteen 
bushels of wheat. Would you advise top dressing? when, 
and with what? Will it pay better to spend money for 
commercial fertilizer to top dress or to let this stand of 
grass runs its course and give rotaiton of cow peas and 

(5) Please suggest a good make of bee hive and where 

A. G. P 
Culpeper Co., Va. 

1 . We are glad to know that at least one of our farmers 
is giving some thought to the question of superseding the 
old-fashioned single furrow plow, practically Itself only a 




slight improvement on the first plow ever used, a crooked 
limb of a tree acting as a double wedge to burst out the 
furrow. We have long been of opinion that this plow ought 
to be relegated to the museum of antiquities, and have fre- 
quently so expressed ourselves. Horsepower and human 
labor is now too costly to waste on plowing a single fur- 
row at a time of only the width usually turned by the com- 
mon plow. We are convinced that the disc plow is the 
plow of the future. The principle of construction is a 
sound one, economical of horse power, a rolling cutting 
wedge rather than a simple bursting wedge. It is capable 
with the same power, of turning over and at the same time 
pulverizing a much wider and deeper furrow. We look to 
see further improvements in this form of plow which will 
make it possible with three horses to turn over two wide 
and deep furrows at a time and thus materially reduce the 
cost of breaking land. The sulky or riding plow used in 
the West is a great improvement on the old style of plow 
and does much more and better work. We are glad to 
know that it is being introduced here. We had a gentle- 
man in the office a few doys ago who has introduced this 
plow on his farm and is greatly pleased with it. We also 
know others using the disc plow with satisfaction. Try 
either of these. They should do your work at less cost 
and with greater efficiency. 

2. Letting the calf suck the cow always injures the milk- 
ing qualities of the cow whatever the breed may be, but as 
several of the best breeds are not milking cows at all 
but at best only barely able to raise their calves, this 
effect of suckling is not of much importance. Whilst 
doubtless their milking qualities might be improved by 
milking the cows and raising the calves by hand, yet at the 
best the quantity would be so small as not to be worth 
the additional labor. Let such cows raise their calves in 
the natural way; the object in keeping them is merely to 
raise stock to be made into beef and this end can be most 
cheaply attained in this way. 

3. We have found the best results attained by feeding 
flax seed jelly made by slowly simmering whole flax seed 
In water and feeding this to the calves, say from a pint 
to a quart per day, on chopped hay, to which was added a 
mixed grain ration of ground oats and corn in equal parts, 
say a pound per day to begin with and gradually increased 
as they respond to the ration, taking care never to over- 
feed the grain so as to disarrange the digestive organs 

4. Top dress the grass this spring with 300 lbs. of bone 
meal or half bone meal and half acid phosphate, 100 lbs. 
of muriate of potash and 150 lbs. of nitrate of soda per 
acre, or instead, apply 400 lbs. of Peruvian guano per acre. 
This should give you an excellent hay crop, lengthen the 
life of the sod and improve the nutritive value of the 
grasses. A top dressing of lime, one ton to the acre, in 
the late fall or early winter would also help it by inducing 
the growth of clover and the finer grasses. Do not apply 
the spring top dressing until the grass commences to 
grow and then it will be fully utilized by the crop. 

5. Write A. I. Root & Sons, Medina, O., as to bee hives. 
They are great bee experts, whilst we know nothing of 
bee keeping. — Ed. 


I have a stiff red piece of land that has been run in com 
for some three years, after which I decided to seed to al- 

falfa. Early in the spring, I applied a heavy coat of stable 
manure and 1,400 lbs. of lime, and seeded to millet and 
peas, and inside of 90 days I reaped a heavy crop of hay; 
then seeded alfalfa, and got a good stand, the seed being 
inoculated with alfalfa bacteria and then applied 200 lbs. 
of alfalfa dirt. Still it didn't make much growth, and is 
looking yellow, as if it is going to die. Would you advise 
for it to be dressed with more lime and manure this spring? 
Halifax Co., Va. A. E. GARNER. 

We are afraid you sacrificed your alfalfa stand to the 
millet and pea crop. If instead of sowing this crop and 
thus taking the fertility you had applied out of the land, 
you had seeded alfalfa you would likely now have had a 
good stand of healthy growing alfalfa. The best thing 
you can do now will be to give it a top dressing of well- 
rotted manure and bone meal, 300 lbs. of the bone to the 
acre, and then when it begins to revive a little give it a top 
dressing of 100 lbs. of nitrate of soda per acre. In this 
way you may save the stand, but must feed it well again 
in the fall with manure or bone meal or both. — Ed. 


(1) Do you think I can make sheep a success in a small 
way (not having any fences) by keeping them up and feed- 
ing on the soiling plan, that is, cutting grass and carrying 
it to them? 

(2) When sheep run over a pasture they make the land 
foul by filling it with worms which produce knotty gut. 
Can these worms be killed by dusting the dung with land 
plaster if the sheep are kept up? 

(3) Is the trumpet vine, so common as a troublesome 
weed in old fields here, what is called poison ivy? Can 
you give me its right botanical name? 

Chesterfield Co., Va. h. DEWHURST. 

1. No. You will never make sheep keeping profitable 
by feeding on the soiling system. Sheep bear confine- 
ment worse than any other animals. They must have range 
over a pasture to keep healthy and prolific. 

2. If the sheep are free from the knotty gut worm (Eso- 
phogostoma), they will not infect the land, and if they are 
infected they will sooner or later succumb to the worms, 
for which there is no remedy. You cannot destroy the 
worms by dusting the dung with land plaster or anything 
relse. Keep sheep off the land for twelve months and there 
will be no worms left to trouble and infect another flock. 
They cannot perpetuate their existence without sheep in 
which to work out their life cycle. 

3. No. The trumpet vine and poison ivy are two dif- 
ferent plants. The trumpet vine is "Bignonia radicans" 
botanically. — Ed. 


What is your idea about setting a young apple tree 
where an old one has been dug out? It seems to me if 
the hole was left open all winter to freeze and the brush 
from the tree burned on the spot before re-setting, enough 
potash would be supplied for the young tree. Have several 
non-productive trees and want to take up and fill the places 
with others. ENQUIRER. 

Augusta Co., Va. 

The land where the old apple trees have grown ought to 
be cultivated in some other crop for a year or two and be 
well enriched with acid phosphate and potash before re- 
planting apples again. The old trees will have largely ex- 
hausted the fertility of the land and merely freezing the soil 




and burning the old trees on the land will not restore this. 
Break the land deeply and give a dressing of lime on the 
top, harrow lightly and let lay for a month or two and then 
apply the above fertilizer and sow peas or some other le- 
guminous crop to be plowed down and thus restore humus 
and nitrogen to the soil. — Ed. 


I have five acres river land, a part of which is sandy, 
balance loamy, which I want to seed to black peas for hay 
crop. Will you kindly inform me in your next issue what 
is the best brand of fertilizer to use. and name the best 
variety of seed and proper time to seed? I have also 
about two acres of clay land I want to sow in peas for seed, 
would you sow broadcast or drill them? How many peas 
can be produced to an acre of good clay land, and what is 
the usual cost of gathering? Your valuable paper shall 
always belong to my household. Wishing you a prosper- 
ous New Year. SUBSCRIBER. 

Nelson Co., Va. 

Use no fertilizer but acid phosphate. Apply 3u0 or 400 
]>ounds to the acre. Whilst the common black pea or the 
clay pea gives good results usually for hay, yet the new 
variety — the "New Era" — is giving much better results 
wherever tried. Sow after the land has gotten warm, in 
May or June. 

For seed, plant the New Kra pea in rows 2 ft. 6 in. apart 
in the row and use about a peck and a half of seed per 
acre. Cultivate two or three times. The yield of seed va 
ries from 10 to 20 bushels to the acre — 15 bushels is about 
;in average crop. The cost of gathering is too great with 
the present cost of labor. They used to be gathered usual- 
ly on shares by the colored women and children. 
I)ut these cannot now be had in most places and they are 
unsatisfactory at best, as requiring constant supervision. 
The best way to gather the peas is to cut with a reaper 
or mower and make into hay and then thresh out with a 
wheat separator in winter after they have gone through a 
sweat in the mow. The separator should be run slowly 
and plenty of room be given around the drum to allow the 
peas to pass through easily, taking out part of the con- 
caves so as not to beat them too hard, or the peas will be 
much broken. — Ed. 


When and how should the "Johnson" grass be sown, how 
much seed to the acre? Will it grow on thin gray soil? 
I have heard it is a pest. Is it so? I would like to know 
if it is more of a pest than broom sedge. \\Tial kind of 
hav does it make and how much per acre? 

L. H. GOSS. 

Albemarle Co., Va. 

.lobnson grass should be sown in May or June, half a 
bushel to the acre broadcast It will grow on almost any 
kind of soil. In some sections of the South it is regarded 
as a pest and its growth is discouraged, but it is much 
more valuable as a hay grass than broom sedge. If not al- 
lowed to seed, it will not become a pest in a neighborhood, 
and in this State need never become a pest, as it can be 
killed out by winter plowing. It makes a fair hay, cut be- 
fore it seeds when in bloom, and gives a heavy crop. — Ed. 

1. I recently lost a fine registered Jersey Heifer. She 

was taken sick on December 22nd and died on the 27th. 
She was taken with a running off at the bowels and got 
worse and worse every day until she died. At the last, 
nothing came from her but m.ucus anU blood. Looked like 
a chill with hard case of Dysentery or Diarrhoea. What is 
the disease and what is the treatment, and is it infectious? 
The Heifer had been well fed and cared for and was in 
fine condition when taken sick. 

2. I live five miles from railroad depot and I wish to use 
lime on my land. Will it pay me to buy lime and pay 
freight and haul it this far? If so, where can I buy it 
the cheapest, and what will it cost. Can I buy it in sacks, 
or would I have to buv it loose in car? 


Pittsylvania Co., Va. 

We think the Heifer died from a severe attack of Diarr- 
hoea possibly brought on by a chill, as you suggest, or may 
be from something she had eaten. The course of the dis- 
ease was too rapid for Dysentery, which usually runs Its 
course very slowly. In cases of Diarrhoea, the best reme- 
dy, usually, is to give a pint of castor or linseed oil as 
soon as the disease manifests itself, and this frequently 
ends the trouble. If not. and the discharges continue, 
mix powdered galls 6 ounces and powdered gentian 2 ounc- 
es and divide into 12 powders. Give one powder three 
times a day until the passages present a natural appear- 
ance. The powders should be mixed in half a pint of 
whiskey and a pint of water. We do not think you need 
fear any infection from the case you have had. 

2. If you can buy and have the lime delivered at your 
depot at $4.00 per ton, it will pay you to use it. Mr. T. O. 
Sandy, of Burk\ille, will very probably be able to give you 
a good rate on lime at your depot. — Ed. 


1. Do you object to answering questions by mail if post- 
age is always enclosed for the answer? 

2. In planting corn, does it pay to drop fertilizer with 
it? If so, what is the best kind to use, and what amount 
per acre? 

3. In manuring land to be put in com this spring, how is 
the best way to apply manure to get the best results — put 
it on liefore the land is plowed so it can be plowed under, 
or apply it after the ground has been plowed and work it 
into the soil with the harrows? Some people put it on 
after the corn is planted with excellent results. 

4. WTiich will give best results, to follow lime with ma- 
nure or manure with lime, or does it make any difference? 
How long after one is applied should the other follow to 
get the best results? 

Loudoun Co.. Va. 

1. We answer hundreds of queries by mail everj- year, 
but the limitations of time and other duties make it impos- 
sible to answer all. and besides, we want to make this 
column useful to all our subscribers and not merely to 
one person. 

2. We are not in favor of dropping fertilizer in the hill 
with corn. Practically, such a system does not give the best 
results. Com is a veiy strong growing plant with a widely 
ramifying root system, and to put the fertilizer merely just 
where the seed is dropped is to encourage the plant to mere- 
ly seek its food just around the stalk, where not half the 
food it needs can be put with safety to the germ of the 
grain. The roots of a corn plant will, by the time it is 
ready to be worked the second or third time, have extend- 
ed half way across t"he land between the rows, if the soil 




Is In a finely worked condition, and the plant will be tak- 
ing its food from all this area, using the natural fertilizer 
In the soil. We have repeatedly made the assertion, and 
It Is founded on experiments made in nearly every state 
In the country, that commercial fertilizers can rarely be 
made to pay on corn crops. They may, and often do, in- 
crease the >-ieId, but rarely at a profit .Barn yard manure 
applied on a sod is practically the only fertilizer which re- 
sults in profit in corn growing. If commercial fertilizer is 
used, phosphoric acid is what is most needed on all lands 
east of the Blue Ridge. In all experiments made in this 
State, this has been found to be the controlling factor in 
the results. West of the Blue Ridge, potash has been 
found useful in many cases. Some nitrogen may be often 
found useful in starting the crop, but it is becoming more 
certain every day that corn can, as a rule, get all the 
nitrogen it needs from the soil when once a good start is 
secured. Whilst it is not yet determined how it gets this 
nitrogen, yet we believe it will yet be demonstrated that 
the com crop is a nitrogen gathering crop through microbic 
action. As a fertilizer for a com crop, if one is decided to 
be used,apply from 300 to 500 pounds of acid phosphate 
per acre, broadcast, before planting the corn, and then give 
a top dressing of 100 pounds of nitrate of soda per acre, 
after the crop has commenced to grow. Where potash Is 
needed, as In the section mentioned, we would use 100 
pounds of muriate of potash per acre along with the acid 

3. Apply the fertilizer broadcast after the land Is plowed, 
and work in with the harrow. Intercultural fertilization 
of the crop— this is, applying the fertilizer at intervals 
during the growth of the crop— is found on some lands to 
be advantageous. These lands are usually thin, poor lands, 
where the crop needs continuous new supplies of food to 
maintain its growth, there being nothing much in the land 
to help it. • 

4. Lime should be applied on land In the winter or early 
spring, immediately after it is plowed, and should be har- 
rowed in lightly. Used in this way, it at once commences 
to ameliorate the physical and mechanical condition of the 
soil and put it into a condition wherein it can usefully 
assimilate manure and other fertilizers. Manure can 
be applied to the land without fear of loss of any of its 
fertilizing ingredients from the action of the lime, in two 
or three weeks after the lime has been applied.— Ed. 


1. How is the best way to sow nitrate of soda broadcast? 

2. Where could I purchase Red Poll Heifer and Bull 
Calves at weaning time to raise? 

3. What breed of sheep would you suggest lor this coun- 
ty — Howard County, Md.? 

„ , „ T. R. PEDDICORD. 

Howard Co., Md. 

1. We have always sown nitrate of soda by hand broad- 
cast, like sowing wheat broadcast. It is not so caustic 
as to hurt the hands, though it is well to have a leather 
glove on the hand where much has to be sown. If the 
quanUty to be applied per acre is less than 100 pounds, 
we would mix some soil with It to make it easier to cover 
the whole area. 

2. You will find Red Polls advertised In this issue of 
The Planter. 

3. We think the Shropshires are the best sheep to keep 
in the South, as they acclimatise quicker than any other 
breed and maintain their size and other good qualities 
more certainly. If very early lambs are the object, Dorseta. 
are the best. They are doing well in many sections of the 
South.— Ed. 


Will you please let me know what is the best remedy to 
use for San Jose Scale? Also, if lime and sulphur are 
as effectual without salt as with it, and why the lime and 
sulphur solution has to be kept hot while spraying? 


Warren Co., Va. 

The lime, sulphur and salt solution is the most effectlTe 
remedy, and is practically a certain one, if used as advised 
by the Virginia Experiment Station. We presume the 
necessity for keeping it hot is keep the ingredients In solu- 
tion, as they are apt to separate when cold. — Ed. 


Please publish an article on hog raising, from the sow 
to the slaughter pen, discussing 1st, the care of the sow 
and her pigs. 2nd, What to plant for them to eat and how- 
to feed intelligently with the grazing. 

3. Can two crops of peas, maturing at different dates, 
be raised under the same fence? Will the hog turned on 
the crop maturing first damage the later crop perceptibly? 

4. If there are two crops, maturing at different dates, 
that one could grow, on which the hogs could feed on one 
and not damage the other — for instance, say, rye for spring 
feed and peas later — would they damage the pea crop be- 
fore maturing? E. A. ESTES. 

1. Want of space In this Issue prevents our dealing with 
the question of the breeding and raising of pigs, but we 
will take an early opportunity of writing an article on the 

2. In this issue will be found an article from Professor 
Soule of the Virginia Experiment Station, making sugges- 
tions for a series of hog pasture plots and the feeding 
of grain with the pastureage, to which we refer the Enquir- 

3. No. The hogs in grazing the first crop will so damage 
the second crop as to practically make it useless. Some- 
times a good stand of crimson clover can be secured when 
sown in a cowpea crop in July, which will make good, full 
grazing for the hogs, after the peas. The hogs should be 
taken off the peas as soon as they have practically con- 
sumed the greater part of the crop, and thus give the 
clover a fair chance of growth before being grazed. 

4. Yes. The hogs would damage the peas seriously, 
and make the growth so small as to be of little value. 
Peas should never be grazed too early or their feed value 
will be greatly reduced. The pods on the peas should be 
well set and partly matured before turning on the hogs, to 
secure the best results. Rye might be grazed early and 
then the stubble be turned down and peas be sown for 
a second crop. — Ed. 

"Canada has passed an order prohibiting the im- 
portation of hogs from the United States, prineipallj 
to preserve the quality of Canadian bacon, and the 
high reputation which it enjoys in Great Britain," 
says Live Stock Journal (England), January 5, 
1906. The large White Yorkshire is the brand chief- 
ly used for bacon making in Canada. 






-Mketixg ov Executivk Committee. 

The Executive Committee of the Virginia State 
Farmers' Institute met at the Agricultural College, 
Blacksburg, on the 16th of January, with the fol- 
lowing members present: 

Ex-Gov. J. Hoge Tyler, East Radford. 

T. O. Sandy, Burkeville. 

W. W. Eentley, Pulaski. 

J. R. K. Bell, Pulaski. 

Frank Bell, Dublin. 

James A. Otey, Blaeksburg. 

A Black, Blaeksburg. 

R. G. Koiner, Staunton. 

T. W. Jlvans, Concord Dejwt. 

J. L. Eakin, Blaeksburg. 

J. L. Moomaw, Cloverdale. 

J. F. Jackson, Richriiond. 

M. F. Slusser, Blaeksburg. 

W. O. Frith, Blaeksburg. 

H. L. David, Troutville. 

Andrew M. Soule, Blaeksburg. 

A number of other members of the Committee 
were unfortunately prevented from being present on 
account of business engagements elsewhere. These 
gentlemen expressed their appreciation of the work' 
this Institution was doing in the most emphatic man- 
ner and sent the heartiest expressions of approval to 
the Secretary to be delivered to the members of the 
Committee with reference to the efforts being made 
to secure proper facilities for equipping the College 
of Agriculture and expanding the work of the Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station so as to make it truly 
useful to all the agricultural interests of Virginia. 
Among the members sending greetings were Messrs. 
Joseph Wilmer, Rapidan ; Joseph Bryan, Eagle 
Point; Joseph R. Anderson, Lee; C. N. Stacy, Amel- 
ia; RolxTt Craig, Bristol; Jese Whitley, Indika; J. 
W. Flood, Appomattox ; John T.' Cowan, Cowan's 
Mills ; John R. Guerrant, Galloway ; George M. Muse 
Salem ; T. E. l^ininger, Troutville ; S. C. Coggin, 
Rustburg; J. F. Buchanan, Glade Springs. 

The meeting was called to order by cx-Gov. J. 
Hoge Tyler, Prof. Andrew M. Soule acting in the 
capacity of secretary. The first business considered 
was the preparation of the program for the next an- 
nual meeting. A number of valuable suggestions 
were made to the secretary, and he was instructed to 

try and secure the services of some of the most 
eminent men in this country. Among the names sug- 
gests] were those of Mr. Hale, the well kno\vn fruit 
man; Mr. Harris, the noted Hereford breeder; ex- 
Governor Hoard of Wisconsin; Assistant Secretary 
Hays, and Prof. Thomas Shaw, of Minnesota. The- 
secretary stated that the annual report was now in 
press, and but for the printers' strike would have 
been ready for distribution sometime ago. 

The place for holding the next annual meeting was 
ciinsidored. There were two applications before the 
Committee — one from Roanoke and one from Staun- 
ton. Mr. R. G. Koiner, the Staunton representative,, 
was present on behalf of his people and made a very 
strong appeal to the association. Owing to the fact 
that the rival claims of the two cities could not be 
decided without further consultation with various in- 
tej'ested parties, a committee was appointed consist- 
ing of Ex-Gov. Tyler and Prof. Soule. The commit- 
tee will take action at an early date. 

The committee next considered the work of the 
Agi'ieultural College and State Experiment Station 
located at this place. The work was fully explained 
to them by Prof. Soule. He showed that in the mat- 
ter of distributing innoculating material the Station 
had saved the farmers some $6,500.00 for an expend- 
iture of $1.50.00 for the maintenance of the Depart- 
ment of Bacteriology, exclusive, of course, of the 
salary of the professor in charge. It was also showit 
that $400.00 only were being spent by the Station 
for the promotion of the great horticultural interests 
of Virginia. E'urthermore, that the College farm 
was, in a large measure, self-sustaining, though con- 
ducting very important experiments on an extensive 
scale ; that the Plat Department was only receiving 
somctliing like $1,. 500.00 a year, though it was en- 
gaged in breeding and developing improved strains 
of different varieties of cereals and grains for dis- 
tribution to the farmers of the State, while in many 
other States as much as $5,000.00 and $6,000.00 was 
lieing spent for this purpose alone. It was also 
brought out that Xorth Carolina had just completed 
and equipped an agricultural building at a cost of 
more than $100,000.00; that Georgia had a bill be- 
fore its Legislature for a similar amount for the erec- 
tion of an agi'ieultural building; that many Southern 
Experiments Stations received large sums of monev 
for the develojunent of their work in addition to the 
appropriation from the Federal Government; and, 
while all this is true, there are about 100 sttidents in 




the Virginia College of Agriculture with 14 men in 
the senior class this year, and the Experiment Station 
is condiictini;' a variety of investigations of the most 
vital importance to Virginia agriculture at a much 
smaller cost, relatively, than many of the stations lo- 
cated in other Southern States. 

.\t the last annual meeting in Roanoke, the work 
of the Station and College was unanimously endors 
ed by more than 500 farmers who were present at that 
ineeting. TJie farmers of the State seem to have 
come to a true ajiiu-eciation of the value of agricul- 
tural education and the need of expanding the work 
of the Station in order that many problems which 
concern them intimately may be investigated at an 
early date. It was shown, very conclusively that the 
work of the Station had been effective in the last 
year, saving the State much more than it cost. In 
.■iprropriating- $10,000.00 a year additional for its 
nuiintenance atul supjiort the State would simply be 
acting as a loan agent to the Station. 

The question of agricultural education in all its 
phases was discussed, and it was the unanimous opin- 
ion that at least $50,000.00 would be needed to com- 
plete the agricultural building, and that only a mod- 
erate equipment would be provided for the sum of 
$25,'000.00. After a full discussion of the matter, 
the following resolution was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That in the opinion of the Executive 
Committee of Virginia State Farmers' Institute, the 
present Legislature shoiild be petitioned for- $75,000 
to complete and equip the agricultural building at 
Elacksburg, and for $10,000.00 a year additional for 
the maintenance and support of the Experiment Sta- 

At this juncture, the Exectitive Committee of the 
Board of Visitors of the Virginia Polytechnic Insti- 
tute informed the Committee that they were ready 
to hear their report on the needs of the agricultural 
department ; the conference with the Board of Visi- 
tors having been previously arranged for this day 
and lUite. They listened attentively to the reading 
iif the foregoing resohition and to its discussion by 
tlie various meml)ers present. The need of the ap- 
propriation and the strong sentiment in favor of de- 
veloping the agTicultural department were ably pre- 
sented to the Executive Committee of the Board by 
ex-Gov. Tyler, J. F. Jackson, T. O. Sandy and oth- 
ers. The Board expressed their high appreciation 
of the efforts being made to develop the agricultural 
department and assured the Committee of their in- 
terest and sympathy in thework, and of their desire 
to work in co-operation with them for the promotion 
of the best interests of the department concerned. 

Harmonious relations were thus firmly established, 
and the Executive Committee of the State Fanners* 
Institute appointed the following gentlemen to co- 
operate with the Board of Visitors <ind visit Rich- 
mond in the interest of the afore-mentioned appro 
])riation at a suitabie date to be determined on later: 
ex-Gov. ,1. Hoge Tyler, T. 0. Sandy, J. F. Jackson, 
editor of the Southern Planter; Jos. Wilnier, and An- 
drew M. So\ile, Director of the Experiment Stati(m. 

The following resolution was then presented by 
]Vrajor W. W. Bentley, and unanimously passed : 

Resolved, That the members of Congress for the 
State of Virginia be requested to support and urge 
the passage of such a modification of the tariff laws 
of this country as will result in the renewal of recip- 
rocal trade relations with Germany and other Euro- 
pean countries. 

The secretary was also insti"ucted by unanimous 
resolution to urge the Virginia delegation in Congress 
to support the resolution now before that body ask- 
ing the Federal Government to increase the amoutit 
of money now appropriated to the State Stations. 

There being no other business to come before the 
Association, adjournment was taken, subject to the 
call of the President. 

Elacksburg, Va., Jan 16, 1906, 

We most earnestly repeat our suggestion of last 
month that every farmer in the State of Virginia 
constitute himself a committee of one to urge upon 
his Senator and representative in the Legislature 
the absolute necessity for making the appropriations 
asked for in aid of the development of tlie agricul- 
tural work of the Agricultural a-nd Mechanical Col- 
lege, and of the Experiment Station of the State. 
The Agricultural building is about half built and at 
a standstill for want of money to complete it. The 
agricultural students have neither class rooms nor 
laboratories in which to pursue their studies, and 
cannot iiave imtil this building is completed and 
equipped, and the Experiment Station is crippled in 
its work for want of money to carry out much needed 
experimental work. Under the able guidance of 
Prof. Soule, this Station has taken on new life, and 
wdth proper support will soon take rank with the 
first Stations in the country. Prof. Soule is full 
of for his work and has rallied the farm- 
ers to his side. Give him the means to effectually 
carry on his work and every farmer in the State 
will soon realize that the College and Station are a 
power for good in the State. 

The State can afford to give the money; nay, it 
cannot afford not to do so! The farmers are the 




largest tax-payers and have the strongest claims to 
have their needs recognized in the way of facilities 
for the education of their sons as scientific farmers. 
The "rule of thumb" farmer is now out of date. 
See that your Senator and Representative imder 
stand this, and that you count on them to help you, 


Editor Southern Planter: 

As I had occasion to visit Mr. O. H. Swigart, of 
HI., (near Chicago), to buy some registered Galloway 
cattle, I planned the time so that I might see some- 
thing of the International Stock Show. This is the 
greatest live stock show in the world and is held an- 
nually at Chicago. There you see the greatest liv- 
ing individuals of the different breeds of horses, 
sheep, and cattle, also a fine display of fat barrows, 
in the hog department. 

The first thing that struck one in the cattle bams, 
was the fact that all five breeds shown, (Shorthorn, 
Hereford, Angus, Galloway and Red Poll), were 
good, any one of them good enough to please any 
lover of good cattle. 

The Angus men were there in all their glory. It 
would be hard to dream of cattle more perfect, and 
more beautifully fitted ; and in the carlots, the shiny 
blacks were above criticism. Out of perhaps a dozen 
of more carloads, there was not an animal that was 
not a good one. There were three carloads of these 
cattle, that were so perfect, that they might have been 
moulded instead of grown. 

The grand champion steer of the show was an 
Angus, and a good one, but he had plenty of good 

The Herefords were a close second to the Angus 
in this show, both in the breed classes, and carlot 
exhibit In fact, the Herefords won more prizes in 
the carlot competition than any of the other breeds. 
'No one could walk down the aisles and look over this 
collection and say that the Herefords were not a 
wonderfully fine breed of cattle. 

The Shorthorns made a woefully poor show, for 
so fine a breed of cattle. While some of the best 
animals of the show were among this breed, yet the 
Shorthorn men had more trash there than all other 
breeds combined. Also in the carlots, most of the 
trash were of this breed. 

It is a wonder that these breeders would do their 
cattle such injustice. The Shorthorn breeders are a 
queer lot anyway, as witness their fads for color and 

rules, barring out some of the best British Shorthorns 
from the American herd book. 

The Red Polls had some nice cattle, but some trash 
could be seen in their ranks. The weakness of these 
cattle as a beef breed, seems to be in lumping their 
fat too much. Some of the cows had fine udders, and 
they were my favorites of this breed. 

As a Galloway man, I was much pleased at the 
fine show this breed made. A good straight lot with 
little or no trash. The shaggy coats add to their looks 
and some of the Angus men curl their animals hair 
in imitation of their cousins. 

Tbe display of sheep and hogs alone, here, was 
worth a trip to Chicago. The Shropshires had the 
strongest showing, in numbers, but for real quality 
and beauty, there was one pen of Southdowns that 
in my opinion topped the whole lot The Berkshires 
and Poland Chinas were more numerous than other 
breeds in the barrow show. I rather thought the Berk- 
shires put up the best showing of anything there, 
taking them straight through. All the breeds of 
hogs, though, made a good showing. This show is 
well worth seeing, and all stockmen should try to 
attend, as it only means one trip a year, and that 
a most profitable one to the stockman. 

N. S. 

Gloucester Co., Va. 



For three years, beginning with 1892, my average 
com yields were between 120 and 150 bushels per 
acre. I cannot give the exact figures. For the last 
ten years the yields, measured in the field at husk- 
ing time, have averaged 127 bushels per acre. The 
highest average yield was in 1896, when I secured 
171 bushels and the lowest in 1898, when the crop 
was damaged by hail and the average yield was only 
86 bushels. The variety is a yellow dent with Leam- 
ing strain, the result of 13 years' selection. My 'soil 
is an upland limestone and seven, two-horse loads 
of barnyard manure are applied per acre. The 
ground is plowed in the spring from 8 to 10 inches 
deep and shallow culture is given during the summer. 
The area cultivated is from 13 to 14rJ acres. — C. M. 
Leiter, Washington County, Md. 

E. H. Goodwin, whose place is near Manassas, 
Prince William county, Va., has sold to Vice-Pres- 
ident Fairbanks, of Washington, a pair of very hand- 
some roadsters, the price being reported as $1,000 





Southern Planter 





Editor and General Manager. 


BuBlneBS Manager. 

B. W. RH0AD8 
Western Representative, 914 Schiller Bld'g. 

will be furnished on appUcatlon. 

■nbicribers In the United States and Canada 
at We, per annum; all torelsn coimtrlss and 
the city e( Richmond, 75c. 

REMITTANCES should be made direct to 
this efflce, either bj Registered Letter or 
Money Order, which will be at our risk. 
When made otherwise we cannot be respoB- 

NO ANONYMOUS csmmunlcatiens or en- 
QOlriee wUl receive attention. 





Difficulty in Churning 124 

Peanuts 124 

Corning Beef — ^Woinna in Sheep — 

Alfalfa 124 

Tobacco Growing 124 

Sheep — Cowpeas — Orchard Man- 
agement 124 

Burning Lime 125 

Fruit Trees Dying 125 

Oat Seeding--Grass Seeding— Al- 
falfa 125 

Warts on Cattle 125 

Cowpeas — Sowing Acid Phosphate 

With Inoculated Seed 125 

Cotton Planting 126 

Fertilizer for Irish Potatoes — Sub- 
soiling 126 

Sheep for Tidewater, Va 126 

Sawdust for Bedding for Stock... 126 
Plows — Calf Raising — Top Dress- 
ing Grass Land 126 

Alfalfa 127 

Sheep Keeping — Trumpet Vine... 127 

Planting Apple Trees 127 

Cow Peas 12S 

Johnson Grass 128 

Disease of Cow-Lime 128 

Answering Questions— Fertilizing 

Com 128 

Nitrate of Soda — Red Poll Cattle 

—Sheep 129 

San Jose Scale 129 

Hog Raising 129 


To Advertisers. 

Be sure to send in your copy or 
instructions on or before tlie 25 th 
of the month for the following 
month's issue. This is imperatire. 


We hare reserved a supply 
of our January issue with which 
to start new subscriptions. We 
suggest, however, that those 
wishing to begin with this num- 
ber, send in their orders at 
once. The supply is limited 
and the demand is quite brisk. 


The wonderful industrial progress 
made by the South in the year just 
closed, is emphasized by the fact that 
the Southland leads all the rest of the 
country in the proportion of banks es- 
tablished, as shown by recent reports 
of the United States Treasury Depart- 

Promoters of such enterprises never 
locate in an unprospierous, unprogres- 
sive community. That fact in itself 
is a recognition of the progress being 
made in all industrial lines, and the 
development | of these industries, vast 
though they have been, are in a 
measure small, as compared with 
what could have been accomplished 
if the means were at hand of giving 
the proper sort of publicity to the 
various enterprises. The latter need 
has demonstrated to one of the larg- 
est general advertising agencies the 
importance of maintaining a thorough- 
ly equipped office on the ground. 

Nelson, Chesman & Co., of St. Louis, 
General Newspaper and Magazine Ad- 
vertising Agents, have established a 
branch office at Chattanooga, Tenn., 
and will do a general newspaper and 
magazine advertising business 
throughout the South. In these days 
of rapid-fire service distance counts 
immensely, and the location selected 
for this latest branch of the Chesman 
Agency not only facilitates the work 
of securing desirable contracts but al- 
so insures quick and unusually effi- 
cient distribution of copy for custom- 
ers in distant parts of the 'country. 

Nelson Chesman & Co. is one of the 
oldest' firms of General Newspaper 
and Magazine Advertising Agents in 

Wood's Seeds. 

Second Crop 
Seed Potatoes 

go further in planting than other 
Seed Potatoes, yield better and 
more uniform crops, and are in 
high favor \rith truckers and 
potato growers wherever planted. 

Our stocks are of superior 
quaUty, uniform in size, and 
sent out in full-.size barrels. 

Vrrite for prices, and Wood's 
1906 Seed Book, giving full and 
interesting informatiun about 
Seed Potatoes. 

T.W. Wood & Sons, Seedsmen, 


We carry the largest stoct of Potatoes 

in the South. Maine, Northern. 

grown and Second Crop Seed. 

Write for prices. 

Year Round' 


the wJie. Because they're good all through. 

Genoine Split Hichorr, thebiepeet baggy barcain 
I of the year. 80 Days Free Trial. 2 year direct 
I steel-clad guarantee. Write and tell ue what st '" 

vehicleyou will want. 190tt Oatalog— lOOstyle- 
isdy. Free. Send ^^^^^^^^ 

''''°°''- ^P^R*^'; 

ITheOhloCarrlaaB X W/ V /tWJ "« i 
Mtg. Co. 

.H.C- Pholpe.Prel. 
- i.n 294 



muicf t.mnv'^'ifvw^''' 


Main and Tenth Streets. 

CAPITAL AND PROFITS, - - " $1,134,938.14. 

Specl»J attention p»ld to ont-of-town acceimta. Corr»ipoHdenc» Invited. 
Three per cant, interest allowed In Savings Dapartmant, ; 
Compoiinded leml-uniwllr. 





We'll send the Mill 
— we're not afraid. 
You try its speed, 
its strength, the 
kind of grinding. 
HB^^ Compare with others. No 
sale and no cost to you if vou are not 

&tt New HoUand 


The low priced mill that does every kind ear 
corn and eraincrindinccoHrsu or tine. Makes 
excellent table meal. A rapid crinder and is 
stronfi and easy runnin?. Several styles and 
sizes. With or without elevator and bairger. Wc 
also have the best and fastest cutting Wood 
Saw made. Send for free booklets. 


< to Days Free* 

LiUil Double Cut 

Feed Grinders 

Cn Ten D ysTriji— H, M-<ney in Advance 
K -t dnos not trrin'i at lea^t *." ',0 m"re enr-corn or 
"rl.rr«niiii than uiiy otiiei- 1">, li,jr«(j nwcep mill 
iiiHUf, Hi'tid It t'a'rk at fin- expense. Don't ml^s 
till.* offer. Ball.braring thrnnifhoiie. Onlyiurt 
^weep. Lffrhldralt. Oplnilin-j- rlnsa never tonch 
eucli other— they In-t lor yire. Both irrliKlers 
olve, aelf-clt'ftnintr. Ask for new Catulotrue. 


If it don't suit, rctinn it. We'll pay freight. 

Quaker City 


lire sold on aljove proposi- 
tiMii. Ucducfd price tliis 
year. 4ilycur8oii (lie market. 
8 si/e.s. Jfall lieuriiii;. (irinilx ear corn uud 
small grain. Send for free oataloj;. 

8717 FllWrlSt., rhiln.. Pi. 
l;-48CuialSI., I'hluKo.lU. 



1 earth. Write us for 

FREE 40-pa(;c Cata- 

loK C. Showing fifty 

I slyle;; .nnJ "-.l/es. 

fiE FOOS MFG. CO., Springfield, Ohio 


Second hand bagS 

I Pay Freight. Write for Pricea. 

QBO. T. KINO, Richmond, Va. 

tlie business. Their main office is at 
?t. I.ouis, with Mr. Conrad Budke in 
charge, where Mr. Nelson Chesman 
siivos his undivided attention to a vast 
vohinio of business, as well as in Chi- 
(•;i«o, where Mr. Arthur A. Willson, 
till' remaining member of the corpora- 
tion, handles a line of advertising, 
meater in all probability than the to- 
tal output of many prominent adver- 
tising agencies. 


That is the brief, but significant, 
eoniment made in a recent testimonial 
about Kendall's Spavin Cure. The 
writer of it put much in little. He ex- 
pressed no new ideas; he did not con- 
cern himself with the way, the how, 
or the why, but he put in expressivr- 
form the great fact that is testified to 
by so many thousands of people, 
namely: That Kendall's Spavin Cure 
Is the standard dependable remedy for 
the commonest ailments of horses. 

The common ailments of horses are 
not many. But while few, they are 
liable to come at any time. The best 
kep,t horses and the ones with least 
care are alike subject to these com- 
mon ailments among which might be 
mentioned spavins, ring-bone, lame- 
ness, splints and curbs. It is a happy 
circumstance that these ailments on 
all horse flesh, no matter in what 
country, require no variation in the 
treatment. And it is also a happy cir- 
cumstance for horse owners that they 
may have always at hand so inex- 
pensive and so dependable a remedy 
for iust these characteristic ailments 
as is Kendall's Spavin Cure. Even 
the most stubborn cases yield to it 
It is to be had at any drug store, 

Philo. Washington Co., Md., 

Sent. 15, 1901. 

Dr. S. A. Tuttle, 
Dear Sir: Your medicine, sent me 
about three weeks ago, came all right. 
You asked me to write you after using 
the Family Elixir on myself two 

Ir reply if affords me such pleasure 
to inform you that I am much im- 
proved, in so short a time. My first 
injury was to the spinal nerve across 
the right kidney, in August, 1856. 
Then in August. l.SflO, 1 met with an- 
other accident, having my arm, finger 
and ribs broken, and being other wise 
injured. I feel rejoiced in making 
such an improvement in so short a 
time, after suending hundreds of dol- 
lars for medical aid, besides being in- 
formed that my case was incurable. 
T am using the medicine both internal- 
ly and externally, according to your di- 
rections. In short, I am beginning to 
feel natural, like I did in my boyhood 

I have also used your medicine ac- 
cording to directions, on my animal 
for fistula, about which I have written 
you. The fistula is about gone. I 
shall write you again in the course of 
two weeks. Yours, with gratitude, 


The Dairy Problem Solved, 
and Solved Rightly. 

Ik cows, the prob- 
ike the most dollars froin 
them has been up for solv- 
ing. After centuries of ex- 
periment the way has been 

An Easy Running 


will get these dollars for 
will get 



all. Thi: 

periment. it is an 
fact proven by year 
perience by farmers the 
country over, 
why; we want to tell vou 
Write, and get our free books on dairy- 
Read these; then investigate the Empire. 
result can only be one thing, a complete 
proof that our statements are true. 
Empire Cream Separator Co., Bloomfield, N. J. 
Creamtiry Chum Mfrs. . Agents. Loui<<ville. Ky. 


Starts Fortune 

If jou bad a gold mine would you 
•waste half the gold? Dairies are 
surer tliau gold mines, yet 
farmers without separators only half 
skim their milk. Tubular butter is 
worth 25 to 35 cents. Cream Is worth 
one cent fed to siock. Are you 
•wasting cr<-nnii 




Like a Crowbar 

Tubulars are regular crowbars — 
get right under the trouble. Get the 
cream— raise the quantity of butter 
—start a fortune for the owner. 
■Write for catalog U-'.;90 







abrasive kii< 

pressure iieeded,does 

not draw temper or 

heat tools. Every 

borne needs It. Write 

for price and cirt'u 

!ar. A few good 

AKents wanted. 

ROYAL MFC. CO.. 85 E. Walnut St., LanamUr 

P R U S S I A M 

Ctiri'M Ooutrli. Pistemper, all Throat 
ntui LiiiiuTrnuhle. I'uritlfs th.: tilood 
Purs tlm nniniril in condition. SOc. 
PriigslnnRpineavOn. Sr. pnnl, Minn. 








Is the handiest thing on the farm, be- 
cause it is the one wagon for every 
farm purpose; because it does worli 
no other sort of a wagon is suitable . 
for; malces work lighter for horse 
and man; loads and unloads easier 
than tbe bi;;h-wheel wagon; runs 
lighter over any kind of ground; 
wears longer and sells at treasonable 
price. Sold bv dealers everywhere. 
48 page catalog tells the whole wagon 
storv'. Send direct to us for a copy— 
you'll be Interested in the story. 
Branclics: ICaiisas City and Dcs Moine 

Jl,„ m.^Wr, if /-ormn-l Ha^d; Bay old .<"«* «' 
^d Eanjy All "trtl fro™ Silo,. CM-gafra 


^'- - " -i,'"--V'' II'" 1 

33 Years Selling Direct 

Our vehicles and harness have been sold 
direct from our factory to user for a third of 
a century. We ship for examination and ap- 
proval and guarantee safe delivery- You 
are out nothing if not satisfied as to style, 
quality and price. We are Ihe largest manu- 
lacluera In the world selling to the con- 
sumer exclusively. We make 200 styles of 
Vehicles, 65 styles of Harness. Send for 
large free catalog. 





, book, the finest ever printed. It tells all about 
iny Mftde-to-Order Paint— Best in the world. Book has 
large double pages of color samples, grt-at variety 

Get the book; 




There are many kinds of wire fence, 
but the requisites are first, that it 
shall be strong to hold up against and 
withstand all extreme strains, give 
then flexibility, to take all ordinary 
shocks, give and come back to its 
original shape, so as not to stay 
sagged or bent. 

These two very Important qualities 
are found in the superlative degree in 
fence made by the American Steel & 
Wire Co.. Tlieir fences are not only 
constructed fi'om extra long fibre steel 
wire, strong and flexible, but this is 
salvanized heavily to protect it from 
the weather and prevent rusting out. 
This concern operates thirty big 
plants and all make every known kind 
of wire, from the stiffest, required in 
piano manufacture, to the finest — al- 
most silky — fibre which is woven into 
wire cloth. With such extensive facil- 
ities, and opportunity to observe their 
PjToducts under all sorts of conditions, 
it is not surprising that they should 
be able to produce wire surpassing in 
quality all other kinds. 

And the enormous quantity they 
make enables them to reduce the cost 
to a point where they can sell the very 
best wire at prices very much lower 
than other concerns have to ask. 

Steel is the very best material for 
fences because it is the strongest sub- 
stance made. Its invention and de- 
velopment have made possible modem 
skyscraper buildings, bridges of 
hitherto impossible length and height, 
and transportation in trains and 
steamships to which you trust your- 
self with every confidence in their 
strength and capacity to insure your 
Ijerfect safety. 

Hence it is the safest and most re- 
liable material for fence. And, if it 
is properly galvanized and woven and 
put up as it should be, it will last 
for many years and give your land 
liprmanent pji'otection. 

And Amercan fence — fence made by 
the Amercan Steel & Wire Co. — is so 
constructed that you can 'adjust it to 
any uneveness in your ground and 
maintain uniformity throughout. It's 
lateral wires are big, continuous 
pieces, very tough. and durable; while 
the upright, or stay wires, are hinged 
upon the lateral wires so that there 
can be no giving way. This makes a 
perfect square mesh fence. 

American fence wire is annealed as 
it is drawn, which makes it stronger 
than ordinary fence wire. American 
fence is sold through dealers to give 
buyers the benefit of personal atten- 
tion: but, if your dealer does not keep 
it. put off buying until you can write 
the makers and get a catalogue. That 
will enable them to see that your in- 
terests are properly looked after. 

Address the American Steel & Wire 
fo. at any of they branch headquarters 
— rhicago. New York. Denver or San 

Can Save a Lot of WorKf 
Can Save a Lot of Mone ti 

Can Increase Your Comtort.l 
C^n Increase Your Prollti." 

nterested in those things i^ 
send you our new book about 


Wl# ELECTmT"^"^^agon 

^ More than a million and a quarter of them ar« 
In use and .several .hundred thousand farmera say 
that they are the bes. jnv jstment they ever made. 
They'll save you m^ire money, more work, give bet 
ter service and greater satisfaction Chan any other 
metal wheel made^ -because They're Made Better. 
Ky every test they are the best. Spokes united to 
tlie hub. If ihcy work loose, your money back. 
l>i.n't buy wheels nor wagon until you read our 
book. It may save you many dollars and it's free. 


Box 146 Quinoy, Ills. 


Trade Mark 

Stands for quality. 

Costs no more. Don't 

buy the unknown kind. 


Everything of the best and made to order. 

30 Days Free Trial. 2 years steel-clad J 

direct gruarantee. Write and tell us the J 

style of vehicle you need. 1906 Cata- / 

logue, 180 pasres, now ready . Wri te , 

for it today. It's free. 

^Tbe Ohio Carriage Mfg. Co. 

H. G. Phelpa, Pr«i. 

O Station 2M 

^CloclDDaH, Otlo. 


ciid 4 UuBsy » h»el.. 8leei Tire OD - ♦T.75. 
Rubtar Tire., *14.50. I m<%. wheel! K to 4 in. 
. Top Bug?ieB, |28 75: Sleiglia. $10,75. "" '" 
og, LpRrn how to bUT dir^ci^Repulr Wl 
* WagoD iJmbrell*FREK ' " 


),000 offered for one !»■ 

vention: $8,500 for another. 

Book "How to Oblain a Palenl" and 

I "What lo Invent" sent free Send 

roueh sketrh for free report as to 

patentabilitv. We advertise yoor 

patent for sale at our expense. 

Chandlee « Chandlee, Patent Attorneyi. 

S<5 F. Street. Washlnaton. D. C. 





Nowadays uuy one who lias a patch of ffronnd 
for growing vegetnblt'S. 4-an eujuy all the <le- 
Bghls and prollts of gardiMilog wlUlnut the hard 
work that made thla pursuit drudgcri- before the 
iDTPntion of I'LANliT J II. garden •lols. 
(amnus Implements, now known and used tlie 
world over, worked a revolution In the methods 
•f the farm and truek gardener. ' Their use has 
resulted In an Immense saving of time, lahnr 
and money, because with PLANET JU. tools 
one man can easily do the work of three to six 
men In the old way, and do it better, too. The 
PLANET JK. line Is made by S. L. Allen & 
Co., In good old Philadelphia, famed for ila 
many substantial and reliable manufacturers. 
The PLANET JR. covers a great variety of 
enltlvating and seeding tools. — Plain and Com- 
bined Seeders. Wheel Hois. Hand Cultivators, 
Borse Harrows, Kiding Cultivators (one and 
two row). Sugar Beet Cultivators, etc. 

One of the most popular of the PLANET JR. 
family is the No. 25 Combined Hill and Drill 
Seeder and Double Wheel Hoe Cultivator and 
Plow. This is a time and labor saving tool 
without an equal. Here Is what It will do: It 
drops in hills or sow.^ In drills all garden seeds 
with the greatest repuliirltv. In a narrow line, 
to the exact deiith required. Plants in coutin- 
nons rows or hills; marks the next row; loosens 
Boll; kills weeds; cultivates all depths: furrows; 
ridges, etc. Works between or outside rows to 
or from plants. Extremely light running; 
changes made almost Instantly. This tool will 
enable you to save seed, time and labor, and 
will make you larger and more uniform crops. 

If you are Interested in gardening, be sure 
to write S. L. Allen & Co.. BOXI107X , Phila- 
delphia, for their splendid new lone catalogue, 
which Is full of beautiful half-tone cuts of char- 
acteristic scenes In farm and garden life. This 
▼aluable and interesting book will be sent yoo 
free for the asking. 


Peas, Beans. Beets, 

Buckwheat, etc. 

and Fer- 



Belcber & Taylor A. T. Co., 

Bos 28. Chicopee Falls, Mass. 

:ep your cattle 





■ Easy, sii 



■ 'I'"" mL-M 

II h 


e 11. .s 

h. Mono 

back 1 1 







Phillips. Bo 

X 4i 




Before deciding about new incubators 
or brooders, it will be wortb your 
while to get the "Victor Book." It is 
full of practical Information that will 
be of benefit to any poultry raiser. If 
you are going to buy a machine, you 
want every bit of information you can 
get. The "Victor Book" will be sent 
absolutely free to you. 

You will find two-thirds of the space 
in it devoted to articles of general in- 
terest to the poultryman. The other 
third tells why Ertel machines make 
more money for their owners. You 
should have the book. It is a ques- 
tion of profits with you. You owe it 
to your own pocketbook to know that 
you are getting all the chicks possible 
from your money and time. Get the 
"Victor Book" before you buy because 
the cost of the eggs and oil and time 
you waste on a cheap machine would 
pay the difference between a cheap 
one and one of the Ertel quality. It 
begins at the beginning and tells all 
the facts about lumber, about copper 
tanks, lamps, burners, regulators, — 
things you'll have to know about to 
operate an incubator successfully. 
Better write now. 

Say "Geo. Ertel Co., Quincy, III. 
Send me the "Victor Book." A postal 
will do. You will be glad when you 
get the book. 


Stumps left standing in the field are 
expensive luxuries. They are not 
sightly, but that is, the least consid- 
eration. They make the land hard to 
work, being, trying on both man and 
team. But the worst feature is the 
waste. They take up so much of the 
land and the very best land of the 
field. By doing just a little figuring 
any farmer with a stumpy field can de- 
termine that ne is out of pocket a good 
sum in cash or its equivalent each 
year by letting the stumps stand. 
This waste is entirely unnecessary. 
With the modern appliances manufac- 
tured by the Milne Mfg. Co., of Mon- 
mouth, 111., for doing just this kind of 
work, it is an easy matter to clear a 
piece of stumpy ground. Their Com- 
l)ination Stump Puller, which can be 
anchored by itself or to near-by 
stumps, is an excellent piece of ma- 
chinery. A man, boy, and team can 
accomplish wonders with it in a short 
time. There are many idle days that 
might profitably be devoted to this 
work. If the machine were on hand, 
in the shed, the work would actually 
he done. It would much more then 
n^turn its cost the first year, and the 
time of operating It would not be 
missed either. 

This Combination Puller is adver- 
tised elsewhere In this paper. The 
Milne people will be glad to corre- 
spond with any one interested. 

When corresponding with our adver- 
tisers, always mention the Southern 

rThe Machine That 
Raised the Price 
of the Farm. 

"Between the Com Rows." the horse 
guides the machine with the shafts. 
Over 4,000 sold in 190S. 
REMEMBER. This is not a walkine affair 

wiih weight boxes, but a 

Modern Five (5) Disc Drill 

It is strone, durable, efficiert and licht 
dr.-ift. Write at once for free circu- 
lar F. D. 


Ectatiishcd iSsS Box 1 B , MIddtolown, Ohio. 

If You Sow Seed. 

I A free copy of an address on 




Watson's Ranch, 
Kearney, Neb. 
(The laraest in the 
mill be mailed to 
you by the mak- 
ers of the aecu- 
rate and durable 

63 Main Street. Antrim. N. D. 




Belnff made of aluminum ESI* 

tlicy are the lightest, strong* 

••t and brightest ear ta^s 

made. Wiir not tarnish, 

rust nor corrode. 'Will not tear out and cannot be rubbed 

Olf. Nothing to citch on feed troughs, etc. Easily set in any 

part of e.-kf. Best and most durable marker made.. 

Free Sample, cataJogiic and prices mailed on request. 

Wilcox & uarvej lifg. Co.. 199 Uko St., Chicago, lll«> 


Wllh . FOLDIHG SAinSI HArHINE. 8 COHnS bj ONE Bill I. 
10 houn. s,nd tor FREE Ulo.. c.lalop.e ,howl„u l.U'st iraprOT.. 
mcnfi and t«Bllinom«lB from tlimi.anrls. Flr^tt or.l.TaecarM.eencT 

Poldloit Sawlag Macb. Co., IS8 E. Harrison St., Cblcato, III 






Simple, high. 
ly efficient,, 
durable, are 
specially ^sLB 
adapted to 
farm uses. 

Widely known as the .[uirkpst. ensiest 
stfeamers binlt. We mak.- Uiem Portable, 
Horizontal, Upright. Engines mounted on 
boilers or detached. No otlier stvleof power 
will give you such satisfactory service. We 
want to tell you the reasons why. We ask 
every Planter reader who wants a, depend- 
able power to write us todav tor our book, 
"Power Economy and Efficiency." 

The James Leffel 
<& Co., 

Box 154, Springfield, Ohio. 

Incrcaie Quality and Quantity of your Apple Crop 
and you iucrease your Income. De- 
crease your expense for Spraying, 
Land do It better than by hand, by 
fusing our 1% and'ij^ H. P. Alr-Coolcd 
I Engines. Write for Oatalogue 9. 
R.l£. DKYO&Co.,Binghamton,N,Y 


new and second hand, from 2 to 100 H. P. 

TRACTION ENGINES, 8225.00 each; 6 H. P. 
Vertical Engine and boiler, 8110.00; 3 H. P. 
Vertical Boiler and engine, $80.00; 12 H. P, 
Vertical Boiler and engine, $160,00; 22 inch Corn 
Burrh, $50,00; Corn crushers from $10.00 to 
25,00; Gas and (Tasollne Engines all sizes, new 
and second hand boilers from 2 to 100 H. P. 
New boilers of every description made to order 
CASEY MCH. CO., Springfield, Ohio. 

WilUanis" Pump Co., 469Bsrmos St., IndlaiupoHs, Xad. 


»wC lllll UIVC The best and liandsoniest 
Galvanized Steel Rural Mail Box made, to the tirst 
person sending address of parly canvassingr for peti- 
tions fornew Rui^l Route. Wrile today, 
K£.'(ltlK\ STiaPl.M! CO., DEW. 3i LlillSVILLE, B\. 


Editor Southern Planter: 

The general lay of the country 
throughout this entire region is level 
and gently rolling; in many places the 
land does not rise greatly above tide- 
water. In the Norfolk area eight or 
ten feet is the general average. In 
the other sections visited, the eleva- 
tion is considerably greater, but for 
the most part the soil seems to be 
filled with water; in fact, it ap- 
proaches so closely to the surface in 
many instances that drainage is a 
necessity, particularly where truck 
crops are grown. In general char- 
acter the soil is sandy, but it varies 
greatly from a sandy loam to a type 
of soil containing a considerable 
amount of clay. In many cases the 
subsoils are clayey in nature, general- 
ly of a light yellow color, but some- 
times having a decided reddish cast, 
typical of the upland clays of the 
State. For the most part the soil is 
friable and easy to work, though beds 
of clay occur here and there, and 
when this land is underdrained and 
farmed intelligently, it is wonderful- 
ly productive, and the very long grow- 
ing season enables the farmers to 
raise two or more crops per year. 

The general agricultural practice of 
this section of the State is not so well 
developed as the natural conditions 
warrant, but there is a spirit of pro- 
gress evidenced that Is delightful to 
come in contact with, and the general 
belief in the need of agricultural edu- 
cation and of following scientific 
methods in farm work are the best 
evidence that the defects in the pres- 
ent system will soon be overcome. 

In the trucking region the practice 
is well-nigh perfect and farming is 
conducted after the latest and most 
successful methods of practice known. 
Fertilizers are used in abundance; 
probably sometimes in larger amounts 
than the results justify, and especially 
as the maintenance of soil fertility, 
particularly the content of nitrogen 
and humus through the use of legu- 
minous crops does not seem to have 
met with much favor up to the pres- 
ent time. The belief of the trucker 
is that he can not afford a rotation 
of crops, but that it is cheaper and 
better for him to use heavy applica- 
tions of commercial fertilizers. This 
is all right in so far as it goes, but 
the maintenance of a soil in a desir- 
able mechanical condition is a very 
important matter and can only be ac- 
complished through adding vegetable 
matter to the soil from time to time. 
If abundant supplies of farmyard ma- 
nure can always be had this will be a 
comparatively simple matter, but as 
farmyard manure is a difficult article 
to oljtain in a region where stock 
raising is practically undeveloped, 
some other means of maintaining 
humus must be resorted to, and the 
growing of crops in a rotation offers 
one of the best means of solving this 
difflcult problem. That something of 


p^ GENUINE ''^ 

Split Hickory 

fTop bugfry eruaranteed solid rubber^ 
tires. Everything of the best. 30 days 1 
J free trial. 2 years direct factory-to-you I 
[| guarantee. Worth double the price. Write I 
i and tell us what style vehicle you willf 
I buy. Free 1906 Catalogue. 180 pages, j 
y 100 styles— now ready. 

■■JP^ H. C. Phelps, Fres. ^^^^^f t 

|50 Station294 ^WM^ 


Get the Best 


good pump. As prac- 
tical fruit growera we 
using the com- 
sprayera In our 
^^„„ orcliards— found 

• - their defects and then Invented 
: The Eclipse. Its Huccess 

• practical ly forced us Into man- 
! ufacturing on a large scale. 
" You take no chances. We have 

done all the experimenting. 

Lar^e fiilli/ illustrated 

Catalogue and Treatise w^ 
on Spraying— FREE, ^ 

MOKRILIi A: MORLET. Benton Harbor. Mich. 


All brass, easiest work- 
ing, most powerful, auto- 
matic mixer, expansion 
valves, double strainer. 
Catalo^e of Pumps and 
Treatise on Spraying free. 

J.'f. Gaylord, Box h-2 CatiWll, N. t> 



3jg 'saoScAi 'Sniissjaisipi 
\ -saiqe^aSsA 'ssotA ' 
uiojj XBJds panoj JoiPi^ » I'^nv P' 
lllt-w, sjinS3J5i(', SDi.ttj Si^o -MON Bumiouios I 

jaABjds .,?oiM-»u«H.. ^HX 

ell Oralis 

For Horse, Steam or Gasoline Power 

WelB Augers 

For Horse Power 






BBBP WELL DRILLING a ipeclalty. 
Eatlmatei made free of charge In all locall- 
tle«. If Ton want any work done writ* 
U. 8. BCHAILL, Mlchaoi, Va. 

and Wtatokr.T BabiU 

cured at Uoiiie without 
pain. Book of particulars 

______^_^___ sent FREK. B. H. 






Fertilizeri Drill 

Handles All 




V'lli-t '■hant-^s fn.m drill- 
Write tor 

^'u^Illsh«l»•lll,^ll.■lrls or 1 
dBsinpUve circulars aud lestlni. 
Spselal Larga Sl<«, Sow* 8 Feat 3 Inehaa Wide 

Belcher S Taylor A. T. Co.. 

Chicopee fallt. Hass. 


Th»i will thciro.ijilily |."lveil/.f anrt . wnly <1!s 
tribute from one liuii(lr.^il |.ouDi1> i.i ten t"iis 
|ier acre mide In twoslze^ l.y J. »\. l.iND*Ey. 


Steel Ball Coupling Cultivator 

With DouDle Row Corn 
Planter and Fertilizer 
Attachment Complete 

The HENCH & DROMGOLn CO. Mlrs.. York. Pa. 

AlwH.vB m>»pHon the px'i'hfrn Hlaut 
tT when writing ndvertlstTb. 

this nature must be done is evidenced 
by the complaint of certain truckers 
that the lands do not respond as well 
to commercial fertilizers as they for- 
merly did, and that their crops in 
some instances are more subject to 
various diseases than they used to be. 
For the ideal cultivation of the land, 
however, and the highest type of agri- 
cultural production. the trucking 
region in the vicinity of Norfolk is 
probably unsurpassed anywhere in the 
United States. It is certainly a de- 
light to witness the perfection of 
practice shown here; the clean, beau- 
tiful beds of spinach and kale now be- 
ing fully develoved and only await- 
ing a favorable market. This region 
is one of the greatest, if not the great- 
est, trucking section in the Vnited 
States, the output of various crons be- 
ing simply enormous and the price of 
lands little short of fabulous. The 
profts made on a ten acre farm in 
the trucking region in a favorable sea- 
son read like a fairy legend, and yet 
one who has seen what has been 
accomplished there realizes the truth 
of every statement put forth, even by 
the most enthusiastic citizen of this 
section of the State. Pity it is that 
the high culture and the wonderful 
success achieved by the truckers of 
this region could not be fully appre- 
ciat-^d in every section of the State 
and the soils of Old Virginia from 
the highest mountain to the level of 
the sea made to produce to their full 
cap.icity. For when that day comes, 
as it certainly must, the agricultural 
production of the State and the wealth 
consequent thereon, will be quite be- 
yond the appreciation of the citizen 
of to-day. 

The most important fact that a 
study of this region brings out is the 
surprising productiveness of soils that 
wer= thought for ivany years to be 
worth compaiativelv little and that 
aro simply tvpical of vast areas of 
land in Tidewater Virginia that can 
easily be brought nnd r cultivation 
and made as highlv productive as 
thns.^ of the Norfolk area. It is won- 
derful: indeed marvellous what has' 
been accomplished in this region. It 
is strange, surpassing strange .that 
with the evidences of prosperity and 
wealth gathered from the soil that 
greater efforts have not been made 
to induce immigration and to develop 
thousand of acres of land which lie 
iust back of the great truckine region 
au'l are comparatively unproductive 
nnd surorisingly cheap to-day. It is 
ren'arkable that a section so favored 
by climatic and soil conditions as the 
Tidewater region of Virginia should 
have been overlooked by the thou- 
.sands of immigrants who yearly come 
into the country and who seek to be- 
come land owners at the earliest pos- 
sible date. We simply need to ad- 
vertise to the world our wonderful 
natural resources to secure our full 
quota of a very desirable class of im- 
mi-rrants. for the farmers of the North 
and west by the hundreds, yes, even 


The only way to make dairylDg ■ (acces* 
■ ad pleasure 15 to use a 

the kind that gives satUlactlon. 

QUAK' R cn Y W. iy\. & PUMP CO,, 
144 N. 7th. street, Philsdrirhia, Pa. 

Write iMf i-a1alofiU' nrd prices. 

Clark's Tools for Large Hay Crops 

Clirk't Rc>. Buib Ploa and Harrow 
a irai-k .=. (I. wide. 1 ft. 
fleep ':ounect9tbe6Db- 
^il water. It U ao ex- 
cel 't-ui mac bine for 
■■oT..rtig In tngsr cane, 
■^t-engti gaaranieed. 

Ckd plow a newly eat 

forest, stump. boEb. or 

and learri ,and trie, clean for any crop. 

• DoaMt <al«a Cila- 

<irra« aiatn IS.N* 

I •( •■rtfc la < 'ay. 

Clark's Kev. Aulky Disc Plow 

»ade 5lngle or doable. 
One or two furrows flye 
to ten Inches deep; 14 
Inches wide Kor two or 
four horset Light dr«t\. 
No Bide draft No •Imllar 
M n made. W . en flark'e grass tools are used 

urecied lu hi- Krass circular we.IheC. H to 
e .'anienDem u. kM wld munard charlock' 
h diia.k mnflower, milk weed, mornlngglory, 
K asian ibl-i f oi any other fonl plant tbat 
g o»., or money rrrunded Now Is the time to 
• •nimenie »..>k for next year* seeding to graas 
Hlgfanam, Ct.. U. S. A 

Our Combined HaRKOW & ROLLER 

is guaranteed to give 
ji per cent, better re- 
sults in one-halt the 
time. Field look like 
a garden. No foor 
prints; can see check 
marker easier. Saves 
1 team; a boy can do 
PATFNTKl). the work. Sent on 30 

days trial, and freight allowed. Let us tell 
you more. Ask for reports, description, 
price and terms. Mfd. by IMBODEN HAR- 
ROW & ROLLER CO., Cleona. Ps. (Agents 





Chamberlin M'f'g Co , Olean. N. Y., U. S. A 


Stump Puller 

Clears an acre of heavy timber lud eaci 
day. Clears all stumps Is a circle »t IH 
feet witbout movlag or cbanglDg machlnr 
BtroDgeet, most rapid working aad best mad> 
413 17tb St., Centrevllle, Iowa 

The best on earth ; 
vol! make no mistake 
in buying of a man 
of 5 years' expe 
ricnce In pulling 
stumps. We set up 
the Puller and guar 
antee satisfaction be 
fore we want your 
money. 5 size* 

jKSm.ith Grubber Co. 
la crosse. wis..u.s.a 

Farm Phones 


and I 



Write for free book 

cost and how t«ore;iuize, build and "per 

bora. Cadiz ElcetrleCo..* 

&8 O. O. O. BaUdlnic, Cadiz, u 


Uow to put them up — what they cost- 
why hey save you money— all In- 
formation and valuable book free. 
write to J. Andrae & 9ons, 934 W. 
Water St.. Mil«»ukee, Wis. 


by thousands, are looking for new antJ 
better locations in the Sunny South, 
and ideal situations without number 
may be found throughout this entire 
region at prices for land that seem 
almost incredible. 

There is another interest in this sec- 
tion which deserves more than a pass- 
ing notice, and that is the traffic in 
fish and oysters. The oysfer occu- 
pies no mean place in the commercial 
interests of the State and has done 
much to contribute to the wealth and 
prosnerity of the section under dis- 
cussion, and owing to the great de- 
mand for this most alluring of all 
products of salt water greater atten- 
tion must be given to the Industry m 
the future than it has received in the 
past, or a decided falling off in the 
supplv is sure to result. The why or 
the wherefore of this condition is not 
clearly understood by the writer, but 
the necessity of giving careful at- 
tention to it is clearly evidenced and 
can not be emphasized too strongly. 
Every effort should be made to foster 
and develop an industry of such im- 
portance, and when it is recognized 
that the streams of Virginia are re- 
markably free from pollution and 
favor the production of an oyster of 
suiierior size and flavor, this industry 
should be encouraged by the enact- 
ment of such legislation as will be to 
the greatest interest of those who en- 
gaeg a oyster farming, for it is safe 
to sav that the oyster lands of Vir- 
o-inia"can be made far more produc- 
tive and profitable than they are to- 
dav if science comes to the assistance 
of 'the oyster man as it has done_ to 
the farmer and stockman. I under- 
stand the oyster men have various 
problems of their own, which have 
been ignored up to the present time. 
\ great natural industry and one cap- 
nblp of such remarkable development 
under scientific and intelligent man- 
M-pp^ent is deserving of the greatest 
.■■1 mediate consideration, for it will be 
. -.'^ier to assist the industry and place 
it on a stable basis now rather than 
to wait until the practical extermina- 
tion of the oyster has made it so ex- 
tremelv difficult and expensive to re- 
establish an industry which has done 
^o much for the State and which can 
be made a much greater source of re- 
venue and profit in the future, than 
in the past. . ^ , a 

In a sense, oystering has mterfeied 
with the agricultural development of 
Tidewater, Virginia, particularly since 
the war As already mentioned, its 
profitable nature has caused many 
men to engage in it who might other- 
wise have tilled the soil. In fact, the 
lar<'er part of the population is en- 
gaged in oyster growing. As a re- 
sult the lands have been neglected 
and this accounts for their being so 
cheap and so badly run down m many 
instances, and it is not due to the 
natural poverty of the soil and its un- 
suitabilitv for growing a great variety 
of useful crops, as many who have 
visited the region have wrongly con- 


Hartman Stockade Woven 
Wire Fence 

Ever built wns erected 17 years ago and is still in 
use as durable and strong as when first put up. 
The Hartman is a perfectly woven wire fence that 
is strong enough to keep in the maddest bull and 
fine enough to keep out the chickens. It is made 
of the best qnality galvanized steel wire and con- 
tains much more material than fences more cheap- 
ly constructed. That's why it lasts so long. If 
your dealer doesn't handle it, write for catalogue 
and prices. Address 
GLEN MFG. CO.. 103 Mill St.. Ellwood City. Pa. 

Also Mfrs. noHmnn »^teel Picket Fence, Hart- 
man Flexible Wire Mats and Olen Steel Mat. 



To get on top you 

and tliats where Anch t " 
Fence stands. .Send f r 
free book. U 

Anclior Fence & nfgCo I \- 
Dept. H Cleveland, Ohio " 


30 beautiful designs 
jdjuXt^tXu cheap ;is wood. All 
steel L:irge catalogue 
Free. Special induce- 
ment to churches and 
R,.I'...ti.u,d. Ind. 

posts. Just the thing' that 

demand. Cheap, Ptron^, durable. 

I home or in a large way. Sand, gravel, 

Lkl^i^i&^Li^LAWN FENCE 


. Special Prices to Cem 
Q terlesandChurrbes. Address 
-•Box Q UlncheBter, lad. 

Wife Fence 20c 

48-in. stock fence per n.d only ^7^ 
Best hish coiled steel sprine wire. 
Catalog of fences, tools and supplies FREE. 
Biij- rtirert .It wholesale. Write today. 
UASON FENCE CO. Boi 80 Uesbtu-g, O. 

■tipht. Sold to the Kar 

c.'.v^.. FuMj warranted. Catalog free 

I 62 Winchester Indiana. 



\\\\\\\L JimP///r£lJ MGM GRAOe — 








Write for a free copy of my 
book describing 


Oombina tions 

of Egg, Broiler 

and Roaster 


It eives the prices paid for ecus and poultry 
week by week for the past three years. It 
tells how and when a hatch taken off each 
weekin the year could be most profitably 
marketed. It shows how you can make 52 IH) 
on a large winter roaster. It tells what 
prohts can be made with each of the popu- 
lar breeds, and the costs of production 

I have helped thousands to make money 
with poultry. My Model Incubators and 
Brooders are used on the nioneyniakine 
farms. It is my business to teach those who 
use them to do so profitably. Whether your 
needs are small orlarjre. I will furnish with- 
out charee. estimates and plans for a com- 
plete equipment that will insure success 
'"Jhout your spendintf a dollar uselessly. 

bend for my complete literature. 


SB47HenrySt, Buffalo, M. Y, 

You can't tell a pood Incubator or a good 

brtx>der by looking at them. The only true 

test is in the Hatching and RalsinK of 

Chicks. The nutchinee that Prove 

Best by that test are the 


Ineubatcrs and Brood«r». 

Made by the man who 
knows anJ backed by the 
J. \V. Miller Cos.* guarantee to plv© you satis* 
factory results or yn ir money back afier 30, 
60 or 00 <I*ys Free Trial. If you a r discour- 
aged try the Ideal— if you don't want to be 
dLscouraged trv the Idea]. Svnrf l«r th« bo«k 

**P«ullryf»r Prafll'*— Fr««. US p*^f», lllutttraiee 

■Jid d«*i9*ibe«eTer7thiDK needed to raise puuluy. 

Adar,., J. w. MILLER CO., 

■••SIX r^.„„ lllln«l». 

Chlok*. ttb— WbstCM 

The Fresh Air Incubator 

PrMb Air ftppllvd U> ArdSclkl Ibcul-atlo* 
Ib ft Ba«ftM*ff*cll *•«■;, ia«klt«[K«iibU 
Uchv {Mr MBl hUobM, brlfbur, bMlUi iw 

r «ad Coltnjr UfwolM*. 4tk— ^Mdltv 



•a; aiM er form cf CAabj booM, 
b<illdlb( w pl^ne bos ud nakm 
OftB buj. Wriu for cftttlof ftftd 


Pnlfli Slita Incobilor Co., 425 Htln SI., Hmw Cli|, H. 


broodlDK' plant 

hatches 30 c*KS"s 

Catalo^rae free. CYCLE HATCH' 
EB CO., Box 409, BaJem. New York. 


The New Standard r-''m<wi 

, Ind., Box 80 

eluded. This Is one of the misfor- 
tunes, incident to the oyster trade 
which has done much to prevent a 
rapid development of some areas of 
Tidewater since the war because visi- 
tors have drawn wrong conclusions, 
and no very strenuous effort has been 
made to correct them up to the pres- 
ent time. But now the need of farm 
labor has become so apparent and the 
necessity for intensive farming so 
clearly emphasized by the success of 
the truckers that every legitimate ef- 
fort must be made to induce desirable 
immigration into this section of the 
State and develop the lands which 
have lain practically dormant and 
frequently regarded as unprofitable 
for the last forty years. 

Another need of this section is the 
development of the live stock Indus- 
tries commensurate with the needs of 
the people. At the present time not 
enough beef, pork or mutton are pro- 
duced to supply home needs. Yet the 
soil is easily capable of maintaining 
all classes of live stock and the loca- 
tion is such that dairy enterprises 
can certainly be developed to a highly 
profitable degree, and certainly enough 
beef and pork should be made for 
home consumption. There is no rea- 
son in the world why modern pfactice 
should not make beef growing and 
pork raising a permanent and profit- 
able industry in this section of the 
State, for it is (luite clear that alfalfa, 
Bermuda grass, silage and cotton seed 
meal, with the large amount of corn 
which can be successfully grown, will 
provide the basis for the development 
of great live stock interests and with 
the coming of the live stock interests 
and the accumulation of large sup- 
plies of farmyard manures and a sys- 
tematic rotation of field crops, the re- 
juvenation of these impoverished soils 
is only a matter of a very short time, 
and what better future awaits the 
young man than to become an owner 
of some of the lands which are now 
offered so cheaply because their value 
under modern systems of culture are 
not understood and make of them 
highly profitable lands through his 
own individual efforts. There are 
many hundred of acres of land in this 
region which can be bought for $1,- 
000.00 that in ten years can be made 
worth $10,000.00. Does not Virginia 
offer opportunities equal to those 
found in the west, or for that matter 
in any other section of the countrv. 
A'irginia Experiment Station. 

Sullivan Co.,' Tenn., Nov. 20, 1905. 

I feel that I cannot do without your 

valuable paper. B. F. GAINES. 

Amherst Co., Va., Dec. 4, 1905. 

I like the Southern Planter better 

than any agricultural journal I have 

ever read. JAS. H. WRITTEN. 

Mention The Southern Planter. 




Leading poaltry experts say the 
many improvements in the new 

1906 Pattern 
Standard Cyphers Incubator 

worthy the name "The Perfecl 
Soldofv90d&ystri&l,to prove that ia 
of operation ; in economy of oil : in 
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cially in strong and healthy chicks, it has never 
been equalled. Our new catalogue tells why. 
A poultry guide, 228 pages. (8x11) seven practi- 
cal chapters, 500 illustrations, free if you men- 
tion this paper and send addresses of two per- 
sons interested in poultry. 

Address nearest office. 
Cyphers Incubator Co^ BuUalo. N. Y. 

Chicago. Boston. Sew York, Kansas City or San Francisco, 


l^^^ ,^^^_ 
ce'ssiurhatchei* — are under absolat. 
independent control of i 
the time. Catalogue 
EBMtells bow. Write today.' 
■^CEO. H. LEE CO. 
1164Harner St., OM«H«, NEB. 


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■nt the treatment of THE LIQUOR, OPIUM, MORPHINE ,dM 
ither Drug Addictions. The Tobbacco Habit. Utrn ExhiustM 







3 gallonsSpotless Paint readyforthe brush 

FREE with CHARGES PAID as a Sample 

to SHOW you where you can get the 

best and cheapest paint. 

FERED IN ANY LINE. We will send you 
enough of our SPOTLESS PAINT, ready 
mixed and ready for the brush, to do any amount 
of painting you haveto do with the distinct under- 
standing and agreemant that you are to have the 
privilege of opening and using THREE GAL- 
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prove thatitis unmistakably the BEST and at the 
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andcoveritas well as the most expensive paints. 

Do not pay three prices for paint until 
after you have tried this liberal proposition. 
Write for Color Card and Catalogue. 


Box 364 z RICHMOND, VA. 


and other INSECTS kUled by 


lustie Potash Whale-Oil Soap No. I 

ndorsed hy U. S. Dept. of Agrt. and State EiperimeB, 
tiona. This soap is a Kertilizer as well asan Insecff 
!. &>lb. kegs, $2.60 ; lOO-lb. kegs, $i.LO; lialt bar™> 
lb.. SJc per lb; barrel, 4251b., Sic. .send for Booklel 
J AMES UOOI>. Original Maker, """*'"■ 
988.41 K. Front Street, FliUailelphla, Pa. 


kills Vrairle Degi, Wood- 
cbucka. Gophers, and 
Orain Insect •. "The 
Wheels of the Gods grind 
iw but exceedingly Bmall.*' So the weevU, 
t you can stop thelrgrlnd with 

as others 
are doing 

>WARD R. TAYLOR, Penn Yao, IV. Y. 

ima Carbon Bisulphide 

Krauaer'a Uquid 
Extract of Smofco 

smokehouse needed. 
E. KKACSER * nn<' 


The South is to be congratulated 
that with all its progress it has not 
gone so fast that money stands higher 
than character, or wealth than hap- 
viness. There are thousands of culti- 
vated, refined, gentle and highly-edu- 
cated young women in the South that 
would gladly marry a man with an in- 
come of $1,500 a year, and they would 
live well on It, entertain the friends 
of herself and husband, not in regal 
style, but with the sweet charm, soul- 
ful hospitality and serenity of the 
Southern women, and would also lay 
aside something for a rainy day, to 
pay insurance and for sweet charity 
apd the church. Southern women 
have not yet descended so low as to 
make themselves simple racks to hang 
rich jewels and fine fabrics upon; nor 
are they ready to be put up at auction 
to the highest bidder. There is some- 
thing so exceedingly debasing in the 
thought of woman prostituting all the 
sweet graces, affections and generous 
impulses of her heart, all her gentle 
refinement and courtesies and kindly 
deeds that should make her character 
sacred, all the lofty ideals of her na- 
ture that have illuminated the moral 
sense of the world for thousands of 
years — there is something so debasing 
in the thought of misusing all these 
charms and virtues to pose as a 
gilded butterfly. In the absence of 
experience no sane mind would be- 
lieve these things to be possible in the 
South and in our day and generation. 
And yet they are done to some ex- 
tent, and a gathering host is follow- 
ing the example of these giddy things 
of fashion. The young women of the 
South, whose mothers displayed Spar- 
tan virtues when their homes were 
invaded and property destroyed, 
should have higher aspirations than 
to be known as fortune-hunters or as 
fashion's slaves. There are yet many 
duties for them to perform and worthy 
objects to be attained. Low indeed is 
that ambition which seeks no higher 
purpose than admiration. There are 
those whose lives are spent in out- 
ward show. They have no inward 
life. Their souls are shriveled into 
the very shreds of humanity, their 
hearts are chilled to all srood impulses. 
They are birds with lithe wing and 
brilliant plumage who pass their lives 
in festive revelry and in scenes of ex- 
citement. They seem to believe there 
are others than themselves that have 
to be useful. The claims of charity, 
the relief of the distressed and unfor- 
tunate, the uplifting of the lowly, the 
practice of self-denial are foreign to 
their habits. Unlike the good woman, 
her heart is not moved In sympathy 
for those who "mourn and refuse to 
be comforted." Unlike her also when 
the moral sky about her is darkened, 
when the fire-storm of passion rages 
with fury, when all seems lost In a 
deluge of misfortune she sinks down 
In despair and does not point the suf- 



Made on the most sclentlflo principles 
of the best material ; with our own patent 
electrically welded hoops sunk in the 
wood; It is compact, strong and durable. 

Because we are the Largest Manufactu- 
rers of Wooden-ware In the World enables 
us to make the best washer cheaper than 

Bookleta with full description o' this 
wonderful washer sent on application 

The Ricfatnond Cedar Works. 

Richmond, Va. 

Save TKe Posts 

Old field pine made to last longer tbMm 
cedar or locust by creoBotlng with dead oU at 
coal tar. The creesotlng of lumber makei it 
practically indestructible, stops all rot anfl 
18 absolute death to all Inaecta. Write tar 
prices to the NORFOLK GRKOSOTINO CO.. 
Norfolk, Va." 


I Axle Grease ^I'^oTkl 

I Its wearing qualities are unanrpaiiad, ao- 
I taally outlasting 3 bxs. any other brand, 
I Not affected by heat. j^Get the Sanulna. 

Chesterfieldian Manners. 

Mr. W. C. Cantrell, of Louisville, Ky., pays his com- 
pliments to Tetterine as follows: *'l take off my hat to a 
50 cts. box of Tetterine. It has cured me of a skin 
disease which doctors in 7 states failed to cure." It is 
infallible in its results, fragrant and effective. SO cts. a 
box at druggists, or by mail from the manufacturer, 

J. T. Shuptrinc, Savannah, Ga. 

Bathe with Tetterine Soap, 2Sc. cake. 

= Bills to Collect - 

in all portions of the United States. No Mi- 
lectlOB, No. Charge. Agents wanted oT«T- 
where. 26 year's experience — PAldlOIUB'l 
mend, Va. 

Mention Thx Sottthxkic Plaitxib Is 



Of eT«nr clui. adapted to OralD. Fruit. Dairy 
aad Blue Orasa. wIthiD Bve to Ihlrtj mllea ct 
WaahloctOD, D. C. 

N». «0.— CoBtalBB ISO acres. 6 mllea from 
R. R. Near McAdam, Pike, 75 acrea cleared. 
U acre* In timber, land la a little rolling, a 
■Md quality of red clay, a good young or- 
ckud, Juat beglaalng to bear. Farm watered 
by atream and well. Comfortable 4 room 
ktaae, new granary, stable for 4 horaea, 1-4 
mile t» school, 1 mile to Stores, church, P. 
O., and shops, situated In a good netgbbor- 
kMd. Price 11.400, on easy Urms. 

Ns. 41.— 26 acres; 10 miles from Wsshlng- 
taa, D. C. : 2 miles from an electric and 
■team railroad. Thirteen room house In nice 
shaded lawn. 2 cellars, well at house. Nice 
•rcbard. In full bearing. All necessary out- 
boUdtngs In good repair. Price, $3,500. 

N». 43.— 30 acres; an elegant brown stone 
kauae, with 6 rooms, 2 porches. Three acres 
yauag orchard. In full bearing. All necea- 
aary aut-bulldlngs. In good repair. A large 
stane mill building, with 2 seU of corn burrs, 
kaa 29 toot water fall. Situated In a thickly 
settled and refined neighborhood. Mill Is In 
tkarough repair and doing a good local busl- 
nsaa. Price, (3.200. 

N«. tS.— 616 acres, natural Blue Orass land; 
well feaced; elegant well water. Good 6 
r*»m kouae, with all the necesaary amall 
farm houaes In good repair; good sheep barn 
Mi4«. Thrifty young orchard of apples, 
paacksa, pears and cherries. Land la all In 
grmu, except about 40 acres, that la In corn 
■aw. Close to schools, church, mill and post- 
•fflce. Four miles from railroad. This farm 
maaallT aenda off from forty to fifty export 
cattle In September. It Is located In a beau- 
tiful section of the county of Loudoun, 25 
miles from Washington, D. C. Price, JIB.OO 
par acre; one-third cash. 

No. 46 —Large merchant mill, new process, 
all modern Improved machinery, cost about 
$14,000. altuated In one of the finest grain 
•ectlous of Northern Virginia, two and one- 
kalf mllea from railroad. Ample water power 
tn ardlnary seasons, but fitted up with a 
■I lendld boiler and euglne to aid power In 
the eyent of a drought. For Bale to settle an 
eaute. Write for full description. Price, 
r;,M*.M, on Tery easy terms. 

Writ* tar full laformatlon and price list of 
•tk*r farms. 

No. 71.-260 acres; a fine body of white oak 
timber. This land Is Juat rolling enough to 
dralB well: It Is a fine quality of land and la 
I mile* from the R. R. This timber Is esti- 
mated to cut from two to three thousand feet 
•f lumber to the acre. The land alone 1b 
worth more than I am asking for both, and 
a quick business man can buy this tract and 
Bake en the clear either the land or 
the timber. It will not be on the market long 
at the price I am asking. Price, $16 per acre. 
N*. 75.- Contains 60 scree of Good, land 
FrvBtlng OB McAdamlzed Pike. Land a Ilttl* 
relling, hut conslderert Lei el. well fenced, 
*b*ut 10 acres In timber, 23 Miles from W«sh- 
iDgtea, Thrifty young orchard, apples, peach 
*Bd pear, «nnri 6 room house. Stable and 
•tker eut houoii all In good repair. 1-4 mile 
tr*m *tore. P o . mill, and shops. In ele- 
gant nelshborhood. Price $1,250. 

No. 106.— Contains 330 acres; 250 acres 
cleared, and very well fenced, this was at 
one tinie one of the finest farms In Its sec- 
tion; It is naturally a fine quality of soil, 
but has been rented for several years, and 
has the face knocked off It; It Is a choco- 
late Clay Soil, which Is easily Improved, and 
will hold Improvement after receiving It, 60 
acres of rich bottom land on null Run 
river; the dwelling Is a comfortable 5-room 
house, with all the other buildings In very 
good repair. This farm will be sold on very 
easy terms, and would soon pay for Itself 
grazing cattle and sheep, 4 miles from rail- 
road station, 1 mile from store, and post- 
ofllce. Price $3,500. 

W.E. MILLER,Herndon.Va. 

ferers to the rainbow of promise in 
I he horizon of the future and bid them 
be of good cheer. 

The Southern Farm Magazine has 
;i peculiar admiration for Southern- 
liorn women. They are the guardians 
of our homes, the mothers of our 
children, the living examples of the 
highest human virtues. We are un- 
willing and loath to believe anything 
disparaging to them. Yet when we 
see so many hundreds that have no 
other occupation but to ransack mer- 
cantile houses for new apparel for 
their adornment, attend theaters al- 
most every day or night in the week, 
sjiend their most precious moments at 
card parties and dislike to discharge 
any household duties whatever, we 
fear there is, especially in the cities, 
a class growing up that is destined to 
reduce the high standard and sum 
total of womanly virtues. A woman 
may so live as to become the cyno- 
sure of all eyes; she may please by 
her graces and attract by her wit; her 
accomplishments in music, poetry and 
the fine arts, and even in solid learn- 
ing, may be great and her beauty un- 
rivaled; her pathway may be as bril- 
liant as that of a meteor and also as 
useless, unless she acquires a knowl- 
edge of those domestic arts and duties 
and pleasing ways that make husband 
and home and children happy. This 
knowledge, is of more value than all 
other knowledge, for without it their 
lives would be miserable failures. A 
true woman is the living soul of home, 
and to be a true woman she must ac- 
quire those habits and practie those 
domestic virtues without which there 
is no home. 

A Brilliant E.xample. 
A little more than fifty years ago 
one of the wealthiest men in the South 
married a girl who had 'been trained 
in all the duties of housewifery. Her 
home was a model of thrift and neat- 
ness. Five daughters were born to 
this couple, and as soon as they 
reached an age in which they could 
be made useful their mother taught 
them all the duties incumbent upon 
the housewife. They were taught to 
sew, tidy up the house, attend to the 
dining-room, cook and make sweet- 
meats. They were also taught to milk 
churn and even to wash and laundry 
the clothing. The theory of this prrc- 
tical mother was that though her 
(laughters might never be compelbvl 
to perform these duties, yet thi y 
would be better able to instruct their 
servants In the work If they knew 
how to perform it themselves. It 
will be Interesting to our readers to 
know that all five of these daughters 
made model housewives. They mar- 
ried men not for their wealth, but for 
their ability, intelligenue and worth. 
Not one of these girls had failed to 
meet all the demands of society, and 
their homes are among the most hos- 
pitable and the best kept in the South. 
Their entertainments are frequent, 
and it la considered quite a privilege 

Mill Property and 
Farm For Sale 

In the Piedmont section of Virginia, at 
Lowesville. Nelson Co.. a water power, 3U 
barrel roller flour mill with 60 acres of 
laud, corn fetti and saw mill attached, in eN- 
cellent condition and enjoying a fine trade, 
and has a market at the door for more than 
it can oroduccA Dwelling houses, large shade 
trees, fine spring. 1.000 young apple trees on 
place Situated in a good corn and wheat 
Section, fine neighborhood. P^nty t.tnber 
accessible to this property. W lU '?ke a 
farm as part payment. DR. J. B. ^^ OO^'- 
SON. U. S. Pension Office, ^\ashington, U. 

.. AND. 



Where Health, Climate, Soil, Location 
and markets are unsui passed. Any 
size, place and price to suit the buyer 
of a stock truck, fruit poultry or fl^h 
and oyster farm. The James River 
Valley Colonization Co. oflfers siiper- 
lor advantages to land .buyers. Write 
for free 36 P. pamphlet giving fill par- 


C. & 0. Main St. Depot, - - Richmond, Va. 



BER LANDS, ETC. We can offer you great 
bargains Id real estate situated In ROCS- 
TIES. All Information cbeer^ll; and 
promptly answered. Livery, etc., tree to 
those who mean bUBlnesa. J. W. GUINN. 
GoBhen, Va. 



Old Virginia Farms 

Good Lands, Cow Prices* 
Mild Climate. Sendforour 

Largest Mat of Farms for 

Richmond, Virginia 


Our lOc. map. In four colors, shows a 
half million acres of Ibe most ileslrabli 
lands and waters In the t'ulted State*. 
Our pnpers, wlilcb we nend with the ma 
are full of Facts, Figures and Features, r^ 
apecting the Eastern portion of Vlrfclnla, 
NeHr-iiie Sea. of Interest, use and benefit to 
the Hume. Health, and Wealth seekers nf 
the North. East and West, who want to 
secure lioinert or iiivestments in a mild and 
delightful climate. Send lOc. In stampa 
for copy of map and papers. A. JEFFERs, 
Norfolk, Va. 

p. ^ 




to be invited to one of them. The 
practical teachings of the mother made 
all her daughters model housekeepers. 
There is no slovenliness, no want of 
neatness or comfort about the house. 
Everything is well ordered and well 
administered. Another thing quite as 
important is there is seldom any 
trouble about house-servants. The 
trained wife of such homes being ful- 
ly acquainted with and able to per- 
form household duties, is never un- 
reasonable or exacting with her ser- 
vants. She knows what they ought to 
do and how to do it. The same is true 
of the kitchen. Each one of the girls 
of this family served an apprentice- 
ship in a private cookroom in the 
basement of the pai-ental dwelling un- 
der the mother's instruction. Tliere 
is no one who can make better bread 
or cook a beefsteak more perfectly or 
make a better pot of coffee or prepare 
more dainty desserts than the girls of 
this family. It follows naturally that 
a girl so taught in the formative 
period of her life is fitted to become 
the honored wife, mother and mistress 
of a family. "She openeth her mouth 
with wisdom, and in her tongue is the 
law of kindness. She looketh well to 
the ways of her household, and eateth 
not the bread of idleness. Her children 
arise up and call her blessed; her 
husband also, and he praiseth her. " 
The example of the prudent Southern 
mother here given is not rare in the 
country places. There are thousand 
of such homes, greatly to the credit 
of Soutliern women. There is a ten- 
dency, however, in the town to ape the 
manners of the money-loving women 
of the cities. True, home-loving wives, 
like the most solid business men of 
the cities, must in a large degree come 
from the intelligent country homes. 
They are the nurseries of these vir- 
tues, that lead womankind on to a 
higher and brighter destiny. — Col. ,T. 
B. Killebrew. in Southern Farm Maga- 

Bryan, Va.. 
Jany. 15, 1906. 

Editor Southern Planter: 

I am trying to get every young man, 
as well as the old, to take and read 
your valuable Journal. No farmer 
should be without it, as the cost is 
in reach of all. And its teaching is 
very instructive, and indispensible. 
To follow its dictations is a proof of 
same. I am in the "Dark Tobacco 
Belt," and the only complaint that can 
be made against the Planter is. that 
is has less to say on the dark tobacco 
than any other subject. And if you 
will give us a few lessons along that 
line, it would be quite a help to many 
of us. And it would not be objection- 
able with us. if you would spj-ead "the 
good tidings" of The Dark Tobacco 
Association throughout the world, as 
it has come to stay, and is growing 
daily. "A necessity is the mother of 
(this) inventions. T. C. M. 




%ooh at these JBargains. 

A. WA acres fine Jrult and trucking 
lands. Good seven-room house, with 
basement; fine well at door, another 
one at the barn; all necessary out- 
buildings; planted to most every kind 
of fruit. A splendid place for truck- 
ing. A stream of water crosses one 
end of the place. Price, $3,000; half 
cash, balance to suit. 

B. 10 acres adJoTnlng above. One of 
the most commanding sites In Vienna. 
Entirely planted to apples, pears, 
peaches and cherries. Over one thou- 
sand young and thrifty trees on the 
place. Price, $1,600; half cash, bal- 
ance to suit. This ought to go with 
above, but will be sold separately. 

No. !37. 450 acres at Clifton Station; 
2 cottages and one tenant house on the 
farm; also 18-room hotel, with base- 
ment, that has been used for store- 
keeping; plenty of nice shade. This is 
a fine business place, a fine opening 
for the right man. The tract can be 
divided up into a number of small 
places. The hotel has done a fine busi- 
ness. Price, $10,000; on easy terms. 
There is a fine, noted spring near the 

No. 105. 98 acres; 30 clear, 20 in cul- 
tivation, the balance In wood; fine 
stream through the place; 3 miles 
from railroad. Near school, church and 
store. Price. $800. Terms to suit. This 
would make a cheap farm. 

No. 106. 25 acres; all clear; 14-room 
house, in good condition; well at the 
door; barn and all necessary outbuild- 
ings; good fence; all kinds of fruit: 
2^2 miles north of Vienna, near school, 
churches and store. Price, $3,500 on 
easy terms. This is a fine, large house. 
In good condition; has beautiful shade; 
would make a fine summer boarding 

No. 182. 35 acres near Arlington; 33 
cleared and in cultivation, 2 acres In 
oak and other timber; four frame 
houses, two of five rooms and two of 
three rooms, barn, good wells. Five 
minutes' walk from the trolley car, ten 

minutes' from schools, churches and 
stores. Price, $15,000. Terms: All cash 
preferred. Will sell in tracts not 
smaller than five acres at $500 per acre. 
This property would make very valu- 
able building sites. 

No. 107. A bargain. 17 acres. 10- 
room stone and frame house in good 
condition. Has all necessary outbuild- 
ings; plenty of good, pure water; has 
peaches and apples. Fenced with pick- 
ets and boards. Also a large saw and 
grist mill with hominy and crusher at- 
tachments; is run by water and steam 
power. Grist mill is 61 feet long and 
42 feet wide, 3% stories high; saw mill 
attached is 40x40, has a capacity of 
2,800 feet a day. The mill is kept busy 
all the time. It Is in a fine neighbor- 
hood. This Is a fine opening for the 
right man. The reason for selling is 
that the owner Is getting old and not 
able to do so much business. If sold 
right away will take $3,500 for house, 
farm and two mills, or will exchange 
for smaller property. 

No. 89. Fine blue grass farm. 600 
acres; two sets of buildings; new 8- 
room house and cemented cellar. Old 
house has six rooms. Good well at the 
door of each house. Two good barns 
and all necessary outbuildings. 500 
fruit trees: 11 good springs; well fenced; 
45 acres In meadow; 30 acres In rye; 80 
acres in good pasture; 65 acres for corn 
this year; one-half mile from school, 
church and store. This Is a splendid 
place and is very cheap. Price, $8,500. 

No. 180. 19^4 acres. 8 acres cleared, 
balance in all kinds of timber. Near 
Springfield station, old house, spring 
nearby, some fruit, two miles from 
school, church and store. Price, $300, 
on easy terms. 

No. 230. For sale: In Vienna, on easy 
terms, new 6-room house, reception hail, 
3 porches and fine cellar, barn and other 
outbuildings, well on the porch, lot lOOx 
200. all set out In peaches. Electric car 
stops near the house. This Is a beauti- 
ful home. Would be fine for an ofllce- 
holder. Let me show you this house. 

Scn& for m^ new Catalogue of Bargatns. 

^. 3f. German, 

Jairfax, C. 1b., IDirginia. 





tow u $5 per Acre 

jrlth Improvements. Much land now be- 
ing worked has paid a profit greater than 
the purchase price the first year. Long 
Summers, mild Winters. Best shipping 
facilities to great eastern markets at low- 
est rates. Best church, school and social 
advantages. For list of (arms, excursion 
rates, and what others have accomplished, 
write to-day to 

F. H. LABAUME. Agr. and Ind. Agt., 
Roanoke, Va.. Dept. Y. 


V. •'o,.niiiia onO (Ohio tinc/i 

Dairy Business. 

We offer a large dairy business In Wash- 
ington, D. C. Teams, wagons, routes, cans, 
bottles, everything complete. Handling 400 
gals, milk and cream dally. 

Centrally located, rent low. Fine oppor- 
tunity. Address, DAIRYMAN, c/o Southern 
Planter, Richmond, Va. 

Northern Virginia. 

Grain, Fruit, Dairy and Blue Grass Farms «f 
every class within one hour of Washington, 
D. C. 

Farms a Specialty .... 
Catalogue on application. ■ 

Real Estate Brokers. 

Herndon, Fairfax Co., Va. 

Home Seekers and Speculators. 

I am in position to show you the larfrest 
Hat of properties you can find In Northern 
TlrKlnia, consisting of STOrK, GRAIN. 
and BUSINESS SITES all within 1 to 2 
bonrs of the National Capitol. For frea 
catalogue and full particulars, call on or 
addresa W. H. TAYLOR, Herndon, Va. 


Cold Grown, Own Roots, Ever- 
Blooming Roses 

and the best of ALL STANDARD sorts. In- 
cluding RUNNERS. Catalogue, 25c., con- 
CULTURE, and alone well worth the money. 
FREE TO CUSTOMERS. Cat,nlogue con- 
tains coupon for 21)0.. good for that amount 
»1.00 per dozen up. MERIT ROSE COM- 

Demand for Meat Inspectors. 

Congressmen are beginning to be 
besieged with demands for some quick 
legislation to facilitate shipment 
abroad of American meats. 

Secretary James Wilson, of the De- 
partment of Agriculture, made the 
statement a few years ago, that unless 
Congress speedily grants the emer- 
gency appropriation of $135,000 asked 
lor by him to supjjiy additional in- 
spectors and microscopists, it is prob- 
able that more than $50,000,000 worth 
of orders for American pork and beef 
products placed by German dealers 
will go unfilled. 

On March 1 next, Germany will put 
into operation its new tariff law on 
products coming from the Unitea 
States. There is now in that country 
a meat famine, and the German deal- 
ers, in anticipation of the new tariff 
law, are flooding the packing houses 
of this country with orders. 

This has resulted in such an im- 
mense business for the American 
packers that they are now embar- 
rassed for lack of Inspectors. This 
fact alone, states Secretary Wilson, 
has led him to call for the emergency 
appropriation and is no violation of 
the law of Congress that prohibits 
members of the Cabinet from con- 
tracting for services without the con- 
sent of Congress. Secretary Wilson 
declared that he had created no de- 
ficiency but that on the contrary he 
was asking only for an emergency 
app,ropriation to meet the conditions, 
which an enormously increased busi- 
ness of the last few months, with no 
Increase in the inspection force, has 

In speaking of the expenditure by 
the Federal Government of a large 
sum of money to provide packing 
houses with inspectors, Secretary Wil- 
son stated that he was strongly in 
favor of having the paclcers pay all 
the inspection expenses. These in- 
spections are, of course, to be under 
governmental supervision. In fact, the 
packers have voluntarily expressed 
a willingness to adopt this method of 
paying for the services of the skilled 
men, and in the present emergency 
the ma.iority of thorn have told the 
Secretary that they would be willing 
to pay the salaries of a sufficient num- 
ber of inspectors required; but as 
there' is no law by which this method 
could be carried out, the Secretary is 
unable to comply with their requests. 

Should Congress pass a law requir- 
ing the packers to pay for meat in- 
spections, such a procedure would not 
only save the Government a vast sum 
of money, but would also prevent just 
such a state of affairs as exists to- 
day. Secretary Wilson Is daily be- 
sie.ged by letters and telegrams urg- 
ing him to do something in the way 
of assisting the exportation to Ger- 
many of the beef and pork which had 
been ordered. The general gist of 
these communications is that the slt- 


Will buy a Gentleman's Country seat, beau- 
tifully located In Chesterfield Co., on a good 
road with R. F. D., 3 miles from Manchester, 
30 acres land, 10 In woods; a never fallinc 
water course, Grlndall Creek runs through 
the place, which produces all of the rough- 
age and part of the grain for 4 milk 'cows, 
2 calves and 1 horse. Young orchard, pear 
trees In bearing. 

Improvements, 7-room modern residence, 
wood, tool and wagon shed, bam and stable 
for 4 cows, 2 calves and 1 horse, chicken 
coop with 2 parks, pigeons, etc. 

Terms: ?800 down, balance in two equal 
annual payments. Address, Box 34, Swans- 
horo, Va. 

Virginia Farms 

MOST SELECT LIST, and in aU sec- 
tions of the State. 


R. B. CHAFFIN & CO., Inc. 

Richmond, Va. 

To Exchange 

56 acres of fine Timberland in 
North Carolina, for sawed lum- 
ber. HALL & JEHNE, Farm- 

ville, Va. 

"In the Green Fields of Virginia." 

H«m«s for ALL; Health tor AT.L; Bapgl> 
aaaa and IndepesdMiee for AU>. AIX liMi 
•f FARMS at oerr«ep»Bllns prieaa, bat AIA 

MACON & CO., Orange, Va. 

ClUr CADMC In the great ttnlt grain ant 
rlllL rHnnlO stock leetlon of VIRBINIA. 
Best isUmate and water in the U. 8. Near great 
market!, with best educational advantagea. 
For further Information, address 

BiM'L B. Woods, Free. CharlottesvlUa, Ya. 



OEO. E. GRAWFGRQ & CO.. Riohmond, Vi. 

Btet<a)Uahed IgTS. 

Virginia Farms. 

Farms of any size with Improvements. 
Prices In reach of ail. Free Hat. 

PORTER & GATES, Louisa, Va. 

Prosperous and healthy section 

Good Shipping Facilities. 

FRANK H. COX, Ashland, Va. 


Do you want a gold plated watch, a beau- 
tiful doll, a steam engine, a magic lantern 
or camera? Write me, I will tell you why 
I give them free. Send no money but write 
to-day.— WM. WOODRUM, Pearlsburg, Va. 

salary far a man wltk 
rig to Introduce eor 
Stock and Poultry 

Remedies. This Co. means business and eaa 

furnish beat references. Send for Contraet. 

Dept A7. ROYAL CO-OP. MFO. CO., IB- 

dlanapolla, Ind. 






A wonderful offer to every lover of music, 
whether a beginner or an advanced player. 

Ninety-six lessons (or a less number if 
you desire) for either Piano, Organ, Violin, 
Guitar, Banjo, Cornet or Mandolin will be 
given free to make our home study courses 
for these instruments known In your local- 
ity. You will get one lesson weekly, and 
your only expense during the time you take 
the lessons will be the cost of postage and 
the music you use, which is small. Write 
at once. It will mean much to you to get 
our free booklet. It will place you under 
no obligation whatever to us if you never 
write again. You and your friends should 
know of this work. Hundreds of our pu- 
pils write: "Wish I had known of your 
school before." "Have learned more in one 
term in my home with your weekly lessons 
than in three terms with private teachers, 
and at a* great deal less expense." "Every- 
thing is so thorough and complete." "The 
lessons are marvels of simplicity, and my 
11-year-old boy has not had the least 
trouble to learn." One minister writes: "Aa 
each succeeding lesson comes I am more and 
more fully persuaded I made no mistake In 
becoming your pupil." 

We have been established seven years — 
have hundreds of pupils from eight years of 
age to seventy. Don't say you cannot learn 
music till you send for our free booklet and 
tuition offer. It will be sent by return mall 
free. Address U. S. SCHOOL OF MUSIC, 
Box 144. A 19 Union Square, New York City. 

Free! Free! Free! 

ETery woman who will send us the names 
and addresses of 6 of her friends and 3 
cents postage, we will mail free of charge 
JTJLIUS SYCLE & SONS, Richmond, Va. 
Mention the Southern Planter. 

Watch for $5.45 

These figures tell exacily what we are doing-selling a ?2n.00 
watch for $5.45. We don t claim that ttiis is a 140.011 watch 
or a *.!.0.00 watch, hut it i3al9i:fU.OO tvat<;b. A leading watch 
manufacturer, being hard pressed for rea'ly cash, recently sold 
us 100,000 watches— watches actually tinilt to retail at 4:2n.OO. 
There is no doulit that we could wholesale them to dealers for 
$12.00 or $13.00, but this would involve a great amount of lalior, 
time and expense. In the cud our profit would be little mora 

SI jeweled, finely balanced and perfectly adjusted 
It has specially selected jewels, dust band, patent regulator, 
enameled dial, jen-eled compensation balance, double hunt- 
ing 0iue« Iretlulne irold^lald and handsomely engraved. 
Each watch is thorougliTy timed, tested itnd regulated, hefors 
leaving the factory and botli the case and movement are cuar* 
aiiteed for 2.> years. 

Clip out this advertisement and mail it tons to-day with'your 
name, postollice address and nearest express oftice. Tell us 
whether you want a lady's or gent's watch and we will send the 
watch to your express olfice at once. If it satlsfles you, after 
a careful examination, pay tlie express agent $5.15 and express 
charges and the watch is yours, but if it doesn't please you 
return it to us at oar expense. 

A 25.Vear Guamulee will he placed in the front case of 
the watch we send you and to the first li),i.HK) cus^lmers we will 
send a beautiful gold-laid watch ctiain. Free. We refer to 
the Tirst National Bank of Chicago. Capital $10.r> 

UepU 27?,CU1C'A«0 

nation is deplorable and desperate, but 
the Secretary is unable to meet the 
emergency owing to the lack of money 
and authority. It seems to be up to 
Congress to act, and act quickly, to 
preserve the interests of both the 
stock growers and the packers. 

Preservation of Eggs. 

The North Carolina Exp;eriment sta- 
tion has submitted a report to the 
Department of Agriculture, showing 
the results of some experiments with 
egg preservatives. 

10 per cent, solution of water glass 
gave very satisfactory results, the eggs 
keepin.g well from June until the fol- 
lowing May. Some of those used in 
December so closely resembled fresh 
eggs that it would take an expert to 
tell which were the fresh eggs and 
which were the packed ones after they 
were cooked. A 20 per cent, solution 
of w.nter .glass did not give as satis- 
factory results. Though none of the 
eggs were spoiled, the whites in some 
cases were slightly coagulated and 
some of the eggs would sink to the 
bottom of the solution. 

A lime and salt solution gave as sat- 
isfactory results as water glass, only 
one of the eggs being spoiled. A so- 
lution of lime and salt with British 
Egg Preseri'er (borax and sodium bi- 
carbonate) also gave good results, but 
it could not be seen that the addition 
of the preserver gave any returns for 
the money it cost and trouble of us- 
ing. A solution of salicylic acid in 
water (one ounce to a gallon) gave 
,s:ood results, one of the eggs being 
spoiled, but it did not leave the eggs 
in as good condition as the water 
.glass or the lime and salt solutions, 
since the acid weakened the shells. 

Eggs were also coated with salicy- 
lic acid and cotton-seed oil with and 
without alcohol, with paraffin, collo- 
dium and gum arable, and then packed 
in cotton-seed hulls. Conclusions 
could not be draw as to the value of 
these preservatives since the eggs 
were accidentally destroyed. How- 
ever it is believed that these preserv- 
atives and others of a similar char- 
acter are not as satisfactory as the 
liquid preparations, because of the ex 
tra labor in putting up and the evap- 
oration that takes place, leaving the 
eggs shrunken in appearance when 

Work of the Bureau of Chemistry. 

The Bureau of Chemistry of the De- 
partment of Agriculture is aidin.g the 
Postofflce Department in controlling 
the sale of proprietary medicines. 
This has been done by Inspecting a 
great number of the so-called speci- 
fics which in reality contain a large 
percentage of cocaine, morphia, choral 
or alcohol, with no warnings to the 
customer of the presence of such 

The Bureau of Chemistry has made 
inspections of exported and imported 
foods as well as physiological experi- 


As Manager of Stock (Dairy, Hogs or Sheep) 
farm by single man of 33. Life experience 
with stocks, crops and machinery and can 
handle men. Understands feeds and fertil- 
izers. References from last employer as to 
honesty, sobriety and ability. 'Will prove 
ability or no contract.— R. J. MURPHY, 615 
State St., -Madison, 'Wis. 


as farm manager, by a middle aged single 
man, with educational and rst-clasa_ prac- 
tical eperience in farming, dairying, but- 
termaking, cattle, sheep swine, and poultry, 
gardening, flowers, fruits and vegetables. 
E. B., c/o Southern Planter. 


on a farm by a manager of experience. I 
believe in intensive farming growing legumes 
to increase the fertility of the soil and rais- 
ing big crops. Am familiar with fine stock 
breeding, or planting orchards. Good me- 
chanical ability; intelligent, economical su- 
pervision. Address, WALTER A. TRUES- 
DALE, 708 E. Grace St., Richmond, Va. 

Chemical Analyses 

WATER and other products made at reason- 
able rates. Correspondence solicited. J. B. 
WEEMS Ph. D., Crewe, Va., Expert in 
Agriculture and Industrial Chermistry. 

10 I 

Private Schools and Colleges supplied with 
Teachers free of charge, and Positions se- 
cured for Teachers, Matrons and House- 
keepers at moderate cost. Apply to Rev. R. 
W. Cridlin, Manager, Manchester, Va. 


Write for CauIogTie. 

Piedmont Business CoIIe^e^; 
Lynclibar^t Va* 

THe Po-wer of 
A. Business Education. 

To the industrious youn^ man we 
would say — train yourself along 
practical Business lines. Equip 
yourself with a modern Commercial 
Education. It means the opening 
of every avenue of success to you. 

During the paPt 17 years this col- 
lege has ediicaied more than 12,000 
young people for ihe commercial 
field. Let us send you ■ ur catalogue 
Birmingham. Ala, Houston, Tex. 
Montgomery, Ala. Richmond, Va. 
Columbus. Ga. Jacksonville, Fla. 





OTTON fields need 
never "wear out.' A 
complete fertilizer.with 
the right amount of Potash, 
feeds to the soil the nourish- 
ment that cotton must have, 
and which the cotton removes 
from year to year. 

"Cotton Culture," our in- 
teresting 90-page book, con- 
tains valuable pointers on 
cotton-raising, and shows, from 
comparative photographs, what 
enormous cotton yields Potash 
has produced in different 
states. This book will be sent 
you free of any cost or obliga- 
tion if you will just write for it. 

New York— 93 Nassau Street, or 

Atlanta, Ga.-22'. So. Broad Street. 


That Is Some Account. 


Pure from Peru, S. A. 


Cblncba : Lobo* : 

9.B0 per cent. .. .Lime. .. .18.50 per cent 

20.50 per cent. .Bone Pho8...60.00 per cent 

8.S0 per cent. .Ammonia. .. 3.60 per ceat 

2.00 per cent. . . .Potash. . . . 4.25 per cent 

9.00 per cent . . Pbos. Acid . . 23.00 per cent 

Organic Matter and and Ammonia Salta 

28.00 per cent 13.00 per cent 

Inquire of jonr DEALER ; If be baa BOt 
got It. write to 

Wilmington, N. C. 

SHIPMENTS PROn { ^*{2^?^5+oN. 


Raminlscanses ofa Virginian 83 
years old. 53 years an affiliated 

Interesting sketches of Amerlctn Statesmen 
Inclu-ilng anecdotes and historic events dating 
from Nov. 1833 to the present time. 

Copt mailed on receipt of 25 cts. by address- 
the author, 
A. P. ROUTT, 18 Iowa Circle, Washington, D. O. 

Mention The Southern Planter. 

ments with food preservatives. A 
total of 7,339 samples were analyzed 
during the year, including 3-750 sam- 
ples of imported foods, 2,579 samples 
for the Bureau's practical eating-test 
table, and 1,009 miscellaneous samples. 
Other investigations of the Bureau in- 
clude experiments with pure yeast 
cultures to produce a cider of prede- 
termined composition. The Depart- 
ment of Agriculture through the Bu- 
reau of Chemistry maintains an ex- 
perimental factory at Waycross, Geor- 
gia, where observations are being 
made of the growth, manufacture and 
presentation of table syrupy. The Bu- 
reau is just completing a five-year 
study of the effect of environment 
upon the composition of the sugar 

Agricultural Capacity of the World. 

One Malthus, an English clergjTnan, 
In years gone by, calculated that with- 
in a measurable time the human race 
must deliberately block its own in- 
crease, lest its numbers surpass 
the food producing powers of the 
earth. Latterly the English scientist, 
Crookes, calculated that the wheat- 
growing area of the earth was nearly 
all occupied, and gloomily enquired 
what, a few years hence, a hungry 
and increasing world would do for 
bread. Now, Professor Shaler, of Har- 
vard, estimates that the land still un- 
tilled will admit of the doubling of 
the present population of the world, 
and furthermore, that the reclamation 
of marshes and deserts will permit 
of another doubling. The breeding 
up and improvement of food produc- 
ing species of plants, whereby the 
yield can be doubled, the regeneration 
of millions of acres of desert land, 
through irrigation and the introduc- 
tion of new plants for growth upon 
dry lands now considered waste, open 
up such a broad avenue of unlimited 
crop production that any estimates of 
the final agricultural capacity of the 
earth's surface must be founded more 
upon guess work than fact. 

Farming with Brains. 

The reason for the bountiful crops 
in the United States within the past 
eight or ten years may not be as- 
signed entirely to favorable climatic 
conditions or exceeding fertility of the 
soil, but on the other hand the great 
output is the result of brains. Every 
year more brains is put into farming 
in this that the agricultur- 
ist of to-day goes about cropraising 
with more reasoning, and capacity for 
understanding the cause and effect of 
Insoct depredations plant, disease, etc. 

It Is said that the most productive 
farms of the United States are those 
In the northwest, where the farmer is 
an up-to-date business man, keeping 
comprehensive books and with a dis- 
tinct and well thought out system. 
This system enables him to know how 
much a crop costs, how to grow It 
and what profit it brings. Newspa- 

AsricultuVal Lime 

50 Cts. Per Bag of 200 lbs. 

We make a specialty of all 
grades of 


Write for prices and fuil partlcuiars. 





"Feeds and Feeding" 

Prof. Henry's Great Book for 
Farmers and Stockmen. 

Delirered anywhere for - - 92.00 
With the SOUTHERN PLANTBR, 2.2§ 




Particularly Deer, Wild Turkeys, White 
Squirrels, Ducks, Swans, Bob White 
Quail, Grey Squirrels, Bear, Baby Rac- 
coons, Foxes, Etc. 

718 Twelfth St. N. W., Washln|toD, D. C. 

Nursery Stock ^^^rsr^^ 

Apples, Pears, Peaches, Plums, Cherriet, 
Blackberries, Raspberries, Currants, As- 
paragus Roots and Rhubarb; Grape* 
in assortment; American Ginskno Sskd and 
Roots. Full line of Ornamental Trees, Shmbs, 
Hedge Plants and Roses. Peach tree* 
grown under contract. Write for prices. 


1 ofler a fine lot of whole root trees. 




Save agent's commission by sending 
your orders to the nursery, 


All Stock Inspect«d and Fumlsated. 



Fruit trees. Raspberry, Plants etc. Every- 
thing for the Fruit Grower. Send today for 

Sherman Heights, Tenn. 




Wood's Seeds. 

Alfalfa Seed 


Read?' For Soivind. 

Inoculation makes it possible 
to grow Alfalfa where it could not 
be grown before. 

It supplies the bacteria neces- 
sary for the best growth and de-. 
velopment of this valuable crop. 

Alfalfa once well established 
lasts for years, yielding large and 
continuous cuttings of the best 
and most nutritious hay. Price of 
seed quoted on request. 

Wood's 1906 Seed Book teUs 
all about Inoculated Seeds, both 
for the Garden and Farm, Mailed 
free. Write for it. 

T.W. Wood & Sons, Seedsmen, 


We can also supply Inoculatsd Garden 

Peas, Snap Beans, Clovers, Cow 

Peas, etc Write for prices. 



Peanut, grown by ibe 
Virglnla-C a r o 1 1 n a 
Seed Peanut Co., Pe- 
tersburg, Va., is the 
largest variety ever 
produced. It is twice 
the size of any other 
variety, and yields 
500 pounds more per 
acre. Seed last year 
sold as high as £1.00 
per pound. 


We shall send a 
pound of seed of this 
valuable variety, a 
copy of our treatise, 
"The Peanut and Its 
Culture," (75 pages, 
price 60 cents), and 
the American INut 
Journal one year, for 

81.00, regular price 

OIXIK GIANT Of the Journalalone. 

(Kktnral Slie.) *«" ^^nd 10 cents in 

stamps for sample 

of peanuts and a copy of the Journal. 





Home, yCxrdinat, C^ 1:1011 veal fb, Oaks Early, 
ChasipioQ, GleoMary, Vm. Belt aod 91 others. Lncretia 
and Prcuio Dewberry. Seeds: Li 
Ar.cus Best Tcfcalo. Allen's First Choifce and Rocky 
Ford Cantalonpe.XAilco's Money Maker. /Early Fortnns 
and Peninsola Prii 

■d garden, fielcV'aiid flower 
etc Write tor^haDdsome free jMtalogae. 53 

W. F. ALLEN, ^allsbji^. Maryland. 

pers and magazines are his library, 
and he is quick to figure out whether 
or not new methods of culivation and 
new machinery would be of profit to 

The stingy feeder cheats himself as 
well as his cows; but on the other 
hand, the dairy cow that will not re- 
pay generous feeding should be dis- 
placed at once. 


Number 12. Mary Washington. 

To Georgia is reserved the glory of 
having given birth to the greatest of 
all Southern lor, I might say, Ameri- 
can) pioets, except Edgar Poe. Lanier 
was born in Macon, Ga., Feb. 3, 1841'. 
and died in 1881, before he had 
reached the age of 40, his early death 
being another link between Poe and 
himself. His earliest known ancestor 
was Jerome Lanier, a Huguenot refu- 
gee, attached to the Court of Queen 
Elizabeth, very likely as musical com- 
poser, and whose son Nicholas stood 
high in favor with James I and 
Charles I, as director of music, painter 
and political envoy, and whose grand- 
son, Nicholas, held a similar position 
in the Court of Charles II. He was 
first marshal or presiding officer of 
the Society of Musicians, incorporated 
at the Restoration "for the improve- 
ment of the science, and the interest 
of its professors," and it is remark- 
able that four others of the name of 
Lanier were among the few incorpor- 
ators. Thus we see that a talent and 
love for music have characterized the 
Lanier family as far back as we can 
trace them. 

The American branch of the family 
emigrated to this country in 1716. 
Thomas Lanier settled with other col- 
onists on a grant of land ten miles 
square, including the site of the pres- 
ent city of Richmond. 

The father of the poet was Robert 
S. Lanier, and his mother, Mary An- 
derson, a Virginian of Scotch de- 
scent, belonging to a family gifted in 
music, poetry and oratory, and that 
had supplied members to the House 
of Burgesses for more than one gener- 
ation. We see thus that Sidney Lan- 
ier inherited his artistic temperament 
from both sides of the house. His 
earliest and strongest p,assion was for 
music. A a child he learned to play, 
almost without instruction, on every 
kind of instrument he could find, 
flute, organ, piano, violin, guitar and 
banjo. He devoted himself especially 
to the flute, weaning himself from the 
violin, in deference to the wishes of 
his father, who feared for him its 
powerful fascination. 

At the aee of 14 he entered Ogle- 
thorpe College, Ga., and graduated 
with the first honors in 1860. Immedi- 
ately afterwards he was called to a 
tutorship in the college, which he 
held till the breaking out of the war. 
He then enlisted with the Macon Vol- 

Southern Grown Seed. 

We offer, subject t.) market 
changeB, the loliowiDg varieties 
of 1905 crop cow peas, recleaned 
and sacked f o. b., Hickory. 
N. C, per bushel of 60 pounds. 


Clays 1.20 

Whip poor-wills l 25 

BlackB 1.30 

New Era 1.35 

Black-Hyed Whites 1.8O 

Brown Jfyed Whites 1.6O 

Soja Beans 1.15 

Amber Cane Seed 1,00 

Choice Seed Sweet Potatoes, 
per barrel, well kept.' 

Queens (» 

Norton Yams. , 3 qq 

Pumpkin Yams ". '. g go 

Early Red Skin 300 

Hayti 2,76 

Vinelees 300 

Burt 90doy oats o.65 

HICKORY niLLIhO CO.. Hickory, N. C. 



Tobacco = Seed 

Farm in the World. 

Headquarters for Tobacco 
Seed of Every Variety. 


Hyco, Halifax Co., Va. 


75c per 100. \& per 1,000. 
As valuable lu summer 
against sun-scald, hot winds, 
etc., as they are In winter 
against cold and rabbits. 
Recommended by all leading 
Orchardists and Horticultural 
Societies. Send lor sampleg 
and testimonials. Do not 
wait until Rabbits and Mice 
ruin your trees. 

Wholesale Nursery Cata- 
logue now ready. 

Send for copy. 
Aeents Wanted everywhere. 
Fort Scott, Kans., Box 91. 


One Tear Old and June Bud Peach Trees, 
One and Two Year Old Apple, Pear, Cherry 
»nd Plum Trees, Grape Vine, Shrubbery, 
Roses, etc. Also all kinds of Small Fruit 
Plants, Strawberry Plants by the million. 
Write lor CataloKue, „„,_„ 


Chattanooga, Tenn. 



J. E. WING & BROS . Mechanicsburg, O. 






for GARDEN and FLOWER Seeds |^ 
of the highest quality and geriiii- *'E* 

Grass and Clover Seeds. Seed Oats ^ 


Hot bed Sxsb Fod O'nqs, at lowest 

prices. Write u... lor quantities 

statlDg variety and quotations wanted 

Catalog mailed free. 


Seed Merchants, *^ 



leed potatoes, grown especially for seed. 

This potato Is more extensively grown In 
this section, than all other varieties com- 
bined. We ship from here yearly, from 50 
to 75 thousand bbls. In productiveness and 
earllness, it surpasses all other varieties. It 
Is white, similar to the Rose In shape and 
most excellent for cooking. It produced 
more than 100 bbls. No. 1 potatoes to the 
acre last year, when allowed to mature. 
They always bring from 25c. to 50c. more 
per bbl. than other varieties on home and 
Northern markets. 

I have for sale several 100 bbls. choice 

No. 1 stock In bbls. $3.25. No. 2 stock In 
bbls. $2.25. f. 0. b. here. 

Order early as supply may be exhausted. 
Address: BRANCH MARTIN, Toano, Va. 

1905 CROP 

We sell the be^t 
grft,1e of Garden. Field 
and Flower Seeda and 
Bulbs, that monev will 
buy. We are reclean- 
ers or Clover, Tim- 
othy, Kftl Tii|., Uhie Grass. Mammoth White 
Rye, Me»rdles9 Karlev Seeil Wheat and a full 
line o( Fiirm .« Write for C ilaisq and Field 
Seed Price Liit FREE. 

IIS 117 Si. Clair St., Toledo, Ohio. 



grown from August planting. Prices reason- 

CHAIiLE.S BEL!,, West Point, Va. 


If you wish to be first in market, caln two 
to three weeks and get TOP PKICBS by uelng 
Northern Grown Seed. The fastest growing 
potato Is Our Extra Early Petosbey. and we 
send a bit; sample potato for only 26e (stamps 
or silver.) catnloij of Hardy Northern Grown 
Seeds FREE. Write today.-' •-.n .-„/i 

DARLINQ & BEHAN, (04 MIchigan'sl.TPcioikey^ Mich. 

A neat Binder for your back bvb- 
bera can be had for 26 aaata. Ad4r«i 
onr Bualaeu Offloe. 

unteers, which was the first military 
organization to leave Georgia for Vir- 
ginia. He was in the battle of Seven 
Pines, of Drewry's Bluff, and the 
seven days fighting at Malvern Hill. 
It is said that his captain is still liv- 
ing in Richmond, and has many in- 
teresting reminiscences of Lanier, who 
was famed among his companions for 
his beautiful music on the flute. He 
three times refused promotion in the 
army because it would separate him 
from his younger brother. At length, 
however, they were .separated, each 
being called on to take charge of a 
vessel to run the blockade. Sidney's 
vessel was captured and he was a pris- 
oner five months at Point Lookout. He 
was released in February, ISGo, and 
returned on foot to Georgia, reaching 
there completely exhausted. An ill- 
ness of six weeks ensued, and just 
as he was beginning to rally his 
mother died of consumpion, a disease 
of which he himself had already ex- 
) perienced symptoms, and he arose 
from his sick bed with one lung con- 
gested. He filled a clerkship in Mont- 
gomery, Ala., for about 18 months, and 
in September, 1867, he took charge of 
a country academy of nearly 100 pu- 
pils in Prattville, Ala. He was mar- 
ried in December of that same year to 
Miss Mary Day, of Macon, and their 
union seemed to realize all a poet's 
fondest dreams. 

His first work was a novel, pub- 
lished in 1867, and entitled "Tiger 
Lilies," a spirited tale of Southern life, 
beginning just before the war and end- 
ing with its conclusion, but Lanier had 
not found his true vocaton as a novel- 
ist. He was destined to win muen 
greater laurels in other fields. 

He began to be more and more con- 
scious of the great gifts in him, and 
determined to give himself up to music 
and literature as long as he could 
keep death at bay. His poems were 
beginning to attract the attention of 
the thoughtful and cultivated, and his 
music was even more remarkable. He 
became a professional flutist, settling 
in Baltimore in December, 1873, under 
an engagoment as first flute for the 
Peabody Symphonic concerts, and this 
position he held for six years. When 
he first entered on it, he had had 
scarcely any technical training, but 
with a little practice and in an at- 
mosphere of music, he rapidly ac- 
quired such exquisite skill that he was 
pronounced by competent critics to be 
the first flutist of the world. He 
achieved the most signal triumphs 
with his instrument, drawing from it 
wonderful violin effects, and melting 
with rapture both the scientific and 
the unlearned wilh the marvelous ex- 
pressions and soulful sweetness he 
threw into its strains. One has to 
read I^anier's letters to realize how- 
large and vital an element music was 
in his being, more so even than poetry. 
He wrote Hayne that 'he had loved 
and studied music more deeply than 
poetry," and his delight in It could be 
expressed by no word short of ecs- 


Represent the survival of the fittest Wo 
have become the largest seed bouse in the 
world because our steds are better thoQ 
others. Do you wish to grow the most 
beautiful flowers and the Unest vct;6- 
lables? riant the bestaeeds— Ferry's. 
1006 Seed Annual free to all 

D. R1. FERRY A. CO., 

Detroit, Mich. 


Ladles Waist or Skirt r.l)oes. Watches, 

Silverware and 2U oil er useful articles 


Simply send us a I'ost Card with your 
name and atklrcss plainly written and 
wewillfciul voufiill iKirla-ul.arshowto 
obt;iiu :,iiy oftho ahove FREE. 

The Ontario Seed Co. Richmond, Va. 


Wanted. Parties having or growing It will 
please write to 
FOREST HOME FARM. PurcellTlllB, Va. 

Save 10c. 

for BOe. worth of leading 1906 NoveltleB la 
Choicest Garden Seeds. $l's worth of Uni- 
versal Premium Coupons tree with every or- 


to Exchange lor Horses, Mules, Cattle or 
Hogs or win sell at a bargain.— J. D. GREB, 
Ensley, Ala., or Dabneys, Va. 


Write for prices. 




CURRD with vegetable 
remedies; entirely harm- 
leRs; removes all t^ymp- 
tona of dropsy In ft to 20 
day b::^0 to 60 a ays effects 
permaDent cure. Trial 
treatment fnrnlRhed free 
to every suflerer. noth- 
ing fairer. For :;ircnlar8 
testimonials and free 
treatment, write 
Dr H. H Qreea's Sooi* 
Box H. Atlanta, Ga. 





TPTiat horseman does not know 
the standard cure? Infallible 
when taken in time for Ringbone, 
Curb, Splint, Spavin. Never 
two opinions as to its powers. 

Bone Spavin Entirely Cured. 

KeDtou, Ohio, Feb. 20, 1905. 
Dr.E.J. Kendall Co.. 

Enosburg Fnlls, Vt. 
Gentlemen:— I hart a fine horse * 
■which 1 pi-iced at 8200.00, which 
got a Bone Spavin almost half 
tfa^cize of u lieu's een, 1 used two 
. bottles of yonr liniment and on- 
I tirely removed the Spavin and 

can tell 
k. frooi another. 

Yours tmlv. 

» Althauser. 

i Price $1; 6 for S5. 

Greatest known 
liniment for fam- 
ily use. AH drug- 
gists. Accept no 
substit ute 
•'Treatise on the 
Horse" free from 
druggists or 

Dr. B. J. Kendall Co,, Enosbnrg Falls, Vt 




Any poraon, howevf>r ineiperien 
caa readily cure either disease with 

Fistula and Poll Evil Cur 

— even bnd old p»scs1hnt sUllIed doctors ^ 
have ttbandiincd, £asy and simple; no 
cutting: just a little attention, every fifth 
dav— and your money refunded If It eve 
fallo. Curesmost cases within thirty day; 
lenvini^ the hoise sound and smooth. / 
particulars Riveu in 

Flemine'f) Tefit-Pocket 
Veterinary Adviser 
"Write ns for a fieo copy. Ninety-si 
paces, covering more thnn a hundred ve 
eriii'iry subjects. Durably bounJ, v 
dexed and illustrated. 

FLEMING KR03., Chemists, 
280 Union Stock Tardii. Chlonso, III. 


His Bunches and Bruises can be re- 
moved quickly without stopiJiug 
work with 


This remedy cures Lameness, kills 
Pain, removes any Soft Bunch with- 
out blistering or removing the hair, 
and pleasant to use. 32.00 per 
bottle, delivered, or at dealer's. 
ABSORBINE. JR., for man- 
kind, gl.oo Bottle. Allays taaam- 
mation rapidly. Cures strains. Book 11-B Free. 

W. F. YUUNG, P. D. F. 
109 Monmouth St., Springfield, Mass. 

t DEATH TO HEAVES sinrros'S iie«T», Coosh, Di. 

GiurMit..<l .^iltopi ' t«&ip«r .nd lotjl^ontlon tar.. 

iud Btomnoli trouble.' 

Strong recomjnendM. fl.ln) p,-, 

cno. of dealers, or 



For Specific Opthalmla, Moon BlindnefS 
and other sore eyes, Barry Co., Iowa City, la., 
have a sure cure. 

tacy. He was a composer, as well as 
an execiitionist, and had he lived long- 
er and had more strength, he would 
doubtless have founded a new, beau- 
tiful, and distinctly American school 
of music. In writing to his wife 
(Brooklyn, November, 1873), about 
the musical successes he had met with 
in that city, he adds, "Perhaps the 
most comr>lete triumph I have had 
was on last Sunday evening, when I 
played before an audience of a half- 
dozen or more cultivated people. 
When I had given "Blackbirds," "The 
Swamp Robin" (his own composi- 
tions), the house rose at me. Miss 
Fletcher declared that I was not only 
the founder of a school of music, but 
the founder of American music, that 
hitherto all American compositions 
had been only German music done 
over, but these were, at once, Ameri- 
can, un-German, classic, passionate, 
poetic and beautiful." 

Asger Hamerik, his director for six 
years at the Peabody, and himself a 
master musicion, pays the highest tri- 
bute to Lanier's musical genius. 'In 
his hands the flute no longer remained 
a mere material instrument, but was 
transformed into a voice that set 
heavenly harmonies in vibration. Its 
tones developed color, warmth and a 
low sweetness of unspeakable poetry. 
-His playing appealed alike to the 
muslcall.y learned and unlearned. The 
artist felt in his performance the su- 
periority of the momentary, living in- 
spiration to all the rules and shifts 
of mere mechanical scholarship. With 
his settlement in Baltimore begins the 
history of as brave and sad a struggle 
as the records of genius contain. He 
had a wife and young children to sup- 
port and not only had he poverty to 
contend with but a deadly disease that 
held him in its iron grip for the last 
fifteen years of his life. Even for a 
man of the most robust physique, his 
life would have been a strenuous one. 
On the one hand, there was a con- 
sciousness of power and indomitable 
will; on the other hand, a body wast- 
ing with consumption which he was 
forced to task far beyond its strength. 
Often for months together, he could 
do no work, but had to be carried to 
Texas, Colorado, North Carolina, and 
other places to try to recover health 
or at least to stave off death for a 
time. Never was there a finer In- 
stance of the triumph of mind over 
matter than Lanier exhibited between 
these intervals of illness and even 
during them. He had a full conscious- 
ness (though not an egotistical one) 
of his own powers, and we may im- 
agine the trial it was to a man pos- 
sessing such surpassing gifts to be 
thwarted and baffled (in part, at least) 
. by the want of means and the want 
of health. He writes his wife, "So 
many great ideas for art are born to 
me each day; I am swept into the land 
of All-Delight by their strenuous 
sweet whirlwind, and I find within my. 
self such entire yet humble confidence 
of possessing every single element of 


to give satisfaction. 



A safe, speedy: 
positive cure 


Carb, Splint, Sweeny, Capped Hock, 
Strained Tendons, Founder, Wind Puffs, 
and all lameness from Spavin, Ringbone 
and other bony tumors. Cures all skin 
diseases or Parasites, Thrush, Diphtheria. 
Removes all Bunches from Horses or 

per bottle. Sold by druprjasts, ui couu uj «»- 
press, charg'es paid, with full directions for its 
use. Send for descriptive ciroulai's, testimo- 
nials etc. Address 
THB k.VRBHCB-VILUA]I& COMPiRV, Cleveland, Ohio. 










Price, 25c., 50c., and $ I .CO. 

615 Albany St., Boston, Mass. 

heave: powders 

A guaraoteed cure for Heaves. CouRh. 

Diptemper. throat and nasal troubles. 

Dealers 50 centa. Mail 60 cents. 



THE souther:^ planter. 





The oldest, beet known, most reliable, and 
eztenslveljr uBed of all Condition Powders. It 
cures Chronic Cough, Heaves, Influenza, Dis- 
temper, Hide Bound, Indigestion. Constipa- 
tion, and all Stomach Troubles. Restores 
lost appetite, and increases the assimilation. 
It assists In fattening and Increases the quan- 
tity of milk and cream. Guaranteed to give 
satisfaction. Sold by Druggists, General 
MerchaDdIsc, and Feed dealers, or sent 
charges prepaid at the following rate: 

Package 25c; 5 Packages, $1.00 
12 Packaces, S2.0o'. 

that each package of the genuine Is covered 
with a pink wrapper. Send for descriptive 

The David E. Foutz Co., 

Baltimore, Md. 

95% vo^L Chicks^ 

^^ will live if fed risht. Most all the 

I » m im\\p\ and crop troubles come from 

iU adapted food. Stop the loss; use 

Darling's Ctiick Feed. 

Suited to young stomachs. It's balanced and 
makes St rong frame-work. Darling's Chick 
Feed prevents chick ailments. Price S2 SD 
per 100 lb. bap, f . o. b. Chicago or New York, 
cash with order. The following 100 lb. hag 
Foods on same terms: Laying Food 82 W 
Scratching Fo.ul §2.00, Forcing Food g2.Uo[ 
Mica Crystal Grit 63c. Oyster .Shells OOc. Send 
for free 1905-0 Poultry Supply Catal.ig, great- 
est yearbook issued. .\<infarest office. 

Box 69, Long Island City, New York. 

Boi 69, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, 


If you want your hens to lay during the 
winter months, they must have egg produc- 
ing feeds. We have them— come to see us. 

Alfalfa Clover Meal »2.ilO' per 100 lb». 

Valentines Meat Meal 3.00 " " " 

H. O. Scratch Feed 2.00 

H. O. Mash Feed 2.0O 

Kaffir Cern 1.76 " 

Cracked Peaa 1.50 " " " 

Ground Gate 1.50 

Cracked Com 1.40 " " " 

Oyster Shell 65 " " " 

Granite Orlta 1.00 " " 

Conkey'B Roup Cure 50 " box. 

W. J. TODD, 42« N. 6th St., RIchmend, V«. 

Always mention the Southern Plant- 
er when writing advertisers. 

power to carry them all out save the 
little paltrj' sum that would suffice to 
keep us fed and clothed in the mean- 
time. I do not understand this." 

He devoted himself with intense en- 
ergy to the study of English liter- 
ature, mailing himself master of the 
.Vn.glo-Saxon and early English texts 
and pursuing the study down to our 
own times. He read and studied 
freely also in other fields, history, 
philosophy, philology, and science. It 
was his theory that a poet needs a 
large substratum of knowledge. His 
life, as I have said before, was truly 
a strenuous one. He played at the 
Tea body as well as at other concerts 
and musical festivals, studied, deliv- 
ered lectures, wrote poems and essays 
with frequent interruptions from hem- 
horrages and severe illness. 

His poem on 'Corn," published In 
r,iP|Pincott in 1S7.5, was the first one 
that attracted much attention and the 
following year Bayard Taylor (be- 
tween whom and himself a warm 
friendship sprang up), suggested that 
he should be chosen to write the Can- 
tata for the Centennial at Philadelphia 
in 1S76. This Lanier did, Dudley 
Buck composing the music, and 
Thomas' Orchestra performing it. 

The first poem that gave him wide 
recognition as a poet was "The Sym- 
phony," one of his finest. Amongst 
other poems to which critics have as- 
signed the highest rank, I might men- 
tion "The Psalm of the West," "The 
Marshes," and "Crystal." To my 
thinking, he has written nothing more 
beautiful than the latter. "Sunrise" 
is considered by many persons his 
most beautiful and elevated poem. It 
was written while he was almost in 
the throes of death, with his tem- 
perature at 104. He was then so near 
the sunrise of the other life that its 
dawn may have shed its light on this 
poem and lent to its strains their won- 
derful elevation of thought, but there 
is throughout his poetry a solemn, 
worshipful element giving loftiness to 
its beauty. 

Lanier was a fine lecturer. He com- 
menced by delivering parlor lectures 
on Eilzabethian verse to a class of 30 
ladies, and afterwards gave a more 
ambitious course of lectures on 
Shakespeare in the smaller hall of the 
Peabody Institute. In 1S79 he was ap- 
pointed to lecture on English litera- 
ture the ensuing year at the .Johns 
Hopkins University, but by this time 
his disease had made such inroads 
upon him that it was with the utmost 
difficulty he could deliver these lec- 
tures, and at times it seemed to his 
hearers as if his breath would give out 
finally before the lecture ended. 

Hs used his failing stren.gth in pre- 
paring for young folks a modernized 
version of Froissart's Chronicles 
(1S79>, "King Arthur" (1880). and 
"Mabinogion" (1881). 

In his "Science of English 'Verse," 
he presents the technicalities of metre 
in a novel form, yet his thorough study 
of the mechanical part of verse did 

They are a Success " 

Thousands shot them last season because 
they give an open pa'.tern, even in a choked 
gun. Will not mutilate at short range. 




Apency ; 313 Broadway, New York 

Tuttle's Elixir 

$100.00 REWARD. 

Cures all species of lameness, 
curds, splints, contracted 
corJs, thrush, etc. , in horses. 
Equally good for internal 
use in colic, distemper foun- 
der, pneumonia, etc. Satis- 
faction guaranteed or money 
refunded. Used and endorsed 
by Adams Express Company. 
WTTIB'S FiMILT ELIXIR Cures rheumatism, spraiM, 
bruises, etc. Kills pain instantly. Our 100-page 
book, "Veterinary Experience," frec. 
TIITTIE'S EIIXIK CO.. 101 Beverly 8t.. BoiUb, lao, 

Bewnreot sjwcalled Elixirs -Tione genuine but Tuttle's. 
'Vvoid all blielers: tlicy offer only temponuy relwlll ta^ 


Extra fine plants of SUCCESSION. EARLY 
per thousand. Large lots $1.00 per thousand. 
F. O. B. Express Charleston. Cash with or- 
der.— ALFRED JOUANNET, Mount Pleaa- 
ant, S. C. 


^a^/ The Olives Pride Oak's Early the 
^K^^BL- l>est40 other kinds of strong and 
^■^^^^ healthy true to natne. Secon<i crop 
^HH^^B .Seed potatoes, AsparnKUS Roots, 
^^^^V Seed Corn. etc. -M vears experl- 

^II^F^ ence, i:atalogue free. JOHN W. 
HALL. Marlon Sta. Md. 


High class BLACK MINORCAS exclusive- 
ly. My flock averaged over 200 eggs each 
last year. $1.00 for 13 eggs; $J.60 f»r SS.— 
J. S. WORSHAM, 1108 Polk St, Lymchbarg, 

In October Planter, Page 78S. I.. W. WALSH, 
Drawer 248, Lynchburg, Va. 




Hollybrook Farm. 

W« have an extra fine lot of 

Price, flrst-class birds, $1.50; extra select 
birds, $2.00 eacb. 

from prize winning stoclc. Price, $2.00 each 
tor first-class birds; $2.B0 each for extra se- 
lect birds. 

All crated and delivered to express olBce_ 
here. Address, HOLLYBOOK FARM, Box 
330, Richmond, Va. 


26 CHOICE cockerels @ $1.50. 20 TIP-TOP 
cockerels (3 $2.50. "Invincible" WHITE WY- 
ANDOTTES, 14 CHOICE, clear-cut cockerels 
@ $1.50. IS EXTRA CHOICE cocks and cock- 
erels. NONE BETTER. @ .'52.50. 

"Babrock" strain. 24 EXTRA CHOICE. 
MAGNIFICENT cocks and cockerels @ $2.50. 
12 cockerels very nearly as good. Beauties 
@ $1.50. 

A few "PLUMB GOOD" pullets each va- 
riety @ $1.50. Eges in Season. Reasonable 
Prices. Scotch Collies also for sale. Satis- 
faction our motto. Send your orders to-day. 
"First come, first served."— E. C. NEWTON. 
Prop., Peo Dee Poultry Farm, Bennettsville. 
S. C. 


White P. Rocks. S. G. Brown 
and Buff Leghorns. 

Bred from prize winning strains, and great 

Double your egg production by feeding 
"GRANULATED MILK" 45 per cent. Albu- 
menold*. Save the little ones by feeding 
"BABT CHICK FOOD." Booklet fully de- 
BcriblHg these and other supplies and reme- 
dies free. J. N. COFFMANN, manager, 
Edinb«rg. Va. 


B. P. Rocks, 9 C. Brown 
Leghorns. Our birds are di- 
rectly bred from ist prizewin- 
ners at N. Y., Boston, I'hila., 
Pan America, Chicago, St. 
Louis and leading southern 

Eggsfrom Exhibition malln^a 
$2. per Ifi; $10. per 100. Egg.s 
from Utility matingsSl. per 15 
$6. per 100. Two-thirds hatch ' 
guaranteed or sitting duplicated at half price. 

Our business is growing! why? because we 
•tarted with the best Btock money could buy 
and have pleased our customers. Why not let 
us start you right with a setting or two of eggs. 

Hatch your winners now for next fall shows. 

We breed only the best and use the double 
YDS, Box. 2R7 Richmond, Va.. Breeding yds. 
4 miles from City on C. & O. 


From high scoring females headed by prize 
winning male S. C. BUFF ORPINGTON. R. 
Some fine Leghorn pullets and cockerels tor 
sale cheap. Remember we guarantee safe 
delivery and that all stock and eggs will 
be OS represented.— RIVERSIDE POULTRY 
FARM Bufola, N. C, R. F. D. 1. Box 4. 

not obscure nor fetter his poetic ge- 
nius. Under the designation of "tone 
color," he treats suggestively of 
rhyme, alliteration, vowels and con- 
sonant distribution, showing how a 
recurrence of euphonic vowels and 
consonants secures the rich variety in 
tone color which music gives in or- 
chestration. Illustrations of these 
technical beauties abound in his own 
works, as, for instance, in 'The Song 
of the Chattohoochie," "Sunrise on 
Marshes," and others. 

After his death, his lectures on 
"The English Novel and its Develop- 
ment" were published, also his com- 
plete poems and a volume of essays 
on music and poetry. Last of all, his 
letters have been published, and they 
are nearly as beautiful and soulful as 
his poems, and they throw great light 
on him, both as a man, a poet and 
a musician. The late Dr. Curry says 
of these letters that "though nomin- 
ally in prose, they are an unbroken 
series of poems. The poet has em- 
bodied in them the richest thoughts 
and the emotions of his spiritualized 

He has been compared to Milton 
and Rusldn in his love of the beauty 
of holiness. In one of his lectures 
he says, "The beauty of holiness and 
the holiness of beauty are one and the 
same thing, burn as one fire, shine 
as one light." 

The most remarkable feature about 
his gifts is their complete symmetry 
as well as greatness. He overflows 
with fancy and imagination, possesses 
the constructive and critical faculties 
in a high degree, has a vein of wit 
and humor in the background of more 
recognized qualities, and adds to all 
these natural gifts, the acquisitions of 
fine scholarship. How brief his day 
and how great his physical limitations! 
Before his sad heroic life closed, the 
world began to discern the greatness 
of his gifts, and with an ever-increas- 
ing recosmition of this, it has assigned 
him a place amongst the Immortals, 
with Poe, Keats, Shelley, Tennyson 
and others of the illustrious brother- 
hood of great poets. 

A. 2:10y4. 
Trainers and owners of valuable 
horses do not experiment when they 
have a case of strained tendons or lig- 
aments, soft bunches of any kind, they 
use Absorbine. Absorbine does not 
blister or remove the hair and horse 
can be used during treatment. It is 
mild in its action but positive and per- 
manent in results. Anderson Bros., 
Roachdale, Ind., write under date of 
July 3rd, 1905: "We have been using 
Absorbine last year and this season, 
and used it successfully on 'Trenton 
A." 2:10^ last season. We think it Is 
the best liniment we have ever used." 
Get a bottle from your druggist or 
send $2.00 and get a bottle, express 
prepaid, direct from W. F. Young, R. 
F. D., 109 Monmouth St., Springfield, 

Farmers and Poultrymen. 


Order before it is too late. I have what you 
want and prices are right, quality considered. 
Few very choice Mammoth Bronze and 
buyers. Toms, $5.00 and $6.00 each, accord- 
ing to size and quality. Choice hens of both 
breeds at $4.00 while they last. Eggs in sea- 
son, $4.00 per dozen. Order eggs now and 
have them shipped when wanted. PEKIN 
and ROUEN DUCKS, $6.00 to $10.00 trio ac- 
cording to size and quality of birds. Duck 
eggs, J1.50 per dozen; $8.00 per 100. STRICT- 
bred from Chicago prize winners, $5.00 trio, 
it unsold. BARRED. WHITE and BUFF 
males also WHITE and SILVER WYAN- 
DOTTES at $2.00 up tor males and $20.00 doz- 
en up for females. Fancy lot WHITE and 
BROWN LEGHORNS at $18.00 dozen, two 
cockerels included with each dozen birds or- 
dered. These prices only for immediate ac- 
ceptance, and subject to prior sale. SIX 
ordered promptly. MOTTLED ANCONAS. H- 
BUFF ORPINGTONS. Prices right and qual- 
ity right. 

Do not forget that I am bookmg orders for 
all of the above kinds of chicken eggs at 
$1.50 and $2.00 per sitting of 15 eggs, and In 
lots of 100 or more. $8.00 per hundred. OR- 
cost $175.00. I will have only a few dozen 
to spare at $5.00 per dozen. Those ordering 
first will get them, later on will not haro 
any for sale. I can furnish Plymouth Rock 
and Leghorn eggs, both white and brown, 
from my regular stock, by the 1.000, for In- 
cubators, it orders are placed in advance. 
Do not delay. Write to-day. 

BERKSHIRE PIGS all ages, mated and eli- 
gible to registry. Service Boars and Bre« 
Sows alwavs on hand. SHROPSHIRE an* 
SOUTHDOWN SHEEP all ages and eligible 
to registry. A few choice bred Ewes at $2i 
each. Service Rams of the finest Individuali- 
ty at right prices for strictly choice animals. 


1521 Mount Royal Avenue, 



[Febr ia:-y, 



If you want eggs that will hatch good, 
strong, PURE BRED chicks of this or aDy 
other breed buy them from a breeder that 
breeds but one kind. I am situated so that 
my dock Is nearly one mile from fowls of 
any kind. Mine are all good ones and pure 
Leghorns. Read what one of my customers 
says about my stock: 

"You will doubtless remember that I 
bought some eggs of you last spring. I had 
rather poor luck, taken as a whole though 
I have raised some nice fowls. I find that I 
have nine cockerels, and this is about six 
more than I need. I notice in your add in 
Southern Planter that you have no stock 
for sale, and it has occurred to me that per- 
haps you could find me a buyer for six of 
my cockerels. They were raised from vour 
eggs, and are fine as one would w"ant. 
Healthy and vigorous and have had a good 
range over 40 acres, and I have fed and car- 
ed for them well. I would send them to you 
or to any address that you might name at 
a price that you think right, if you can use 
them. I can sell them here in the country 
at a dollar apiece, but as I am the only one 
here who raises S. C. B. L.. I don't want 
every one to have fowls like mine. 

I shall want some more eggs later as I 
am going to buy an incubator, and I shall 
oroj'' from you. as I know your stock is -ALL 
RIGHT. Let me hear from you if you have 
time, and if you possibly can use them, 
make me an offer on my six surplus cocke- 
rels. Yours very truly. J. B WAD- 
DILL. Cashier. 

P. S. Since writing this A. JI., have sold 
one cockerel to a guest for J2.5Q. so I have 
only 5 left. W. 

■Will sell you eggs that will hatch this 
kind for tl.m for i.i. per 100. }50.nn 
per l.nno. Write to me or to my wife. CAL 
HUSSELM.VX, Roxbury, Va, R. F. D. 1. 


I have an extra fine lot of Ptock and Eggs 
for Sale: Also Kegs in season from R. I. 
Burr Leghorns. My prices are the lowest. 
H. W. STEWART, Eufola, N. C, R. F. D. 
1. Box 6. 


Orders booked now for B. P. Rock and 
Pekln Duck eggs. .Mso, cheap, quality con- 
sidered, a fine lot of B. P. Rock cockerels. 
W. B. Toms and Pekin Ducks.— CHARLES 
BROW.\. Route 1, Cartersville. Va. 

Single Comb White Leghorns ! 

Wyckoff strains of celebrated layers. Eg~s 
Parent stock from Biltmore. Eggs ?1.00 for 
15.-C0TT0N VALLEY FARM, Tarboro, N. 

S. C. WHITE LEGHORKS (Wyckoff strain). 
B. PLYMOUTH ROCKS (Hawkins strain.) 
S. C. BROWN- LEGHORNS (Biltmore strain) 
S. C. Bl'FF LEGHOR.VS. Stock and eggs 

for sale. 

and Eggs for sale.— MARION POULTRY 
YARDS, Marlon, Va. 


per 15; ^5 per 100.— FRED. N1JSSEY. Mas- 
saponaz, Va. 




The circular skirt in all its varia- 
tions makes a pronounced favorite of 
tiie season and is being shown in some 
e.\ceptionalIy graceful and attractive 
models. Illustrated is one of the best 
that combines a narrow front gore 
with the circular portions and which 
can be treated in various wavs. The 

E233 Three Piece Sliitt, 22 to 30 waist. 
original is made long r-.ud is trimmed 
with aiiplied bias folds between which 
are rows of soutache braid, but the 
folds are optional and the skirt can be 
left plain and trimmed in any manner 
that may be preferred. .4gain, the 
folds can be used and the braid be- 
tween applied in any pattern or design 
that may be liked or omitted alto- 
g'^ther. The fulness at the upper 
edges Is collected in narrow tucks 
that extend well over the hips, doins 
away with all fulness at that point, 
and what is still further advantage, 
the skirt can be cut off in walkin-? 
length if desired. In this case plum 
colored broadcloth is stitched with 
beldinc silk and trimmed with black 
braid, but nil the materials of the sea- 
son are appropriate. 

The skirt is made in three pieces 
and is laid in inverted plaits at the 
centre back. The folds are bias, made 
riouble. and arranged over It on Indi- 
cated lines. 

The quantity of material required 
■for the medium size is 12 yards 21 or 
." yards 44 or .52 inches wide with 4.t 
yards of soutache braid to trim as il- 

The pattern 5233 is cut in sizes for 
a 22. 24, 26, 28 and 30 inch waist 

No style of dress suits the young 
child better than the Russian and 
among all the Russian models is none 
prettier than the one illustrated which 
is adapted alike to girls up to eight 
years of age and to the wee boys who 
have not put off dresses. As 
shown the material is dark red cash- 
mere trimmed with an effective band- 




Eggs: n.50 for 13; J2.50 for S». 
S. C. WHITE LEGHORNS. Blancbard and 
Wyckoff strains; Eggs from best pen tl.50 
per 15; Second. $1 for 15. S. C. BROWN 
LEGHORNS, ^^hitman strain, $1.00 for 15. 
Will spare a few sittings from our 240 egg 
strain of S. C. Brown Leghorn, mated to 
produce exhibition males, at J2.50 for 15. 
Satisfaction guaranteed.— H. G. ROBERTS. 
Prop. Roanoke. Va. 


strong, healthy, farm raised birds for 
sale at all seasons: COCKERELS, »1 to $L50: 
B. P. ROCK and PEKIN DUCK eggs. (1 for 
15; 2 Sittings, J1.50. Reduced prices after 
April 15 on eggs.— MRS. R. E. WILHOIT, 
Phone 110. Somerset, Va. 


Barred Plymouth Rocks 

16 years line bred beautifully barred large 
size, bred-to-lay kind. Eggs $1.00 per 15; 
$1.50 for 30; S4.50 for 100. Guaranteed fresh. 
large per cent, fertile, none shipped over 3 
correct in plumage, large bone, eggs $3.0* 
Doen. Cockerels. $1 to $2. 

E. F. SOMMERS, Somerset, Va. 

Valley Farm 


(Forsyth Strain). 
Stock for sale. 
Prices riaht. 
CHAS. C WISE, Mt Sidney, Va 



and 2 Cockerels. 

Prices furnished on application. Eggs for 
hatching from pure-bred B. f. Rocks. »1. per IS 
SAML SCOTT. Vint-.a. Va, 


from pure bred WHITE HOLLAND TUR- 
per 12; MAMMOTH PEKIN DUCKS, $1 per 
raine. Va. 



Can sell you a choice, fully matured 

Cockerel of WHITE and BROWN LEGHORN 

or WHITE WYANDOTTE fowls at $L00 

each. You can find none better anywhere. 


Pure-bred WHITE WYANDOTTES »1.50 per 
silting of l.i epes. Apply to 

JOHN W. LASGFORD, Medlock, Va, 





heAdquaktkes for 

nSl.fOpersitdngol" 15: 2 selttn.-s 
JS2.75; 3 sittings S-l.ciO and SC.OU 
per lUO. 
Yards headed by some world- 
renowned, prize-winning hlood: 
■^i^'Stv ' our matinps this season stiould 
^^yr5"S^pruduce of the great birds 
53»V*-'^ of the breed. We sell A. O. 
Hawkins' st'aluand E. B. Thompson's "Ring- 
letH" noted for their massive size and as winter 
layers. Our stock will improve yours, and our 
eggs are cheap, quality considered. Cheap 
•ggs from inferior birds mean good money 
squandered, so write us before buying as we 
are sure to please vou. C. DANNE.Jr. Prop. 
John Mahanes, Mgr. - - Trevlllan, Va, 



J1.50 each. 

BUFF COCHIN BANTAMS, $6.00 per Trio. 

Choice laying heTis of B. P. R. and S. 
C. B. L., per dozen. Eggs for hatch- 
ing 7.5 cents per 15. Buff Bantam eggs $1.00 
per 10. Book your orders for eggs now. 

This Is the last offer of Breeding Stock 
for 19C6. 





25 pulletsforsnie at SI. taeh or S5..50 for 8 or 
SlOoOfor 12or821. forall. Eggs 81. per 1.5. 81.75 
per 30 or 85. per 100. Satlsf.nctioii Guaranteed. 
A. J. S. DIKHL, Port Republic, Va. 

Plymouth Rocks, 

Eggs $1.00 per 15; $2.50 per 45.— OTTER 
Prop., Bedford City, Va. 



bred for utility and beauty. Eggs from se- 
lected matings. $1.50 tor 15: $2.75 for 30; $4 
for 45; Eggs from utility mating $1 for 15; 
J5 per 100. Your patronage solicited.— A. F. 
BERGER & SON. R. F. D. 3, Richmond, Va. 


Barred Plymouth Rocks. 

Farm raised stock. Eggs, $2 per sitting ot 
15. Order early. —PARKIN SCOTT Ashland, 

Cockerels. Cockerels. 

Fine, early hatched BARRED PLYMOUTH 
ROCK and White Wyandotte. Barred Rock 
pullets. S. C. B. Leghorn hens. A few 
Mammoth Bronze Turkeys yet.— LANDOR 
POULTRY YARDS. Croxton, Va. Miss C. L. 
Smith. Prop. 


per doz; $1.5.00 per 100. 

S. C. WHITE LEGHORNS. $1.00 per 15 
$5.00 per 100. 

$4.00 per 100.— G. W. MOSS, Gulneys, Va. 

ing, but the design is a desirable one 
both for this and tor similar wool ma- 
terials of immediate wear and also 
for the washable fabrics that will be 
in demand before many months, and 
which so many mothers will make dur- 
ing the midwinter season. 

The dress is made with the fronts 
and back and is held in place at the 
waist by the novel belt, that is made 
with a separate front portion that is 
buttoned over into place. The sleeves 
arfe the full ones that make the most 
satisfactory of all for children's wear. 

5241 Child's Russian Dr«s8, 2 to Syr*. 

When the dress is desired for boys 
the left side should be lapped over 
onto the ri.?ht but otherwise there is 
no difference in style. 

The quantity of material required 
for the medium size (6 years) is 3% 
yards 27, 2% yards 32 or 2 yards 44 
inches wide with 1% yards of band- 

The pattern 5241 is cut in sizes for 
children of 2, 4, 6 and S years of age. 

We can supply these patterns at 10 
cents each. When orderin.g. simply 
say "Pattern 5244-8" and it will be un- 
derstood. Write plainly. 


Richmond, Va. 


Jno. S. Funk, proprietor of Glen 
Farm, has sold recently seven Polled 
Durham calves, nine Southdown sheep, 
and eleven Poland China hogs. Three 
of the calves were sold in this county, 
one in Albemarle, two went to North 
Carolina, and one to Maryland. Mr. 
Funk, by careful breeding and fair 
dealing has established a very large 
trade, extending over eight States, and 
scarcely a week passes that stock is 
not driven or shipped from his farm. 
His sales are larger than those of any 
other stock farm in the Valley and 
possibly in the entire State of Vir- 
ginia. — Harrisburg Daily News. 



Price. $1 tor $15; $5 per 100; 2-3 hatch 

A few more nice White and Brown Leg- 
horns and some nicer Cockerels of the dif- 
ferent breeds for sale.— OAKLAND POULTRY 
FARM, C. J. WARINER, Manager, Ruffln, 
N. C. 


A few more handsome cockerels for sale. 
S. C. W. LEGHORN (Biltmore prize win- 
ner's strain) a bargain at $1.00 each. 6 
for $5.00. Eggs tor sale in season from S. 
C. W. L., B. P. R., and R. I. REDS at 
75 cents for 15. 3 sittings for $2.00. Satis- 
faction guaranteed.— MRS. F. B. WILLIAMS, 
(Charlottesville, Va. 


I am now booking orders for eggs from 
choice pens of ROSE COMB WHITE WY'AN- 
DOTTES. S. C. R. I. REDS and S. C. BUFF 
ORPINGTONS. Write me tor prices. Satis- 
faction guaranteed. Address. FOREST PARK 
FARM Charles W, Smith, Prop., Williams- 
burg, Va. Box 3S. 

Barred Plymouth Rocks 

exclusively; strong, healthy, vigorous farm 
raised, bred for laying. 75c. for 15 eggs. 
WM. B. LEWIS, Irby, Nottoway Co., Va. 




'it 'is"notTbe'PRiC'El)ur IheQUALITV tbat'is 
high.- Carefully selected eggs $1.50 for 15. ^ 
*" EDGEtOMBE FARM, K. F. D. No. 1. " 

*'Money in Poultry." 

Our new 1906 book tells 
how to make it. Tells how 
to treat diseases. Feed and 
care for poultry successful- 
ly. Illustrates and tells all 
about 40 varieties FAMOUS 
with Low price on stock 
SSr* and eggs. Send 6c. in 
■'stamps to, JOHN E. HEAT- 
WOLE, Box L, Harrison- 
burg, Va. 

W n 1 1 b 1;^ Wyandottes 

S. C. Buff Leghorns 


Pekin Ducks. 

If you want quality, give me your orders 
for Eggs for hatching, and I will guarantee 
satisfaction. My stock Is second to none 
and bred for UTILITY as well as for SHOW. 

EGGS: $1.50 for 15; $2.60 lor 30; PekIn 
Duck Eggs. $1 for 9. _ _ . „ 

BUSH, Uno, Va. 






The World's greatest Winter layers. We 
breed the S. Comb Buff OrplngitoD only, and 
of the best blood that we could procure in 
the U. S. Our birds are from Imported 
fowls, and we have culled close and put 
DO bird in our pens but the best specimens. 
We have 2 pens. Pen A is headed by 2 
cocks. Sir Walter and Yellow King. Pen B 
Is headed by 2 cockerels. Sir Chas and Bell 
Boy. E^gs. $1.50 for 15 eggs: J2.75 per 30 
from either pen. Send for circular. 

Address and make all crders payable to 
B. O. POULTRY YARD. Rapidan. Va.. R. 
F. D.. No. 1. 



Don't fall down by placing your ORPIN'G- 
TON orders with breeders of many varieties. 

We are SPECIALISTS and our one breed 
(S. C. Buff Orpington) gets our entire care 
and attention. 

15 Eggs from free range birds. Jl: 50 eggs 
S3. 15 Eggs from Special Mating. J2; 50 
Eggs. J5. E>rery shipment guaranteed to 
be true to breed, fresh, and at least 75% fer- 
tile. A few cockerels for sale at IL50 each. 
No hens or pullets to offer. 

Place your orders ahead, to insure prompt 
delivery.— FAY CRUDUP. Mgr.. Jeffress. 
Mecklenburg Co.. Va. 

S. C. Buff Orpingtons, 

MammotK Bronze TvirKeys, 

We are now ready to book order* for 

Most of our pens of Orpinstons will be headed 
by mnle« from Coots prize Winning Strains. 
Mated to hens of excellent breeding. 

away nearly enouch in free preminm* to p^enav 
eipre»son stnckor eg'B. Write ^■.^. QUEES- 
LANDF.\RM, Hagan, R. D . 2. Boi T. Va. 

Glenview Orpingtons. 

Single Comb Buffs Exclusively. 

Pairs. Trios. Pens at special prices this 
month. I pay all EXPRESS charges. 
Guaranteed eggs for hatching f3.50 per set- 
ting. N'ew Prairie State Incubator and 
Brooder catalog free. 

B. S. HORNE. Keswick. Va. 


Young stock and eggs. BUFF ORPING- 
TON and White Wyandottes eggs only. A 
few OAKSADE M. B. TURKEY pulleU left. 
4 splendid Buff Orpington cockerels. 



Majestic and Beautiful! Wonderful egg 
producers all the year. Non-sitters. Why 
waste feed on scrub stock? 

Our stock from best blood in America, flret 
prize winner* Madison Square Garden (1905). 

Orders booked now. Eggs, best pens. 
J2.00 per 15.— V. H. COUNCIL. Warrenton. 


must be first-class Birds and prices right: 
also some Choice S. C. Buff Orpington early 
hatched Pullets or Yearling Hens and some 
Pure Mammoth Bronze and White Holland 
Turkeys, both Toms and Hens. Give age. 
weight and lowest cash prices singly, pairs 
and trios. Address. J. MARVIN HOBBS. No. 
205 Paca St., Baltimore. Md. 


In this list will be found prices on 
papers, magazines and periodicals 
which are most called for by our read- 
ers. We have club rates with nearly 
all reputable publications, and will 
quote them on request: 


Alone. S. P. 
Times-Dispatch, Richmond, 

Va $6 00 $6 00 

Times-Dispatch (without 

Sunday) 4 00 4 00 

News-Leader, Richmond, 

Va. 3 00 3 00 

The Post, Washington, Dl 

C 6 00 6 00 

The Sun, Baltimore, Md.. 3 00 3 40 

Thrice a week. 

The World, New York 1 00 1 25 

Times-Dispatch, Richmond, 

Va 1 00 1 25 

Central Presbyterian, Rich- 
mond, Va 2 00 2 2a 

Southern Churchman, Rich- 
mond. Va 2 00 2 25 

Harper's Weekly 4 00 4 00 

Breeders' Gazette 2 00 1 50 

Country Gentleman 1 50 1 75 

Hoard's Dairyman 1 00 1 30 

Horseman 3 00 3 00 


Kimball's Dairy Farmer. . . 1 00 75 


The Century 4 00 4 25 

St. Nicholas 3 00 3 25 

Lippincott's 2 50 2 50 

Harper's Magazine 4 00 4 00 

Harper's Bazaar 1 00 1 40 

Scribner's 3 00 3 25 

American 1 00 135 

Cosmopolitan 1 00 135 

Everybody's . 1 50 175 

Munsey 1 00 135 

The Strand 1 00 1 35 

Madame 1 00 1 00 

Argosy 1 00 135 

Review of Reviews 3 00 3 00 

Field and Stream 1 50 1 50 

Women's Home Companion 1 00 1 25 

Reliable Poultry Journal.. 50 75 

Industrious Hen 50 70 

Poultry Success 1 00 75 

Blooded Stock 50 65 

Successful Farming 1 00 60 

Southern Fruit Grower 50 85 

Shepherd's Criterion 50 75 

Commercial Poultry 50 75 

When two or more publications are 
wanted, the price for them can be 

found by deducting 50 cents from 
"price with Southern Planter." 

We cannot under any circumstances 
furnish sample copies of other publi- 

We will cheerfully quote our best 

price on any list of publications sub- 
mitted to US. 




I am prepared to furnish Eggs for hatdl- 
ing in large or small lots, from vigorotu. 
farm-raised stock, produced from sta n da r d 

G. F. POINDEXTER. Greenlee. Rock- 
bridge Co., Va. 

White Wyandotte 

Cockerels for Sale. 
Beauty, Size and B.%%» 

]■= wbat I breed for 

Fall Creek Poultry Farm 

A. L. PARKER, Ashland, Va. 

exclusively. For the next SO days, I will 
offer some extra good values In WHITE WY- 
DEXTER. Greenlee. Rockbridge Co., Va. 


From pure bred Duston strain. 

EGGS, n.50 FOR 15. 

No better to be had at any price. 2* 

spring cockerels for sale at reasonable prices. 

Write for prices.— ELLERSON POULTRY 

FARM. J. W. Quarles, Prop.. Ellerson. Va. 


Eggs now ready. Great big Graves an* 
Root males. Save years of time ami trsable 
by starting right. 


R. W. HAW, Centralla, ▼•- 

White Plymouth Rocks 

Strong, healthy, vigorous farm raise* Bt»ck 
bred for laying eggs. Chicks, strong as* 
easily raised. Jl.OO for 15. Also M. B. TUR- 
KEY EGGS. 1.000-acre range.— MRS. N. C. 
McFADYEN. Cameron. N. C. 

91. B. XVRKEV XOraS, 






C. T. JOHNSON, - Beaver Dam, Virginia. 



Want an Indian Runner Duck and *raka. 




Rhode Island Reds. 

|g,w r- . -. •* — ^ .» « f» J -, V «v »^ 5 ^ «. -. ; -J «> 

As good layers as LeghorDs. as large and 
well ihaped as Plymouth Rocks, and of beau- 
tiful markings. The newest and most desir- 
able fowl now offered. 

10 COCKERELS but no more pullets or 
hens for sale. Eggs from Pen No. 1, J2.50 
for 1.5: No. 2 $1.50 for 15. 

BUFF LEGHORNS, $3 per trio; Eggs ?1 
for IS. 

BRONZE TURKEYS, not extra large but 
beautifully marked, extra prolific layers. $7.60 
a trio. 

Young Toms ?3.00 each. Ready for ship- 
ment In January.— A. R. VENABLE, JR., 
Box 147, FarmvUle, Va. 

ROSE and S. C. 


S. C. Brown and White Leg / 
horns, White Wyandottes, anc 
Barred Plymouth Rocks 
EggsSl.OO per 15: 81. 75 per 30; 
$2.75 per50;Sb;00 per 100. RIV- 
J. B. COFFMAN & SONS, frop're.. 
R. F. D., 19, Dayton, Va. 


R I. Red Cockerels. 

$1 to $3. Eggs In season. 3 Pedigreed PO- 
LAND CHINA Boar Pigs, $6 each, If taken 
at ence.— WM. P. KEMP, JefTreBS, V*. 


Rhode Island Red 

A fine lot of young birds to grade up a 
farmers mixed flock or to breed with the 
best of their kind. 

No pullets to spare. Eggs for hatching, 
11.50 per 15, after March 1st. 
Cockerels, $1.00 and $2.00 according to style. 
B. C. COOK, Crozet, Va. 


Rhode Island Reds 

Bhttra good layers. Large Size.— C. A. STEB- 
BINS, Broadcreek, Va. 




81 per 15; $2.75 per 50; 85 per 100. 

All eggs guaranteed freehand 
true to name. 

A tew fine Cockerels at S2 each. 

MuddyCreek Poultry Farm. 
W. M. HEATWOLE, Hinton, Va. 

Uk Hjaaloltes. 

A tew alee Roosters of this choice breed tor 
■ale ckeap.— W. H. ADKINS, Swoope, Va. 



Kggs from best matlnea 81.00 per 15. 
Miss KATIE THOMPSON, Neverlet, Va. 

Editor Southern Planter: 

The long lists of valuable articles 
that have appeared in your Journal 
during the past few years in the in- 
terest of scientific farming, should 
certainly be appreciated by everyone 
who desires to see greater strides and 
achievements made among the far- 
mers of our south land. While we 
feel sure the great work of The 
Planter is being felt and seen on 
many farms, yet we are confronted 
with so many hindrances on the path 
of successful farming, that people as 
a whole are too prone to give up and 
drift back into the old worn-out meth- 
ods of our fore-fathers practiced a 
century ago. We fail to apply the 
teachings of progressive farming as 
taught by our most scientific men and 
as a consequence, we are "failures" 
pure and simple and each year finds 
us in the same old rut with no pro- 
gress made in any line whatever. Of 
course no one is to blame but the 
farmers themselves. We regret to 
have to say, nevertheless, we believe 
it a fact, that less intelligence is prac- 
ticed by our southern farmers than 
most any people of our country. Di- 
versity of crops is limited to only a 
few, we idle away the winter months 
and forget this is the time to prepare 
our lands for the next crop by sub- 
soiling, liming and preparing manures 
and a thousand other things that are 
left undone till spjring. There is work 
for the farmer the entire year and 
the sooner he realizes it, the better 
for him. 

We are exceedingly glad to note 
great improvement in stock, particu- 
larly in hogs among the farmers in 
our immediate section. The best 
strains of Poland-Chinas, Berkshires 
and Duroc-Jerseys are to be found on 
most of our farms and since the in- 
troduction of these pure strains, we 
are raising enough meat for our home- 
supply and some to sell. These pure 
strains of swine brought also, better 
pastures, such as Bermuda sods and 
we bespeak for our neighbors, better 
times just ahead. 

We see diversity of crops practiced 
more and more each year and a more 
liberal use of the cow-pea on our worn- 
out lands. Our farmers subsoil a 
great deal more and are learning to 
cultivate their lands level, and we 
trust in the near future to see indeed 
a new South, a more prosperous peo- 
ple, a more Intelligent class of far- 

May the time soon come when the 
great work of The Southern Planter 
can be seen on every hilltop and in 
every dale. W. P. SMITH. 

Marion Co., S. C. 

We appreciate very much this gen- 
erous tribute to our work and are 
greatly rejoiced to know that good re- 
sults are beginning to be seen. If 
farmers would only carry out our 
friend's suggestions and observe the 


Fresh eggs for hatching from 
high scoring birds SI per 16; 
$.1 per 100- Choice Cockerels 
81 25 and 81 50 fenialesSl each. 
Satisfaction guaranteed to 
every customer. 
Dr. H. H. LEE, Prop, r. r. D 4 Lex- 
ington, VA. 


My prices will please all as will the qual- 
ity. Some first prize cocks head my flocks. 
REDS. Won seven Ists on my S. P. WY- 
ANDOTTE; 1st and 2nd hen; 1st pullet. 
O. E. SHOOK, R. F. D. 1, Waugh, N. C. 

S. C. B, Leghorn 

Cockerels; limited number of pure-breds; 
none better; $1 to $1.50 tor quick orders: 
Eggs, $1 for 15; orders being booked. 3 TO 
RIDGE FARM. W. S. Guthrie, Prop., R. P. 
D., 2, TroutvUle, Va. 

S. C. Brown Leghorn 

Eggs, n cents for 15. Book ysur orders new 
fer Spring Delivery. Special care given to 
each order. Satisfaction guaranteed. 

The manager of the above farm is well- 
knowB te me and is thoronghly reliable. S. 
B. COOQIN, Agt., Southern Express Co. 


from six leading varieties at 
l.perl5;81.7iper 30: {2.75 per 
0; *5 00 per 100. S. C, WBITE 
Rose and 8. C. Rhode Island 
Reds and White Wyandoites. 
.T. D. GLlCK, prnp'r, Dayton, 
Va.. E. F. D., No. 19, Box 41. 


Pure-bred S. C. B. Leghorns at 75 cents 
each, reduction If ordered In large num- 
bers. Eggs of same 53.00 hundred.— MRS. A. 
W. DAVIS, Blanton, Va. 


Eggs for sitting in season, from the best 
strains of Black Mlnorcas, at $1.00 for 15 and 
55.00 per 100 eggs.- A. C. THROCKMORTON, 
Rapldan, Va., R. F. D. 1. 


Pure-bred S. C. WHITE LEGHORNS, $1.0« 
for 15. but will give ten extra for the next 
30 days to Introduce my flock. Will ship egga 
when wanted.— J. R. PACE. Oxford, N. C. 

Muscovy Ducks. 

Very line large Muscovy Ducks, I2.B0 per 
pair. Also a few White Plymouth Rock 
Cockerels choice breed. Mm. S. Y. QHj- 
LIAM, Church Road, Va. 


THE souther;^^ planter. 



The Celebrated MAMMOTH BRONZE, bre<S 
by the best Poultry Yard In the East. Flr«t 
orders, first choice of birds. PIEDMONT 
POULTRY PLACE, Miss., E. Callle GUea, 
Prop.. Whittles Dep., V». 



Mammoth In size, correct In plumage: Individ- 
nally tbeb'st wp have seen. Foundation stock 
from two of the best vnrda In the countrv. Pri- 
ces very reasonable. \V. G. HUNDLEY. iVorlrtt. 
Va. Dor and chicken Fancier. Shenvood 
Chli-ken?. M.B. Turkeys, English Setters and 
Folate rs. 


Pure-bred. Finest Individuals: May hatched 
Toms weighing from 20 to 30 lbs.; price H.BO; 
hens. J3.50., f. o. b. here, cash with order. 
For further particulars write to J. EDGE 
FARTS, Red HUI, Va. 



from prize winning strains. SILVER LACED 
Just weaned. Reasonable prices and satis- 
faction guaranteed.— J. G. BUFORD, R. F. 
D., No. 2, Dublin, Va. 


perfect beauties, large size sirictly pure-bred 
Tom's J4.00. Hens, K.OO, White WYANDOTTE 
COCKERELS, Jl.OO each: Wolf strain, fine 
birds.— MRS. N. E. BLANTON, Blantons. Va. 


• Bronze Turkeys 

For Sale— A Choice lot of Toms Jo, 
Hens J2.50 to f3. Crated and on car. Prompt 
shipment.— Address: (MRS) S. H. ANDER- 
SON. Blaker .Mills. W. Va. 

Farm near Anderson, W. Va. on C. & O. 
R. R. 



Eggs In Season. 
G. W. BARBOUR, Somerset, Va. 

Bronze Turkeys 

heavy weights, fit to show at Madison Square. 
LESLIE D. KLINE, Vaucluse, Va 

n. B. TURKEYS. B. P ROCK and r\. P 

DUCK eggs. Also. S. C. B. Leghorns hens. 
W. B. GATES. Ettricks, Va. R. F. D. 1. 


for sale at 10 cents each. Rankin strain di- 
rect; no shipment less than a sitting. 

M. L WEST, R. F. D. 5. Richmond, Va. 



advice given in The Planter, they 
would soon see prosperity. — Ed. 


The layman can hardly realize the 
lack of system that prevails on the 
average farm. Drainage is little 
thought of on the lowlands, crops are 
rotated only as chance determines, 
and probably not one farmer in a 
hundred can tell what enterprise on 
his farm and under his conditions is 
the most profitable. In no other 
business is it likely that men can be 
found with $10,000, $20,000 or $50,000 
investments who never pretend to 
keep books of tlie business. Farmers' 
books are too often kept in this man- 
ner. — gain, money in the bank; loss, 
money borrowed. The writer once ar- 
gued this question of keeping books 
with a well-to-do -American farmer, 
who finally concluded his argument by 
saying. "Farming ain't all keeping 
books, by a long shot." Truth lies in 
the argument, but keeping books is 
not all there is to manufacturing fur- 
niture or transporting freight, and yet 
it must be a valuable accessory or it 
would have been discarded years ago. 

There are still thousands of far- 
mers in the middle West who do not 
follow the markets, who rarely, if 
ever, stop to consider the relation be- 
tween prices of feeds and prices of 
beef and pork. Hogs are fed because 
"there is money in hogs," and many 
an operation on the farm is done ac- 
cording to some preconceived notion. 
The writer knows a German farmer 
in western Minnesota who has a beau- 
tiful, clean farm, and is evidently pros- 
perous. While watching him feed his 
hogs one day, this conversation took 
place: "How old are those pigs?" 
"Sixteen months." "WTiy don't you 
sell them?" "Well. I don't like to sell 
a hog until he weighs up good and 
heavy." Further conversation re- 
vealed the facts that corn was worth 
forty-two cents per bushel and pork 
four dollars per hundred weight, live 
weight. When asked if the pigs he 
was feeding were gaining enough to 
eoual or exceed the value of the com, 
and pay him for his labor, he realized 
that each bushel of corn had got to 
produce about twelve pounds of pork 
to yield him any profit. Knowing that 
his pias were not saining the half of 
that amount, he decided to sell both 
nigs and corn. — American Monthly 
Review of Reviews. 


The following were Abraham Lin- 
coln's maxims for longevity: "Do not 
woiry: eat three square meals a day; 
say your prayers; think of your wife; 
be courageous to your creditors; keep 
your digestion good: steer clear of 
billlousness; exercise: go slow and 
easy; may be there are other 
that your special case requires to 
make you happy, but, my friend, 
these. I reckon, will give you a good 

College of Agriculture 

. . . AND . . . 

Experiment Station, 


Orders can now be taken for BERK- 
SHIRE PIGS of both sexes for Immediate i 
delivery. These pigs will be registered and 
transferred to buyer. ' 

We have a few bull calves of tha fol- ' 
lowing breeds— HOLSTEIN, JERSEY and 
GUERNSEY', which we can sell for imme- i 
diate delivery. Orders can be taken for bull I 
calves of the ANGUS and SHORTHORN 
breeds for spring delivery. 

We can now offer 2 Shorthorn cows and 2 
heifers: one of the cows has calf at foot, 
and one of the heifers has been bred. 

A few DORSET EWES are left, some of 
which have already lambed, and will be 
sold with their lambs at verv reasonable 
prices.— JOHN R. FAIN, Agriculturist. 

Cottage Yalley 

Offerings for February. 

A beautiful cream colored mare 15^ hand* 
high, weight about 1.000 lbs. rides well, nice 
gentle driver, perfectly reliable in all harnesa. 
Compactly built and easy to keep. Will sell 
chaap. She is six year's old and a nice ladles' 
driver. — •=>! 

.-Several l-Vl.i GRADE ANr;uS Pull Calves 
ready for service- «ill;make line bulls for grad- 
ing tip a herd. 

A fine lot of thoroughbred O. I. C. piga, 
both sexes, at reasonabe prices. 

BULL CALVES out of Shorthora C»W8. by 
Angus Bull. 

Several registered Angus bull aad helfar 

S. L. Wyandotte Eggs, tl for 15. 

W. M. WATKINS & SON Prop's. Saxe, V«. 


Few head of sjrade on full 
bred Jersey and Holstein cows 
and heifers, good milkers ; team 
of farm mares ; B. P. Rock pul- 
lets, and hens not above 2 years. 

Want utility stock all through 
and will pay no attention to 
fancy breeding or prices. Pri- 
ces delivered Bedford City, Va., 
Address, "Stock" Box Go, Pitts- 
burg Pa. 


stoke Pogis Jersey bull registered, 4 
years old. Is Perfect. 

Stoke Pogis-St. Lambert bull calf, 4 moe. 
old. A Beauty. 

Protection Duroc Jersey boar, 3 years, reg- 
istered, 500 to 600 lbs., best hog In Virginia, 

B. P. R. Eggs. $1.2.1 for 13, most fashion- 
able strain.— THE CEDARS FARM, Mld- 
losthlan, Va. 

Homer Pigeons, 

Bred of rhoiceet selected stock from 
Plymouth RockHqoabCo.,?! per pair. 
C. DKBRUYN K0P9, Wake, Va. 

Always mention the Southern Plant- 
er when wrlUng adyertisers. 




It Pays to Breed Only to 
the Best. 

1906 IN THE STUD 1906 

The Magaificently Bred Trotting Stallion. 

Red Court 3571 2. 

Rich Red Bay, 15.3 hands, -neight 1175 lbs., 
foaltd 1602. Hind ankles white, star in fore- 
head. Individually, a horse of grand finish, 
plenty of substance, fine disposition, and 
lei'el headed at all times. Two-year-old trial 
2:26U; last half 1:11, and goes without 
weight or boots. Sired by "Red Chute" 
2699S— 1st dam Lemce by the great "Jay 
Bird," 2nd dam, "Katia Bells" by Bow 
Bells, he by Electioneer, out of "Beautiful 
Bells." The greatest brood mare of her 
century. 3rd dam "Fairwater" by "Lord 
Russell" full brother of "Maud S," etc. 

His sire "Red Chute" is the sire of 7; 4 
being Futurity money winners, (the only 
stallion with this distinction), and the sire 
of O.xford Boy, Winner Kentucky Futurity 
1901. at 2 years, taking record of 2:20. 

Red Court has the world's most famous 
producing and winning blood close up, has 
7 producing dams, and in the first 4 genera- 
tions of his breeding, there is not a sire or 
dam that is not a winner or producer. 

I bought this horse of his breeder, Mr. W. 
W. Estill, Lexington. Kentucky, Intending to 
race him, with the view of giving him a fast 
record before offering him in the stud. I 
have since concluded to offer him to the 
public first, for the season of 1906. and send 
him down the circuit in 1907. Barring acci- 
dents 2:10 will never stop this fellow and I 
want him to have some colts coming on as 
he will not be bred while in training. He 
was bred to 4 mares last fall, all of which 
are in foal, and as he is a young horse his 
hook will be limited. Send for cut and tab- 
ulated pedigree of "Red Court" and it will 
carry its own argument of conviction that in 
producing and performing blood lines this 
horse is equalled by few and surpiissed by 
none. For terms, address: W. W. COLLINS, 
Houston, Vs.. care I unk of Halifax. 



Gira us your order for a choice Collie pup. 
Colors, sables and blacks with fancy mark- 
ings. Eligible to registry, tracing to such 
Ch. dogs as Christopher, Ormskirk Welling- 
ton. Ormskirk Emerald and Doon Marvel. 
Parents trained drivers. 

Address: H. H. ARBUCKLE, Edgewood 
Stock Fafa. Maxwelton, W. Va. 


for sale by W. W. HOBSON, Ballsville, Va. 


Registered JERSEY BULLS and 
COWS, Registered BERKS'-'IRE Boars. 
Thoroughbred PIGS. Grade BULLS and 
HEIFERS. One farm horse and one com- 
bined buggy and saddle horse. 
JA3. N. SAUNDERS. Brandywlne, Virginia. 


we ofler for sale cheap, one of the finest 
BERKSHIRE hoars in the State. 


South Boston. Va. 




fowls for sale.— J. P. LEACH, Jr. Littleton, 
N. C. 


We take occasion to say a few words 
with reference to the Transplanter 
business, which is now growing very 
extensively both in the Tobacco Dis- 
tricts of the South and the Gardening 
Sections, these Transplanters being 
exceedingly useful for transplanting 

tobacco, tomatoes, cabbage, sweet-po- 
tatoes, strawberry plants, etc. These 
machines put in the plants more uni- 
formly than can be done by hand or 
by laborers, supplying the proper 
amount of water at the roots of the 
plant, pfacking and firmly surrounding 
the plant with goodly dry ground at 
the surface. With one of these ma- 
chines properly operated a Farmer as- 
sisted by his two children, either boys 
or girls, can successfully transplant 
four or five acres a day easily and as 
above stated doing the work much 
better than by hand. 

Fetzer & Co., of Middletown, O., 
make an unusually successful Trans- 
planter and they are also old time ad- 
vertisers with the Southern Planter. 


About a year ago this paper printed 
a notice to readers that a new and 
unique veterinary book had just been 
published and was being sent out free 
upon request by one of its advertisers. 
The edition was two hundred thousand 
copies, and we are now informed that 
this vast number has been exhausted 
by the requests that have come from 
ail parts of the countrj', and that a 
new edition is ready for distribution. 
If you did not get one you have a 
chance now. The book is "Fleming's 
Vest-Pocket Veterinary Adviser," dur- 
ably bound, indexed and illustrated, 
and contains a great volume of vete- 
rinary information boiled down to 
vest-vocket size. Over a hundred sub- 
jects are covered, and the books is a 
good one to have for reference. Ad- 
dress Fleming Bros., 2S0 Union Stock 
Yards, Chicago, and mention this 

"Mr. Smith had a hard time to get 
his daughters off his hands." 

"Yes, and I heard he has to keep 
their husbands on their feet." 

An Atchison husband hovered at 
death's door so long his wife remarked 
that she supposed he was having his 
usual trouble finding the keyhole. 


for sale; nine vears 
old, weight 900" lbs. 
good teaser, no stall ion 
required. Will sell for 
half real value. Come 
and fee him. For fur- 
ther particulars spply 
to W. K. SQUIRES, 
Brooke, Va. 



100 head Jacks, Jennets, 
Saddle and Trotting stal- 
lions We Won more pre- 
mium's on our jacks at 
the Kentucky State Fair 
190S. than all other Breed- 
rs combined. Our pad- 
dle stallions are sired by 
7 of tiie gieatest saddle stallions in Kentucky. 
Come to see us we can please ynu. J. F. COOK 
* CO.. Lexington, Ky. Branch Barn, Marion. 


A fine lot of big black 
well-bred KENTUCKY 
selected by me person- 
ally from the best breed 
o( Jacks in Spain. We 

furnish a ceitifleate of 

pedigree With each Imported Jack. Come and 

see me or write for piices I can please vou. 

JOE E. WRIGHT, Junction I. ity. Ky. 


Fine JACKS a Specialty. 
3 to ^ yt-ars old pHSt; write 
for wliBt you Want. Send 
2c siamp for Catalogue. 
W. E. KNIGHT & CO.. 
Nashville. Tenn.. R. F. D. 5. 


Young Jack Stock. 

50 head now on hand and for sale. I inake 
a specialty of bleeding and selling large, 
well bred stock. Write me.— I. S. TEVIS, 
Shelby City, Ky. 


for sale or exchange: 6 yrs. 70) lbs. Guaranteed 
one two horae power and saw mounted. 

\V. S. MOTT, Dlxondale. Va. 



BRILLIANT MONARCH JR. good breeder, 
superiorstyle, quality and symmetry. 163^ hands, 
13 years old, sound.' clenn-cui head and neck 
and heavy flat bone; can't usehimlonper. Two 
Colts, 2 years past, sired by above, well grown, 
goodstyleand heavy, flat bone. Prices right 
to an early purchaser. Thos. R. Smith, Lincoln 
LoudounCo , Va. 


SULTAN 31606 for sale; will be 3 years old April 
next, weighs over 1,600 lbs black in color, 
sound flue form and style, and all right. Will 
sell cheap for quick sale. Address. F. B. AL- 
BERT, Roanoke, Va., R. F. D. No, 4. 



(or sale at reasonable prices: as good as 
can be found anywhere: especially desirable 
tor our Southern States as they are ac- 
climated; DO risk of disease by purchaser. 
D. T. MARTIN, Salem, Va. 





I have for sale, 5 pure-bred 
Galloway Bull Calves, 7 to 9 
months old ; 3 of them bred 
by me, at $50 each, and 2 bred 
by O. H. Swigart of 111., (the 
foremost Galloway breeder in 
America) at $100 each, all 
good ones. Will be kept un- 
til grass comes without extra 
charge, if Purchaser desires. 

N. S. HOPKINS, Gloucester, Va 


We will sell a registered AYRSHIRE 
BULL CALF, at shipping age, for J25 to 
parties In Virginia, Maryland or D. C. who 
have herds of grade Dairy Cows. The Ayr- 
shire cross on grade Jersey, Shorthorn or 
local stock, greatly increases milk produc- 
tion- „ . 

8 calves, ranging In age from 18 down to 
1 month, now ready; will deliver ac- 
cording to age as orders come In. Better or- 
der soon and get advantage of age.— MEL- 
ROSE FARM, Casanova, Va. 


BULL CALF FOR SALE, bom Dec. 14th, 
1905. A grandson of the great cow A. & 
G. Inka McKlnlcy, 26H lbs. butter In 7 
days; 80 lbs. milk a day, over 4% fat. 

Richly bred on both sides. Price $35.00. 
F. o. b. Registered and transferred. If taken 
soon.— W. H. NEWJIAN, Woodstock. Va. 




Baiup«liire Do-wn Kheep, 

filAMS and EW^E**. 
ROBT. J. FARRER, Orange, V«. 

Hereford Bulls 

Registered youuR stock for sale. HIGH 
GRADE HKRKFOKTjS of both sexes; also, 
WANTED some high grada SOUTHDOWN 
EWES. WM. C. STIJBB8, Valley Front Farm, 
Sassafras, Gloucester county, Va. 



3 cows 2 heifers and 2 young bulls for 

Bale. Prices low. Correspondence solicited. 

E. J. HARRISON, Flanagan's Mills, Va. 


Vegetable Soup. 

Divide a shin piece into three parts. 
Put one piece into a gallon of water 
and cover close, let it boil slowly for 
two hours. Slice into thin pieces two 
cups of turnips, one cup of carrots, 
two cups of Irish potatoes, one cup of 
cabba,ge and one cup of celery roots 
and stalks. Put these into a pan with 
a piece of butter and let them cook 
for fifteen minutes over a hot fire. 
Do not let them brown. When they 
are nearly tender, pour a little of the 
stock over them and mash before put- 
ting them into the soup pot. Mix all 
together and add a sliced onion and 
boil for an hour, thicken with a large 
spoon of flour rubbed smooth in a 
little cold water. Season with pepper, 
salt and a dash of cayenne. 

Rabbit Pie. 

A rabbit should be carefully pre- 
pared for cooking. After it is skinned, 
wash in several water, adidng a little 
piece of soda to the last. Then let 
it stand in clear water for a while. 
When it is ready to cook, dry thor- 
oughly on a cloth. Cut it into small 
pieces and lay it in a pan, nearly 
cover with boiling water, and let it 
stew until perfectly tender, adding 
pepper, salt, a slice or two of onion 
and some chopped celery. When it is 
done take out the rabbit and add to 
the liquor a cup of rich milk, thicken 
with two tablespoons of flour creamed 
with two tablespoons of butter. Line 
a deep pie pan with rich pastry and ar- 
range the rabbit in it, pour the gravy 
over it and sprinkle a dust of flour 
over the top before putting the top 
crust on. It is best to let the filling 
get cold before putting on the top 
crust and always cut a hole in the 
middle to let the steam escape. 

Baked Irish Potatoes. 

Pare and slice the potatoes and let 
them stand in cold water for an hour, 
then arrange them in a baking pan in 
layers with a sprinkle of stale crumbs 
between and salt and pepper to taste, 
lot the crumbs form the top layer and 
over that put small pieces of butter 
and enough milk to moisten the whole, 
let it bake slowly until the potatoes 
are tender, It will take about an hour. 

Snow Pudding. 

Soak a box of gelatine in two cups 
of cold water for an hour. Shave the 
rind off two large lemons and put with 
the gelatine, add two cups of sugar 
and a quart of boiling water, stir un- 
til the gelatine is dissolved and add 
the juice of one lemon. Set it aside 
in a cool place until it begins to con- 
geal then beat with the egg whip for 
ten minutes and add the beaten whites 
of six eggs, beat until almost hard 
and then turn It into the blanc-mange 


R. F. D. CockejrsvUle, Md. 
First Prize Herd 


at Tlmonlum and Hagerstawn, Mtrjuat, 
(only place HERD SbowD). 


were unbeaten at Tlmonium (Boltlmor* 
County), York Pa., and Hagerstovn, Mary- 
land, the only places sbown In 1S06. PI03 
OF BOTH SEXES for sale. 

C. & P. Telepbone and Telegraph, 4U 
Lntherrllle, Md. 



TEN HEIFERS fresh and to be fresh, at 
$50 each. 

YOUNG BULLS under 1 yr. entitled to 
registry, ?30 to $40. 

BULL CALVES not entitled to registry, 
from cows as good as any in the State, %V> 

ONE BULL, 16 mos. old, equal to any In 
breeding, dam and granddam gave over 20 
lbs. butter per week, at $100. 

A. R. VENABLB, Jr., Farmvllle, Va. 

Swift Creek Stock and Dairy Farm 

Has for sale a large num- 
ber of nice young regis- 
tered A. J. C. C. 



None better bred In the South. Combining 
closely the meet noted and up-to-date blood In 
America. Bulls, 4 to 6 months old, ;?6. Heif- 
ers, same age, $35. POLAND CHINA PIGS, t6 
each. Send check and get what you want. 
T. P. BRASWELL, Prop., Battleboro, N. C 


Berkshire Boars, 
Jersey Bull Calves, 
Dorset Buck Lambs. *" 

Sire of i^alves, FLYING FOX 6M56, son of 
Flying Fox who sold for $7,500 at the Cooper 

sale 1902. 

All stock in best of condition and 
guaranteed as represented. 

F. T. ENGLISH, Centreville, Md. 


Aberdeen Angus 

Top notch younp registered Bulls oar spe- 
cialty. A few heifers to offer with bull not 
akin. We send out none hut good individ- 
uals. Correspondence and Inspection of herd 
fersonton, Va. 


Aberdeen Angos Cattle. 

FOE SALE— Regibtered Bull Calves 
from 3 montha old up. 

L. H. GRAY, Orange, V«. 





To change Sires we offer our REGIS- 
KOTA HI, blood red, weighs 2200 lbs. Also 
3 yearling Shorthorn Bulls and 3 Bull Calves 
from Registered Stock. 

Some good BERKSHIRE PIGS, Biltmore 
Strain: M. B. Turkeys, toms and hens, large 
size.— WM. J. BURBEE, White Marsh, Glou- 
cester Co., Va. 


From Registered Stock. 
2 heifers, 5 mos. old. 1 18 mos 
old, , 1 bull 5 mos old, cheap 
ir sold at ence. Also some 

10 weeks old. Stock all in 
good ahape Now Is the time to get bargains. 

Write or call on A. J. S. DIEHL, Port Re- 
public, Va. 

Sprlngwood Short Horns. 

Red and white Bull Calves 6 to 9 mos. old. 
Also a STAIAION COLT 18 mos. old weighs 
over 1100 lbs. Sired by "Herman" the Ger- 
man Coach Stallion, weighing 1500 lbs. 

I will sell this colt, also his sire. A FEW 
POLAND CHINA BOAR Pigs. The above at 
Bargain prices. Come or write. — WM. T. 
THRASHER, Sprlngwood, Va. 


Thorous:tibred Btorses 


Pure Soutlido-wn Sliecp 
and Berkslilre Pigfs. 

FoK Sale. R. J. HANCOCK & SON, 
Charlottesville, Va. 


Insure Your Buildings. 

Write for booklet giving plan 
and explaining how you can 
become a member of the . . 

Farmers Mutual Benefit Ass'n, 

tbnB securing cheap Are pro- 
tection. Property Innared, 
i(40(r000; average cost per 
81 000 per year, »4.fi0. 
Memberahips and risks lim- 
ited to Eastern Va. 
CHAS. N. PRIENn, Oen. Agent, VIrtiali DItUUi. 

Make Your Idle Money 
Earn You Interest 

of RICHMOND, VIRQINIA for infor- 
mation concerning Ita certificate of 
deposit, eo arranged that one per 
sent, may be collected every FOUR 
MONTHS threagb your nearest bank 
or atore. 

Our experience proves this form for 
■avings to be the most satiefactory 
plan yet devised for deposits of 1100.00 
or more. 

Onr Capital and Surplus la 


JOHN B. FUECELL, President. 

JMO. U. MILLER, Jr., Vics-Prei. & G«atal«i. 
OHAB. R. BURNETT, Asslataot Cashlei. 
J. C. JOFLIN, Asslatant Caihler 

moulds and set it in the refrigerator. 
Make a custard of the yolks of the 
six eggs, three pints of milk and a cup 
of sugar, flavor with vanilla, and when 
you serve the pudding pour this 
around it. 

Lemon Pie. 

Three eggs, whites and yolks, beaten 
separately, three tablespoons of corn- 
starch dissolved in a very small quan- 
tity of cold water. Three cups of 
sugar added to the yolks of the eggs, 
three heaping tablespoons of butter 
creamed, the grated rind and juice of 
two lemons, three cups of boiling 
water poured on the cornstarch, stir 
vigorously and let it get cold before 
adding the other ingredients. Add 
the whites last and bake in open 

Variety Cake. 

This is troublesome but it pays. 
Take two cups of sugar and cream 
with one cup of butter, add one cup 
of milk and four cups of flour, lastly 
the whites of eight eggs, and season 
with bitter almond; bake in layers. 
Pilling: Make a boiled icing with four 
cups of sugar, one cup of boiling 
water, boil till it threads and remove 
from the fire and pour very slowly over 
the beaten whites of four eggs, beat 
till it begins to harden, spread some 
of this over one of the layers of cake 
and sprinkle with finely cut raisins, 
and chopped pecans, put a layer on 
this and spread with the icing as be- 
fore and on this put shredded citron 
and chopped dates, another layer with 
the icing on it with chopped figs and 
walnut meats, put on the last layer 
and ice the whole decorating with 
whole walnut and pecan meats. 

Dried Apple Custards. 

Use the sun-cured apples if you pos- 
sibly can, they are much better than 
the others. Stew them done and take 
three pints of apples, five cups of 
sugar, eight eggs, beaten separately, 
one cup of milk, one cup of flour, one 
cup and a half of butter creamed, mix 
all these ingredients together, leaving 
out the whites for meringue. Bake in 
open crusts in a rather slow oven; 
when done, spread a meringue made of 
the whites and eight tablespoons ot 
sugar, seasoned with lemon. They are 
so good that you can't make too many 
of them, and you do not recognize the 
dried apple. CARAVEN. 


The farmers' Institute held at Pur- 
cellville, in Loudoun county, on the 
17th and ISth Jany., was a great suc- 
cess. The audience room seating 
about 200 was crowded throughout the 
two days' session and the speakers 
were listened to with the closest pos- 
sible attention. Purcellvllle is located 

Poland China 

Some line ones, young sows bred, young 
boara and pigs. No better breeding in the 
United States. My herd boars have been 
sired by J. H. Sandes, Lookraeover, Perfect 
I Know, Proud Perfection, Corrector and 
High Roller, the greatest prize winners of 
the breed— my sows have been as carefully 
selected. Di/ti t:ri-^Dtd 

RED POLLED CATTLE. Fine good young 
bulls. Will sell a few cows and heifers 
ville, Va., SAM'L B. WOODS. Propr. 


with the business hams. The 
best to be feund at farmer's 
prices. Herd headed by two 
great Boars. The Sows ftra 
great producing matrons, be- 
ing bred from great pr»- 
ducers. Boars ready for serr- 
Ice. Gilts open and bred. 
Fall pigs that are dandles. 
Young M. B. Toms (abont 
20 lbs.) at prices that wUl 
move them. A. ORAHAH ft 
SONS, Overton, Albemarle 
Co., Va. 


Poland Chinas. 

Sunshine and Perfection Strains. Boars 
ready for service. Gilts bred for Spring Ut- 
ters, Choice Pigs of both sexes from 4 to 
6 months old, mated for breeding, that are 
no akin. All eligible to Registry and first 
class. Prices low, write stating what age Is 
wanted. Eggs for hatching from choice Buff 
Plymouth Rocks, n lor 15.— E. T. ROBIN- 
SON, Lexington, Va. 


12 Choice Sept. Pigs, 50 to 75 lbs. each at 
$6 to .$7. Pedigree furnished with each ani- 
mal. 1-S month P. C. Boar, well grown and 
a beauty at $15. He will weigh 160 to 175 
Ihs. Booking orders for Mch. Pigs at So 
each.— ORPINGTON PLACE, Fay Crudup, 
Mgr., Jeffress, Mecklenburg Co., Va 

Registered l.^T^'re 

C, Whites, Large strain 

All agea mated not akin, 

8 week plRs. Bred sows. 

Service boars, Guernsey 

calves. Scotch Collie pups and poultry. „iuc 

for prices and free circulars. 

P. F.HAMILTON, Cochranville.ChesterCo.Pa 



Taking orders now for spring pigs; one 
yearling Guernsey bull, whose granddam 
tested for advanced registery 34S lbs. butter 
in one year.— F, M. SMITH, Jr., R. F. D. 4, 
Charlottesville, Va. 


Poland Chinas. 

Lamplighter, Perfection and Sunshine 
stock. Write for Particulars. 
C. H. MILLER, R. F. D., 3, Richmond, Va. 



From the greatest Western winning strains, 
unsurpassed in type and breeding. Young 
boars and sows and pigs of both sexes. 

Satisfaction guaranteed. 

R. S. BEATY, Reliance, Virginia. 


G. W. BARBOUR, Somerset, Va. 





Orders now taken lor pure bred 


to be delivered after December Ist. None but 
the best will be shipped, ol.-.ers go to the pen. 
One two year old Hereford Bull, reRlstered, for 
gale, a perfectly formed Animal, and as well 
bred as America's l)est. address all communl- 
catlous to W.J. CKAlli, MKr,. Shawsvllle, Va. 



in this herd are twelve royally 
bred IMPORTED aninmls. Also 
selected American bred stuck. 
Our IMPORTED boa^s HlRhtide 
Royal Victor and Loyal Hunter 
won first at Eng. Royal and Va. 
State Fairs, respectively. A 
splendid lot of pigs of gilt edged 
breeding now ready for ship- 
ment. Dr. J. D. KIRK, Roan- 

RPDk'QHlPP I off'^TSOnieex- 
ROADQ young boare for s;tle; 
DUAKo. ),y Imported Danes- 
field Tailor, 76490 and out of Biltmore 
bred sows. It will be hard to find bet- 
ter or cheaper stuck 
HENUY VVAKDKN, Fredericksbure, Va 


We offer some Royal bred pigs from 
Lissy of Biltmore, Hurricane, 4th of Biltmore 
and Hlghclere choice of Biltmore. at mode- 
rate prices to get them into good herds. 

We also have a rattling lot of fine Duroc 
Jerseys, young boars and Gilts.— B. E. WAT- 
SOX, Stuarts Draft, Va. 


Very fine 5 months boars, from registered 
daughters of Elmwood Chief of BHtmore and 
Commander's Beauty; Sire, Mason of Bilt- 
more II. 

Three latter purchased from Biltmore 
Farms. Also young boars from two bred 
Berkshire sows, bought Biltmore sale Au- 
gust 23rd. 1905.— ROBERT HIBBERT. 
Charlottesville, Va. 

Berkshire Piers 

of the best breeding, for sale; fine individuali, 
prices right. Also M. B. TURKEYS, a few 
B. P. ROCKS and S. C. B. LEGHORN Cock- 
erels for sale. J'. T. Oliver Aliens Level, Va. 


We now haveilie blood of the great ORION 
and OHIO CIIIKF. be'ldes the otbi-r great 
you boar or i;<»* pi^- for the most fashionable 
crosses. The Duroc is the coming hog and has 
come to the front to stay. Drop us a card and 
we will tell you why. 

LESLIE D. KLISK, Vnucluse, Virginia. 

Salt Pond Herd. 


^ PAUL J. 21C2,\ 

, Oom Paul, head of 
herd. Sows by Red 
Kover, Jumbo, Longfellow and other noted 
hogs. A choice lot of Pigs at reasonable pricei, 
ready to Bhlp 


in the center of a rich agricultural 
country, dairying being one of the 
leading industries. It is no wonder 
therefore that the soils are increasing 
in fertility and that the lands are high- 
priced; in many instances costing 
$100.00 an acre. The enterprise of the 
people in this community is shown by 
the fact that they have just formed a 
company to operate a large canning 
factory with a capitalization of |24,- 
OiiO.OO. It is interesting to know that 
this stock is held by tl;e farmers 
themselves and that the business will 
be run and managed in their interest, 
.^s soon as our farmers learn to not 
only grow the product, but to manu- 
facture it in so far as possible alid 
to cooperate sufficiently to enable them 
to put their products on the market 
and get a fair share of the price the 
consumer pays, the better it will be 
for them. Therefore, it is no wonder 
that there is an increasing sentiment 
in favor of agricultural education and 
a growing interest in all scientific 
work that will enable the farmer to 
improve his practice and reduce the 
cost of production. 

One of the interesting features of 
this meeting was an exhibit of corn. 
There were a large number of most 
excellent samples on exhibit. The first 
prize corn was grown by Mr. Cochran, 
of Hamilton. The ears shelled out 16^4 
ounces, yielding 1123 grains, and the 
cob weighed 2 '4 ounces. This corn is 
white and Jlr. Cochran has given some 
attention to its selection for years 
past. It was an excellent sample and 
will do credit to any community. It 
is a well known fact that home grown 
corn is more likely to give satisfactory 
results in a community than untried 
varieties brought in from a distance. 
Therefore, Mr. Cochran's work is to 
bo commended and the people of his 
section will do well in many instances 
to purchase seed corn from him. 

Another excellent exhibit of white 
corn was made by Mr. Embry, which 
shelled out 15% ounces of grain per 
ear: the cob wieghed 2% ounces and 
the grains per ear numbered 918. This 
grain was not quite so deep as that 
grown by Mr. Cochran: it was broader 
on top, and as a result there were only 
12 rows per cob, whereas, in the case 
of Mr. Cochran's there w'ere 16 rows. 
Observe that there was a difference of 
over 300 grains per ear, due to the 
shape of the grain. 

Two oxcoHent samples ■ of yellow 
corn were exhibited, one by Mr. Smith 
and another by Mr. Gregg. In both 
instances the ears shelled out 16',^ 
ounces of .grain, and the cobs averaged 
right around 2'™ ounces in weight. 
Mr. Smith's corn shelled out 1169 
grains per ear and Mr. Gregg's 894. In 
this instance observe that two ears 
yielding the same weight of grain 
showed a difference of 275 grains. Mr. 
Gregg's corn was the better because 
the grains were broad, firm and flinty 
in character. In the other sample the 
grains were more of the shoe-peg type 


O. I. C. PIGS 

Eligible to reglatry and first claas Boan 
ready for service, $10.00 each, 3 moa. pigs 
either sex, $5.00 each, Polland China plga 
eligible to registry, $5.00 each. None bat 
good ones shipped.— A. O. HCTTON, Lezlos- 
lon, Va. 


O. /. a SWINB, 

Service boars and gilts at JIO. 2 moe. 
old pigs at $5. First-class stock. 

Also SCOTCH COLLIES for sale. Males 
J5. Females, 14.— T. M. WADE, Lexington, 


Woodland Farm has a few of the best rams 
it has ever offered. Wool Is an item worth 
considering this year, and our rams are ex- 
ceptionally heavy shearers, besides having 
excellent mutton forms. J. K. WING A 
BROS. Mechanicsburg, O. 

Registered Dorset Ram. 

I offer for sale, cITfeap. to avoid in-breeding, 
my registered Dorset Ram, 3 years old. fine 
animal, certificate of registry furnished — 
write for price. Also, a few fancy PEA- 
COCKS. SNOW WHITE, fan-tailed pigeons, 
and thoroughbred mated HOMERS for squab 
raising. THOS. TOSlLINSON, Tato 

Springs, Tenn. Reference, Bradstreet or Dun. 


for the best Poultry. 

R. C. Brown and S. C. Buff Leghorns; 
White (Pedigreed) and S. L. Wyandottes; 
Barred P. Rocks, (Thompson's Ringlets di- 
rect): R. C. Rhode Island Reds; M. B. Tur- 
keys. Grand lot White Wyandotte and 
Plj-raouth Rock Cockerels. Stock $1 to J2; 
Eggs. ?1.50 per sitting. 

Write your wants and get Special price 
on large orders.- MRS. J. R. JARVAGIN, 
Tate Spring, Tenn. 

Southdown Sheep 

I have some choice 
Essex Sows 4— 6 mos.old and pigs for'prlng de- 
livery .also some choice Southdown Ewe lamba 
for Jan. and Feb. delivery. L. G. JONKS, To- 
baccovllle. N. C. 


or exchange; "4 Red Poll and Vi Durham; a 
fine animal.— T. S. NICHOLS, Chase City, 


Angus Calves. 

Large Toulouse Geese. 

,r. p. THOMl'.SON'. Orange. Va. 


CHESTER WHITES at farmers prices: 
now booking orders for spring delivery. 
S. M. WISECARVER, Rustburg, Va. 

Mention The Southern Planter when 
writing advertisers. 






M. W. Savafre, sole proprietor of ••International Stoek Food Co." Minneapolil, 
[inn. is also owner of "international Stock Food Farm" of 700 acres. 10 miles from 
,eapoli9^_The above engrayine shows the main training stable which was 

designed bf Mr. Savage andis the ob]? stable of th— 
400feet lone across the front. The Octagon center Is 
eaoh of the five wings is 157 feet long and contain 

__. the world 

f eefe in diamaeter and 
box Rtalls each having 

entire stable. The entire stable is heatedbr steam and hot water and coat _ 
$5<j000. WealBohaveoverlOOadditiondlstnllain our brood mareetables. This 
farm is located in the beautiful and fertile valley of the MinueBota Biver« 
which empties into the Mississippi River at old. Historic Fort SBelling. The 
farm is reached br both Steamboat and train and is one of nature's garden spots 
for a (arm of this kind. A sparkling trontstream which never freezes wint^s its 
war throagh the farm and under the shade of many magnificent trees gather 
many pionicpartiesto enjoy the beauties of natureand towatch thecareani 
'ng ofthe large number of colts always in training on ourmile track 

3 famous track builder Mr. Beth 

. . . ties of 

„ __ __ „_ _ber of colts alwa 

located on river bank and built by thoworl 

Griffin. This is one of the very best and fastest sod tr>icks ever built and 
although built on comparatively level ground it cost $IB00O. on account of the 
slow, careful work necessary to the best se'ection and placing ef the sod. We 
rbing touch of a plow and placed the 

y eo that the colts 

■in?. Wen 

selected eod that had never felt the dis 
roots up. This makes atrack of unusnallife and ela^t 
do not become sore or bad gaited from their everyday trai 
building a half-mile track for epecial nse when the mile track is unfit for ^ 
byreason of rainy weather and forthe t rain iug^of colts intended for race events 

ed on this farm 

_ _ ODsly medicated 

Twenty five iprings are located in different 
dantly supplied with the purest of woter. 
n is the only farm inthehisto: 
I'orld Champion Stallions as D 
2K)2^ Directum 2:05H and Arion 2K)7%'. These Btalli. 
present time champions, in their classand wilhoarother stalliom 
2^H Ed Patch 2:083^ Bottonwood 2:17 Directum Jr. 2:24^ eat * 
Stock Food- three time* per day. Dan Patch 1:65W the fasteet harnc 
world has ever seen, neverbrokethe world's record until after 1: 
**Iat«rBBtlonal Stock Food" six months. It made his blood pure and 
lentlystrenghtened his entire system, aid^d hisdli^est' 

broken twelveworU 
condition and rnnr 
» We also have one 
and they eat "Int^n 
want you to look thi 

hundred high cla 

more speed, ^....u.ou. 
Dun Patch l^^S^^ h 
: 1906 in remarkably fine 

nd their colts every year 



guarantep to refund your money immediately if purchase is not ezcatly as des- 
cribed. We take all risk and guarantee satisfaction. Write us at anytime. Our 
lossof colts at foaling time has always been extremely small and we attribute 
thisto the fart of our mares being kept in much better condition by the con* 
Btant use of **InlerBtttlaD«i Sloek Food". 

Prominent horse breeding farmers and trainers are regular users of 
"InternattoDBl 8io«k Food*' . It pays ua to feed it to our horses, it pays them to feed 
it to their horses andwepostively gnranteeit will pay you to feed it to jour 
horses and other stock. If it ever fails the use of "international Stock Food" 
will not cost you a cent as it is always sold by over One Hundred Thonand Deal- 
erBona"Spot Cosh Guarantee". Itwillpayyou totestit- If not for sale in 
your locality write direct to us and your letter will have prompt attention. 
•S"Whenin this locality, Mr. Savagespeclally invites you to visit "International 
Stotk Food" farm, and the freedom of the farm is yours at any season of the 
year. We want you to compare the different families that we are breeding 
and to pfersonallyseethe reeaits of feeding "International Stock Food." A large 
number of men are constantly in attendance at the farm and you will be shown 
every courtesy in looking over the farm and examining the horses. We never 
advertiseanythingbut what wecaa show you with pleasure. 

Our Elegantly Illustrated Farm Catalogue. 

We have just published a very hundsome illustrated Catalogue of our farm 
and horses. We believe this to be the most attractive catalogue of this kind 
ever published- It is printed on heavy enamel paper, elegant colored cover 
andcontains80pages9by 12insize. It gives a correct history of the racing life 
of each of the Four Champion Stallions with name of track and date where 
every important race was held. This matter is written in alhriJhng style that 
appeals to every horse owner or lover of a horse. This Catalogue contains so 
much horse history that every horse lover should have one. It not only gives 
this history but it also contains many very beautiful half-tone pictures of these 
world Champion Stallions, bmod mares, colts and general views of farm, 
riverand valley. This book would grace the library of any man. |^"We cannot 
afford to mail this beautiful book free to the several hundred thousand farmers 
and stock breeders who will want it for reference. However we have decided 
that we will mail one copy free to anyone who write* us and enclnHes 36 cents 
in stnmps for postage, etc. If ynu would like a copy be sore and write at once 
and the Catalogue will be mailed promptly. First thousand cost us $1.75 eaoh. 


We have a Benutiful Six Color Picture of our Champion Pacer. Dan Patch 
l:55H.size 16 by 24. Free of advertising, fine picture for framing, gives all the 
records made by the pacing wonder. We will mail you one free, postage pre- 
paid, if you write us how much stock you own and name this paper. Write to 

INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD CO., Minneapolis, Minn., D. S. A- 

and were so narrow that they did not 
develop and cure out so well as the 
others, and hardly gave sufficient room 
for the development of the germ. 

The corn judging contest inaugu- 
rated at Purcellville could be copied 
by all our institutes with advantages 
and profit. It is a pleasure to meet 
with farmers as industrious, enterpris- 
ing and progressive as those who re- 
side in the section of the State men- 
tioned, and is the best evidence that 
our people are thoroughly alive to the 
situation, putting their shoulders to 
the wheel and moving steadily for- 
ward along all agricultural lines. 


Va. Expt. Station. Director. 

Wood Co., W. Va., Dec. 19, 1905. 

I value the Southern Planter very 

highly. It is one of the very best 

agricultural papers I have ever read. 



20 Head Pure-Bred and Registered. 




PIERSON BROS., Summit, Spotsylvania Co., Va, 

The Delaware Herd of 


fs not surpassed either In breeding or Individual animals 
by any herd in the East. At the head of our herd Is 


the son of the great J9.100 Prince I to. Females of 
equally choice breeding. Write your wants remember, 
we take personal care of our cattle: keep no high priced 
help; incur no expense of exhibiting; all of which enablea 
us to offer stock at equitable prices. Send for pamphlet. 

M"VER «» SON. Prop. D rldg.-ville. D«I 




Editor Southern Planter: 

How ofen we hear the expression, 
"There's nothing in a name," and that 
"A rose by any other name would 
smell as sweet," etc., etc.; and yet — 
and yet, we may not forget, that in 
many cases conditions and circum- 
stances, there is a plentiful sufficiency 
in many names. 

There is a significance about some 
names — a malignance, we may prop- 
erly term it, which is actually appall- 
ing when we consider it carefully and 

To illustrate, take tor example, the 
word devil. There is something in 
the very shape, or size, or sound, or 
appearance of the word, which 
once sends cold chills to playing tag 
up and down our spinal column, es- 
pecially if we have been doing any- 
thing bad — a "condition and not a the- 
ory, which confronts the most of us." 
Let us, just out of curiosity or 
amusement, make an effort to exter- 
minate the "critter" by cutting his 
head off; by decapitatiing him; by 
cutting off the "d" and see what we 
have left. 

We see that we have evil left. Pro- 
nounce it slowly and we have Eve- 
Ill, and it Adam told the truth, it was 
through Eve came all the "ills" to 
which flesh is heir — "The woman, she 
did it," so he said. 

Apply the pruning knife and cut off 
another letter, and we have "vil" left; 
which, pronounced with the short 
sound of "i," makes the back-bone — 
the framework — the principle part of 
"villian." If we give it the long 
sound of "i," it is still "vile" and bad. 
Getting desperate we detach another 
letter, and we have "11" and that re- 
minds us of disease, doctors and 
death. Finally we make a last effort 
and cut the word down to its final 
letter "1," and when we get an Eng- 
lish cousin to pronounce the letter 
"1" we have the whole thing in a 
nut shell. 

The word from start to finish is con- 
sisently, perslstenly and insistently 
bad. No matter how much you chop 
it up, it is like the "Star Spangled 
Banner," — "it is still there." 

From this we learn two things. 
One is that there seems to be some- 
thing in some names; the other is that 
it is very, very hard to curtail the 
devil, or behead him, or rout him; 
because, after being beheaded four 
his frequent decapitation, 
letter apparently none the worse for 
has frequent decapitation. 

Norfolk, Va. 

Verefom Cattle ami BerRsniie Hoys 

Our Herefords are the Cream of the best Herds in this country 
REX PREMIER our Herd Bull is perfect in conformation. He won first 
at Mo. State Fair, Hamlin, Minn., Kansas City Royal, Lexington, Ky., 
Lawrenceburg, Ky. and Shelbyville. Ky. His sire was the first Bull ever 
defeated Dale and was Grand Champion tor two years. Our Hereford 
Matrons are by such noted Bulls as Marchon Beau Donald, etc. Young 
stock for sale. Also a few choice cows. 

In Berkshires we observe the same rule always the best. eW are 
constantly adding new Blood. Our present Herd oBard are two noted 
eKntucky hogs, Royal aBchelor and Reality Duke, both won first where- 
ever shown at Ky. Fairs. Either one will tip the scales at 800 lbs. in 
good condition. Several of our aged sows will do the same. Among the 
latter are severay Sweepstakes Wi nners. Pigs, etc., for sale at all times 
at reasonable prices. All statements and representations guaranteed. 



Editor Southern Planter: 

I have just read the resources of 
Virginia, by Andrew M. Soule, in the 
Southern Planter; and think the State 
Legislature of Virginia would do well 
to issue a publication of this kind for 
free distribution and send it out 


Owned by S. W. Anderaon, Blakei MlUa, Qreen- 
brier county, W. Va. 

A choice lot of BOLLS, COWS, and HEIFKR8 
for sale. Also a few iPOLLED HEREFORD 
BULLS recorded In the National Polled Here- 
ford Records. Write for catalogue and prlcei. 
Farm near Alderson, W. Va., on the C. & O. E. R. 
Telegraph and Telephone office, Alderson 
\V. Va. 




EDWARD G. BUTLER, fi'^'^V,''''" 

Berryville, Va. 

Best English and American strain 

"We Wish You a Prosperous New Year." 

By investing In a Hereford Bull calf, you will certainly become 
pri Bperous. !> calves rauKlng in sue from 7 to 14 mos. and In 
weiKbt fiom fiOu to )2(0 lbs. lor sale n<i\v. Finest breeding— 
bigKest growth. Notice the ages and weifibts. k. b-r -^ 

Cross a Hereford on "any old cow," and the result l8 a red, 
white fated cull— the Hereford trade mark on eveiy one. 

Calves can be shipped f^outh now with perfect safety. 

Best and largest herd in the State— best equipped plant. 

Write us a letter now and send for catalogue.^ 

ROSEMONT FARM, Berryville, Clarke Co,. Va. 



Sold to settle Estate, 

H. ARMSTRONQ, Lantz Mills, Va. 


Lt.»,S.»-S.g^»-»-S,»- <■»-■. ^■■-■-»-S.g.»-S.»-»-».--^t.--^.»-»-»-»---^^»-» ■-»-■-■- »-»-»-»-»-^S.».».S.S.'.S.».'.»-».--»-'^ 


The Property of WESTMORELAND DAVIS, Esq. 

Large White Yorkshires. 

LARGE WHITE YORKSHIRE PIGS from prize winning families for sale. Herd 
headed by imported boar, "Holywell Huddersfield" No. 4 .50 (A. Y. C), second prize 
at Yorkshire Show, England 1904. These pigs are the English Bacon breed : they are 
prolific breeders, economical feeders, and hardy of constitution. During the month of 
August the two farrowing sows, imported Sweetest Polly (A. Y. C.) , gave birth to 17 
pigs, and the sow imported Holywell Empress (A. Y. C.) , gave birth to 14 pigs, and 
in December 1905, Holywell Czarina, 20th. farrowed 17 pigs. Orders will now be re- 
ceived for boars and sows from some of these and similar litters. 

Reg. Guernsey Cattle. 

REGISTERED GUERNSEYS^Herd headed by imported Top Notch, 9023 
(A. G. C. C ) , a son of Imported Itchen Beda advanced Reg. No. 136, assisted by Main- 
stays Glenwood Boy, 7607, A. G. C. C. (son of Jewell of Haddon), advanced Reg. No. 
92. This herd is rich in the blood of Mainstay, Rutila's Daughter, Imported Honoria 
(Guernsey Champion, first prize at St. Louis), the Glenwood, Imported May Rose and 
imported Masher families. Bulls only for sale. 

Dorset Horn Sheep. 

DORSET HORN SHEEP.— Flock headed by the Imported Ram, "Morven's Best," 
No. 413'2 (C. D. C.) ; first prize at the English Royal 1904. 
Orders now received for al born ram lambs. 

Flocks and herds may be viewed by appointment. 




tt , ^»t .. ., ...,..,.,...........^..|.....»...-'--.^-.-.».-.^-.-.t'.'.-.TS-.^-.^l-.\-.-.S.-.l\lS.S.1.'.'.\'.tT.^\'.SS5^ 




broadcast to all who would send tor 

Michigan and some of the North- 
western States, adopted this plan to 
attract emigration and succeeded in 
settling up their States. 
Northwest Canada is offering Induce- 
ments to imlgrants and making 
large inroads on our population, es- 
pecially from Ohio. Virginia can of- 
fer better inducements to farmers, 
mechants, mechanics and laborers, 
than any other State in the Union. 

WTiy not make the effort? 

Dayton, Ohio. R. W. HOOKE. 


Aluminum Stock Markers are adver- 
tized by the Wilcox & Harvey Manu- 
facturing Co. of Chicago. 

The Prussian Remedy Co. has a 
couple of ads. in this issue offering its 
Heave Powder and Distemper Cure. 

The Spangler Manufacturing Co. of- 
fers its York Improved Weeder again 
this season. 

The Consumers Carriage Mfg. Co. 
has an attractive ad. on the second 
cover page, to which we invite atten- 

The Nitrate of Soda Propaganda 
starts the season's advertising with 
this issue. Cotton planters can secure 
a small amount of nitrate of soda free 
of charge for experimental purposes. 

The Johnston Harvester Co. has sev. 
eral attractive advertisements in this 
issue, to which attention is invited. 

The Prairie State Incubator Co. has 
an announcement in another column, 
to which we refer you. 

The Elkhart Carriage & Harness 
Mfg. Co. are advertising their buggies 
and harness as usual this season. 

The Deming Co. invites inquiry into 
its Power Spraying outfit. Look up 
the ad. 

The International Stock Food Co. 
have two very prominent advertise- 
ments in this number, to which we 
ask particular attention. 

W. J. Jordan & Son will sell at 
auction all of their pure bred Per- 
cheron and French coach horses on 
March 7th. Look up the ad. 

The Miniborya Farm has a half page 
ad. in this issue, in which Holsteins, 
Jerseys and Berkshires are offered. 

Mr. J. Hobbs has a great offering 
of poultry, sheep and swine. 

Lee's Prepared Agricultural Lime is 
offered our readers as usual this 

The Quaker City W. M. & Pump Co. 
is offering the Lansing Silo, for which 
they are the Eastern agents. 

R. H. Deyo & Co. would like to cor- 
respond with parties wanting gaso- 
line engines. 

The WTiite Poultry Yards are offer- 
ing stock and eggs of all the white 
breeds of poultry. 

The Oakhill Farm will have a pub- 
lic sale of its dairy herd. You had 
better look up the ad. and write the 
proprietor about his offering. 




S are fresh and the remainder are due to calve iu the Spring. 
Also several head of 

Good Work Horses. 

Having discontinued my Dairy business, I will sell the 
above stock at Public Auction, at Oak Hill Farm, Oak Hill, 
Va., (station on the farm) D. & W. Ry., 15 miles west of 
Danville, Va., on 

THURSDAY, FEB'Y. 15th. 1906, 

Commencing at 11 A. M. Terms announced at the sale. 
OAK HILL FARM, Sam'l Hairston, Prop. 

Wenonda, Va. 


^ ^ '- "^ "^ '- "^ '-'-'-'-'-'- ^ ^ •■■ ^ '- "^ '-'- ' 

nrn|/QlJ|nrQ Young Boars. Sows to farrow February, and 

ULnilUninCUi March; Pigs, eingle, pairs and trios not akin. 
pi|rn|L|QrVQ several finejoungBuns and Heifers. Bargains 

UULnllULlUi atourprices. 

irnQri/Q Heifereln calf and some nice yearllngs. Better inquire 

JLIIULIOi about them. 

B. P. ROCKS. A fine lot of early hatched cockerels. 
GEESE, PEKIxM DUCKS, and a few Drakes and pairs of domes- 

Prices Low. 
n. B. ROWE & Co., - - Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

Edgewood Stock Farm. 


The first fruits of the flock arrived In October this year. We never took more palaa 
In mating and we mu6t have better ram lambs than ever before. As long as we de- 
serve your trade, we shall expect It. The Dorset Is coming right Into Its own la Vir- 
ginia. If you are In the lamb business you must have Dorset blood. We will book 
your orders right now tor Spring delivery. With best wishes for the breeders of the goldea 
hoof, > ItJSIncerely, 

H. B. ARBUCKLB. Greenbrier. Co., Maxwelton, W. V«. 

: : AND 


entitled to registration ; also bred Sows at reasonable prices. 

APPL7T0 J. c. GRAVES, Barboursville, Orange Co., Va 





TJ. S. Department of Agriculture. 
Washington, D. C. 21st Annual 
Report of the Bureau of Animal 

Every stock owner should ask his 
Senator or Congressman to send 
him a copy of this report. It is 
full of valuable information. 

Bureau of Animal Industry, Bull. 81. 
The milk supply of Boston, New 
York and Philadelphia. 

Bureau of Animal Industry, Cir. 89. 
Preparation of emulsions of crude 
petroleum as insecticides. 

Bureau of Chemistry, Bull. 91. Min- 
eral waters of the United States. 

Office of Experiment Stations. Ex- 
periment Station Record, Vol. XVII 
No. 4. 

Bureau of Entomology, Circular 67. 
The clover root borer. 

Forest Service, Circular 36. The 
Forest Service — what it is, and 
how it deals with forest problems. 

Bureau of Statistics, Bull 39. Meat 
in foreign markets. Tariff of 14 
Importing nations and countries of 

Farmers' Bull. 119. Experiment Sta- 
tion work. Storing apples without 
ice; cold storage on the farm; 
keeping qualities of apples, etc. 

Farmers' Bull. 237. Experiment Sta- 
tion Work, XXXII. Lime and 
clover; plant food requirements of 
fruit trees; cover crop for to- 
bacco fields, etc. 

Farmers' Bull. 225. Experiment Sta- 
tion work, XXIX. Fertilizer ma- 
chines; potato culture; cow pea 
seed; tomato growing, etc. 

Fanners' Bull. No. 239. The corro- 
sion of fence wire. 

- armers' Bull. 240. Inoculation of 

Farmers' Bull. 241. Butter making 
on the farm. 
Department of the Interior, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Nature study and gar- 
dening; primary methods and out- 
lines for the use of teachers in 
the Indian schools. 
Colorado Experiment Station, Fort 
Collins, Col. Bull. 106. Pruning 
fruit trees. 
Cornell Experiment Station, Ithaca, 
N. Y. Bull. 234. The Bronze Birch 

Bull. 235. Co-operative spraying ex- 
Kansas State Board of Agriculture, 
Topeka. Kas. Report for the quar- 
ter ending December, 1905. The 
Com Book. 
Kansas Experiment Station, Manhat- 
tan, Kas. Bull. 130. Steer feed- 
ing experiments. 

Bull. 131. Care of dairy utensils. 

Press Bull. 148. A troublesome par- 
asite of the horse. The palisade 
Maryland Agricultural College, College 
Park. Md.- College Quarterly. An- 
alysis of commercial feeding stuffs 
sold in Maryland. 
New Hampshire Experiment Station. 


We have for immediate Sale bull calves aiied by 
Forfarshire, Marrett's Flying Fox, and Flying Fox's Rex, 

three of the best Imported Jersey Bulls in America. Also several magnificiently 
bred Heifers of the Golden Lad and St. Lambert type. Prices reasonable. 


According to Geo. F. Weston, THE BEST BOAR THAT COULD BE FOUND IN 
ENGLAND by Biltmore Farms— heads our herd. He sold for $615.00 and weighs 
1100 pounds in show condition. 


la among our Imported brood sows. THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN pronounced 
Manager of Filston Faims, Maryland, writes that she is "The best Imported 
Berkshire saw in America." 

If you want a great brood sow or boar, let us book your order for February 
pigs of above mating. 

MONTVIEW STOCK FARM, (Carter Glass, Owner). 


R. r. D. No. 2, Biltmore. N. C. 



Also young Berkshire Boars and Sows 

of the best conformation and breeding for sale at all times. 
Write for circulars and price lists. Bargains, 


R. F. D. No 2, Biltmore, N. C 


Offer at j-easonable prices : 


aged 8 and 11 months. Cows fresh to paiL 

Full Blood B E R KS H I R ES f^m Royal Blood. 

W. B. GATES, Prop. - - - Rice Dep. Prince Edward County, Virginia. 


A choice lot of young stock for sale; some young bulls ready for service 
and bull calves sired by DEKOL 2D, BUTTER BOY, 3D, No. 2, and SIR PAULINE 
CRADDOCK, whose breeding and individuality are unsurpassed. 

Also a nice lot of BERKSHIRE PIGS, Biltmore and Filston strains. 

Before buying, write u« what you want. FASSITT BPOS.. Sylmar, Md 

YORK rmprovedWeeder 

market for gettiug ri.l of weeds wi 
advaDlageofeOiciency aadei 
steel teeth, rouud pointji, na 
^^ealt. No clogging. Frame 

ingcrops. It ha:( e 
,-, „..>ders-SquiireSi 
if gre:it flexibility and » 

*"""n°che^'''° "'"'"to'"'-V:r':;; "rrcec'.wlog'ie.""''"' ' 

'^SPANGLe'r MFG. CO., 504 N. QuEEii St., York. P«. 




Farmers and Live Stock Dealers 

If you have any kind of Live stock to sell send it to me — Cattle, Sheep, 
Lambs, Calves or Hogs. I guarantee highest market value according 
to quality. Sales made quickly and returns promptly. Strict personal 
attention given to the sale of every animal. I pay just as much atten- 
tion to a single head as I do to car lots. Write me when you wish to 
know the market on anything in my line. I give accurate infor- 
mation as to prices and conditions of our market. 

ROBERT C. BRAUER, Richmond, Va. 


Address: P. O- BOX 204. Pens and Offices.' Union Stock Yards. Long Distance Phone. Pliones Nos. 993 
• nd 5059: 

Durham, N. H. Bull. 120. The 
dairy Industry in New Hampshire. 

North Carolina Department of Agri- 
culture, Raleigh, N. C. Progress 
made in exterminating the fever 
tick in North Carolina. 

North Carolina Pest Crop Commn., 
Raleigh, N. C. Requirements of 
the different States regarding the 
importation of nursery stock. 
North Carolina Nurseries licensed for 
year from Sept. 1, 1905, to Sept. 
1, 1906. 

North Carolina Department of Agri- 
culture, Raleigh, N. C. Division of 
Entomology. The cotton worm. 

Ohio Experiment Station, Wooster, O. 
Bull. 166. The newer strawber- 
Circular 47. Department of Co-op- 
erative Experiments. 

Pennsylvania Expt. Station, State Col- 
lege, Pa. Bull. 74. Methods of 
steer feeding. 

Rhode Island Expt. Station, Kingston, 
R. I. Bull. 109. A comparison of 
the results obtained by the meth- 
ods of cultures in paraffined wire 
pots with field results in the samd 
Bull. 110. Commercial fertilizer. 

"Wyoming Expt. Station, Laramie, 
Wyo. Bull. 67. Duty of water. 
Bull. 68. Ration experiments with 
lambs, 1904-190.';. 

Virginia Weather Service, Richmond. 
Va. Report for December, 1905. 

Imperial Department of Agriculture 
for the West Indies, Barbadoes, 
W. I. Cultivation and curing of 


We are in receipt of the 1906 Cata- 
logue (No. 12) of the American Saw- 
Mill Machinery Co. of Hackettstown, 
N. J.,and New York City. This cata- 
logue is a complete book on the saw- 
mill machinery line and all interested 
should certainly send for It. 

Look up their advertisement on an- 
other page and mention the Southern 
Planter when writing them. 

Mention The Southern Planter when 
"Writing adTcrtlsers. 

JM Grove Stock Farm 

Holstein=Friesian Bulls. 

Two 2 years old 
One 1 year old 
Four 6 mos. old 

Will sell them cheap to make room for others. 

Prices includes registry and transfer to buyer. 

T. O. SANDY, Prop. Burkeville, Va. 



Aberdeen Angus Cattle. 

Several of our friends failed last year to order bulls until after the close of th« 
quarantine, and consequently were disappointed In not being able to get what tbey 
wanted. To save this trouble NEXT SPRING send your order NOW with BANK REF- 
ERENCE and I will ship your bull, you to pay for Jilm when ready to use him next 
spring. This has been the best year In the history of the Sunny Home Herd. Cattle 
better than ever, and soles to match. 

Send on your orders, we are ready for you. 

Address: A. L. FRENCH. Propr., R. F. D. Byrdvllle, Va. SUtlon Fitzgerald, N. C. 
on D. and W. Ry. 


The most prolific and profitable bleed Boars fit for service. Sows and gilts in 
farrow, and weanling pigs for sale. 


Bulls and Heifers fr< m rows testing 18 to 23 lbs of butter in seven days. Th» 
$10.00 hul' Eminent :uul Rioter of St. Lambert, Jr., at the head of the herd. 

LNDiainTga^me^fowls, ~" 

the best table fowl. 

the best layers. 

Prices Reasonbie. 

Address, BOWMONT FARMS, Salem, Va* 



i The Property of J. SCOTT PARRISH. % 


I We Have Some CHOICE BULL CALVES For Sale. I 

% QUEEN," which has milked 2652 lbs. in the last 75 days. This calf was di-opped October '^ 
J 31, 1905. 5 


k We have some very nice ones sired by "Noble General Gordon." '^ 


%i That are winners in the best company. % 



k ^ 



WEDNESDAY, flARCH 7th. 1906. 

The senior member of our firm having sold his farm, it will be necessary for us to dispose 
of our Horses consisting of 

1 5 Pure-bred PERCHERONS, including Stallions from i to 
6 years old, mares in foal and fillies; 7 pure-bred FRENCH 
COACH fillies, mares and Stallions, also some good grade mares 
and geldings. 

The above are the pick of all we have bred for years and will be sold under a guarantee 
as to their soundness. Remember, that these horses are all home-bred, thoroughly acclimated, 
perfectly broken and are good work horses in good condition, and fit for service. 

TERMS : Every animal goes to the highest bidder on satisfactory terms : Will give 1 to 
3 years time if purchaser desires it. 


W. J. JORDAN & SON, - - Dublin, Pulaski County, Virginia. 





Everythfaj; Shipped on Approval. 

All of our pigs old enough to ship are sold, and we are bow booking 
orders for Jan. and Feb. delivery, for pigs sired by our two great boars. 
BILTMORE, No. 79379, and out of sows weighing from 500 to 600 lbs. each. 
In only fair breeding condition. LUSTRE'S CARLISLE was 2 years old oa 
June 4th, weighs 730 lbs. and is as aetlve as a 6 months old pig. 
He Is sired by ROYAL CARL ISLE No. 68313, dam TOPPER'S LU8TRB. 
No. 54923. MASTER LEE waal year old on June 6th and now weighs 
525 lbs. He Is sired by LOYAL LEE 2ND, OF BILTMORE, Ns. 
AL LEE 2ND Is undoubtedly the champion Berkshire boar tt 
the world having more prizes to his credit than any other boar llvlni 
HUNTRESS, No. 6S178, who has an unbroken record of first prize at all 
the leading English shows, with one exception, and then being defeated by 
her daughter DANESFIELD MISTRESS. We consider MASTER LEE ons 
of the greatest young sires In America, and expect to prove It In the show 
rings next fall. In order to show our confidence In what we offer and In- 
sure satisfaction to our customers, we will ship pigs ON APPROVAL, and 
If they are not entirely satisfactory In every respect, you can return them 
at OUR EXPENSE. In other words you can see the pigs before you buy. 
Can always furnish pigs not akin. We are offering a few choice gilts bred 
to MASTER LEE for April farrow. For full particulars. Address, WOOD- 
SIDE STOCK FARM. R. S. Farish, Prop., CharlottesTllle, Va. 


The Midland Publishing Co., of St. 
Louis, Mo., has just issued the Third 
Annual Edition of the Implement Blue 
Book, a complete and accurately com- 
piled directory of agricultural imple- 
ments and machines, showing in de- 
tail the goods of every manufacturer 
In the United States and Canada, sup- 
plemented by a full list of jobbing 
and branch houses at all the princi- 
pal distributing points. The Blue Book 
for 1906 contains 448 pages, 6x9 in., 
handsomely bound in blue cloth, blue 
embossed, and was published for the 
exclusive use and benefit of dealers in 
agricultural implements with whom it 
Is the standard of the world. The 
company has on hand a few hundred 
copies which it is sending out on re- 
ceipt of 20 cents to pay for packing 
and postage. 


"An apple a day keeps the doctor 
away," runs the proverb. It might 
truthfully add that it also helps might- 
ily to keep the devil away. Fruit eaters 
are rarely or never drunkards or cig- 
arette slaves. To raise boys and girls 
to be fruit eaters, it is only necessary 
to provide the fruit. An orchard is an 
absolutely essential part of every 
home worthy of the sacred name home 
and it should be a good orchard. They 
cost no more than bad ones. It 
should afford peaches six months In 
the year; berries of different kinds for 
two. Grapes and figs for three plums 
and cherries for two. and apples and 
pears for twelve, all first class. The 
Continental Plant Company of Kittrell, 
N. C, makes a specialty of furnishing 
trees and plants that afford an all 
the year round supply of fruit. They 
sell direct to the people at wholesole 
rates. Their catalogue is free and now 

We invite attention to the usual 
announcement of the Biltmore Farms, 
to be found in this issue. They have 
splendid offerings in all their depart- 
ments, and those Interested in fine 
Jerseys, Berkshires, or Standard Poul- 
try should send for their latest circu- 


(World's Fair Winner), Imp. ELMA CLERK. 
Ist, Imp. SIR JOHN BULL 2nd, and a host of 
others. Including the now fashionable 
PREMIER blood which swept the blue rib- 
bons at the World's Fair, at St. Louis. I 
refer you to Mr. F. S. Springer, Secy. Am. 
Berk. Assn. Springfield, III., as to whether 
I own the above strains and fully 20 more. 
All sizes and sexes for sale cheap. TOWELS 
ROCK. S. C. B LEGHORN Cockerels. PIT 
GAME Pullets and hens. THOS. S. WHITE. 
Fasslfern Stock & Poultry Farm, Lexington, 



Has for sale a few 


Ready for service ; also several 

Gilts of Superior Breeding 

PIGS iu Pairs and Trios. 



breed and ship the very best strains 
of thorough hred registered LARGE 
Hogs for LEsS MONLV than any 
other firm in the U. 8., the superior- 
ity of our stock considered. Send 
us your order and we will satisfy yoa 
both in price and stock. 
Proprietor o( the Bridle Creek Stock Farm. Warrenton. N. C. 


FINE BC^^n PIGS for sale at low prices, 
considering their breeding; all sired by Thos. 
S. White's great Boar, UNCLE SA.M. and out 
of LADY WELSH II, a magnlflclent young 

REG. DORSET RAM, Tranquility 10567, 
welKht. 200 lbs.; sell to avoid Inbreeding; 
A sure sire of fine lambs.— BLOOMFIELD 
STOCK FAR.M, J. H. ERASER, Prop., Car- 
tersvlUe, Cumb. Co., Va. 





We could scarcely have gotten along 
this season in opening up a large 
ranch to irrigation cultivation without 
the use of a farm level, the cost ot 
which is $10, but which we are satis- 
fied has saved us hundreds of dollars 
through the additional land brought 
under ditch by it. In one instance we 
found by running some preliminary 
levels that we were enabled to bring fif- 
teen acres ot fine bench land under-ditch 
which we supposed by cursory glance 
of the eye was so far above the water 
grade as to remain forever High and 
dry. This patch is now in full bloom 
with a good crop of spuds coming on 
and we consider ourselves just that 
much ahead of the game. Quite a num- 
ber of these instruments have been 
sold in Colorado this year and others 
will be wanted when their merits are 
better known. They are manufactured 
by the Rostrom-Brady Company of At- 
lanta, Georgia, a perfectly reliable con- 
cern which will express a farm level 
upon receipt ot $10. 


Editor* Southern Planter: 

Five years ago I moved to a farm 
in this (Charlotte) county. I didn't 
know when, where nor how to plant 
anything (having been raised in a 
small town). A neighbor sent me sev- 
eral copies of the Southern Planter, to 
which I subscribed at once, and now 
I am told, my name is in an agricultur- 
al journal as a successful (woman) 
farmer, thanks to Southern Planter. 
I have long since realized I can not 
farm without it. There is only one 
thing it needs, a regular want column. 
The Planter aims to help farmers in 
every way, and I believe a want col- 
umn would be an improvement. The 
wants now are put with the adver- 
tisements, and not seen as quickly as 
if in a regular want column. I en- 
close a list of farmers to whom you 
might send sample copies. I believe 
a number of them would only have 
to see and read one copy before they 
would subscribe. Respectfully, 


We are advised by Mr. John E. 
Heatwole, of Harrisonburg, Va., that 
his new poultry book for this year 
is now ready for distribution. Inter- 
ested parties are requested to look up 
his advertisement and send for the 

There is no Money in Raising Hogs 

If you run the risk losing your herd by disease. 

if you get them safely to market. 

It is a preventive, and a cure. It makes bttter pork; it saves feed and brings 
the animal to maturity in less time. It Makes the f ked Stick to thk Kibs. 
Insur.-ncb Pkoposition. rR.';Jos. Haas Will I^fUEK Youk Hcgs against dipeese 
AND PAY FOR ALL THAT DIE, if his Remedy is used according to direcucns. V\ nte 
for particulars. 

Dr. Jos. Haas' Revised "Hcgology" free to readers of this paper, wiite today. 

Prices of Dr. Jos. Haas' Hog Remedy: 25 lb. can $12 50, half can (12i lbs.), 
16.50, prepaid; Packages. $2.f0, $1.25 and EO cents each. Note genuine without 
my signature on package or can label. 



Its Record is 30 years of unexampled^ 











':i^ Mammoth Bronze Turkeys, Barred Plymouth 
^ Rock Chickens and Muscovy Wild Ducks. 


'i*. The above stock is of the best breeding. 
5 For prices, etc., address, 

2 HENRY S. BOWEN, _ Wittens Mills, Tazewell Co.. Va. 


I have a limited number of Pigs by 
my fine Boars, Gray's Big Chief, 57077 GKAY'b BIG CHIEF. 57077 

and Victor G. 57075, and can furnish pairs not akin or related to those previously 
purchased. Young Boars and Sows of all ages. Send to headquarters and get the 
best from the oldest and largest herd of Poland-Chinas in this State at one-half 
Western prices. Address J. B. QRAY, Fredericksburg, Va. 


PIGS, BO 4 RS and BRED SOWS for sale at greatly reduced prlc«s. H«rd Boars now In serTJeeare 
D'S (TORKECTOK. 98157, a superb inrllvidual. bred by WlnnA Manlr, or Kansas, and a h .Ifbvoiher 
to the Senior C'h«mplon Boar at the St. Lonis *orldsFalr. Half Inte-estm the sire of D'.S COR- 
RECT >RsaM for #2,50-1. Mv other herd boar, «IG .lUMBO. Vfil 27, O. H. C. R., was sired by the 1100 
lb. hog, PKRFKCr I AM, 50767, and out of the 710 lb. sow, HDY P. SANDERS, 79' 40. BIG JUMBO 
was bred by W. s. Powell. ofKanoas, .and will t believe, make a thousand pound hog at roatulty. 


J. F. DURRETTE, Birdwood, Albemarle County, Virginia. 





The annual meeting of this society 
was held on the 23rd and 24th of 
January, in the hall of Murphy's Hotel, 
Richmond. There was a full attend- 
ance of members and others interested 
In fruit growing and great interest was 
evidenced in the proceedings. A fine 
exhibit of apples was made. Amon: 
those exhibiting being Geo. E. Murrell, 
who won the Emerson Cup, with a 
magnificient display; Mr. Jas. Dickie, 
who took many premiums; Senator S. 
L. Lupton, G. B. Adkins, Mr. Barn- 
hart and Mr. .1. H. Rangeley. Pres- 
ident S. B. Woods, of Charlottesville, 
called the meeting to order and was 
followed by Mayor McCarthy, of Rich- 
mond, who welcomed the society to 
the city. Dr. J. ' H. Guerrant re- 
sponded for the society. The pres- 
ident then delivered his annual ad- 
dress in which he referred to the need 
of cooperation amongst the fruit 
growers in orders that they should 
secure fair prices for their products. 
He also discussed the importance of 
the use of the best means of destroy- 
ing and combatting insect and fungoid 
diseases in order to ensure perfect 
fruit, and strongly urged that atten- 
tion should be given to the question of 
making a complete and large exhibit 
of the fruits of the State at the 
Jamestown Exposition, so as to thor- 
oughly advertise the capabilities of 
the State as a fruit growing section. 
President Woods then introduced 
Governor Montague who made an ex- 
cellent address in which he laid stress 
upon the success attained by Virginia 
fruit at the St. Louis Exposition, and 
to the advantage this had been to the 
State in inducing settlers to come 
here. He pointed out the need for 
good immigrants to settle up the waste 
lands of the State and pleaded for help 
in securing this especially as a means 
for meeting the need of more and bet- 
ter labor in the country. Good roads 
also, he said were a necessity for the 
State, and urged that money be ap- 
propriated for this purpose, as an in- 
vestment rather than an appropria- 
tion. Professor Waite. of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Washington, read 
a valuable paper on "Spraying for 
bitter rot and other funeoid diseases,' 
illustrated by lantern slides. The dis- 
cussion on the paner was lively and 
very instructive. The question of the 
place for holding the annunl meeting 
next year caused a long discussion, 
as many places put in requests for the 
same. It finallv resolved itself into a 
fight between Richmond and Staunton 
and Richmond won. At the nisht ses- 
sion the report of Prof. Phillips, the 
State entomologist and horticulturist 
of the Experiment Station, took up 
most of the time. He discussed the 
work done by himself and the Experi- 
ment Station, in dealing with preven- 
tives and remedies for San .lose scale, 
Crown gall and the fungoid diseases 
nnd much discussion followed. Secy. 



last longer than others for the same reason that slate 
roofs shingles — tluy' re~much better to stjrt 
■icith. There's no economy in buying a "cheap" 
fence that is worthless after five winters when you 
can get the "Jones" that will 

Wear 20 to 30 Years. 

Big coiled spring ■«ires ; heavy stays ; locks that do 
not slip ; good galvanizing. Easily put up to stay. 
Our Catalog No. 8 will help you decide what to buy 
— contains practical fence pointers. Sent free upon 


698 Buttles Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

liy*'"Tililillll*'' iV'l' ' " Agents Vfaated— Hustlers can mahe honest money 

V)imm^flMtm,k^": -'l"'^"^"n^^"P>-^sa.ui,ates. 


In general use many years. Is guaranteed 
(O work and give satisfaction, all sales made 
on that basis. It saves time and annoyance 
Adds to value, and good appearance of a home 
and is a good advertisement for any up-to-date 
prosperous place. Catalogue MANLOVE GATE 
CO.. 272 Huron Street, Chicago, 111. 

Double-Strength Fences 

PAGE FENCE is the strongest fence. Every horizon- 
tal bar is a double-strength wire ; is securely woven 
with large, continuous cross-bars, and the whole fabric 
heavily galvanized. It stands the severest use and 
abuse. Runaway teams cannot go through, neither 
does a falling tree break it. Write for evidence. 
PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO., Box 516, Adrian, Mich. 

Wlien corresponding with our advertisers always mention the 





S. L. Lupton, spoke on "Transportation 
and Marketing," remarking tliat fruit 
growers were much to blame that they 
made no preparation for meeting these 
questions, but left themselves almost 
wholly in the hands of the buyers and 
then complained when they thought 
they had not been accorded the best 
terms possible. 

A resolution was passed directing 
the chairman to appoint a committee 
of five to take in hand the work of 
preparing an exhibit of the fruit of 
the State at the Jamestown Exposi- 
tion. The second day of the meeting 
was largely taken up by discussion on 
the need of better educational facil- 
ities being afforded the farmers and 
fruit growers at the Agricultural Col- 
lege, in order that the young men of 
the State should be fully equipped to 
deal with the complex problems in- 
volved in successful farming and fruit 
growing. Prof. Soule, Director of the 
Experiment Station, made a strong ap- 
peal for financial support to the col- 
lege and station in order that the 
buildings and equipment needed be at 
once supplied. He pointed out that they 
had already there about 100 agricul- 
tural and horticultural students with 
no place in which to properly instruct 
them, and were without the necessary 
scientific apparatus to demonstrate 
what they taught. He pleaded strong- 
ly for an appropriation of $50,000 to 
complete the building of the agricul- 
tural hall and ?25,000 to equip the 
same, and for an annual grant 
of $10,000 to the Experiment Station. 
With this equipment he did not hesi- 
tate to say that the material advance- 
ment of the State would be marvellous 
in a few years time as the young men 
sent out from the college would show 
how capable her lands were of success- 
ful and profitable culture. Dr. S. A. 
Robinson, a retired New York physi- 
cian, who has a fine estate and orchard 
at Covesville, Albemarle Co., fol- 
lowed Prof. Soule with a strong plea 
for more liberal support by the State 
of its Asricultural College and Experi- 
ment Station, and compared the nig- 
gardly assistance given here with the 
liberal way in which Northern and 
Western States helped the Agricultural 
Institutions of those States. He de- 
clared that his experience here had 
convinced him, that with proper help 
in educating the young men and mak- 
ing known the natural resources of the 
State. Virsinia would soon take the 
highest rank in the States in fruit 
agricultural and live stock production. 
Resolutions were passed commending 
the work of the Virginia Agricultural 
College and Experiment Station and 
urging the State Legislature to appro- 
priate J75.noo to complete and equip 
the agricultural building and $10,000 
per year as additional help for the ex- 
tension of the work of the experiment 

The election of officers resulted as 
follows: Saml. B. Woods. Charlottes- 
Tille. president: S. L. Lunton, Win- 
chester, secretary; H. L. Price, record- 
ing secretary. 



- American fence is a structure of hard, stiff steel wires, 
possessing great strength and flexibility, adjustable to uneven 
ground, sound, durable and guaranteed. Great improvements 
are continually being made over the fences of years ago See 
the modem, up-to-date American fence, built of big, lateral 
wires, with heavy upright or stay wires hinged — the most 
perfect structure for a square mesh fence. 

The thirty plants of the American Steel & Wire Co. make 
every known grade of wire, from the stiffest wire for pianos 
to a wire almost as soft as silk for weaving into wire cloth. 
With these enormous facilities for manufacture and observa- 
tion of the action of wire in all kinds of service, not only is 
the best wire made for the use required of it, but for less money. 

It is Steel that makes possible the great modern structure like 
bridges, skyscrapers, locomotives and steamships that people confidently 
trust. Steel for wire is specially made and becomes stronger and more 
durable by drawing into wire and annealing. And when thoroughly 
galvanized by lately improved processes and wo yen into American fence, 
makes the most substantial structure about a farm. Properly put up and 
treated, it is a permanent and money-making investment for many years. 

We sell through dealers all over the country. In this way the buyers' 
interests are best looked after Dealer then becomes your business friend and 
he will see that you are treated right See him, examine different styles, get 
catalogue and make selection to suit your requirements. Or, write us direct 
and we will send catalogue and tell you where you can get the fence. 

NOT EXPENSIVE — Prices range from about 17 cents a 
rod up, according to height, style and location of your place. 

American Steel & Wire Co. 


Syracuse Chilled Plow.] 

Syracuse Chilled Plow Co,j Syracuse, n.y. 





This is the day of scientilic farming and of scientific farm tools. Half the success of 
farming depends upon the preparation of the ground for the seed. No tool pre- 
pares the ground better than a lohnston Disk Harrow. It is a necessary tool for 
the progressive farmer— often takes the place of the plow. It turns, breaks up and 
thoroughly pulverizes the soil, and makes a tine bed for the seed. Try it on your 
cornlandandonyoursod. Manyimprovementshavebeenadded toit, whichreduce 

the dr.ift. increase the strength, simplify and make it more effective, more convenient to operate. No harrow like the 
Johnston Disk Harrow-thorouchly well built for good work and long life. We have a folder that describes, its con- 
struction and tells about the Anti-friction Center Bumpers, Wood Bc.irings, Pressed Meel Weight Bo.xes. special bteel 
Disks. Steel Scrapers, the New Draft Standard, Set-over Pole for three horses, etc. Harrow is made in widths from 4 
to 25-ft. cut. with solid disks. 16. 18 or 20 in. and cut-out disks, 16 and IS in., also with center-cut. and disk dnll and seeder 
attachments. A handy toolever>' farmerneeds. Our Continental Harrow Folder gives full information Our iauo catalog 
describes the complete Johnston line of "Not in the Trust" tools for the farm. Ask for both, Wntetoday. they are free, 


One of the surest signs of presperity 
of a community is tlie condition of its 

Particularly is this true of the 
fences used to enclose house yards, 
both on the farm and in our villages 
and towns. 

This is doubtless partially due to 
the remarkable cheapening of the cost 
of producing that class of enclosures 
known as lawn fencing, and this other 
fact that a great deal of this material 
is now sold direct from the maker to 
the user at factory prices. 

One such maker is our advertiser, 
the Ward Fence Co., of Portland, Ind. 
They make a great variety of patterns 
at prices to suit everyone. All these 
are fully shown in their fine catalogue 
one of which they will gladly mail to 
any reader of this paper. Address 
Ward Fence Co., Box R, Portland, Ind. 
and mention this paper. 

The Imboden Harrow & Roller Co. 
of Cleona, Pa., are advertising what 
strikes us as being a very sensible 
tool in the shape of a roller and har- 
row combined. This firm will be very 
pleased to send circulars and prices to 
any one inquiring. You will find their 
advertisement in this Issue, 

A Beautiful Calendar. 

We tiavo recelvoij a beautiful calendar 
13)4X30 inches, showing a lovely giri with 
dark wavy hair, dressed In a fiushionable 
lavenflar dress, Btanding under a large 
tree, filled with apple blossonia. In the 
buck -ground there la u. very large, old co- 
lonial mansion, which reminds us o( ante- 
helium days. lietween the tree and the 
house there Is a green lawn with tlowers 
and othergrowlng shnibberv. A driveway 
winds through the lawn up to the mansion. 
Tlie calendar has .-vt the bottom a pad with 
the months thereon, and each month has 
timely suggestions to farmers. 

Any of our readers may obtain a copy of 
this calendar bv sending C cents In stan'ips, 
to pay the cost of tubing and posUige, to 
the Virginia-Carolina Chemical Co,, at any 
one of the following cities where their Sales 
Ofllces are located: Atlanta, Savannah, 
(xii,,, Montgomery, Ala., Memphis, Tenn,, 
Durham, N, C, Charleston. 8. C, Shrevo- 
port. La.. Nortoli^ UlcbiDoud, Va., Balti- 
more, Md. 

oned lumber. We s 
: Into machines 
after tlie hrst hatch. The 

arc built for service and itsc year after year. We put a good, linnest weicht of 
copper into our boilers and tanks. Our doors fit and close tiulitly. Our regulator 
reyulates.^ Our lamps burn clear and lirinlitly. When you get the Victor you get the 

buylnjj trouble. Write t'ojay. GEO. ERTEL CO., Quincy, III. 

We pay freight and 
:sented or moiieyrefunded. 

EstabUsbed 1867. 

Mrs. Lowry tells the way 

She made $223.^^ on Chickens 

SUEK Hatch Incubator Co., 

01 iiy Center. Nebr. 
Gentlomen:— I own two of jour 100 egg 
tnachint-n. Have had pood Hiicrc^u. 

I raised 67-i chicks out of 616 ft-rtile eggs. 
Sold the last a weefe apo, 50 chickena. 

" ftdo$ ■ ' 

ly b 
- „>ld. 

I u8Pd "Sure-Hotch" Chick Feed and found 
itagraad food for the Uttlu chicks. 

Mbs. G. W. Lowrt. 

West 8ttlem. Ohio, 

HOW'S that for a woman? 
You can do the same. If you get a 
Sure Hatch Incubator. 
Now don't take our say so for this, but 
let us prove it to vou. 

Send for our big 100-pa&e FREE Cat- 
alog-, select the Incubator that suits you 
best and let us ship it to you on 60 days' 

We will pay the freight and let you use 
the Incubator two months at our risk. 
If it isn't all we claim, send it back at our 
and you are out pothiog. 

Our big FKEE Catalog tells why. It is 
full of facts worth dollars to every poultry 
raiser. It contains Poultry House Plans and 
Illustrations, data on batchlnsr and feeding:, 
and valuable 
about rais- 
ing and mar- 
keting poul- 
try. It's in- 


will put more 

money in 

your pocket. 

Send for it 

today. A 

postcard bearing yourname 

and address brings it with prices from S7.50 to 

517.50 on Sure Hatch Incubators and brooders 

holding from 75 to ZOO eggs at a time. 


Box D 38- Clay Center, Neb.» 
or De pt. D 27, Indianapolis, Ind. 

"■"-.'/■."n^tiSSf * DAVIS Separator^ 

By buying 

Factory prices. No 
3 the low-down separator {j 

It comes direct Irom tlie factory 

iddUmcn' i profiU. Invcaligalcour fair selling plan. 

^ Jt belt high) that has a three-piece bowl that can never 

net out of balance. In all the separator world there is uothini: to equal the Davis 
for convenience, for nice, close skimmini:. for easy runninn and easy cleanini;. Uon't 
buy without liavins our money-savinu Catalog No. l2i It's free. Write for it to-day. 

Davis Cream Separator Co. 




Hal lock* s O. K, Elevator 


t ^j w J '7\a// W»*« Aow one man la every potato growlag locality where we have bo agent 
l^GT US I Gil YOU may have one of our TWO HORSE ELtVATOR 

Diggers Free. 

We also wish to send you such a grade of FARMERS' TESTIMONIALS as 
vou never saw before. 

BAYBORO, N. C, July 5, 1905. 
Messrs. D. Y. Hallock & Sons, 

York, Pa. 

The elevator potato digger referred to in 
our last letter is the Dowden potato harvester manu. 
factured at Prairie City, Iowa. We are very much in. 
terested in an elevator digger. We re iully convinced 
that it is the only successful digger on the market. 1' 
your digger is right, and you care to deal with us, we 
are willing to buy of you. The digger we mention 
above we know is all right, but has rather much weight 
and the draft is heavy, but we are convinced that it 
will pay us well to use the elevator. 
Yours very truly, 

Cowell, Swan & McCotter Co. 

If you dally and wa yo u will come In too late, 
first order only. 


BAYBOKO, N. C, Nov. 16, 1905. 
Messrs. D. Y. Hallock & Sons, 

York, Pa. 

We have tried the O. K. digger and find 
it works very eatisfactorily. If the digger does as well 
with our spring crop, where the tops are frequently very 
rank, we shall, indeed, think we have struck a bonanza 
in the way of a digger. We want the agency in this 
section for 1906. 

Yours very truly, 

Cowell, Swan & McCotter Co. 

For this most WONDERFUL OFFER goes with the 

York, Pa. 





There is no question but that there 
has been among dairymen a crying 
need for a high grade separator, which 
could be sold at a lower price. Every- 
body wants a cream separator, but 
many have felt they could not afford 
to pay the high prices demanded. It 
remains for a Chicago separator man- 
ufacturer to meet this demand and 
to place a separator of the first class 
on the market at a price which is 
within reach of even the smallest cow 
owner. We refer to the Davis Cream 
Separator Co., of Chicago. 

The high price at which separators 
have been sold has been due, not to 
the expense of manufacturing, but to 
the costly plan of selling. Here is 
where the Davis people have found op- 
portunity to make their great cut in 
price. They have not cheapened the 
material, or reduced the capacity, or 
built an inferior machine; but they 
have adopted the plan of selling di- 
rect from their factory to the user, 
cutting off all State agents', jobbers', 
and dealers' commission and expenses. 
They have found that by pursuing 
this policy, they are able to sell di- 
rect to users their Simple Davis Sep- 
arator at a price but little more than 
half that other standard machines are 
selling for. And it is one of the easi- 
est running, cleanest skimming, easi- 
est cleaned machines on the market. 
We believe that an investigation, both 
as to quality and price, will prove 
what we have said to be true. The 
wav to begin is to write to the Davis 
Cream Separator Co., 56B North Clin- 
ton street, Ch :ago, for their cata- 
logue. Not necessary to write a long 
letter; a postal will do. Just address 
as above and say: "Send me your 
catalogue No. 126." It will come 


We print the f,>llowing letter re- 
ceived by Dr. Haas: 

Rover, Howard county, Md., 

Jan. 13, 1906. 

Dr. Jos. Haas: 

Dear Sir.— I wish to inform you that 
your remedy has done magic work 
among my hogs. I am feeding it reg- 
ularly and would not be without it. 
■While I do so I feel perfectly sate 
when my neighbors' hogs are dying. 
Yours truly, 

Dr. Haas says this is only one of 
thousands of similar testimonials 
which come to him without solicita- 
tion, from all parts of the country. 

It is evident from communications 
of this nature that Dr. Haas' Remedy 
is doing all that is claimed for it, and 
•we think, with such a valuable pre- 
paration on the market, no swine 
raiser can afford to risk loss by falling 
to use the Remedy. 

Mention The Southern Planter when 
writing advertisers. 


to cultivate your corn cotton, tobacco and all crops grown 
in rows. The dislsS can be adjusted at will to throw the 
soil to or from the plants and at the same time thoroughly 
pulverize the whole row, to cultivate shallow near the 
plants, deep between the rows The 




is always under perfect con- 
trol, easy to operate, quick to re 
spond. saves labor, increases 
your yield. The all-steel con- 
struction makes it light, com- 
pact, durable. Saves repair bills. 
Has splendid stalk cutter attach- 
ment which materially adds to the 
value of the machine. Uur cultivator folder 
tells how cultivator works, how it's built and 
why it will give you perfect satisfaction, and 
our iy06 catalogfue illustrates the complete 
Johnston "Not in the Trust" tools for the farm. 
Write for the folder and catalogue today. 



ASSETS. $1.056,3G0.5'f 

Virginia Fire and Marine 

Insurance Company of RicKraond, Va., 

Insures Against Fire and Lightning. 

All descriptions of property in country and town, private 
or public, insured at fair rate.s, on Accommodating terms. 

W. H. PALMER, Presldenl. E. B. ADDISON, Vice-Pres't. W. H. McCarth;. Seoretarj- 


Material from the $50,000,000 St. Louis World's Fair 

Special to Readers of SOUTHERN PLANTER. low pntoes on Lumbep, Building Ma- 
terlat. Merchandise, MacMnary, Household Goods, etc 

SAVE 30 TO 50% 

on anything you need on the farm, In the 
home or shop. Study earelully the rra- 
BODB why we are able to quote icwri* 

pric - en tha 

cidP ( 

Chicago House Wi-ecklng Company, (Capi- 
tal and Surpluf) $i,o O.uoo) is cbe larg'tisC in- 
stitution of its Iclud In the world. Wo are 
constantly buying stocks ol New fteneral 
McrutiuadUe, Uausehold BuppUe&, « 

Sheriffs'. Receivers', Trustee?', As - 
gign eus' and Wanufaoturers' Sales 

This iiijaus -thut new gOi ds ot yra ulard 
mcrl'; and quality axe sold direct lo yuu at 
' " ■ ' st price. You > • • ■ - 

money on your purchp. 


supplies or materials you may need for con tern pi a. teU im- 
provements about your place. History repeats itself, and 
now after having dismantled everv exposition of modern 
times, incluaintr th^j Chicago World's Kair, 1833; 
The Pan-American Exposition at Suffalo, 1901; 
The Trans-RNississippi Exposition at On;aha, 
1699, and innumerable public building's, wehave purchased 

"'^ $50.000.000 St. Louis W or ld's Fair 

and consequently have an immense stock of first ula^s mr-* 
terial of every kind and for every purpose. Shrewd pur- 
chasers: those who know a good bargain, and appreciate the 
quality of material used in the constructions of the most 
magnilicient and expensive World's Exposition of modern 
times, are flooding us withorders. There is uothine used in 
the construction of a building of any kind, ov for furnishing 
Fame, tho t we cannot supply. I.,ook up your needs and get 
our catalogue. The prices sp'.^ic for themselves. Tell us 
what you ^ant. livery day finds our stock of big World's 
.ir har^i i ns much smaller. Write today. 


Tvo positively guarantee that all pur- 
jhascH cf ar-v kind nmda Croui U3 will bo 
j)y jp.tiataetory, and articles and 
L-xacMy as represented. You can 
place your order with us In confideneo that 
30t only receive juhb what you 
oay for, but t\ ilh the funhcr as- 
,at in case \ouflnd the goods not 
I represent.-"!, you'._an return same and 
r-fri\\ be refunded ^^■ltboutquib- 
lay. Scud us your inquiries for 

iny be inneofJ of in the line of 

general fai-m and bulldine supplies, house- 
hold goods, etc. 


clal agency 

^ Ask any banker, or 

refer to the DroversDeposit National Bank, 
and other Chicago banks. < 

flat. 2*x!Vl Inches, 
Conrugratod, V Orlmpe*! 

o. 15 graUo, semi- hardened, 

Sbline, perbri....*a.a5 
imitatloa Brick Sldhiir. 

i--r^^q «a-s« 


East of Colorado, except 
Oklahoma, lud. Terr, and 

^-^ Hiwri mimmiiiiifHiiiiii—i 

!*fl!?*IJ5l!!^^^^^^^^ LOWEST ^RSOES m LUMBER OF fiLL KINDSI 

IncludfuKbulldlnKTo-rerialoE every des'"-lntlon from the St. Louis VTorld's Fair. 
E^relsyoiironcth;i:i ;e to get a I Louur l.j.r^- u. 

Over 100,000,000 Feet of the Finest Gracfes cf Lumber 

were usod In the constructinu of these Now oiieredat 
EXCEEDlNGLy LO* PRrCE3. The time to buv lumber and liiUldlug material 
Is today. Itcnt delay. The supply is fast Tanio:..tng. 

Save 30 to 50!^ if you buy at once. fl 

Studdfag, joists, planking, drtssed and juatclied flouring, sheathing, timbers, In 
fact, lumber for any purpose. 


QaJck deUvery. Besides lumber \n: ^la^ u all;. of sa..h door.s bardwarfl, elec- 
trical apparatus, flags, polea, toola, turnstiles, statues, railing, moldiug, iron rods, 
and thou:-.ind3 of other articles. 

tha exposition grou ^d. St^ LopIb. Bio. 



3 Ply "Ea'-'le" Eraad Ready Booflng, with- 
out pupplies, r"^'!" 6(3 60< 

3 Ply "Eaple" Brand Ueady BooOng, with 


R*-d Rosiu Shectlog Paper, 

500 Sq. feet ...45c 

Galvanized Rubber Uooflnir 

extensive]? U8cd on hish 
grade buildiiigB. practical 
for lining purposes. Nails. 

corapletfl, \m Eq. ft. . $1.50 

Better grades also, 
Eavo TroughB. Down Spoot- 
in^s. Valleys, EidgoEoUs, etc. 




Weliave over 200 Sfoves for sa'.e that 
were used only durln'^ the Exposition. 

.Each, *8.9; 

Air TIeht Wood Heatera 

Irom »1. 50 to »?.&0 

KI(chcn_ltane<-.from * !.'<') toS2n.nO 

12 Ton Jack Scraws 80c 


Oarloadu, Brand New Cast 

and, wrought Iron Bcrew, deep 

The best made, and 

bii^pest bargain In tho lotatthe; 

In. diam., 12 

. 1.10 
. 1.15 

B Rolatne Jockfs '^ 
■ Jack«, each 

Extension Tabie SiO.25 CH^ 'R bargains j World's Fair FurnitHre 

Beat selecteU oak, iritli finest Golden T^3S& 500 beantlf ul box faiilt- ( ^rf««»»^ 


4H Inchea, pil- 7 Inches 
tulok, hand 
.i"ved, 6 ft. extension. 

•h *10.S5 

it. extension.. ifclLto 
000 Tables Ln 
handsome dps) fms 
at $3.90 to S2o each. 

SsnJ for Catalog, 

library chaii 


d In Golde _. 

Weathi-redOakfrnl h- 
es. Seats of f? 
band caning. Pattern en- 
tirely new. While they 
lastcach S8c 

Othere at 90, 80, 70, and 


101) Morris Chairs Each,»5.60 

XoO Oouchcs. Each,$4.00 taX5.00 

S50 Offlee Desks Each, $10.00 

2,000 Dressers. Each,*5.00 

0, poo Iron Beds Each,?Q.C5 


Thousands of handsoma modem pieces of houpetic id effects vr^^ra included In our 
purchasesof the Tario'is foreign, state and public builcinga. Dont you recall the 
~ rich f urnishiigs, the line cwrpets, rugs, etc.* V/e have thoubands ot gx>od 



thingrs to olTerlnthis lino a6 one-h ilf their real valu 

1000 Tarda OSI Cloth, jfood as new, e:;ccUent pBbtemB, fine heavy body, various 

designs, l,lb^ and "3 yards wide, per square yf,^rd 19 cents 

SOOO Varus Stnii H<;oteh Linoleum, finest quality, practically new, hand- 
some assortmentof designs. In 2 yard widths, medium quality, i>er square yarU, 35 

cents. Heaviest quality, per equare yard... 4j centt* 

S5» Floor Uu^s, heavy texture. 6x9, each Sl.tfO 

Larg-evariety. combination of colors, from 60'i to S50 
•400 ^ ui-dp laernln Cat-pet, dark green l.odv, fioml 

desi^ni^, full widths, tlioroughJy renovated, lookb 

like I)-.":'-. Price, per vavi . Vi\ cent'* 

prices Uke thesi 

Good Manila Rone, slightly used, all 

sizes, ^ Inch, per 100 ft $2.75 

New Slanlla Bope, slightly shopworn, 

per lb lOo 

Wrnpplnip twlneilb.&c 
Galvanized Guy Wli 

per hundred ft.Sl-60| 

$5.10 Anti-Freezing^ump 

special Offer on Pumps. 

yi'lndmillllftpijr.ips, ertCh »«8.4;5 

iiiff lurcepuinpB, W.OO 

Itohcr Spoilt pumps. . 0,P5 

KiUher. force Pumpi*. 4.50 y 

Thrc»>her Tank pumps G.wO 

Hydraulic i{»m^ 4.?5! 

Galvanized Storugo tanks, 
: waJioas. hog troughs, hot 
}r tanks and tanks ofevcry 
kind,— water lifts, rubber and 
leather bolting at very low 


a H. p. flue farm 

glne, for sawing wood, 
general purposes. An 
economical tarm 
power Guaranteed, 


n'lth pnmplnc Jaek, 


Machinery of all 
Mcds. Engines rang- 
ing from 1 to ICCfi H. P. 
Pumping machinery 
and equipment. 

Lowest Prices on Catvanlzed Wire. 
' Bhorts, No. 14 gau^^e, per 100 !b. 


new, 11 to IG gauge, 

periooiu? If 1.90 

B. Jt. Telephone 
Wire, continuous 

iMhs, looibs. 

Painted Barbed 

\71re, lC01bs.*2.aO 
Galvanized Bnrbed 

Wire, 100 lbs «3.G0 
Ponltry Xittlne, 

gal., ICOm!. ft...40c 

D I DP 10,000.000 feet of pipe, 

B^i~d overhauled and In good 
condition. It came from the Exposition. 
Wrou(?ht Iron Pipe -with screwed ends 
and threaded couplings, straight and in 
good condition. 4 

1 -Ineh, per foot ".....SK ots. 

l.'^-lneh, per foot 4!5 cts. 

13<-lneh, per foot 5H ots. 


8 -Inch, per foot. 1 cts. 

4':f-inch, per foot. i ** cts. 

^' ■ " perfoot 80 cts. 

Paints, 30c Per Gallon 

Barn Pntnt, in barrel lota, per graL.SO" 
Cold Water Paints, pe 

pound ti< 

"Perfection" Mixed 

Paints, P" 8=11. ...7ScB|g5yJ^' 


We offer you a saving of 80 to 60 per cent on any- >^ 
thing you need In this lino. We can furnish you alUhe/fi. 
comforts of a city dwelling even if you have no water 
.supply. With our modem "Country Homes Water 
iiapplies" you live Uke a king. Write us I'or full faets. 

Handsome etecl4Vfrt. Batli Tub ^6.00 

elcd Sinks Sl.lO up 

Wutcr <'losct8, complete ~ ^'?.00 up \ 

W c*»h Stands, handsome. allwell finished, complete.... 7.50 up I 
' "' " Rath lEoom Outfit, complete 25.00 up f 

>ur plumbing suppiy catalogue. It'aworth having. 


This book l3 one that every shrewd buyer mustsend for. It Is full of bargains from cc 

> cover, and quotes the very lowest prices on everything needed on the '"'arm and In the I 

home lou will save men ev by referring to it often. The list above 'jhows onlv a ' 
tides outof thousands describe*!, but the prices give you an Idea of what you can e 

by sending your orders to us. Cut out this ad. I*afce a cross mark on those items that S 
t Interest yon, and we will send ycu much valuable Information. Also fill In the c 

pon Co your right. Our new catalogue will be sent you absolutely free and prepaid. 

niliniftn iiniior iiinrni/iiiA ixn nriL a i nt. 'ni^>^ ■ 

Wire Nails, $1.50 ^i-bi"" 

10,000 Eegs Mixed Wire Nails, 

each containing lOOto 110 lbs., and rang- 
ing from S to 30 pennyweight, all kinds 
"ach keg. Special price per kcg..Sl.&0 
f SplkcB^_ Per^ ? If ¥ It If Y 


lOUlbs »1.90 

It Coated 
: Nails. Per 


Chicago House Wrecking Company, 

asth & Iron St«...Chleaja. 
lam a reader of SOUTHERN PUNTER Bend me on© of 
I your large 500 page catalogues as advertised in this j>aper. 








Mr. J. Wallace Page. 

From the Forge to a Great Fence 


One of the most interesting stories 
of pioneer manufacturers of the 
United States centers around Mr. J. 
Wallace Page, President of the famous 
Woven Wire Fence Co., of Adrian, 
Mich., with the growth of those Im- 
mense business Mr. Page has been 
identified from the first. 

In 1884, at which time woven wire 
fence was practicall.v unknown, Mr. 
Page first began making and market- 
ing what was later to be developed 
into the world famous Page Woven 
Wire Fence of to-day. During the past 
twenty-two years from 1884 until the 
present day, Mr. Page's whole life has 
been devoted to the up-building of this 
great industry. In 1886 the Page 
Woven Wire Fence Company was in- 
corporated, with Mr. Page as its Pres- 
ident, and a small fence factory was 
erected in Adrian. The marvelous de- 
velopment of the business since then 
is a story as interesting as any ro- 
mance ever written. A full account 
of it would require several volumes. 

But Mr. Page has been in no way 
spoiled by this remarkable success. 
His habits of life are as plain, simple 
and unassuming as when he built the 
first Page Fence on the old Page farm. 
The fence question is still his especial 
study, and his long experience in the 
business is at the command of every 
prospective buyer. Write him your 
fence needs. Your letter will have 
personal attention, and in addition, 
you will receive the company's printed 
matter which contains valuable fence 
information. Write to-day. Address 
vour letter to Mr. .T. Wallace Page, 
Box 651, Adrian, Michigan. 

A NEAT BINDER, holding one vol- 
ume, 12 Issues, can be had for 25 
cents; Address our business office. 


Protected by Powdrpaint, 

discovery, P' 

Good Paint Without Oil 
at 1=4 the Cost 

lildings properly p 

ivitho/V points. 

[he best paint for bai 


Berause it costs you only about 'i tl 
piice of lead and oil paints, doi.'t get the id^ 
th:it it will not i;ive a-S yood servitr. 

For POWDRPAINT nut only lasts lonjr ar 
looks well hMi\iffoesia.ri\iex,'\i^coz'friHffpini.'. 
is one-third ereater. 

As I can prtTfe by many well-known users. 

Here's why POWDRPAINT wears so well. 

—Why it resists heat. cold, frost. r;uri, acid 
ca'^CR :ind all weather conditions, to such a r 
mac kable degree: 

It is based on the cr- 
itn-nt principle, ls ap- 
plied to paint. 

You know Portland 
Cement when mixed 
with water, s,ts and becomes ban! as stone. — 
hence it is called ''hydraulic" cement. 

<■?// paints stick to various surfaces on ac- 
count of their peculiar adhesive (inalities. 

Now. POW''DRPAINT is both hydraulic and 
adhe-^ive. It is made from the purest pig- 
ments, combined witli adhesive substances 
\\\\\c.\\ Stronger thaii oil. 

Mix cold water with POWDRPAINT and 
it foims a hard, durable, enamel coatinK which 
will not dry out from the sun's heat and be- 
come soft and chalky. 

Nor will it peel, check, blister or crack. 

But, like Portland Cement, it "stays put,"— 

—Holds its shape year in and year out. 


s, etc . 


farmer to keep his bi 
ed from the weather 

poultry, hog and she 
piice.and you and your biied m. 
do the work at odd times. 

For paintins inside of poultry ho 
destroy disease germs and for ikse on fruit tiee 
trunks to tiestroy insects, it has no equal. 

And it reduces your insurance, because 
POWDRPAINT is fire-proof, as well as 
weathfr-proof paint. 


—A high-giade. ready-to-mix Oil paint, guar- 
anteed for five years— at .'^ less than the price 
of other paints not as 


best adapted for farm 

buildings, fences, fac- 

nrv. millbuildings.etc— 

DOUliLWEAR PAINT is the cheapest and 

best oil paint made for the better grade of work, 

houses, tine interiors. 


tory and sell direci 

price reprcbcoting cost of malerial 

and labor, plus one small profit. 

eall dealers' profits— and 

this sprrngr it will pay you to send 
for my free paint samples. Slate 
whether V'>u want POWDRPAINT 
or DOUBLWEAR. ami X will also 
send you a very i nteresting booklet 
filled with practical paint advkt 


"Paints that stay Painted." 

PAINT is what you need. Do you know that 

PAINT will preserve and improve your property? 

PAINT will give your property a prosperous appearance. 

PAINT will increase the value of your farm. We have 

PAINT on hand for everything — 

PAINT for roofs and barns. Lythite Cold Water 

PAINT. Carriage and wagon paint Our '-Standard" house 

PAINT is ready-mixed, and for the money no 

PAINT can surpass it. Write us for 

PAINT prices and color cards. 


Richmond, Va. 

Pulls Stumps or Standing Trees. 

Clears a two acre circle with one siitlnir— t'iiMs anythlnR- the wire ro|)cwill reach; stumps, 
trees, grubs, rocks, hedges, etc. A iiiau and a boy with tmc or two horses can run tlie 


Stump Anchored or Solff Anchoring. ' 

Amiouteand & half Is all It takes fur theordinary stump. No heavy chains or rods. Note 
thestroDif wire rope with patent coupler— grips the rope at any point. Does not i 

chafe rope; far ahead of old-style"take-ups.*' Smallest ropewefurnish standsiO.OuO _^^^J;'^^/r^"^^ "" romiil 
It generates Immense power nnd It's made to stand the strain. We also ^^^^— -^ - - /w„ ^i\ rnfUJimlOl S^VIJI^-t^